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shall should 用法

发布时间:2014-02-04 11:50:37  

1.shall在疑问句中的用法。

在疑问句中用于征求对方意见,主要用于第一、 三人称,其意为“要不要”、“…好吗”:

Shall I get you a chair for you? 要不要我给你拿把
椅子来?

What shall we do this evening? 我们今天晚上做什 么呢?

Shall the boy /he come at once? 要不要这孩子马上
来?

. shall在陈述句中的用法。 在陈述句表示说话者的允诺、告诫、威胁、命令、 规定、必然性等,主要用于第二、三人称: ? You shall suffer for this. 你会为此事吃苦头的。 (威胁) ? That day shall come.那一天一定会来。(必然性) ? Tell him that he shall have the book tomorrow. 告 诉他这本书明天给他。(表允诺) ? Persons under 18 shall not be employed in night work.不满十八岁的人不得雇佣干夜间工作。 (表规定) ? 【注】有时用于第一人称 I shall return. 我一定 回来。(表示决心)
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3. should表示义务或责任。 We should learn from each other. 我们应该互相帮 助。 We should help the aged. 我们应该帮助老人。 You should pay your debts. 你应该还债。 4. should 表示建议或劝告。其意为“应该”: You should give up smoking. 你应该戒烟。 You should go and ask your teacher. 你应该去问问 老师。 【注】有时语气较强,含有命令的意味: You should leave at once. 你应该马上离开 。

. should 表示推断,意为“应该”、“可能”: 1.They should be there by now, I think. 我想现在他 们都已经到了。 2.The concert should be great fun. 音乐会应该很有 意思。 3.The poems should be out in a month or so. 个把 月之后这些诗估计就可以出版了。 4.With an early start he should be here by noon. 动 身得早,他中午就该到这里了。 【注】should表示推断时,语气较肯定,通常是指 非常可能的事(因为暗示有一定的事实依据或合 乎常理),而may, might, could等表示推测时,则 语气较不肯定,尤其是might, could。
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6. should 用于征求意见。主要用于第一人称的疑 问句形式: Should I open the window? 我可以打开窗户吗? Where should I meet you tonight? 我今晚该到哪 儿与你见面? What should we do now? 我们现在该干什么呢? 【注】该用法与Shall I (we)…?的用法相似。 7. should 表示谦逊或委婉。通常与like, love, think, say, imagine等动词连用:: I should like to know why. 我想知道这是为什么。 I should say she’s over forty. 我想他有40多岁了。 I should think it’s too expensive. 我看这太贵了。 I should imagine it will take about three hours. 我 想得花大约三个小时。

8. should表示意外或惊讶 It’s strange that he should come so late. 他竟然来 这么迟真是奇怪。 I’m sorry that this should have happened. 我很遗 憾竟然发生这种事。 I’m surprised that he should say so. 他竟这样说, 这

使我很惊讶。 有时与why, who, how 等疑问词连用: Why should you think that way? 你为什么会那样 想? How should I know? 我怎么会知道? Who should come in but my old friend Betty!我当 是谁进来时,原来是我的老朋友贝蒂呀!

should后所接动词形式。 (1)should + do用于谈论现在或将来的情况。 (2) should +be doing用于谈论正在进行的事:He should be working now. 他现在应该在工作。 【注】We should be leaving soon. 我们应该马上 走。(比用should leave 委婉) (3) should +have done接本该发生而实际上未发: The train should have already left. You should not have left so soon. You are right; I should have thought of that. (4) 接完成进行式,表示过去正在进行或本该一直 在进行的情况: Why weren’t you helping Tom? You should have been helping him.
9.

