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Unit 1Can you play the guitar

发布时间:2014-01-31 11:38:33  

Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

一. 情态动词can的用法

A. 意义

1. 表示__________。如:

He can speak English very well.他英语说得很好。

She can sing some English songs.她会唱几首英文歌曲。

2. 表示__________。如:

You can play the violin after school every day. 每天下课后你可以拉小提琴。

Students can‵t take cell phones or Mp3 players to school.学生不允许带手机或MP3到学校。

3. 表示__________。如:

Can you tell me an English story?

你能给我讲个英语故事吗?

Could you help me with my English?

你能帮我学英语吗?

温馨提示: 上句中的could 是can 的过去式,用在一般现在时的句子中,表示比can更客气的请求。

4. can't 表示__________ 。如:

—Is that Mr. Smith?

那是史密斯先生吗?

—That can't be him. He is in New York now.

那不可能是他。他现在在纽约呢。

B. 句型变化

肯定句: He can play the_drums.

否定句: He _________play the drums.

一般疑问句:

_________he _________the drums?

两种回答:

Yes, he _________. /No, he _________.

对画线部分提问:

________ ________he play? 二.

【经典例句】 He likes playing the guitar.他喜欢弹吉他。

【考点聚焦】 guitar为一种乐器,注意play与表示乐器的名词连用时,名词前要加定冠词the。

【活学活用】 .选择

afternoon.

A.the;/ B./;the C.the;the D./;/

答案:C

2.翻译:敲鼓 。弹钢琴 弹吉他 拉小提琴

吹喇叭 三

【巧记提示】 chess(国际象棋)

【经典例句】 I am good at playing chess.我擅长下象棋。

【考点聚焦】 一定注意―下棋‖用play chess,而不用play the chess。棋类球类运动之前省略

the

【活学活用】 .选择

piano and he likes to play 

A.the;the B.the;/ C./;the D./;/

答案:B 四.

【经典例句】 Can you speak English?你会说英语吗?

【考点聚焦】 1)派生词:speaker n. 说话者;演讲者 speech n. 说话;演讲

2)注意区分:speak,say,talk和tell

①say指用语言表达思想,着重说话的内容或强调说话这一动作,不表示说

话的性质。

②speak强调说话的动作、声音,而不强调内容。在正式场合表示发言、演讲,

说某种语言用speak。

③talk表示两个人或多个人在一起讲话、谈论(多指随意谈论)。一般和

to,with,about连用

④tell的意思是―告诉,讲述,吩咐‖,讲故事或讲笑话多用tell。

【活学活用】 选择

— me?

—Sorry,I don‘t know.

A.say;tell B.speak;talk C.speak;tell D.say;talk

答案:A 五.

【巧记提示】 little(少许的)→bottle(瓶子)

【经典例句】 He is little known to the villagers.村里几乎没人认识他。

【考点聚焦】 1)little还有―小的,小巧的‖之意,带有小的可爱之意。Alittle girl

2)注意little与a little 的区别:little与a little都可表示数量,修饰不可数名

词。但little表示否定意义,而a little表示肯定意义。A few修饰可数名词,

“有几个”few修饰可数名词,“几乎没有”

【活学活用】 .翻译句子

我会说一点英语。

答案:I can speak a little English

六 help sb.with sth. 在……方面帮助某人

【经典例句】 Could you help me with my English?你能帮我学英语吗?

【考点聚焦】 在help sb.with sth.结构中,with是介词,故后面要跟名词或动名词作宾语。

该结构相当于help sb.do sth.。

【活学活用】 .同义句转换

I often help him do his homework.

I often help him

答案:with

七.be good with... 与……相处得好;与……合得来

【经典例句】 He is very good with children.他与孩子们很合得来。

【考点聚焦】 1)同义词组:get on well with 

2)注意与be good...的其他词组意思的差别:

be good at意为―擅长做某事‖;be good for意为―对……有益处‖

基础巩固

I、单项选择 (25分)

( )1. Can you ______ English?

A. speak B. talk C. say D. tell

( )2. --- ________ can you play?

--- The drums.

A. When B. How C. What D. Where

( )3. --- ______ you sing?

--- Yes, I can.

A. Do B. Can C. Are D. Am

( )4. I want to ______ the chess club.

A. join B. join in

C. join to D. join for

( )5. Tom wants ________ to you. Are you free?

A.to tell B.tells C.to talk D.talks

( )6. Can you help me with _______?

A. dance B. dancing

C. dances D. to dance

( )7. ---What club ______ you want to join?

--- Chess club.

A. does B. do C. can D. are

( )8. Her sister can play ______ piano, but she can‘t play _____ basketball.

A. the; the B. /; the C. the; / D. /; /

( )9. My brother can play the guitar, ______ he can‘t play it very well.

A. and B. so C. or D. but

( ) 10. ---- Can you play volleyball?

--- Sorry, I ______.

A. don‘t B. do C. can‘t D. can

( )11. --- Are you good ______ your students?

--- Yes, I am.

A. at B. with C. for D. of

( )12. --- Are you ______?

--- Yes, I am.

