haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

2013年中考北京英语复习方案课件第一篇教材考点梳理(624张ppt) - 副本

发布时间:2014-02-03 16:44:58  

第1课时

第2课时 第3课时
第4课时 第5课时 第6课时 第7课时

第8课时
第9课时 第10课时

第11课时 第12课时 第13课时 第14课时 第15课时 第16课时

第17课时 第18课时
第19课时 第20课时 第21课时

第1课时

第1课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 afford [点拨] vt.买得起,负担得起 [拓展] 常与can,could,be able to连用,意为“买 得起;有足够的??(去做??)”。 I can't afford a holiday this summer.

今年夏天我无法度假。 The house is too expensive for me to afford. 这所房子太贵了,我买不起。 In those days he couldn't afford to go to school. 那时他上不起学。

第1课时┃考点精选

2

allow [点拨] vt.允许,许可(做某事); (尤指由于疏忽而)听凭,听任 [拓展] 常见搭配:allow sb. to do sth.意为“允 许某人做某事”。 Everyone is not allowed to smoke here. 任何人不允许在这吸烟。 They don't allow parking in the street. 他们不允许在街道上停车。

第1课时┃考点精选

3

beat [点拨] vi.(心脏等)跳动 vt.打败(beat—beat—beaten)

His heart beat strongly and at last he beat his enemy. 他的心剧烈地跳动,最终他打败了敌人。

第1课时┃考点精选 [辨析] fight, beat与win (1)fight主要指打斗的过程; have a fight with sb.与某人打架 He had a fight with his good friend yesterday.

他昨天和好朋友打了一架。 (2)beat强调“打败”这个结果,后接人或团队; His policy was to beat each enemy in turn. 他的政策是逐个战胜敌人。 (3)win强调“胜利”这个结果,通常指赢得比赛。 Which side won the football match? 哪一队赢了这场足球赛?

第1课时┃考点精选

4

begin [点拨] v.开始;着手 [拓展] begin doing/to do sth. 意为“开始做某事”。 After breakfast it began to snow. 早饭后开始下起雪来。 I began my business at the age of 16. 我16岁开始了自己的事业。 [拓展] 常见搭配:begin with意为“以??开始”。

第1课时┃ 考点精选

5

a pair of 一双,一副 [点拨] a pair of 表示“一双??”,作主语时,谓语 动词要用单数。 I want to buy a pair of headphones. 我想买一副耳机。 He bought a pair of shoes.他买了一双鞋。 [拓展] “一副眼镜,一条裤子,一双袜子”等都用 a pair of表示。

第1课时┃ 考点精选

6

a piece of 一块;一张;一根;一片 I need a piece of paper to write on. 我需要一张纸来写字。 [拓展]a piece of news/chalk/bread/cloth/advice/ land/glass/coal/meat; in pieces 意为“一块一块的;一片一片的”。

第1课时┃ 考点精选

7

above all 首先,首要 What a child should do, above all, is to do well in his studies. 小孩子该做的最重要的事是学好功课。 8 according to 根据,按照 According to our records, the books you have borrowed should now be returned to the library. 根

据我们的记录,你借的书现在应该还给图书馆了。

第1课时┃ 考点精选

9

after all

毕竟,终究

You should look after him, after all, he is your own brother.你应该照顾他,毕竟他是你的弟弟。 10 again and again 反复地,再三地 [点拨] 常位于谓语动词后面,修饰谓语动词,表示“反复 地??”。 He apologized again and again. 他一遍又一遍地道歉。 [拓展] over and over, over and again都有“再三地, 反复地”意思。

第1课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 care about与 care for [辨析] care about和care for都有“关心、照料”的

意思,二者的区别是care about还指“介意、在乎”, care for指“喜欢、想要”。 The man whom you care for never cares about what people say. 你喜欢的那个人从来不在乎别人说什么。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析

2

catch与 hold [辨析] catch指“抓,抓住”处于运动或隐蔽状态的 事物,是一个动态的动作;hold指“拿着,握住”, 是一个静态的动作。 You can't catch the ball if you hold something in your hands. 如果你手里拿着东西你就不能接住球。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析 3 a little, a bit与a few

[辨析] (1)a bit (of)指“有一点”,a bit of后可接不 数名词相当于a little;a bit与a little一样,用作程度 副词,表示“稍微、一点儿”的意思,用来修饰动词、形 容词、比较级等,二者可以互换。另外,a bit还可表示 “一会儿”。 He knows a bit of Spanish. =He knows a little Spanish. 他懂点儿西班牙语。 I'm a bit tired.我有点累了。 He will be back in a bit(=a short time). 他就快回来了。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析

[拓展] not a little =very much 意为“非常”。 I don't like it a little. 我非常喜欢它。 He didn't eat a little. 他吃了很多。 (2)a few 指“一些,少量”,表示肯定含义,后接可数 名词复数形式,意为“一些??”,与few相对。 There are a few apples in the basket. 篮子里有一些苹果。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析

(3)a little 指“一点,少许”,表示肯定含义,修饰 不可数名词、形容词、形容词或副词的比较级,意为 “一点??”,与little相对。 There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。 It is a little bit dark here. 这儿有点黑。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析

4

a kind of与 all kinds of [辨析] a kind of 指“一种,一类”,后接可数名词 复数,表示“为??的一种”; all kinds of 表示 “各种各样的”,后接可数名词复数。 This is a new kind of car.这是一种新式的汽车。 He did all kinds of things.他什么事都做。 [拓展] a kind of 也可意为“几分,某种,稍稍”; kind of 意为“有点儿,稍微”。 She has a kind of genius. 她有几分天才。 I'm kind of tired.我有点儿累了。

第1课时┃ 词语辨析 5 a lot

of与 a number of

[辨析] a lot of 用法和lots of 相似,后接可数名词 复数或不可数名词,表示“许多”;a number of 后 跟可数名词的复数形式,be动词也用复数形式,用法与 many相似。 He caught a lot of fish. 他抓到了很多鱼。 Tom has got a number of apples. 汤姆有许多苹果。 [拓展] the number of 意为“??的数量”,“the number of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

第1课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 as soon as 一??就?? [点拨] 从句通常用一般现在时表示将来意义。(主将从现)

As soon as I get to Beijing, I'll write to you. 我一到北京,就给你写信。(主将从现) As soon as I went in, Jason cried out with pleasure. 我一进门,Jason 就高兴地叫了起来。(一般过去时)

第1课时┃句型聚焦

I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back. 他一回来我就告诉他这个消息。(主将从现)

I'll give you a reply as soon as I get your email. 我一收到邮件,就给你回复。 Li Ping begins to do his homework as soon as he comes back home. 李平一回到家就开始做作业。

第1课时┃句型聚焦 2 as?as?和??一样?? [点拨] 表示同级的比较。as?as 中间为形容词或副词的原 级。not as(so)?as指“??不如??”。 This film is as interesting as that one.

这部电影和那部电影一样有趣。 This dictionary is not so useful as you think it is. 这部字典不如你想象的那样有用。 She sings as well as she plays. 她唱歌和弹琴一样好。 He doesn't speak English as fluently as you. 他的英语说得不如你流利。

第1课时┃句型聚焦

[拓展] as?as possible 意为“尽可能??的”。 Could you please ask him to call me back as soon as possible? 请你让他尽快给我回电话好吗? Li Hua always helps the old as much as possible in his life. 李华在生活中总是尽力帮助老人。

第1课时┃句型聚焦 3 ask sb. to do sth.= tell sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 [拓展] want sb. to do sth. = would like sb. to do sth.“想让某人做某事”; teach sb. to do sth. “教 某人做某事”。 The teacher asks us to finish the work on time. 老师要求我们按时完成作业。

Tom told me to help him with his Chinese the other day 那天,汤姆要我帮他学汉语。 I want you to come to school earlier tomorrow. 我想要你明天早点来学校。

第1课时┃句型聚焦

I'd like you to answer my questions. 我想让你回答我的问题。 Uncle Wang taught us to plant trees on the farm. 王叔叔在农场教我们植树。 We are going to have a picnic this Sunday. Would you like to join us? 这个星期日我们要野餐,你愿意加入我们吗? Would you like to drink a cup of coffee? 你想喝一杯咖啡吗?

第1课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( B )1. —I'm afraid a car is too expensive for me. —But more and mor

e Chinese can ________ to buy one. A. expect B. afford C. choose D. offer ( B )2. Students are not allowed ________. A. get their ears pierced B. to get their ears pierced C. getting their ears pierced D. got their ears pierced

第1课时┃活学活用

( B )3. You should look after him, ________, he is too young. A. above all B. after all C. first D. at first ( B )4. Aunt Li often asks her son ________ too much meat. It's bad for his health. A. don't eat B. not to eat C. not eat D. to not eat

第1课时┃活学活用

( C )5. The headmaster told us ________ at the Science Museum on time. A. arrive B. arrives C. to arrive D. arriving ( B )6. I have got a cold. The doctor asked me ________ in bed. A. staying C. stayed B. to stay D. stays

第1课时┃活学活用

(

B )7. —Mom, we have ________ milk in the fridge. —Really? Let's go and get some. A. few B. little C. many D. much ( C )8. We should drink ________ water every day. A. a number of B. the number of C. a lot of D. lot of

第1课时┃活学活用

( D )9.

She sings as A. good C. best

________as her sister. B. better D. well

( B )10. Don't hurry. We still have ________ time. A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

第1课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.我一完成作业,就给你打电话。 I'll call you _______________________ as soon as I finish my homework. 2.玛丽一见到她弟弟就会告诉他这个消息。 Mary will tell her brother this message ______________________ as soon as she sees him. 3.她和她妈妈一样高。 She ________________ is as tall as her mother.

第1课时┃活学活用

4.我跑得不如他快。 I don't run ________________ as/so fast as him.

5.我希望你能尽早来。 as early as possible I hope you can come ___________________________. 6.你应该尽快提高你的英语。 as soon as possible You should improve your English _______________________.

第1课时┃活学活用

7.在考试之前,我们必须尽可能仔细地复习功课。 Before the exam, we must review as carefully as possible ___________________________________. 8.我母亲总是告诉我要诚实。 tells me to be honest My mother always _____________________________. 9.老师让我们认真听讲。 asks us to The teacher ______________ listen to him carefully in class.

第2课时

第2课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 break (break—broke—broken) [点拨] n. 间歇, 中间休息 v.打破, 折断,弄坏; 破坏,违反 The boys broke the school rule that students are not allowed to play basketball at the break. 这些男生违反了课间不允许打篮球的校规。 [拓展] (1)break短语:break down“损坏,(把化合物 等)分解,(汽车)抛锚”;break in“闯入,强行进入”; break out“爆发”。

第2课时┃考点精选

(2) have/take a break休息 Our car broke down on the motorway. 我们的汽车在高速公路上抛锚了。 Please don't break in on

our conversation. 请不要打断我们的谈话。 They had to escape to America before the war broke out in 1939. 1939年战争爆发前,他们不得不逃到了美国。

第2课时┃考点精选

2

by [点拨] prep.(表示位置)在??近旁, 在身边;(表示 时间)不迟于, 在??时候;(表示方式)搭乘, 通过, 抓住??, 靠, 采取, 就??而论, 以??方式称 呼, 以??的名义, 凭着。 It is pleasant for her to sit by the fire. 坐在炉火旁边使她觉得很舒服。 Her mother will be here by 4 o'clock by taxi. 她妈妈将会在四点前乘出租车到这儿。

第2课时┃考点精选

3

call [点拨] vt.& vi.叫, 喊;通电话 vt.命名, 取名; vi.拜访, 访问;

n.呼喊声, 叫声; 鸟鸣声;打电话;拜访; 小歇
Would you call me a taxi? I want to call on my old friends.

请给我叫一辆计程车好吗?我想去拜访我的老朋友。 [拓展] 短语:call sb. up征召某人入伍,挑选某人入 国家队;call on/upon号召。

第2课时┃考点精选

4

agree [点拨] (1)agree to do sth. 指“同意做某事”,常用在主 语之后,agree的形式随主语及时态的变化而变化。 My parents agreed to take me to the park. 我父母同意带我去公园。 (2)agree with sb. 意为“同意某人的看法,与某人看法一 致”;agree on 意为“就??达成一致”。 I absolutely agree with you. 我绝对同意你的意见。 [拓展] 名词形式为agreement

第2课时┃考点精选

5

all right 行了,好吧, (病)好了 She was ill for a month, but she's all right now. 她病了一个月,但现在好了。 Are you all right? 你还好吗? All right. Let's go.好吧,我们走吧。 [拓展] That's all right.用来回答道歉,意为“没关系”。

第2课时┃考点精选

6

as a result (作为)结果 [点拨] as a result 是“作为一个最终结果”的意思, 不要与as a result of混清,as a result of是“由于” 的意思,相当于because of。 He was late as a result of the snow. 由于大雪他迟到了。 He worked very hard, as a result, he passed the exam. 他学习很努力,结果他通过了考试。

第2课时┃考点精选

7

as far as (表示程度,范围)“就??,尽??” [点拨] 同义短语: so far as。

As far as I know, he will be away for three months. 就我所知,他将离开三个月。

第2课时┃考点精选

8

as if 好像,仿佛 [点拨] (1)as if 从句所描述的情景被看作是真实的 或可能是真实的时,用陈述语气。 It looks as if it's going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。 It looks as if we shall have to do the work ourselves. 看起来好像我们不得不自己做了。

第2课时┃考点精选

(2)as if 从句所表达的内容完全与事实相反或纯粹是一种 假设时,通常用虚拟语气。 She looks as if she were ten years younger. 她看起来好像年

轻了十岁。 She loves the boy as if she were his mother. 她爱这男孩,就好像她是他的母亲一样。

第2课时┃考点精选

9

as long as只要 [点拨] 同义短语: so long as。

As long as you drive carefully, you will be very safe. 只要你开车小心,你就会很安全。

第2课时┃考点精选

10

as usual 通常,像平常一样 Needless to say, he came late as usual. 不用说,他照例来晚了。 The poor woman went to work as usual. 那个可怜的女人照常上班。 [拓展] than usual “比往常”。 He arrived later than usual. 他比往常到得晚。

第2课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 clothes, clothing, cloth与 dress [辨析] (1)clothes是复数名词,不能用来表示单件衣服。

(2)clothing只有单数形式,侧重于笼统而非具体地指代各 种服装和衣着用品。 (3)cloth指布料。 (4)dress既可以用作不可数名词,统指“衣服”;也可以 用作可数名词,指妇女、儿童的服装;还可以用来表示在 交际场合因应酬需要而穿的带修饰性的外衣、礼服。

第2课时┃词语辨析

The dresses in their clothing stores are different from our clothes. 他们服饰店里的服装和我们的衣服不同。

Where can I find a cloth to wipe this up? 我从哪儿可以找到块抹布把这个擦掉? Take off those wet clothes. 把湿衣服脱掉吧。 He had to wear evening dress to go to the company party. 他要穿晚礼服去赴公司的晚宴。

第2课时┃词语辨析

2

meeting与 conference [辨析] meeting指“广泛的、通俗意义上的会议”;而

conference指“正规的、专题性的会议”。 There is going to be a conference on the sports meeting here today. 今天这里将召开一场运动会专题会议。

第2课时┃词语辨析

3

cook与 cooker [辨析] cook作名词指“炊事员、厨师”,作动词

指“烹调、做饭”;cooker指“炊具”,而非人。 The cook needs some cookers when he cooks. 厨师在烹饪时需要一些炊具。

第2课时┃词语辨析

4

cross, across与through [辨析] (1)cross是及物动词,可直接跟宾语;across是 介词,与动词搭配,然后才能接宾语。 To get to the store, you have to go across the street.But you must be careful when you cross the street because the traffic is heavy. 要到那家商店,你得先过马路。在过马路时要小心,因 为有很多来往车辆。

第2课时┃词语辨析

(2)across含有“从??表面穿过”之意,或沿某一条线 的方向而进行的动作。表示游、渡、乘船过海或过河时 也用它。across from意为“在??对面”。 He can swim across the river. 他能游过这条河。 (3)through含有“从??中间穿过”之意。 She had to push her way through the crowd to meet her son. 她不得不在人群中挤出一条路才能和儿子相遇。

第2课时┃词语辨析

5

day after day与day by day [辨析] day aft

er day指“日复一日”,强调不变化地 重复;day by day指“一天一天地,逐渐”,强调逐渐 变化的过程。 It was raining day after day the whole month. So the water level in the river was rising day by day. 这个月天天都在下雨。所以河水的水位一天比一天高。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 ask sb. for sth.? 请求/向某人要?? When you get lost, you can ask the police for help. 当你迷路时,你可以向警察寻求帮助。 He asked his parents for a bicycle as his birthday present. 他向父母要一辆自行车作为生日礼物。 Some students often ask their parents for money to play video games. 一些学生经常向父母要钱去玩电子游戏。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

2 tell sb. how to do sth. 告诉某人如何做某事 [拓展] ask sb. how to do sth.询问某人如何做某事 She often tells us how to study English. 她经常告诉我们如何学英语。 Many students often ask their teachers how to learn English well. 许多学生经常问老师如何才能学好英语。 Parents tell us how to get on/ along well with classmates. 父母告诉我们如何与同学和睦相处。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

3

be afraid of sth. 害怕某事(某物)(注意be动词的时态) [拓展] be afraid of doing sth. 害怕/不敢做某事 be afraid to do sth. (由于害怕)不敢去做某事 I am afraid of going out at night. I am afraid to go out at night. 我不敢晚上出去。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

He is afraid of staying at home alone. He is afraid to stay at home alone. 他害怕独自待在家里。 Don't be afraid of making mistakes when you speak English. 讲英语时,不要怕犯错误。 Don't be afraid of getting back home alone. You are an adult. 不要害怕独自回家。你是成人了。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

4

be afraid (that) 恐怕(表示一种猜测) I'm afraid that she's out at the moment. 恐怕她此刻不在。 [拓展] I‘m afraid not表示认为前一个人提出的意见 可能不会发生,是委婉的否定。翻译为“恐怕不行”。 I'm afraid that it is impossible/difficult to make Jack keep going over his lessons for two hours every evening. 让杰克每天晚上复习两个小时功课恐怕是不可能的/很困 难。

第2课时┃句型聚焦

5

be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事(注意be动词的时态变化) [拓展] be busy with sth. 忙于做某事 I was busy washing my car at that time. 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。 I am busy with my work every day. 我每天都忙于工作。 All the students are busy getting ready for/preparing for the exam next week. 学生们都在忙着为下周的考试做准备。

第2课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( A )1. Most British high school children ________ uniforms at school. A. wear B. dress C. put on D. dress up ( A )2. —David, can you ________ yourself? —Of course, I can. A. dress B. put on C. wear D. have

第2课

时┃活学活用

( C )3. Mary is used to ________a T-shirt and jeans. A. wear B. dress C. wearing D. dress up ( D )4. The new term is coming. The students are busy ________ the classroom. A. clean B. cleans C. to clean D. cleaning

第2课时┃活学活用

( B )5. This book must ________ Linda. It has her name on it. A. be B. belong to C. are D. is ( D )6. My uncle is ________ of animals, so he never keeps any pets. A. liking B. hating C. dislike D. afraid

第2课时┃活学活用

( C )7. Let's ________ the river. A.across B.Through C.cross D.over ( A )8. Please ________ the door when you leave the room. A. close B. closed C. to close D. closing

第2课时┃活学活用

( B )9. I don't ________ your decision. A.agree on B.agree with C.agree that D.agree ( D )10. At the moment, I am busy ________ for my final exams. A.prepare C.prepared B.to prepare D.preparing

第2课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.让我来告诉你如何发邮件。

tell you how to send Let me ____________________________ an e-mail. 2.妈妈经常告诉我怎样做饭。 tells me how to Mom often________________________ cook. 3.他们小时候怕狗。 were afraid of They___________________ dogs when they were young.

第2课时┃活学活用

4.她害怕跑步因为她很胖。 She _________________________ is afraid of running because she is fat. 5.恐怕我不能帮你打扫房间了。 ___________________ I am afraid that I can't help you clean the room. 6.现在学生们忙于准备考试。 Now students______________________________ the are busy getting ready for exams.

第2课时┃活学活用

7.昨天下午妈妈都在忙着做家务。 Mother __________________________ was busy doing housework yesterday afternoon. was busy with Mother ____________________ the housework yesterday afternoon. 8.最后,他去问了他爸爸如何弹好钢琴。 At last, he went to ask his father how to play _________________________________the piano well.

第2课时┃活学活用

9.不要害怕在公众面前讲话。 __________________________________ Don't be afraid of speaking in public.

10.当你有困难时,可以向警察求助。 When you are in trouble, you can ask the police for help ____________________________.

第3课时

第3课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 can [点拨] aux.能, 能够

vt.将??装入密封罐中保存 n.罐, 罐头
The fish can be canned in the can.

鱼能放罐中保存。 [拓展] 与be able to同义,be able to可用于各种时态。

第3课时┃考点精选

2

cheer [点拨] vt.& vi.为??欢呼, 喝彩,鼓励, 鼓舞 n.欢呼, 喝彩;快活, 欢欣 When they saw us, they waved and cheered and we enjoyed the cheer. 看到我们时, 他们又挥手又欢呼,我们尽情享受这欢呼。 [拓展] 常用短语:cheer up “高兴起来,使高兴”。

第3课时┃考点精选

3

clean [点拨] adj.清洁

的, 干净的; 纯净的;新的,未用过 的;整齐的, 规则的 vt.& vi.(使)清洁; 变干净 Mom asks me to clean my bedroom and keep it clean every day. 妈妈要求我每天打扫我的卧室并保持它每天清洁。 [拓展] 常用短语:clean up “打扫干净”

第3课时┃考点精选

4

close [点拨]

vt.& vi. (使)关, 关闭,终止

adj. 接近的,关系亲密的
The factory that my close friend had worked in for 10 years closed down.

我好朋友工作了十年的工厂倒闭了。

第3课时┃考点精选

5

be proud of 为??而自豪 He is proud of what he has done. 他因自己所做的事感到自豪。 It seems Nancy is proud of her son. 南希看起来很为儿子自豪。

第3课时┃考点精选

6

be strict with 对??严格 [点拨] be strict with通常接sb., 指“对某人要求 严格”。 The teacher is very strict with his students. 老师对他的学生非常严格。 First of all, you must be strict with yourself. 首先你必须严于律己。 [拓展] be strict in表示“在某方面要求严格”。

第3课时┃考点精选

7

belong to 属于 This bag belongs to me. 这个书包是属于我的。 bring up 培养,养大 She's brought up three children. 她养大了三个小孩。 We were brought up to respect the old. 我们(从小)被教导要尊敬老人。

8

第3课时┃考点精选

9

build up 逐渐增强 You need to build up your strength. 你应该逐渐增强体力。

She's built up a very successful business. 她创办的生意很红火。 10 by the way 顺便说一句 By the way, why not drop in for a drink this evening? 顺便说一句,今晚到我家串门喝一杯怎么样?

