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动词变化表

发布时间:2014-01-29 14:54:28  

动词变化表

原形 三单 现进时 过去式 词义 过去式读音 Is/am is was 是 Are is were 是

Beat beats beating beat 击败/打击 Become becomes becoming became 变成 Begin begins beginning began 开始 Blow blows blowing blew 吹 Break breaks breaking broke 打破 Bring brings Build builds Buy buys Can can Catch catches Choose chooses Come comes Cost costs Cut cuts Dig digs Do does Draw draws Drink drinks Drive drives Eat eats Fall falls Feel feels Find finds Fly flies Forget forgets Get gets Give gives Go goes Grow grows Hang hangs Have has Hear hears Hide hides Hit hits Hold holds Hurt hurts Keep keeps Know knows Lay lays 原形 三单 bringing building buying catching choosing coming costing cutting digging doing drawing drinking driving eating falling feeling finding flying getting giving going growing hanging having hearing hiding hitting holding keeping knowing laying 现进时 brought built bought could caught chose came cost cut dug did drew drank drove ate fell felt found flew forgot got gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knew laid 过去式 带来 建造 买 能 抓住 选择 来 花费 砍/割 挖 做 画 喝 驾驶 吃 落下/掉 感觉 找 飞 忘记 获得 给 去 种植 悬挂 有 听 藏 碰撞 拿着 受伤 保持 知道 躺

词义 过去式读音

Learn learns learning learnt /leaned 学习 Leave leaves leaving left 离开 Lend lends lending lent 借出 Let lets letting let 让 Lie lies lay 说谎 Lose loses losing lost 丢失 Make makes making made 制作 May may might 可能 Mean means meaning meant 意思 Meet meets meeting met 会见 Put puts putting put 放 Read reads reading read 阅读 Ride rides riding rode 骑

Ring rings ringing rang 响铃 Rise rises rising rose 升起 Run runs running ran 跑 Say says saying said 说 See sees seeing saw 看 Sell sells selling sold 卖 Send sends sending sent 发送 Shall should 必须 Show shows showing showed 展示 Sing sings singing sang 唱 Sit sits sitting sat 坐 Sleep sleeps sleeping slept 睡觉 Smell smells smelling smelt /smelled 闻 Speak speaks speaking spoke 说话 Spend spends spending spent 花费(时间) Stand stands standing stood 站 Swim swims swimming swam 游泳 Take takes taking took 拿/取 Teach teaches teaching taught 教 Tell tells telling told 告诉 Think thinks thinking thought 想/思考 Throw throws throwing threw 扔 Understand understands understanding understood 明白 Wake wakes waking waked /woke 叫醒 Will will would 将会 Win wins winning won 赢得 Write writes writing wrote 写 Wear wears wearing wore 穿 备注:以后还会学到一种过去分词,现在进行时也被叫做现在分词。

小学毕业总复习单词表——动词形式

动词原形

动词ing形式

动词第三人称单数

动词过去式

做do

doing

does

did

do homework 做作业 do housework 做家务 do the dishes 洗碗碟 do an experiment 做实验 do morning exercises 做早操

看 watch

watching

watches

watched

watch TV 看电视 watch insects 观察昆虫

游泳swim

swimming

swims

swam

滑冰 skate

skating

skates

skated

飞 fly

flying

flies

flew

fly a kite (fly kites) 放风筝

跳 jump

jumping

jumps

jumped

走 walk

walking

walks

walked

跑 run

running

runs

ran

爬 climb

climbing

climbs

climbed

climb mountains 爬山 climb trees 爬树 打架 fight

fighting

fights

fought

荡 swing

swinging

swings

swung

睡觉 sleep

sleeping

sleeps

slept

居住 live

living

lives

lived

教 teach

teaching

teaches

taught

学习 study

studying

studies

studied

study in the school 在学校学习

学习 learn

learning

learns

learned

learn English 学习英语 learn Chinese 学中文 唱歌 sing

singing

sings

sang

跳舞 dance

dancing

dances

danced

吃 eat

eating

eats

ate

eat breakfast 吃早餐 eat lunch 吃午饭 eat dinner 吃晚饭

eat good food 吃好东西

读书 read

reading

reads

read

read a book (read books) 读书 read a magazine 读杂志

read newspapers 看报纸

买 buy

buying

buys

bought

buy presents 买礼物

划 row

rowing

rows

rowed

row a boat划船

看 see

seeing

sees

saw

see elephants 看大象 see animals 看动物

探望、参观

visiting

visits

visited

visit

visit grandparents 看望外祖母 visit the Great Wall 参观长城

动词原形

动词ing形式

动词第三人称单数

动词过去式

浇水 water

watering

waters

watered

water the flowers 浇花

have

having

has

had

have a picnic 举行野餐 have English class 上英语课 have a match 比赛 fever,sore throat)

