海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语


发布时间:2014-02-03 15:47:29  


Unit 5 Topic1


1. on foot

2. at 3. on weekdays4. 5. 6. after class 7. 早餐 / 午餐 8. in9. have a rest 10. read books 11. go swimming 12. 13. watch TV 重点句型 1. 2. 3. How4. How often5. —6. 7. 8. 9. What time10. 11. 12. 1. 等 People show love to their mothers by giving cards. 巧辩异同 on foot “走路”,是介词短语,不能作谓语,只作方式状语, 1

go to…. by car = drive a car to

” 感官动词,系动词 Her dress looks very nice. You look very cool in this coat. look的短语 look the same看起来一样 look like看起来像…… look for寻找 look after =take care of 照顾,照料 look around/about 四处看看,四下环顾; look back 回头看;回顾; look out 当心,小心,留神; look through 浏览,仔细查看; look up 查寻,查阅;抬头看 4. do one’s homework 做家庭作业(注:one?s 要随主语的变化而变化,常用形容词性物主代词my, your, their, our, his, her等)。 do my homework at school 在学校做作业


每年三次 kilometers. 多久,主要用来表示对将来一段时间的提问。 How soon will he be back? In an hour. 9. over (形容词) School / Class is over. 10. begin 现在分词: beginning 过去式: began begin to do sth He is beginning to run. 11. , hear 听见(结果) 冠词用法 1. 弹乐器前要带定冠词the,而进行球类运动则不带the。 play +棋类/球类/牌 下……棋,打……球 play soccer/basketball


play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉……乐器 play the guitar/piano 2.序数词,前面要用定冠词the。on the second floor 3.三餐前面不用冠词。 have breakfast/lunch/supper


语法讲解 一般现在时表示:(常与频度副词never, seldom, sometimes, often,usually, always等连用) (1)现在所处的状态。Jane is at school. (2)经常或习惯性的动作。I often go to school by bus. (3)主语具备的性格和能力。He likes playing football. (4)客观真理。The earth goes round the sun. 常用的时间状语:often, always, usually, sometimes, every day等等。 行为动词的一般现在时,助动词是do/don?t和does/doesn?t.当主语是第一、二人称和所

重点句型 1. What are you doing? ---- He is cleaning the dormitory. 2. Are you doing your homework? Yes, I am./No, I am not. 3. How long can I keep them? Two weeks. 4. Thank you. ---It?s a pleasure. = A pleasure = My pleasure. 别客气。 5. Sorry, I don?t have any. Thank you all the same. 仍然感谢你。 重点详解 1. 巧辩异同 ① go to bed“上床”“就寝”I often go to bed at ten. ② go to sleep“入睡”“睡着”Last night I went to sleep at two o?clock.


3. 巧辩异同some, a few 与a little “一些,有些”三者都修饰名词。 some既可以修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词。 We want some apples and some water. a few用在可数名词复数之前 a little用在不可数名词之前。 There are a few books and a little waterin the classroom. 4. 与how相关的短语 how often多常 how many多少 how much多少钱 how old多大 5. 意为“归还,回归” 6. 与某人交谈” 巧辩异同talk, say, speak与tell , 7. 8. 。 。 9. 10. 11. keep 和 borrow, lend 的意思一样,瞬间动词/,短暂性动词,不能跟一段时间连用, 后常跟一段时间 e.g You may keep this book for two weeks. lend借出 keep借多久 14. 准时,强调不早不迟到达 e.g We must go to work on time. 及时,强调在规定的时间以前到达 The students can get there in time. 15. 日本的,日本人的,日语的 n.日本人,日语 当Japanese表示日本人时,是可数名词,单复数同形(与Chinese用法相同) e.g Two Japanese and three Chinese are swimming in the swimming pool. 重要句型总结 1. What’s in+sth 表示哪里有什么东西 e.g What?s in your purse? 钱包里有什么东西?