第3课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 decide与 make up one's mind [辨析] decide指根据现有情况,从若干可能中做出

选择,而make up one's mind强调“打定主意,下定 决心”。 He decides to move to the countryside and makes up his mind to live a simple life. 他决定搬到乡下去,决心过简单的生活。

第3课时┃词语辨析

He can't decide what to do. 他无法决定该做什么。 They made up their minds to sell the house. 他们决定把房子卖掉。

第3课时┃词语辨析

2

deep与 deeply [辨析] deep既可以作形容词也可以作副词,可指空 间上和时间上的“深”;deeply只作副词,用来比

喻人在思想上、精神上的“深”,意为“深深地, 深切地”。 We are deeply moved by the deep feeling between them. 我们被他们俩之间的深情所感动。 The snow is three feet deep. 雪有三英尺深。 He was deeply hurt. 他的感情深受伤害。

第3课时┃词语辨析

3

disappointed与 disappointing [辨析] disappointing指“令人失望的,令人扫兴的”; disappointed指某人对他人或某事物“感到失望的”。 I am disappointed to learn the disappointing news. 得知这个令人扫兴的消息,我感到失望。 The resu

lt was disappointing. 结果是令人失望的。 We were disappointed at the results. 我们对结果感到失望。

第3课时┃词语辨析 4 effect与 affect [辨析] 这两个词都有“影响”的含义,二者的不同在

于:一词性不同,affect是动词,effect是名词;二含 义有细微差别,affect是因,effect是果。 Changes affect us and sometimes make an effect on our lives. 改变会影响我们,有时还会对我们的生活产生影响。 Sandstorms sometimes affect Beijing. 沙尘暴有时会影响到北京。 Watching TV for a long time will have a bad effect on your eyes. 长时间看电视会对眼睛产生不良影响。

第3课时┃词语辨析

5

call in, call on与call up [辨析] call in “召集”;call on “拜访,访问”; call up “号召,打电话”。 How many friends did you call in? 你邀请了多少朋友? I'd like to call on you this Sunday. 我想这个星期天去拜访你。 She called up a friend just for a chat. 她打电话给一个朋友,只是要聊聊天。

第3课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 be famous for 因??而著名 [拓展] be famous as “作为??而出名”

Hangzhou is famous for silk. 杭州因丝绸而出名。 Sichuan is famous for its food. 四川因它的食物而名。 She is famous as a singer. 她作为一名歌手而出名。 Beijing is famous for its long history and many places of interest. 北京以悠久的历史和许多著名景点闻名世界。

第3课时┃句型聚焦

2

be late for ? 迟到了/晚了(注意be动词的变化) He was late for class yesterday.昨天他上课迟到了。 Hurry up, or you will be late for the movie. 如果你不快点,看电影就会迟到了。 I'm sorry I am late for class. 对不起,我迟到了。

第3课时┃句型聚焦 3 be ready for sth. 为??做好了准备

Are you ready for the final exam? 你为期末考试做好准备了吗? They were ready for the party just now. 刚才他们为晚会做好了准备。 [拓展](1)be ready for doing sth. “准备好(做)某事” They are ready for taking the exams. 他们已准备好参加考试了。 (2)be ready to do sth. “准备好(做)某事” I am ready to have a parents' meeting. 我准备好开家长会的事宜了。

第3课时┃句型聚焦

4 5

be sorry for sth. 为某事感到抱歉(遗憾) I'm sorry for that.对那件事我很抱歉。 ask/tell sb. not to do sth.要求/告诉某人不做某事 The teacher tells us not to read in the sun. 老师告诉我们不要在阳光下看书。 Parents tell us not to talk with the strangers. 父母告诉我们不要和陌生人说话。

第3课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( C )1. My best friend Alex failed in the math competition. I'd like to ________. A. dress him up B. pick him up C. cheer him up D. give him up ( B )2. When Daniel is in a bad mood he likes wearing orange to ________. A. wake himself up B. cheer himself up C. give hims

elf up D. pick himself up

第3课时┃活学活用

( A )3. Li Na has won the championship in France Tennis Open. All the Asians ________her challenging spirit and excellent English. A. are proud of B. take care of C. get along with D. be strict with ( B )4. —May I smoke here? —__________,you ________.It can be dangerous. A. Yes; can B. No; can't C. Yes; may D. No; needn't

第3课时┃活学活用

( D )5. —May I go —No. You A. can C. need ( C )6. —Will you —Sorry, I to go back A. mustn't C. can't

out now, Dad? ________ let your mother know first. B. may D. must stay for some more days? ________. My mother called to ask me at once. B. may not D. wouldn't

第3课时┃活学活用

( B )7. —Would you come to my birthday party tomorrow evening? —I'm afraid I ________. I have to look after my sister. A. wouldn't B. can't C. won't D. mustn't ( A )8. The room is big enough. It ________ hold 100 people. A. can C. need B. must be D. have to

第3课时┃活学活用

( A )9. —Your office is really bright and clean. —It ________ after work every day. A. is cleaned B. cleaned C. was cleaned D. cleaning ( D )10. —Must we clean the classroom now? —No, you needn't. It ________ after school. A. may clean C. need cleaned B. must clean D. can be cleaned

第3课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.北京以故宫而闻名。 is famous for Beijing

the Palace Museum. writers. school.

2.老舍和鲁迅作为作家而出名。 are famous as Lao She and Lu Xun 3.托尼经常迟到。 Tony

is ________ often

late for

第3课时┃活学活用

4.昨天我们开会迟到了。 were late for the meeting yesterday. We ________________ 5.许多人已经为成为2016年第31届奥运会志愿者做好了准 备。 are ready to be volunteers Many people ______ for the 31stOlympic Games in 2016. 6.聚会的一切事宜已经准备妥当,我们可以回家了。 Everything is ready for the party, so we can go home.

第3课时┃活学活用

7.我们已做好迎接外宾的准备了。 have been ready to welcome We ________________________________the foreigners.

8.孩子们正在准备做大扫除。 are getting ready to Children ____________________________ do some cleaning.

第3课时┃活学活用

9.爱迪生以他的发明闻名于世。

is famous for his inventions in the world. Edison ______________ 10.如果今晚错过了这场电影, 你会遗憾的。 If you miss the film this evening, you will be sorry for ________________ it.

第4课时

第4课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 complete [点拨] adj.完整的, 完全的;完成的, 结束的;圆

满的;彻底的 vt.完成, 结束;使完善 Would you please complete the passage by using complete sentences? 你能用完整的句子来完成这篇文章吗?

第4课时┃考点精选

2

depend [点拨] vi.依靠, 依赖;决定于, 视??而定, 取决于 Do not depend too much on parents.

We should be independent. 不要太多地依赖父母。我们应该独立。 [拓展] 常用同根词dependent—independent; 常用搭配:depend on依赖;依靠

第4课时┃考点精选

3

down [点拨] adv.向下,在下面;由大到小,由强到弱;处于 低等地位, 处于潦倒状态 prep.(表示位置)在??的下方,在??的下端;(表示方 向)沿着??向下,沿着, 顺着 adj.向下的, 下行的;沮丧的, 情绪低落的 He was so down because everyone looked down upon him. 他情绪低落因为每个人都看不起他。

第4课时┃考点精选

4

clear up收拾;解决;(天气)放晴;(疾病)消失 It is raining now, but I think it will clear up soon.

现在还在下雨,不过我想很快就会放晴。 Okay, children, we'll clear up the room now. 好啦,孩子们,咱们现在打扫房间吧。 [拓展] 同义词:clean up

第4课时┃考点精选

5

come across偶然遇见(或发现) We've just come across an old friend.

我们刚碰到了一位老朋友。 I came across this book in an old bookstore in London. 我在伦敦一家旧书店里发现了这本书。

第4课时┃考点精选

6

come back回来;想起来 Short skirts are coming back these days.

短裙最近又再度流行了。 Has she come back?她已经回来了吗? Her name doesn't come back (to me). 我想不起她的名字。

第4课时┃考点精选

7

come on 来吧,赶快 Come on, Sam! We have to go now. 赶快,萨姆!现在我们得走啦。 Come on. I'll show you where it is. 跟我来,我指给你那东西在哪儿。 Come on!It's not that hard. 来吧!事情并不那么难。

第4课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析

1

elder与 older

[辨析] elder一般用于家庭中的长幼比较或指年长者 (the elder); older既可以用来比较人的年龄大小, 也可以比较事物的新旧程度。 His elder brother is cleaning the older table. 他的哥哥在擦那张比较旧的桌子。

第4课时┃词语辨析

2

else与 other [辨析] else和other均指“其他的,另外的”,但else

跟在不定代词或疑问代词后,作后置定语;other在名词 前,作名词的前置定语。 You can touch something else with the other hand. 你可以用另一只手触摸其他物体。

第4课时┃词语辨析 3 love, like 与 enjoy [辨析] love, like和 enjoy都有“喜欢”之意。 like与love的区别在于like表示一般性的“喜欢”; love表示“热爱”,程度显然大于like;enjoy则着

重指“欣赏,享受??的乐趣”。 —Do you like singing? —Yes. And I also enjoy listening to songs. “你喜欢唱歌吗?” “是的。我也喜欢听些歌曲。” I love the river, and I like to swim there. 我非常喜欢那条河,也喜欢在河里游泳。

第4课时┃词语辨析

4

every day与everyday [辨析] every day指“每天”,在句中作时间状

语;everyday是形容词,指“每天的

,日常的”, 在句中作定语。 I practice everyday English every day. 我每天都练习日常英语。

第4课时┃词语辨析

5

exam (examination)与 test [辨析] 在表示考试时,exam(examination)指正式、大型 而严格的期中期末考试或各种入学考试等,一般时间较 长;test指非正式的小考、测验等,具有短暂性和临时性。 Before the end-of-term exam (examination) we took several tests to warm up. 在期末考试前,我们进行了几次小考热身。

第4课时┃词语辨析

6

carry on与 carry out [辨析] carry on “继续下去,继续开展”;carry out “开展,执行”。 Now we can carry on with our work. 现在我们可以继续干了。 After his death, his children will certainly carry on his career. 他死后,他的孩子们一定会继承他的事业。 He will carry out his plan. 他要执行他的计划。

第4课时┃词语辨析

7

catch up with与 come up with [辨析] catch up with“赶上”;come up with “提出”。 I have to work hard to catch up with the other students. 要想赶上其他同学我得努力才行。 We have done all we could to catch up with them. 为了赶上他们,我们已经尽全力了。 He could not come up with a proper answer. 他不能提出一个合适的答案。

第4课时┃词语辨析

8

check in与 check out [辨析] check in “报到,登记”;check out “查明, 结账”。 Passengers should check in one hour before their flight time at the latest. 乘客最迟应在班机起飞前一小时办理登机手续。 The hotel insists that guests check out of their rooms before 11 o'clock in the morning. 这家旅馆一定要客人在上午11点钟前结账离开房间。

第4课时┃词语辨析

9

come down与 come up [辨析] come up “开始;发生;走过来;开始流行”;

come down“倒塌;流传下来;失势”。 I'll let him know if anything comes up. 如有什么事,我会告诉他的。 The story has come down from time immemorial. 这个故事从远古流传至今。

第4课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 be sorry for doing sth. 为(做)某事感到抱歉(遗憾) I'm sorry for keeping you worrying about me. 抱歉让您一直为我担心了。 I'm sorry for missing your birthday party. 很抱歉我没能参加你的生日聚会。

第4课时┃句型聚焦

2

be sorry to do sth. 为(做)某事感到抱歉(遗憾) I'm sorry to hear that he hasn't come. 听说他没来我感到很遗憾。 be glad that +从句(根据表达需要灵活使用各种时态) be glad to do sth. 很高兴做?? I am so/very glad that I've made great progress in English. 这次我的英语取得了很大进步,我真的很高兴。

3

第4课时┃句型聚焦

4

buy sb. sth.=buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物(注意时 态变化) My mother bought me a coat yesterday. My mother bought a coat for me yesterday. 昨天妈妈给我买了一件外衣。 She will buy he

r son a bike next week. She will buy a bike for her son next week. 下周她要给她的儿子买一辆自行车。

第4课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( C )1. We're sorry ________ that your father's in hospital again. A.hear B.heared C.to hear D.hearing ( B )2. Yesterday Mary's mother bought a new bike ________ her. A.to C.in B.for D.at

第4课时┃活学活用

( B )3. Jordan is famous ________ a basketball player. A.for B.as

C.in D.at ( A )4. He has made up his mind ________ the work by himself. A.to do B.doing C.do D.did

第4课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.抱歉让您久等了。 keeping you waiting for a long I'm sorry for ________________________ time. 2.听说你病了我们感到很遗憾。

We are sorry to hear that

you are ill.

3.我们很高兴拥有许多严格要求我们的老师。 We are glad that we have lots of teachers who are strict with us.

第4课时┃活学活用

4.孩子们很高兴他们赢得了奖项。 The children are glad that they won the prize. 5.圣诞节期间人们通常为家人买礼物。 During Christmas period, people often buy presents for family . 6.在中国之行前,他为自己买了一本关于中国的书。 Before the trip to China, he bought himself a book about China.

第5课时

第5课时┃考点精选

考点精选

1

drive(drive—drove—driven)

[点拨] v.驾车(尤指汽车)运送,用车送;驾车经 过;驱使??拼命干,强迫??干活;逼迫,催促, 使不得不 n.乘车旅行;私人车道

第5课时┃考点精选

Tom broke his left leg because of the traffic accident when he drove to work and the doctors said he would never walk again. But his mother drove the message that he can walk so deep in his heart that Tom finally believed her. 汤姆在开车上班的路上因交通事故左腿骨折了,医生说 他再也不能走路了。但是他妈妈硬是把他还能走路的信念深 深地根植在他心里,以至于最后他相信了妈妈。

第5课时┃考点精选

2

drop [点拨] vt. & vi.(使)落下, 投下 vt.放弃, 断绝交往 n.滴, 滴剂, 滴状物 Many drops make a shower. 雨滴一多就形成阵雨。 He dropped his watch in the bathroom. 他把手表丢在浴室了。 [拓展] drop out of school “退学,辍学”。

第5课时┃考点精选

3

enough [点拨] adv.足够地, 充足地;相当 adj.充足的, 足够的, 充分的

n.充分, 足够
She plays well enough for a beginner. After all she has no enough time to practise. 对于初学者来说, 她弹奏得已相当不错了。毕竟她没有 足够的时间练习。 We earned enough to buy a new house. 我们挣的钱足够买一幢新房子。

第5课时┃考点精选

4

come true 变为现实,成为事实 [点拨] 用于梦想、理想等词的后面,表示愿望或梦想 成真。 After many year's hard work, her dream

came true at last. 经过多年的努力,她的梦想终于实现了。 Because she studied hard, her dream came true. 因为她努力学习,她的梦想成真了。

第5课时┃考点精选

5

congratulate?on? 祝贺?? [点拨] congratulate sb. on/upon?意为“为某事向 某人祝贺”,congratulation是congratulate的名词 形式,也有祝贺之意,常以复数形式出现。 I congratulate you on your success. 我祝贺你的成功。 Congratulations to our players on their getting another gold medal. 祝贺我们的运动员又获得了一枚金牌。

第5课时┃考点精选

6

connect with 与??相连 It's easy to connect Malaysia with rubber and tin. 提到马来西亚就很容易地联想到橡胶和锡。

The bridge connects the island with the mainland. 这座桥把这个岛屿与大陆连接起来。 7 deal with 处理,对付 The meeting will deal with these problems. 本次会议将就这些问题作出处理。 This book deals with an important issue. 这本书论及一个重要的问题。

第5课时┃考点精选

8

depend on(upon) 依靠,相信,信赖 [点拨] 后面常跟sb.或 sth.,也有“依??而定”的 意思。 We depend on newspaper for daily news. 我们靠报纸得到每天的消息。 The price depends on the quality. 价格依质量而定。

第5课时┃考点精选

9

different from 与??不同 [点拨] 在句中通常以be different from的形式出现。 Most of my classmates don't like to talk to their parents, but I am different from them. 我们班大部分同学不喜欢和父母交谈,但我和他们不一 样。 Life in future will be different from life today. 未来的生活将与今天的生活不同。

第5课时┃考点精选

10

divide?into? 把??分成?? [点拨] divide的意思是把整体分成若干份。 Why don't we divide this difficult problem into some simple ones? 为什么我们不把这个困难的问题分成几个简单问题呢? It was a good idea to divide our grade into six classes. 把我们年级分为六个班是一个好主意。

第5课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 excited与 exciting [辨析] exciting既可修饰人也可修饰物。修饰人时,

指人“有鼓动力的”;修饰物时,指事物“令人兴奋 的,令人激动的”。excited一般只可修饰人,指人 “激动的,兴奋的”。 We were excited to hear the exciting news. 听到这振奋人心的消息,我们很激动。

第5课时┃词语辨析

2

fast与 quick [辨析] fast指运动速度快,可兼作形容词和副词; quick指在短时间内,快速而敏捷地做出反应。 Which is faster, a train or a plane? Give me a quick answer, please. 火车和飞机哪个快?请快点回答。

第5课时┃词语辨析

3

forget与 leave [辨析] forget指“忘记”某事; leave指因忘记而把

某物“遗留在??”。 The boy forgot to take his homework to school, because he left his

schoolbag at home. 这个男孩忘记带作业了,因为他把书包落在家里了。

第5课时┃词语辨析

4

forget doing sth.与 forget to do sth. [辨析] forget doing sth.指“忘记做过某事”; forget to do sth.指“忘记去做某事”。 Mary always forgets locking the door, while David forgets to lock it. What a funny and lucky couple they are! 玛丽总是忘记已经锁上门了,而大卫又总忘记锁门。他 们可真是有趣而又幸运的一对啊!

第5课时┃词语辨析

The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.

办公室的灯还在亮着。他忘记关了。 (没有做关灯的动作) He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。(已做过关灯的动作)

第5课时┃词语辨析

5

cut down与 cut off [辨析] cut down “砍倒”;cut Do not cut down the tree that [谚]遮阴之树不可砍。 We were cut off in the middle 我们正交谈时,线路被切断了。 The village is cut off by the 村子被洪水隔绝了。 [拓展] cut up切碎。

off “切断”。 gives you shade. of our conversation. flood.

第5课时┃词语辨析 6 compare to与compare with [辨析] 二者都可指“与??相比”, 除此之外, compare to有“把??比作??”之意。 He compared the girl to the moon in the poem.

他在诗中把那姑娘比作月亮。 Cultural life in the country cannot compare to that of a large city. 农村的文化生活不能与大城市的相比。 He cannot compare with Shakespeare as a writer of tragedies. 在悲剧写作方面他根本不能与莎士比亚相比。

第5课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 both ? and ? 既??又??;??和?? [点拨] 连接并列的句子成分。谓语动词视主语的单复数 而定。 Both she and I are teachers. 我和她都是老师。 He likes playing both basketball and football. 他既喜欢打篮球也喜欢踢足球。 Both Sydney and Beijing have held Olympic Games. 悉尼和北京都举办过奥运会。

第5课时┃句型聚焦

2

give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物 I often gave my mother some money after I

began to work. I often gave some money to my mother after I began to work. 当我上班之后我经常给我妈妈一些钱。

第5课时┃句型聚焦

3

either? or? 或者??或者?? [点拨] 连接主语时谓语动词的单复数需遵循“就近 一致”原则。 We will go to the zoo either today or tomorrow. 我们要么明天要么今天去动物园。 Either Lucy or Lily will go to Beijing with you, because one of them has to help their parents with apple-picking. 要么露西要么莉莉和你一起去北京,因为她们中的一个 必须留下来帮助父母摘苹果。

第5课时┃句型聚焦

4

show sb. sth.= show sth. to sb. 示(展示)某物

向某人出

They showed me a map. They showed a map to me. 他们出示给我一张地图。

第5课时┃活学活用

活学活用

. 单项填空 ( A )1. He gets up as ________ as a bird.

A. C. ( B )2. He A. C.

early B. earlier earliest D. more early likes ________ Chinese and English. either B. both not D. neither

第5课时┃活学活用

( A )3. The drinking water is ________ by the flood. A. cut off B. cut up C. cut down D. cutting off ( B )4. —What a day! It's raining again. I'm afraid we can't go boating tomorrow. —Don't worry. It won't ________ long. A. drop B. last C. rain D. go

第5课时┃活学活用

( B )5. I'm so ________ because I won the game. A. excite B. excited C. exciting D. unexcited ( C )6. When you feel ________ to watch TV by then, you are all right. A.enough good C.well enough B.enough well D.good enough

第5课时┃活学活用

( A )7. When she was 22 years old, her dream to be a teacher ________. A.came true B.come true C.came real D.come real ( B )8. —Don't forget ________ your history and politics books tomorrow morning. —Thanks. I won't. A.bring B.to bring C.bringing D.brought

第5课时┃活学活用

( C )9. He couldn't come into his room because he ________ his key at school. A.leave B.forget C.left D.forgot ( D )10. My shoes ________ yours. A.different from B.difference from C.is different from D.are different from

第5课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.英国人和中国人都喜爱饮茶。

Both English and Chinese

like drinking tea.

2.这家旅店既舒适又便宜。 This hotel is both comfortable and cheap . 3.中国人在春节时给孩子们压岁钱(lucky money)。 give lucky money to children Chinese people ______________________ during the Spring Festival.

第5课时┃活学活用

4.在新书里,那位作家将给我们一个出乎意料的结局。 The writer will give us an unexpected end in his new book. 5.我想或者彼得或者玛丽将成为获胜者。 I think either Peter or Mary is going to be the winner. 6.要么我要么她将去参加下午的会议。 Either I or she will take part in the meeting this ________________ afternoon.

第5课时┃活学活用

7.或者你或者他是对的。

Either you or he is ________________________ right. 8.请出示一张您的照片给我。 show a photo of you to Please ____________________________ me.

show me Please ________________ a photo of you. 9.把那支钢笔给汤姆吧,那是他的。 Give that pen to __________________Tom. It's his.
10.我妹妹有能力处理这件事。 deal with My sister is able to ____________ this problem.

第5课时┃活学活用

11.最后我决定把信给他看。 to show the letter to At last, I decided __________________________ him. 12.她给我看了买来的东西。 She showed me the things that she had bought. 13.你不能总是依靠你的朋友。 depend on You shouldn't always ________________ your friends. 14.不要太多地依赖父母。 depend too much on Don't __________________________your pare

nts.

第6课时

第6课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 experience [点拨] n. 经验, 体验;经历,阅历;感受 vt. 经历, 体验; 感受, 遭受 She is an experienced teacher and she has a lot of experience. 她是一个有经验的老师,她有许多经验。 Please tell us about your experiences in Africa. 请跟我们谈谈你在非洲的经历。 I had a rather strange experience the other day. 前些天我有过一次相当奇怪的经历。

第6课时┃考点精选

2

face [点拨] n.脸, 面孔;面容;面部表情

vt. & vi.面对, 面向??,面临??
I felt nervous when I faced so many people. My face turned red soon. 面对那么多人, 我感到紧张。很快就脸红了。

第6课时┃考点精选

[拓展] face to face面对面 短语中第一个face为动词,第二个face为名词。

The burglar turned the corner and found himself face to face with a policeman. 盗贼一拐弯面对面地碰上了一名警察。 They are standing there, face to face. 他们面对面地站在那里。

第6课时┃考点精选

3

fall [点拨] vi.降落, 落下 n. 堕落, 沦落;瀑布;秋天 The leaves begin to fall when fall comes. 秋天来临时, 树叶开始落下。 [拓展] fall down跌落;fall into陷入;落入。 Babies often fall down when they learn to walk. 婴儿在学走路时经常摔倒。

第6课时┃考点精选

There's nothing to be afraid of. The sky won't fall down. 没有什么好怕的。天不会塌下来。 The boy fell into water and had to be pulled out at once. 男孩掉入了水中,必须马上拉上来。 The Yangtze River falls into the East China sea. 长江汇入东海。

第6课时┃考点精选

4

feel [点拨] vt.触, 摸

link v.由触摸而得知(感觉到) n.感觉, 手感;触, 摸
[点拨] feel作系动词时,后接形容词。

Cotton feels soft. I like the feel of cotton. 棉花摸上去很柔软。我喜欢棉花的手感。

第6课时┃考点精选

5

free [点拨] adj.自由的,不受约束的;免费的, 无偿的 adv.免费地;自由地, 无拘束地

vt.免除; 释放
The children ran free in free time. 孩子们在休息时间自由地奔跑。 I'm quite free this evening. 我今晚没有事。 They enjoy free medical care. 他们享受免费医疗。

第6课时┃考点精选

6

do/try one's best 尽某人最大的努力 [点拨] one's 代表形容词性物主代词或名词所有格。 We must do/try our best to make progress in our lessons. 我们必须尽最大的努力使我们的功课进步。 Although we may fail in the end, we must do our best to do these things. 尽管我们最后可能失败,我们必须尽最大的努力去做 这些事。

第6课时┃考点精选

7

earn one's living 谋生 The man works hard to earn his living.