A. a musician B. musicians C. musician D. A and B

( )13. --- Can he _____ a student?

--- Yes.

A. is B. be C. are D. does

( )14. We want some singers(歌手) ____ our rock band.

A. for B. of C. to D. at

( )15. My brother _______ the trumpet and he play it _____ .

A. can plays, good B. can‘t play, good

C. can play, well D. doesn‘t play, well

( )16.Can you paint? ________.

A.Yes, a little B.Yes, little C.No, a little D.No, little

( )17.Please call me ________ 8989766.

A.in B.at C.about D.with

( )18.________ like to go swimming ________ summer.

A.Children, on B.Children, in C.A child, on D.A child, in

( )19. Can you help me ________ my English?

A.with B.of C.learning D.about

( )20.What can you do, Lin Tao? ________.

A.I like sports B.I want to join the music club

C.I am well D.I can do Chinese Kung Fu

( )21.Hi, can I help you? ________.

A.Yes, please B.No, I can‘t C.Yes, I can D.You are welcome

( )22.________ you can ________ our school concert.

A.Maybe, in B.Maybe, be in

C.May be, in D.May be, be in

( )23.We want two good ________ our rock band.

A.music for B.musician in C.music in D.musicians for

( )24.Little Tom can draw ________.His drawings are very ________.

A.good, well B.well, good C.good, good D.well, well

( )25.Can he ________ it in English?

A.speak B.speaks C.say D, talk

二 根据音标及句意写单词。(5分)

1. Can you ________ [spi:k] English? Sorry, I can‘t.

2. My parents buy a _________ [pi‘ n] in the store.

3. Can she _________ [da:ns]? Yes, she can.

4. My brother plays the _________ [gi‘ta:] well.

5. ________ [?s di] is the last day of the week.

. 用所给单词的正确形式填空。(5分)

6. I have a brother and a sister. So my parents have three ________ (kid).

7. Can you help me with _________ (swim)?

8. I can speak a little _________ (China).

9. Jack‘s father and mother are _______ (music).

10. I like ________ (comedy) very much.

三.句式转换 按要求完成下列句子。(10分 )

1. He can play the piano. (改成否定句)

He ________ play the piano. 对划线部分提问)

_______ _______ _______ your sister join?

3. Lucy‘s brother wants to be an actor. (改成一般疑问句)

_______ Lucy‘s brother _______ to be an actor?

4. Mike can join our school music festival. (改为同义句)

Mike can _______ _______ our school music festival.

5. My birthday is May 4th. (用June 2nd 改写选择疑问句)

_______ your birthday May 4th _____ June2nd?

四.根据汉语完成句子。(10分)

1. Alan 想加入音乐俱乐部,因为他会弹吉它。

Alan ______ to join the _______ club, because he can play the guitar.

2. 你会说英语吗? 是的,一点.

______ you _______ English? Yes, _______ _______.

3. 你会照顾孩子吗? 来加入我们吧.

_____ you ______ _______ kids? Come and ______ us.

五.任务性阅读:阅读短文,按要求完成各题。(5分)

What do you do to relax? Do you watch TV? Do you read a book? Or do you listen to music? How many of us actually play a musical instrument? How many of us go to concerts? How important is music in our lives? What kind of music do we like?

The survey above shows the musical habits of a few of our readers. Interestingly, fourteen people out of the twenty questioned actually play a musical instrument, while only six people don‘t. Out of these, ten people practice their musical instrument between 0—3 hours a week and the other four between three and six hours a week.

The best instrument to play is the guitar; eight people say it is their favourite instrument to play. Another four people like playing the piano and two like playing the violin. Two people, however, don‘t like playing the violin or the piano as they think they are too difficult.

Pop concerts are always popular but, in this survey only eight people say they like going to concerts, six to pop concerts and two to jazz concerts.

A higher number, eighteen, say they like listening to music as they find it relaxing. Only two These results seem to suggest that we are more actively musical than we think ...

1.How many of the twenty people don‘t play a musical instrument? ______________

2.How many of the fourteen people like playing the guitar? _________________

3.Two people like playing the violin or the piano because they think they are __________.

4.将划线句子翻译成汉语:_______________________________________________.

5. Do most people like listening to music? _________________

六.书面表达(15分)

你具有哪些才能呢?不妨向大家介绍一下你自己所会的(包括体育(球类、跑)、音乐(乐器唱、跳)、美术(绘画)、电脑(游戏)等方面),但也别忘了告诉大家你所不会的,让其他同学能帮助你,另外请根据自己的情况选择一你要加入的俱乐部,并陈述理由

Unit 2 What time do you go to school?.

Ⅰ. 一般现在时态特殊疑问句的结构

1. 结构: 特殊疑问词+ be + 主语?

特殊疑问词+ 助动词do/does+ 主语+ 实义动词?

When/What time is the party?

When do you go to school?

What time does he go to work?

常用的特殊疑问词:________ /________ ________ (什么时候), ________ (什么地方), ________ (谁), ________ (谁的), ________ (如何)。

2. 对画线部分提问: →________ ________ ________ they get dressed? →________ ________ she _______ a walk? →________ ________ he ________ ? → ________ ________ Jack ________ to school?