玩 play have a cold (toothache ,

playing

plays

played

play sports 进行体育运动 play football 踢足球 play basketball 打篮球

play the violin 拉小提琴 play the piano 弹钢琴 play chess 下棋 play computer games 玩电子游戏机

种植 plant

planting

plants

planted

plant trees 种树 plant flowers 种花

画画 draw

drawing

draws

drew

draw pictures

take

taking

takes

took

take pictures (photos) 照相 take a trip 去旅行 take off 脱下

写 write

writing

writes

wrote

wite a report 写报告 write a letter (单数) write letters(复数)写信

写邮件:write an e-mail (单数) write e-mails (复数)

数 count

counting

counts

counted

count insects 数昆虫

收集 collect

collecting

collects

collected

collect insects 收集昆虫 collect stamps 集邮 collect leaves 收集树叶

摘 pick

picking

picks

picked

pick up leaves 采摘树叶

捉 catch

catching

catches

caught

catch butterflies 捉蝴蝶

骑 ride

riding

rides

rode

ride a bike 骑自行车 ride a horse 骑马

制作 make

making

makes

made

make a kite (make kites) 做风筝 make a snowman 堆雪人make the bed 铺床 get

getting

gets

got

get up 起床 get on 上车 get off 下车 get to 到达

去 go

going

goes

went

go to school 上学 go home 回家 go to bed 睡觉 go hiking 去远足 go to the cinema 去看电影 go straight 直走 go skiing 去滑雪 go to work 去上班 go on a big trip 去旅行 go back

go shopping 买东西 go ice-skating 去滑冰 go on a big trip 去旅行 煮 cook

cooking

cooks

cooked

做饭 cook the meals (cook dinner)

喝 drink

drinking

drinks

drank

喝水 drink water dring juice 喝果汁

动词原形

动词ing形式

动词第三人称单数

动词过去式

打扫 sweep

sweeping

sweeps

swept

sweep the floor 扫地

清洁 clean

cleaning

cleans

cleaned

打扫房间 clean the room clean the window

set

setting

sets

set

摆饭桌 set the table

洗 wash

washing

washes

washed

洗衣服 wash the clothes

用 use

using

uses

used

用电脑 use a computer

放 put

putting

puts

put

收拾衣服 put away the clothes put on the clothes穿上衣服 答 answer

answering

answers

answered

听listen

listening

listens

listened

听音乐 listen to music 听我 listen to me

清空 empty

emptying

empties

emptied

倒垃圾 empty the trash

工作work

working

works

worked

在…工作 work in (the school, the hospital , the factory)

来come

coming

comes

came

come back 回来

不规则动词过去式和过去分词

A. 原型,过去式, 和 过去分词 完全不同

drink---drank----drunk ring----rang-----rung swim----swam----swum sing----sang----sung

sink----sank----sunk blow----blew----blown grow----grew----grown know---knew---known

fly ----flew----flown take----took----taken shake----shook----shaken drive----drove----driven

write---wrote---written rise---rose---risen ride----rode----ridden speak----spoke----spoken

steal----stole----stolen break----broke----broken wake----woke----woken freeze----froze----frozen forget----forgot----forgotten choose----chose----chosen draw----drew----drawn eat----ate----eaten fall----fell----fallen give----gave----given hide----hid----hidden see----saw----seen

do----did----done

B. 过去式与过去分词完全相同

bright----brought----brought think----thought----thought fight----fought----fought buy----bought----bought catch----caught----caught sell----sold----sold tell----told----told say----said----said

pay----paid----paid send----sent----sent lend----lent----lent spend----spent----spent

burn----burnt----burnt learn----learnt----learnt mean----meant----meant feel----felt----felt

smell----smelt----smelt sleep----slept----slept sweep---slept----slept leave----left----left

build----built----built lose----lost----lost get----got----got meet----met----met

sit----sat----sat shoot----shot----shot lead----led----led spit----spat----spat

have----had----had hold----held----held make----made----made stand----stood---stood

