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感叹句与反意疑问句

发布时间:2014-02-04 10:42:50  

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感叹句一览

一. 感叹句的定义

表示说话时的惊异、喜悦、气愤等情绪,句尾有惊叹号“!”,读时用降调,在口语中常用省略句,有时只用一个词或词组。如:Great ! How cold !

三. 感叹句的用法

1. 感叹部分是名词性短语,即:(a/an)+形容词+名词,感叹词用what。

(1)单数可数名词前用what a/an 。如:

What a strong wind it is ! (辅音音素前用a)

What an interesting story it is ! (元音音素前用an)

(2)复数名词和不可数名词前用what。如:

What beautiful flowers they are !

What bad weather it is !

2. 感叹部分是形容词、副词,感叹词用how。

(1)谓语动词如是连系动词,则how修饰形容词。如:

How careful the boy is !

(2)谓语动词如是行为动词,则how修饰副词。如:

How carefully the boy is writing !

( )1._______a clever boy he is ! A. What B. How C. What’s

( )2._______she dances! A. How good B. How well C. What well

( )3._______quiet the park is! A. What a B. How C. How a

( )4._____his father works!

A. How careful B. How carefully C. What careful

( )5._____noisy they are making! A. What B. How C. How a

( )6.______delicious soup! A. How B. What C. What a

( )7.______heavy snow!! A. What a B. What C. How

( )8.____old bike Li Lei is riding! A. What a B. What an C. How

( )9.______exciting moment it is! A. How B. How an C. What an

( )10.____supper we’re having today! A.What a delicious B. How delicious C. What delicious

( )11.________fine weather it is today! A. How B. What a C. What

( )12._____fast the boys are running! A. What B. What a C. How

( )13._______the mooncakes are! A. How delicious B. What delicious C. What a delicious

( )14.____surprising news it is! A. How B. What C. What a

( )15.____time we’re having today! A. What a good B. How good C. What good

( )16._______I miss you ! A. What B. How C. How do

( )17.Look! ______beautiful that lake is! A. How B. What C. What a

( )18. ________ slowly Tom runs! A. How B. What C. What a

( )19._____lovely the snow looks! A. What B. How C. What a

( )20.________useful information it is! A. What an B. How C. What

( )21._______beautiful flowers they are! A. How B. What C. What a

( )22._______lovely a girl she is! A. What B. How C. What a

( )23._______they love their country! A. What B. How C. What a

( )24._______long hair she has! A. What a B. What C. How

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( )25._______beautiful music we are listening to!A. How B. What a C. What

( )26._______exciting a football match it is! A. What B. How C. What an

( )27._______hard-working Chinese people! A. How B. What C. How do

( )28._______a lovely view! A. Is it B. Isn’t it C. Aren’t they

( )29.____time they had yesterday! A. How wonderful B. What wonderful C. What a wonderful

( )30.______worried they looked! A. What B. How C. How are

反意疑问句是英文中常见的一种句型,它提出情况或看法,询问对方同意与否,被广泛应用于英语口语。反意疑问句通常由两部分构成:前一部分用陈述句的形式(statement),后一部分是一个附着在前一部分上的简短问句(也叫tag question)。所附简短问句中的主语和谓语与陈述句的保持一致,而且两部分的时态要一致。反意疑问句有四种类型:(1)肯定陈述+否定简短问句;(2)否定陈述+肯定简短问句;(3)肯定陈述+肯定简短问句;(4)否定陈述+否定简短问句。其中,前两种运用最为广泛。除此之外,反意疑问句还有“祈使句+简短问句”的形式,这种用法通常用于减弱祈使语气。如: Carry this parcel for me, can you? 给我拿一下包,好吗?

反意疑问句的构成有以下几点特殊情况须注意:

1.当陈述句的主语是everyone, everybody, someone, somebody时,简短问句中的主语通常用they。如果陈述句的主语是非人称的复合词,如everything, something, anything, 则简短问句中相应的人称代词是单数的中性词it。例如:

Somebody borrowed my coat yesterday, didn’t they?

Nobody came, did they?

Everyone thinks they’re the center of the universe, don’t they?

Nothing can stop us now, can it?

2.当陈述句是表示存在的句子时,简短问句用there 作形式主语。例如:

There isn’t a book on the table, is there?

There’s something wrong, isn’t there?

There won’t be any trouble, will there?

3.如果陈述句中包含有如下的否定或半否定词, 如seldom, hardly, never, rarely,little, few, nowhere, nothing,则简短问句通常用肯定形式。但如果陈述句中仅包含有否定前缀,则简短问句中用否定形式。例如:

He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he?

The rules are invariable, aren’t they?

He seldom pays more attention to his pronunciation, does he?

He hardly knows anything about computer, does he?

Tom has little knowledge of how to spend money, does he?

4.陈述句中是I am时,简短问句则用aren’t I。例如:

I am an excellent English speaker, aren’t I?

I am late, aren’t I ?