温馨提示: what time 对具体某一时刻进行提问;when 对笼统时间进行提问 Ⅱ. 英语时间表示法

1. 使用数字( ________ 数 + ________数)。如:

7:20 seven twenty ; 8: 55 eight fiftyfive。

2. 使用介词(past或to)。

当分钟数≤30分钟时,使用介词________ , “分钟数+ past + 小时数”。如: 9:10 ten minutes past nine; 10: 30 half past ten;

当分钟数>30分钟时,使用介词________ ,“(60-分钟数)+ to + (小时数+1)”。 如: 11: 40 twenty minutes to twelve.

温馨提示:

(1)特殊时间段的表示法: 30分钟可以使用________代替;15

分钟可以使用________代替。如:

5: 30 half past five; 9: 45 a quarter to ten。

(2)在某一时刻使用介词________ 。

(3)提问时间使用: “What time is it?” 或“What's the

time?”

Ⅲ. 英语中的频度副词的用法

英语中常用的频度副词及含义: ________(总是;一直), ________ (通常), ________ (从来没有),___________ (有时

always 意思是―总是‖、―永远‖,表示动作重复,状态继续,中间没有间断,通常 用来修饰动词的一般时态。

例如:We always get up before six o'clock.我们总是六点前起床。

若修饰动词进行时,则有“老是”,“再三地”的意思,带有厌烦、不满、赞美等感情色彩。例如:You are always coming late.你老是迟到。(含有责备的意思)

He is always thinking of others.他总是想着别人。

usually(75%)意为―通常‖,着重表示已习惯的动作。反义词为:unusually。

例如:They usually have four classes in the morning.他们上午通常上四节课。

They usually do some shopping on Sunday.他们通常星期天买东西。

often(50%)意为―时常‖、―经常‖,表示常常这样,但不总是这样,反义词为: seldom。 例如:She often helps her mother with her housework after school. 放学后她常常帮助母亲做家务。

We often go to see our teacher.我们常去看望我们的老师。

sometimes(20%)表示―有时‖、―不时‖的意思,说明的是偶尔发生的事情或情况。它的位置比较灵活,可置于句首、句中、句末。

例如:Sometimes I come on foot.有时我步行来。

It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold here.这里有时,热有时冷。

★下面的排列更直观地说明了这几个词的频率的"大小"。 always>usually>often>sometimes>seldom>never

候) 等,常用在行为动词前。其他动词之后如动词be 之后:

I usually take a walk after dinner.

晚饭后我经常散步。

He never goes to school late.

他上学从不迟到。

They sometimes eat lunch at school.

他们有时候在学校吃午饭。

Ⅳ. What a funny time to eat breakfast! 在这个时间做早饭是多么有趣的啊!

释: 这是一个感叹句,what 意为 多么的,何等的 ,用于感叹句中,修饰后面的单数 或复数名词,其句式结构为:

(1)What a/an +形容词+单数名词+主语+谓语!

what a good girl she is!她是多么好的女孩啊!

(2)What+形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语!

What good girls they are!她们是多么好的女子啊!

(3)What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!

What terrible weather it is! 多么恶劣的天气啊!

注:how也可以引导感叹句,how 为副词,在感叹句中修饰动词,形容词或副词:

(1)How+形容词/副词+陈述句(主语+谓语)

How cold it is! 多冷啊! How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊! 练习

cold days!

Cold weather!

Cold it is!

基础巩固

Ⅰ.选择填空。(30分)

( ) 1. ―What's the time? ―_____half past nine.

A. Its B. It's C. This is D. They're

( )2. We go to _____ at six thirty in the morning.

A. the school B. a school C. school D. schools

( )3. —______ does your mother work? —In a school.

A. What B. How C. Where D. When

( )4. —What time is it? —It's ____eight o'clock.

A. at B. on C. in D. around

( )5. My English teacher is usually very busy(繁忙)______.

A. all night B. night C. all the night D. good night

( )6. Do you want to listen to the _____ story?A. funnily B. funny C. funy D. funer

( )7. What time does Jane ______ after school?

A. do her homework B. does her homework C. do her homeworks D. does her homeworks

( )8. He often takes ______ to the Santon Hotel.

A. number bus 17 B. the number 17 bus C. 17 number bus D. number 17 bus

( ) 9. I ______ at ten o'clock in the evening.

A. have breakfast B. get up C. go to bed D. watch morning TV

( ) 10.He eats ______ dinner at 7:30 in the evening. A. a B. an C. the D. /

( )11. Please write and tell me ______ your morning. A. for B. to C. about D. of

( )12. ______ Lucy and Lily go home at seven? A. Do B. Does C. Is D. Are

( )13. It's ten o'clock. I must go ____. A. to home B. home C. my home D. his home

( )14. I want to____ No. 5 bus to Tian'an Men Square.A. get B. come C. go D. take

( )15. ---Will you go there by_____train? ----No,, I‘ll take ______ taxi.

