中 考 被 动 语 态
----By the teacher: Bill Wang
主动语态相当于汉语语法中的 句 即：把字句e,g：我吃了两个苹果①
被动语态相当于汉语语法中的 句 即：被字句e,g：两个苹果被我吃了②
将上边两个例子翻译成英文则为：① I ate 2 apples
型动词take place ,happen,change等e,g He _______(feel) better ----He feels better
针对① 则是：2 apples 不变，而I 则变为me
A：用be去替换援助动语态中的实意动词原型。要求be既要满足原主动语态对动词要求的形式必要时也要满足新主语的数. B：将换出的动词原型变为过去分词放在变化了的be后面（这里就要求大家牢记并熟练掌握不规则动词过去式和过去分词表） e,g, I ate 2 apples
用be替换原句中的动词原型eat，由于原句要求动词为现在式（即原型或单三），所以be 要变为am /is/ are,而新的主语2 apples要求谓动为复数，则be 变为are,
再将替换出的动词原型eat变为过去分词eaten ,放在are 后，结合第一步就是：
2 apples are eaten by me
e,g, I am eating an 2 apples---2 apples are(am所变) being eaten by me
1.I buy a cup of milk every morning .
2.He sells books every day
3.My mother drank 2 glasses of water yesterday等等
考点一：make/let sb. do sth see/hear sb. do sth等由省略了to 的不定式做宾语补足语的情况，在编被动语态食物必将to还原
e,g , 1.He made the boy work for two hours yesterday
----The boy was made to work by him for two hours yesterday.
2 .Mother never lets me watch TV .---------I am never let to watch TV by mother.
考点二：give/lend sb sth等含有双宾语的动词在变化时，要注意两个宾语都可以变化，当“作新主语时，按照步骤变化；当“物”作新主语时，
e,g Jack gave Peter a Christmas present just now.
(1)A Christmas present was given to Peter by Jack just now.
(2)Peter was given a Christmas present by Jack just now.
e,g We can repair this watch in two days.------This watch can be repaired in two days.
They should do it at once.-------It should be done at once.
中考考察典型动词take place ,happen,change等
e,g He _______(feel) better ----He feels better
主宾打颠倒 格变不能少 介宾可不要
助be往出跳 去把动原叫 时语兼顾到 人、数把主照 若是有助动 助be则不照
动原过分现 变be后边站 这是基本变 考点往下看
双宾均可变 人变顺序变 物变to /for现 复宾补不变 对于省to案 还原to 来办
含情语态变 不必be来换 情后be +p.p站
e,g：Some new computers were stolen last night.
This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。
e,g：The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。
This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。
Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。
( )1._____ a new library _____ in our school last year?
A. Is; built B. Was; built C. Does; build D. Did ; build
( )2. An accident ____ on this road last week.
A. has been happened B. was happened C. is happened D. happened
( )3.Cotton（棉花） ____ in the southeast of China.
A. is grown B. are grown C. grows D. grow
( )4.So far, the moon ____ by man already.
A. is visited B. will be visited C. has been visited D. was visited
( )5.A talk on Chinese history _____ in the school hall next week.
A. is given B. has been given C. will be given D. gives
( )6.How many trees ____ this year?
A. are planted B. will plant C. have been planted D. planted
( )7.A lot of things ____ by people to save the little girl now.
A. are doing B. are being done C. has been done D. will be done
( )8.--When ___ this kind of computers______? --Last year.
A. did; use B. was; used C. is; used D. are; used
( )9.The Great Wall ____ all over the world.
A. knows B. knew C. is known D. was known
( )10.Who _____ this book _____?
A. did; written B. was; written by C. did; written D. was; written
( )11.A story _____ by Granny yesterday.
A. was told us B. was told to us C. is told us D. told us
( )12.The monkey was seen _____ off the tree.
A. jump B. jumps C. jumped D. to jump
( )13.The school bag ___ behind the chair.
A. puts B. can be put C. can be putted D. can put
( )14.Older people ____ well.
A. looks after B. must be looked after C. must look after D. looked after
( )15.Our teacher ______ carefully.
A. should be listened to B. should be listen C. be listened D. is listened
1.It's said(据说) that the long bridge______________（build）in two months．
2.Where to have the meeting ______________ （discuss）now．
3.Which language _______the most widely_______（speak）in the world？
4.The lost boy_____________（not find）so far．
5.Last year a large number of trees______________（cut）down．
6. The students _____ often _____(tell) to take care of their desks and chairs.
7. The old man is ill. He ______ (must send) to the hospital.
8. Vegetables, eggs and fruits_________ (sell) in this shop.
9. What _______ knives ______ (make) of ?
They_______________(make) of metal(金属) and wood.
10. Can the magazine ________ (take) out of the library?
11. The room _____________ (clean) by me every day.
12. The stars can’t _____________ (see) in the daytime.
13. Some flowers _______________ (water) by Li Ming already.
14. This kind of shoes __________ (sell) well.
15. How long _____ your uncle ______(be) in the city?
16. The food _____________ (smell) delicious.
17. Look! Someone __________(dance).
1.Is tea grown in South China？（改为主动语态）
_______ people _________ tea in South China？
2.I am given a birthday present by my parents every year．（同义句转换）
A birthday present _______ _______ _______ _______by my parents every year．
3.The work is going to be finished in two days. (对划线提问)
How_______ _______ the work going to be finished ?
4. The children will sing an English song. (改为被动语态)
An English song ______ ______ _______ by the children.
5. You needn't do it now. (改为被动语态)
It ______ ________ ________ by you now.
6. People use metal for making machines. (改为被动语态)
Metal ________ _________ _______making machines.
7. He made me do that for him. (改为被动语态)
I ______ ________ ________ ______ that for him.
8.They are watching the football match.
The football match _______ _______ _______ by them.
9.Did they build a bridge here a year ago? (改为被动语态)
__________ a bridge ____________ here by them a year ago?
10.They have sold out the light green dresses. (改为被动语态)
The light green dresses ________ _________ ___________ out.
11.We call the game “Lianliankan”. (改为被动语态)
The game _______ ________ “Lianliankan” by us.
①The new bike ______ ______ _____ _____ （买给我）by my parents as a present last week． ②_______ your mobile phone _______ _______ ________（是国产的吗）？
③The whole mountain is _________ _________ (覆盖) the snow.
①I have a lot of homework to be done tonight． ____________
②Is your history teacher listened carefully in class？ ____________
③Lei Feng's name remembered by all Chinese people． ____________
④The music is sounded beautiful. ____________
⑤By who was this new educational CD-ROM designed ? _____________