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新目标英语七年级下 Units 1--6短语与句子

发布时间:2014-01-31 11:38:35  

Unit 1

1、be/come from:来自 2、live in Paris:住在巴黎

3、write to me soon:快点给我写信 4、play sports:运动、锻炼 5、speak a little French:讲一点法语

6、like going to the movies with my friends:喜欢和我的朋友去看电影

7、tell sb about...告诉某人关于……tell sb. sth./ tell sth. to sb.告诉某人某事 tell sb. ( not ) to do sth.告诉某人(不)去做某事 8、an interesting country: 一个有趣的国

9、in November: 在十一月 10、speak a little French: 说一点法语 11、like playing sports:喜欢做运动 12、her favorite language:她最喜欢的语言 13、write to Tom:写信给汤姆 14、Jolie’s pen pal:朱利的笔友 15、likes and dislikes:好恶、爱憎

16. speak English / say sth. in English 说英语 句型:

1. Where are you from?=Where do you come from? 2. Where is he from? = Where does he come from? 3. What language do you speak? 4. What language does he speak?

1

5. Where do you live? ---I live in Paris.

Unit 2

1、打扰了Excuse me 2、散步 take a walk/have a walk/ go for a walk

3.开心做某事 have fun doing sth.

have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得高兴

4、向左/右转 turn (to the )left/ (to the )right

5、一个干净又宁静的超市 : clean and quiet supermarket 6、一直走 go straight

7、穿过公园 go through the park 8、在右边 on the right

9、欢迎来中国 Welcome to China 10、参观格林大道 visit Green Street

11、世界之旅的开始 the beginning of the world tour

12、买一些食品 buy some food 13、饭店隔壁 next to the restaurant

14、乘出租车 take/have a taxi / by taxi

15、沿着长街走 go down /along/up Long Street

16、穿过第六大道 go through Sixth Street 17、在新公园右转 turn right at New Park

18、在大桥街 on Bridge Street 19、旅途愉快 have a good trip

20、去学校的路 the way to school 21、邮局:post office

22、公用电话:pay phone 23、在第五大街 on Fifth Avenue

24、中心街道 on Center Street 25、靠近… next to

26、在…对面 be across from 27、在…和…之间 between... and....

28、在一个安静/繁忙的街道上on a quiet/busy street

29、在附近 near here=in the neighborhood 30、在你家附近near your home

31、在你的右边 on your right 32、欢迎到…来 welcome to spc....

33、花园区 the Garden District 34、花园游览the garden tour

35、步行穿过…take a walk through 36、经过…pass...

37、有花园的房子… a house with a garden 38、….的开头 the beginning of...

39、一个玩的高兴的好地方a good place to have fun

40、在超市买些食buy some food in the supermarket

41、去我家的路 the way to my home  42、一个干净的公园a clean park

43、一条安静的街道a quiet street 44、一家旧旅馆an old hotel

45、一个繁华的超市a busy supermarket

46、三个很脏的房间three very dirty rooms

怎么问路:

Is there … near hear?

Is there … in the neighborhood?

Where is the post office …?

Can you tell me where the post office is ?

Can you tell me how to get to…?

Can you tell me how I can get to …?

Can you show me the way to…?

How can I get to…?

怎么指路:

Go along+地点

Go up/down+地点

2

Go straight.

Turn right/ left at the … turning / crossing

Turn to the right/ to the left.

It’s on the left/ right.

It’s next to / in front of …

语法点.

1. 表示某地有某物用句型:There be…

肯定句:There is + 不可数名词或可数名词单数。

There are + 可数名词复数。

否定句:Is /are there….? ---Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

---Yes, there are./ No ,there aren’t.

2. 某人拥有或附带有用“have/ has”.

3. across 和through 的区别。

across : 横跨(马路road 桥bridge 河面river海洋ocean等)

through:纵向穿过(街道street公园park森林forest村庄village洞hole云层cloud等)

4. 到达:

get to + 地点

I will get to Beijing on Monday. arrive in+ 大地方/ at +小地方 I will arrive in Beijing on Monday.

reach + 地点 I will arrive at the park at five o’clock.

I will reach Beijing on Monday.

5. between…and…: (两者)之间 among: 三者或三者以上之间

6. enjoy doing sth.:喜欢做某事

enjoy oneself:= have a good time= have fun 玩的开心

7. hope to do sth或.hope + that 从句 “希望…”

8. the way to + 地点 “ 去…的路”

9. 祈使句用动词原形开头。 如: Please read English in the morning.