A. /;a B. a;the C./;/ D. the;a

( ) 16. We only have _______ shower. A. some B. an C. the D. one

( )17. My sister ____ home at 5:00 every day. A. gets B. gets to C. get D. get to

( )18. We can watch Beijing Opera _____ TV. A. in B. at C. on D. from

( )19. Let‘s ________.

A. take a shower B. have a shower C. take the shower D. A and B

( )20. My brother ___ the morning TV every day. A. watches B. watch C. watchs D. see

( )21. Do you know___________________?

A. what is his job B. what does his job C. what his job does D. what his job is

( )22. He likes ______ the radio(收音机)。

A. listens B. to listen to C. listens to D. to listen

( )23. Rick often does ____ homework at 6:00. A. her B. his C. my D. your

( )24. --- ______ do people have dinner?--- At home.

A. What B. When C. Where D. B and C

( )25. Jie Min usually gets up _______.

A. at six thirty B. at thirty six C. on six thirty D. on thirty six

( )26. In our school , school _____ at 7:30.

A. is B. start C. starts D. does

( )27. ----When does your mother go shopping?----Usually _____ Sunday morning.

A. on B. in C. at D. after

( )28. ---_____________? ---Sorry, I can‘t.

A. Can you play the drums B. Do you draw C. Are you here D. Can your brother dance

( )29. ---Do you have a watch? --- ________.

A. Yes, he does B. No, I‘m not C. No, I don‘t D. I don‘t know

( )30. They have no classes ________ Saturday and Sunday.

A. in B. on C. at D:from

二.句式转换(20分) 提问) How ________ __________ _________ he have?

2. Jack eats breakfast at home. (改为一般疑问句)______ Jack ______ breakfast at home?

3. Scott works very long hours every day. (改为否定句)

Scott ______ ______ very long hours every day.

4. He can do Chinese Kung Fu. (一般疑问句) _______ he _______ Chinese Kung Fu? 提问) _______ _______ Tim usually _______ to bed?

6. I do homework at seven. (否定句) I _______ ________ homework at seven. (划线提问) _______ ________ he often ________ lunch? .

三。用所给动词的正确形式填空。(10分)

1.Let‘s ______ (clean) the classroom.

2.He ______ (not go) to bed at 8:30.

3.She ______ (do) her homework at 7:00 in the evening.

4.Scott ________ (work) very long hours.

5.What time _______ you usually _____ (get) up?

6.His sister loves ________(play) the piano very much.

7.My father ________ (watch) TV in the evening.

8. Can Gina __________(swim), do you know?

9. Do you want ______________(know) about my school?

10. We have four __________(class) in the morning

.四.完成句子。(10分)

1.你的父亲七点钟去上班吗?______ your father ______ ______ ______ at seven?

2.你通常几点去睡觉?______ ______ do you usually ________ ________ ________?

3.请仔细地听老师讲课。Please ______ ______ the teacher carefully(仔细地).

4.我的弟弟在下午做家庭作业。My brother ______ ______ ______ in the afternoon.

5.你是什么时候到达合肥的?When do you ________ ______ Hefei?

6.请写信告诉我关于你们学校的事情。Please________ and _______ me_______ your school.

五. 写作(10)。

根据下列表格提示,以Alicia‘s Saturday为题写一篇60词左右的英语短文。

提示: from…to… 从…到…

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Unit 3 How do you get to school?

Ⅰ. how引导的一般现在时态的特殊疑问句

1. 特殊疑问词how提问动作的________。如:

—How do you go to school? “你如何上学呢?”

—I ride my bike to school. “我骑自行车去上学。”

2. 表达动作行为的方式, 使用动词take (乘坐)、ride (乘车) 、walk(步行)、fly(乘飞机)等;使用介词by等。主语+ take/ride/walk/fly + to + 地点=主语+ go to + 地点+ by + 交通工具。 如:

(1)He takes the plane to Beijing.

=He __________ _________Beijing.

=He goes to Beijing by _____________.

(2)She walks to school.

=She goes to school _________ _________.

2)翻译:动词词组:乘地铁乘火车

乘出租车 开车 乘公交车

介词词组:乘地铁乘飞机乘火车

乘出租车 开车 乘公交车

Ⅱ. how far 与 how long的区别

how far是提问两地之间的_________,how long 用来提问 _______________或某个事物的_________。如:

It is five kilometers from my home to my school. (距离)

→_______ _______ is it from your home to your school?

The river is 1,000 kilometers long. (距离)

→ _______ _______ is the river?

The meeting is 2 hours. (时间段)

→ _______ _______ is the meeting?

Ⅲ get to/ arrive in/arrive at/ reach

reach后不用加介词如 I reach school.

get要加介词,但接副词时不用如THERE HOME HERE

get to直接加地方

arrive in/at也直接加地方,但IN 是大地方,AT是小地方

reach,get,get to,arrive in/at都是及物动词,但arrive 不加介词时是不及物动词,可以不加宾语.

如:I arrive 我到达了。

不能说I reach,/get/,get to,它们后面要加宾语。

即学即练:

1)—When can you school? --I get to school at seven.

2) They Beijing yesterday.

3) They the bus stop.

4) We home at six.

基础巩固

一.单项选择

1.It‘s difficult for many students ________English.

