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初一同步辅导英语Unit2-2

发布时间:2014-01-29 10:43:41  

本周学习重点

七年级上册Unit 2 Daily Life

重点语法:

1.一般现在时态

2.频度副词(短语)

重点及难点解析

一般现在时态

〖教材典句〗

1. My school is close to my home, so I always go to school on foot. 我学校与我家很近,因此我总是步行去上学。

2. Classes start at 8 a.m, and I am seldom late. 早上8点开始上课,我很少迟到。

3. We have our morning break at 9:50 a.m.. 我们在上午9:50休息。

4. Break ends at 10:10 a.m. 在上午10:10休息结束。

5. When the bell rings, I run to the playground with my best friends Tom and Jack.

当铃声响起的时候,我和我最好的朋友汤姆和克杰跑到操场上。

以上5个句子的时态都是用一般现在时,也是我们本单元的语法知识点。

〖语法全解〗

1.基本概念

表示包括现在在内的经常性、习惯性发生的动作或存在的状态。

2 一般现在时态用法

1)一般现在时表示经常的、习惯性的动作或目前存在的状态。

e.g. I often go to school by bike.

My father is a doctor.

2)表示普遍真理和客观事实。

The earth moves around the sun.

The sun is bigger than the moon.

3)有时这个时态表示按计划、规定要发生的动作(句中都带有时间状语),但限于少数动词, 如:begin, come, leave, go ,arrive, start , stop, return, open, close等。例如: a. The meeting begins at seven.

b. The rain starts at nine in the morning.

4)表示状态和感觉的动词(be, like, hate, think, remember, find, sound 等)常用一般现在时。 a. I like English very much.

b. The story sounds very interesting.

3. 一般现在时态构成

1)be动词型:句子的谓语动词只有be(am,is或are): ??

????a.肯定句中,只出现be,如: ??????

e.g I am a student.我是一名学生。 ????

?? b.否定句中,要在be后面加not,如: ??????

e.g I am not a student. 我不是一名学生。 ????

c.一般疑问句,要将be放在句子开头(注意句首字母大写),句尾用问号 , 答语用Yes,主语+be.或No,主语+be+not.如: ??????

e.g. —Are you a student? 你是一名学生吗? ????

?? —Yes,I am 是的,我是。 ????

—No,I'm not. 不,我不是。

转换句型:

The dog is three years old.

(改为一般疑问句)

????

2)实义动词型:句中的谓语动词为实义动词(也叫行为动词): ????

??

1. 主语为第一,二人称及第三人称复数及复数主语 ( I ,we, you ,they,复数主语) 肯定句:主语+动词原形+其它。

否定句:主语+don’t + 动词原形+其它。

一般疑问句: Do+ 主语+动词原形+其它?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+do+主语+动词原形+其它?

e.g 肯定句: I go to school every day.

否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯定回答: ------Yes, I do,

否定回答: -------No, I don't.

特殊疑问句:How often do you go to school?

句型转换

I do my homework every day .(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

——you homework every day?

——No, I

2 主语为第三人称单数 (she, he, it ,单数主语)

肯定句:主语+动词”三单“+其它。

否定句:主语+doesn’t + 动词原形其它。

一般疑问句: Does+ 主语+动词原形+其它?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+does+主语+动词原形+其它?

e.g 肯定句: He usually gets up at six

否定句: 一般疑问句:

肯定回答: Yes, he does.

否定回答: No, he doesn’t.

特殊疑问句: When does he usually get up?

句型转换

She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

_____she milk?

Yes., she

.

3 动词第三人称单数变化规则

1一般情况+S, work---works run---runs like---likes

2 以辅音字母+y结尾的词,去y加ies e.g. study----studies try--tries

3 以ch,sh,s,x,o,结尾的动词在后加es, e.g. watch--watches teach---teaches go--goes, do--does

4 have-----has

4 一般现在时常与频度副词(短语)连用。

1) 频度副词有:频度由高至低:always,usually, often , sometimes,seldom(很少),hardly(几乎不),

never ( 从不) 放在be动词,情态动词及第一个助动词后,实义动词前面。

这几个都是频率副词,表示事情发生的频度。其中,seldom与hardly表示否定概念,经常与一般现在时连用。频率副词主要放在实义动词之前,be动词或情态动词或助动词之后。提问频率时,用how often。

2)频率短语;every week, every year, twice a week on Mondays, three times a day , on Sundays通常放在句末。

汉译英

1他总是很晚睡觉。

__________________________________________________________________________________________ 2他几乎走不动了。

__________________________________________________________________________________________ 3他从不会晚起床。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys:

1) He always goes to bed late.