这个男人为谋生努力工作。 He earns his living by teaching at a language school. 他在语言学校教书以维持生计。

第6

课时┃考点精选

8

feel like doing 想要,感觉要 [点拨] 用于疑问句或否定句,可和want或would like 通用。 Do you feel like having a walk with me? 你愿意和我一起散步吗? I don't feel like drinking beer.我不想喝啤酒。 He didn't feel like having a picnic with us. 他不想和我们一起去野餐。

第6课时┃考点精选

9

find out 查明,发现,了解 [点拨] 指经过探听、询问、调查之后才发现。 Have you found out why he was late? 你弄清楚他为什么迟到了吗? I have found out why he made progress in this exam. 我已经知道为什么他在这次考试中取得进步了。

第6课时┃考点精选

[拓展] look for/find/find out look for“寻找”,强调找的动作和过程。 find “找到,发现”,强调找的结果。 find out “查出,获知”,强调经过研究、调查而得。 Can you find out what time the train leaves? 你能查出火车什么时候发车吗? I looked for my book in my backpack, but I couldn't find it there. 我在背包里找我的书,但找不到。

第6课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 for the moment与 for a moment [辨析] for the moment指“此刻,暂时”;for a

moment指“一会儿”。 Would you please wait for me for a moment, and I am busy and can not go with you for the moment. 你能等我会儿吗?此刻我正忙不能跟你去。

第6课时┃词语辨析

2

friendly with与 friendly to [辨析] friendly to指“对??友好/友善”,后可跟 人或物; friendly with后一般跟人,指“与某人友好 相处”。 He is friendly to the plan and I am not, but we are still friendly with each other. 他赞成这个规划,而我反对,但是我们仍能友好相处。

第6课时┃词语辨析

3

get in与 get on [辨析] get in和get on都指“上(车)”,但车不 同,get in一般指上小汽车,出租车;get on指上飞 机,船,公共汽车,火车,自行车,马等。 People getting on a bus usually travel slower than those getting in a car. 坐公交一般都比坐小汽车慢。 [拓展] get off下车。

第6课时┃词语辨析

4

go for a doctor与 go to a doctor [辨析] go for a doctor指因病去“请医生看病”; go to a doctor指去“看望医生”,不论生病与否。 She went for a doctor called Hank, and she knew him very well, because she often went to him. 她请了一名叫汉克的医生来看病。她跟汉克很熟悉, 因为她经常去看望他。

第6课时┃词语辨析

5

go to bed与sleep [辨析] go to bed和sleep都表示“睡觉”的动作, 但动作先后顺序不同:先go to bed然后sleep。 To go to bed early and sleep well is good for your health. 早睡并睡个好觉对身体好。

第6课时┃词语辨析

6

far away与 far from [辨析] far away“遥远的”。far away通常与from 搭配,表示距离远或远离。 far from“远离”。它除了可以表示“远离”的意

思之外,还有“远远不,完全不,决非”的意思, 后面接名词、动词或形容词。 My hometown is far away from Beijing. 我的家乡距离北京很远。

第6课时┃词语辨析

The school is far away from my house. 学校距离我家很远。 They don't live far away. 他们住得不远。 My school is far from here. 我的学校离这儿很远。 Far from reading his letter, he didn't open it. 别说他看过信了,他连信封都没拆。 He is far from being rich. 他一点也不富裕。

第6课时┃词语辨析

7

fill?with?与fill in [辨析] fill?with?表示“用??填充”。通常和be 动词连用,也常用于被动语态中。fill in表示“填 充”。 Her eyes filled with tears. 她的眼里充满了泪水。 He filled the shelf with books. 他在书架上塞满了书。

第6课时┃词语辨析

The cinema is filled with people. 电影院里充满了人。

The applicants have to fill in several forms. 申请人得填写几张表格。 Fill in your answers in capital letters, not small letters. 答案要用大写字母填写,不要用小写字母。

第6课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢(喜爱)做某事 (enjoy一词后 只能接名词、代词或动名词)

I enjoy watching TV. 我喜欢看电视。 I enjoy visiting the Science Museum. 我喜欢参观科学博物馆。

第6课时┃句型聚焦

2

get +比较级 变得更?? (表达变化还可用become, turn, go等词) When spring comes, it is getting warmer. 当春天到来时,天气变得更暖和了。 Nowadays, it is becoming/getting more and more popular to lead a low carbon life. 如今,低碳生活方式正受到越来越多的人追捧。

第6课时┃句型聚焦

3

hate doing sth.讨厌做某事(经常性的动作) [拓展] hate to do sth.讨厌做某事(一次性的动作) Paul hates having his picture taken. 保罗不喜欢别人给他照相。 I hate to interrupt you, but things are too strange to believe. 我不想打断你,但是事情太令人难以置信了。

第6课时┃句型聚焦

4

finish doing sth. 结束做某事 The book was so interesting that I just spent one day finishing reading it. 那本书太有趣了, 我只用了一天时间就看完了。 After finishing doing homework, Jim went to bed at once. 做完作业,吉姆立刻上床睡觉了。

第6课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( D )1. —Mom, can I watch TV for a while? —Of course. But you should finish ______ your homework first. A. do B. did C. to do D. doing ( D )2. Sam enjoys ________ stamps. And now he has 226 of them. A. to collect B. collected C. collects D. collecting

第6课时┃活学活用

( C )3. Some boys of Class One hate rock music.

________

A. listen to B. listens to C. listening to D. listened to ( B )4. Try to tell what this is just by ________ it. A. feel C. feels B. feeling D. fell

第6课时┃活学活用

( C )5. Several of the book

s had ________ onto the floor. A. fall B. fell C. fallen D. falls ( A )6. We should try our best ________ that work. A.to finish B.finishing C.finish D.doing

第6课时┃活学活用

( C )7. Do you have to ________ by 10 o'clock? A.go bed B.sleep C.go to bed D.to sleep ( C )8. Most people in Guangdong are getting ________. A.more and more rich B.more rich and more rich C.richer and richer D.richer and nicest

第6课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.我们都喜欢帮助他人。 enjoy helping others We all ____________________________. 2.一些人喜欢在早餐时读报。 enjoy reading newspapers during breakfast. Some people ________________________ 3.不幸的是,一切正变得更糟糕。 are getting worse Unfortunately, things ________________________.

第6课时┃活学活用

4.当夏季来临时,白天变得更长而夜晚更短。

When summer comes, days

are getting longer and nights are getting shorter .
5.你现在就把输入的东西存盘吧。你肯定不会愿意把那

东西再重新输一遍的。 hate working _ Save your work now. You'd surely all over again. 6.昨天晚上,迈克太累了以至于不能画完。 so tired that he couldn't finish drawing Mike was _______________________ _ last night.

第6课时┃活学活用

7.当我到家的时候,我妈妈已经写完了一封信。 finished writing a letter My mother had ________________________________

when I got home. 8.我不知道她是否喜欢戴太阳镜。 she likes wearing I don't know whether____________________________ sunglasses.

第7课时

第7课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 hard [点拨] adj.硬的, 坚实的, 坚固的; 困难的, 难懂 的;辛苦的, 努力的;有力的, 猛烈的;铁石心肠 的, 冷酷无情的, 严厉的 adv.努力地, 艰难地;严重地;猛烈地 The stone is hard. 这石头很硬。 The book is so hard that I cannot read it at all. 这本书太难了, 我一点儿也读不懂。 The young man worked very hard and soon began to

get ahead.那个年轻人很勤奋,他的事业很快有了进展。

第7课时┃考点精选

2

head [点拨] n.头部;领导, 首脑;上端, 顶部, 前端; 个人;(牛、羊等)头数 vt.带领; 居??之首; 主管 vi.朝??行进; 长出头 Write your address at the head of this page. 把你的住址写在这一页的上端。 His name heads the list. 他的名字居名单之首。 You are heading north. 你们在往北行进。

第7课时┃考点精选

3

heavy [点拨] adj.重的; 沉重的, 沉闷的, 忧郁的; 迟 钝的, (动作)艰难的 This box is the heaviest of the three. 这个箱子是三个箱子中最重的。 He is laden with heavy responsibility. 他肩负重任。

第7课时┃考点精选

4

help [点拨] vt. & vi.帮助 n. 帮助, 援助

interj. (呼救语)救命
[拓展] can't help doing sth.忍不住做

某事; help sb. do/to do/with sth.帮某人做某事 We'll be happy to help if you need us. 如果你需要的话, 我们将乐意帮助你。 She burst out crying. She couldn't help it. 她放声大哭, 无法控制自己。

第7课时┃考点精选

Honey helps the cough. 蜂蜜能治咳嗽。 He can't help jumping when he hears the good news. 听到这个好消息他忍不住跳了起来。 Could you help me carry this suitcase upstairs? 你帮我把这箱子搬到楼上好吗? Can you help me to learn English? 你能帮我学英语吗?

第7课时┃考点精选

5

first of all 首先 [点拨] first of all是从事物排列顺序上说的

“首先、第一 (before anything else)”。 [拓展] 近义短语: (1)at first 意为“首先, 最初”,常常含有“起 初如何,而以后并非如此”的意思,相当于in(at) the beginning;

第7课时┃考点精选

(2) above all是从事物重要性上说的 “首先(most importantly)”,因此,亦可译为“最重要的是、

特别是、尤其是”等等。 First of all, you have to remember this thing. 首先你必须记住这件事。 He is a great soldier first of all. 他首先是位伟大的军人。

第7课时┃考点精选

6

for example 例如 [点拨] for example用来举例说明某一论点或情况,一般 只举同类人或物中的“一个”为例,作插入语,可位于句 首、句中或句末。 Many women, Mary for example, have a job and a family. 许多妇女,例如玛丽,都有工作和家庭。 Many great people rose from poor backgrounds— Lincoln for example.很多伟人出身贫寒,林肯就是一例。 [拓展] 同义短语:such as。such as用来列举事物时,一 般列举同类人或事物中的几个例子,放在被列举的事物与前 面的名词之间,as后面不可有逗号。

第7课时┃考点精选

7

from?to? 从??到?? The museum is open from Monday to Friday. 博物馆星期一到星期五开馆。 get close(to) 接近 The fire is dangerous. Don't get close to it. 火很危险。不要接近它。

8

第7课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 have a word with与 have words with [辨析] have a word with sb. 指“和某人说话”; have words with sb. 指“与人争吵”。常言道“言多 必失”,因此可联想复数形式即表示争吵(have words with)。 I intended to have a word with him on the problem but we had different ideas and I had words with him. 我本想和他谈谈这个问题,但是我们意见有分歧,最后吵 了起来。

第7课时┃词语辨析

2

have/has been to 与 have/has gone to [辨析] have/has been to指“到过某地,现在已经回来 了”; have/has gone to指“去了某地,还没有回来”。 She has been to America once and now she has gone there again. 她去过美国一次,现在她又去了。 I have been to Beijing. 我去过北京。 —Where is he?他在哪儿? —He has gone to Beijing.


去北京了。

第7课时┃词语辨析 3 have to与 must [辨析] have to和must都有“必须”的意思,但感情色彩 有所不同。have to指“客观上不得不”; must指“主观 上认为必须怎样”。

“You must finish your homework before you go to play.” said my father. So I had to do so. 我父亲对我说:“你必须写完作业才能去玩”。所以我不 得不这样做。 We must help each other. 我们必须互相帮助。 My sister is ill, my mother has to look after her. 我妹妹病了,我妈妈得照顾她。

第7课时┃词语辨析

4

hear, listen (to)与 hear of

[辨析] hear指“听到”,强调结果;listen to指“听”, 强调动作; hear of指间接地听到——“听说”。 Did you hear of Ann? Listen! She is singing in the next room. Let's stop talking and listen to her. Now can you hear her? 你听说过安吗?听!她在隔壁唱歌呢。我们不要说话了,听 听她唱歌。你听见了吗? I didn't hear the phone because I was listening to the radio. 我没有听见电话响,因为我在听收音机。

第7课时┃词语辨析

5

get away, give away与 give out [辨析] get away 指“逃离”; give away 指“赠 送,分发”; give out 指“分发,用尽”。 Two of the prisoners got away. 两名犯人逃跑了。 She gave away all her money to the poor. 她把钱都送给穷人了。 Miss Liu gave out the new books to everyone. 刘老师给大家发了新书。

第7课时┃词语辨析

6

get back与give back [辨析] get back 指“返回;回来,回家”; give back 指“归还”。 He'll get back around 3:00. 他大概3点钟会回来。 When did you get back? 你什么时候回来的? This isn't your money and you must give it back. 这不是你的钱,你一定要还回去。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 get on (well) with =get along (well ) with 与??相处(融洽)

I am sure you'll get on well with her because of her kindness. 我确信你会和她相处得很好,因为她这人很友善。 He can always get on well with his colleagues wherever he works. 无论他在哪里工作,他总能和同事们和睦相处。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

It's important to get on/along well with our classmates. 和同学们和睦相处很重要。 [拓展] 其他和get相关的词组:get on“上车”, get off“下车”, get to“到达”, get up“起 床”, get together“相聚”, get out“离开, 出去”。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

2

get ready for 为??做准备 She got ready for a journey last week. 上周她做好了旅行的准备。 You have to get yourself ready for any time; when a chance comes your way you can surely capture it. 你自己必须随时做好准备;一旦机会来了,你就能不 失时机地抓住它。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

3

get sth. ready 把??准备好 Get everything ready!

把一切准备好! Hurry up, boys! You need to

get the bedroom ready by 12:00. 抓紧点,男孩们!你们需要在12点以前把卧室准备好。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

4

send sb. sth. =send sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 Could you please help me to send this gift to my grandmother? 你能帮我把这个礼物寄给我的祖母吗? It's very nice of you to send me your new novel. 把你的新小说寄给我,你真是太好了。

第7课时┃句型聚焦

I will send you an email as soon as I get home./I will send an email to you as soon as I get home.

我一到家就给你发电子邮件。 [拓展] send for sb.派人去请某人 The old lady is seriously ill, and we have to send for a doctor. 那个老太太病得很严重,我们必须得请个大夫来。

第7课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( C )1. Would you please speak more slowly?

I

can hardly ________ you. A. talk with B. agree with C. follow D. hear ( C )2. Please send ________ best wishes to Mary. A. I B. me C. my D. mine

第7课时┃活学活用

( D )3. You ________ wear sports shoes climb a mountain. A. can't B. shouldn't C. mustn't D. have to ( D )4. —Where are your twin sisters? —They ________ to park to fly A. have been in B. have C. have gone in D. have

when you

kites. been to gone to

第7课时┃活学活用

( D )5. —Lily, where is your grandma? —She ________ the market to buy vegetables.

A. has been to B. have been to C. have gone to D. has gone to ( B )6. Many people here, ________, John, would rather have coffee. A.such as B.for example C.so as D.for an example

第7课时┃活学活用

( C )7. I ________ my teacher carefully, but I can't ________ him. A.listen; hear B.hear; listen to C.listen to; hear D.hear; listen ( B )8. We ________ but we ________ nothing. A.heard; listened B.listened; heard C.heard of; listened to D.listened to; heard of

第7课时┃活学活用

( D )9. Yang Liwei is the first Chinese astronaut________ into space. A.being sent B.to send C.sent D.to be sent ( B )10. The luggage is so ________ that the little girl can't lift it. A.light B.heavy C.lighter D.heaviest

第7课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.由于他是新生,我希望他能与同班同学相处融洽。 he can get on well with his classmates I hope _______________________________________

because he is new. 2.他们彼此根本不和。 They don't get on well with each other 3.我不晓得应该准备些什么婴儿用品。 I am not sure what I shall buy to get ready for a baby ________________________.

at all.

第7课时┃活学活用

4.现在我不能出去,我正在准备数学考试。 I can't go out now. ________________________ I am getting ready for the math exam. 5.当你见到她时记得把书给她。 Please remember to give her the book/give the book to her ___________________________________________when you see her. 6.我送给他一条领带作为生日礼

物。 I _ give him a tie/give a tie to him birthday present. as a

第7课时┃活学活用

7.现在,越来越多的人们喜欢发送电子邮件给朋友,而 不是信。

Nowadays, more and more people like to send emails to their friends rather than letters. 8.别忘了给你姐姐寄张明信片。 to send your sister Don't forget ________________________ a postcard.

第8课时

第8课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 hit [点拨] vt. & vi.打, 打击,碰撞

vt.伤害, 殃及 n.一击, 击中
The boxer hits hard with his left hand. 拳击手用其左手狠狠出击。

第8课时┃考点精选

I hit a difficult point in my work and decided it was time for a cup of tea.

我在工作中遇到了一个困难, 因此打算先喝杯茶休 息一下。 Jim is still recovering from that hit on the head. 吉姆头上挨了一拳, 还没有完全清醒过来。

第8课时┃考点精选

2

hold [点拨] vt.拿, 抱, 握住;包含,容纳 vt. & vi.保持, 持续;举行, 进行 n.握住, 抓住; 控制, 掌握 Hold the baby for a minute, please. 请把孩子抱一下。 The 2008 Olympic Games was held in Beijing. 2008年奥运会是在北京举行的。 The can can hold a lot of water. 这个罐子可以容纳很多水。

第8课时┃考点精选

3

hope [点拨] n.希望, 期望 vt. & vi.希望, 期望 I know that I am very important for my parents, because I am their hope. 我知道我对父母来说很重要,因为我是他们的希望。 She never completely gave up hope. 她从不完全放弃希望。

第8课时┃考点精选

We hope that we will be better paid. 我们希望得到更好的报酬。

I hope that he will succeed. 我期望他会成功。 I hope to see you and your family soon. 我期待不久能见到你和你的家人。

第8课时┃考点精选

4

hurt [点拨] vt.使受伤; 伤害 vi.疼痛 vt. & vi.对??有害; 对??有不良影响 n.肉体上的伤害(痛苦);精神上的痛苦(创伤) He hurt his leg while playing football. 他踢足球时伤了腿。

第8课时┃考点精选

I didn't hurt your pride on purpose. 我不是故意伤害你的自尊心的。

No one suffered any hurt in the accident. 在这场事故中没有人受伤。 The experience left me with a hurt feeling. 这次经历给我留下了深深的创伤。

第8课时┃考点精选

5

get together 聚会;联欢 [点拨] get together表示“聚在一起”这个动作, together表示“在一起”的这种状态。 Let's get together again.改天再聚聚。 When can we get together? 我们何时相聚? Let's get together soon and have a chat. 我们不久后相聚聊聊吧。

第8课时┃考点精选

6

give up放弃(念头、希望等), 认输 [点拨] 如果后接动词的话要用动名词形式。 Don't give up hope! 别放弃希望! Do not give up halfway! 不要半途而废! You had better give up smoking. 你最好戒烟。

第8课时

┃考点精选

7

go over 仔细检查,复习 Tom went over the text before the exam.

汤姆考试前复习了课文。 She went over her lines before the first night of the play. 她在该剧首演前又练习了一次台词。

第8课时┃考点精选

8

go through 浏览,翻阅;通过 I went through some magazines while I waited.

我边等边浏览了几本杂志。 The customs men went through his suitcase. 海关人员检查了他的箱子。

第8课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 hear from与 hear of(about) [辨析] hear of指“听说”,从别人那儿间接得知; hear from指“收到??的来信”。 It's so strange that I heard from a man whom I've never heard of. 我收到了陌生人的来信,太奇怪了。 I haven't heard from him since he telephoned. 自从那次他来电话后,我一直没有收到他的来信。 Did you ever hear of pumpkin pie? 你听说过南瓜派吗?

第8课时┃词语辨析 2 high与 highly

[辨析] high除了作形容词外,还可作副词,指具体的 高; highly指抽象概念上的“高度地认识到、高度评 价”等, think highly of sth.“高度评价某人”; think highly of sth.“高度评价某物”。 He can jump high in the race and so is highly spoken of. 他能在比赛中跳得很高,所以得到了高度的评价。 He jumps high. 他跳得很高。 My teacher spoke highly of what I did. 老师对我的行为做出了高度评价。

第8课时┃词语辨析

3

in front of与 at (in) the front of [辨析] in front of表示“在??(之外)的前 面”;at (in) the front of表示“在??(之内) 的前面”。 He stands in the front of the room looking at the children playing in front of the house. 他站在房间前面,看着屋前玩耍的孩子们。

第8课时┃词语辨析

4

get off 与 get on [辨析] (1)get off“脱下(衣服等);下车;出 发,动身”。表示从 ship, bus, train, plane等 大型交通工具“下去”用get off。 Get off the bus, please.请下车。 Get off your coat.把外衣脱掉。 Get your shoes off.请脱鞋。

第8课时┃词语辨析

(2) get on“上车;过活;进展”。乘坐 ship, bus, train, plane等大型交通工具表示“上去”用get on。 He is too old to get on the bus. 他太老了以至于不能上公交车。 Everything was getting on very well. 一切进行得很顺利。 I am afraid I didn't get on very well in the exam. 我这次考试恐怕不太顺利。

第8课时┃词语辨析

5

get through与 look through [辨析] get through“通过,拨通(电话)”; look through“仔细查看,浏览,温习”。 I think you will get through. 我想你是能通过的。 I couldn't get through. 我打不通电话。

第8课时┃词语辨析

6

go off与set off [辨析] go off“走开,爆炸”;set off “点燃、 燃放”。 The headache went off quite suddenly. 头疼突然消失了。 The bomb went off in a crowded street. 炸

弹在熙来攘往的街道上爆炸了。 We often set off fireworks during Spring Festival. 我们经常在春节期间放烟花。

第8课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 pass sb. sth. 与 pass sth. to sb. 递给某人某物 I passed her message to her mother while I was shopping in the mall. 当我在商场购物的时候,我把她的口信带给她的母亲了。 Please pass her this list. =Please pass this list to her. 请把这张表递给她。 [拓展] pass on “传递??”

第8课时┃句型聚焦

2

bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把??带来给某人 Don't worry about your photos. I will bring them to you some day. 不要担心你的照片,有一天我会把它们给你拿去的。 —Where are those papers I asked for? —I brought them to you when you were watching TV. Don't you remember? “我要的文件在哪儿?” “在你看电视的时候我拿给你了,难道你不记得了吗?”

第8课时┃句型聚焦

3

lend sb. sth. =lend sth. to sb. 把??借给某人(借出)

I'm sorry to trouble you, but I want to know if you can lend me your pen? 很抱歉打扰你,但是我想知道你能借给我你的笔吗?

第8课时┃句型聚焦

[拓展] borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借??(借入) May I borrow your pencil sharpener? 我能借你的转笔刀吗? —Who lent you the radio? —I borrowed it from my cousin. “谁借给你那个收音机的?” “我从我表弟那里借来的。”

第8课时┃句型聚焦

4

tell sb. sth. 与 tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事 First, I'd like to tell you a few things about this factory. 首先,我想告诉你有关这家工厂的一些情况。 It is bad for teenagers to tell lies to their parents. 青少年对家长撒谎是不好的。

第8课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( B )1. Tom was so careless that he ________his right arm when he was riding to school. A. hurts B. hurt C. has hurt D. had hurt ( A )2. When you don't know a word, you can ________ in the dictionary. A. look it up B. set it up C. give it up D. pick it up

第8课时┃活学活用

( B )3. We should never

________ till tomorrow

what we can do today. A. put on B. put off C. give up D. give away ( B )4. Smoking is not allowed in public places since May 1st last year. It may be a good chance for some people to ________ smoking. A. put up C. pick up B. give up D. look up

第8课时┃活学活用

( D )5. Last year was a hard time to my friend Jim, but he didn't ________ hope. A. pick up B. use up C. put up D. give up ( A )6. She can jump ________ 180 cm. A.as high as B.as highly as C.so high as D.so highly as

第8课时┃活学活用

( B )7. He is a good student, all of the teachers think ________ of him. A. high B. highly C. higher D. highest ( D )8. —Do you often hear ________ your pen pals? —Yes, they often write to me. A. of B. on C. about D. from

第8课时┃活学活用

( C )9. We told her ________ re

turn the book. A. for B. up C. to D. in

( C )10. We hope ________ you soon. A. see B. seeing C. to see D. saw

第8课时┃活学活用

II. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.那个女助理把消息传给了她的老板。 passed the message to her The woman assistant ________________________ boss. 2.我把感冒传染给了她,她又传染给了她的孩子。 passed it to her child She caught my cold and__________________________. 3.下次来拜访时,我会带些自制的草莓果酱来。 I will bring When I call on you next time, ________________ some of our home-made strawberry jam.