2. What else 还有别的什么么? else: 别的,其它的 What else do you have? Who else

还有别的什么人么? Where else 还有别的什么地方么? else除了可以放在疑问词what,who, where等后面,还可以放在不定代词something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody后面 e.g I don?t have anything else to do. I can?t see anybody else in the room. 3.

我的一个朋友 3. I love to go swimming today.


(3)一般疑问句:Be+主语+doing+sth 回答:Yes,主(代)+be /No,主(代)+be+not Are you running? —Yes, I am./—No, I am not. Is he/she running? —Yes, he/she is./ —No. he/she isn?t (4)特殊疑问句: What+be+主语+doing?

Unit 5 Topic3

重点短语: 1. outdoor activity 课外活动 2. easy and interesting 容易又有趣 3. difficult and boring 又难又乏味 4. be friendly to sb. =be kind to sb. 对某人友好

5 5. between…and… 在……之间… 6. learn(…)from… 向…学习…/从…中学… 7.learning about the past了解过去 .............8.learn about了解 9.learn by oneself自学

7. from…to… 从……到…… 9. on Monday 在星期一 8. in the morning / afternoon / evening 10. on Monday morning在星期一的早上 在早上/ 下午/ 晚上 11. tell sb. about sth告诉某人关于某事 重点句型 1. What day is it today?---It?s Sunday. (在英语国家每周的第一天是星期天而不是星期一) 2. What class are they having? They are having a music class. 3. What time does the class begin? At ten o?clock. 4. What do you think of math? = How do you like math ? 你认为数学怎么样? ----It?s difficult and boring. 5. Why (为什么)do you like English ? Because(因为)it?s easy and interesting. 7. What subject (学科)do you like best ? I like history best. 8. At school, my teachers and classmates are very friendly to me. 9. I study Chinese, English, politics, geography and some other subjects.

+名词单数 1. 几点

2. 3.

4. ……怎么样? 某人最喜欢什么? 5. Why do you like it? 你为什么喜欢它? --Because it?s easy and interesting.因为它简单而有趣。 用why提问必须用because回答。Why? ----Because it?s interesting. 如果表示你为什么不用 Why not…? 或Why don?t you…? 6. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 My teachers are very friendly to me. 注: friendly是形容词 “友好的”“友善的”,而不是副词。 7. a lot = much“许多”,后接宾语时要说a lot of 也可以表示“非常,十分”。 I can learn a lot from it.我能从中学到很多东西。 11. 在这里表示肯定推测。 12. 6

Unit6 Topic1

重点词组 1. Why not… =Why don’t you… 2. go upstairs上楼 go downstairs下楼 3. A moment later一会以后 4. study n.书房 v.学习 与learn的区别 5. in the front of the house 在屋子(里面的)前面 6. in front of the house 在屋子(外面的)前面 7. talk about+n/v-ing谈论,议论,讨论某事 8. talk with sb. 与某人交谈 9. put them away 把他们收拾好 10. Look after = take care of照顾 11. play with sb. “与某人一起玩” 12. in the tree(外物附着)在树上 13. on the tree 树本身长出来的花,树叶等 14. on the wall在墙上 15. in the wall 在墙里 16. on the river浮在水面上 17. over the river 在河上(悬空) 18. Tell sb about sth Tell sb to do sth Tell sb sth 19. There be…用法

重点语法 There be 句型表示“某处存在某物或某人客观存在而have“有”,表示“某人拥有某物/某人”主观拥有当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时, eg. 肯定句:否定句--在“be”后加“not”: 一般疑问句--将“be”提到“there” ---- 特殊疑问句:There be ① 对主语提问:当主语是介词短语?"; 介词短语?"。 注:is(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如: →What's over there? →Who is in the room? ② 对地点状语主语?" ”某处有某物”; 例: → Where is the computer? →Where are the four children? “,”与后面的部分隔开。 There are some pictures on the wall.=On the wall, there are some pictures. ③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构: How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语? How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语? there be 就近原则。There be如果后面接两个名词作主语,那么“be”的人称和数与邻 近.......遵循.......的名词一致。即be is还是,取决于离该动词最近的那个名词。如果该名词是单数或不可..用.....are..............................数名词就用is,如果是复数就用are。 ................... ★就近原则: There is a lamp , a computer, some books and so on. There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 重点句型 There are two bedrooms and a a small study. There is a lamp, a computer, some books and so on. —Is there a computer in your study? —Yes, there is.


