表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态，句中一般有以下时间状语：tomorrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow（后天），in + 一段时间（在...之后）,in the future（将来），tonight等。
1.主语+be （am, is, are）going to + do
2主语+will+ do. I /We+shall+do
例如：I'm going to play football this afternoon;
They will go to visit the factory tomorrow;
We shall go abroad to study further soon.
1.主语+be （am, is, are）not going to + do
2.主语+will not(won’t)+ do. I /We+shall not(shan’t)+do
例如：I'm not going to play football this afternoon;
They will not go to visit the factory tomorrow;
1. Be （am, is, are）+主语+going to + do
2. Will+主语+ do.
3. Shall+ I /We+do
例如：Are you going to play football this afternoon?
1.对主语提问：疑问词who+be going to do/will do
I'm going to play football this afternoon →Who’s going to play football this afternoon?
2.对其他成分提问：疑问词+be+主语+ going to do;疑问词+will+主语+do
I'm going to play football this afternoon→What are you going to do this afternoon? They will go to visit the factory tomorrow→When will you go to visit the factory?
五、be going to do 和will do的区别：
be going to和will的用法虽然都表示将来发生动作或情况，但它们的用法是有区别的。
（1）be going to主要用于： a、表示主观上打算、安排、计划要做的事情。 What are you going to do today? 今天你们打算（计划）做什么？
Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon.今天下午我和爸爸打算（计 划）去看歌剧。 There is going to be a meeting tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午将有一场会议。
b、表示根据目前某种迹象客观判断，某事将要发生。 Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain.瞧！乌云密集，天要下雨。
I am afraid I am going to have a cold.恐怕我要患重感冒。
（2）will主要用于在以下几个方面： a. 表示有礼貌地询问对方是否愿意或表示客气的邀请或命令时。 Will you please lend me your bike? b. 表示意愿 We will help him if he asks us. c. 表示单纯的将来，“将要”。 The sun will rise at 6:30 tomorrow morning. He will be thirty years old this time next year.
1.用现在进行时（be+doing)表示将来。例如：瞬间动词go, come, leave, arrive, start, begin等。现在进行时 be doing”的结构来表示在最近计划或安排将要进行的动作, 有“意图” 或“打算”的含义.通常与表未来时间的状语连用。
1. I am visiting him tomorrow. 我明天要去拜访他。
2. He is leaving for Italy in three days. 他三天后要出发去意大利。
3. Are they coming this afternoon? 他们今天下午会来吗？
1. I ______（leave）in a minute.
2. WangXiaoya,the famous reporter，__________ hiking in Mount Tai next month.
A. are going B. is going C. goes D. go
3.What __________ your parents __________ for vacation?
A. did， did B. does， do
C. are， doing D. is， doing
1）.if (如果)的条件状语从句：If it doesn’t rain this afternoon, we’ll have a football match.
2）.时间状语从句：as soon as (一....就...),when(当...时候)，before，after，until(直到 not..until直到...才) , unless(=not...if 除非)... I’ll tell you the news as soon as you come back. Tom will write to me after(when) he arrives in Shanghai. 见前面练习。
1. I ______（finish）all my work before I ______ （leave）.
2. —How long _____ you _____（study）in our country? —I _____（plan）to be here for about
one more year.
3. —What ______ you ______（do）after you ______（leave）here? —I ______（return）
home and ______（get）a job.
4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother _____（give）her a present.
5. It is very cold these days. It ______（snow）soon.
6. —_____ you _____（be）here this Saturday? —No. I ______（visit）my teacher.
7. —______ I ______（get）you a copy of today’s newspaper? —Thank you.
8. I am afraid there ______（be）a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.
9. Mike ______（believe, not）this until he ______（see）it with his own eyes.
10. Most of us don’t think their team ______（win）.
（ ）1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.
A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going tobe D. will go to be （ ）2. Charlie ________ here next month.
A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work
（ ）3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.
A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be
（ ）4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.
A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be
（ ）5. –________ you ________ free tomorrow?
– No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.
A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will
C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be
（ ）6. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.
A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give
（ ）7. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________. （不，不要。）
A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t D. No, please.
（ ）8. – Where is the morning paper? – I ________ if for you at once. （立刻，马上）
A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get
（ ）9. ________ a concert next Saturday?
A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are
( )10. If they come, we ________ a meeting.
A. have B. will have C. had D. would have
( )11. He ________ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.
A. gives B. gave C. will giving D. is going to giving
（ ）12. He ________ to us as soon as he gets there.
A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote
（ ）13. He ________ in three days.
A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back
（ ）14. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.
A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine
（ ）15. – Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow?
– No, ________ （不去）.
A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.
（ ）16. Who ________ we ________ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?
A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go
( )17. We ________ the work this way next time.
A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing
( )18. Tomorrow he ________ a kite in the open air first, and then ________ boating in the park.
A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go
( )19. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.
A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch
( )20. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.
A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be
( )21. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.
A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have
( )22. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?
A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be
( )23. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.
A. will B. is C. will be D. be
( ) 24. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?
A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow
C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows
( ) 25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon? –________ （好的）.
Yes, please B. Yes, you will. C. No, please. D. No, you won’t.
( ) 26. It ________ the year of the horse next year.
A. is going to be B. is going to C. will be D. will is
( ) 27. ________ open the window?
A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you
( ) 28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we?
– OK. I ________.
A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming
( ) 29. It ________ us a long time to learn English well.
A. takes B. will take C. spends D. will spend
( ) 30. The train ________ at 11.
A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving
1. People in the north often go skating in winter. （next winter）
2. There are two cinemas in that town. （next year）
3. He comes back late.（in two days）
4.She is a doctor of a train.（soon）
1.Yesterday I_________ a film.(电影)
2.We_________ a good time in the Summer Palace next Sunday.
3.Don't forget ________ the window when you leave the room.
4.Why not__________ to the park with me tomorrow?
5.My mother asked me _________ the room.
----Oh, she _________ in the kitchen.(厨房)
7. I would like ___________ in the supermarket
1.My uncle_________ in this city two years ago
2.She_________ football now
3.There_________ a meeting tomorrow.
4.They_________ letters the whole morning. They didn't have a rest.
5.Look! The children________ in the park. 6.Stop _________ , “class begins now." The teacher says. All the students stop ________ the teacher.