第8课时┃活学活用

4.这悲伤的消息使得她哭了。 brought the tears from The sad news ___________________________ her eyes. 5.他们如此的慷慨,以至于他们愿意无偿把CD机借给我们。 They are so generous that they would like lend us their CD set to________________________ without payment. 6.如果你需要橡皮,我把我的借给你。 I will lend mine to you If you need an eraser,_____________________________.

第8课时┃活学活用

7.玛丽只把秘密告诉了约翰。 told the secret to Mary only ___________________________

John.

8.我有时候会在女儿睡觉前给她讲个故事。 I sometimes tell a story to my daughter before she goes to sleep.

第8课时┃活学活用

9.他昨天寄给我一封信。 sent me a letter/sent a letter to me yesterday. He ____________________________________

10.他每年寄给我一张圣诞卡片。 sends me a Christmas card/ He ______________________________ sends a Christmas card to me ____________

every year.

第9课时

第9课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 last [点拨] vi. 延续; 继续;耐用,经久

adj.最后的, 末尾的,最近的; 刚过去的, 上一个的 n.最后的(最后提到的)人(物)
She felt sure that their friendship would last. 她确信他们的友谊会地久天长。 This is our last hope. 这是我们最后的希望了。 He was the last to come. 他是最后一个来的。

第9课时┃考点精选

2

leave [点拨] vt.把??留下; 遗忘 vt. & vi.离去, 离开; 出发; 舍弃 n.准假, 假期 I must go back. I've left my car key. 我必须回去。我忘了带汽车钥匙。 We're giving him a party when he leaves. 当他离开时, 我们将为他举办一个聚会。 She asked for a day's leave. 她要求请一天假。

第9课时┃考点精选

3

lie [点拨] vi.躺, 卧;位于;说谎 vi. & link v.平放

n.谎话
He broke his leg and had to lie all the time. 他摔断了腿, 不得不一直躺着。

第9课时┃考点精选

There lies a small town at the foot of the mountain. 山脚下有一个小镇。 I'm sure he was lying. 我确信他是在撒谎。 The books have been lying here ever since they were laid here. 这些书自从放在这里就一直未动过。 He tried to tell me a lie about losing his wallet. 他试图使我相信他丢失

了钱包的谎言。

第9课时┃考点精选

4

light [点拨] n.光, 光线, 光亮;光源, 电灯 vt. & vi.点火, 生火, 点燃;(使)容光焕发 vt.照亮, 照明 adj.光线充足的, 明亮的;轻的, 不重的 Turn off the light, please. 请关灯。 The match lights easily. 这火柴容易点燃。

第9课时┃考点精选

Her face lighted when she saw who it was. 当她弄明白这是谁时, 脸上露出了喜色。

This is a nice light room. 这是一间光线明亮的房间。 This box is lighter than that one. 这只箱子比那只箱子轻。 [拓展] light 作动词意为“照亮”,后面常跟up。

第9课时┃考点精选

5

grow up 长大成人,成长 [点拨] 一般用于句子末尾, 还有“崛起,兴起,逐 渐形成”的意思。 I want to be a doctor when I grow up. 我长大后想当一名医生。 A warm friendship grew up between the two men. 两人之间逐渐产生了友情。

第9课时┃考点精选

6

have a cold患感冒 I had a bad cold last week.

上周我感冒很厉害。 It's easy to catch a cold in winter. 冬天很容易患感冒。 [拓展] 同义短语:catch a cold “患感冒”。

第9课时┃考点精选 7 have fun with 玩得高兴,和??玩得很开心 He had fun with his friends. 他和朋友们玩得很开心。 The most important thing for learning English is

having fun with it. 学习英语最重要的是对它有兴趣。 [拓展] have fun doing sth.“做某事有乐趣”。 We had great fun comparing our baby's pictures. 我们比较宝宝的照片,觉得很有趣。 We had fun riding our bicycles to the beach today. 我们今天骑自行车去海滨玩得很开心。

第9课时┃考点精选

8

help oneself to 请随便吃点 [点拨] 一般是饭桌上主人对客人的客套话。 Jim, help yourself to some cakes. 吉姆,请随便吃些蛋糕。 Help yourselves to some apples, children. 孩子们,随便吃点苹果吧。

第9课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 inspired与 inspiring [辨析] inspired指“受到鼓舞(激励)的”,表示被动意 义;inspiring指“鼓舞人心的”,表示主动意义。 We are inspired by his inspiring words. 他那鼓舞人心的话激励了我们。 She was one of the most inspiring people I've ever met.她是我见过的最能鼓舞人心的人之一。 Her reply inspired him with new hope. 她的答复使他产生了新的希望。

第9课时┃词语辨析

2

in the tree与 on the tree [辨析] on the tree指“在树上”,表示属于树的一

部分,如花、果、叶等;in the tree也是“在树 上”,但表示不属于树的一部分,只是停留在树上。 There is a boy in the tree picking fruit on the tree. 树上有个男孩在摘果子。

第9课时┃词语辨析

3

in the wall与 on the wall [辨析] in the wall指在墙“里”,嵌入墙中;on the wall指在墙“上”,在墙的表面。 He put up a picture on the wall t

o cover the hole in it. 他在墙上挂了张照片来挡住墙上的洞。

第9课时┃词语辨析

4

in time与 on time [辨析] in time指“及时,提早”;on time指“准 时,按时”。可用其介词来区分:in time指在一段 时间内,在迟到前,即“及时”;on time指在规定 时间点上,正点,即“准时,按时”。 The film will be showed on time. Can you arrive at the cinema in time? 电影将准时开演。你能及时赶到电影院吗?

第9课时┃词语辨析

5

join与 take part in [辨析] join作及物动词时,后可接人或物。join sth. 指加入到某一组织,成为其中的一员;join sb.指和某 人共同做某事。take part in后只可接物,一般指参加 到集体活动中并扮演一定的角色。 After joining the company, he took an active part in the group work. 进入公司后,他在集体协作中表现积极。

第9课时┃词语辨析

He joined the League in 1985. 他在1985年入了团。

The old man took part in the Long March. 这位老人参加过长征。 John takes part in many school activities. 约翰参加很多学校里的活动。

第9课时┃词语辨析

6

hand in与 hand out [辨析] hand in 指“上交,交纳”,强调亲手交 给,还有“把??扶上车”的意思;hand out 指 “分发”,还有“施舍”的意思。 We must hand in the homework on time. 我们要准时交作业。 It's important to hand out our exercise books in time. 及时分发我们的练习册很重要。

第9课时┃词语辨析

7

hang on与hold on [辨析] hang on (打电话时)“不挂断,等待片刻”; hold on“等一等”(别挂电话)。 Hang on a minute while I look it up. 电话别挂断,我查一下。 Hold on, please. I'll see if he's in his office. 请别挂断,我去看看他是否在办公室。

第9课时┃词语辨析

8

holiday与vacation [辨析] (1)holiday(n.)一般表示时间可长可短的 假期,为可数名词。与季节连用时多用复数;与数 词连用时只表示次数,不表示日期。 We have had three holidays since the beginning of the year. 今年以来,我们已经有过三次假期了。

第9课时┃词语辨析

(2)vacation(n.)一般表示比较长的假期,多指大学 的假期、法庭的休庭期。至于寒、暑假,英国人喜欢 用summer/winter holidays;美国人喜欢用 summer/winter vacation,两者区别不大。 We spent our summer holidays/vacation in the countryside this year. 今年我们是在乡村过的暑假。

第9课时┃词语辨析

9

hope与wish [辨析] (1)通常情况下,hope后面只能接不定式和 that从句,表示一种有信心的、可实现的希望。 I hope to see you soon. 我希望不久能见到你。 (2)wish通常表示某种未实现或无法实现的欲望或希 望,wish后跟从句时常用虚拟语气。 I wish I were a bird. 我希望我是一只鸟。

第9课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1

had better do sth. 最好做某事 [点拨] had better后面要跟动词原形;had better

只有一种形式,没有has/have better这一形式;它 的否定式是在它后面加not。 There will be a test tomorrow. You had better have a good rest. 明天有考试,你最好休息好。

第9课时┃句型聚焦

You'd better/You had better do more exercise every day.你最好每天多做锻炼。

We had better finish our homework first, then we will go to see Mr. Li. 我们最好先完成作业,然后再去看李老师。

第9课时┃句型聚焦

2

mind doing [点拨] mind后接动名词。 Would you mind taking out the trash? 你可不可以把垃圾拿出去? Would you mind my smoking here? 我抽根烟你介意吗?

第9课时┃句型聚焦

3

keep doing 继续做,不停地做 [点拨] keep doing 表示不间断地做某事。 Keep going until you see a bridge. 继续走直到你看见一座桥。 Because of the heavy rain, he kept me waiting for two hours. 因为下大雨,他让我等了两个小时。

第9课时┃句型聚焦

4

go on doing 继续做(以前做的事) [拓展] go on to do表示停止做以前的事,接着做另一 件事。 The doctor went on working throughout the night. 这位医生不停地工作了一整夜。 Let's go on to discuss another question. 咱们接着讨论另外一个问题吧。

第9课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( B )1. Father is sleeping. You'd better ________ quiet. A. to keep B. keep C. keeping D. kept ( A )2. He was in such a hurry that he ________ his key at home. A. left B. forget C. leave D. forgot

第9课时┃活学活用

( B )3. He saw a cat ________ the tree on his way to school.

A. on B. in C. at D. for ( B )4. The man has kept ________ A. to work B. working C. worked D. works

for two hours.

第9课时┃活学活用

( A )5. The boy kept on

________

questions

in class, so the teacher thought he was not clever. A. asking B. asked C. to ask D. asks ( B )6. We went to the beach and had great fun ________ in the water. A.to play B.playing C.played D.play

第9课时┃活学活用

( C )7. We are ________ to say that the songs we heard last night were the most ________. A.inspired; inspired B.inspiring; inspired C.inspired; inspiring D.inspiring; inspiring ( D )8. Thanks for ________ our club. A.take part in B.taking part in C.join D.joining

第9课时┃活学活用

( C )9. He ________ the Party in 1978 in Nanjing. A.join B.take part in C.joined D.is ( A )10. The ________ news made all of us happy. A.inspiring B.inspired C.inspire D.to inspire

第9课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.孩子们最好不要过多地玩电脑游戏,因为这对他们的眼睛 有害。 had better not play computer games Children _______________________________________too much, because it's bad for their eyes. 2.你最好学会使用电脑以便能上网。 had better learn ho

w to use computer You ________________________________________so that you can surf the Internet.

第9课时┃活学活用

3.请等我一下好吗? waiting for me for a while Would you mind___________________________________?

4.我不介意他是谁。 I don't mind ________________. who he is 5.这个婴儿不停地哭,怎么了? kept crying The baby _______________. What happened?

第9课时┃活学活用

6.他一边听一边不停地做笔记。 kept making notes He ______________________ as he listened. 7.天黑了, 我们停止工作吧,明天再继续. It's getting dark now. Let's stop our work, go on doing and ____________________it tomorrow. 8.咱们继续讨论这个问题吧。

go on talking about Let's __________________________ the question.

第10课时

第10课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 live [点拨] vi. 活, 生存,居住; 住,继续存在, 留存,以??为生;靠??过活 [拓展] (1)live on/upon, 以??为主食;靠 吃??维持生存, (人物形象等)栩栩如生,生动传 神;留在人们的记忆中 (2)vt. & vi.以某种方式生活 She lives about ten miles from my house. 她的住处离我家约十英里远。

第10课时┃考点精选

As long as I live, the bridge lives. 人在, 桥就在。 He lives mainly on his monthly income. 他主要靠自己的月收入生活。 The writer made this historical character live in his book.作家在书中将这一历史人物描写得栩栩如生。 Eat to live but not live to eat. 人为了活着而吃饭, 而不是为了吃饭而活着。 [拓展] life生活(名);life生命(可数名词)

第10课时┃考点精选 2 love [点拨] vt. & vi.爱,热爱

vt.喜爱,喜好,喜欢 n.爱, 爱情
[拓展] love doing sth./to do sth.喜爱做某事

He can't love but hate.他只能恨不能爱。 My daughter loves folk songs very much. 我女儿很喜欢民歌。 I love you to dress well. 我喜欢你穿得整整齐齐。 He is always unlucky in love. 他在恋爱方面总是运气不佳。

第10课时┃考点精选

3

low [点拨] adj.低的, 矮的;低下的, 低等的;粗劣 的, 低俗的;意志消沉的, 情绪低落的 adv.低, 向下; 低微地, 低声地 n.低点, 低水平,(机器运转)低排档 He is a man of low birth. 他是个出身低微的人。

第10课时┃考点精选

Finding her in low spirits, they had persuaded her to join them for lunch.

他们发现她情绪低落, 便劝说她同他们一块儿吃午饭。 Output was at a record low. 产量为创纪录的最低水平。 You should put a car in low.你应该用最低档开车。

第10课时┃考点精选

4

match [点拨] n.比赛, 竞赛;对手, 敌手;婚姻,婚

姻对象;相似之物, 相配之物 vt.使较量, 使比赛 vt. & vi.(使)相配; (使)相称 We had a friendly match with them. 我们与他们进行了一场友谊比赛。

第10课时┃考点精



Bill is no match for his younger brother at chess. 比尔下棋不是他弟弟的对手。

The hat is a match for the coat. 这顶帽子与外衣很相配。 Both her daughters made good matches. 她两个女儿的婚姻都很美满。

第10课时┃考点精选

5

mistake [点拨] n.错误, 过失, 失策

vt. & vi.弄错; 误解, 误会 vt.认不出
Regardless of how often I correct him, he

always makes the same mistake. 尽管经常告诫他, 他总是犯同样的错误。

第10课时┃考点精选

You mistook when you thought I laughed at you. 你以为我嘲笑你, 那你误会了。 You can't mistake his car in the busiest street, because he has painted it red. 你在最繁忙的街上也不会错认他的车, 因为他把它漆成 了红色。 [拓展] make mistakes犯错误;by mistake错误地

第10课时┃考点精选

6

need [点拨] vt.需要; 必须 aux.v.必须 n.需要, 需求;责任;必要 These patients need looking after. 这些病人需要照料。 Need he go yesterday?昨天他有去的必要吗? There is no need of your anxiety. 你的焦虑是不必要的。

第10课时┃考点精选

[拓展] in need of需要,缺少 Deeds are better than words when people are in need of help.当有人需要救助的时候,行动胜于言语。 The doctor told me I was in need of a good rest. 医生对我说,我需要好好休息。 If you are in need of anything, don't hesitate to let me know.如果你需要什么,尽管对我说。

第10课时┃考点精选

7

help out 帮助某人解决困难 She's always willing to help out. 她总是乐于帮助人。 A sheep fell into a pit, and I helped it out. 一只羊掉进了坑里, 我把它弄了出来。 Don't count on other people to help you out of trouble.别指望他人能帮你摆脱困境。

第10课时┃考点精选

8

hold one's breath不出气, 屏住呼吸 [点拨] hold one‘s breath 中 one's 用形容词 性物主代词或名词所有格。 Hold your breath for a few seconds. 屏息几秒钟。 We held our breath in excitement. 我们激动地屏息凝神。

第10课时┃考点精选

9

hundreds of, millions of与thousands of Hundreds of people are now homeless. 数百人现在无家可归。 The farmer keeps hundreds of pigs on his farm. 那个农场主在他的农场里养了几百头猪。 She can tell hundreds of telephone numbers from memory. 她可以背出几百个电话号码。

第10课时┃考点精选

[拓展] hundred, thousand 和million 前有具体的数目 时,没有复数,其前有some,many等不确定的限定词时应用

hundreds, thousands 和 millions,并且后有介词of。 I have thousands of dollars. 我有几千美元。 There are over two thousand students in our school. 我们学校有两千多名学生。

第10课时┃考点精选

10

in danger 处在危险状态 [点拨] in danger“处在危险中的(本身没有危险)” She is in danger, for she doesn't know w

hat to do next. 由于不知道下一步该做什么,她处在危险之中。 We cannot find the kid. It's dark. She must be in danger now. 小孩找不到了,天黑了,她处境危险。 He little thought that his son was in danger. 他根本没想到他的儿子会有危险。

第10课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 kind of与 a little of [辨析] kind of 是日常用语,指“有点儿,有 几分”,可以修饰动词;a little of修饰名词, 表示数量、程度方面的“??中的一点儿”。 I kind of think he knows a little of everything. 我似乎感觉他对任何事都了解一点。

第10课时┃词语辨析

2

late与 lately [辨析] late作形容词指“晚的”,作副词指 “迟,晚”。如 I am late(adj.).=I come late(adv.). lately副词,指“最近,不久前”, 相当于 recently。 Why do you often come for school late lately? 最近你怎么老是上学迟到?

第10课时┃词语辨析

3

later与 later on [辨析] later和later on都表示“过后,后来”。在 表示将来时两者可以互换,但指过去的“后来”或表

示某段时间后,只能用later。 At first he kept silent, but a few minutes later he told me,“You'll see by yourself later (on).” 开始他沉默不语,几分钟后他告诉我:“一会你自己 看看就知道了。”

第10课时┃词语辨析

4

learn与 study [辨析] learn指带有模仿性的初学阶段,study指

深入地学习、研究。 He began to learn Chinese five years ago and now he is studying it hard. 他五年前开始学汉语,现在他努力研究汉语。

第10课时┃词语辨析

5

leave for与leave?for [辨析] leave for 指“出发去某地”;

leave?for指“离开某地去某地”。 Two years ago he left China for America and now he is leaving for Canada. 两年前他离开中国去了美国,现在他又要去加拿大了。

第10课时┃词语辨析 6 hurry up与 in a hurry

[辨析] (1)hurry up “赶快,快点” Hurry up, or we cannot get to the railway station on time. 快些, 否则我们不能按时赶到火车站了。 Hurry up, or we shall be late. 快点,要不就迟到了。 (2)in a hurry“匆忙,很快的”。hurry 在这里作名词。 I was in such a hurry that I left the key at home. 我太匆忙了,以至把钥匙落在家里了。 Mr. Smith went to his office in a hurry. 史密斯先生匆忙赶去办公室。

第10课时┃词语辨析

7

in a word与 in all [辨析] (1)in a word “简言之,总之” in a word意思是“一句话”,表示总结的意思,后面 跟一个句子,以强调要表达的意思。 In a word, Americans love to travel in their own land as well as in other parts of the world. 总而言之,美国人喜欢在国内旅游,也喜欢到世界其他 地区观光。 In a word, then, we should improve our service. 总之,我们应该改进我们的服务。

第10课时┃词语辨析

(2)in all

“总之” There were 20 of us in all.

我们共计20人。 He visited, in all, ten hospitals in China. 他在中国共参观了10家医院。

第10课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 help sb. (to)do. 帮助某人做某事 [点拨] help+(to) do (不定式可带to,也可不带to) help sb. + (to) do (不定式复合结构) The box is heavy. Jim helped (to) carry it to the room.那个箱子很沉,吉姆帮着把箱子搬进了房间。 There is something wrong with his bike. Will you help him repair the bike? 他的自行车坏了,你能帮他修一下自行车吗? Let me help you carry the big and heavy box. 让我帮你拎这个又大又沉的箱子吧。

第10课时┃句型聚焦

2

help with 帮助做某事 在某方面帮助某人, help sb. with 后面接名词或代词。 John asked me to help him with his lessons this

evening. 约翰要我今天晚上帮他复习功课。 I was helping Granny Ma with her housework. 那时,我正在帮马奶奶做家务。 Li Lin doesn't do well in math. I often help her with her math. 李琳数学不太好,我常常帮助她学数学。

第10课时┃句型聚焦

3

I don't think?我不认为?? [点拨] think如果接一个否定意义的宾语从句时,要 否定主句谓语动词think而不是否定从句的谓语动词。 We don't think animals should live in the zoo. They need freedom. 我们认为动物不应该住在动物园里,它们需要自由。 The book is not interesting enough. I don't think it is worth 20 dollars. 这本书不够有趣。我认为它不值20美金。

第10课时┃句型聚焦

I don't think it is necessary for us to worry too much about the influences which the earthquake in Japan has brought to us. 我认为我们没有必要过于担心日本地震给我们带来 的影响。 I don't think you need to worry about that. 我认为你没有必要为那件事担心。

第10课时┃句型聚焦

4

I would like to? 我想?? [点拨] would like 后接名词(复数名词, 单数 或不可数名词)或代词。 [拓展] would like +to do Although he is shy, he really would like to invite you.尽管他害羞,但是他真的想邀请你。 He would like to make friends with us. 他想和我们交朋友。

第10课时┃活学活用

活学活用
1.他不太擅长英语,一些学生正在帮助他。 He is not good at English. Some students

are helping him with it _________________________________. 2.运动有助于人们生活愉快。每个人都应养成运动的好习惯。 Sports __________________________________. can help people enjoy the life Everybody should start the habit of doing sports. 3.她讨厌吃蔬菜。 She ________________________. hates eating vegetables

第10课时┃活学活用

4.我的老师经常课后帮我学英语,尽管他很忙。 My teacher often helps me learn English ______________________________after class although

he is busy. 5.他认为这所房子不够大,他不想

买它。 ________________ He doesn't think the house is big enough. He won't buy it. 6.我认为学英文并不难。 it is difficult to learn English I don't think_____________________________________.

第10课时┃活学活用

7.寒假时,我想去放松一下。 For my winter vacation,

______________________________________. I would like to go somewhere to relax 8.一些同学想在2016年奥运会时成为志愿者。 Some students ______________________________ would like to be volunteers at the 2016 Olympics.