Don't put them here. Put them away. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden, but there aren?t any trees in it. 花园里有许多漂亮的花,但是却没有树。 重点讲解 1.在哪一层楼,用介词on。on表示在……上面。second是序数词, the, 意为第二(的)。 on the first floor美式英语一楼floor地板,此处指“楼房的层”。 英式英语用the ground floor 表示一楼 巧辩异同 two与second two是基数词,second是序数词,“第二 2. have a look看看。后面接名词时要用at. 3. put away 把……放好 Don?t put them here.别把它们放在这儿,请收起来放好。 4. 5. 6. 7. 】) 8. . 9. in front of 在...前面(外部)in the front of(内部)在...前面 at the back of 在...后面 on the left/right of在...的左边/右边 next to 紧邻 10. go up”沿着“指往北走,或从小地方往大地方走 go down往南走,从大地方向小地方去 go along “沿着...往前一直走” 11. 12. to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。


Tom is used to going for a walk after dinner.(现在习惯于散步)

Unit6 Topic2

重点句型 1. What?s your home like? 你的家是什么样的?--

它是一栋公寓楼。 2. What?s the matter? 3. I can’t hear you, the line is bad. 我听不清,线路不好。 4. I?ll get someone to check it right now. 我马上派人去检查。 5. There is something wrong with my kitchen fan. 6. 郊区有许多带着大院子的房子。 7.

8. I ?m afraid it?s 恐怕声音有点大---我真的对此很抱歉。


。 6. houses…. (no= not any / not a 后加可数名词单数) 7. a lot of = lots of许多 后接可数名词,相当于many; 后接不可数名词,相当于much,用于肯定句中; 但如果是否定句,常用many或much. There are a lot of tall buildings and small gardens in our community. 8. ……远(抽象距离)My school is not far from the bookstore. ……远(具体距离)The sea is 2 miles away from the hotel. 近。close 与near 都有“靠近”的意思,但close 比near 更近。 9

Many shops and restaurants are close to my home . 9.

10. 11. 12. Many people are moving from cities to the suburbs. 许多人正从城市搬迁到郊区。 (move to …., move from ….to ….从…..搬到、移动到…..) 13. The traffic is heavy and the cost of living is high. 交通拥挤,生活开销高。 cost 在这做名词,做动词时,主语是物,句型 sth. cost sb some money e.g. The rose costs me 10 yuan. traffic 不可数名词,be动词用单数, 交通量的大小用heavy/busy和little/ a little 修饰。

重点语法 特殊疑问句和问路、指路的方式。 重点短语: 1. a ticket for speeding 超速罚单 9. 2. at the end of the road在路的尽头 3. go across走过 受伤 4. turn left/right向左转/向右转 12. 遵守交通规则 5. on the corner of 在…转角/ 13. 6. across from 在…对面 保持在路的右边 7. between……and 在…之间 14. at the foot of 在…的脚下 8. take the No. 718 bus 15. hold sth in one?s hand抓住某人的手 重点句型 1.问路语 ① Where is ……? ② 打扰了,请问附近有银行吗? ③ ④ ⑤ Could you tell me the way to……? ⑥ = Where is the way to the bookstore? 问路的句型 2.指路 ①Go along/down this road until…… (Go along) ②Turn left at the first turning﹦Take the first turning on the left. ③Go straight ahead and you will see…… ④It?s about 15 kilometres away from here. 3.Thank you all the same .﹦Thanks anyway.


