haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

山东省临沭县青云镇中学八年级英语上册《Unit 7 Will people have robots》知识讲解及单元检测

发布时间:2014-01-31 15:37:15  

《Unit 7 Will people have robots》知识讲解及单元检测 重难点:

1、本单元重点词汇、句型

2、词汇辨析:in、after与later;fewer与less;space、room与place;during、in与for

3、语法:一般将来时

教学过程:

一、【必背短语清单】

on computers在电脑上 on paper在纸上

live to be 200 years old 活到200岁 free time空闲时间

in danger处于危险之中 on the earth在地球上

play a part in sth参与某事 space station太空站

look for寻找 computer programmer电脑编程员 in the future在未来 over and over again反复地 get bored感到厌烦的 wake up醒来

look like看起来像 fall down倒塌

二、【必背句型、用法清单】

1.will+动词原形 将要做??

2.fewer/more +可数名词复数 更少/更多??

3.less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多??

4.try to do sth尽力做某事

5.have to do sth不得不做某事

6.agree with sb同意某人的意见

7.such+名词 如此??

8.play a part in doing sth参与做某事 9.make sb do sth让某人做某事

10.help sb with sth帮助某人某事

11.There will be +主语+其他 将会有??

12.There is/are+sb./sth.+doing sth 有??正在做某事

13.It is +形容词+for sb +to do sth 做某事对某人来说是怎样的

14.Sb. spend some time/money (in) doing sth.

Sb. spend some time/money on sth.

It takes sb some time/money to do sth.

Sth takes sb some time/money

15.already“已经”,通常用于肯定句

16. hundreds of 许多、大量,与具体数字连用时,用单数且不与of连用。

如:five hundred

Thousand, million,billon与其用法相同

17.believe表示相信某人说的话 believe in相信某人的为人

18. forget to do sth忘记去做某事 forget doing sth忘记做了某事

三、重难点讲解

考点1

Do you think there will be robots in people's homes?

1

1. Do you think...? 结构通常用来征求对方的意见或看法,后面接宾语从句,从句用陈述语序。本句的肯定回答用"Yes,there will.",否定回答用"No,there won't."。 例句:---Do you think there will be robots in school?你认为学校将来会有机器人吗?

---Yes, there will. 是的,会有。

拓展:

do you think还可以用作插入语,在特殊疑问句中放在特殊疑问词之后,疑问句其他部分用陈述语序。

例句:Where do you think he comes from?你认为他是哪里人?

2. there will be是there be句型的一般将来时,意为"将有...",也可用there is\are going to be来表示。

(1)肯定句:there will be+主语+其他

例句:There will be many tourists in our city next year.

明年我们的城市将有很多的游客。

(2)否定句:there will not\won't be+主语+其他

例句:There won't be many people at tomorrow's party.明天的聚会上不会有很多人。

(3)一般疑问句:will there be+主语+其他?其肯定回答为"Yes,there will.",否定回答为"No,there won't."。

例句:---Will there be much time left?会剩下很多时间吗?

---Yes, there will.\No,there won't.是的,会。\不,不会。

(4)特殊疑问句:疑问词+will there be+主语+其他?

例句:When will there be more free time?什么时候会有更多的空闲时间? 拓展:

there be 句型的时态变化

时态 句子结构

一般现在时 there is\are...

一般过去时 there was\were...

一般将来时 there will be...\there is\are going to be...

注意: there be句型中不能用have\has表示"有...";there be 后面接并列名词时,谓语动词应与最近的名词在单复数上保持一致。

考点2 I think every home will have a robot.我认为每个家庭都将有一个机器人。 "will+动词原形"构成一般将来时。

(1)一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用。如tomorrow,next year,"in+时间段"等。一般将来时由"助动词will+动词原形"构成,第一人称还可以用shall。

例句: I will\shall go to the park tomorrow.我明天要去公园。

(2)will和be going to 都可以表示将来,但有区别。Will表示单纯的将来概念,而be going to强调事先经过考虑、安排而计划或打算要做某事,或者概括某种迹象判断某事有可能发生。

(3)一般将来时的否定构成: 在will\shall 后面加not。Will not可缩写为won't。

(4)变为一般疑问句:将will\shall提到主语前面。其肯定回答为"Yes,主语+will.",否定回答为"No,主语+won't."。

2

即学即用:

考点3 Will people use money in 100years? 一百年后人们还会用钱吗?