10. Thank you very much .= Thanks a lot.

11. Thank you for sth.\ doing sth.

如: 谢谢你给我写信。Thanks for your letter.= Thanks for writing to me.

12. 对感谢的回答: You’re welcome.不用谢。

Not at all.不用谢。\ 不客气。

It’s all right.\ That’s all right. 没关系。

3

Unit 3

短语

1、let sb do sth.让某人做某事 let sb. not do 让某人不做某事

2、kind of=a bit =a little 稍微、有点 3、有点有趣:kind of interesting

4、有点懒:kind of lazy 一种…a kind of

各种各样的all kinds of 什么类型的what kind of

5、来自南非:be from South Africa 6、对某人友好:be friendly /good /nice to sb

7、和某人友好相处:be friendly/good with sb

8、喜欢做某事(习惯性的):like doing sth

9、喜欢做某事(偶尔一次的、未发生的):like to do sth

10、保持安静:be/keep quiet 11、在白天:during/in the day

12、在晚上:at night=in the night 13、每天:every day

14、每天的、日常的:everyday 15、和朋友一起玩:play with one's friends

16、在白天睡觉:sleep during the day

17、他12岁:He is twelve years old./ He is a twelve-year-old boy.

18、起床:get up 19、吃叶子:eat leaves 20.擅长做某事 be good at sth. / doing sth.

21. 擅长做某事 be clever at sth./doing sth 22.擅长做某事do well in

23. 和某人玩耍 play with sb. 24. 睡觉 go to sleep 25. have a rest

26. 要求某人做某事 ask sb. to do 27.告诉某人做事tell sb .to do sth.

28 想要某人做某事want sb. to do sth. 29.帮助某人做某事help sb . (to) do sth.

30.让某人做某事let sb. do sth. 31.最好做某事 had better do sth.

32.最好别做某事had better not do sth.

33.为什么不做某事?Why not do sth.?=Why don’t you do sth.?

句子:

1. Why do you like pandas?--- Because they are kind of cute.

2. What other animals do you like ?--- I like elephants.

语法:

1. because回答 why的提问。注意because不能和 so连用。

2. kind of + 形容词。 a kind of /all kinds of/what kind of +名词。

3. some 和any: some一般用于肯定句中,any 用于否定、疑问句中。 但是表示委婉请求时用some如:Would you please give me some water?

any 表示:“任一的”时用于肯定句中。

4. other / the other/ others/ the others的区别

other: 可做形容词或代词。 泛指其他的人和物。

the other : 特指两个当中的另一个。常常构成: one… the other…

others 是other 的复数形式,泛指另外的几个或其余的。

the others 是特指某一范围的其他的,别的…

5. leaf (复数)_____ leaves grass 不可数名词 meat 不可数名词

6. many/ a few/ few 只能修饰可数名词复数。

much / a little /little : 只能修饰不可数名词。

lots of= a lot of 即可修饰可数名词又可修饰不可数名词。

7.do /does/ can 后面只能跟动词原形。

8. had better(最好做…): 后只能跟动词原形。

4

9.Why not (为什么不):后只能跟动词原形。

10. look: 看 look at sth. 看… (强调看的动作)

see: 强调看的结果

watch: 观看(电视、球赛、表演等) ( 指长时间的带有感情色彩的注视)

Unit 4

1、他是干什么的?: What does he do?=what's he?=What's his job?

2、和某人一起工作:work with sb 3、在、、、、、、工做:work at/in.....

4、为、、、、、、工作:work for... 以…身份/职业而工作work/ a job as…

5、给某人某物:give sth to sb=give sb sth

6、从、、、、得到、、、、:get sth from ....

7、穿着白色的制服:wear a white uniform(状态)

8、穿上你的衣服:put on your coat(动作) 9、有点危险:kind of dangerous

10、两个小偷:two thieves 11、和某人交谈:talk to/with sb

12、谈论、、、、、:talk about sb/sth 13、问某人问题:ask sb questions

14、工作得晚:work late 工作努力work hard 15、做某事迟到:be late for sth.

16、出去就餐:go out to dinners 17、忙碌:be busy

18、忙于做、、、: be busy with sth=be busy doing sth

19、对、、、、感兴趣:be/become interested in....