4.You can?t miss it. 5.You need to take bus No.718…… 6.How far is it from here? 7.Everybody must be careful and obey the traffic. 8.We must stop and look both ways before we cross the road. 9.Be careful! Don't play on the street. 10.Wait for your turn when the lights are red.在红灯亮之前请等待 11. How far问距离) --It?s about ten kilometers away from here. 12. How can we make the roads safe?

13. Before(prep.) 在我们过马路之前,我们必须停下来向路的两边看。 14. We must never play on the street. 我们绝对不能在街上玩耍。 = We must not play the street. 15.


2 3 4


6 500m就到了。 , 7 7 8 (3change from A to B 从A变成B “零钱”,不可数) (4)几路车有两种表示方法: bus NO.718 或者the NO.718 bus

语法讲解: 表示请求、命令、禁止、劝告或建议的句子,特点是省略了主语。 祈使句无主语, 主语you常省去; 动词原形谓语当, 句首加don't否定变; 朗读应当用降调, 句末常标感叹号。 :Please have a seat here. 请这边坐。 请这边走。 如:Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子! 11 祈使句

如:Let me help you. 让我来帮你。 ●1. Do型和Be型的否定式都是在句首加don't构成。 如:Don't forget me! 不要忘记我! Don't be late for school! 上学不要迟到!

别让他走。 如:No smoking! 禁止吸烟!No fishing! 禁止钓鱼! Unit7 Topic1

重点句型 1.

2. 年6月。 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.


厘米长/宽。 1. 2. 3. 4. 1 2 3 整十基数变序数,先把ty变为tie,最后th加上去。 要是遇到两位数,十位基数个位序。 (注:序数前一定要用定冠词the) 4 表示确切“几百”时,hundred后面不加“s”,但表示不确定数目的“数以百计”时,hundred后面应加“s”,用“hundreds of”表示。 three hundred students三百名学生 hundreds of students几百名学生 5 英语中表达物体的长、宽、高,先说数字,再说单位,最后加上一个表示长、宽、高的形 6 7 一般过去式


语法讲解 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与 a minute ago, two days/months/years ago, yesterday, last year, in those days, just now, in 1990等表示过去的时间状语连用;一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 (1)过去存在的状态。My father was at work yesterday afternoon. (2)过去某个时间发生的动作。 I got up at 6:30 yesterday. (3)过去经常或反复发生的动作。He always went to work by bus last year. 2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn?t) ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren?t) ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。 Were you born in July,1999? —Yes, I was./No,I wasn?t. 3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子(行为动词一般过去时态) 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如: 一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。 如: 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如: ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+ 如:4.动词过去式变化规则: (1).规则动词一般在动词末尾直接加-ed,如:(2).结尾是e加d,如:(3).再加-ed, 如:stop-stopped (4).以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为 如:(5).不规则动词过去式: 5、其他用法 (1)?过去将来时? (2)used to + He used to smoke. (3)would 表过去“ used to 与 used to do 而 would doShe used to be a quiet child.(√) 就不能换为:She would be a quiet child.(X)

Unit7 Topic2

重点词组: 1. at the birthday party在生日聚会上 7. fly a kite放风筝 2. perform ballet跳芭蕾舞 8. be good at / do well in doing擅长做… 3. dance to disco 跳迪斯科 9. have a good time /enjoy oneself 4. take these flowers to 把这些花带去… 玩得开心 5. work out math problems 解出数学题 10. with one?s help / with the help of 6. read books 读书 在某人的帮助下 重点句型 11. Can/Could you dance? —Yes, I can/could. No, I can?t/couldn?t.


12. 13. 14. 15. 16. What can you do? —I can speak English. He can?t sing English songs. Do you want to sing Chinese songs or English songs? --Chinese songs.