A learn B to learn C learning D learns

2.All my classmates like _________music when they are free.

A listening to B to listen C listening D listen

3.Mr wang wants to _____with my mother after school.

A tell B speak C talk D say

4.Linda_______her homework at home.

A doesn‘t B don‘t C don‘t do D doesn‘t do

5. Don‘t eat too much ice-cream.It‘s not good ____your healeh.

A at B with C for D in

6.The vegetables_________.I like to eat them.

A taste well B tastes good

C taste well D taste good

7.What do you think____this new kind(种类)computer game?

A of B with C for D over

8. _______they________from six o‘clock in the moring to nine at night?

A Are, work B Does ,work C Is, work D Do, work

9.He has a _______life,he doesn‘t eat _______.

A healthy, quickly B health, quickly

C unhealthy, quick D healthy, quick

10.----We are going to the park this Sunday.

-----______________________.

A That‘s good. B You are right.

C Have a good day. D You are welcome.

11.----- ______ did you go there? ------By boat.

A. When B. Where C. How D. Who

12. ----- ________is it from your home to school? ------Three kilometers.

A. How far B. How much C. How soon D. How long

13.1t takes the old teacher half a year _________the book.

A. finish B. Finishing C. to finish D. finishes

14. ----How does he go to Hong Kong? -----___________

A. Take train B. By train C. By the train D. By trains

15. Our holiday is coming. Two________ our school want to go hiking.

A. hundred B. hundreds C. hundred of D. hundreds of

16. The students in the poor(贫穷的) village often go_______to cross the river to school.

A. take a ropeway B. by a ropeway C. in a ropeway D. on a ropeway

17. My uncle usually________a bus to go to work.

A. take B. by C. on D. takes

18. It's interesting_______us to swim in the river.

A of B. in C. with D. for

19. How about_______there by subway?

A.go B. to go C.goes D.going

20. How does Ken's mother _________ home?

A. get B. get to C. getting D. Gets

21. ---______does it take you to go to the park by taxi? -----About 30 minutes.

A. How B. How far C.How long D. How many

22.----How are you going to the train station to meet your aunt? ----I'm going there_____car.

A.by B. in C.to D.on

23.----- How do you _______the story? -------It's boring.

A. think of B. think about C. like D. get to

24. I like the party very much, but I _________go home. It's late.

A. may B.can C.can‘t D.have to

25. It will take the men half a year ________ the work. A. finish B. finishing C. to finish D. finishes

26. It is not far ________ his home. A. to B. from C. with D. and

27.I usually walk to school, _____ sometimes I ride a bike. A. so B. and C. but D. /

28. __________ do you do sports every day? -For about an hour.

A. How many B. How long C. How far D. How soon

29. What about _____________?A. take a taxi B. taking a taxi C. to take a taxi D. by a taxi

30. I often go to work ________. A. ride my bike B. by bike C. by a bike D. on bike

31.--____ do you usually come to school in the morning? --By bike. A.What B.Where C.When

D.How

32.The old man goes to the park ________ every morning. A.by foot B.by feet C.on foot

D.on feet

33..--_________ does it take?--It takes about half an hour. A.What time B.When C.How

D.How long

34.It takes ________ half an hour ________ on foot.

A.my, to get to school B.me, to get to school C.my, going to school D.me, going to school

35.In South Korea, most students get to school ________.

A.take a subway B.in the subways C.by the subway D.by subways

36. ---- How do you usually come to school? -----______ my father‘s car.

A. By B. In C. With D. For

二.用所给单词的适当形式填空

6. Lily usually _________ ( have) breakfast at 7 : 00in the morning.

7. It's over three _________ ( hour) ride from Shijiazhuang to Beijing.

8.How_________Bob _________(get) to school?

9. It takes them ten minutes_________ ( walk) to hotel every day.

10, What about_________ (leave) for Beijing for vacation?

三一般现在时语法专练。

1. Mike 2. My sister 3. Li Lei often 4. you 5. We (begin) class at seven thirty in the morning.

6. My brother 7. –When they (clean) the house? --They usually in the afternoon.

8. Light faster than sound(travel). .

四同义句转换

1. The girl is five years old.

She is a _________________ girl.

2. He spends half an hour watching TV every night.

______ ______him thirty minutes _____ ______TV every night.

五书面表达(15分)

假如你是李明,根据下面的提示写一篇短文。要求60词左右。

提示:

1.你骑自行车上下学;

2.你的父亲乘地铁上下班;

3.你的母亲步行上下班。

Unit 4 Don’t eat in class

Ⅰ.祈使句

定义: 用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫__________句。

时态: 使用______________时态。

结构: 动词原形+其他成分+ please. 否定祈使句在动词原形前面加__________ 。如:

Be quiet in the classroom, please.

在教室里请保持安静。

Don't fight. 不要打架

Ⅱ.情态动词have to 和must

1.情态动词have to和must都表示“__________”的意思。have to 表示从__________条

件上来看必须做某事;must表示说话人 __________必须要做某事。如:

There is no bus, you have to walk home.

