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初一同步辅导英语Unit4

发布时间:2014-01-31 10:46:08  

本周学习重点

七年级上册Unit 4 Seasons

重点单词:

Australia, footprint, wet, kick, town, blow,everything, trip, shine, brightly, picnic, dry, snowy, spend, relative, during,grandparent,

重点短语:

take a trip, go on a picnic, make snowmen, fly kites,go swimming, have a picnic.

重点句型:

1.What about…? ....怎么样?

2.What? s the weather like...? 询问天气的表达法。

3. The weather is… in… 天气的表达法。

4.It is +adj + to do sth it形式主语的句式

重点词汇解析

一、词汇Words

1.have a good time 过得开心,玩得愉快;相当于enjoy oneself,have fun 这两个短语。

【练习】昨天我们在晚会上过得很开心。

We ________ _______ ______ ______ atthe party yesterday.

Keys: had a goo time

2. wet adj. 反义词为dry; v. 把....弄湿;表天气类似的形容词有: warm -cool; hot-cold;

【练习】

1)春天天气又湿又冷。

It is _____ and ______ in spring.

2) 别把地板弄湿了。

Don?t _______ the ground.==Don?tmake the ground _______.

Keys: wet, cold; wet, wet

3. blow v. 吹;吹风; 过去式为_______; 现在分词为________.

【练习】昨晚外面的风吹得很大。

The wind ________ strongly last night.

Keys: blew

4.everything pron. 所有事情,一切.不定代词表事物的还有: something, anything; nothing, everything 可以放在所有句型中,表示“所有”。something一般放在肯定句,表示“一些”。anything放在疑问句及否定句中;表示“一些”。它们作主语时,看作“单数”。

【练习】用动词适当形式填空

1)Everything ________ (be) ready.

2)Everything ________ (go) well.

Keys:is; goes

5. 表心情、感觉的形容词有: interested ,excited,surprised ,--ed结尾的,通常“人”作主语。当以--ing结尾的形容词:interesting,exciting,surprising 常是修饰事物或事物作主语。

【练习】

1)玛丽对那部非常有事的故事很感兴趣。

Mary is _________ (interest) in the_______(interest) story.

Keys: interested; interesting

2) 他对那个新闻感到很好奇。

He is ________ at the news.

Keys: surprised

6 . snowy adj. 下雪的; snow v 下雪; n. 雪;

【拓展】表天气的词有:

cloud n. 云 -----cloudy adj. 多云的

wind v/ n 风---- windy adj 刮风的

rain v/ n 雨---- rainy adj 下雨的

sun n 太阳----sunny adj 晴朗的

【练习】

在北方冬天你经常看到雪。

You can often _______ ______ in the northin winter.

Keys: see snow;

下雪天总是都很冷。

_______ _______ is always cold.

Keys: Snowy weather

6. spend v. 花费(时间、金钱),度过; spend...onsth 表示“某一方面花”;spend ....(in) doing sth 表示“做某事花了..时间或金钱”。

【拓展】词汇辨析:“四个”花费,spend, pay, cost, take,四个词用法不同,请观察:

1)I spend 2 yuan on my pen./ I spend one hour (in)reading this story.

2)I pay 2 yuan for my pen.

3)This pen costs me two yuan.

4)It takes me half an hour to go to school.

主语:______________________________

搭配:______________________________

Keys: spend, pay主语是人;cost主语是物;take形式主语it; spend…on/ spend…(in) doing; pay…for;

7 brightly adv 明亮地; bright adj.

【练习】阳光明媚。

The sun is shining _______.

Keys: brightly

【拓展】bright adj.

[练习]用所给单词正确形式填空。

1)The weather is sunny and ___________.

2)She smiles _________ and beautifully.

归纳总结:________修饰名词 ________修饰动词 Keys: bright;brightly; 形容词; 副词

二、重要句型Important Sentences structures

1. It often rains . 天经常下雨。

这里的it指代“天气”。又如:

It’s sunny today. 今天天气晴朗。

【练习】现在几点了?

What time is ______ now?

[练习]汉译英

冬天哈尔滨经常下大雪。

_____________________________________________________________________ Keys: It usually snows heavily in Harbin in winter.

[拓展]

It 还可指代时间、季节、距离等。

2. It is +形容词 +(for sb) +to do sth 这是一个形式主语的句式,真正的主语是to do sth

【练习】

1)听到这个好消息真是很令人兴奋。

________ ________ ________ to hear thegood news.

Keys: It is exciting

2) 一年中的这个时候出去野餐真是太棒了,因为天气凉爽而干燥。、

______ is nice to ______ ______ ______ _____ at this time of yearbecause the weather is cool and dry.

Keys:It ...go on a picnic

3) 学会游泳是很有必要吗?