一年前她根本不会做这件事。 他们一年前会做这件事,但是做得不是很好。 17. Michael can?t come to school today because he hurt his right leg. 18. Michael今天不能来上学了,因为他伤到了他的右腿。 19. I couldn?t play the piano when I was four and I still can?t now.

20. basketball. 21. Six years ago, there was her eyes.(there be 过去时) 22.

23. 24. 25.1.


3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 我只/ 也会唱英文歌。 be动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前) 9. I can swim (修饰动词不能用very good)我会一点游泳/ 我游泳游得很好 I can?t 10. 11. --Thank you(very much) / Thanks (a lot). (非常)谢谢! 12. was five, she could only dance a little. 当她五岁时,她会跳一点儿舞。 在这里是连词,后跟句子。也可做疑问词,引导提问日期的特殊疑问句) 重要语法 情态动词can / could 的用法


1. 情态动词本身有各种意义,但不能单独做谓语,只能和动词一起构成谓语,表示说话人的语气和情感。没有人称和数的变化。 2. 情态动词can的用法 1>(表示有能力做或能够发生)能\会 I couldn?t ride a bike at the age of 6 I?ll do what I can to finish it on time 2>(表示知道如何做)懂得,会 She can speak English 3>(表示允许)可以 We can?t wear jeans at work 4>(请求帮助)能 Can you feed my cat while I am away? 5>(请求允许)可以 Can I read your newspaper? 6>表示可能性,用于否定句表示事实肯定不真实 That She?s in New York. 7>(表示常有的行为)有时会 8>can?t help doing情不自禁做某事,can?t wait to do迫不急待做某事 9>can 和a little ,very well not……at all 连用表示能会的程度 Can you dance? Yes, a little /very well . No ,not at all

10>Can/Could/Will/would you please……?你能…… Excuse me,could I borrow some money from you,you can. 3. can和could的使用------ can/could 表示一般的能力 (1) can(could)“可以,同意,准许”表示请求,允许。 (2) can“会,能”,表现在或将来的能力.could委婉。 4. 当表示允许别人某事时,用can而不用could. 5. 表示提议和请求。在语气上could较客气,但can e.g. A monkey can?t swim. Could I open the door now?

重点语法 重点词组 1.birthday party 生日聚会 6. hurt oneself 伤了自己 2.sing a song唱歌 7.make a silent wish许愿 3.enjoy oneself 玩的开心 8.by hand 手工 4. play the piano 弹钢琴 9.have a good time 玩得开心 5.fall down 掉下 重点句型 1. 2. —Yes, I did/No, I didn?t. 3. 4. How could you tell a lie to me? /How could you lie to me? 5. We went to Alice?s home and talked about it until 12 o?clock. 6. I missed the chair and fell down. 7. Kangkang made a silent wish and them he blew the candles out in one breath. 8. How was Kangkang?s birthday party ? 康康的生日晚会怎样--It was very nice. 非常好. 9. You speak Chinese very well. 你讲汉语真好 10. What?s the matter ? 怎么了?=What?s the trouble ? =What?s wrong ? 11. This way, please.请这边走 12. What else did you do at the party ? 在晚会上你还做别的什么了? 13. Why didn?t you tell me the truth ?你为什么不给我讲真话? 重点讲解 1是名词,意思是“轮流” 轮到某人做某事了。


turn还可以做连系动词,意为“变成……”,后接形容词做表语。 2.We 我们的确看电影了。(do/did/does +动原表强调) I do think he is right. 3. Did Kangkang enjoy himself? 康康玩得开心吗?

“喜爱,欣赏,享受……的乐趣。” (1)like喜欢(程度较弱)like doing/to do (2)love热爱(程度较强)love doing/to do (3)enjoy喜爱,欣赏,享受……的乐趣enjoy doing 4 . 反身代词oneself变化如下: ①第一二人称用形容词性物主代词+self(selves) I→myself you→yourself(yourselves) ②第三人称用人称代词宾格+self(selves) he→himself they→themselves 5.