(没有公交车是客观条件)

没有公共汽车,你必须走回家。

I must study English well. (想学好英语是一种主观想法)

我必须要学好英语。

2. have to有__________、__________和__________的变化,而must 只有一种形式。

如:

He has to stay at home, it's raining.

他必须待在家中,下雨了。

3.在否定结构中don't have to表示“__________”, 而mustn't表示“__________”。如:

You don't have to wait for him. 你没必要等他。

You mustn't play with fire. It's dangerous.

你禁止玩火。那很危险。

【练习吧】

( )1. —Can I go to the park, Mum?

—Certainly. But you ________be back before six

o'clock.

A. can B. may C. might D. must

( )2. You ________ stop when the traffic light turns

red.

A. can B. have to

C. need D. had better

( )3. ________ come late to school tomorrow!

A. Do B. Does

C. Be D. Don't

Ⅲtoo much / too many / much too

too much“太多”,修饰不可数名词。 too much water太多水

too many“太多”,修饰可数名词复数。 too many children太多孩子

much too“太”,修饰形容词或副词。 much too small太小

基础巩固

一.单选题

can you see in the picture?

A.What other B. What else C. Other what D. Where else

2.Our teacher told us in class.

A. not to eat B. don‘t eat C. not eat D. to not eat

3. They have rules in their class.

A. too much B . much too C. too many D. many too

4. Please play volleyball here.

A.no B. do C. don‘t D. not

5_____Sam ___go to bed by ten?

A.Do; has to B .Does; have to C. Does; has to D. Do, have to

6. ---What are the school rules?---We _____ arrive late for class.

A. don‘t B. can‘t C. aren‘t D. don‘t have to

7. We don‘t know Jack _____ Bruce.

A. and B. or C. about D. of

8. Students can‘t _____ hats in the classroom.

A. put on B. wear C. in D. wearing

9. He often _____ English with the classmates.

A. practice speak B. practices speak C. practices speaking D. practice speaking

10. There is ______ water on the floor.

A. too many B. too much C. much too D. many too

11. We can‘t be late _______ school.

A. of B. on C. at D. for

12. Please help me _____ English.

A. speaking B. to learning C. with speak D. learn

13. Lulu, don‘t the dirty shoes in the bedroom.

A. leave B. forget C. drop D. get

14. There are too many _____________in the kitchen

A. apple B. chicken C. vegetables D. fruit

15. I can‘t go out to play with my friends ____________ school nights.

A. at B. on C. in D. with

16. On weekends I go to the Children‘s Palace___________

the piano.

A. to learn B. learn C. learned D. learns.

17. -----Do you have to go to bed by 11:00?

-----Yes, I __________. .

A. do B. does C. did D. to do

18. Remember to take your things home. Don‘t __________ them at school. to put B. have C. make D. leave

二. 完成句子

1. 他们刚刚到车站。

They _____________ ___________ the station just now.

2. 不许上课迟到。

Don‘t ____________ ____________ __________ class.

3. 我们能在教室里听音乐么?____________ we __________ _______ __________ in the classroom?

4. 在学校里我们必须穿校服么?

_______ we ______________ _______ _____________ a ____________ at school?

5.我们在学校不得不穿校服,留短发。

At school, we __________ _____ __________ __ uniforms and ____________ our hair ____________.

6. 我跟迈克学游泳。

I learn ____________ ____________ from Mike.

7. 最好保持安静。

It‘s best ___________ _________ _____.

三. 句型转换

1.Molly has to read a book before she can watch TV.

(变一般疑问句, 做肯定回答)

_________ Molly __________ _________ read a book before she can watch TV?

2. Please be quiet. (同义句)

_________ __________ __________, please.

3.I have to practice the guitar every day. (画线提问)

_________ do you __________ _______ _________?

4.He must clean the room on weekends. (同义句)

He ________ ______ _______ the room on weekends.

5.We can play ball games, too. (否定句)

We ____________ ____________ ball games, 6.No foods in class. (变同义句)

_______________________ in class.

7. Talk in class.(变成否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

Unit 5 Why do you like pandas?

┃语法探究┃

Ⅰ.why引导的特殊疑问句

特殊疑问副词why 在句子中用来提问__________ 。

结构: Why + do(n't)/does(n't) + 主语+ 其他?

回答: Why 引起的特殊疑问句只能用because来回答。如:

—Why do you like monkeys? 你为什么喜欢猴子?

—Because they are very clever.因为它们很聪明。

Ⅱ. where 引导的特殊疑问句

特殊疑问副词where 在句子中用来提问__________。

结构: Where + be + 主语+ 其他?

Where + do/does + 主语+ 动词原形+ 其他? 如:

—Where are you from? 你来自哪里?

—I am from Shandong. 我来自山东。

—Where does Peter live? 彼得住在哪里?

—He lives in UK. 他住在英国。

Ⅲ.否定疑问句

在本课中“Isn't she beautiful? ” 是否定疑问句。

结构: 助动词与not的缩写式+ 主语+ (实义动词) + 其他?

回答: 回答时要“根据事实,前后一致,翻译相反”。如:

—It's raining all day. Isn't it boring?

— Yes, it is. I can't go out to play.

“雨下了一整天了。难道不令人讨厌吗?”

