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八年级英语上册 Unit 6重点内容详解及练习

发布时间:2014-01-28 15:49:40  

Unit 6 I am going to study computer science 一.学习目标:

1.掌握本课的重要词汇及短语:

1)职业:Computer programmer, engineer, doctor, pilot, cook, scientist, actor, basketball player, teacher, driver, pianist, violinist;

2)动词,名词,等详见单词句型解析

2.掌握以下重要句型

A: What do you want to be when you grow up?

B:I want to be an actor.

A: How are you going to do that?

B:I am going to take acting lessons

A: Where are going to work (in the future)?

B: I’m going to moving to Shanghai.

A: When are you going to start?

B: I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

二.学习重点

(一) 一般将来时

1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作.

1). In the future, there will be less fresh water.

2). They’re going to buy some food right away.

3)We will have a vacation next mouth.

2. 常与一般将来时连用的时间状语有:

in the future, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next (month), at once(立刻;马上), soon,

right away(立刻;马上), right now(现在;马上), sooner or later(迟早), later,in

+ 一段时间

(in two days)等结构:

3.肯定式:1) 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他

will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。

2) 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他

be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。

如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t .

4) 一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

4. There be 句型的一般将来时:

1)There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。

A. 否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有?

B. 一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。

肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t.

C. 特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 疑问词组 + 一般疑问句?

When will there be a nice basketball match?

2)There is going to / will be + n...: 将会有...

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? 5. 注意:

1). 在口语中, will常缩写为’ll, will not常缩写为won’t.

2). 在疑问句中, 主语为第一人称(I 和we)时,常用助动词shall:

Shall we meet at the school gate tomorrow?

3). be going to 与 will 的区别:从不严格的语法角度而言 ,be going to与 will

二者可以互换, 但:

be going to 也可以表示将要发生的动作或安排,更强调判断及将要发生的事情 含有“ 计划,准备,打算”的意思,常表示某事肯定发生,而且很快就要发生。 主观: I’m going to take a trip this weekend;

Look at the clouds ! It is going to rain .

而will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情: He will be twenty years old next month. 主观上看表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

4). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为: There is/are going to be + n... ; There will be + n...: 将会有... (不能与have连用)

5). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将来: He is arriving at 8 o’clock tomorrow.

The bus is coming.

My mother is leaving for Shanghai.

6). 在条件、时间状语从句中,一般是主将从现。

If(如果) it is fine tomorrow, I’m going on a trip. I will tell you when he comes back.

引导条件状语的词: if(如果);as long as

引导时间状语的词:when , after, before, as soon as , not .... until....

随堂练习

句型转换

1. He is going to the zoo this Friday.(改为否定句)

__________________________________________

2. Are you going to come, too?( 做肯定回答)

_____________________.

3. We are going to have an English lesson this afternoon.( 划线提问)

______________________________________________?

4. Lucy is going to watch TV after school.( 改为一般疑问句) .

_________________________________________________?

5. There will be fewer trees in the future. (按下面的要求转换)

________________________________________.(改为否定句)

________________________________________ (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定否定回答)

6. What are you going to do tomorrow?(改为同义句)

What _____ you _____ to do? / What __________ you __________(do) tomorrow? 选择适当的词填空。

1. A: What is she_______(do)? B: She_________(cook)dinner in the kitchen now.

2. Listen! Who ___________(sing) ?

3. We are going to ___________(have) a picnic on weekends.

4. —What will you do tomorrow afternoon?

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—I __________(play)basketball with Jim.

5. He _________(be)a teacher after he leaves college.

6. What is he going to do when he _____ some money?

A. is going to save B. save C. saves D. will save

7. --_____ the Greens going to move?

--Maybe Beijing or Shanghai. I’m not sure yet.

A. What is B. What are C. Where is D. Where are

8. --What are you going to do this weekend?

--I am going ____ my grandmother and grandfather.

A. visit B. to visit C. visiting D. visited

9. --What are you doing now? Why are you so busy, Jane?

--I have to take what I need on business, because I _______________ Shanghai tomorrow.

A. am going to leave for B. will leave for

C. am leaving for D. will be leaving for

10. There ____ a talk show on CCTV-4 at nine this evening. (2007 河北邢台)

A. will have B. is going to be

C. is going to have D. is having

11. Attention, please. There____ a football game between China and Korea this evening.

A. is going to be B. has been

C. has D. will have (09淄博)

(二) 职业名词

1.-er teacher, player, driver, reporter, dancer, singer,

2.-or doctor, conductor, actor, governor, tailor,

3.-ist scientist(science), artist(art), pianist, violinist, tourist

4.-ant assistant, servant(serve),

5. –eer engineer, pioneer, volunteer

astronaut

(三) 动词及短语用法

Section A.

