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九年级英语《反意疑问句》课件

发布时间:2014-02-03 11:02:58  

反意疑问句
归纳: 1)反意疑问句由两部分组成:前一部分陈述, 后一部分提问。 2)如果前一部分用肯定形式,后一部分就用否 定形式;如果前一部分用否定,后,部分就用 肯定形式。即:前肯后否,前否后肯。 3)如果前句的谓语是行为动词,则反意疑问部 分需借助助词do, don’t ,dose, doesn’t或did (didn’t),需使用哪一个,视时态、人称而 定。

一些特殊的反意疑问句:
1 . 陈 述 部 分 的 主 语 是 I‘m... 句 型 时 , 疑 问 部 分 要 用 aren’t I。 如: I'm an English teacher, aren't I? 2 .陈述部分是感叹句时,疑问部分用 be + 主语。如: What beautiful hats, aren't they? 3 .陈述部分是省去主语的祈使句时,疑问部分用 will you。如: Don't be late next time, will you? Come here, will you / won't you? 注意: Let‘s 开头的祈使句,疑问部分用shall we, Let us 开头的祈使句,疑问部分用will you。 如: Let's start with the song, shall we? Let us help you, will you?

4.陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。 I wish to go to Beijing, may I? 我希望去北京,好吗? 5.陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时, 疑问部分用肯定含义。 They never go there, do they ? 他们从不去那儿,是吗? 6.含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的, 疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。 如:He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he? 他应该知道该做什么,对吗?

7.陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don't +主语(didn't +主语)。如: We have to sleep here, don't we? 我们必须睡在这儿,对吧? 8.must在表“推测”时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。 He must be Tom, isn't he?他一定是汤姆,不是吗? It must be going to rain tomorrow, won't it? 明天肯定要下雨, 是吗?
9.陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn‘t +主语或 usen't +主语。如: He used to be a bad boy, didn‘t he? / usen’t he?他过去是个 坏男孩,是吧? 10.陈述部分有had better + v.,疑问句部分用hadn't you。如: You‘d better go there now, hadn’t you?你最 好现在去那儿,好吗?

11.陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn‘t +主 语。如: He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn' he? 他宁可读十遍也不愿意背诵,是吗?
12.陈述部分有You'd like to +v., 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。 如: You'd like to go to bed earlier, wouldn't you? 你想早点儿睡 觉,对吗? 13.陈述部分有must,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。如: He must be a doctor, isn't he? 他肯定是医生,是吗? You must have studied English for four years, haven't you? / didn't you? 你一定学了四

年英语,对吗? He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he? 他肯定是在 昨天完成任务的,是吗?

14.陈述部分由neither... nor, either... or 连接 的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义 而定。如: Neither you nor I am a teacher, are we? 你 不是老师,我也不是,对吗?

15.陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词 everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主 语用it。如: Everything is ready, isn't it? 一切就绪,是吗?

16.陈述部分为主语从句或并列复合句,疑问部分有
三种情况: a. 并列复合句的疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近句的谓 语而定。 Mr. Smith had been to Shanghai for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn't he?

史密斯先生曾几次去过上海,按理说他现在应该在中国, 是吗? b. 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分 谓语根据主句的谓语而定。如: He said they wanted to visit Urumchi, didn't he? 他说他想去乌鲁木齐看看,他是那样说的吗?

c. 陈述部分主句为第一人称,谓语是 think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的宾语从句,疑问部分与 宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。 如: I don't think he is clever, is he? 我认为他并不聪明,是吗? We believe she can do it better, can't she? 我们相信她能做得更好,她不能吗?

17.陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等,疑问部分常用复数they, 有时也用单数he。 Everyone knows the answer, don‘t they? (doesn’t he?) 人 人都知道答案,是这样吧? Nobody knows about it, do they? (does he?) 没人知道这件 事,是吧? 18.带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常

用 need (dare ) +主语。

We need not do it again, need we ? 我们不必重做一遍,是 吗? He dare not say so, dare he? 他不敢这样说,是吗? 当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。如: She doesn‘t dare to go home alone, does she? 她不敢独自回 家,是吗?

19.陈述部分是“there be”结构的,疑问部分用 there省略主语代词。如: There is something wrong with your watch, isn't there? 你的表有问题,对不对? There will not be any trouble, will there? 不会有麻烦 吧,是吗?
20.否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否 定形式。如: It is impossible, isn't it? 这不可能,不是吗? He is not unkind to his classmates, is he? 他不会 对他同学使坏,是吗

21. 反义疑问句的回答用yes, no, 但是, 当陈述部分是否定形式时,回答要按事实。 如: They don’t work hard, do they? 他们 不太努力工作,是吗? Yes, they do. 不, 他们工作努力。 No, they don’t. 对, 他们工作不努力。

反意疑问句专项练习
1.Everyone’s having a good t

ime, _______?

2.No one left here yesterday, __________?
3.Someone turn that radio down, ________?

4.Anyone can join the club, __________?
5.Somebody tried to gatecrash(无票进入), _________?

6.There’s nothing wrong, __________?
7.There won’t be any trouble, __________?

8.One can’t be too modest, __________?
9.That’s your sister, __________?

10.Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, __________? 11.That he is ill isn’t true, __________? 12.Those belong to you, __________? 13.Nothing can stop us now, __________? 14.Something’ll have to be done about the price, __________? 15.David wouldn’t get such a long holiday if he worked in industry, __________? 16.I don’t think you’ve done it, __________? 17 .If he did more work ,he’d be very good, __________? 18.He said his mother was ill, __________?

19.I suppose Li Ping will come here on time, __________?
20.It’s my son’s wedding next week, and I have to look my best for that , ________? 21.Whether you will go or stay won’t make any difference, __________?

22.We must get rid of carelessness, for it often leads to errors, __________?
23.Give me a hand, __________? 24.Do sit down, __________? 25.Don’t forget to phone me, __________? 26.Let’s go, __________? 27.Let us do it by ourselves, __________?

28.Let me have another try, __________? 29.Birds rarely build nests in our garden, _________? 30.Margaret scarcely seems to care, ______? 31.We’ve saved nothing this year, ________? 32.He is careless about his speech, _______? 33.I’m older than you, __________? 34.What beautiful weather, __________? 35.He has to stay here all day, __________?

36.You had some trouble finding where i live, __________? 37.He has his hair cut every month, ______? 38.Jack has coffee with breakfast, ________? 39.You have a TV set, __________? 40.You had a talk with her, __________? 41.You have bad colds every winter, ______? 42.The old lady has a couple of friends, ___? 43.We ought to read this book, __________? 44.As far as I can remember, Tom used to live here, __________?

45.I needn’t tell you the news, __________? 46.I must answer the letter, __________? 47.You must have made the mistake, _____? 48.They must have stayed at home last night, __________?

49.You must be hungry, __________?
50.I wish to go home now, __________? 51.You’d rather I didn’t say anything, _____? 52.You’d rather go, __________?

54.We may go home now, __________? 55.You couldn’t lend me a pound, _______? 56.You need to come earlier, __________? 57.You did make the shoes yourself, ______? 58.He was spring-cleaning all day yesterday, __________? 59.The party won’t get going till seven, __________? 60.Harry wouldn’t have become a teacher if it hadn’t been for the holiday, ________?

61.Each of the students passed the exam, _______? 62.Each of the students had a try, _______?

63.We don’t think that he watched it, _____?
64.The jar is so small that it could hardly hold you, __________

? 65.Neither you nor I am an engineer, _____?

66.Either you or he studies politics, _____?


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