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湖北省武汉为明实验学校九年级英语全册《Unit 9 When was it invented》(第二课时)学案

发布时间:2014-01-31 12:35:44  

《Unit 9 When was it invented》(第二课时)

班级_______ 姓名_________ 日期_____

学习目标 熟练掌握被动语态用法,学会用被动语态表达对发明事物的认识和看法。

学习重点 1.熟练运用一般过去时的被动语态。2 词汇Light bulb microwave oven 课堂导学方案

导学1.hear和listen to

hear只是强调听见了,指声音传进了耳朵。 listen to的意思是集中注意力,尽量听清楚。 例如: Suddenly I heard a strange noise.我突然听到一个奇怪的声响。 I can hear you.我能听到你说话。 Listen to me please.请听我说。

I heard them talking in next room,but I didn‘t really listen to what they were saying. 我听到他们在隔壁房间里说话,但我实在没注意听他们说什么。


Did you hear Jack‘s talk on Tuesday? 你听了星期二杰克的演讲吗?

但是可以说:I spent the night listening to records.


注意:hear一词一般不用于进行时。不说I am hearing或I was hearing,

而用can或could。例如:I can hear somebody coming.我能听见有人来了。

导学2.被动语态 语态是动词的一种形式,它表示主语和谓语的关系。语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。如果主语是动作的执行者,或者是说动作是由主语完成的,要用主动语态;如果主语是动作的承受者,或者是说动作不是由主语而是由其他人完成的,则用被动语态。


TENSE 主动语态 被动语态

一般现在时 be+V.\V.s am\is\are+V(p.p)

一般将来时 will\be going to+V. will be +V(p.p)

现在进行时 am\is\are+V.ing am\is\are+being+V(p.p)

一般过去时 ①was\were ②V.ed was\were+V(p.p)

现在完成时 have\has+V.p.p have\has+been+V(p.p)

过去完成时 had+V.p.p had+been+V(p.p)

过去进行时 was\were+V.ing was\were+being+V(p.p)

情态动词 情态动词+V. 情态动词+be+V(p.p)

导学3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动语态中不带to ,但变为被动语态时,须加上to 。

例:make somebody do something→ somebody+ be +made to do something see somebody do something→ somebody +be +seen to do something

1.A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.

→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by.

2.The boss made the little boy do heavy work .

→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss.


( )1. A Knife is used for ______ things A cutting B. cut C cuts D to cut

( )2. Anna is ____to choose her own clothes . A. allowed B. allows C. allowing

D . allow

( )3. He finished the homework __. A. in the end B. o the end C. by the end

D. at the end


( )4. Pens _____ writing . A . used to B. are used as C. are used by D. are used for

( )5. __________ is used for seeing in the dark .

A. The shoes with adjustable heels B. The battery –operated slippers

C. The heated ice cream scoop D. The flying disk

( )6. I can’t wake up in the morning . What shall I do ? Buy _______, it may help .

A. a light bulb B. a microwave oven C an alarm clock D. a binoculars

( )7. Your city looks beautiful ! Yes . Lots of trees and grass ___last year.

A. are planted B. have planted C . were planting D . were planted

( )8. Where is Mary ? She _____ in the cinema an hour ago.

A. saw B, sees C. is seen D. was seen

( )9. Look! A boy is falling _________the river. Let’s go and save him.

A. into B. off C. over D. down

( )10. I took the wrong train _____, I didn’t even know it until half an hour later.

A. by mistakes B. by mistake C. with mistake D. with mistakes 达标检测

1. People speak English in many countries. English ____ _____ ____ ___in many countries.

2. We built this bridge last year. This bridge _______ _______ _______ ______ last year. 3. The tiger in the zoo frightened the little girl. The girl ________ _______ by the tiger in the zoo.

4. Xiao Liu has invited you to a lunch party.

You _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ ________ to a lunch party.

5. You must not take these magazines out of the reading-room. These magazines _______ ______ ______ ______ _______ the reading-room.

6. We shall discuss the problem at tomorrow's meeting. The problem _______ _______ _______ by us at tomorrow.


1.MPS is used for (play) music. 2. He has two (radio). 3. A computer is one of (use) inventions in the world. 4. How many magazines can (borrow) form the library every week? 5. He has (invent) many things in his life. 2

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