《Unit 9 When was it invented》（第二课时）
班级_______ 姓名_________ 日期_____
学习重点 1.熟练运用一般过去时的被动语态。2 词汇Light bulb microwave oven 课堂导学方案
hear只是强调听见了，指声音传进了耳朵。 listen to的意思是集中注意力，尽量听清楚。 例如： Suddenly I heard a strange noise.我突然听到一个奇怪的声响。 I can hear you.我能听到你说话。 Listen to me please.请听我说。
I heard them talking in next room,but I didn‘t really listen to what they were saying. 我听到他们在隔壁房间里说话，但我实在没注意听他们说什么。
Did you hear Jack‘s talk on Tuesday? 你听了星期二杰克的演讲吗？
但是可以说：I spent the night listening to records.
注意：hear一词一般不用于进行时。不说I am hearing或I was hearing，
而用can或could。例如：I can hear somebody coming.我能听见有人来了。
TENSE 主动语态 被动语态
一般现在时 be+V.\V.s am\is\are+V(p.p)
一般将来时 will\be going to+V. will be +V(p.p)
现在进行时 am\is\are+V.ing am\is\are+being+V(p.p)
一般过去时 ①was\were ②V.ed was\were+V(p.p)
现在完成时 have\has+V.p.p have\has+been+V(p.p)
过去完成时 had+V.p.p had+been+V(p.p)
过去进行时 was\were+V.ing was\were+being+V(p.p)
情态动词 情态动词+V. 情态动词+be+V(p.p)
导学3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式，主动语态中不带to ，但变为被动语态时，须加上to 。
例：make somebody do something→ somebody+ be +made to do something see somebody do something→ somebody +be +seen to do something
1．A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.
→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by.
2．The boss made the little boy do heavy work .
→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss.
( )1. A Knife is used for ______ things A cutting B. cut C cuts D to cut
( )2. Anna is ____to choose her own clothes . A. allowed B. allows C. allowing
D . allow
( )3. He finished the homework __. A. in the end B. o the end C. by the end
D. at the end
( )4. Pens _____ writing . A . used to B. are used as C. are used by D. are used for
( )5. __________ is used for seeing in the dark .
A. The shoes with adjustable heels B. The battery –operated slippers
C. The heated ice cream scoop D. The flying disk
( )6. I can’t wake up in the morning . What shall I do ? Buy _______, it may help .
A. a light bulb B. a microwave oven C an alarm clock D. a binoculars
( )7. Your city looks beautiful ! Yes . Lots of trees and grass ___last year.
A. are planted B. have planted C . were planting D . were planted
( )8. Where is Mary ? She _____ in the cinema an hour ago.
A. saw B, sees C. is seen D. was seen
( )9. Look! A boy is falling _________the river. Let’s go and save him.
A. into B. off C. over D. down
( )10. I took the wrong train _____, I didn’t even know it until half an hour later.
A. by mistakes B. by mistake C. with mistake D. with mistakes 达标检测
1. People speak English in many countries. English ____ _____ ____ ___in many countries.
2. We built this bridge last year. This bridge _______ _______ _______ ______ last year. 3. The tiger in the zoo frightened the little girl. The girl ________ _______ by the tiger in the zoo.
4. Xiao Liu has invited you to a lunch party.
You _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ ________ to a lunch party.
5. You must not take these magazines out of the reading-room. These magazines _______ ______ ______ ______ _______ the reading-room.
6. We shall discuss the problem at tomorrow's meeting. The problem _______ _______ _______ by us at tomorrow.
1．MPS is used for （play） music. 2. He has two (radio). 3. A computer is one of (use) inventions in the world. 4. How many magazines can (borrow) form the library every week? 5. He has (invent) many things in his life. 2