2) He can hardly walk.

3) He never gets up late.

自我检测—做一做

一. 选择题

( ) 1 --Where ____you ______? (2012学年七年级第一学期广州市第四十七中学期中考试)

--Beijing.

A. are, come from B. do, from C. /, come from D. are, from

. A. get B. getting C. gets D. got ( )2 I always get up at six o'clock. My mother__23__ up at six o'clock.

(2012学年七年级第一学期广州市第四十七中学期中考试)

( )3 After school, I usually____ at half past four. (2012学年七年级第一学期广州市第四十七中学期中考试)

. A. walk home

A. play guitar

A. takes; playing B. walks home C. walk to home D. walks to home D. plays the guitar ( ) 4. In his free time, he usually _____ together with Tom. (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语) B. play the guitar C. plays guitar ( ) 5. David usually _____ Sunday afternoons _____ computer games with his brother. B. spends; playing C. spends; to play D. takes; to play

(十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语)

( ) 6. You must stop _____. It’s bad for your health. (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语)

A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking D. to smoking

( ) 7. -- Do you often go home late? (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语)

-- No. I _____ go home after six o’clock in the afternoon.

A. sometimes B. usually C. always D. seldom

( )8 My brother often ________ his teeth first while his brother usually ________ his face first every morning.

A. brush, wash B. brushes, wash C. brush, washes D. brushes, washes

( )9 Would you like ________ dinner with us? (2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元、苏元期中考联考

A. have B. having C. to have D. to having

( )10 --Do you often go to the gym? (2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元、苏元期中考联考

--No, ________. I do not like sports at all.

A. always B. never C. sometimes D. usually

( )11 ________ you good at ________? (2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元、苏元期中考联考

A. Do, swim B. Do, swimming C. Are, swimming D. Are, swim

( )12 We must ________ the restaurant before 8:00. (2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元、苏元期中考联考

A. reach to B. get C. arrive in D. arrive at

( )13 Jack was so clever that he could find out the answer ________ this question in one minute.

A. of B. with C. about D. to

( )14 My mom enjoys ________. (2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元、苏元期中考联考

A. walking home B. to walk home C. walking to home D. to walk to home

( )15 Debbie got up early last Saturday morning .She wanted __31___ skating

A . goes B. go C. going to

考试) D. to go ( ) 16 It ______ rains at this time of year so the weather is very dry. (广州市第二中学2012学年第一学期英语期中

A. often B. usually

A. rain, raining C. sometimes D. seldom D. rainy, rain ( ) 17 In winter, it often ________ so the weather is ________ here. B. rains, rainy C. raining, rainy

( )18 In summer, a lot of people enjoy _________ to the beach.

A. going

B. to go C. go D. goes ( ) 19. I _________ my e-friend Jason yesterday.. (广州市第二中学2012学年第一学期英语期中考试) A. hear of A. friend, friend B. hear about C. heard to D. heard from D. friends, friend ( ) 20. I want to make _________ with all the _________ people in the world. B. friends, friendly C. friendly, friend

(广州市第二中学2012学年第一学期英语期中考试)

二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. Where

2. His favourite subjects (be) P.E. and music.

3. His pen pal

he (have) any sisters?

5. Ben can (speak) English and Spanish.

6. Her brother (not play) sports every day, he only

7. My patents want

8. She likes (play) computer games.

三 根据要求改写句子,每横线只填一词。

75. He likes to go to school. (改为否定句.) (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语) He ________ _________ to go to school.

76. Lucy brushes her teeth every day. ( 改为一般疑问句) (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语) ____________Lucy ____________ her teeth every day?

划线部分提问)

_________ _________ your brother _________ from? 划线部分提问) (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语)

_________ _________ your favourite subjects? 划线部分提问) (十六中2012年七年级第一学期期中测试英语) _________ _________ does Tom do some reading?

自我检测—做一做参考答案

一,选择题 1-5 DCADB 6-10 CDDCB 11-15 CDDAD 16-20 DBADB

二. 用适当形式填空 1 are 2 are 3 lives 4 Does..have 5 speak 6 doesn’t play…watches 7 to go 8 playing

三. 75 doesn’t like 76 Does…brush 77 Where does…come 78 What are 79 How often

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