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新目标七年级英语.doc彭凯

发布时间:2014-01-30 14:43:29  

新目标七年级英语(上册)辅导材料

第二块三个预备单元

一、 文化常识

1、英语文化区域,熟人之间见面,常要互相问好。早上用语Good morning !

下午用语Good afternoon ! 晚上用语Good evening ! 例如:

(1) Bob: Good morning , Helen !

Helen : Good morning , Bob !

(2) Bob : Good afternoon , Helen !

Helen : Good afternoon , Bob ! ( 注意句子标点)

(3) Bob : Good evening , Helen !

Helen : Good evening , Bob !

2、在轻松场合中,人们常用Hello 或者Hi 打招呼,但是两人用语要一致,

不能一个人用Hello,另一个人用Hi 。例如:

(1) Helen : Hi , Bob ! Bob : Hi , Helen !

(2) Helen : Hello , Bob ! Bob : Hello , Helen !

二、几个功能句型

1、问答“身体健康”用语

Bob : Hi , Helen ! How are you ? 喂,海伦!你好吗?

Helen : Hi , Bob ! I’m fine , thanks . How are you ?

= I’m OK ↘对方关心你的健康,↘你也要询问对方的健康。可

= I’m well 一定要向对方说谢谢。以用简略语言:And you ?

Bob : I’m fine , too . 我也很好。2、

2、问一个东西“英语名字”的常用句型

Helen :What’s this / that in English ? 这个用英语怎么说?

↘(答句中,一定用it 代替this / that)

Bob : It’s a / an + 英语名称。 ( key jachet quilt orange ruler pen )

Helen : Spell it , please . ( = How do you spell it ? ) 请拼写它。(= 你怎样拼写它?)

Bob : K- E-Y . (拼写单词,用大写字母,并且字母与字母之间用连字符连接)

3、问一个东西颜色的常用句型:

Helen : What color is it ?

Bob : It is + 颜色。

三、1、不定冠词a 与an 的区别

a用在辅音开头的单词前,an用在元音开头的单词前。例如

a pen 一支钢笔; an apple 一个苹果

a book 一本书an hour 一小时

a “u” 一个字母“u” an orange一个橙子;;

2、指示代词this 与that 的区别

this 指代近处的人或物,that指代远处的人或物。

本块习题:

1、写出同义词或同义句

Hello !_________ I’m fine . __________ Thanks . _________

Spell it , please ._______________________

2、写出下列词的缩略形式I am ______ what is ________ it is _________

3、补全对话

(1)、A: Hi , Helen ! How are you ?

B : _______ , Bob ! ______ ______ well , ______ ______ . ______

_______ ?

A: I’m ______ , _______ .

(2) 、A:What’s this _______English ? B : _______ is ______ jachet .

(3)、A :What ______ is it ? B : It______ green .

4、改错(1)、---What is it ? ---It is an “u” .

(2)、---What’s that in English ? ---That is a quilt .

(3)、---What’s this in English ? ---This is a key .

(4)、This is an ruler , that is a orange .

本块词汇:

map 地图key 钥匙jacket 夹克衫 quilt 被子

orange 橙子ruler 尺子pen 钢笔color 颜色

red 红色的yellow 黄色的green 绿色的blue 蓝色的

black 黑色的white 白色的this 这个that 那个

spell 拼写apple 苹果hour 小时

Unit 1 My name’s Gina

一、what is , 缩略式what’s , 表示“是什么”。问“某人的名字是什么”、“某人的姓 是什么”、“某人的电话号码是什么”,都用what is 。

1、问某人的名字句型

问句: What’s your name ? 答句: My name’s + 名字。

his his

her her

2、问某人的姓句型

问句: What’s your family name ? 答句: My family name’s + 名字。

his = last name his

her her

3、问某人的姓的句型

问句: What’s your first name ? 答句: My first name’s + 名字。

his his

her her

4、问某人电话号码的句型

问句: What’s your telephone number ? 答句:It is + 电话号码。

his

her

5、Nice to meet you ! ( 见到你真高兴!) 是“陌生人”见面客套用语。对方答语只 能是Nice to meet you , too . ( 见到你也真高兴)

Nice to see you ! (见到你真高兴!) 是“熟人”见面客套用语。对方答语

只能是Nice to see you , too . ( 见到你也真高兴)

二、文化常识:英语人名

(1)、英语人名由三部分组成: 第一个名字+ 第二个名字+ 姓。

first name middle name family name

= last name

(2)、英语人名最突出的特点是:名在前,姓在后,第二个名字不常说。例如:

1. Gina Green 吉娜 . 格林

first name family name = last name

2. Jim Smith

first name family name = last name

(3)、尊敬、客气地称呼一个人,常用方式是:Mr 或Mrs 或Miss + 姓。 Gina Green 我们可以称呼为Miss Green 。Jim Smith可以称呼为Mr Green

三、形容词性物主代词

表示“某人的”、修饰名词的代词叫形容词物主代词。

主格人称代词I you he she it we you they

汉语 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们

形容词物主代词 my your his her its our your their

汉语 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他们的

本块习题

1、name is (缩略式)_______ boy (对应词)_______

last name (同义词)_______ telephone number (同义词)_______

my (主格人称代词)_______ you (形容词性物主代词)_______

2、补全句子

A:_________________ B: My name’s Mary .

A:What’s his name ? B: _____________Jim .

A:_________________? B: My telephone number is 3968.

3.根据括号中的答案,用完整句子回答问题。

1.What’s your name ? ( Mary )

_______________________

2.What’s his name ? ( Jim )

_______________________

3.What’s his last name ( Green )?

_______________________

4.What’s her phone number( 92931 ) ?

_______________________

本块词汇:

my 我的your 你的his 他的her 她的 its 它的our 我们的

their 他们的meet 遇见see 看见we 我们they 他们zero 零

one 一two 二three 三four 四five 五six 六

seven七eight 八nine 九ten 十

first name 名字middle name 中间名字nice 好的高兴的

telephone number = phone number 电话号码

family name = last name 姓

Unit 2 Is this your pencil ?

一、be 有三个形式:am is are 。am 是be单第一人称单数形式; is 是be 的第三人称单数形式;are 是be的复数形式;be 是am is are 的 原型。be的形式与主语的连用:

am--------------- I (第一人称单数主语)

heshe it

this tha

单数名词

is----------------- 不可数名词(第三人称单数主语)

动词不定式

动名词

we you they

are -------------- these those (复数主语)

复数名词

二、Excuse me . 可以灵活翻译成“劳驾、打扰了” 。当要“与陌生 人搭话” 或者“将要做的事会打扰别人”时,使用该语言。

三、含 be 的肯定句变否定句和一般疑问句的方法以及一般疑问句的 回答方法。

变否定句be + not (is not → isn’t are not → aren’t ) 含 be 的

肯定句变一般疑问句be提到主语前(am →are I → you my → your) 一般疑问句

的简略回答

用 Yes 或No 回答。借用一般疑问句的第一个词,且主语

用主格人称代词。

练习题(一)、把下列含be的肯定句先变成否定句,再变成一般疑问句, 然后做一般疑问句。肯定句否定句一般疑问句肯定回答否定回答

1、肯定句This is my pencil . (这是我的铅笔)

否定句This ______my pencil . (这不是我的铅笔)

一般疑问句______ this______ pencil ? (这是你的铅笔吗) 肯定回答____________. 否定回答. _____________

2、肯定句That is my eraser .(那是我的橡皮擦)

否定句That ______eraser . (那不是我的橡皮擦)

一般疑问句______ that ______eraser ? (那是你的橡皮擦) 肯定回答____________ 否定回答______________

3、肯定句These are my pens . (这些是我的钢笔)

否定句These______ my pens . (这些不是我的钢笔)

一般疑问句______ these ______pens ? (这些是你的钢笔吗) 肯定回答____________. 否定回答____________ .

4、肯定句Those are his baseballs . (那些是他的棒球)

否定句Those ______his baseballs . (那些不是他的棒球) 一般疑问句______those ______ pens ? (那些是他的棒球吗) 肯定回答____________ 否定回答____________

5 、肯定句I am Helen (我是海伦)

否定句______ ______Helen . (我不是海伦)

一般疑问句______ ______Helen . (你是海伦吗)

肯定回答____________. 否定回答____________ .

6 、肯定句It is her notebook . (它是她的笔记本)

否定句It ______her notebook . (它不是她的笔记本)

一般疑问句______ ______ her notebook ? (它是她的笔记本吗)

肯定回答____________. 否定回答____________ .

7、肯定句A lot of keys are in the pencil—case .(许多钥匙在铅笔合里) 否定句A lot of keys ______in the pencil—case .(许多钥匙不在铅笔盒里)

一般疑问句______a lot of keys in the pencil—case ? (许多钥匙在铅笔盒里吗?) 肯定回答____________. 否定回答____________ .

(二)、补全对话

Jim: ______ ______ , Tom . Is this your dictionary ?

Tom: Yes,______ ______

Jim : What’s this ?

Tom: It’s _______ eraser .

Jim : How do you ______ it ?