“不,是挺令人讨厌的。 我不能出去玩了。”

【练习吧】

( )1.—________are you from?

— I'm from Changchun.

A. When B. Where C. Who D. How

( )2.— ________ are you late today?

—________ there is so much traffic on my

way here. I can't drive my car fast.

A. Why; because B. Where; because C. Why; for D. When; since

基础巩固

一单项选择

1. Let‘s ____ after school.

A. to play basketball B. play basketball C. play a

2. --- _____ do you like animals? --- _____ they are cute.

A. Why, Because B. Why, So C. What, Because

3. Do you want _____?

A. eat rice B. to eat rice C. to eat rices

4. _________ these tigers _______ from?

A. Where, are B. Where, come C. Where are, /

5. I like koalas because they are _________ friendly.

A. a kind of B. kind of C. kinds of

6. I like_______, but this afternoon I don‘t like_______.

A.swimming;swimming B.to swim; to swim

C.swimming; to swim D. to swim; swimming

7.The trees are green. Don‘t______

A. cut down them B. cut them up

C. cut them dowm D. cut up them

8. One of the boys________pet. The pet is really cute.

A. have B. has C. keep D. save单项选择:

9. The monkeys ______ interesting.

A. kind of B. kinds of C. are kind of D. are kinds of

10. Why _____ go to the zoo?

A. don‘t B. not C. not you D. you don‘t

11. _____ I‘m hungry, _____ I have some food.

A. Because, so B. So, because C. Because, / D. So, /

12. ______ are from _______.

A. Chinese, Chinese B. Australian, Australia

C. Japanese, Japan D. English, English

13. --- What _____ do you like? --- I like elephants.

A. animals B. sports C. books D. places

14. Don‘t _______.

A. shy B. to be shy C. to shy D. be shy

15. The koalas sleep ____ the day and get up _____ night.

A. during, at B. at, during C. at, at D. during, during

16. Pandas are very _____ and ______. We all like them.

A. friendly, ugly B. cute, scary C. dangerous, beautiful D. shy, smart

17. My sister likes to read_____ at home.

A. and write B. to write C. and to write D. to writing 18.He ______ come from England.

A. isn‘t B. doesn‘t C. is D. don‘t

二按要求完成句子

1. I like monkeys because they are cute. (就划线部分提问)

______ ______ you like monkeys?

2. The koala comes from Australia. (变否定句)

The koala ________ ________ from Australia.

3. The beautiful girl wants to see giraffes. (对划线部分提问)

________ ________ does the shy girl want to see?

三根据汉语完成句子

(1) 我有点冷。I am _____ ______ cold.

(2). 这只老虎3岁了。The tiger is 3 ________ ________ .

(3). 他喜欢吃什么水果?________ fruit _______he like ?

(4) 企鹅来自南极。_______ ________ from the South Pole .(南极)

(5)他想玩电脑游戏.He ______ ________play computer games.

(6).欢迎来到我们学校_______ _________ to our school.

(7).狮子惹人喜爱。The lions ____________ ________________.

(8).咱们先读第三单元吧________read Unit 3_______________.

(9).但我很喜欢熊猫.But I ________pandas _______ _______?

Unit 6 I’m watching TV,.

┃语法探究┃

现在进行时态

1.定义: 现在进行时表示现在或现阶段正在进行或发生的 ________或存在的________ 。

2.构成: 助动词be(is/am/are)+ v. ing。

时间状语标志: now, at the moment, look, listen 或“It's+某一时刻”等。

3.句式结构:

①肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are + v. ing.

②否定句: 主语+ am/is/are + not + v. ing.

③一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are + 主语 +v. ing?

肯定、否定回答: Yes, I am./No, I'm not.

Yes, ? is./No,? isn't.

Yes, ? are./No, ? aren't.

④特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ am/is/are + 主语+ v. ing?

4. v. ing的构成方法:

①规则动词后加ing。如:

watch —__________ ; read —__________ ;

listen —__________ ;

②以不发音字母e结尾的动词去掉e, 再加ing。 如:

make —__________; use —__________; exercise —__________; live —__________; ③以重读闭音节结尾的动词,末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母,再加ing。 如: put—__________; stop —__________; sit —__________; begin —__________。

【练习吧】

( )1. [2012·衢州] —Hush, be quiet! The baby

________in the next room.

—Oh, sorry.

A. sleeps B. slept

C. is sleeping D. was sleeping

( )2.[2012·广东] Don't bother him. He ________to

the weather report. He is leaving for

another city.

A. will listen B. is listening

C. listens D. listened

其他

1. Sure“的确,当然”,相当于Certainly,可代替Yes作肯定回答。

Do you like pandas? Sure! 你喜欢熊猫吗? 当然!

2. wait for….等候??

3. talk to…“和/对??说话”(主要指一方说,另一方听)

talk with…“和??交谈”(指双方交谈)

talk about…“谈论??”

4. family“家庭,家人”,是个集合名词。指整体概念即“家庭”时为单数名词,指组成家庭的成员即“家人“时,为复数名词。

1) 他的家庭是个幸福的家庭。His family is a happy family.

