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Reading(1)

发布时间:2014-01-30 14:43:33  

Reading

Fast reading

What does the passage mainly talk about? An earthquake happened in Tangshan in 1976

Sum up the main idea of each part of the passage.

(use one word to describe)
Part 1: para 1 Part 2: para 2&3 Part 3: para 4

signs
damage

recovery

Para 1 Signs before the earthquake
The water in the well
The well walls

rose and fell. had deep cracks in them.

A smelly gas
The pigs and the chickens

mice and fish

mice came out of fields; fish jumped out of bowls and ponds. people saw bright lights. In the sky

Strange were too nervous to eat. things

came out of the cracks.

The water pipe

cracked and burst.

No one noticed them.

Para2-3 Damage caused by the earthquake.

The city The people

It seemed as if the world was at an end.

3:42 am, the __________ greatest earthquake At _____ of the 20th century began . A huge crack _________ cut across houses, roads and canals. from holes in the ground. Steam burst ________ dirt Hard hills of the rock became rivers of ____. Bricks covered the ground like red ________ autumn leaves. Two _______ dams and most of the bridges fell. The railway tracks were now _________pieces of _______. useless steel ______ Sand now filled the wells instead of water. Water, food, and ______________ were electricity hard to get.

extreme The suffering of the people was_______.
Thousands _______ of families were killed and many without parents children were _________.

Some of the rescue workers and doctors trapped under the ruins. were _______

Para. 2-3
?

1/3

Data(数据)
of the nation felt the earthquake .

? A huge crack that was

8

kilometres long and

30
?In

metres wide cut across houses. terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.

? of the people died or were injured during the earthquake.

15 2/3

All the people were

shocked.

? The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. ?All of the city’s hospitals, 75%_ of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone.

Para 4 Recovery after the earthquake

Army; 150, 000 soldiers Dig out; bury Workers; shelters Fresh water

Not All all the hope was lost. not lost.

Why did the text say the world seemed to be at an end? What do you think about that?
“…the greatest earthquake of 20th century had begun.”…

I think…

What sentences can express the quake is GREAT?
? It seemed that the world was at an end.
? It was felt in Beijing, which…

? One-third of the nation felt it.
? In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. ? A huge crack…cut cross…

What metaphor do the writer use to say the quake is GREAT?
? Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt.

? Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away.

What happened when rescue work was going on? What was the result of that?
Another big quake shook Tangshan. ... trapped…fell down…hard to get…

Comprehending

page 27

1 Read the passage carefully and join the correct

parts of the sentences.

1- -C

2- -E
3- -B

4- -D
5- -A

2 Read the passage again and make a timeline

For three days 1.water in the village wells rose and fell 2.well walls developed deep cracks 3.a smelly gas come out of the cracks

4.mice ran out of the fields
5.fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds

At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976 1.bright lights appeared in the sky 2.the sound of planes could be heard although there were no planes

3.some water pipes burst

At 3:42 am on July 28, 1976 1.everything began to shake
2.huge cracks appeared in the roads 3.steam burst from holes i the ground 4.rock turned into rivers of dirt

5.75% buildings and 90% of homes were gone
6.more than 400,000 people killed or injured

Afternoon of July 28, 1976 1.a second quake almost as strong as the first one 2.more damage to buildings and rescuers Soon after the quake 1.the army arrived 2.shelters built for survivors 3.water supplies brought in

3 Writing a summary of each part

Before the earthquake strange things began to happen but no one paid attention to them. The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan. The people were very shocked at the destruction. The army came to help the survivors, bringing hope for a new life.

Discussion 1. What shall we do if an earthquake happens? 2. What can we do to reduce the damage of earthquakes?

? Don’t be nervous and keep calm. ? Don’t try to run out of the classroom. ? Protect your head by putting your bag on your head. ? Squat or sit down under your desk. ? Leave the classroom after the earthquake.

1. Crouch on the spot and protect your heads with hands; 2. Be sure to keep away with high buildings and dangerous objects; 3.Don’t go back to the classroom.

d d o n o n

1. Crouch down or slip under the chairs 2. Avoid suspending lights and electric fans 3. Protect the head with schoolbags

1. Find firm counters, or the corner of a wall to crouch down on the spot 2. Protect the heads with hands or other objects

3. Keep away from glass windows, glass counters or show counters
4. Keep away from tall cupboards

5. Keep away from advertisement boards and other suspending objects

1. Grasp the handles to avoid being injured 2. Lower the center of gravity 3. Hide near the seats 4. Get off after the earthquake passed

Can we stop earthquakes? We can’t stop earthquakes, but we can try to reduce the losses caused by earthquakes. To build houses as strong as possible; To build houses on rock rather than on sand. What can we do after earthquakes? Try to rescue people; Try to rebuild families; Try to forget sad experiences and live with strong belief.

Filling the blacks with the first given letter:

Several days before July 28,1976,many s______ trange things happened in Tangshan. They were signs for the e_________. arthquake But people in the city of Tangshan didn’t think m____ uch of these. At 3:42am that hake which day, the earth began to s_____, d_______ estroyed the city.

Many people incl

uding workers and doctors, came to r_____ rapped escue those t______ under the ruins. Later that afternoon another big earthquake struck Tangshan. More people were killed or i_______ njured and more buildings f__ ell down. Soldiers were called in to help the rescue workers. Teams were organized to ________ dig out the trapped and b____ ury the dead.

What impresses you most?
What the quake makes you think about? What did they suffer and feel? What for rebuilt How to help the suffers?

Self-rescue

What did they suffer and feel?

Chang Qing (left), 71, and Wang Shubin, 54, hold a picture taken by Chang 30 years ago, when Wang was rescued after being buried in debris for eight days following the Tangshan earthquake.

How to help the suffers?

Tang shan’s new look

Homework 1.Copy the new words of unit4 2. kick out the useful phrases by yourself. 3.Preview p28-29.


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