20、一个有趣的工作:an interesting job

21、努力工作:work hard 22、艰苦的工作:hard work

23、一项适合你的工作:a job for you 24、给你提供一个工作:have a job for you

25、和演员一起工作:work with actors

26、打电话给晚报:call the Evening Newspaper

27、在医院:in/at a hospital 住院 (be) in hospital 28、很多,许多:a lot of=lots of

29、 想要做……:want to do... 30、招聘广告:want ads

31、其他年轻人:other young people 32、参加校园剧的演出:be in the school play

33、需要一名医生:need a doctor 34、售货员,店员: sales assistant

35、警官:police officer 36、银行职员:bank clerk

37、 害怕,恐怕…: be afraid of 38、电视台:TV station

39、警察局:police station 40、流行歌手:pop singer

41、重要人物;very important person 42、出去:go out

43、校园剧:school play 44、尽可能快地:as soon as possible

45、晚报:evening newspaper 46、数钱:count money

47、有点儿危险:kind of dangerous 48、写故事:write stories

49、运动教练:a sports coach 50、图书管理员:a library assistant

51、在将来:in the future 52. 给某人买… buy sb. sth./ buy sth. for sb. 句型

1. 问职业:What does sb. do ?= What is sb.?/ What is sb’s job.? (回答用职业名词)

2. 我认为他的工作非常有趣。I think his job is very interesting.

3. 我认为这是一项有趣的工作。 I think it is a very interesting job.

4. What do you want to be ? 你想当/干什么职业?( 回答用职业名词)

5. Where does he work? 他在哪儿工作? (回答用地点)

语法点:

5

1. work : 即可做动词又可做名词。 work 是不可数名词

a piece of work: 一份工作 much work许多工作

2. job : 可数名词 a job 一份工作

3. wear /put on 的区别:

Wear: 穿/带… ( 表示穿、带的状态)

如: 他今天穿着一件红色的外套。 He is wearing a red coat today.

Put on : 穿上/ 带上… ( 表示动作)

如: 外面天冷,请穿上外套。It’s cold outside. Please put on your coat.

5. in + 颜色 : 表示穿的状态。

如;她今天穿着一件白色的毛衣.She is in a white sweater today. /

或She is in white.

6. sometimes/ sometime/ some times / some time 的区别

sometimes:有时 some times 几次/ 几倍

sometime某一时候 some time 一段时间

7. 怎么写应聘信和招聘信

Unit 5

1、看电视:watch TV 看球赛 watch games

2、看书: read a book=read books=do some reading

3、看一只小鸟look at a little bird 4、骑自行车ride a bike

5、看电影:go to the movies / see a film 6、做家庭作业:do (one's)homework

7、那听起来还不错:That sounds good/nice.8、写信:write a letter

9、这个电视剧无聊: This TV show is boring/isn't interesting. 10、等候、、:wait for....

11、等候某人做某事:wait for sb to do sth 等待去做某事wait to do sth.

12、游泳:swim=have a swim=go swimming

13、购物:shop=go shopping=do some shopping 14、在图书馆:in the library

15、 打篮球:play basketball 16、谢谢你的来信:Thanks for your letter.

17、谢谢某人做某事:thanks/thank sb for doing sth

18、在第一张图里:in the first photo 19、一些图片:some photos

20、在游泳池里游泳:swim at the pool 21、下一张图片:the next photo

22、在家里:at home \ in the home 23、和某人在一起:be with sb

24、最后一张图片:the last photo 25、我的全家福:a photo of my family

26、打电话:talk on the phone 27、我的一些照片:some of my photos

28、电视节目:TV show 29、这是、、:This is....我是…(介绍人用)

30. 你是谁?Who is that? ( 打电话用语)

31. 是…在说话吗? Is that …(speaking)?

句型:

1. What are you /we/ they doing?

2. What is he /she /it /sb. doing?

3. Do you want to go to the movies?

4. When do you want to go?

5. Let’s go at six o’clock.

6. Thanks for sth. /doing sth.

7. Here is/ are + 名词。

6

语法:

1. 现在进行时的构成: is/ am /are doing

2. 判断现在进行时的关键线索词:Look Listen now Where is sb.? 等等

3. 动词加__ ing 的规则: 1) 直接加_ing 如: study_studying

2) 以不发音的e 结尾的词,去e加__ing 如:

have_having

3) 双写后一辅音字母再加__ing 如:run _running

4) 以ie 结尾的变ie为y 再加__ing. 如: lie_ lying

符合双写的规则: 通常来说,从单词的后面往前数,辅音-原音-辅音,重读,就双写。常见的双写的单词:run___ running sit__ sitting put __ putting cut___ cutting swim__ swimming

shop__shopping stop__ stopping begin__ beginning

forget__ forgetting(忘记)

4. 如何用英语打电话。 我是… This is …

你是… Is that …( speaking)?