Tom : E—R—A—S—E—R

本快词汇:

they他们these 这些those 那些

pencil 铅笔isn’t 不是aren’t 不是

dictionary 词典baseball 棒球noteball 笔记本

key钥匙ring 打电话call 打电话

ruler 尺子pen钢笔pencil—case 铅笔盒

eraser 橡皮擦a lot of许多

every day 每天Excuse me 劳驾打扰了

作业:除了每天背的初三英语十五个单词外,还要做以下作业

1.将模块中的单词背熟

2.完成以下练习

一.单项选择 (把正确的选择项填到题前的括号内)(18分)

( )1.早晨, 熟人见面可以说 .

A.Good morning! B. Good afternoon!

C. Good evening! D. Good night.

( )2. What _______ this ?

A. am B. are C. is D. be

( )3.当你的老师向你介绍一位新同学时,你应对你的新同学说:____

A. How are you? B. Nice to meet you. C. Thanks.

( )4.对方给你帮完忙后, 你应该说:________.

A. OK B. Thank you C. Hello D. Bye-bye.

( )5.书写时占三格的字母是 .

A. f B. i C. g D. b

( ) 6.书写时占下两格的字母是 .

A. i B. g C. f D. b

( )7.下列字母的小写形式书写时占上两格的是 .

A. C B. O C. A D. B

( )8.其他人问你How are you? 你应回答 .

A. How are you? B. And you?

C. Fine, thank you. And you? D. Thank you very much,.

( )9. — Hello, Dale! — , Eric!

A. Hi B. Hello C. Good morning D. OK

( )10. It’s ___________ black.It’s ________ black ruler.

A.a;/ B./;a C.a;a D. /; /

( )11. –What is it ? — black and yellow.

A. color; They are B. colors; It’s

C. color; It’s D. colors; They are

( )12. .---Tom,what’s this in English? ---__________.

A.This is a pen B.It’s a pen

C.It’s pen D. That is a pen.

( )13. — are you? —Fine, thanks.

A. How B. What C. Who D. Where

( )14.下列小写字母占格相同的是 。

A. omn B. hoa C. flk D. ikn

( )15.下列单词中哪个不含有字母Ii的发音?

A. white B. hi C. this D. I

三. 完成对话 (把下列的对话补充完整)。

A: Good afternoon, Dale! !

A: How are you ! B: I’m A: I’m OK. A: It’s a jacket. B: Speel it ,please.

B: What color is it?

A:It’s ______(紫色的) B: Thanks.

四.根据所给汉语提示补全句子。

1. Tom’s ___________ (夹克衫) is old.

2. What’s your _________ (名字) ?

3. His ___________ (英语) is very good.

4. There’s a ____________ (被子) in the bed.

5. Please ____________ (拼写) “Please”.

五、按括号内所给要求写出适当形式。

1.I’m(完整形式)_______ 2.what is(缩略形式)_________

3.it’s(完整形式)_________4.My name is (缩略形式)__________________

六、从括号中选出一个填空。

1.How ________ you? (am, is ,are)

2.What ________ this in English? (am, is ,are)

3.What color is the pen? It ________ red. (am, is ,are)

4.What’s this? It’s ________ orange. (a, an )

5. What’s this? It’s ________jacket. (a, an )

6. It’s ________ apple. (a, an )

习题:

一.选择题:

( )1. Can you spell____ name?

A. you B. it C. your D. me

( )2. -----Are you Bill ?----- ______________.

A. Yes,I’m. B. No, I am. C. No, I’m not. D. Yes, I’m not. ( )3. There's ____ "u" and _____ "s" in the word "us".

A. a, an B. an, a C. a, a D. an, an

( )4. This______ my sister and those ______my parents.

A. is, is B. is, are C, are, is D. are, are

( )5.. Miss Zhou is ________ English teacher. ________ is a good teacher.

A. our, Her B. my, He C. a, She D. an, She

( ) 6.—Your English is very good. —_________.

A. No , it isn’t. B. Yes , it is. C. Thank you. D. No .

( )7.The man Nick Hand.____ is his family name, and___ is his given name.

A. Nick , Hand B . Hand, Nick C. Hand, Hand D. Nick, Nick

( ) 8.Lucy and Tony___ my good friends.

A. am B. is C. are D. be

( ) 9. ----What’s that in English?-----_______ID card.

A. This is a B. That’s an C. It’s a D. It’s an

( )10.My name___ Alice ,__name is Tony ..

A. am ,her B. is , his C. is, her D. am , his

二、英汉交际 从B栏中找出与A栏中相搭配的句子

A B

( ) 1. Hello,I'm Sally. A. Her name is Mary.