Is _______ _______ to learn swimming ?

Keys: it necessary

It 作形式主语,真正的主语是”todo”

[练习]汉译英

1) 夏天出去游泳真令人兴奋。

_______________________________________________________

2) 学好英语是很重要的。

_______________________________________________________

Keys: 1) It is exciting to go swimming in Summer.

2)It is important to learnEnglish well

3. Everything turns green . 一切都变绿了。

turn green 意为“变绿”turn 也是系动词,后接形容词,意为“变得”。又如:

【练习】他的头发变得灰白了。

His hair ______ ________.

[拓展]变得:become; go; get

例:become 从一个状态变为另一个状态;比get更为正式;如:become/get angry go 多指变为不好的状态,如:go bad/mad

turn 指变为什么颜色

4. 询句天气的句型:

询问: ---What about the weather in Beijing in winter? 北京冬天的天气怎么样? 或者:--What ?s the weather like in Beijing in winter?

或者:--How?s the weather in Beijing in winter?

回答: ---It is cold and dry in Beijing in winter. 北京冬天又冷又干燥。

或者:The weather is cold and dry in Beijing in winter.

自我检测~~做一做

一.单词

1. The dog left some f_______ on thefloor when it came out of the bathroom. (华南师大附中2012-2013学年度上学期期中考试)

2 It is not good for you to s_____ too muchtime on computer games.

( 2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元期中考联考)

3. The weather is good,and the sun shines b_______.( 广州市西关外国语学校2012学年第

一学期期中考试卷)

4. Children like making lots of f_______in the sand.(广州市西关外国语学校2012学年第一学期期中考试卷)

5. On s days, the streets are covered with thick snow.( 广大附中2012-2013学年第一学期期中测试)

6. Inthe Spring Festival, we often go to visit our r ( 广大附中2012-2013学年第一学期期中测试)

二. 单项选择题

1 In winter, it often ________ so the weather is ________here.

( 2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元期中考联考)

A.rain, raining B.rains, rainy

C. raining, rainy D. rainy, rain

2. Mary often half an hour to school

A. spend, to walk B. spends, walking

C. spends, to walk D. spend, walking

3. It is not _________ for me _________your question now because I need some time to think about it.

( 2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元期中考联考)

A. difficult, to answer B. difficult, answer

B. easy, to answer D.easily, to answer

4 . It is difficult for us _____ another foreign language.( 广大附中2012-2013学年第一学期期中测试)

A. learning B.to learning C. learns D. tolearn 5 .Uncle Sam is such a _____ driver that he alwaysdrives_____

A. careful; careful B. carefully; careful

C. careful; carefully D. carefully; carefully

6 --_______________________?(广大附中2012-2013学年第一学期期中测试)

-- It?s warmand sunny.

A. How is it going, Mike

B. What do you usually do in summer

C. What?s the weather like today

D. What is the weather today

三.完成句子

1很多人喜欢在暑假期间去各地旅游。

Many people like to ______ ______ ______ todifferent places _____ summer holidays. (2012-2013学年第一学期天河区期末考试卷)

2 学生花太多时间在网上聊天是不好的。(2012-2013学年第一学期天河区期末考试卷) _____ _____ bad for students ______ _____too much time chatting on the Internet. 3 在阳光灿烂的气候里到沙滩上玩耍时很令人高兴的。

(华南师大附中2012-2013学年度上学期期中考试)

_____ _______ _______ ________ on the beachin the sunny weather.

4. 我们打算这个星期天去白云山野餐。

We are going to _______ __________ __________ in theBaiyun Moutain this Sunday. 5 昨晚在Jason的生日聚会中大家都玩的很高兴。( 2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元期中考联考)

Everyone _________ ____________ _____________________in Jason?s party last night. 6 在冬天,堆雪人是很有趣的。( 2012学年第一学期广州二中初一年级应元期中考联考) _________ _______ _________ _______ make snowmen in winter.

7 汤姆和他的家人去越秀公园野餐。(广州市西关外国语学校2012学年第一学期期中考试卷) Tom ____ _____ _____ ______ with his family inYuexiu Park.

8 吉米梦想去意大利旅行。(广州市西关外国语学校2012学年第一学期期中考试卷)

Jimmy dreams to ______ ______ _____ _____Italy.

自我检测—做一做参考答案

一.单词

1. Footprints 2spend 3. Brightly 4 footprints 5 snowy 6 relatives

二.单项选择题

1-6 BBBDCC

三. 完成句子

1. take/have a trip.....during 2 It is ...to spend 3 It ?s exciting to play picnic 5 had a good time

6 It is excitingto 7 went on a picnic 8 take a trip to

4 have a

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