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达标课课件

发布时间:2014-01-31 13:31:46  

鲁庄二中 姚浩娜

The Skills of reading comprehension

教学目标:
1.熟知阅读理解题目的设置方式
2 .掌握阅读技巧 3 .提高自身的阅读能力

教学重、难点:
1 .掌握阅读理解题目的解题方法
2 .掌握阅读技巧

一.阅读理解题目的设置方式:

1. 查找事实、细节型
此类题目大多是针对文章的细节设计的,难度一般较 小,可以在文中找到相关的信息。 In the past, there were forests all around Lake Ponkapog, so rainwater was clean. In the past, Lake Ponkapog was surrounded D (环绕)by___. A.fish B. rain C. birds D. forests

一.阅读理解题目的设置方式:
2.逻辑推理型
此类题目文章中没有明确的答案,需要读者认真分析,综 合推理乃至计算,最后归纳出正确答案。 If everyone sets their air conditioning 空调at 26℃,Beijing will save 400 million kilowatt-hours千瓦时 of electricity in one summer. That’s one-third of all the usage of the city in the season,” said a TV advertisement. A Beijing will use______ million kilowatt-hours electricity in one summer. A. 1200 B. 800 C. 400

一.阅读理解题目的设置方式:

3.转换解题型
即原文这么说,而在问题和所给选项中则用另外的词去转换 一种说法,但仍表示同一含义。

One day we invited some friends to dinner. When it was about six o’clock, my wife found that we had little bread. So she asked our five-year-old daughter, Kathy, to buy some. One day, Kathy’s parents invited some friends to________. C A. have breakfast B. have lunch C. have supper D. have a party

一.阅读理解题目的设置方式:
4. 归纳主旨大意型
大多数针对段落或短文的主题思想或标题的题目都是对文章主旨的 考查,关键是要找到主题句。

Your best chance of success is by doing what you really want to do. Ask yourself , “If money were not so important, what kind of work would I do for free?” Then just do what you like to do.

C What is the best title for the passage? _____
A. The success B. Money is not important C. Find the work you love

一.阅读理解题目的设置方式:
5. 词义猜测型
此题要通过上下文的提示来猜测词语的意思,即从已知的信息推求出未 知,用我们熟悉的词,短语或者句子来猜测我们不知道的词义。

Now there are many houses around the lake. People often use chemicals in their gardens. They use other chemicals in their houses for cleaning or killing insects (昆虫). There are also many businessmen. Businessmen use chemicals in their machines or shops. D “Chemical” in the story means_______. A. 化学家 B . 污染品 C. 药品 D. 化学制品

The ways of guessing the new words in context:

A. 利用构词法进行猜测
1. 根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词。如, care(小心) →careful(小心的) →carefully (小心地); write(写) → rewrite (改写)。
un- ; dis-;-less : 不,无 ; mi

s-: 错误 ; re-: 再,重复,重新; -er ,-or, -ist : 表示人 ;

2. 根据“合成词”猜测。 如school + bag → schoolbag

Exercises: Match the meaning with the new words.

1. rebuild 2.modernize 3.man-made 4.unsafe 5.misunderstanding

A.不安全的 B.误解 C.重建 D.现代化 E.人造的

B.根据上下文猜测 (1)根据关联词猜词

表示因果关系的:because, as, since, for, so, as a result… 表示同义关系的:and, like, just as…
表示反义关系的: but, however, though, although, yet, instead (of) …

Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words
quickly.

1.I could see nothing because the light was so

faint.

(昏暗的)

2.Tom is very rude, but his brother is quite polite. (有礼貌的)
3. She is beautiful, and her daughter is as pretty as her. (漂亮的)

(2).根据定义、释义、举例或 复述猜词
常用be, be called, mean或破折号或定 语从句等来表示。 1.Why does jogging -- running slowly –become so popular. (慢跑)

2.Pork is the meat of pigs. (猪肉) 3.Jane is warm-hearted, she likes to help. (热心的)

(3).根据生活经验及普通常识猜词
1. China is our motherland. (祖国) 2.Kangaroo mothers have pouches to carry their babies. (育儿袋) 3.It's really cold outside, and my hands are both numb.
(冻僵了的,麻木的,失去知觉的)

Exercises: Choose the right answer. 1. A lot of the world’s natural resources like oil come from poor countries. A. 环境 B. 资源 √ C. 汽油 2. The old man put on his spectacles and began to read. A. 帽子 B. 雨鞋 C. 眼镜 √ 3. My mom was a little heavy. And I was almost as plump as my mom. A. 丰满 B. 苗条 C. 强壮 √ 4. Children have schoolbags with two straps to carry them. A. 口袋 B. 肩带 C. 纽扣



Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words quickly.

1. Wealthy means having lots of money. (富裕的,有钱的) 2. Doctors believe that smoking is detrimental to your health. (有害的) 3. My mother-in-law, my husband’s mother, was a teacher. (婆婆) 4. The boy had a happy family before. However, after the war, he became homeless. (无家可归的) 5. You must stop dreaming and face reality. (现实)

二.阅读理解解题方法

先看试题,然后带着问题再看文章.

三.阅读理解解题步骤 1.扫读:即快速阅读,通览全文.发现关键句(特别 要注意文章的第一段和最后一段的头一句. 2.细读:集中精力研读课文,分清文章体裁,把握 文章中心和主要内容,进而掌握文章细节信息 (五个W,who,what,when,where,why) 3.查读:认真检查,尽量减少答题错误.

Read the article for 3 minutes, and choose the right answer.
Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. For example, Mr.Bell sometimes goes to his office for work on Sunday morning, for he thinks it is Monday. And Mrs.Bell some- times forget to cook supper for the family. One summer they planned to fly to New York for their holidays. They got to the airport only ten minutes

before the plane took off. So time was short. But suddenly Mrs. Bell said she must tell Alice, their daughter, not to forget to lock the front door when she went to school. As Alice was then at school, they couldn’t tell her about it by telephone. So they hurried to the post office. Mrs. Bell wrote a short note to Alice while Mr. Bell bought a stamp and an envelope. Soon the note was ready. They put the stamp on the envelope in a hurry and dropped it in the letter box. But suddenly Mrs. Bell began to cry. The short note was still in her hand. She had put the plane tickets in the envelope.

Exercises: Choose the right answer.
(B )(1). The word “forgetful ” means______. A.忘记 B.健忘的 C.难忘的 (A )(2).How did they plan to go to New York one summer? A.by plane B.by train C.by bus (B )(3). Because Alice was then at school , they had to ________to Alice. A. phone B.write a note C.send a E-mail (B )(4). What did they drop in the letter box? A. a note B. the tickets C. the money (A )(5). The main idea of this passage is______. A. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. B. Mr.and Mrs.Bell planned to fly to New York. C. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very old.

Summary
阅读技巧: 1. 浏览问题,通读全文 2. 抓住中心句 (标题,首段,每段的首尾句) 3. 克服以下不良习惯:一个词一个词 的看,只读不记 4. 遇到生词要沉着冷静

Homework
1. Finish off the passage on the paper. 2. Guess the meanings of the new words in passage.


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