辨析:in,after与later

In和after都可以表示"在...之后",但用法有所不同。

In是指以现在时间为起点的"在一段时间以后",也可以表示"在将来多少时间之内",考点4 There will be less free time.将会有更少的闲暇时间。

There will be fewer people.将会有更少的人。

There will be more pollution.将会有更多的污染。

1.辨析:fewer与less

Fewer与less分别为few和little的比较级,都意为"更少的"。Fewer与可数名词复数形式连用,其反义词为many的比较级more。

less与不可数名词连用,其反义词为much的比较级more。

例句:They buy fewer cigarettes and less beer now.现在他们买的香烟和啤酒少些了。

拓展:

less也可作副词,意为"较少地,更少地",常用来修饰形容词、副词或动词。其反义词为more,用法与less相同。

例句Eat less,drink less and sleep more.少吃,少喝,多睡觉。

注意:

few,little含有否定意味,意味"几乎没有" a few, a little含有肯定意味,意味"一点,一些"

2.pollution n.污染,污染物

短语:

white pollution白色污染 noise pollution噪音污染 air pollution空气污染 water pollution水污染

拓展:

pollute v.(使)污染

例句:Many rivers are polluted by the waste water from nearby factories. 很多河流被来自附近工厂的废水所污染。

polluted adj.被污染的 polluted water被污染了的水

例句:You mustn't swim in the polluted river.你禁止在被污染了的河中游泳。 即学即用: 1.The doctor told Jenny to eat vegetables and meat because she was getting heavier and heavier.

A.much,little B.more,less C.many,few D.more,fewer 2.Many old people get sick because of serious air (pollute). 3.Waste water from chemical factories maybe (pollute) the sea. ?

考点6 However, they agree it may take hundreds of years.然而,他们同意这可能还要花费几百年的时间。

hundred百,一百的 a hundred years ago一百年以前

例句:He weighs more than one hundred kilograms.他体重超过100公斤。 hundreds of 表示不确切的数目,意为"数百,好几百,成百上千"。

3

例句:Hundreds of students will take part in the games.成百上千的学生将会参加这次比赛。

拓展:

hundred,thousand(千),million(百万)表示不确切的数目时,在词尾加s,且和of连用,表示"数百,数千,数百万"。但当这些词千有数词或several,some等修饰词时则不加s,也不跟介词of连用,直接跟名词。

例句:Several hundred visitors will come to visit our school today. = Hundreds of visitors will come to visit our school today.

今天会有数百名参观者到我们学校来参观。

考点7 During the week,I'll wear smart clothes.在平时,我将穿讲究的衣服。 during prep.在...期间

例句:I went to see my uncle during my stay in Beijing.我在北京逗留期间去看了我叔叔。

辨析:during,in与for

during指"在...时间内,在...的期间",一般有明确的时间长度和起止时间。谓语动词常为持续性的动作或状态,时间段前常有限定词(the,物主代词等),表特指。 例句:He asked many questions during the three meetings.

在这三次会议期间他问了许多问题。

in "在...时间内",一般情况下可以和during互换,用in时往往强调某一动作发生在某一时间段中的某一时间点;during既可用在"在整个时间段期间",也可用在"某时间段内的某个时间点"。

例句:Mike put his hand up three times during\in the class.在这节课内,迈克举了三次手。

for"(时间)长达...",强调时间由始至终,动作也贯穿这段时间的始终,可以和完成时或过去时连用。强调持续时间的长短,回答how long的问题;而during则指动作所发生的时间,回答when的问题。

例句:He stayed in Beijing for two years.他在北京待了两年。

He swims every day during the summer.夏天他每天去游泳。

四、【语法点讲解】

一般将来时

◆ 一般将来时基本概念

一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。由助动词shall或will加动词原形构成,shall 用于第一人称,will用于第二、三人称。但现在也可以把will用于第一人称。在口语中,常用shall, will的缩写形式为’ll , 如:I’ll, you’ll等。Shall not的缩写式为: shan’t, will not 的缩写式为:won’t. 肯定句:I/We shall/will go. 例句: You/He/She/They Will go.