Who is that?

5. 书信的书写格式:

一. 称呼,Dear…后用逗号

二. 正文

三. 结束语

Unit 6

阳光的 sunny 多云的cloudy 多风的windy

多雨的rainy 多雪的snowy 多雾的foggy 结冰的icy

1、今天云南的天气怎么样?:

How's the weather in Yunnan today?= What's the weather like in Yunnan today?

2、做晚饭:cook dinner /supper 3、玩电脑游戏:play computer games

4、你怎么样?(两人见面时)How's it going with sb./ sth.?

5、相当好:pretty good 6、好天气:fine/nice weather

7、在雨中:in the rain 8、一个有风的晚上:a windy night 在一个有风的晚上 on a windy night

9、环球节目:Around The World show 10、中央电视台:CCTV

11、阳光明媚的一天:a beautiful, sunny day

12、许多人:many/a lot of /lots of people

13、在度假:on vacation(介词) 14、在度假:take a vacation(动词)

15、多云的:be cloudy 16、刮风的:be windy

17、热的/冷的/温暖的/凉爽的/潮湿的:be hot/cold/warm/cool/humid

18、拍照:take photos=take a photo

19、躺在沙滩上:lie on the beach 正躺在沙滩上:be lying on the beach

20、一群学生:a group of students 21、这群孩子:this group of children

22、打沙滩排球:play beach volleyball

23、看上去很酷/漂亮/年轻:look cool/beautiful/young

24、惊讶:be surprised +从句 25、惊讶做、、、、:be surprised to do sth

26、对、、、感到惊讶:be surprised at.... 令… 惊讶的是 to one’s surprise

27、在高温下/在这么热的天:in this heat= in this hot weather

7

28、玩的高兴:have a good time=have fun=enjoy oneself

29、戴围巾:wear scarfs / scarves

30、中央电视台世界各地节目:CCTV's Around The World show

31、确实很舒适 :really very relaxed 32、弹吉他:play the guitar

句型:

1. What’s the weather like?= How is the weather?天气怎么样?

2. How is it going with sb./ sth.? 近来怎么样?

3. Look at sb. doing sth..看某人正在做某事。

4. Thank you for sth./ doing sth.谢谢你…

5. The people are really relaxed.这些人真的非常放松。

6. It is rainy. 在下雨。(强调状态)

7. It is raining. 正在下雨。(强调动作)

8. There is + 单数可数名词或不可数名词。

9. There are + 可数名词复数。

10. There be sb. doing sth.+地点。如:There is a girl singing in the room.

11. Here is + 单数可数名词或不可数名词。 这儿有…

12. Here are 复数可数名词。

13. It is time( for sb.) to do sth.该是某人做某事的时候了。

14. It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事。

15. It’s + 形容词(+for sb) + to do sth. 对某人来说做…是…

语法:

1. _ed 形容词和__ ing形容词的区别:

_ed形容词 “指人对...感到…”; _ing形容词 “指物令人…”

如: surprised/ surprising; relaxed/ relaxing; interested/ interesting

bored/ boring ; excited/ exciting; tired/ tiring 等都是这个用法

2. 不定代词做主语,谓语动词用单数。如: Everyone is having a good time . 常见的不定代词: everyone/everybody someone/somebody anyone/anybody no one/ nobody something/ anything/ everything等

3. Look 的用法:

1) look (at) … : 看… ( 是实义动词,后面用副词修饰)

如: 认真看黑板:Look at the blackboard carefully.

2) look: 看起来 ( 联系动词,后面+ 形容词)

如: 他看起来高兴 。 He looks happy.

和看起来look有相同用法的词:sound听起来+ 形容词

swell闻起来+形容词

taste尝起来+ 形容词 feel摸起来+ 形容词

7. 本学期常见的不可数名词

news: 消息 paper:纸 meat 肉 grass 草 work工作 homework家庭作业 housework家务活

fun 乐趣/ 娱乐 weather天气

many许多/ a few有点儿/ few几乎没有: 只能修饰可数名词

much许多 / a little有点儿/ little几乎没有 : 只能修饰不可数名词

lots of = a lot of许多 既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词 8

some/any一些 既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词 9

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