5.陈述句中是非限定人称代词one时,正式文体中,简短问句的主语为one,而非正式文体中用you。例如:

One must be honest, mustn’t one?

6.含有宾语从句的主从复合句的反意疑问句中,简短问句一般反映主句中主、谓之间的关系。但如果主句是I think, I suppose, I believe, I suspect, I imagine 等时,则简短问句反映的是that从句中主语与谓语之间的关系。例如:

They agreed that the United States shouldn’t make a war on Iraq, didn’t they?

I suppose (that) he is serious, isn’t he?

注意:否定词移位的情况,如:

I don’t suppose (that) he is serious, is he?

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8.当陈述句的动词是ought to时,英国英语中简短问句用ought,而美国英语中则用should。

9.陈述句中的动词是used to时,简短问句可用used 的形式或did的形式。例如: The Smiths used to live in the countryside, usedn’t / didn’t they?

He didn’t use/used to tell lies, did he?

10.陈述句中动词为needn’t时,简短问句通常用 need。例如:

You needn’t do it if you don’t want to, need you?

You needn’t have told him the news, need you?

11.陈述句中must后动词的类属和时态不同,反意疑问句也不同。例如:

The food must be good, isn’t it?

You must have read the book last month, didn't you?

You must see the doctor, needn’t you?(must表必要性,故用needn’t)

You mustn’t do that again, must you?(must表示“不可以”)

12.当陈述部分是一祈使句时,简短问句则通常为 won’t you, would you, can you, can’t you, could you等,使语气婉转、客气。如果陈述部分的祈使句中含有第

一人称时,如Let’s do something, 则简短问句为 shall we?例如:

Do sit down, won’t you?

Shut up, can you?

在否定的祈使句后, 只能用will you。例如:

Don’t forget, will you?

1、You’d better have a rest,_____________?

a. won’t you b. wouldn’t you C. hadn’t you d. haven’t you

2. Jane said that yesterday she had a good time,______________?

A. didn’t she B. did she C. hadn’t she D. was she

3. Let’s go to see the film,_________________?

A . will you b. won’t you c. shall we d. shan’t we

4. Mr. White must have arrived by plane,____________?

A. did he B. mustn’t he C. must he D. didn’t he

5. At the meeting, they didn’t agree with us?____________?

a. did they b. didn’t they c. had they d. were they

6. Don’t forget to close the window,__________________?

a. do you b. have you . c. will you d. did you

7. What he told us is very interesting,_____________?

a. isn’t it b. isn’t they c. can’t they d. is it

8. I don’t believe they can pass the exam.________________?

a. does he b. can’t he c. doesn’t he d. can they

9. She never told us why she would come,______________?

A. didn’t she B. wouldn’t she C. would she D. did she

10.Mary imagines that her classmates want to visit her,____________?

a. wouldn’t they B. do they c. don’t they d. will they

11. They are tired but they have to finish their homework,____________?

A. oughtn’t they b. won’t they c. mustn’t they d. don’t they

12. To do morning exercises has helped improve our health,_________?

a. hasn’t it b. has it c. doesn’t it d. does it

13. Let me help you with your English study,__________?

a. could I b. shall I c. will you d. would you

14. You must have read that novel last week._____________?

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a. didn’t you b. haven’t you c. have you d. did you

15. There won’t be any meeting this evening,_______________?

a. will it b. is it c. won’t be it d. will there

16. You’d like some coffee,_______________?

a. wouldn’t you b. hadn’t you c. didn’t you d. shouldn’t you

17. ----- Susan can’t drive.

---- No, she can’t ______________?

a. does she b. is she c. not she d. can she

18. ---- You must do as I tell you

---- Oh, I must, _____________? a. must I b. needn’t I c. shouldn’t I d. mustn’t I

19. I’m very dirty,____________? a. don’t I b. amn’t I c. isn’t I d. aren’t I

20. What a lovely doy,________?

a. we have b. isn’t it c. it is d. haven’t we

21.Daniel didn’t like to do that, did he? “______________________”.

a. No, he didn’t b. Yes , he didn’t like to. c. No. he didn’t liked d. Yes, he liked it.

22.There was little bread in the cupboard,_______________?

a. weren’t there b. was it c. was there d. wasn’t there

23. Something is difficult in your life,___________?

a. is it b. isn’t it c. are they d. aren’t they

24. Don’t be careless again,__________?

a. are you b. do you c. did you d. will you

25. They have to do work,__________?

a. oughtn’t they b. mustn’t they c. won’t they d. don’t they

26. You’d rather not do it ,___________?

a. should you b. would you c. wouldn’t you d. must you

27. I hope they won’t have to wait all day,____________?

a. won’t they b. don’t they c. will they d, won’t I

28. I don’t think he is to blame,__________?

a. do I b. is he c. isn’t he d. does he

29. Go and fetch some water,_____________?

a. won’t you b. don’t you c. shall you d. would you

30. Tom said he wasn’t feeling well,____________?

a. did he b. was he c. wasn’t he d. didn’t he

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