hear----heard----heard find----found----found dig----dug----dug shine----shone----shone

understand----understood----understood win----won----won

C.原型与过去分词相同

come----came----come run----ran----run become----became----become

D.原形与过去式和过去分词完全相同

cast----cast----cast cut----cut----cut put----put----put let----let----let set----set----set

hit----hit----hit shut----shut----shut

hang----hung----hung 吊,挂 lie---lied---lied 说谎 lie---lay---lain 躺下,位于,平放

hanged----hanged 处绞刑 lay---laid---laid 置放。

动词 过去式

be (am\ is) was

are were

come came

go went

do (does) did

fly flew

draw drew

make made sing sang have (has) had eat ate drink drank put put let let read read can could see

meet

get

forget

take

can

may

shall

will

know

begin

bend

build

spend

mean

learn

buy

think

teach

catch

sleep

sweep

keep

speak

ride

feel

leave

give

run

ring

sit

swim

say

stand

tell saw met got forgot took could might should would knew began bent built spent meant learnt learned bought thought taught caught slept swept kept spoke rode felt left gave ran rang sat swam said stood told

throw threw

win won

write wrote

不规则动词的过去式的构成

1.把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。如:

begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam

2.把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式。如:drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote

3.改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式。如:

draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed)

4.动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。如:get—got,forget—forgot

5.动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式。如:feed—fed,meet—met

6.动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式。如:keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept

7.动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式。如:break—broke,speak—spoke

8.动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式。如:sell—sold,tell—told

9.动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式。如:stand—stood,understand—understood

10.以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式。如:

bring—brought,buy— bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught

11.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。如:can—could,shall—should,will—would

12.把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式。如:come—came,become—became

13.在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:

hear〔hi 〕—heard〔h :d〕, say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕

14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕

15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如:

am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,go—went,have /has— had,hold—held,leave—left,make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take—took

不规则动词过去式和过去分词巧记方法

动词的过去式和过去分词是初中英语教学中的重点,而有些动词的不规则变化是这些重点中的难点,但这些不规则变化也不是毫无规律可循的。现将初中英语中一些常用的不规则动词变化介绍如下。

一、原形、过去式和过去分词的词形和读音都相同的单词,结尾字母一般是t或d。如:

cut-cut-cut, hit-hit-hit, put-put-put, cost-cost-cost, let-let-let, shut-shut-shut, set-set-set, hurt-hurt-hurt, spread-spread-spread

特殊:动词read的过去式和过去分词虽然词形与原形一致,read-read-read,但发音分别是

[ri:d]-[red]-[red]。

二、有些动词的过去分词与原形是一样的。如:

come-came-come, become-became-become, run-ran-run, overcome-overcame-overcome

三、有些动词的过去式和过去分词相同。如:

1. 把单词结尾的字母d改为t。如:lend-lent-lent, spend-spent-spent, send-sent-sent

2. 改变单词中间元音字母。如:

sit-sat-sat, win-won-won, shine-shone-shone, hold-held-held

3. 以eep结尾的动词,把eep改为ept。如:

keep-kept-kept, sleep-slept-slept, sweep-swept-swept

4. 过去式和过去分词都以augh或ough结尾的动词。如:

buy-bought-bought, fight-fought-fought, think-thought-thought, bring-brought-brought, teach-taught-taught, catch-caught-caught

5. 有的以ay结尾的动词,在过去式和过去分词中把ay变成aid。如:

say-said-said, lay-laid-laid, pay-paid-paid

6. 另有一些其它形式的变化。如:have-had-had, learn-learnt-learnt, leave-left-left, lose-lost-lost, make-made-made, meet-met-met, feel-felt-felt

四、有些动词原形中含有字母i,在过去式中变i为a,在过去分词中变i为u。如:

五、以字母ow或aw结尾的动词,在变成过去式时,通常把元音字母变成e,在变成过去分词时,通常只在词尾加n。如:

blow- blew- blown, draw-drew-drawn, grow-grew-grown, throw-threw-thrown, know-knew-known

六、有些动词的过去分词是在原形词尾加n或en,变成以en结尾的单词。如:

rise-rose-risen, give-gave-given, take-took-taken, fall-fell-fallen, drive-drove-driven, eat-ate-eaten 特殊: write-wrote-written, speak-spoke-spoken, ride-rode-ridden, get-got-gotten

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