否定句:I/We shall/will not go. 例句:You/He/She/They Will not go. 疑问句:Shall I/we go? 例句: Will you/he/she/they go?

◆一般将来时常与一些表示将来的时间状语连用,如: tomorrow(明天), next week(下周), from now on(从现在开始);in the future(将来)等。

其时间状语有如下几种

1)his引导的短语 如 this year

2)tomorrow及其相关短语如tomorrow morning

4

3)next引导的短语 如 next month

4)from now on in the future in an hour 等。

◆一般将来时五种用法

(1)Will/Shall+ 动词原形 表示将要发生的动作或情况。

例句:a. I will (shall) arrive tomorrow.我明天到。

b. Will you be free tonight? 你今晚有空吗?

(3)用现在进行时表示。

表示位置转移的动词(如:go, come, leave, start, come, go, arrive, reach等),可用现在进行时态表示按计划安排即将发生的动作。

例句:a. Uncle Wang is coming. 王叔叔就要来了。

b. They’re leaving for Beijing. 他们即将前往北京。

c. I'm leaving for Beijing. 我要去北京。

(5)“be to+动词原形”和 “be about to+动词原形”表示将来。

①“be to+动词原形”表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见。

例句:a. Are we to go on with this work? 我们继续干吗?

b. The boy is to go to school tomorrow.这个男孩明天要去上学。 c. He is to visit Japan next year. 明年他将访问日本。

②“be about to+动词原形”表示即将发生的动作,意为:很快,马上。后面一般不跟时间状语。

例句:a. We are about to leave.我们马上就走。

b. I am about to get up, mum. 妈妈,我立刻就起床。

◇there be句型中一般将来时的用法 There will be?

There is/are going to be?

例句:a. There is going to be a basketball match this afternoon. 今天下午将有一场篮球。

b. There will be a party in his house. 他家有要举行一个聚会。

(6)与条件状语从句和时间状语从句搭配使用时,从句用一般现在时表示,主句用一般将来时。

例句:If it is fine tomorrow, we’ll go swimming.

When he comes back, I’ll tell him to call you back.

(7)在“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”句型中,陈述句只能用will或情态动词加动词原形

例句:Work hard, and you will pass the exam. Work hard, or you will fail your exam. 即学即用:

课后作业(单元检测)

Ⅰ.单项选择

( )1.People should keep the ______ between countries.

A.relationship B.peace

C.discussion D.role

( )2.It's careless(粗心)______the same mistake again in your composition. 5

A.for you to make B.for you making

C.of you to make D.of you making

( )3.The TV program was very______and we all got______.

A.bored;bored B.boring;boring

C.bored;boring D.boring;bored

( )4.—He got an A in last week's math test.

—It is ______!His math is always the worst.

A.possible B.simple

C.impossible D.bored

( )5.The old man is very healthy.I think he will live______.

A.to be 100 years old B.100 years old

C.at 100 years old D.in 100 years old

( )6.—In 2050,what will the world's population be?

—I think cities will be really big and crowded because there will be a lot ______ people.

A.much B.more

C.many D.less

( )7.I predict there will be less ______ in the future.

A.people B.trees

C.countries D.pollution

( )8.—What will the future ______?

—No one can predict exactly.

A.be like B.be

C.like D.like as

( )9.I ______believe everything ______ be free in 20 years.

A./;won't B.don't;won't

C.don't;will D.will;doesn't

( )10.Some old houses ______in my hometown last summer.

A.fall down B.fell down

C.write down D.wrote down

( )11.What do you think Sally will be______10 years?

A.after B.behind

C.later D.in

( )12.I can't find my notebook.Could you help me ______ it?

A.look for B.look at

C.look like D.look out

( )13.“There______a meeting next Monday.”means “They______a meeting next Monday.”

A.will be;will be B.will have;will have

C.will be;will have D.will have;will be

( )14.—How many people came to Beijing for the Olympic Games in 2008?

—It's hard to say.______people,I think.

A.Million of B.Millions of

C.Two million of D.Two millions of

( )15.It ______ that everyone ______ to laugh.

A.seems;loves B.seem;love

C.seems;love D.seem;loves

6

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com