第11课时

第11课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 notice [点拨] n.预告, 通知,布告, 通告;启示;注意 vt. & vi.注意 They announced the birth of their baby by putting a notice in the newspaper. 他们在报纸上刊登启示, 宣告他们的孩子的诞生。 Nobody took notice of the mischief of the matter. 没有人注意到这件事情所带来的危害。 I didn't notice you when you passed by. 你从我身旁走过时, 我没有注意到你。

第11课时┃考点精选 2 offer [点拨] vt.主动提供; 主动提出; 出价 vt. & vi.表示愿意等 n.提议; 提供 She offered to help me (to) learn English. 她提出要帮我学英语。 They offered to go where there were difficulties. 他们表示愿意到艰苦的地方去。 If he makes you a good offer, don't refuse it. 如果他向你提出一个好建议, 你不要拒绝。

第11课时┃考点精选

3

or [点拨] conj.或, 或者; 还是;否则, 要不然;也不 Is the flower red or blue? 那朵花是红的还是蓝的? Turn the heat down or your cake will burn. 把热度调低吧, 要不然蛋糕就要糊了。 He cannot read or write. 他不会看书, 也不会写字。

第11课时┃考点精选

4

order [点拨] (1)n.次序,顺序;整齐,有条理;治安,秩 序;命令, 嘱咐;订购, 订货; 订单,点菜;所点的 饮食菜肴 His desk is always in order. 他的书桌上总是整整齐齐的。 The young teacher can't keep order in her classroom. 那位年轻教师无法维持课堂秩序。

第11课时┃考点精选

(2)vt.命令,嘱咐;订购, 定制;(医生)开(处方),开 (药);叮嘱(病人),(上帝、命运等)注定 You can order tickets by telephone. 你可以电话订票。 The doctor ordered you to stay in bed. 医生叮嘱你要卧床休息。 (3)vt. & vi.点(饭菜, 饮料等);下命令,指挥

第11课时┃考点精选

5

in order to do 为了?? [点拨] in order to do 可以转化为in order that从句。 In order to earn enough money, he works late into the night. 为了赚到足够的钱, 他工作到深夜。 He works hard in order that he may pass his exams. 他为了能通过考试而努力学习。

第11课时┃考点精选

6

in other words 换句话说 In other words, none of us can go to the movie. 换句话说,我们都不能去看电影。 In other words, you'll come instead. Right? 换句话说,

你将代替他来,对吗? In other words, we'd better change our plan. 换句话说,我们最好改变一下计划。

第11课时┃考点精选 7 in peace 安静,宁静 Please let me do my work in peace. 请让我安静地工作。 All the villagers live together in peace. 所有村民都和睦相处。 8 in public 当众;公开 You're not allowed to smoke in public places. 你不许在公共场合吸烟。 He is going to make a speech in public. 他将当众发表演说。

第11课时┃考点精选

9

in surprise 吃惊,惊讶

[点拨] in surprise侧重于主动,即主语处于吃惊的一种状态。 He looked up in surprise. 他惊奇地抬头一看。 He was in surprise by my hitting him just now. 我刚才打了他一下,使他非常吃惊。 [拓展] to one's surprise使某人惊奇的是 To our great surprise, he won the prize. 使我们感到十分惊奇的是他得了奖。

第11课时┃考点精选

10

instead of 代替; 而不是 [点拨] instead of后接代词或动词-ing作宾语。 Instead of spending our vacation in hotel, why not try hiking in the country? 为什么不去乡村远足,而是待在宾馆度假呢? I'll go instead of her. 我会代替她去的。 He comes from China instead of England. 他来自中国而不是来自英国。

第11课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 let's与 let us [辨析] let’s包括听话人在内的双方,let us不包括听 话人在内。因此两者的反意疑问句不同,let’s 的反意 疑问句为 shall we,let us 的反意疑问句为 will you。 Let's play football, shall we? Please let us play football, will you? We have finished our homework, and I think our mom will let us go out. Let's go and ask her, shall we? 我们已经完成作业了,我想妈妈会让我们出去了。我们去问 问她,好吗?

第11课时┃词语辨析

2 lift, raise与rise [辨析] lift 意为“举起”,指凭借自身的力气或机械举 起重量大且看得见的物体; raise除举起可以看得见的物 体外,还指抽象的东西,如地位、价格等的上升,是及物 动词; rise是不及物动词,可指物体升起或物价等上涨。 The sun rises. Students raise their hands to answer the teacher's question. Outside the classroom a man is lifting a heavy stone. 太阳升起来了,学生们举手回答老师的问题。教室外有一个 人正在举一块重石。

第11课时┃词语辨析

This box is too heavy for me to lift. 这个箱子太重了,我提不起来。 He raised his hand to answer the question. 他举起了手来回答这个问题。 The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。

第11课时┃词语辨析

3

long before与 before long [辨析] long before指“很久以前”;before long的字 面意思是“在一长段时间之前”,即时间不长,指“不 久”。 Before long after my arrival in Taipei, I met a friend whom I got to know long before. 到台北不久我就见到

了一位多年前认识的朋友。

第11课时┃词语辨析 4 look for, find, find out与 discover

[辨析] look指找的动作, find是look(找)的结果, find out指查明(真相),发现,了解;discover指发现 尚无人知晓的地方、事实或答案。 Lyn looked for the pen under her bed and didn't find it but she discovered a hole under the bed. 林恩在床底下找钢笔没找着,却发现了一个洞。 Have you found out why he was late? 你查明他迟到的原因了吗? Who first discovered America? 谁最早发现美洲大陆?

第11课时┃词语辨析 5 in the end与 at the end of [辨析] in the end “最后,终于”,强调结果。At

the end of “在??的尽头,在??的最后”,可以指 时间,也可以指位置。 In the end, everyone was happy. 结局是皆大欢喜。 I was saved in the end.最后,我获救了。 In the end, he gave up smoking. 最后,他放弃了吸烟。 At the end of the concert,the audience stood and clapped. 音乐会结束了,观众起立鼓掌。

第11课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 Would you like to?? 你愿意??吗? Would you like to dance with us?

你能和我们一起跳个舞吗? Would you like to have a rest? 你想休息一会儿吗? We are going to have a party tomorrow. Would you like to come? 明天我们要聚会,你愿意来吗?

第11课时┃句型聚焦

2

It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间 [点拨] take前面常用it作它的形式主语,真正的主 语是句末的动词不定式。当某些活动是由某人进行 时,将“某人”放在take之后。注意take的过去式 是took, 第三人称单数形式是takes。

第11课时┃句型聚焦

It takes him 2 hours every day to do his homework. 他每天花两个小时的时间来写作业。 It takes me half an hour to read English newspapers every day. 我每天花半个小时的时间来读英文报纸。 It takes me 30 minutes to walk to school every day. 我每天花半小时步行上学。

第11课时┃句型聚焦

3

It's bad for? 对??有坏处,不利于?? Smoking is bad for your health; you should give it up. 吸烟有害你的健康,你应该戒掉。 It's bad for your health / your body / you to stay up late so often. 经常熬夜对身体不好。

第11课时┃句型聚焦

4

It's good for? 对??有好处 When we feel stressed out, listening to some classical music is good for us to relax. 当我们感到紧张时,听一些古典音乐有利于我们放松。 It's good for your health to jog every day. 每天跑步对健康有好处。 It's good for you to take exercise. 进行锻炼对你有好处。

第11课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( A )1. Sandy feels unhappy because nobody seems to ________ her progress. A.notice B.look C.watch D.read ( C )2. Soft drinks ________ to children for free in some restaurants on Children's Day. A.o

ffer B.have offered C.are offered D.will be offered

第11课时┃活学活用

( B )3. To everyone's ________, he won the first prize. A.surprising B.surprise C.surprised D.surprisingly ( A )4. —I'm going to the supermarket. Let me get you some fruit. —OK. Thanks for your________. A.offer B.information C.message D.order

第11课时┃活学活用

( D )5. Reading in bed isn't ________ our eyes. A.good at B.weak in C.bad for D.good for ( B )6. —The little girl ________ her seat to an old man on the bus. —What a kind girl! A.brought B.offered C.gave D.lent

第11课时┃活学活用

( C )7. We discussed where to go for a whole

morning, but we decided to stay at home ________. A.at the end B.by the end C.in the end D.on end ( D )8. —Would you like ________ with us? —Sure, I like ________ very much. A.swimming; swim B.to swim; swim C.swimming; swimming D.to swim; swimming

第11课时┃活学活用

( C )9. Do you know who first ________ this land? A.find B.found C.discovered D.invented ( D )10. His grandparents don't work anymore because they would like ________ their life. A.enjoy B.enjoyed C.enjoying D.to enjoy

第11课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.你愿意来吃晚饭吗? Would you like to ________________________ come for supper? 2.你想和我们一起去野餐吗? to have a picnic with us Would you like_____________________________? 3.只要10分钟就可以走到那儿。 It takes 10 minutes ________________________to walk there.

第11课时┃活学活用

4.别卧床看书,那对你的眼睛有害处。 is bad for Don't read in bed. It ________________ your eyes.

5.我认为写英语日记对提高英语技能有好处。 it is good for improving our English I think ________________________ skills to keep writing English dairy. 6.你想要喝些什么? What would you like to drink ?

第12课时

第12课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 pass [点拨] vt. & vi.走过, 经过;通过,批准;度过; 花费 vt.递给; 传; n.越过, 通过;通行证, 许可证 A week passed quickly. 一星期很快就过去了。 Tom gave him a free pass on the railway. 汤姆给了他一张免费火车乘车券。

第12课时┃考点精选

2

place [点拨] n.地方, 场所, 所在地;建筑物;场所;座 位, 位置;等级, 地位, 身份; vt.放置, 安排 This is the place where the storm hit. 这就是暴风雨袭击的地方。 I was asked to put it back to its place. 我被要求把它放回原来的地方。 Place the book back where you found it when you have finished reading it. 看完后把书放回原处。

第12课时┃考点精选

3

plan [点拨] n.计划, 打算; 方案;平面图, 示意图; vt. & vi.计划, 打算; 设计 [拓展] make a plan to sth./to do;plan to do计划做某事 Your plan sounds fine in theory, but will

it work? 你的计划在理论上听起来不错, 但行得通吗? What do you plan to do during the holidays? 你打算在假期里做什么?

第12课时┃考点精选 4 keep off 勿踏,勿踩, 远离 The notice said “Keep off the grass”. 布告牌上写着“勿踏草地”。 5 keep one's word 守信 I kept my word to her. 我对她守信。 One must keep his word. 任何人都要信守诺言。 How do I know you'll keep your word? 我怎样才能知道你会守信呢? [拓展] 反义短语:break one's word

第12课时┃考点精选

6

laugh at 嘲笑 Don't laugh at the people in trouble. 不要嘲笑陷入麻烦的人。 Please don't laugh at him. 请不要嘲笑他。 They all laughed at her strange idea. 他们都嘲笑她的怪念头。 [拓展] 近义短语:make fun of

第12课时┃考点精选

7

lead to 导致;导向 All roads lead to Rome.条条大道通罗马。 Eating too much sugar can lead to all sorts of health problems. 糖吃得太多会引起各种各样的健康问题。 8 live on 以??为主食;靠??为生 They live on fish and rice. 他们以鱼和米饭为主食。 He lived on $80 a week. 他一星期靠80美元过活。

第12课时┃考点精选

9

look after 照顾 Here's my little cat. Please look after it while I'm away. 这是我的小猫,请在我离开的时候照顾它。 Kate didn't go to the movie last night because she had to look after her sick dog at home. 凯特昨晚没有去看电影是因为她不得不在家照顾她那生病 的小狗。

第12课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 look for与 look up [辨析] look for指在一定的空间位置、场所寻找具体的 实物;look up专指“(在词典、参考书中)查询”。 He is looking for his dictionary everywhere, because he wants to look up a new word in it. 他到处找他的词典,因为他想查找一个生词。

第12课时┃词语辨析

2

too much与 much too [辨析] too much的字面意义为“太多”,可指数量和程 度。much too为副词,表示程度上“太??” My child is spending too much time watching TV. That's much too bad. 我孩子看电视太多了,这很不好。

第12课时┃词语辨析

3

near与 nearly [辨析] near除作介词(在??附近)外,还可作副词,指时 间、空间上的“接近,差不多”。nearly为副词,指在程 度上“将近,几乎”。 When the dog came near, the little boy was nearly dead with fear. 狗走近时,小男孩吓得几乎昏死过去。

第12课时┃词语辨析

4

evening与 night [辨析] evening指从日落到睡觉前的这段时间,指“傍 晚,黄昏”,所以晚安为“Good evening”。night所指 时间段受其前面的介词的影响,at night指下午六点至 午夜;in the night指从天黑到天亮这一整段时间, “在夜里”,所以说“Have a good dream in the night.” Are you at home in the evening or at night? 你是傍晚在家还是晚上

在家?

第12课时┃词语辨析

5

noise, sound与 voice [辨析] noise,sound,voice都指声音,noise指“嘈杂 声;噪音”,voice一般指人的声音;sound泛指人听到的 任何声音。 I could hardly hear any sound except his voice because no one made a noise. 除了他的说话声,我几乎听不到任何声音,因为大家都很 安静,没有任何的嘈杂声。

第12课时┃词语辨析

6

knock at与 knock into sb. [辨析] (1)knock at “敲” He knocked at the door and entered. 他敲了敲门便进去了。 (2)knock into sb. “撞上” The boy knocked into her. 那个男孩撞到了她。 I knocked into an old friend of mine in the park. 我在公园里碰见了一位老朋友。

第12课时┃词语辨析

7

let in与 let out [辨析] let in指“让??进来, 放进”;let out指 “放掉,泄露”。 Open the window and let in some fresh air. 打开窗户,让新鲜的空气进来。 The prisoners were let out to work in the garden. 囚犯们被放出来,到花园里去劳动。 Don't let the cat out of the bag. 不要泄露机密。

第12课时┃词语辨析

8

look ahead与 look forward to [辨析] (1)look ahead “向前看,展望未来” Look ahead in the distance, and you can see the lights of the village. 你往远处看,便可以看见村庄里的灯光。 Look ahead. What can you see on the top of the hill? 向前看。你看见山顶上有什么东西吗?

第12课时┃词语辨析

(2)look forward to意为“盼望”,其中to为介词,后面可接 名词、代词或动名词。 I'm looking forward to hearing from you. 我期待收到你的来信。 They are looking forward to taking a trip to Korea during the vacation. 他们期盼着假期时去韩国旅游。

第12课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 Why not...? 为什么不??? [点拨] why not后接动词原形。 Your parents are busy working. Why not do it yourself? 你父母正忙于工作。为什么不自己做呢? The museum is quite near. Why not go there on foot? 博物馆很近,为什么不走着去呢? Why not write to her? 为什么不给她写信呢? —Let's eat out. 咱们到外边去吃吧。 —Why not? 好哇。

第12课时┃句型聚焦 2 Will/Would/ Could you please?? 请你??好吗? Will you please pass me that dictionary? I'd like to look up some new words in it. 请你递给我那本字典好吗?我想查几个生词。 Could you please close the window? It's too cold outside. 请你关上窗户好吗?外面太冷了。 Would/Could/Will you please go shopping with me when you are free? 有空儿你陪我去购物好吗?

第12课时┃活学活用

活学活用
1.你已经失败两次了,为什么不试试其他的办法呢? Why not try other ways? You have failed twice. ______________ 2.他家离学校很远,干嘛不给他买辆自行车? His home is far from his school.______________ Why not buy him a bike? 3.请你打开

窗户好吗? ________________________ Would you please open the window? 4.你愿意花一点儿时间帮助我学习英语吗? ____________________________________________________ Would you please spend a little time helping me with my English?

第13课时

第13课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 point [点拨] n.要点, 论点, 观点;尖端,尖儿;点,

小数点;(某一)时刻;(某一)地点;分数, 得分;目 的, 意图; vt.削尖;增强; vt. & vi.指; 指向 When we read out 4.23, we say “four point two three”. 我们把4.23读作四点二三。

第13课时┃考点精选

Point this pencil for me, please. 请把铅笔给我削尖。 He told a story to point his advice. 他讲了一个故事, 以增强他的忠告的力量。 It's rude to point your fingers at people. 用手指指人是很不礼貌的。 He pointed out that they were mistaken. 他指出他们错了。

第13课时┃考点精选

2

potato [点拨] n.马铃薯,土豆;小人物 My brother likes potatoes very much, but I don't care for them. 我弟弟很喜欢吃土豆, 但我不喜欢。 They are small potatoes. 他们是些微不足道的人。

第13课时┃考点精选 3 produce [点拨] vt. & vi.生产,产生,出产;制作,创作

vt.出示,提供;引起,导致;出版;上演 n.产品,农产品
That is an oil well that no longer produces.

那是一口不再出油的井。 This famous author has produced little in the last few years. 这位著名的作家近几年来作品甚少。 Hard work produces success. 成功源于努力工作。 The company markets its new produce. 该公司出售它的新产品。

第13课时┃考点精选

4

present [点拨] (1)adj. 出席的,到场的;现在的,目前的; 存在的,含有的;正在处理或讨论中的;〈语法学〉 现在发生(或存在)的;现在时(态)的 at present目前,现在,be present在场的,出席的 (2)n. 现在,目前;目前的情况(或场合);正在处理 (或考虑)的事;礼物, 赠品;〈语法学〉现在时态; 现在时态动词 (3)vt. 读音:[pri′zent],出现;出席;显示; 介绍。

第13课时┃考点精选

How many of the group are present today? 今天该组有多少人出席? He gave me a handsome present. 他给了我一份很好的礼物。 The question naturally presented itself in my mind. 我的脑海中自然而然地出现了这个问题。 We don't need it at present. 我们现在不需要。 I'll be present at your wedding ceremony. 我将出席你的婚礼。

第13课时┃考点精选

5

look down upon 看不起,轻视 Please don't look down upon others. 请不要看不起别人。

We all don't like him, because he always look down upon his classmates. 我们都不喜欢他,因为他总是轻视他的同学。 You shouldn't look down upon her if you want to make friends with her. 如果你想和她交朋友,就不应该看不起她



第13课时┃考点精选

6

look up 查找 [点拨] 代词一般要放在look和up中间,名词可放中 间也可放后面。 You'd better look up the new words when you don't know the meaning of the sentence. 当你不懂句子的意思时,最好查一下新单词。 You should look up the right pronunciation of this word in the dictionary. 你应该查字典,找出这个单词的正确读音。

第13课时┃考点精选

7

make a face 做鬼脸 It's rude to make a face to the strangers. 对陌生人做鬼脸是不礼貌的。 He's a naughty boy and he likes making a face to his friends. 他是个淘气的孩子,喜欢冲他的朋友做鬼脸。 [联想] make faces“扮鬼脸”

第13课时┃考点精选

8

make friends with 与??交朋友 I want to make friends with you. 我想和你交个朋友。 We all want to make friends with friendly people. 我们都想和友好的人交朋友。

第13课时┃考点精选

9

make up 和解;化妆 I tried to make up for my loss. 我力图补偿我的损失。 Let's make up. 让我们言归于好吧。 I don't like to see women making up in public. 我不喜欢看见女人在公共场合化妆打扮。

第13课时┃考点精选

10

make up of 由??组成,构成 Life is made up of little things.

人生是由琐碎的事物构成的。 The group was made up of doctors. 这个团体是由医生组成的。

第13课时┃考点精选

11

more or less 或多或少;大约 Tom will arrive in 15 minutes, more or less. 汤姆差不多会在15分钟后到达。 He is more or less drunk. 他有几分醉意。 They've more or less finished their work. 他们已差不多完成了工作。

第13课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 no one与 none [辨析] no one只否定人;none可否定人和物。 No one believes him because none of his words is true. 没有人相信他,因为他说的都是不真实的。

第13课时┃词语辨析

2

not a bit与 not a little [辨析] not a bit表示否定含义,指“一点儿也

不,丝毫不”;not a little表示肯定含义,和 very much, greatly意思相近。 John is not a little happy because he is not a bit tired after working a whole day. 约翰很高兴,因为工作了一天他一点儿也不累。

第13课时┃词语辨析

3

of oneself, for oneself, by oneself与 to oneself [辨析] of oneself “自然而然地”;for

oneself “亲自做某事”;by oneself “单独, 独自”;to oneself “暗自”。 When I woke up of myself, I spoke to myself, “I'll prepare breakfast by myself and for myself.” 我自然醒来对自己说:“我要亲自为自己做早饭”。

第13课时┃词语辨析

4

often与 usually [辨析] often,usually都表示“经常”,但usually 表示的行为一般具有规律性,只有特殊情况下才会出

现例外;而often表示的频率还要低些。 In the evening I often read books, but sometimes I go to bed early. I usually get up early

in the morning. 晚上我经常会读会儿书,有时睡觉早些。早晨通常 早起。

第13课时┃词语辨析

5

of use, for use与 in use [辨析] of use相当于useful,意为“有用的”;for use表示“目的,以备用”;in use则表示“正在使用 中”。 Those old books are of use. Let's store them for use. Maybe they will be in use soon. 这些旧书还有用,我们把它们储存起来备用吧,说不定 很快就会派上用场。

第13课时┃词语辨析

Don't throw anything that may be of use. 不要把任何有用的东西扔掉。 The software is designed for use in schools. 这个软件是为学校应用设计的。 This kind of paper is in wide use. 这种纸被广泛使用。

第13课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 It's important for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人是重要的 It is important for us to learn team spirit. 学习团队精神对我们来说很重要。 It's important for him to attend every day. 他每天都要出席,这很重要。 It's important to follow the manufacture's instructions. 遵照厂家的说明很重要。

第13课时┃句型聚焦

2

It's impossible/impolite/difficult for sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做??是不可能/不礼貌/困难的 It is impossible for us to answer the question. 我们不可能回答这个问题。 It is impolite to look at others for a long time. 长时间盯着别人看是无礼的。 Do you think it is difficult to get along with others? 你认为与人相处困难吗?

第13课时┃句型聚焦

3

It's time for? 是??的时间了 Stop doing your homework; it's almost time for dinner. 别写作业了,现在差不多是吃晚饭的时候了。 It's time for my homework. 该做作业了。

第13课时┃句型聚焦

4

It's time (for sb.) to do sth. 是某人做某事的时间了。 I think it's time for us to start our lesson now. 我想,现在是该我们上课的时间了。 It is ten now. It's time to wake him up. 十点钟了,该叫醒他了。 It's time to punish the boy who breaks the window. 是该惩罚这个打破窗户的小男孩了。

第13课时┃句型聚焦

5

It's two meters long. 两米长。 [点拨] 若数词和名词之间加了连字符号“-”,即“数 词-名词”结构,则该名词必须用单数形式,而且整个词 是形容词,作定语,后面必须接名词,不能单独使用。 而若没有加连字符号“-”,则二及二以上的数词后面的 名词必须用复数形式,而且该短语不能作定语修饰名词。

第13课时┃句型聚焦

It's a two-foot-long ruler. 这是一把两英尺长的尺子。 =The ruler is two feet long. 这把尺子两英尺长。 The bridge is about 300 meters/metres long. 这座桥大约300米长。

第13课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( A )1. —What are you doing, Cathy? —I'm ________ my cat. I can't find it. A. looking for B. looking at C. looking up D. looking after (

A )2. Here's my little cat. Please ________it while I'm away. A. look after B. look up C. look for D. look at

第13课时┃活学活用

( D )3. Grandma Liu can't ________ herself. We often go to help her. A. look like B. look at C. look for D. look after ( A )4. The river is very wide and it is about ________. A. 20 metres wide B. 15 metres long C. 30 metres high D. 50 metres tall

第13课时┃活学活用

( D )5. —They said sorry to me, but I wouldn't listen. —It is foolish of you ________ others for the mistakes. A. forgive B. not forgive C. to forgive D. not to forgive (C )6. —I'm sorry to have kept you________. —It doesn't matter. I've just come. A. wait B. waited C. waiting D. to wait

第13课时┃活学活用

( A )7. He likes making jokes and he often makes us ________. A. laugh B. cry C. sleep D. sing ( A )8. Please make good ________ of the books. They are very ________. A. use; useful B. using; useful C. useful; use D. useful; using

第13课时┃活学活用

( A )9. A football team is ________ eleven players while six players can ________ a volleyball team. A.made up of; make up B.made up; made up of C.make up; make up of D.make up of; make up ( B )10. My mother has a new radio. It's very enjoyable for her ________ Joy FM every night. A.listen to B.to listen to C.listened to D.listening to

第13课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.该开会了。

It's time for/ It's time to have
2.该起床了。 ________________ get up. It's time to 3.两天的假期。 a two-day holiday It's ____________________. is 2 days long =The holiday __________________.

a meeting.

第13课时┃活学活用 4.500米长的桥。 It's ____________________ a 500-metre-long bridge. =The bridge _____________________. is 500 metres long 5. 用筷子指着别人是不礼貌的。 _____________________ It's impolite to point at others with chopsticks. 6. 要赶上他并不难。 __________________________catch up with him. It's not difficult to 7.我认为对我们来说每天练习说英语很重要。 I think __________________________________________ it is very important for us to practise speaking English every day.

第13课时┃活学活用

8.据说那条蛇有三米长。 is 3 metres long It is said that the snake ____________________. 9.他们猜这面墙有十米高。 They guess that the wall is __________________. 10 metres high 10.长安街大约10千米长,60米宽。 Chang'an Street is about ten kilometres long and ______________________. sixty metres wide

第14课时

第14课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 put [点拨] vt.放; 置,使处于(某种状态);表达,叙 述,说明 The boy forgot where he put his textbook. 那男孩忘记把课本放在什么地方了。 It's a wonderful scheme, and he's just the man to put it into effect. 这是一个很好的计划, 而他正是实施这个计划的人选。 I'd like to put a question to the sp

eaker. 我想向演讲者提个问题。

第14课时┃考点精选

2

realize [点拨] vt.实现;了解, 认识到vt. & vi.变 卖; 赚得 He realized his dream when he passed the entrance examination. 入学考试通过了, 他的梦想实现了。 How much did you realize on the house? 这所房子出售后你们赚了多少钱?

