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九年级Unit 1

发布时间:2014-01-30 11:46:51  

Unit 1

How do you study for a test?

Section A

How do you come to school?

How do you study English?

by listening to tapes

How do you study English?

by working with friends

How do you study English?

by surfing the Internet

How do you study English?

by asking the foreign teacher for help

How do you study English?

by making flashcards

How do you study English?

by watching English movies

How do you study English?

by reading the textbook

1b How do these students study for a test?

1. Mei

2. Pierre

3. Antonio

I learn English …
? by having the English class carefully . ? by taking notes carefully . ? by finishing my homework seriously .

? I learn English by listening to cassettes. ? by asking the teacher for help. ? by reading English magazines and newspapers . ? By taking part in English classes after school . ? By getting an English tutor.

? I learn by studying with a group. ? By watching English programs on TV. ? By enjoying English songs. ? By surfing the internet. (网上冲浪) ? By making flashcards. (制作单词认 读卡片) ? By reading the textbook. (读教科书)
By making vocabulary lists.(列单词表)

Explanation
1.by 的用法 介词, 表示通过…方法或途径的意思, 译成“靠, 通过”, 后面可加名词或名 词短语。 e.g. 1) The house was destroyed by fire. 房屋被火烧毁了。

2) travel by air /land/sea. 航空(陆路,航海)旅行 3) go by train /boat/ bus 乘火车(船,公共汽车)去 4) shake sb. by the hand 和某人握手 5) I study English by watching English movies. 我通过看英文电影学英语。

另外, by作为介词的意义有很多, 例如: 1)在…旁边,靠近 e.g. There is a power station by the river. 河边有一个电厂。 2)沿着,经由 e.g. come by the highway 由公路来 3)由于 e.g. by mistake 由于差错

4)被,由 e.g. I like reading articles written by Lu Xun 我喜欢看鲁迅写的文章 5)表示面积 e.g. a room 5m by 4m 一间长五米宽四米的房间 6)逐批 e.g. one by one 一个接一个

How do you study for a test? I study by working with a group.

Questions 1. Do you learn English by watching English-language videos? 2. 3. 4. Do You ever practice conversations with friends? What about listening to tapess? What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?

5.

Have you ever studied with a group?

aloud adj.出声的;高声的 pronunciation n.发音 adv.出声地;高声地

d 1. Do you learn English by watching

English-language videos? b 2.Do you ever practice conversations with friends? 3.What about listening to tapes? c 4.What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? a 5.Have you ever studied with a group?
a. Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. b.Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills. n.技能;技巧 c. I do that sometimes. I think it helps. d. No. It’s too hard to understand the voices.
n.说话声;声音

How do you study

for a test?

How do you learn English?

Do you learn English by --Yes, I do. reading aloud? Do you ever practice --Oh, yes. It improves conversations with friends? my speaking skills. Have you ever studied with a -- Yes, I have. I’ve group? learned a lot that way. by doing sth: 当你询问怎样做某事或告诉别人怎样做某事时,
常用此形式,表示“通过…方式、方法”或“借助某种手段”。

-- I study by listening to tapes. -- I learn by studying with a group.

How does he make a living? He lives by writing.
他怎样谋生呢?他以写作为生.

By working hard I made great progress this term.
通过刻苦努力,我在本学期取得了巨大的进步。

目标语言(Target Language)
1. How do you study for tests ?

你是怎样准备考试的?
Well , I study by working with my classmates.

哦,我和同学们一起学习。
2. Have you ever studied with a group ?

你曾经参加过学习小组吗?
Yes , I have . I’ve learned a lot that way .

是的,参加过。通过这种方式我学了许多。

目标语言(Target Language)
3. I don’t have a partner to practice English with . 我没有同伴可以练习英语。 Maybe you should join an English club. 或许,你应该参加一个英语俱乐部。

4. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciatio n? 大声朗读来练习发音怎么样? Why don’t you join an English language club ? 你为什么不参加一个英语俱乐部呢?

请诵读下面的目标句型:
How do you study English ? (运用特殊疑问句
I study by listening to tapes. (听录音带) I study by studying with a group. (和小组一起学习 I study by watching English programs on TV. (看英语电 视节目

I study by enjoying English songs. (听英文歌)
I study by finishing my homework seriously . (认真 完成作业) I study by taking part in English classes after school . (上课外英语班)

I study…
by getting an English tutor. (请英语家教) by reading English magazines and newspaper . (读英文杂志、报纸 by surfing the internet. (网上冲浪) by making flashcards. (制作单词认读卡片) by reading the textbook. (读教科书) by asking the teacher for help. (请教老师) by making vocabulary lists. (列单词表) by taking notes carefully . (认真记笔记) by having the English class carefully . (认真上课)

3a Read the article and complete the chart.