1 What do you want to be when you grow up?

1) want to be 想当。。,想成为。。。

2) grow up 指人或动物长大、成年、成熟。 I grow up in Qingdao.

3) when “当。。。时候”引导时间状语从句。在含有when引导的时间状语从句的主从复合句中,如果主句和从句的动作都发生在将来, 主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时表示将来。 e.g. I will go when your mother comes back.

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2. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。

Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:finish, enjoy, keep, keep on , mind, practice, feel like , can’t help (情不自禁), look forward to ,

以下是动词后跟ing作为宾语的参考记忆法

3.be sure about 确信;

5. try one’s best 尽最大努力 =do one’s best 后接to do 动词不定式

try one's best to do sth

e.g. I'll try my best to pass the exam.

6. take acting lessons /take singing lissons.

7. sound +adj.(difficult,funny,good, interesting?)听起来

sound like a good plan听起来像

8. send sb. sth. =send sth. to sb. (双宾语结构)

9. get good grades

get a prize

get a lot of exercise

exercise /U/锻炼

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/C/ 体操,练习 eye exercises / Please do the exercises on page 60.

10. foreign (adj) -------foreigner (n.)

随堂练习

1. -Let’s discuss the plan, shall we? (2012·安徽) -Not now. I to an interview.

A. go B. went C. am going D. was going

2. –Jack is busy packing luggage. (2010·铜川) - Yes. He for America on vacation.

A. leaves B. left C. is leaving D. has been away 3. Next Monday Lily Paris on vacation.

A. is going to B. is going C. go to D. went to

4. Her father is an ____________in a big factory.

A. star B. engineer C. worker D. player 5. --- are you going to be a pianist in the future ?

---I’m going to practice playing the piano every day.

A. What B .When C. How D. Why 6. There an art exhibition this Sunday.

A. have B. is going to have C. is going to be D. is going to hold 7 He is going to to New York with his parents.

A. take B. move C. bring D. stay

翻译句子

1. 你长大后想成为什么? What do you _____ ______ be when you _____ _____?

2. 李明善于写故事。 Li Ming is _____ _____ _____ _____ stories.

3. 我打算坚持写作。 I’m going to _____ _____ writing stories.

4. 我父母想让我成为一名演员。My parents _____ me _____ be an actor.

5. 我打算尽我的最大努力帮助他。I’m going to _____ _____ _____ _____ help him. 词汇

1---What are you going to do after you finish high school?

---I’m going to go to c________ in Beijing

2 I want to be a doctor. I am going to study m________ in the university 3 ---How can I i________ my English? ----You can read it every morning.

4 ---I like to play volleyball. What’s your h_________?----I like singing. 5 My foreign friend Tom _______________(learn)Chinese next year.

6 I don’t think it’s easy to buy ______(person)things for others.

7 We must work hard at the ____________(begin)of the new school year.

9 For us Chinese, English is a f_______ language.

10She wants __________(eat)more healthy food _______(keep)in good health. 11 My good friend _______(buy)a nice present for my last birthday.

12 When I grow up, I want to be an e_________.

13 Computer s______ is Jake’s favorite subject.

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14 I’m going to s______ a letter to my friend.

1.college 2.medicine 3. improve 4. hobby 5. will learn 6. personal 7. beginning

8. have 9. foreign 10. to eat to keep 11. bought 12 engineer 13. science 14. send

Section B.

1. at the beginning of this year

beginning n. 开头, 反义词为 end,结束。

at the beginning of

at the end of

from the beginning to end

e.g.He will come here at the beginning of this month.

2. They are going to start an exercise program or eat less fast food.

eat与have这两个动词都可以表示“吃”。

1) eat可用作及物或不及物动词, 是日常用语,但用在日常口语中不够礼貌。

让别人“吃”,通常用have。

Where shall we have our dinner?

2) have是普通用语, 同样可以表示“吃”,

也可以表示“喝”。用在非正式的文体中。

What time do you have supper?

I do not have coffee in the evening.

晚上我不喝咖啡。

? 注意: “吃药”, 习惯上说have/take medicine, 不说eat/drink medicine。

----Your son catches a bad cold.

----He should have some medicine.