第14课时┃考点精选

3

record [点拨] vt. & vi.记录; 录音; 拍摄

vt.显示; 自动记下 n.记录, 记载;最好的成绩, 水平; 纪录,经
历, 履历; 功过 His voice does not record well. 他的声音录下来不好听。

第14课时┃考点精选

He broke a record in running. 他打破了一项赛跑纪录。 His record is against him. 他的履历对他不利。 She keeps a record of our daily expenses. 她将我们的日常开销都记录下来。 He broke the record for the one-hundred meter dash. 他打破了百米赛跑纪录。

第14课时┃考点精选 4 relax [点拨] vt. & vi.(使)轻松,(使)松弛; 放宽

A good massage always relaxes me. 有效的按摩总能使我放松。 [拓展] 常用同根词为relaxing和relaxed。 I find cooking very relaxing. 我发现烹饪可以令人非常放松。 We come here once a year expecting a quiet, relaxing holiday . 我们每年来这里一次,期待度过一个安静而放松的假期。 His job seems to be relaxed. 他的工作看起来很轻松。

第14课时┃考点精选

5

result [点拨] n.结果; 效果; 后果; 成效;比分, 成绩 vi.发生, 产生; 导致, 结果是 Success depends on the results of this experiment. 成功与否取决于这次实验的效果。 When will you get your exam results? 你什么时候可以知道考试成绩? The accident resulted in ten deaths. 这次事故造成十人死亡。

第14课时┃考点精选 6 next to紧接着,相邻,次于

Who stood next to you? 谁站在你的旁边? He sat next to her. 他坐在她的旁边。 7 no longer 不再 [点拨] no longer 通常位于实义动词之前,助动词或连 系动词之后,位于句首时要倒装。表示时间上的不再,在 意义上等同于not any longer。 I'm sorry, but Mr. Brown no longer works here. 我很抱歉,布朗先生已经不在这里工作了。 He no longer bought books. 他不再买书了。

第14课时┃考点精选

[拓展] not any more 意为“不再”,表示时间上的 不再,还可表示程度上的不再或事物数量上的不再。 I won't be late for school any more. 我再也不会迟到了。 I do not feel sick any more. 我不再感到恶心了。 We couldn't stand it any more. 我们再也不能忍受了。

第14课时┃考点精选

8

not at all 一点也不,绝非 Lucy doesn't like playing basketball at all. 露西一点也不喜欢打篮球。 The film doesn't attract me at all. 这部影片一点也不吸引我。 —Thank you for your help. —Not at all. “感谢您的帮助。”“别客气。”

第1

4课时┃考点精选

9

one after another 一个接一个 The doctor see the patients one after another. 医生一个接一个地给病人看病。

Students came to his office one after another. 学生们一个接一个地来到他的办公室。 10 on duty 值日,值班 Let's hurry.I'm on duty today. 快点,今天我值日。 I usually go on duty at 8 am. 我通常上午8点上班。

第14课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 once与 ever [辨析] once和ever都表示“曾经”。但once 通 常用于一般过去时,而ever通常用于完成时及过 去时的疑问句。 —Have you ever been to Canada? —Yes, but only once. “你去过加拿大吗?” “是的,但就去过一次。”

第14课时┃词语辨析 2 only与 single

[辨析] only和single都可表示“单个的,唯一的”。但 两者用法有区别:only只和定冠词the或形容词性物主代 词连用;single只与可数名词单数连用,可以和a 连 用,也可以和否定词连用,但only不可。 Among them only Rolyn is single. 他们中只有罗琳还是单身。 She is the only person for the job. 她是这个工作最合适的人选。 There was not a single person in the house. 屋子里一个人都没有。

第14课时┃词语辨析 3 own与 personal [辨析] personal表示“私人的,个人的”,指含有个性

化特点而非群体性所共有,也指“本人所做的;亲身 的”;而own常与形容词性物主代词连用。 I heard her personal opinions with my own ears. 我亲耳听到了她的个人意见。 I saw the whole accident with my own eyes. 我亲眼看到这次事故的全过程。 He owns three cars. 他有三辆汽车。 It's all a matter of personal taste. 这纯粹是个人的兴趣问题。

第14课时┃词语辨析

4

pardon, sorry与 excuse me [辨析] excuse me 意为“抱歉”,常用于打扰别 人做事,要吸引别人注意力时,也可以用于请求 别人让路; sorry 意为“对不起”,常用于做错 事情感到愧对别人时;一时没听清别人说什么时 用pardon。

第14课时┃词语辨析

Girl: Excuse me! Where is Mr. Green? Boy: Pardon? Girl: Do you know where Mr. Green is? Boy: Sorry, I don't know. 女孩:抱歉,请问格林先生在哪儿? 男孩:你说什么? 女孩:你知道格林先生在哪儿吗? 男孩:对不起,我不知道。

第14课时┃词语辨析

5

next day与 the next day [辨析] 两者都含有“明天,第二天”之意。Next

day用于一般现在时,着眼点是说话时的第二天; the next day则用于过去时,着眼点是过去某个 时间的第二天。

第14课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 ? is two years old.??两岁大。 He's a five-year-old boy. 他是一个5岁大的男孩。 The boy is five years old. 这个男孩5岁了。 2 keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 His parents always keep him playing the piano. 他的父母总是让他坚持弹钢琴。 My m

other kept me doing my homework yesterday. 我妈妈昨天让我一直做作业。

第14课时┃句型聚焦

3

make sth./sb. +adj. 使某事或某人怎么样 The sunshine makes me happy. 阳光使我感到高兴。 The house needs to be painted, and it can make the house more beautiful. 这所房子需要粉刷,这可以使房子变得更漂亮。

第14课时┃句型聚焦

4

make sb. (not) do sth. 让某人做/不做某事 Make him not lend the book to my younger brother. He will break it. 让他不要把书借给我弟弟,他会把书弄坏的。 To learn English well, the teacher always makes us read aloud in the morning. 为了学好英语,老师总是让我们早晨大声朗读。 My mother makes me clean the room as soon as possible. 妈妈让我尽快把屋子整理干净。

第14课时┃句型聚焦

When he was young, the poor family made him not depend on his parents for food, housing and clothing. 他小的时候,贫困的家庭使他在吃、穿、住方面无法依靠他 父母。 It is impossible/difficult to make Jack keep going over his lessons for two hours every evening. 让杰克每天晚上复习两个小时功课很困难。

第14课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( B )1. There are plenty of books in our library. You can ________four at a time. A. own B. borrow C. lend D. carry ( C )2. I don't believe that this ________boy can paint such a nice picture. A. five years old B. five-years-old C. five-year-old D. five year old

第14课时┃活学活用 ( D )3. My father will have a ________holiday next month. He'll take me to Qingdao. A. ten days B. ten day's C. ten-day's D. ten days' ( C )4. If it had been fine yesterday, we could have watched that air show. But it ________all day. A. has rained B. had rained C. rained D. rains ( B )5. It ________hard outside. You have to stay at home. A. rain B. is raining C. rained D. was raining

第14课时┃活学活用

( B )6. The kids are very tired. Let them _______ a rest. A. to have B. have C. having D. has ( A )7. The noise made the baby ________up and she began to cry. A. wake B. waking C. to wake D. woke ( B )8. Listening to music can make him ________. A.relaxing B.relaxed C.to relax D.be relax

第14课时┃活学活用

( C )9. My mother makes me ________ milk every day. A. to drink B. drinking C. drink D. drank ( B )10. He has ________ the record for 4 years. A. keep B. kept C. keeping D. to keep

第14课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.对不起,让您等了两个小时。 I'm sorry to ____________________________ have kept you waiting for two hours. 2.别吃太多的垃圾食品,均衡的饮食能使你健康。 Don't eat too much junk food. Balanced diet can make you healthy __________________________. 3.我们应该每天保持教室的干净和整洁。 We should ___________________________________every day. keep our classroom clean and tidy 4.保安告诉我们保持此

门关闭。 The guard told us ___________________________. to keep the door closed 5.你们怎么使这条街这么美丽? How do you ________________________________? make the street so beautiful

第15课时

第15课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1

return [点拨] vi.返回, 回来; vt.还, 归还, 退回 n.回来, 回程, 回路;偿还, 归还 I'll return at 10 o'clock this evening. 我今晚十点回来。 Will you return my car key?请把汽车钥匙还给我, 好吗? I hope you will not have any return of your illness. 希望你的病不再复发。 These shares have brought in good returns. 这些股票带来了很好的收益。

第15课时┃考点精选

2

rich [点拨] adj.富裕的;贵重的,昂贵的; 豪华的;盛产 的, 丰富的, 多的,丰产的; 肥沃的;油腻的, 味 浓的; 富于营养的;深的,鲜艳的; 深沉的; 洪亮 的; 浓烈的 He came from a rich family. 他出身于富裕家庭。 The studio is filled with the rich smell of roses. 工作室里弥漫着玫瑰花浓郁的香气。

第15课时┃考点精选

[拓展] be rich in在某方面富有,富足 She is rich in the inner feelings.

她内心的感情丰富。 Oranges are rich in vitamin C. 橙子富含维生素C。

第15课时┃考点精选

3

right [点拨] adj.正当的, 适当的, 合法的, 符合要 求的;对的, 正确的, 准确的;右边的,右方的; 切合实际的, 最适宜的, 最恰当的,良好的; 正 常的,真实的,完全的 I'll try to do whatever is right. 只要是正当的事, 我都尽力去做。

第15课时┃考点精选

He gave the right answer. 他做出了正确的回答。 Take a right turn at the crossroads. 在十字路口右转弯。 She's the sort of woman who always says the right things. 她是一个说话总能恰到好处的女人。

第15课时┃考点精选 [拓展] (1)adv.准确地; 直接地,彻底地,完全地;向

右,往右;正确地; 令人满意地; 恰当地,立即, 马上 Go right home at once, and don't stop off anywhere on the way.直接回家去, 别在路上的什么地方停下来。 I'm right behind you there. 我完全支持你。 Turn right at the end of the street. 在这条街的尽头向右拐。 Nothing seems to be going right for me at the moment.我现在好像事事不顺心。 I'll go right after lunch. 午饭后我马上去。

第15课时┃考点精选

(2)n.正确; 正当; 公正,正义;权利;右边, 右面 You're old enough to know the difference between right and wrong. 你已经长大了, 能够分辨是非了。 (3)vt.使恢复到适当的(正确的, 直立的)位置;纠正, 改正 The mistake is being righted. 错误正在被纠正。

第15课时┃考点精选

4 ring [点拨] n.戒指, 指环,环状物, 圆圈;团伙, 帮派; 铃声;打电话;vt.把??圈起来; 环绕,包围;打电话 给??。

ring sb打电话给某人 He has a gold ring on his finger. 他手指上戴着一枚金戒指。 Please ring the doctor. 请打电话给医生。

第15课时┃考点精选

[拓展] vt. & vi.(使)鸣, 响 She remembered to ring them up. 她想起要给他们打电话的。 I was doing homework when the telephone rang. 我在做作业时电话响了。

第15课时┃考点精选 5 room [点拨] n.房间, 室;空间, 地方 [拓展] 作“房间”讲时为可数名词,作“空间”讲时 为不可数名词。

They blasted her into a dark room. 他们把她踢进了一间黑屋子里。 Buy the children's shoes big enough to allow room for growth. 孩子的鞋要买得大些, 脚还要长呢。 We need to make room for the new sofa. 我们要给新沙发腾出点地方来。

第15课时┃考点精选

6

round [点拨] (1)adj.圆形的, 球形的,滚圆的, 丰满 的;adv.绕圈子; 围绕地,在周围,在附近,到各 处;大约, 大概 (2)prep.(表示位置)在??四周, 围绕于??; 向 (在)??各处, 遍及; 在??附近 He is a short and round man. 他是个矮胖的男人。 Let me show you round. 让我领你到处转转。

第15课时┃考点精选

7

on show 展出,在上演(放映) The photographs are on show at the museum until October.

照片在博物馆展出到十月。 Some new types of cars are on show now. 一些新型汽车正在展览。 8 on/over the radio 通过收音机 I heard the news on the radio. 我从广播中听到了这则新闻。

第15课时┃考点精选

9

out of breath/work 上气不接下气/失业 She was out of breath from climbing the stairs. 爬楼梯使她上气不接下气。 He's been out of work for six months. 他已经失业六个月了。 She is out of work. 她失业了。

第15课时┃考点精选

10

pay attention to 注意 [点拨] pay attention to中的to 为介词,后接名 词或动名词。 You should pay attention to your spelling. 你要注意拼写。 You must pay attention to your teacher in class. 上课的时候必须专心听老师讲课。 Pay attention to the traffic signs. 注意交通标志。

第15课时┃考点精选

11

pay back 偿还(借款等) I lent him some money last week but he forgot to pay back. 上周我借了一些钱给他,但他忘了归还。 [拓展] pay for 付款 pay for sth. “付??的钱” pay for sb. “替某人付钱”

第15课时┃考点精选

I paid 50 yuan for the coat. 我买那件外套花了50元。

I have to pay for the book that I lost. 我不得不赔偿我丢失的那本书。 Don't worry. I will pay for you. 别担心,我会给你付钱的。

第15课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 passed与 past [辨析] passed是pass的过去式和过去分词,表示 “递给,传递”;而past可作副词和介词,作介 词时表时间,是“过??分”的意思,作副词时 与动词连用,表示“经过”。

第15课时┃词语

辨析

He passed me a book when he walked past. 他走过我旁边时递给我一本书。

What's your past job experience? 你以往有何工作经验? He passed in German, but failed in English. 他德语考试及格了,但英语没及格。

第15课时┃词语辨析

2

pay, cost, take与 spend [辨析] pay 表示某人花钱买某物,常用于 sb.pays(money) for sth.句型;cost以物作主语,常 用于sth. costs sb. money句型; take则表示花时间 做某事,常用于it takes sb. some time to do sth. 句型;而 spend既可以表示花时间做某事(spend some time/money on/in doing sth.),也可以表示花钱买东 西,此时人作主语。

第15课时┃词语辨析

The book cost me five yuan. =I paid five yuan for the book. =I spent five yuan on the book. 这本书花了我五块钱/我买这本书花了五块钱。 They spend lots of time doing what they find fun. 他们把大量的时间花在他们认为有趣的事情上。 It took me three hours to get there. 我花了三个小时才到那儿。

第15课时┃词语辨析

3

person与 people [辨析] person重在表示“个人”,泛指“任何

人”;而people是个集合名词,指“人们”,当 people加s时,表示“民族”。 People here never laugh at a person's hobby. 这儿的人从不嘲笑别人的爱好。

第15课时┃词语辨析

4

photo与 picture [辨析] photo指“照片”;而picture的意义更广, 除指“照片”外,还指“图片,图画”等。 I want to take a photo here; it must be a beautiful picture. 我想在这儿拍张照,肯定美极了。

第15课时┃词语辨析

5

pleased与 pleasant [辨析] pleased的主语一般是人,而pleasant修 饰物,表示某物令人愉快。 I am very pleased with the pleasant scenery. 优美的风景使我心情愉悦。 I said that I should be pleased to help. 我说过我乐意帮忙。 The climate here is pleasant. 这里的气候很宜人。

第15课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 like doing/to do sth.喜欢做某事 [点拨] like doing和like to do都表示“喜欢做某事”, 但like doing 所表示的动作在意义上比较一般和抽象, 时间观念不强,不指某一次动作; like to do 则常指 某个具体的动作。如: She likes swimming, and she likes to swim this afternoon.她喜欢游泳并且她今天下午想去游泳。 (前者指经常性的爱好,后者指某一次的动作)

第15课时┃句型聚焦

2

keep/make sth. +adj. 让某物保持某种状态

Will you please keep the door open? 请你让门敞开着好吗? Doing exercises keeps healthy/can keep healthy. 每天做运动可保持身体健康。 It's important for us to keep calm in danger. 危险时我们保持镇静很重要。 I have a lot of rules at home.For example, my mother keeps me at home every night. 我家有很多的家规。比如,晚上我母亲都让我待在家里。

第15课时┃句型聚焦

3

let sb. (not) d

o sth. 让某人(不)做某事 In China, children should be self-supporting, while parents had better let children decide something by themselves. 在中国,孩子们应该经济独立,然而家长最好让孩 子自己决定某些事情。 Spring is coming. Let's go to plant trees! 春天来了,咱们去植树吧!

第15课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空(找出与画线词语意思相近的选项) ( B )1. It is impossible to please everyone. We can only do our best. A. hear?of B. make?happy C. know?well D. look?down ( A )2. The assistant won't let you ________the cinema if you haven't a ticket. A. enter B. to enter C. entering D. not enter

第15课时┃活学活用 ( B )3. It's time for supper now. Let's ________ it. A. stop having B. stop to have C. to stop to have D. stopping to have ( A )4. —Have you seen the funny movie Let the

Bullet(子弹)Fly?
—Yes, it made me ________many times. A. laugh B. cry C. sleep D. sing

( C )5. The teacher told the children to keep the classroom ________. A.to clean B.cleans C.clean D.cleaned

第15课时┃活学活用

( A )6. They have ________. A.enough food to eat B.food enough eat C.enough food eating D.food enough eating ( B )7. It is very hot today. Please keep the window ________. A.opening C.opens B.open D.to open

第15课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子

1.这对双胞胎喜欢唱歌,但这次他们愿意给我们跳支舞。 like to dance The twins like singing but they______________ _______________________, this time. 2.我喜欢放学后与我的朋友闲逛,但是我的父母不愿意看 到我那样。 I ________________ like idling with my friends after school, but my parents don't like to see that. 3.父母不让我们玩电脑游戏。 don't let us play computer games Our parents______________________________________.

第15课时┃活学活用

4.快期末考试了,恐怕我妈妈不会让我去看电影。 The final exam is coming. I am afraid that my mother won't _____________ let me see the film. 5. 晚饭后,他喜欢散步。 He likes walking ___________________after supper. 6.这个老板让工人们一天工作10个小时。 The boss __________________________for makes the workers work ten hours a day.

第15课时┃活学活用

7. 别帮他,让他自己做。 Don't help him. ____________________ Let him do it by himself.

8. 我们问问她吧,也许她根本不喜欢唱歌。 Let's ask her. Maybe she doesn't like singing at all

.

第16课时

第16课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 safe [点拨] adj.安全的; 不会有危险的; 不受威胁的; 受 保护的, 没有受到损害的; 平安的, 不会导致损害(损 伤, 损失)的;不冒险的, 小心的 n.保险箱, 保险柜 The building was locked, and all of us within felt safe.大楼被锁上了, 我们在里面感到安全。 We all wished him a safe journey. 我们都祝他

一路平安。

第16课时┃考点精选 The car crashed but he was safe. 汽车撞毁了, 但他却安然无恙。

It is safe to cross the river in this boat. 坐这艘船过河很安全。 A worker put metal bands around the safe. 一名工人用金属箍箍住那个保险箱。 Water from this well is safe to drink. 这口井里的水可安全饮用。 The plane landed safely at the airport. 飞机安全地在机场降落。 We're concerned about your safety. 我们很关心你的安危。

第16课时┃考点精选

2

save [点拨] vt.拯救, 挽救,救助;收集,收藏;保 留,保存;避免,免得(出现困难或不愉快的事); 救球(阻碍对方得分);保存,存盘;储蓄, 贮存节省 He saved her life ever. 他曾经救过她的命。 I am going to take the bus to save money. 为了省钱, 我打算乘公共汽车去。

第16课时┃考点精选

3

seat

[点拨] n.坐席, 席位,座位;所在地, 场所; 中 心;职位 vt.使就座;使就职;可容纳若干座位 She won a seat in parliament at the election. 她在选举中赢得了议会中的席位。 She seated herself on the table.她坐在桌子上。 The Queen of that country was seated last year. 那个国家的女王是去年登基的。 The theatre seats 2,000 persons. 剧院能容纳两千人。

第16课时┃考点精选

4

secret [点拨] n.秘密, 机密; adj.秘密的, 机密的 I found that secret document. 我发现了那份机密文件。 The plan is secret. 这计划是秘密的。

第16课时┃考点精选

5

set [点拨] vt.放, 搁置 vi.(日、月等)落, 下沉

n. (一)套, (一)副
He set a cup on the table. 他把一个杯子放在桌上。

It will be cooler when the sun has set. 太阳落山之后会凉快一点。 This set of the furniture is very good. 这套家具非常好。

第16课时┃考点精选 6 pick out 选出; 辨别出 My father helped me pick out a new book. 我父亲帮我选了一本新书。 It's easy to pick him out in a crowd because

he is very tall. 很容易从人群中辨认出他,因为他个子很高。 7 pick up拾起,捡起;接收;开车去接?? He bent down to pick up the coin. 他弯下腰去捡硬币。 The next morning, my mom came to pick me up. 第二天早上,我妈妈来接我。

第16课时┃考点精选

8

put up 挂起,举起, 贴(广告等) Please put up your hand first before you ask your teacher some questions in class.

你在课堂上问老师问题前,请先举手。 [拓展] put on“穿上”;put off“脱下” 9 regard?as? 把??看作?? After he had been in prison, Peter was regarded as the black sheep of the family. 彼得坐牢之后,被看作是家中的不肖子孙。

第16课时┃考点精选

10

rather than 而不,非 I prefer to walk there rather than take a bus.

与其坐公共汽车去,还不如走着去。 She is a career woman rather than a housewife. 她是职业女

性而不是家庭主妇。

第16课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 put on, wear与 dress [辨析] put on重在表示穿衣的动作;wear重在表示穿 好衣服后的状态;而dress的宾语为人,且可以和反 身代词连用。

第16课时┃词语辨析

Lily said the clothes I wear was ugly, so I took it off and put on another, then she told me that I was dressed prettily. 莉莉说我穿的衣服很丑,所以我把它脱下来换了另外 一件,然后她说我穿得很得体。 Does your brother wear glasses? 你弟弟戴眼镜吗? She is dressed in black today. 今天她穿了一身黑(衣服)。

第16课时┃词语辨析

2

question与 problem [辨析] question是指通过口头回答就可以解决的“问 题”,而problem是指必须通过行动才能解决的“问题, 麻烦”。 Your question is not a big problem for her. 你的问题对她来说不难。

第16课时┃词语辨析

3

receive与 accept [辨析] receive重在表示接受的动作、过程,而本人不 一定内心愿意接受;而accept则表示本人愿意接受。 She received a book from him as a gift, but she didn't accept it. 他送她一本书做礼物,但她没有接受。 I've just received a letter. 我刚收到一封信。 He has accepted our invitation. 他已经接受了我们的邀请。

第16课时┃词语辨析

4

point out与 point to [辨析] (1)point out “指出” No matter who points out our shortcoming, we will correct them. 不管谁指出我们的缺点,我们都改正。 Did he point out where you were wrong? 他指出你什么地方错了吗? (2)point to “指向” The finger of the clock points to twelve. 钟的指针指向十二点。

第16课时┃词语辨析

5

put away与 put down [辨析] put away “储存,将??收起”;put down “记下,放下” Put your toys away in the cupboard, when you've finished playing. 你不玩了以后把玩具放进柜子里去。 Put the meeting date down in your diary. 把会议日期记在你的记事本里。 Put the computer down here. 把电脑放在这儿吧。

第16课时┃词语辨析

6

put off与 put out

[辨析] put off “推迟”;put out “扑灭,关、熄” The meeting is put off.会议推迟了。 Don't put off what can be done today till tomorrow. 今天可做的事情不要拖到明天再干。 The fire was put out soon. 火很快就被熄灭了。 Far water does not put out near fire. 远水救不了近火。

第16课时┃词语辨析

7

put on与 take off [辨析] put on 意为“穿,戴上;上演”,是动词,后接 衣帽等。put on意为“上演”时,其后一般加名词。Take off 意为“脱下;起飞”。 Put on your clothes. Don't take them off. 把衣服穿上,别把它们脱下来。 The show will put on on Friday.表演将在周五上演。 She took off the old dress and put on a new one. 她脱下旧连衣裙,穿上一件新的。 When will the plane take off? 飞机何

时起飞?

