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4.朗读技巧

发布时间:2014-01-29 13:55:17  

在连贯地说话或朗读时,在同一个 意群(即短语或从句)中,如果相邻的两 个词前者以辅音音素结尾,后者以元音 音素开头,就要自然地将辅音和元音相 拼,构成一个音节,这就是连读。连读 时的音节一般不重读,只需顺其自然地 一带而过,不可以加音,也不可以读得 太重。

以下几种情况常要连读 1.(词末)辅音+(词首)元音 It is an old book. ︶︶ Let me have a look at it. ︶ ︶ 2.(词末)r/re+(词首)元音

Here are four eggs. ︶ ︶ I looked for it here and there. ︶ ︶





3.(词末)辅音+(词首)半元音
? 英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前
一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元 音(特别是/j/)开头,此时也要连读。 ? Thank you. ? Nice to meet you

【模仿朗读】

模仿朗读下面语篇,注意体会连读。

︶ ︶ with most of the perils of construction. Today, ︶ in the U.S. are assembled by crews buildings ︶ ︶ working under strict safety guidelines set by
federal government. This is still a dangerous

Lawsuits and economists have done away

︶ business but fatalities are rare. Cranes are the ︶ construction ︶site. key machines on a modern ︶︶

They come in all sizes. Some are on the ︶ ︶ ground, some are in the air. By ︶ ︶ providing constructors with the ability
to life heavy loads and place them with precision, cranes make it possible to ︶ build massive structures in record time. ︶

1.爆破音+爆破音
? 爆破音:/p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/,/g/ ? 前一个爆破音失去爆破。 ? 方法:前一个爆破音只作发音的姿势,刚要
发出时, 立即发出第二个爆破音。如: ? bla (ck) board, foo (t) ball, ke (p) t ? He has a ba(d) col(d) today.

? 爆破音是指发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,然
后气流冲破阻碍而发出的音。 ? 但在某些情况下,发爆破音时,气流不必冲破 阻碍,而只是发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,并 稍做停顿,(也就是说,做好要发出这个爆破音 的准备,但不要发出音来),这样的发音过程叫 作"不完全爆破"。

2.爆破+摩檫音/破檫音

摩擦音:/f/,/v/,/s/,/z/,/θ/, /e /, /?/,/?/,/r/, /h/

破擦音:/t?/, /d?/, /tr/, /dr/, /ts/, /dz/前一个爆破音不完全爆破。

? 方法: 对于前一个爆破音,做好发音姿势,
刚发出时,立即过渡到第二个摩擦音或破擦 音上去。如:

? Kee(p) silent, a goo(d) zoo, nigh(t)
show, ge(t) through

? Have you rea(d) the book abou(t)
tha(t) child?

? 3.爆破音+鼻辅音或舌边音 ? 鼻辅音:/m/, /n/ ? 舌边音:/l/ ? 当一个爆破音后面紧跟着一个鼻辅音或舌边
音时,前面的爆破音也产生不完全爆破现象。 如: ? Goo(d) morning, sir. ? They are very frien(d)ly to us.

【模仿朗读】 Withou(t) the ocean’s stable temperatures an(d) physical support, creatures’ bo

dies an(d) behaviors ha(d) to alter radically. They were like aliens in another world. The nu(d)-skippers is a modern-day equivalent of those early lan(d)lubbers. It’s a fish out of water tha(t) solve(d) the pro(b)lem by walking on its fins and having sealed-up gill slits. Water available became the crucial key to survial. Wha(t) land animals needed was new ways to conserve it insi(d)e their bodies.

一般规则:实词重读,虚词不重读。 (1)名词、动词、数词、形容词、 副词是实词,一般要重读。

(2)冠词、介词、连词、助动词是 虚词,一般不重读。

(3)大多数代词不重读,但指示代词和
疑问代词要重读。 例如:Janet has gone to school.

He is a tall young man with blue eyes.
Who came to see me this evening?

注意:在某些情况下,不重读的 虚词也可以重读。

(1)要特别强调的虚词; (2)助动词及be动词置句首、否定 式以及在作简略回答时;

? (3)介词(to除外)在句尾 ? 例如: ? Would you like a glass of beer? ? What is he waiting for? ? Who is coming? — I am.

【模仿朗读】In this day and age, facts, statistics and other numbers are used to prove EVERYTHING. Intuition, gut feelings and personal preferences are all OUT THE DOOR. Of course, there ARE some who are trying to battle this trend. Recently, Malcolm Gladwell wrote BLINK, a best-seller which explores the USEFULNESS of making SPLIT-SECOND DECISIONS based on INTUITION rather than careful consideration of all the facts and figures.

? In his book, Gladwell argues that

INITIAL IMPRESSIONS - or GUTFEELINGS - are quite rational. However, that this "split-second" thinking process moves FASTER than what we usually associate with thinking. If YOU are one of these people - and there are MANY of us - Blink provides "PROOF" that you're actually quite a RATIONAL HUMAN BEING.