3. Some resolutions have to do with better panning?

1) 句中planning 为名词,表示“计划、规划”如:city planning(城市规划)。better plan 意为:合理规划,指通过制定计划来更加充分地利用时间、空间、精力。

plan V. plan to do sth.

2) Have ?.. to do with 表示“与?相关;与?有关联或有关系”

Many resolutions have to do with self-improvement.

This problem has something to do with me. 熟背例句:It has nothing to do with you. 这不关你的事。

? have something in common

4. Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep.

1) 句中情态动词 may 表示推测, “可能;也许;大概” may+do, 不随人称数的变化。 maybe 和 may be 区别

You may be right this time, but I’ m not sure.

Maybe you are right.

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可能性更小的(might)

2) 英语中too?to?是一个固定结构,表示“太?而不能? ’

The kid is too young to play this game. (改同义句)

The kid is __________ __________ __________ to play this game.

enough 的用法 enough +n.

adj. + enough

3) 句中的动词keep表示“履行(诺言等);遵守(惯例等)”:

keep a promise(信守承诺)

keep one’s promise (遵守承诺;说话算数)等。如:

We always keep our word.我们说话是算数的。

5. take up a. 拿起,捡起 He took up telephone receiver and began to dial. b. 占用,占据(时间,空间,精力等) I won't take up much of your time.

This thing takes up all my attention.

The table takes up too much room. c. 以某事作为爱好或消遣 take up gardening, golf

d. 开始从事(一项事业、一种职业等),学习(某种知识、技能等);

He has taken up a job as a teacher.

6. promise:v. 用法

? 1)promise to do sth. _____My mother promised to buy a piano for me.

? 2)promise sb. sth. _____ My aunt promised me a bike.

? 3)promise + that 从句_____ Tom promises that he can return on time.

promise n. 允诺, 诺言

? 1) keep a promise eg:Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a

promise.

? 2) make promise to sb.

7. write down (写下;记下)

8. for this reason(为此;由于这个原因)

9. improve Vt.

improvement n. self-improvement

11. be able to do sth. 注意:此短语和can do sth 的区别。

can更多的是表示一种能力。

be able to强调经过一定的努力之后能够做某事。

12. a kind of ?一种 a kind of animal

all kinds of ?各种各样的 all kinds of colors

different kinds of 不同种类的 -fishes.

kind adj. be kind to sb.

13. tidy V. 1) tidy sth. 2) tidy up

tidy adj. –untidy be tidy

14. remember

1) remember sth

2) remember to do sth. ( 没做)

---Teddy,remember to close the window when you leave the room.

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3) remember doing sth. (事情已做)

Well, I remember meeting you in Beijing.

随堂练习

一. 选择

1. Remember ____________ off the lights when you leave the classroom.

A. turn B. to turn C turning D. turned

2. Don’t ___________ about me, I can take care of myself.

A. worry B. look C. talk D. listen

3 My New Year’s resolution is ______the soccer team.

A to make B make C made D makes

4 Well ,my grandpa promised _____buy a new computer next month.

A to buy B buying C bought D buy

二. 句子

1 每一学期,我们都向老师承诺。We all ______ ______ _____ our teachers every term. 2 我对成功很有把握。 I am quite ________ _____ the success.

3---你长大了干什么?---我想成为一名电脑程序员。

--What do you ______ ______ ______when you _____ ______?

---I want ______ ______ a computer _______.

4----你打算怎么样做?---我打算学习电脑科技。

---How _____you going to ______ that ?----I’m going _____ ______ computer _____. 5我父母想让我成为一名一生,但我不确定。

My parents want _____ ______ _____a doctor, but I’m not ______ _____ that. 6并不是每个人都知道他们想成为什么。Not____ knows ______ they want _____ _____. 7 有时候这些决定也许太难以至于不能坚持。

Sometimes the resolutions may be ____ _____ ______ ______.

8 这些不是他们自己的书。These aren’t _______ ______ books.

9 我同意你的说法。I ______ ______ what you say.

10 她所有的新年决心都与学习有关。

All her New Year’s resolutions ____ _____ _____ ______ her study.

II. 句型转换

1. He is going to take guitar lessons every day(改为一般疑问句) he going to guitar lessons every day ? 2. Mom is going to do some shopping this afternoon(对划线部分提问) is Mom going to this afternoon?

3. I want to be a pilot when I grow up.(改为同义句) I a pilot when I grow up

4. They going to move a new city called Donghai.(改为否定句) They to move a new city called Donghai. 5 .My sister is going to be an actress when she grows up . (对划线部分提问) - is your sister going to when she grows up?

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