第16课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 neither?nor? 既不??也不?? [点拨] neither?nor?连接主语时,谓语动词采用 就近一致原则。 Neither she nor I know the news. 我和她都不知道这个消息。 A good teacher must be neither too strict nor too weak. 好的教师应该既不太严厉又不太软弱。

第16课时┃句型聚焦

2

not...at all =not?in the slightest 一点也不 Noisy situations can not disturb him at all. 嘈杂的环境一点也不能打扰他。 After being trained for a long time, she won't be shy at all. 经过长时间的训练后, 她已经不再害羞了。

第16课时┃句型聚焦 3 not only?but also? 不但??而且?? [点拨] not only?but also?连接主语时,谓语动词采 用就近一致原则。 Not only you but also she has to join the ceremony. 不只是你,她也必须参加典礼。 She is not only doing well in sports but also good at dancing. 她不仅擅长体育,跳舞也不错。 Tom is the top student in our class. He is not only strict with himself in his study, but also ready to help others. 汤姆是我们班最好的学生。他不但学习上严格要求自己, 而且乐于帮助别人。

第16课时┃句型聚焦

4

not?until 直到??才?? I never realized the importance of time until I received the watch from my father. 直到我收到爸爸送给我的手表,我才意识到时间的重 要性。 He didn't give up working until he was seriously ill. 直到病得严重了,他才放弃工作。

第16课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( D )1. The Internet is really ________to us. We can easily find the information we need. A. safe B. hard C. boring D. useful ( D )2. —Mom, can I leave my homework for tomorrow? —I'm afraid not. Don't ________ what you can do today till tomorrow. A. put on B. put down C. put up D. put off

第16课时┃活学活用 ( A )3. ________of the two cars is made in Shanghai. They are made in Changchun. A. Neither B. Either C. All D. Both ( D )4. —It's 9 o'clock now. I must go. —It's raining outside. Don't leave ______it stops. A. when B. since C. while D. until ( C )5. I'll go to borrow the books ________the library opens. A. before B. since C. as soon as D. until

第16课时┃活学活用 ( C )6. The sports meeting is ________ because of the rain. A. put up B. put on C. put off D. put out ( A )7. My good friend, Mary, often points________ my shortcomings. A. out B. to C. at D. in ( A )8. Linda has just ________a letter from her parents. A. received B. accepted C. receive D. accept

第16课时┃活学活用

( C )9. Lucy has got two brothers. ________ of them are teachers. A.All B.None C.Both D.Either ( C )10. He is old enough to ________ himself. A. wear B. put on C. dress D. take off

第16课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.他是如此的小以至于既不会读也不会写。 He is so young th

at he can neither read nor write ________________________________. 2.那个护士不但热心而且亲切。 The nurse _________________________________________. is not only warm-hearted but also kind

第16课时┃活学活用

3.直到你看过医生后你才能吃东西。 You _____________________________ can not eat anything until you see the doctor. 4. 我妈妈不但喜欢看电视,而且喜欢看电影。 not only watching TV , My mother likes ______________________ but also seeing films.

第16课时┃活学活用

5.明天是星期天,我十点钟再起床。 Tomorrow is Sunday. I _________________________ will not get up until 10 o'clock. 6.这书不是吉姆的,也不是迈克的,是汤姆的。 neither Jim's nor Mike's This book is ______________________________. It's Tom's. 7.他擅长打篮球,但他一点都不喜欢踢足球。 He is very good at playing basketball, but he doesn't like playing football at all _______________________________________________.

第17课时

第17课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 short [点拨] adj.短的,简短的;矮的,低的;短期的, 即将 兑现的;短缺的,未达标的;简称的,简略形式的;不 够,缺乏, 缺少;唐突的,无礼的,急躁的 adv.突然; 唐突地 n.短路;短裤 Jack is shorter than Tom by a head. 杰克比汤姆矮一头。 She was here only a short hour ago. 不到一小时前她还在这儿。

第17课时┃考点精选 NATO is short for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO是“北大西洋公约组织”的缩写。 The team was five players short. 球队还缺五名球员。 I'm sorry. I was short with you. 对不起, 我对你有所失敬。 I will be needing a new pair of shorts soon. 我很快会需要一条新短裤。 [拓展] be short of缺少,缺乏 He is now short of money. 他目前缺钱。

第17课时┃考点精选

2

since [点拨] prep.(表示时间)从??以来; 自从??之后 adv.从过去某时间以来(以后, 到现在) conj.自从(过去某事)以来(以后, 到现在), 因为; 既 然; 由于

第17课时┃考点精选

He's been working in a bank since leaving school. 自从毕业后, 他就一直在一家银行工作。 I've long since forgotten what our quarrel was about.我早就忘记我们为什么吵架了。 It is ten years since she left me. 自从她离开我已经十年了。 Since you are so sure of it, he'll believe you. 既然你对此这么有把握, 他会相信你的。

第17课时┃考点精选

3 stand [点拨] n.立脚点; 站立;主张, 立场,态度;中止, 停顿;抵抗, 抵御 vi.坐落, 位于;维持原状,保持效力;停着 vt.竖放;忍耐,忍受; 经得起, 受得起 vt. & vi.站立, (使)直立, 站着 vi. & link v.处于某种状态 link v.高度为?? He made a sudden stand. 他突然站住了。

第17课时┃考点精选 His stand towards the matter has n

ot changed. 他对这个问题的立场没有改变。 The house stands on a hill. 房屋坐落于小山上。 We stood waiting by the roadside. 我们站在路旁等着。 I cannot stand that man; he talks too much. 我忍受不了那个人了; 他话太多。 [拓展] stand for“代替,代表,象征” What do the letters VIP stand for? 字母VIP代表什么?

第17课时┃考点精选 4 stay [点拨] vt. & vi.停留; 停止 vi.& link v.继续处于某种状态 I'm in a hurry. I've no time to stay. 我赶时间, 没有时间停留了。 She stayed to take care of her mother. 她留下来照顾她母亲。 She stayed up reading until midnight. 她看书看到半夜才睡。 They understand how to stay healthy. 他们懂得如何保持健康。

第17课时┃考点精选

5

refer to 提到,涉及,有关 Don't refer to this matter again, please. 请不要再提这件事了。 The rule refers only to special cases. 这条规则只涉及一些特殊的情况。 6 see?off 为某人送行 He saw his friend off at the bus station. 他在车站给朋友送行。 I'll see you off at the airport. 我将去机场送你。

第17课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 say, speak, talk与 tell [辨析] say是及物动词,后面可接直接引语和间接引 语,用来表示说话内容;speak表示“发言”或讲某种语 言;talk表示“谈话,讨论”;tell表示“告诉”。 My foreign teacher said that I spoke English very well, and he told me he wanted to talk with me about it.外教说我的英语讲得很好,并告诉我 他想和我谈谈我的英语。 Most people say they are happy. 大多数人声称自己幸福。

第17课时┃词语辨析 He wanted to speak to me. 他想和我说话。 I want to talk to your manager about an urgent matter. 我想和你们经理谈一件紧急的事。 They often talk about you. 他们常常谈起你。 I told her my telephone number before we parted. 我们分手前,我把电话号码告诉了她。 I told her to wait. 我叫她等一等。

第17课时┃词语辨析

2

look for与 search [辨析] look for 是一般意义上的“寻找”,宾语为 要寻找的人或物,而search则是“仔细搜寻”,宾语 为要寻找的东西。 We are looking for the man who dared to search your clothes. 我们正在找那个胆敢搜你衣服的人。

第17课时┃词语辨析

3

shout与 cry [辨析] shout是“高呼,喊叫”的意思;而cry是由于 疼痛或惊恐而“尖叫,哭叫”。 The father shouted at the boy and made him cry. 爸爸吼了男孩,把他弄哭了。

第17课时┃词语辨析

4

shout at与 shout to [辨析] shout to是对某人喊叫,以便对方听到;而 shout at是对某人不礼貌地吼叫。 “Don't shout at my son!”the boy's father shouted to me. “别朝我的孩子大呼小叫!”孩子的爸爸大声对我说。

第17课时┃词语辨析 5 sell out与 set out [辨析] (1)sell out 意为“卖

完, 出卖”。 The shop sold out all their shirts. 这家商店的衬衫都卖光了。 I'm sorry. We've sold out of bread. 抱歉,我们的面包卖完了。 (2)set out 意为“出发; 开始”,侧重于开始做某事。 He set out to paint the whole house but finished only the front part. 他开始着手粉刷整幢房子,可是只完成了前面的部分。 When will you set out? 你们什么时候出发?

第17课时┃词语辨析

6

right away与 right now [辨析] right away和right now都表示“立即,马上”。 Did you get dressed right away? 你马上就穿衣服了吗? I will set off right away. 我将立刻出发。 Please stop right now. 请立即停下来。

第17课时┃词语辨析

7

ring back与 ring up [辨析] (1)ring back 意为“回电话”。 Sorry, she's just gone out. Will you like to ring back later? 对不起,她刚出去,过会儿再给你回电话好吗? Please ring me back in half an hour. 请半小时内给我回电话。

第17课时┃词语辨析

(2)ring up 意为“打电话给??”。如果是代词作宾语, 代词要放在ring 与up之间。 He rang up the police station. 他给警察局打了电话。 Please ring him up. 请给他打电话。 Mary rings up his father in Sydney, Australia. 玛丽给在澳大利亚悉尼的父亲打电话。

第17课时┃词语辨析 8 send for与 send out [辨析] send for 意为“派人去叫(请)”; send out 意为“发出,派遣” He was so ill that we had to send for a doctor. 他病得很重,我们不得不给他请医生了。 You'd better send for a teacher. 你最好派人去请老师。 We sent out the invitations two months before the wedding. 我们在举行婚礼前两个月就把请柬发出去了。

第17课时┃词语辨析

9

run away 与 run out of [辨析] (1)run away“逃跑” He broke the window and ran away. 他打破窗户逃跑了。 He ran away from home at the age of 13. 他13岁时离家出走了。 Don't let your temper run away with you. 不要乱发脾气。

第17课时┃词语辨析

(2)run out of “用完”,用主动表被动,主语一般是人。 He has run out of the red ink. 他的红墨水用完了。 We have run out of the sugar. 我们的糖用完了。 I ran out of breath. 我跑得喘不过气来。

第17课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 one?the other? (两个中的)一个??另一个?? He has two balloons. One is red, and the other is blue. 他有两个气球,一个是红的,另一个是蓝的。 I have two ways of keeping healthy. One is doing more exercise, and the other is keeping a good diet. 我有两个保持身体健康的方法。一个是多做锻炼,另 一个是保持良好的饮食。

第17课时┃句型聚焦

2

some?others? 一些??其他的?? Some people went swimming, while others sat on the beach for sunbathing. 一些人去游泳了,其他的坐在沙滩上享受日光浴。

第17课时┃句型聚焦

3

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做过某事 [点拨] 在这类句型中,动词不定式表示整个活动或整 个事件从头到尾的全过程。 I saw him go upstairs after finishing homework. 我看见他完成作业后上楼了。 (看见他上楼整个过程。说明他上楼这件事。) We have never seen you speak in front of the public. 我们从未看到过你在公众面前发言。

第17课时┃句型聚焦

4

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事(分词表示 正在进行的动作) I saw him going upstairs when I got home. 当我到家的时候,我看见他正在上楼。 (我看见他正在向楼上走去。说明他上楼的情景。) When I passed by, I saw him cleaning the floor. 当我路过的时候,我看见他正在打扫地板。

第17课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( B )1. I saw Li Ming ________near the river on my way home. A. plays B. playing C. to play D. played ( C )2. He wants ________ a doctor when he grows up. A. be B. become C. to become D. being ( A )3. He wanted ________at the meeting, but he ________ nothing at last. A. to speak; said B. to say; spoke C. to talk; said D. to speak; told

第17课时┃活学活用 ( D )4. She has two ways to learn English, one is reading English magazines, ________ is watching English movies. A. another B. other C. others D. the other ( D )5. My parents ________ both teachers. They teach in the same school. A.be B.am C.is D.are ( B )6. He was very tired because he ________ playing games last night. A. stay up B. stayed up C. to stay up D. staying up

第17课时┃活学活用

( C )7. They often ________ the things and the people they remember. A. talk with B. talk to C. talk about D. talk for ( D )8. Can you ________ this word in English? A. speak B. talk C. tell D. say

第17课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.他有两个儿子,一个瘦,另一个胖。 is thin, and the other is fat He has two sons. One __________________________________. 2.我们中一些人学习俄语,另一些人学习英语。 _____________ study Some of us study Russian,______________ and others English. 3.那两个男人看见他离开了旅馆。 saw him leave the hotel The two men ___________________________.

第17课时┃活学活用

4.当家人一起看电视的时候,她妈妈看见她进了房间。 ____________________________________ Her mother saw her enter her room while the family were watching TV together. 5.你能听见他在读英语吗? Can you ______________________________? hear him reading English 6. 我们有不同的爱好。一些人喜欢唱歌,另一些人喜欢画画。 We have different hobbies. Some like singing, ___________________________________. and others like drawing pictures

第17课时┃活学活用

7.我到教室时听见同学们正在唱歌。 ______________________________when I got I heard my classmates singing to classroom. 8. 昨天当我们班长走

进办公室时,他看见老师们在开会。 When our monitor went into the office yesterday, saw the teachers having a meeting he _____________________________________.

第18课时

第18课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 stop [点拨] vt. & vi.停止,中断;逗留, 停留, 暂住

vt.塞住; 堵塞 n.停止; 逗留;停车站, 候车站, 车站;句号
He told the driver to stop the jeep.

他要司机把车停下来。 Are you stopping to drink tea? 你要逗留一会儿喝点茶吗?

第18课时┃考点精选

He stopped his ears. 他堵住了耳朵。 It has stopped raining. 雨停了。 The heavy snow stopped him from coming to our party. 那场大雪使他未能前来参加我们的宴会。 Stop for a while to take a rest. 停一会儿休息休息。

第18课时┃考点精选

2

tidy [点拨] adj.整洁的, 整齐的

vt. & vi.使整洁;使整齐;使有条理;整理
His bedroom was not very tidy.他的卧室不太整齐。 Mom often asks me to tidy up my bedroom.

妈妈经常让我整理房间。

第18课时┃考点精选

3

separate?from?分开,指把某物分离 The river separates this village from that one.

这条河把这个村庄和那个村庄分开了。 Please separate the white shirt from the colored ones. 请把白衬衫与其他颜色的衬衫分开。

第18课时┃考点精选 4 send out 发出,派遣 Do you still send out traditional cards to your

friends?你还是用传统方式寄卡片给朋友吗? 5 show off 炫耀 He is always showing off.他老爱炫耀自己。 Mothers like to show their babies off. 母亲们喜欢炫耀自己的孩子。 He likes to show off how well he speaks French. 他喜欢向人炫耀他法语说得多好。 [拓展] show up出现 He didn't show up until 10 pm. 他直到晚上十点才出现。

第18课时┃考点精选 6 side by side 肩并肩,一起 They walked side by side along the road. 他们肩并肩地沿着马路走。 We must stand side by side in the days of trouble.

在困难的日子里我们一定要肩并肩地站在一起。 7 sooner or later 迟早,早晚 You should tell her, because she'll find out sooner or later. 你应该告诉她, 因为她迟早会发觉的。 You will leave your parents sooner or later. 你迟早会离开父母的。

第18课时┃考点精选 8 speed up 加快速度

[点拨] 此词组可用作及物动词或者不及物动词。 The train speeded up soon. 不久火车就加快了速度。 We should speed up the building of our library. 我们应该加快图书馆的建设。 9 stand for 代表,象征 The American flag stands for freedom and justice. 美国国旗代表自由及公平。 What do the letters “UN” stand for? 字母UN代表什么?

第18课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 sick与 ill [辨析] sick和ill都表示“生病的”,都可以作表

语;sick还可以作定语,而ill不可以。 The sick man is badly ill. 这个病人病得很重。 The

sick tree is several hundred years old. 这棵病树已生长了好几百年了。 Mary's son is ill today. 玛丽的儿子今天病了。

第18课时┃词语辨析

2

quiet与 silent

[辨析] quiet表示环境的“安静”;而silent表示 “沉默的,不说话的”。 “Quiet”, I shouted to the boys. And since then,they have remained silent. “安静!”我对孩子们大吼。从那后,他们就不 说话了。 He was silent for a moment.他沉默了一会儿。 He was a quiet man. 他是个性格平和的人。

第18课时┃词语辨析

3

since与 from [辨析] since引导一个表示过去的时间状语从句,常

与完成时连用,而from除了不能与完成时连用,其 他的时态都可以用,还可以表示“从某地到某地”。

第18课时┃词语辨析

Tom came from England and he has been in China since 1990. 汤姆是英国人,他1990年就来中国了。

I haven't heard from him since last year. 我自去年以来未曾收到过他的信。 She is singing from morning to night. 她从早唱到晚。 Our school is two miles from the station. 我们学校离车站两英里。

第18课时┃词语辨析 4 sleep, asleep与 fall asleep

[辨析] sleep是一般意义上的“睡觉”的动作;而 asleep表示睡熟的状态;fall asleep则表示“入睡, 睡着”。 I wanted to go to sleep, but when I was in the bed, I can not fall asleep. 我想睡觉,但当我躺在床上时,又睡不着了。 He was still sleeping when I went in. 我走进去时他还在睡觉。 He seems to be fast asleep. 他好像睡得很熟。

第18课时┃词语辨析

5

small与 little [辨析] small重在表示“体积”上的小,是无法改 变的;little也表示小,不过小得讨人喜欢,含有 喜欢的感情色彩。 The small boy is little Tom. 这个小个子男孩就是小汤姆。

第18课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 too?to? 太??以至于不?? [点拨] 注意三点:(1)too后跟形容词或副词。(2)to

后接动词原形。(3)这是一个具有否定含义的句式。 Mr. Wang was too excited to say anything when he heard his daughter was accepted by a key university. 当王先生听到他的女儿考上了名牌大学,他兴奋得说 不出话来。

第18课时┃句型聚焦

The camera is too old to use. 这架照相机太旧,不能用了。 He is too excited to say a word. 他太兴奋了以至于说不说话来。 The boy is too young to go to school. 这个男孩太小上不了学。 The old man is too tired to walk. 这个老人累得走不动了。

第18课时┃句型聚焦

2

used to

过去常常

[点拨] used to后接动词原形,表示过去的动作或状态。 My cousin has changed a lot. He used to be thin, but now he is heavy. 我的堂兄变化很大。他过去很瘦,但现在很胖。 There used to be a tower on the hill, but now it isn't there. 过去这座山上有个塔,但现在没有了。

第18课时┃

句型聚焦

The river used to be dirty. But it's very clean now. 河水过去很脏,但是现在很干净。 He used to be short. 他曾经很矮。 They used to live here. 他们曾经住在这里。

第18课时┃句型聚焦 3 What/How about?? ??怎么样? [点拨] What/How about后接名词、代词或动名词形式。

I have no time to see them today. What about tomorrow? 我今天没有时间去看望他们。明天怎么样? What a fine day! What about climbing the hill? 天气真好!去爬山怎么样? It's sunny today. How/ What about going shopping? 今天天气晴朗。去购物怎么样? She doesn't like this color. What/How about that yellow one? 她不喜欢这个颜色。那件黄色的怎么样?

第18课时┃句型聚焦 4 What's wrong with?? =What's the matter with?? ??怎么了? —What's the matter with my son's eyes? —He can't see things clearly. “我儿子的眼睛怎么了?” “他看不清东西。” You look tired. What's wrong with you? 你看起来很累。怎么了? What's wrong/What's the matter with you, Xiaoli? You look so pale. 小李你怎么了, 脸色这么苍白?

第18课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( A )1. When I was a child, my grandmother ________ me interesting stories. A. used to tell B. is used to telling C. used to telling D. is used for

第18课时┃活学活用 ( D )2. —How does Jack usually go to school? —He ________ride a bike, but now he______

there to lose weight. A. used to; is used to walk B. was used to; is used to walking C. was used to; is used to walk D. used to; is used to walking ( C )3. —It's a fine day today. How about ________? —Sounds great! A. go hiking B. go to hike C. going hiking D. to go to hike

第18课时┃活学活用

( B )4. Lucy was ________ excited ________ say

anything when she heard the good news. A.so; that B.too; to C.so; to D.too; that ( C )5. They were very tired, so they stopped ________ a rest. A. have B. having C. to have D. had ( A )6. It's too bright and sunny. Why not ________ your sunglasses? A.wear B.wearing C.worn D.to wear

第18课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.他太小了,不能独自到那里去。 He is ________________ too young to go there alone. 2.她气得说不出话来。 too angry to She was ________________ say a word. 3.我过去经常坐车上班,但现在走着去。 I ____________________ used to work by bus, but now I do on foot instead.

第18课时┃活学活用

4.我以前怕写作业,不过现在不怕了。

used to be afraid of doing I _____________________________my homework,but now I am not. 5.你的英语学习情况怎样? ________________ How/ What about your English learning? 6.今天天气不错,去爬山怎么样? It's a fine day today. ________________ How/ What about going to climb mountains? 7.你的手表怎么了? What's wrong with your watch? ____

_______________

第18课时┃活学活用

8.你看起来不高兴,怎么了? You look unhappy. ____________________ What's wrong with you? 9.为什么不多吃些水果和蔬菜呢? Why not eat more fruit and vegetables? _______________ 10.午饭我吃鸡肉,你呢? I'm going to have chicken for lunch. _____________________ How/ What about you ? 11.我们要去看电影,为什么不和我们一起去呢? We are going to the movies.___________________ Why not go with us?

第18课时┃活学活用

12.她看起来很伤心,怎么了? What's wrong with her She looks sad. ________________________? 13.布朗先生年龄太大了,他不能骑自行车去旅行了。 Mr. Brown is ___________________ too old to travel by bike. 14.爸爸说他过去常在那棵大树下玩儿。 he used to play My father said _________________under the big tree.

第19课时

第19课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 touch [点拨] vt. & vi. 接触,触摸; vt. 感动, 打动

n. 触, 碰, 摸
Don't touch it .It breaks easily. 不要碰它, 它容易破碎。

That woman's sad story touched our hearts. 那位妇女的悲惨经历触动了我们的心弦。

第19课时┃考点精选

I felt a touch on my arm. 我觉得有人摸了一下我的手臂。 We now keep in touch with him by writing letters. 我们现在通过写信与他保持联系。 He didn't notify me how to get in touch with him. 他没有告诉我怎样跟他联系。

第19课时┃考点精选 2 trouble [点拨] n.困难, 忧虑, 麻烦;困境,险境

vt.使烦恼, 使忧虑
The old lady told me all her troubles. 这个老太太把她的烦恼都告诉了我。

The new company did well at first, but then ran into trouble. 这家新公司最初办得还不错, 但后来就陷入困境了。 I don't wish to trouble them.我不愿意去麻烦他们。 [拓展] have trouble in doing sth.做某事有困难 He has trouble (in) learning English grammar. 他在学习英语语法方面有困难。

第19课时┃考点精选 3 try [点拨] vt. & vi.试图; 努力; n.尝试 If you can't do it the first time, try again. 要是你第一次做不成, 就再试一下。 He had a try at solving the problem. 他试图解决这个问题。 [拓展] try to do/try doing sth.尽力做/尝试做某事 He tried to climb the tree. 他尽力去爬那棵树。 She tried writing out her views.