How do you learn best?

This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” specific adj. 明确的;详细而精确的 mem

orize(memorizing) v. 记忆;背诵 grammar n.语法;语法规则

Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. differently adv.不同地;有区别地 frustrate v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦
frustrating adj.令人沮丧的;令人失望的 quickly adv.快地;迅速地

Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.

add v.又说;继续说
get excited about

not at all 根本(不); 全然(不)
end up结束;告终

excited adj.激动的;兴奋的

对…感到兴奋

疑难解释
1. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle 他请求他母亲给他买一辆新自行车。 2. Many said they learnt by using English . 许多(学生)说他们通过使用英语来学习. Many在这里是代词,而不是形容词,意为 Many students. 例如: We can put away many of these plates . We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来,用不着这么多。

3. I felt frustrated at that time. 那时,我觉得很沮丧。

4. not at all 根本不,全然不
My brother did not like the scarf at all. 我弟弟一点儿都不喜欢着围巾。 not经常可以和助动词结合在一起, at all 则放在句尾

5. get excited
变得兴奋起来 的含义 get + adj 生气 变得清楚

get是系动词,有“逐渐变得”

The long journey got the children all tired. 长途旅行使得孩子们疲惫不堪。

6. end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做 某事 后面加动名词短语 相当于finish doing sth . 但要注意与stop doing sth 的区别 eg. We had to stop singing because someb ody knocked at the door. 另外,end up with … 以…结束
The party ended up with her singing.

晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

1. How do you… for…? by +doing
---How do you study for a test? ---I study by making flashcards.
▲ how表示手段方法,意思是“如何,怎样;用什么样的方法 (手段)” ▲ “by + 动名词”常常表示手段、方式或方法,可以用来回答 “how”引导的特殊疑问句。

2. It’s too hard to understand the voices.
▲ “too + 形容词/副词 + to + 动词原形”结构,意为“太…… 而不能……”,该句型用于肯定句,但表示否定的意义。 ---He is too young to go to school. 他太小了,不能去上学。 ---It’s too late to catch the bus. 太迟了,赶不上公共汽车了。 ▲ too…to…前面有never,not,only,but等词时,或出现too …not to do

的双重否定时,否定词与不定式中的否定意义结 合起来构成了肯定意义。 ---It’s never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。

---It’s not too difficult for me to do it by myself. 对我来说自己做这件事不难。

3. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it..
▲ 此句为现在完成进行时:have/has + been +v-ing 现在完成进行时强调在某一段时间内动作一直在进行,通常 动作有现在的结果。 ---I’ve been skating for three hours. 我已经滑冰三个小时了。
---She’s been working all day. 她已经工作一整天了。 ▲ 现在完成进行时更强调动作的持续性。

4. …because he can watch the actors say the words.
▲ watch是感知动词,与其类似的常见词还有:hear,see等, 此类动词的宾语补足语可以用不带to的不定式,也可以用动 词的-ing形式。 ※ “感知动词+宾语+ do”结构通常指整体的动作。 ---I watched a boy draw a horse on the wall. 我看到一个男孩在墙上画了一匹马。(从开始看到结束)

※ “感知动词+宾语+ doing”结构则指看(听、观察…)正在 进行的动作。 ---I watched a boy drawing a horse on the wall. 我看到一个男孩正在墙上画一匹马。 (当我走到那儿时,男孩正在画画。)

5. …,he finds watching movies frustrating…
▲ “find+宾语+形容词”结构,意为“发现…怎么样”。 ---I find it very difficult. 我发觉它很难。 ---She’ll find him easy to get along with. 她会发觉他很容易相处的。

6. Also I was afraid to speak in class, …
▲ “be afraid to do sth”结构,意为“害怕做某事”。 ---He is afraid to walk at night. 他害怕在晚间走路。 ▲ “be afraid of sb/sth”结构,意为“害怕某人/某事”。 ---She is afraid of snakes. 她怕蛇。

Lillian Li
1. Reading English magazines, the best way 2.Memorizing the words of pop songs, help a little 3.Never study grammar, too boring

Lillian Li
1.我认为学英语的最好方法是用英 语。 2、记住单词的最好方法是阅读英 文报纸。 3、 记住流行歌曲的歌词也是有一 些帮助的。 4、 我从来不学语法。太烦人了。

Wei Ming
1.Studying grammar, a great way 2. Watching English movies, not a bad way 3. sometimes, find it frustrating, the people speak too quickly

Wei Ming
1. 我学习英语有六年了。 2. 我认为学习英语的最好方法是学习 语法。 3. 看英文电影也不是坏方法, 因为我可以看见演员说单词。 4. 但是,有时候我发现 看电影也挺让人沮丧的。 因为人们讲话太快了。

Liu Chang
1. Join the English club, the best way to improve … get lots of practice and have fun 2. Having conversations with friends, not helpful, at all. End up speaking in Chinese.

