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中考英语 词汇运用

发布时间:2014-01-31 14:39:15  

聚焦中考——英语(外研版)

第48讲

词汇运用

词汇运用
? 一、用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词仅用一次(每空一词)。 (2013,台州)

? ? ? ? ?

1.Mr. Lee is really a lively teacher.We all like ______ his class. worry about your exams,everything will be fine. 2.Don't ________ 3.I'm sure we'll ________ miss each other after we leave school. 4.In China,students have two ________ terms every year. 5.My brother was taking out the trash while I was feeding ________ my dog.

词汇运用
? 二、根据短文内容和所给中文提示 , 在空白处写出单词的正确形 式。每空限填一词。(2013,湖州) ? Liu Wei is an unusual young man.He lost both arms in a 1.________ terrible (可怕的) accident at the age of 10,but he still held on to his dream (梦想).As a child,he loved music.He wanted to play the 2.________ piano with his 3.________ feet (脚),but he couldn't find 4.________ anyone (任 何人) to teach him.So he had to learn it by 5.________ himself(他自己).He said (说) kept practicing for seven hours every day.He often 6.________ only (仅仅) two choices.One is “For people like me,there are 7.________ to give up all ideals and quickly die 8.________ without(没有) hope;the other is to struggle with no arms to live a wonderful life.” Three years later,he managed to become the champion of China's Got Talent and was 9.________ called (称作) the “armless pianist” by people.

词汇运用
? 词汇运用类题目的考点主要是考查学生对 单词的拼写能力,以及词形变化和语法知 识运用和词组辨别能力等。试题通常以语 篇或句子的形式出现,测试内容以实词为 主,虚词很少。测试题型为单词拼写、选 词填空、根据首字母填空等。

词汇运用
? 1.选词填空解题应注意事项: ? ①先对备选的词汇的词性作简单标记 , 如: 名词- n. , 动词- v. , 形容词- a. , 副词- ad.等。同时对词义作初步的理解。 ? ②根据题意或通读全文 , 猜测空格中所缺 的信息 , 注意发现固定搭配关系 , 根据需 要去备选词汇中寻找匹配的答案。

词汇运用
? ③在填词过程中要注意词形的变化。既要符合本句的 含义,又要保证句式结构的正确。为了方便记忆,试 着记住下面的顺口溜:空前空后要注意,“名词”单 复数要牢记,还有“'s”不能弃,“动词”注意要变形, “形副”注意要用三种级,要填“数词”请留意,千 万别忘“基”和“序”,填人“代词”需慎重,五格 变化要谨记。 ? ④完成填词后,应通读全文,复核校对。检查单词拼 写是否正确,是否有时态、语态、惯用法及词语选用 上的错误,以确保答案的正确性。最后把答案填入答 卷时,切勿错位。

词汇运用
? 【例1】 根

据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每 词限用一次,每空只写一词。(2013,宁波)

? Many students like to work on the Internet.Of __1__ it can bring us many good things.We can learn more knowledge __2__ our books, practice our spoken English with someone __3__ and look up some useful information. ? At the same time,it can bring us some bad things.Some students have __4__ too many friends,seen some bad information that is no good for us and spent too much time on it.Some students even waste a lot of time playing __5__ on the Internet.We should know what we can do and what we cannot do.

词汇运用
? ? ? ? ? 点拨:1.of course 为固定短语,应为“当然”。 2.因特网可以带给我们书本上以外的知识。 3.someone else为固定搭配。 4.make friends“交朋友”,注意时态为现在完成时。 5.play games on the Internet“在网上玩游戏”,注意 game应用其复数形式。 ? 答案:1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ course outside else make
games

词汇运用
? 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文通顺、正确、连贯(每个单词限用一次)。 (2013,杭州)

? ? ? ? ? ?

To:christin foo@hotmail.com Date:23rd March Subject:The Riding for the Disabled Association Hi Christine, Sorry I haven't emailed lately—I've been very busy since becoming a volunteer for the Riding for the Disabled Association. Every Saturday,I help to get the horses fifteen 1.________ for the disabled (残疾的) riders.Many more disabled people want to ride 2.________ than you'd imagine.It's a disadvantage that I However don't know how to ride—I'd love to go on long rides with the riders-but I'll learn soon 3.________.Right easily now,I'm just happy to be able to lead the horses around for the disabled riders.

词汇运用
? I'm 4.________ saw helping to organize a sale,which will be 5.________ then next month.It's a lot more work than helping the disabled.I need to collect second-hand things to sell at the sale.There are 6.________ milk things available (可获得的) than I thought,but I'm sure we'll have enough 7.________ habits next month. ? I hope the sale raises more money than last month's walk.It was rainy, so too few people took part in the event.Last week,we held an auction (拍卖).The action took much less 8.________ become to organize than the walk.9.________ sure ,for some reasons,people offered too little money for the things,so we didn't raise enough money. ? I'm 10.________ join you some pictures in the letter,as well as a speech I gave last week. ? Robin

词汇运用
? ? ? ? 2.单词拼写解题应注意的事项: ①要根据上下文之意,熟练运用所学词汇。 ②要理解全句,填准词,因为有时英汉并非一一对应。 ③要分析所填单词充当的句子成分,判断所填单词的 词性。 ?

④要注意英汉语言之间的区别。对于有多个相同意思 的单词,要选择最符合英语习惯的那个。 ? ⑤要规范、工整地拼写出单词,不要因书写而丢分。

词汇运用
? 【例2】 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,写 出空白处各单词的正确形式。每空限填一 词。(2013,衢州) ? I am a middle school student and I'm __1__(十 五) years old.I'm quite healthy.__2__(然而), one year ago I was fat.I loved chips and chocolate , and I got tired __3__( 容 易 地 ) . One morning , I __4__( 看 见 ) some young men running in the park.They looked really fit and active.So I started running from __5__(那时) on.

词汇运用
? Now I have a 1.5mile run every morning.I drink __6__(牛奶) and eat fruit and vegetables instead of chips and chocolate.These good eating __7__(习惯) and running help to build me up.I have great fun running,and feel well and look fit.Running has __8__( 变 成 ) my favorite sport.I'm __9__(确信) I will do well in the boys' 800-metre race in our school sports meet. ? If you want to be fit and active,__10__(加入)

词汇运用
? ? ? ? ? 点拨:1、2、5、6、9、10注意单词拼写。 3.注意easy的副词形式应变y为i,再加-ly。 4.注意动词的时态应用一般过去时。 7.注意名词应用复数形式。 8 . 注意动词 become 的过去分词形式应为 become。

聚焦中考——英语(外研版)

完成考点跟踪突破48


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