( ) 2. What's her name? B. Hi,Sally. I'm Tom.

( ) 3. What's your phone number? C. Fine,thanks.

( ) 4. How are you? D. Great.

( ) 5. Let’s play computer games. E. It’s 348-3451.

三.单词填空

1._________ (he) pen is black. 2. Is this yellow ruler _________ (you)?

3. _________ (she) name is Susan. 4. This is _________ (I) key.

5.Nice to meet _________ (your). 6. Let _____ (we) play tennis!

7. Do you know the a____________ to this question?

8.Here's my ID c________. 9. What's your telephone n____________?

10. Those are my ____________.(父母) 11. Her f________ name is Lucy.

12. His _______ name is Smith. 13. We are m_______ school students.

14. This a photo of my ________(家庭). 15. My friend is in __________ (中国)

四.用所给词的适当形式填空.

1. What color_____ (be)your quilt?

2.This boy and his friend______(be) English students.

3._____are good students. I like____ very much..(they)

4.Mary is her _____(one) name.

五、句型转换:

1. This is my grandmother. (改否定句)

______________________________

2. That’(对划线部分提问)

______________________________

3. These are her brothers. (改单数句)

______________________________ (对划线部分提问)

______________________________

5. Dave and Anna are my friends. (改一般疑问句)

______________________________

习题

一、单项选择。

( )1. My uncle’s daughter is my________ .

A. brother B. sister C. cousins D. cousin

( )2. ------ ________your sister? ------Yes, it is .

A. Are these B. Are those C. Is that D. Is these

( )3. Here is a photo_____ my father.

A. at B. in C. for D. of

( )4. --- Hi, Jim! _______ is Tom. He is my good friend.

-- Hi, Tom! Nice to meet you.

A. He B. That C. This D. It

( ) 5.. – How do you do? -- ________.

A. Fine, thank you. B. How do you do? C. How are you? D. Good night!

( ) 6. ---Is she your sister? ---Yes, ___.

A. he is B. she is C. it is D. she isn’t

( ) 7. ---___ they her brothers? ---No, they ___.

A. Are, aren’t B. Are, are C. Is, are D. These, aren’t

( ) 8.. Here ___ my family photo.

A. is B. are C. am D. be

( ) 9. Thanks ___ your pen.

A. for B. to C. at D. in

( )10.Are ________ Kate’s ________?

A.this, book B.that,book C.these,books D.those,book

二、从B栏中找出与A栏句子相对应的答语。

A B

( ) 1. Are those your brothers? A. Yes, she is.

( ) 2. Is John your uncle? B. No, they aren’t.

( ) 3. Is this your dictionary? C. Nice to meet you!

( ) 4. Kate, this is my friend, Li Lei. D. Yes, he is.

( ) 5. Is this girl your friend? E. No, it isn’t。

三、完形填空

Hello! I’m Mary Brown. I’m___1___ English girl. Look!Here ___2___ a photo __3___ my family. This is ___4___ sister. ___5__ name is Mona. __6__ is in Class One, Grade Eight. __7__ is my uncle. His ___8__ name is Bill. His __9__ is Tony Brown. He is a student, too. Oh, Tony is my __10__.

( ) 1. A. a B. an C. the D. /

( ) 2. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( ) 3. A. for B. in C. at D. of

( ) 4. A. me B. you C. my D. she

( ) 5. A. Your B. Her C. His D. Its

( ) 6. A. She B. I C. He D. It

( ) 7. A. Those B. This C. It D. These

( ) 8. A. last B. first C. family D. full

( ) 9. A. daughter B. sister C. mother D. son

( ) 10. A. cousin B. aunt C. brother D. uncle

四、词组翻译

1.我的两个姐妹__________________ 2. 那些男孩_____________________

3. 我的家庭照片_________________ 4. 他的表弟______________________

5. 在第一张照片里面_____________ 6.在下一张照片里_________________

7. 过得愉快____________________ 8.家谱__________________

五、单词填空。

1.What’s this in E_________ ? 2.How do you s_________ pencil?

3.Is this your ________ (爷爷)? 4.My u______ is my mother’s little brother.

5. Is that your c_______ game in the case? 6. Are these your ________(女儿)?

7. Jenny is a girl. ____(she) family name is Green.

8. H____ is a photo of my family.

六、句型转换

1.This is my sister. (变为一般疑问句___________________________________

2. Is that your brother? (作否定回答)________________________.

3. Those are Lucy’s erasers. (改为单数句)______________________________.

4. This is a photo. (改为复数句)________________________.

5. Those are Jim’s books. (变为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

--____________________________ --________________________.

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