Wei Ming
1. 加入英语俱乐部是 提高英语的最好方法。 2. 学生们得到很多训练, 也很有乐趣。 3. 和

朋友们练习对话根本没有帮助。 4. 我们特别兴奋,然后就以讲汉语结束了。

参考句型 ? I think learning English by memorizing the words of pop songs is a great/good way. ? … is not a bad way ? …is helpful/ isn’t helpful at all. ? …successful ? Helps a lot/ helps a little

Section B
Difficulties/ Challenges in learning English

Background.
Learning English is very important. When you search ”learning English” on the Internet. You can get 4,060,000 pieces of information.

can’t pronounce some words

can’t spell some English words

can’t understand spoken English

read very slowly

can’t spell some English words

make mistake in grammar

Studying English is very important. But it’s too difficult for me.

What about you?

What things are difficult for you?

I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English. I read very slowly. I can’t spell some English words. I make mistakes in grammar.

I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English. I read very slowly.
adj.口语的;口说的;口头的
v.发…音;正确(或清晰地)吐(字、音等)

I can’t spell some English words. I make mistakes in grammar.
犯错;出错

v.慢地;缓慢地

1b What other things are difficult for you? Make a list.

1. I don’t know how to use commas.

n.逗号

2.
3.

.
.

请诵读下面的目标句型:说出困难: I have a problem . I can’t remember the new words. I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English . I always make mistakes in grammer. I read very slowly. I don’t know how to speak English well.

2a Paul is learning English. Listen and check (?)the learning challenges he talks about.

Challenges 1. 2.

n.挑战

can’t get the pronunciation right forget a lot of new words

3. can’t always understand when people talk to me

4.
5.

can’t understand the words in magazines
don’t get much writing practice

2b Listen again. Match the challenges in 2a with the solutions. Solutions
n.(问题;疑难等的) 解决;解答

2 a. You can always write the new words in

your notebook and study them at home.

b.

5

You should find a pen pal.

c. 1 Listening can help. d. 3 Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?

How I learned to learn English Last year my English class was difficult for me. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. Also I was afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmate might laugh at me.I couldn’t always make complete sentences, either.

first of all 首先;第一 laugh at sb笑话;取笑(某人) later on 以后;随后 complete adj. 完整的;完全的 be afraid to do sth害怕去做… sentence n. 句子 be afraid o

f sth/doing sth make a sentence 造句 be afraid+that引导的从句

Then I started to watch English language TV. It helped a lot. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I found very difficult was English Grammar. So I decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning. It’s amazing how much this helped. Now I am enjoying learning English and I got an A this term. My teacher is very impressed. secret n.秘密;机密 take notes 做笔记;做记录 learner n.学习者 enjoy doing 喜欢做…乐于 term n.学期
做v. … impress 使感动…;给…深刻印象 impress sth on sb /impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事

1. First of all , it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher. 首先,对我而言,听懂老师的话并不容易。 first of all 首先 It is (was) …for sb to do sth . 在这个句型中,不定式做真正的主语,it是形 式主语。

2. 一些词组 laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 take notes 记笔记 enjoy doing sth 乐意做某事 be impressed 深受感动的

3. 在这篇文章中,出现了许多表示顺序或承接的 连词或词组。这些词使全文流畅、生动、层次清 晰,理清楚。在写作中,正确使用连接词,会使 文章增色不少,提高档次。在文章中,出现的词 有:

first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随 also 也、而且(用于肯定句) either 也(用于否定句) so 因此 then然后

Challenges

Solutions

teacher, speak, too quickly, not understand

not, matter, if, not, understand, every word

Challenges
be afraid to, speak in class, laugh at, not, make complete sentences,

Solutions
1. watch Englishlanguage TV, help, a lot 2. do lots of listening practice, secret, a good language learner

Challenges

Solutions

1. decide to, take English notes, lots of, grammar, difficult/ poor 2. write, own

original sentences …

? She spoke too quickly for me to understand. ? =she spoke so quickly that I couldn’t understand.

1. 老师讲话太快了,我听不懂。 2. 我害怕课上发言, 怕同学笑 话。 3. 我不能说完整的句子。 4. 我的语法不好。

What are the solutions?

1.听不懂每一个单词没关系。 2)做大量的听力练习是秘诀之一。 3) 课上记大量的笔记。 4)用学习的语法自己造句子。

3b Write a letter telling a friend how to become a better language learner.

