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直接引语变间接引语练习题

发布时间:2014-01-29 16:56:32  

直接引语变间接引语练习题

1.He said: “I’ve left my book in my room.”

2.She said: “He will be busy.”

3.She said to Tom, “Can you help me?”

4.She asked, “Is this book yours or his?”

5.The teacher asked, “how did you repair it?”

6.The teacher said to the students, “Don’t waste your time.”

7.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.”

8.The teacher said, “The earth goes round the sun.”

9.My father said, “Practice makes perfect.”

10.The boy said to us, “ I usually get up at six every day.”

11.He said, “We are still students.’

12.He said to me, “I was born in 1978.”

13.The engineer said, “I was at college in 1967.”

14.He said, “I have studied English since I was a boy.”

15.She said, “I read the book while I was waiting for a bus.

16.Mr. Green said to them, “Joe told me all about his story when he asked for a job.”

17.He said, “We insisted that she start immediately.

18.She said, “He demanded that the girl leave at once.”

19.I said to him, “I have finished it.”

20.She said to us,“ I’ll come here tomorrow.”

21.“Where does your chemistry teacher live, Karen?” the young man asked.

22.“I have gained the first place in the mathematics competition,” the little boy said happily.

23.“Light travels faster than sound,” the physics teacher said to the boys and girls.

24.“Will you go to the concert with me this evening?” Mary asked me.

25.“What did you do here yesterday?” the old man asked my brother.

直接引语变间接引语专练题(二)

Ⅰ.单项选择

1. He asked ________ for the computer.

A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much

C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid

2. “Have you seen the film?” he asked me. →He asked me _______.

A. had I seen the film B. have I seen the film

C. if I have seen the film D. whether I had seen the film

3. “Please close the window,” he said to me.

→He ______ me _____ the window.

A. said to; to close B. told to; closing

C. asked ; to close D. said to; please close

4. “I am a teacher,” Jack said. →He said _________.

A. that I am a teacher B. I was a teacher

C. that he is a teacher D. he was a teacher

5. He said, “Mother, the boy is very naughty.” →He _____- very naughty.

A. said his mother that the boy was

B. said to his mother that the boy is

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C. told his mother that the boy was

D. spoke to his mother that the boy was

6. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked.

→She asked ________.

A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you

B. whether I had already got well

C. have I already got well D. had I already got well.

7. He asked, “Are you a Party member or a League member?” →He asked me _________.

A. am I a Party member or a League member

B. was I a Party member or a League member

C. if I was a Party member or a League member

D. whether was I a Party member or a League member.

8. He asked, “How are you getting along?” →He asked _______.

A. how am I getting along B. how are you getting along

C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along

9. He asked me ________ with me.

A. what the matter is B. what the mater was

C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter

10. He said, “Don’t do that again.” He _____ me _______ that again.

A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don’t do

C. told me; don’t do D. told me; not to do

附答案:

1. He told me that he had left his book in his room.

2. She said that he would be busy.

3. She asked Tom if /whether he could help her.

4. She asked me whether that book was mine or his.

5. The teacher asked me how I had repaired it.

6. The teacher told the students not to waste their time.

7. The mother asked Tom to get up early.

8. The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

9. My father said practice makes perfect.

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10. The boy told us he usually gets up at six every day.

11. He said they are still students.

12. He told me that he was born in 1978.

13. The engineer said he was at college in 1967.

14. He said he had studied English since he was a boy.

15. She said she had read the book while she was waiting for a bus.

16. Mr. Green told them Joe had told him all about his story when he asked for a job.

17. He said they (had) insisted that she start immediately.

18. She said he demanded that the girl leave at once.

19. I told him I had finished it.

20. She told us she would come here tomorrow

21. The young man asked Karen where her chemistry teacher lived.

22. The little boy said happily that he had gained the first place in the mathematics competition.

23. The physics teacher told the boys and girls that light travels faster than sound.

24. Mary asked me if / whether I would go to the concert with her that evening.

25. The old man asked my brother what he had done there the day before.

答案与简析:

D 宾语从句要用陈述句语序。 2. D 一般疑问句要变成whether或if引导的宾语从句. 3. C 直接引语为祈使句, 变间接引语时, 主句中的谓语动词往往根据直接引语的口气换用ask (请求), tell (告诉), order (命令), invite (邀请), warn (警告), advise (建议)等, 而直接引语中的谓语动词要变成动词不等式。即ask/tell/order/invite/warn/advise sb. (not) to do sth. 4. D直接引语为陈述句, 变间接引语时用that引导(口语中常省略)。 5. C 6. B反意疑问句要变成whether或if引导的宾语从句。7. C 选择疑问句要变成whether或if引导的宾语从句。8. C直接引语为特殊疑问句, 变间接引语时, 用特殊疑问词引导, 并将疑问句语序变为陈述句语序。9. D注意时态的一致。What作主语,the matter(=wrong)作表语。10. D直接引语为祈使句, 变间接引语时, 主句中的谓语动词往往根据直接引语的口气换用。.

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