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一般将来时态

发布时间:2014-01-29 10:43:43  

一般将来时态

表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态,句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天),in + 一段时间(在...之后),in the future(将来),tonight等。

一、基本类型:

1.主语+be (am, is, are)going to + do

2主语+will+ do. I /We+shall+do

例如:I'm going to play football this afternoon;

They will go to visit the factory tomorrow;

We shall go abroad to study further soon.

二、否定句:

1.主语+be (am, is, are)not going to + do

2.主语+will not(won’t)+ do. I /We+shall not(shan’t)+do

例如:I'm not going to play football this afternoon;

They will not go to visit the factory tomorrow;

三、一般疑问句:be或will或shall提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

1. Be (am, is, are)+主语+going to + do

2. Will+主语+ do.

3. Shall+ I /We+do

例如:Are you going to play football this afternoon?

四、特殊疑问句:

1.对主语提问:疑问词who+be going to do/will do

I'm going to play football this afternoon →Who’s going to play football this afternoon?

2.对其他成分提问:疑问词+be+主语+ going to do;疑问词+will+主语+do

I'm going to play football this afternoon→What are you going to do this afternoon? They will go to visit the factory tomorrow→When will you go to visit the factory?

五、be going to do 和will do的区别:

be going to和will的用法虽然都表示将来发生动作或情况,但它们的用法是有区别的。

(1)be going to主要用于: a、表示主观上打算、安排、计划要做的事情。 What are you going to do today? 今天你们打算(计划)做什么?

Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon.今天下午我和爸爸打算(计 划)去看歌剧。 There is going to be a meeting tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午将有一场会议。

b、表示根据目前某种迹象客观判断,某事将要发生。 Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain.瞧!乌云密集,天要下雨。

I am afraid I am going to have a cold.恐怕我要患重感冒。

(2)will主要用于在以下几个方面: a. 表示有礼貌地询问对方是否愿意或表示客气的邀请或命令时。 Will you please lend me your bike? b. 表示意愿 We will help him if he asks us. c. 表示单纯的将来,“将要”。 The sun will rise at 6:30 tomorrow morning. He will be thirty years old this time next year.

六、一般将来时的其他用法:

1.用现在进行时(be+doing)表示将来。例如:瞬间动词go, come, leave, arrive, start, begin等。现在进行时 be doing”的结构来表示在最近计划或安排将要进行的动作, 有“意图” 或“打算”的含义.通常与表未来时间的状语连用。

1. I am visiting him tomorrow. 我明天要去拜访他。

2. He is leaving for Italy in three days. 他三天后要出发去意大利。

3. Are they coming this afternoon? 他们今天下午会来吗?

例如:

1. I ______(leave)in a minute.

2. WangXiaoya,the famous reporter,__________ hiking in Mount Tai next month.

A. are going B. is going C. goes D. go

3.What __________ your parents __________ for vacation?

A. did, did B. does, do

C. are, doing D. is, doing

2.要注意“主将从现”这一语法现象:

1).if (如果)的条件状语从句:If it doesn’t rain this afternoon, we’ll have a football match.

2).时间状语从句:as soon as (一....就...),when(当...时候),before,after,until(直到 not..until直到...才) , unless(=not...if 除非)... I’ll tell you the news as soon as you come back. Tom will write to me after(when) he arrives in Shanghai. 见前面练习。

初中英语动词的一般将来时态练习

一、用所给动词的一般将来时填空

1. I ______(finish)all my work before I ______ (leave).

2. —How long _____ you _____(study)in our country? —I _____(plan)to be here for about

one more year.

3. —What ______ you ______(do)after you ______(leave)here? —I ______(return)

home and ______(get)a job.

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother _____(give)her a present.

5. It is very cold these days. It ______(snow)soon.

6. —_____ you _____(be)here this Saturday? —No. I ______(visit)my teacher.

7. —______ I ______(get)you a copy of today’s newspaper? —Thank you.

8. I am afraid there ______(be)a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.

9. Mike ______(believe, not)this until he ______(see)it with his own eyes.

10. Most of us don’t think their team ______(win).

二、单项选择

( )1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going tobe D. will go to be ( )2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

( )3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

( )4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be

( )5. –________ you ________ free tomorrow?

– No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will

C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be

( )6. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give

( )7. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________. (不,不要。)

A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t D. No, please.

( )8. – Where is the morning paper? – I ________ if for you at once. (立刻,马上)

A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get

( )9. ________ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

( )10. If they come, we ________ a meeting.

A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

( )11. He ________ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.

A. gives B. gave C. will giving D. is going to giving

( )12. He ________ to us as soon as he gets there.

A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote

( )13. He ________ in three days.

A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back

( )14. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.

A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine

( )15. – Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow?

– No, ________ (不去).

A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.

( )16. Who ________ we ________ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?

A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go

( )17. We ________ the work this way next time.

A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing

( )18. Tomorrow he ________ a kite in the open air first, and then ________ boating in the park.

A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go

( )19. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.

A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch

( )20. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.

A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be

( )21. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.

A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have

( )22. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?

A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be

( )23. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.

A. will B. is C. will be D. be

( ) 24. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?

A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow

C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows

( ) 25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon? –________ (好的).

Yes, please B. Yes, you will. C. No, please. D. No, you won’t.

( ) 26. It ________ the year of the horse next year.

A. is going to be B. is going to C. will be D. will is

( ) 27. ________ open the window?

A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you

( ) 28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we?

– OK. I ________.

A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming

( ) 29. It ________ us a long time to learn English well.

A. takes B. will take C. spends D. will spend

( ) 30. The train ________ at 11.

A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving

三、句型转换:

1. People in the north often go skating in winter. (next winter)

否定句:

2. There are two cinemas in that town. (next year)

一般疑问句

肯定回答

3. He comes back late.(in two days)

划线提问:

4.She is a doctor of a train.(soon)

1.Yesterday I_________ a film.(电影)

2.We_________ a good time in the Summer Palace next Sunday.

3.Don't forget ________ the window when you leave the room.

4.Why not__________ to the park with me tomorrow?

5.My mother asked me _________ the room.

6.----Where’s Mum?

----Oh, she _________ in the kitchen.(厨房)

7. I would like ___________ in the supermarket

C:

1.My uncle_________ in this city two years ago

2.She_________ football now

3.There_________ a meeting tomorrow.

4.They_________ letters the whole morning. They didn't have a rest.

5.Look! The children________ in the park. 6.Stop _________ , “class begins now." The teacher says. All the students stop ________ the teacher.

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