Dear

,

I know it isn’t easy to learn , but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word.
fast adv.快地;迅速地

1 Fill in each blank with the correct word given.Change the form of the word if necessary. feel spell write down join

find

1. You should write down new English words in a vocab

ulary list.
2. If you don’t know how to them up in a dictionary. spell new words, look

3. The best way to improve your English is to join an English club. 4. Another thing that he English grammar. finds very difficult was

5. This kind of paper

feels

very soft.

2 Xu Zheng won the English prize at his school. Later, a reporter of the school magazine interviewed him. Here are the reporter’s notes on Xu Zheng and his essay on why English is important. Use them to write an article about Xu Zheng. Note on Xu Zheng Likes: writing notes/watching movies/listening to pop songs Finds difficult: pronunciation/native speakers talking too fast 组成;构成 adj. 本土的;本族的 n. 讲话者;说话者 Learns by: making up conversations/speaking to friends in English Notes on Xu Zheng’s essay 1. Most people speak English as a secong language. 2. English is popular around the world for computers. 3. English is popular in science. 4. English can help us understand many new books and movies.

用哪些语言才能表达自己的评价呢?请看下 面的目标句型: I think studying English by …is…because … 如: I think studying English by working with a group is a good way because you can ask others when you have questions. I think surfing the internet is a bad way because you have to use a computer and always waste your time. …

这个句型较长是个复合句,出现了由 because 引导的原因状语从句。进入初三后, 我们在写作表达时要避免再使用仅仅由 because 引导的句子,而要写完整的句子。 如:不能写Because I slept late . 意思不完 整,不清晰

要写成 I missed the early bus because I slept late . 这样,有原因,有结果,才是完整的句子。

1. I think I can study English by memorizing the words of pop songs because it is the best way to learn new words. 2. I think I can study English by reading English magazines because it can help us learn new words . 3. I think I can study by using English because we can practice more and study English well . 4. I think I can study by studying grammar because it is a great way to learn sentence structures. 5. I don’t think I can learn English by watching E nglish movies because the native speakers speak too quickly .

how How do you come to school? How are you? How far is it from your home to school? How long is the river? How long have you been collecting the stamps? How deep is the river? How wide is the road? How tall is the tree? How heavy is the box? How much is the shirt? How much milk is there in the bottle? How many students are there in your class? How often do you eat junk food? How soon will you be back?

Language points: ① video—videos hero—heroes piano—pianos tomato—tomatoes radio—radios potato—potatoes zoo—zoos photo—photos ② What about / How about + Ving? What about playing soccer?

③ V+ -tion = N. pronounce—pronunciation realize—realization memorize—memorization solute

—solution operate—operation frustrate—frustration impress—impression decide—decision

④ voice(s) He said in a low voice. noise The machine is making a lot of noise. sound Strange sounds come from the next room. ⑤ too…to… She is too young to go to school. too…for sb. to… The box is too heavy for her to carry.

⑥ the present perfect tense have/has + V.p.p. I have just finished my homework. I have already seen the film. Have you ever been to Beijing? She has never been to America? have been to/ have gone to A: Where is Lucy? B: She’s gone to the teachers’ office. A: Have you ever been to Hainan? B: Yes, I have. I have been there twice.

三、汉译英 他因为对她说了谎而感到羞愧.

He is ashamed of having lied to her.
我在回家的途中碰到了简. I met Jane on my way home. 新学员常常犯语法错误. New learners often make mistakes in grammar. 他们毫不困难的找到了他家. They had no trouble finding his home.

它不是最新款的手机之一.它过时了.

It’s not one of the latest mobile pones. It’s behind the times.
我说英语的时候根本不怕犯错误.

I’m not afraid of making mistakes at all when I speak English.
最糟糕的是他没带钥匙就把门锁上了.

Worst of all, he locked the door without taking the key.
最好的减肥方法就是少吃多运动.
The best way of losing weight is to eat less and do more exercise.

离开教室前别忘了关灯关窗. Don’t forget to turn off the lights and close the windows before you leave the classroom.

按要求完成下列任务 1. 英汉互译 I study English by listening to cassettes.(听录音带) by studying with a group. ( ) by watching English programs on TV. ( ) by taking part in English classes after school. ( ) I study English ________________(读英文杂志)。 _______________________(读教科书) _______________________(认真完成作业)

根据你自己的实际情况,完成下面的题目。 (1)How do you study English? (至少回答 三种答案) a.____________________________. b.____________________________. c.____________________________. d.____________________________.

在第一题中所列的方法中选出三种,给予评 价。(一定要会背会说) e.g. I think surfing the Internet is a good way because you have to use a computer. a.______________________________. b. ____________________________ _. c. ______________________________.


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