基本语调:升调(↗)
降调(↘) 升降调(∧)

降升调(∨)
平调(→)

语调的用法: 1.升调:主要用于一般疑问句,带有 疑问语气;也可用于祈使句,表示委 婉、客气;或用于陈述句,表示疑问, 不肯定或不耐烦等。如: Can you come to us for lunch?↗ You know her?↗ So long(再见)!↗

2.降调:主要用于陈述句、特殊疑 问句、祈使句(表命令)、感叹句。 如: The birds are singing in the ↘ trees. Tell me all about ↘it. When shall I give you the↘ book? Leave the book one the ↘desk. What a beautiful↘ picture!

3.前升后降调:主要用于: (1)选择疑问句。如: Which do you prefer, tea↗ or coffee? ↘ (2)以状语或状语从句开头的句子。如: In my opinion,↗he is perfectly right.↘ (3)计数或列举。如: One,↗two, ↗three↗ and four.↘ I want a pen,↗ a ruler ↗and some paper.↘ (以 and 相连的几个并列的词或短语, and 前面的都读升调,其后的读降调)

? 4.前降后升:主要用于带

有疑问语气的反
意疑问句。如: ? You haven’t finished it,↘have you?↗ ? 如果反意疑问句中,疑问的成分很少,则 用降降调。如: ? It’s a nice day, ↘isn’t it?↘

【模仿朗读】 模仿朗读下列句子,注意语调的 正确把握。 1)I beg your pardon.↗ 2)You speak English,↘ don’t you?↗ 3)Please stand in the line.↘ 4)She’s got a stomachache,↗a sore throat,↗and a temperature.↘

? 5)This is the machanical age: a streamstriven revolution.↘

? 6)Do you prefer to take a walk↗ or stay at
home?↘

? 7)When they were twenty three,↗ they

both got married ↗and a year later↗ both had sons.↘

在朗读长句子的时候,要使朗读流 畅、自然,常常需要停顿。但停顿 不是随意的,只能在意群之间进行。 句子可以按照它的意思和语法结构 分成小段,这样的小段就叫意群。 意群可以是一个词,一个短语,也 可以是并列句中的一个分句或复合 句中的一个主、从句等。

? 如下面的句子可以这样划分意群: ? (1)Tonny only walks a few steps/from his
office/to the place/where his wife works.

? (2)When I leave Beijing∕I will leave∕ with
very fond memories∕of the city and its people∕and with an increased knowledge of China.

【模仿朗读】模仿朗读下列短文,注意意 群停顿。 Geroge is a young man. He does not have a wife, ∕but he has a very big dog∕—and he has a very small car too. He likes playing tennis. Last Monday∕ he played tennis∕for an hour∕ at his club, and then he ran out∕ and jumped into a car. His dog came after him,∕ but did not jump into the same car;∕ it jumped into the next one.

“come here, silly dog!” George shouted at it/but the dog stayed in the other car. George put his key/into the lock of the car,/but the key did not turn. Then he looked at the car again. It was not his! He was on the wrong car! And the dog/was in the right one! “He’s sitting and laughing at me!”George said angrily. But then he smiled/and got into his car/with the dog.

专项训练题一: Hong Kong, a city of seven million. And growing fast. It is bursting at the seams. By the year 2050, Hong Kong's population will almost double. Where will these people live? Other cities face the same problem.

Tokyo, Shanghai, New York. By the middle of the century, all may be unbearably crowded. If they keep growing we'll need 15 new cities a year, each housing 12 million people. That is 15 new Los Angeleses every year for 50 years. But there's simply no room left for that kind of urban sprawl. There is only one place to go. Up, fast forward 50 years.

专项训练题二: Today's tallest skyscrapers are just over 1400 feet high. Would it be impossible to build one twice as high? The largest bridges in the world today are around a mile long. Is it impossible to construct one nine miles long, connecting Europe and Africa? The largest

ships in the world today are super tankers and aircraft carriers.

But a ship five times their size, impossible. Or is it? In fact, all of these projects are already on the drawing boards. If built, they would be engineering achievements of historic proportions. Could they really be built? And could they withstand the worst that nature could throw at them? Engineering the impossible.

专项训练题三: In the remote southwest corner of China, a celebration is about to take place. Dai people collect water for the most important festival of their year. The Dai call themselves as the people of water. By bringing the river water to temple, they honor the two things holiest to them. Buddhism and their home.

The Dai give thanks for the rivers and fertile land which nurture their culture. Though to some it might seem just an excuse for the biggest water fight of all lime. Dai lives are changing as towns get bigger and modernize, but the water splashing festival is still celebrated by all.

专项训练题四: The power of the sun drives the seasons, transforming our planet. Vast movements of ocean and air currents bring dramatic change throughout the year. And in a few special places, these seasonal changes create some of the greatest wildlife spectacles on Earth. Here in the Arctic each summer, the sun begins to melt the winter ice.

Nearly three million square miles of ice will disappear, opening up a narrow window of opportunity for millions of animals. For many, it's their best chance to feed and breed. But for polar bears, it's the hardest time of the year. They have to survive the greatest seasonal change on the planet.


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