5. film 7. 直到….才……”

1. 是某人做什么事的好时候 Eg;It?s good to get up early. e.g It?s a good time/season to swim 由why引导的句子,回答一定要用because 学做某事 e.g She is learning to dance. 6. 询问温度The temperature is from…to… 7. had better 最好 had缩写?d 16

(实际动作还做) 记得做过某事(实际动作已经做) 你一定要记得关门(门还没有关)

他记得关过门了(门已经关上了) 忙于做某事 e.g He is busy reading. ….. e.g They are busy with housework. 1.


强调状态,用一般现在时表示经常状态,用现在进行时,表示暂时状态. 表示穿着的状态 e.g We wear our raincoat on a rainy day.(经常状态) 暂时状态) The girl in pink is my sister. 穿上,戴上,强调动作(动作,短暂性) it / them放中间,名词中间/) e.g She put on a red coat and went out. 3. sunglasses/shorts/shoes/pants这些词通常都用复数形式 4. get warm 变暖和, get是系动词,后加形容词, e.g The weather gets hot in summer. 5. 修饰雨雪的词汇多用heavily 如:下大雨rain heavily snow 刮大风blow strongly e.g. It rained heavily last night . There was a heavy rain last night . 6. last: v. 延续 adi.上一个的, 最近的

重点词组: 1、10、enter someone?s home 2、11、customs in different countries 3、12、go out with one?s wet hair 4、13、be different from 5、 (注:相比较的事物必须性质相同) 6、take photos of--- () 14、give my best wishes to sb. 7、a pair of sunglasses 15、give my love to sb. (代我向某人问好) 8、point to\at 16、travel around 9、 17、want(plan, wish, hope, would like)to do sth. () 重点句型 1. The summer holidays are coming. 暑假要来了。 2. I hope to get together with them. 我希望和他们在一起。 3. Each of us has a good plan for the holidays. 我们每个人都有一个很好的假期计划。 4. Can you tell me something about Yunnan? 你能告诉我一些云南的事情么? 5. It sounds really interesting and exciting. 它听起来相当有趣和令人激动。 6. Different countries have different customs. 不同的国家有不同的风俗。 7. You shouldn?t eat with your left hand. 你不能用左手吃东西。 8. You mustn?t point to anything with your foot. 你千万不要用脚指东西。 9. Guess what I bought for you! 猜猜我为你买了什么!


10. I hope you all have a good time. 我希望你们每个人都能过得愉快 11. What?s the best time to go there?---I think you can go anytime. 重点语法 一般过去时的特殊疑问句: 1. How was you trip? ---It was wonderful. 2. How did you travel there? ---By train. 3. How long were you there? ---Only five days. 4. Did you visit any places of interest? --Yes, we visited Mount Emei and Jiuzhaigou,and it is very different from ours.


Mr. Wang lives at the end of Elm Road. …的末端(时间和空间

); Children put up stockings at the end of their beds. …末端为止 We can finish the work by the end of the year. He came back after 12o?clock last night. (用not…until改写) He didn?t come back until 12 o?clock. 4. 为某事做好准备=get sth ready ,其宾语为所准备的直接内容 5.



He started/ began singing. 6.

7. /物做某事,强调动作的结果 (全过程) /物正在做某事,强调动作正在进行 类似的有:hear, see I often hear him shout to others. I see an old man selling books in the street. I sometimes see them play basketball on the playground. 如果动作是短暂性的常用 watch/see/notice/hear/feel do sth. 如果动作是延续性的常用 watch/see/notice/hear/feel doing sth. 英文书信的书写格式: (1需留空白,先写发信地址,且在地址下面写上日期。 (2 (3)信的正文:指信的整体部分 (4用一逗号。 (5 (6 19

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。