1.He’s in good health. Every morning he ____ for a walk in the park. C A. shall go B. go C. will go D. is going 2. —Would you open the door, please? —Yes, I ____. A A. will B. do C. would D. can 3.Whenever I was in trouble, she ____ come to my help. B A.was used to B. would C.always D. should 4.Help me with the heavy box, ____ you? B A. don’t B.will C. do D. shall

10.It’s nearly six o’clock. Tom ____ C be here at any moment. A. ought B. need C. should D. can 11. You are running a fever. You _ Cto see the doctor. A. need go B. must have gone C. should go D. can 12. After two days in the earthquake on May14 the C climb out of the debris little boy _____ A. could B. should C. was able to D. would 13. —Do you have to take care of your father at home? B —Yes, I ____. A. will have B. have to C. do D. shall

18. — The room is so dirty._____ B we clean it? --Of course. A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do 19. My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared. Who C ___ have taken it? A. should B. must C. could D. would 20.—Is John coming by train? ---He should, but he D __ not. He likes driving his car. A. must B. can C. need D. may 21.—I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter. C true because there was little snow there. --It ____ A. may not be B. won’t be C. couldn’t be D. mustn’t be

D 22.It has been announced that candidates _____ remain in their seats until all the paper have been collected. A. can B. will C. may D. shall 23.—I hear you’ve got a set of valuable Australian B I have a look? coins.___ --Yes, certainly. A. Do B. May C. Shall D. Should C 24. Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach, I ____ so much fried chicken just now. A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t have eaten C. shouldn’t have eaten D. mustn’t eat

25.I was really anxious about you. You ___ B home without a word. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave 26. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved C be so rude to a lady. gentlemen ___ A. might B. need C. should D. would 27. I wonder how he D ___ that to the teacher. A.dare to

say B. dare saying C. not dare say D. dared to say 28. You know he is not going to let us leave early if we _______ get the work done. A A. can't B. may not C. shouldn't D. mustn't

29. He _____ B have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by the seaside. A. should B. must C. wouldn’t D. can’t 30. —Why didn’t you attend the lecture yesterday? —I didn’t think that we _______ on Sundays. A A. should B. ought to have C. shouldn’t have . D.will have to 31. I was on the highway when this car went past B followed by a police car. They _______ at least 150 kilometers an hour. (2005年重庆高考题) A. should have been doing B. must have been doing C. could have done D. would have done

32. —I hear you have written a novel. --Yes, the book _______ be out in a month or so. C A. can B. dare C. should D. need 33. On Sundays when I was a child, Father and I _ B get up early and go fishing. ______ A. could B. would C. might D. should 34. — I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake. —It ______ A Harry’s. He always wears green. A. could be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. has to be

35. I _______ have been more than six years old B when the accident happened. A. shouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 36. -The women biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned. —Oh, dear! She _______ a lot of difficulties! D A. may go through B. might go through C. ought to have gone through D. must have gone through C 37. Helen _______ go on the trip with us, but she isn’t quite sure yet. ( 05年安徽 ) A. shall B. must C. may D. can

38. Tom, you _______ leave all your clothes on the B floor like this! A. wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not C 39. There _______ be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school. A. mustn’t B. shan’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 40. The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it _______ be v D ery slow. A. should B. must C. will D. can 41. —Lucy doesn’t mind lending you her dictionary. C —She _______. I’ve already borrowed one. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

42. —Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere. C —Well. He__ have gone far—his coat’s still here. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t 43 . —I’m thinking of losing weight these days. D —Oh, you _______ be out of your mind. You’re 50 kilograms at the most. A. will B. should C. may D. must 44. —Are you in a hurry? B —No, in fact, I’ve got plenty of time. I ____ wait. A. must B. can C. may D. should D 45.You _____to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do. A.needn’t to come B.don’t need come

46.Put on more clothes.You _______be feeling D cold with only a shirt on. A.can B.could C.would D.must 47.—There were already five people in the car but

they managed to take me as well —It_______a comfortable journey. D A.can’t be B.shouldn’t be C.mustn’t have been D.couldn’t have been A 48.I think all drivers _______seat belts. A.should wear B.had better wear C.can wear D.have to wear 49.—Don’t forget to come to my birthday party B tomorrow. — _______. A.I don’t B.I won’t C.I can’t D.I haven’t

50.I to1d Sally how to get here,but perhaps I C _______it out for her. A.had to write B.must have written C.should have written D.ought to write 51. "When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon." "They _____ B be ready by 12:00.” A. can B. should C. might D. need 52.A computer_______think for itself; A it must be told what to do. A.can’t B.couldn’t C.need D.would 53.Jenny_______have kept her word.I wonder B why she changed her mind. A.must B.should C.need D.would


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