2) 他家人在看电视。 His family are watching TV.

基础巩固

一. 单项选择。(30分)

( )1. What is Kate doing? __________

A. She is in the room. B. Yes, she is C. She is reading D. She is run

( )2.Look! What is Tom doing? He‘s _______ TV.

A.seeing B.looking C.looking at D.watching

( )3.______ are they playing football? A.What B.Who C.Which D.Where

( ) 4. A: Is he writing or reading? B: ________.

A. Yes, he is B. No, he isn‘t C. He‘s reading D. Yes, he is writing.

( )5. The men ________ to the radio.

A. are listening B. listening C. is listening D. are listenning

( 6. Thanks for_______me. A. helps B. is helping C. helping D. help

( )7. We are doing ______.

A. our homework B. our homeworks C. her homework D. his homework

( )8. Here ______ a photo of my family. You can see me in it. A. are B. is C. am D. be

( )9.______ the first photo, I ______ at the mall.

A. On; shop B. On; shopping C. In; am shoping D. In; am shopping

( )10. Do you want ______ to the movies with us this evening?

A. go B. to go C. goes D. going

( )11. Look,Nancy _______ a letter to her parents.

A. writing B. is writing C. is writeing D. writes

( )12. Listen! Who_________? ---Emma is.

A. singing B. is singing C. sing D. are singing

( )13. —Where is Mike? —He‘s _______ the pool.

A. swim at B. swimming at C. swiming at D. swims

( )14.It‘s six o‘clock. The Green family _______ dinner.

A. is eating B. are eatting C. are eating D. eats

( )15. Jimmy likes _______ soccer. Look! He is _________ soccer.

A. playing; playing B. play; play C. plays; plays D. playing; plays

( )16. That sounds very _______.A. nice B. good C. well D. both A

and B

( )17.This is a photo _______ my family.A. of B. on C. in D. ’s

( )18. Who _______my parents talking _______?

A. are; / B. is; / C. are; to D. is; at

( )19. Kate has many _______,and she likes _______ very much.

A. pictures; them B. picture; them

C. pictures; it D. picture; it

( )20. Thank you for _________ me a letter.

A. write B. to write C. is writing D. writing

( )2 1. Please be quiet, my grandfather___________ .

A sleep B sleeps C is sleeping D are sleeping

( ) 22. In__________ photo, a boy is playing soccer.

A two B second C the two D the second

( )2 3. Look! Mary and her brother ___________ there.

A are talking over B is talking over C are talking to D are talking about

( ) 24. I_________ my room every day. But now I __________. .

A clean, am reading B am cleaning, reading C cleaning, read D clean, read

( ) 25. In the picture you can see a boy swimming. His father ___________ him.

A sees B is looking C is look at D is watching

( ) 26. It‘s 7o‘clock. Tom___________ dinner at home.

A is having B have C has D having

( ) 27. We __ any Chinese classes on Thursdays. And we __an English class now.

A aren‘t having, are having B don‘t have , have

C don‘t have, are having D aren‘t having, don‘t have

( ) 28. ----Let‘s go to the park, Lily. ----- . Shall we go now?

A Sorry, I can‘t B Sure C It‘s boring D Thanks

( ) 29. -----Ling Ming, are you listening or writing? ----- .

A Yes, I am B I‘m listening C No, I am not writing D I‘m listening and writing

( ) 30. -----What are you doing? ----- _________. It is too dirty.

A I‘m doing my homework B I‘m playing computer games

C I‘m cleaning the room D I‘m writing

二 用所给的单词的适当形式填空。(10分)

1. The __________(man) are playing cards under the tree in the park.

2. Listen! Lisa 3. Look, Jack! Who ____________(clean) the blackboard?

4. We want ___________(buy) some books.

5. Can you ______________(look) after the child, Ann?

6. It is seven o‘clock . They _____________(eat) some cakes.

7. ___________(do) he often get up early?

Yes, he does. He __________(read) English now.

8. Let‘s ____________(have) some salad. Good idea . I like it very much.

9Listen, some boys _______________(talk) in the room.

三.句型转换。(10分) (就划线部分提问)

__________ _______ Ann ____________? (就划线部分提问)

________ _________ they __________?

3. Tom often draws pictures in the evening.

(用now改写句子) Tom ______ ______ pictures now.

4. Linda is writing a letter to her pen pal.

(改为否定句) Linda______ ______a letter to her pen pal.

四.据课文翻译句子。(10分)

1.我正在看电视。 I am _________ TV.

2.他们正在打电话。They‘re _______ _________ the phone.

3.Tom正在做家庭作业吗? 不,他在写信。

Is Tom ______ his _____? No, he_____ _____a _____.

4.你想去看电影吗?Do you _______ ________ _______ to the movies?

5.这个电视节目很无聊。This _____ _______ is ________.

6.你妈妈正在等谁? ________ is your mother ______ _______?

7.我爷爷在看报纸。

My grandfather is __________ ___________ __________.

五.作文(15分)

假如现在是晚上七点半,请你根据Tom提供的信息,写一篇短文描述Tom一家人此刻的活动情况,六十词左右。

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