她试着把她的看法写出来。

第19课时┃考点精选 4 turn

[点拨] vt. & vi. (使)转动, 旋转;(使)改变方 向,(使朝某个方向)转弯 He turned and faced her.他转过来面对着她。 [拓展] (1)v. 反复考虑;仔细考虑;默想,深思(常 与over 连用) He turned the question over in his mind but could not find an answer. 他仔细思考了这个问题但是找不到答案。 (2)n.转动, 旋转;机会; 顺次 My turn will come.我的时运快来了。

第19课时┃考点精选

5

use [点拨] vt.使用

; 利用; n.使用, 应用 May I use your knife for a while? 我用一下你的小刀行吗? For use only in case of fire!只供火警时用! He bought a used car.他买了一辆二手车。 His brother used to live in Tianjin. 他哥哥曾经在天津居住过。 I am used to living in the country. 我习惯于住在乡村。

第19课时┃考点精选

6

value [点拨] n.价值, 价格;实用性, 重要性 vt.估价 You don't know the value of health. 你不知道健康的重要性。 I valued the bike at 200 dollars. 我估计这辆自行车值200美元。

第19课时┃考点精选 7 visit [点拨] vt. & vi.访问, 探望; 参观,游览

n.访问; 参观, 游览; 逗留
They are visiting in that city. 他们正在那个城市参观访问。 During our visit to London we often went to the theatre.我们在伦敦逗留时常去剧院。 I am going to pay a visit to Shanghai. 我要去上海旅游。 I shall pay a visit to them this winter. 今年冬天我将要拜访他们。

第19课时┃考点精选

8

take up 占去,占据(时间、地位等) They take up too much space.

它们占了太多空间。 All her time is taken up looking after the new baby. 她所有的时间都用来照顾刚出生的孩子。

第19课时┃考点精选

9

the other day 那天,某日,前几天 [点拨] “前几天,某日”相当于a few days ago, 有 时也指过去不确定的某一天。 I met a friend of mine in the Friendship Department Store the other day. 前几天我在友谊商店遇见了我的一位朋友。 I am calling about what we discussed the other day. 我打电话是为了前几天我们所讨论的事情。

第19课时┃考点精选

10

throw away 扔掉 I don't need that.You can throw it away. 我不需要那东西,你可以把它扔了。 That old chair should be thrown away. 那把旧椅子应该扔掉了。

第19课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 so与 such [辨析] so修饰形容词或副词;such修饰名词。so+ 形容词/副词=such+形容词+名词。 Such books are so interesting. 这些书很有意思。 They had a wonderful time and so did I. 他们玩得很开心,我也一样。

第19课时┃词语辨析

I left a message so as to be sure of contacting her. 我留了张纸条以便与她取得联系。 It was snowing, and so I could not go out. 天在下雪,所以我无法外出。 He is such a good teacher that all his pupils like him. 他是位极好的老师,所有的学生都喜欢他。

第19课时┃词语辨析

2

someone, some one与 somebody [辨析] some one是多个人中的一个;someone是“某人, 有人”,只能作代词用;somebody也指“某人,有人”, 它还指“有身份的人物”。 At the meeting, someone (somebody) pointed to some one of the audience and said, “Have you got any suggestions?” 会议上,有人指着其中一个观众说:“你有什么意 见吗?”

第19课时┃词语辨

析 3 sometimes, some time与 sometime [辨析] sometimes 意为“有时”,表示频率;some time 意为“一段时间”;sometime 意为“曾经,某 时”,即可表示现在,也可表示将来。 I'll stay here for some time. 我将在这儿待一段时间。 Kate will be back sometime in February. 凯特将在2月某个时候回来。 Our school is some times larger than theirs. 我们学校比他们学校大几倍。 Joan goes to school on foot,but sometimes by bike. 琼步行上学,但有时也骑自行车去。

第19课时┃词语辨析

4

still与 yet [辨析] still 一般用于肯定句;而yet一般用于疑问句和 否定句。 I'm still here waiting for him, but he hasn't been back yet. 我一直在等他,可他还是没回来。

第19课时┃词语辨析 5 take place与 take the place of [辨析] (1)take place 意为“发生”,尤指根据安排 或计划发生,进行,没有偶然性。 Great changes have taken place in Beijing. 北京发生了巨大变化。 The wedding of John and Sara will take place on 22 May. 约翰和萨拉的婚礼将于5月22日举行。 (2)take the place of 意为“取代,代替” The new always take the place of the old. 新生事物总是会取代旧的事物。 We have arranged for another man to take his place.我们已安排好由另一个人取代他。

第19课时┃词语辨析

6

thanks to与 thanks for [辨析] thanks to 意为“幸亏,由于,多亏?? 才??”;thanks for 意为“对某件事或某人表示感 谢”。 Everyone knows about it now, thanks to you. 多亏了你,现在大家都知道了。 How can I ever express my thanks to you for all you've done? 对你所做的一切我怎么才能表达谢意?

第19课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做过某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事 [点拨] hear后接动词原形表示整个活动或整个事件从 头到尾的全过程;后接分词表示正在进行的动作。 I often hear her sing the folk song. 我经常听到她唱那首民歌。

第19课时┃句型聚焦

I heard him knock three times last night. 昨晚我听见他敲了三下。 We heard someone crying in our neighborhood at this time last night. 昨晚的这个时候我们听到社区里有人哭。 Can you hear someone shouting at a dog? 你能听到有人在冲一条狗大叫吗?

第19课时┃句型聚焦

2

so? that? 如此??以至于?? [点拨]

第19课时┃句型聚焦

He ran so quickly that we couldn't keep up with him. 他跑得那么快以至于我们都追不上他。 I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over. 我摔了那么多跤以至于浑身青一块紫一块。 This place is so beautiful that we all don't want to leave. 这个地方是如此美丽以至于我们大家都不想离开了。

第19课时┃句型聚焦

Lily have so much homework that she can't help her mother with the housework. 莉莉的作业

太多,她没时间帮妈妈做家务。 The car accident was so serious that the people in the car all died. 这起车祸非常严重,以至于车里的人全部丧生。

第19课时┃句型聚焦

3

spend? on sth. 在某方面花费时间/金钱 [点拨] spend的主语通常是人。 He hates studying and doesn't spend much time on his homework. 他讨厌学习,没有在作业上花太多的时间。 I spent much money on a new camera. 我花了很多钱买了一部新相机。

第19课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( A )1. The factory ________its waste into the river, but now it deals with the waste in a new way. A. used to dump B. is used to dump C. used to dumping D. is used to dumping ( C )2. Bamboo can ________ paper. A. used to make B. be used make C. be used to make D. be used to making

第19课时┃活学活用 ( B )3. It takes him 2 hours ________ finish ________ this task. A.to; to do B.to; doing C.doing; to do D.doing; doing ( B )4. She usually goes to work by bus, but ________ on foot. A.some time B.sometimes C.sometime D.some times ( A )5. Please ________ the children from swimming in the lake. A.stop B.let C.ask D.tell

第19课时┃活学活用

Ⅱ.根据中文意思完成句子 1.我写作业的时候,听见他锁门了。 ______________________________ while I was doing my I heared him lock the door homework. 2.我们期待着听他弹钢琴。 We are _________________________________________________. looking forward to hearing him play the piano 3.我们听见他正在他的房间里唱歌。 We ____________________ in his room. hear him singing 4.他每天要用两个小时来做作业。 ________________________ to do homework every day. It takes him 2 hours

第19课时┃活学活用 5.我太忙了,以至于不能花很多时间在家务上。 I'm ______________________________________________ so busy that I can't spend too much time on housework. 6.那个故事很有趣以至于每个人都大笑起来。 The story ________________________________________________. is so interesting that everyone starts laughing 7.他喜欢阅读,总是把他所有的钱用来买新书。 He likes reading and always _________________________________________. spends all his money buying new books 8.他把业余时间的每一分钟都花在了车上。 Every spare minute he gets _______________________. is spent on his car

第19课时┃活学活用 9. 父母应该阻止孩子过多地玩电脑游戏。 Parents should

stop their children from playing computer games _
too much.

10. 仔细听,你能听见有人在唱歌吗? Listen carefully. Can you hear someone singing songs ? _________________________ 11.玛丽学习如此努力,以至于所有的老师都喜欢她。 so hard that all the teachers like her Mary tudies________________________________________. 12.你每个星期花多少钱买食物? did you spend on food How much _________

________________ each week?

第20课时

第20课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 walk [点拨] vt. & vi.走, 步行, 散步

n.步行, 散步;行走的路程
The old man walked five miles every morning. 这位老人每天早晨步行五英里。 Uncle Tom looked hot after his walk. 散步之后, 汤姆叔叔看起来很热。 It's a long walk to the station. 去车站要走很长一段路。

第20课时┃考点精选 2 water [点拨] n.水;大片的水, (尤指)湖(河, 海)

vt.给??浇水(洒水);给??水喝 vi.流眼泪; 流口水
Flowers will die without water.

没有水, 花就会枯死。 The ship is in British waters. 这条船行驶在英国的海域里。 Water the flowers every morning. 每天早晨给花浇水。 The smoke made her eyes water. 烟熏得她的眼睛流泪。

第20课时┃考点精选

3

way [点拨] n.路, 道, 街, 径; 方向; 方法, 方式,手段; 某方面; adv.远远地

They are trying to find a way of solving the problem. 他们正设法寻找解决问题的办法。 [拓展] 常用短语:come this way, in?ways

第20课时┃考点精选

4

wet [点拨] adj.湿的,潮湿的;下雨的,多雨的;懦弱 的,软弱的; n.雨天 When it is wet, the buses are crowded. 下雨天, 公共汽车非常拥挤。 He is really a wet young man. 他真是个懦弱的年轻人。 He is standing in the wet without a coat. 他站在雨中,没穿外套。

第20课时┃考点精选

5

while [点拨] conj.在??期间, 当??的时候; 与??同时 conj.虽然,尽管;而,然而;n. (一段)时间 vt. 消磨(时光),轻松地度过(+away) While in hospital, he wrote his first novel. 他住院期间写出了第一部小说。 I like tea while she likes coffee. 我喜欢喝茶,而她喜欢喝咖啡。

第20课时┃考点精选

6

turn over翻动,犁翻(土地) Let's turn over a new leaf. 让我们重新开始。 Our English teacher asked us to turn over the page. 我们的英语老师让我们把这页翻过去。 If you turn over, you might find it easier to get to sleep. 你若翻个身也许入睡会容易些。

第20课时┃考点精选 7 up and down上下,来回 The boys went up and down the stone steps. 那些男孩子在那段石阶上走上来走下去。 Johnson looked her up and down and decided to ask her out. 约翰逊上上下下打量了她一番,决定邀请她出去。 8 wait for 等候,等待 He is waiting for them to tell him whether he got the job or not. 他正等待他们通知是否录用他。

第20课时┃考点精选

9

wake up 醒来 She usually wakes up early in the morning. 她通常一大早就醒了。 Please wake me up at six tomorrow morning. 请你明天早上6点叫醒我。 10 work out 算出,解决 [点拨] 当主语是名词(比如:the problem)时,放于 work out中间或out后都可以;但主语是宾格(比如: it,them等)时必须放在中间。

I believe that you can work out this problem by yourself. 我相信你自己能做出这道题。 I need to work out a few problems. 我需要解决一些问题。

第20课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 such as, such?as与 for example [辨析] such as 用于罗列同类事物或人物中的几个例 子,表示“如??之类的”。such后接概括性的词语,而 as后接列举的例子;而 for example则是强调说明一个例 子。 Many girls like singing songs—Lingling, for example. Such girls as Lingling can sing English songs, such as Jingle Bell, Do Re Mi and so on. 许多女孩会唱英文歌,比如玲玲。像玲玲这样的女孩会唱 《圣诞颂歌》、《哆来咪》等英文歌曲。

第20课时┃词语辨析

2 surprised与 surprising [辨析] surprised的主语必须是人,表示“某人惊奇 地”;而surprising修饰物,意为“使人惊奇的”。 We were surprised at the surprising accident. 我们都被这场突如其来的事故惊呆了。

第20课时┃词语辨析

3

talk to, talk with与 talk about [辨析] talk about 表示广义上的“谈论,讨论”,可 以是任何话题;talk to表示一方在说,一方在听;talk with意为“与某人谈话”。 Don't talk with each other about anything that has nothing to do with your study when the teacher talks to you in class. 老师在讲课时不要和你的同学讨论任何与学习无关的 事情。

第20课时┃词语辨析

4

the number of与 a number of [辨析] the number of “??的数量”;a number of “很多”。 A number of little boys came to help the teacher count the number of the books. 一群男孩来帮老师数书的数量。

第20课时┃词语辨析 5 try on与 try out [辨析] (1)try on “试穿,试试看” You'd better try on the shoes before you buy them. 在买鞋之前你最好试穿一下。 (2)try out “试验” When he was a child he was always trying out new ideas. 当他还是个孩子时,他总是对一些新想法进行试验。 We have tried out the new medicine. 我们已试用过这种新药了。

第20课时┃词语辨析 6 turn on与 turn off [辨析] (1)turn off “关掉(水、电、电视、收音机等)” Turn off the light before you go out. 在你外出前要关灯。 Please turn off the TV before you go to bed. 睡觉前请关上电视。 (2)turn on “打开(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等)” Please turn on the radio.请打开收音机。 Mr. Green turned on the TV as soon as he got home. 格林先生一到家就打开了电视。

第20课时┃词语辨析 7 turn up与 turn down [辨析] turn up “到达,来到;露面;开大(声音)”; turn down “关小,调低”。 We arranged to meet at 7:30, but she never turned up. 我们约好七点半碰头,但她根本没露面。 The music was turned up loud. 音乐的音量开大了。 You'd better turn down the radio. Your father is working. 你最好调低收音机的音

量,你爸爸在工作。

第20课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 spend?(in) doing sth. 在做某事方面花费时间/金钱 [点拨] 此句型的主语是人, in 通常省略。 Now more and more people spend their leisure time trying to improve themselves. 现在越来越多的人把他们的业余时间花在提高自身方面。 I usually spend some money buying presents for my parents. 我通常花一部分钱来给父母买礼物。 Now more and more young people spend their free time chatting online. 现在越来越多的年轻人花费空闲时间上网聊天。

第20课时┃句型聚焦

2

stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事 [点拨] to do 表示停下来的目的,作状语 Please stop to think about it for a moment before you shout at someone. 在你想冲别人大叫的时候请停下来想一想。 We stop to rest after 3-hour working. 3个小时的工作之后,我们停下来休息。 Let's stop to have a rest. 咱们停下来歇会吧。

第20课时┃句型聚焦

[拓展] (1)stop doing sth. 停止做某事(doing 作宾语) Though he is tired, he doesn't stop working. 尽管他很累,他也没有停止工作。 If you don't stop smoking, you have to leave here. 如果你不停止吸烟,就必须离开这里。

第20课时┃句型聚焦

(2)stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止/制止某人做某事 They stopped me from going out of the door. 他们不让我出门。 He stopped his son from doing it. 他阻止他的儿子做这件事。 There's nothing to stop you from accepting the offer. 你尽可以接受那个提议。 He is stopped/kept/prevented by law from holding a licence. 法律不准他持有执照。

第20课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ. 单项填空 ( C )1. If it is dark, ________the lights, please. A. pick up B. look at C. turn on D. play with ( A )2. I can hardly hear what it is saying on TV. Would you please________? A. turn it up B. turn it down C. turn it on D. turn it off

第20课时┃活学活用 ( B )3. —What's your plan for this weekend? —I'm going to ________it with my grandparents. A. cost B. spend C. give D. pay ( C )4. —You should ________the tap after you finish washing your hands. —OK. I will. We need to save water. A. put on B. put off C. turn off D. turn on ( A )5. —How nice your watch is! How much did you ________for it? —120 yuan. A. pay B. cost C. spend D. take

第20课时┃活学活用

( B )6. They tried several times to ________the question and in the end they succeeded. A. give up B. work out C. look through D. think of ( A )7. I want to watch the basketball match. Would you please ________the TV? A. turn on B. turn off C. turn down D. turn up

第20课时┃活学活用

( A )8. —This math problem is hard for me to ________.Can you help me? —There are many ways. Let me show them to you. A. work out B. look out C. hand out D. break out ( A )9. —Do you take exercise every day? —Yes. I always ________ thirty minutes after supper. A.

spend B. cost C. take D. pay ( C )10. Hurry up, Mike. You must get to the airport an hour before the plane________. A. gets off B. turns off C. takes off D. puts off

第20课时┃活学活用 Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.她花了一个晚上打扫窗户和地板。 She__________________________________________________. spent one evening cleaning the windows and floor 2.我宁愿把钱花在旅游方面也不愿意花在买房子上。 spend money travelling than buying a I'd rather_____________________________ house. 3.迈克停下来听,但是什么也没听到。 Mike ___________________ stopped to listen but he couldn't hear anything. 4.我停下来去帮助那位老人。 I _______________________________. stopped to help that old man

第20课时┃活学活用 5.不要讲话了! Stop talking ! _________________ 6.当老师走进教室的时候, 我们停止了大笑。 When the teacher came into the classroom, we stopped laughing _____________________. 7.没有任何事情可以阻止我们达到目标。 ______________________________________our aims. Nothing can stop us from getting 8.你为什么没来? stopped you from coming ? What ___________________________

第21课时

第21课时┃考点精选

考点精选
1 work [点拨] vt. & vi.(使)工作,(使)产生效果,(使)运 作, 运转; n.工作, 劳动, 作业; 工作成果, 产品,著作, 作品

第21课时┃考点精选

He's been working hard all day. 他辛劳地工作了一天。 I know how to work the machine. 我知道如何开动机器。 She is reading a new work on computer. 她正在看一本关于电脑的新书。 It takes a lot of work to dig a deep well. 挖一口深井很费事。

第21课时┃考点精选

2

worth [点拨] adj.(表示比率)值(多少钱), 值得; n.价值 [拓展] worth与value词义相近,但前者强调事物本身的 价值。value侧重指使用价值,着重强调人、物或事所具 有的重要性、用途或优秀品质等。 This novel is worth reading. 这本小说值得一读。

第21课时┃考点精选

3

wound [点拨] n.创伤; 伤口; 伤痕 vt.使受伤, 伤害 Apply some medicine to his wound. 给他的伤口上点药吧。 Her pride has been wounded. 她的自尊心已经受到了伤害。

第21课时┃考点精选

4

worry about 担心,烦恼 Don't worry about that. I am sure they'll understand. After all, it is a very difficult exam. 你不必担心这一点。我相信他们会理解的,毕竟这是 一次很难的考试。 You have nothing to worry about. 你没什么可担心的。

第21课时┃考点精选

5

write down 写下,记下 [点拨] 若宾语为代词则必须放在两词中间。如write it down=write down the word。 You may write down something important and special on your notes. 你们可以在自己的笔记本上记录一些较为重要和特殊的 内容。 I wrote down her telephone number in my n

otebook. 我在笔记本上记下了她的电话号码。

第21课时┃考点精选

6

write to 写信给?? Her son wrote a letter to her last month.

上个月她的儿子给她写了一封信。 She wrote to him in French. 她用法语给他写了封信。

第21课时┃词语辨析

词语辨析
1 think, think about与 think of [辨析] think “觉得,认为”,后接宾语从句; think about “考虑”;think of “想起,想到, 对??有想法”。 Do you think my idea is stupid? Just think about it again. If you still think so, you will have to think of one yourself. 你觉得我的主意很愚蠢?你再好好想想,如果你还这 么认为,那么你自己想一个吧。

第21课时┃词语辨析

They thought the novel worth reading. 他们认为这本小说值得一读。 What do you think of the play?你认为那出戏怎么样? Do you often think of your friend home? 你常常想起你在国内的朋友吗? Please think about how to take the first step. 请考虑一下如何开始。

第21课时┃词语辨析

2

under与 below [辨析] under和below都表示“在??下面”,但是 under指与某物有接触,或在某物的正下方;而below 则表示不与物体接触。 Under the tree, there is a lake. And below the boat on the lake, there is lots of fish. 树下有个湖,船下有许多鱼。

第21课时┃词语辨析

3

under repair, in repair与 out of repair [辨析] under repair “正在维修中”;in repair

“状态良好”;out of repair “坏了”。 The radio was under repair 3 days ago and now it's in repair. 收音机三天前修过,所以现在状况良好。

第21课时┃词语辨析

4

under the sun与 in the sun [辨析] under the sun “天底下,世界上”,还 表示“究竟,到底”;in the sun “在阳光下”。 If only all the children under the sun could play in the sun! 如果世界上所有的孩子都能在阳光下自由自在地玩耍就 好了。

第21课时┃词语辨析

5

used to do sth., be used to do sth.与

be/become/get used to (doing) sth. [辨析] used to do sth.“过去常常做某事”;be used to do sth.“被用来做某事”;be/become/get used to (doing) sth. “习惯于某物,习惯做某事”。 I used to watch lots of movies. Now I am used to watching TV series. 我以前常常看电影,现在则习惯看电视剧了。 The box is used to contain books. 这个箱子是用来装书的。

第21课时┃词语辨析

I used to get up early and took an hour's walk before breakfast. 我过去常常起床很早并且在早餐前散步一小时。

She isn't used to living in the countryside now. 她现在不习惯在乡下生活。 Are you used to the food here? 你习惯吃这儿的饭菜吗? Computers are used to do many things for people now.现在计算机被用来做许多事情。

第21课时┃句型聚焦

句型聚焦
1 take sth. with sb. 与 bring sth. with sb. 随身携

带 [点拨] take 指把某物从说话人所在地带走。bring 指 把某物从别处带到说话人所在地。 Please bring a computer with you next time. 下次请带电脑来。 It's raining. Don't forget to take an umbrella with you.下雨了,别忘了带伞。 I forgot to take my bag with me when I got off the bus. 我下公共汽车时忘了拿包。

第21课时┃句型聚焦

2

The + 比较级,the + 比较级? 越??越?? [点拨] 注意:该句型需要用倒装结构。 Mr. Smith enjoys reading. He thinks the more he reads, the more knowledge he will get. 史密斯先生喜欢读书。他认为他读得越多,他获得 的知识就越多。 When you take a test, the more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you make. 考试时越认真出错越少。

第21课时┃句型聚焦 3 There is something wrong with?

??出毛病了 There is something wrong with my computer. Could you help me mend it? 我的电脑坏了,你能帮我修一下吗? There is something wrong with my bike. I'll get it fixed.我的自行车出毛病了,我得请人修一下。 There is something wrong with / Something is wrong with my watch. Can you tell me the time? 我的手表出问题了,你能告诉我时间吗?

第21课时┃活学活用

活学活用
Ⅰ.单项填空 ( B )1. We are glad to know that he has a good________. A.work B.Job C.working D.career ( B )2. What do you ________ the problem? A.think for B.think of C.think at D.think out

第21课时┃活学活用

( C )3. John ________ with a knife but now he ________ with chopsticks after living in Beijing for several months. A.used to eat; is used to eat B.used to eating; gets used to eat C.used to eat; is used to eating D.was used to eating, is used to eat

第21课时┃活学活用

(

B )4. —How was your trip last Sunday? —Great! But it was ________ than in the city because we were in the mountains. A.cold B. colder C.coldest D.the coldest ( A )5. Computers are ________ by more and more people in the world today. A.used B.use C.using D.to use

第21课时┃活学活用 Ⅱ. 根据中文意思完成句子 1.雨下得越大, 他跑得越快。 the faster The harder it rained, _____________he was running. 2.当春季到来的时候,白天就会变得越来越长。 _______________________________________when spring The day will become longer and longer comes. 3.我的手机出毛病了,能用你的吗? _________________________________ There is something wrong with my cellphone. May I use yours?

第21课时┃活学活用

4.我的电脑坏了,得找人去修。 _____________________________________________ There is something wrong with my computer ,so I have to make it repaired. 5.天很冷,请带上件外套吧。 It's very cold. ________________________, please. Take a coat with you 6.你练习英语越多,你学得就越好。 ___________you practice your English, The more ____

_________you will learn it. the better


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com