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初一英语下第4单元课堂资料

发布时间:2014-02-05 12:49:58  

北大新学堂 3D英语学校 2013年七年级下册英语

Unit4 Don’t eat in class.

一 .Don’t arrive late for class.(P19)

1. arrive late for与be late for同义,都表示“做某事迟到”

前者侧重到达的时间晚,be late for侧重于状态。

Don’t arrive late for the meeting next time.

=Don’t be late for the meeting next time.

2.arrive不及物动词,意为“到达”

arrive in+大地方 arrive in+小地方 arrive+地点副词

reach及物动词 reach+地点

get 不及物动词 get + to+地点

The old man arrived at the village.

How did your father reach his office?

We get to school at 8:00 a.m.

中考链接:Mr.Wang will arrive ___ England in two days.(in/at/on)

二.You must be on time.你一定要准时。(P19)

1.must+do 情态动词, “必须”,You must read a book before you watch TV.

(1)must用于否定句时,mustn’t意为“千万不要,禁止”

You mustn’t be late for school.

(2)以must开头的一般疑问句,若作否定回答,可以用needn’t或don’t have to,不用mustn’t.

---Must I clean all the room?

---No, you needn’t / don’t have to.

中考链接:---Can I go to the movies, Mum?

---Certainly, but you ___ be back by ten o’clock.

A.can B. may C. might

2.on time “按时,准时”,指按规定的时间或指定时间做某事

in time 表示“及时”,指不迟到或在规定时间之前或接近所规定的时间做某事。 We must arrive there on time .

At last, we reached the factory in time.__________________

三.Don’t run in the hallways.不要在走廊上奔跑。(P19)

此句是祈使句的否定句,祈使句是表示请求·命令·劝说·建议等语气的句子,在祈使句中,通常省略第二称主语you,其肯定句式以动词原形开头,否定句式实在动词原形前加don’t,常在句首或句末加please以示礼貌。句末用please时,前面通常加逗号。

Stop talking! Don’t stop talking!

Come in, please.=Please come in.

四.Don’t listen to music in class.不要在课上听音乐。(P19)

1.listen to music “听音乐”, listen为不及物动词,其后接宾语时,加介词to。 Listen! The girl is singing.

Listen __ the teacher carefully, please.请认真听老师讲课。

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北大新学堂 3D英语学校 2013年七年级下册英语

辨析:listen与hear

listen不及物动词,后接宾语时,要加介词to,侧重于“听”的动作。

The girl likes to listen to the radio.

Hear 及物动词,强调“听”的结果。

Can you hear anything?

中考链接:Please ______ to the tape carefully.

I can ___ with my ears.

2.in class “在课上,上课时”,after class“下课后”in the class “在这个班” 类似的短语:

in hospital 住院 in the hospital在医院里

at table 吃饭 at the table在桌子旁

五. Don’t fight.不要打架。(P19)

fight for为···而战,后接名词或代词,表示战斗的目的

fight about 为···而争吵,后接名词·代词或宾语从句,表示吵架的原因

fight with与···共同作战;用(某种武器)与(某人)交战(相当于fight against),后接表示人的名词或代词

fight against对抗···,后接名词或代词,表在困难中抵抗。 他们为他们的祖国而战斗。 I don’t want to fight

六.Sorry, Mr.Clark.(p19)

辨析:Ms. Mrs. Miss Mr.

Ms.女士,是对婚姻状况不明的女子的称呼。

Mrs.夫人,太太,用于已婚女子丈夫的姓氏前。

Mr.先生,用于一切男子(不论婚否)的姓氏前

注意:这四种称呼的后面的都是某人的姓氏,而不跟名。如需单独使用,则用sir, madam代替。

中考链接:___ Green is her father.

七.wear a hat戴帽子(p20)

wear为及物动词,意为“穿,戴”,表示状态。

He wears a black T-shirt.

She likes wearing sunglasses.

拓展:

put on “穿,穿上”,强调穿的动作,

be in +颜色/衣服,意为“穿着······颜色的衣服”,表状态。

It's cold outside.Put on your coat,please.________________

She is in red._________________.

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北大新学堂 3D英语学校 2013年七年级下册英语

九.Can we bring music players to school?我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗?(p20)

1.can:

(1)表示能力,意为“能,会”

We can speak a little English._________________________________

(2)表示请求,用于疑问句,could比can更委婉。

Can you help me with my English?______________________________

-Dad,the bread is not enough,I am still hungry. _____ I have something more? -But there's nothing in the fridge now.

A.Must B.Need C.Will D.Can

2.bring为及物动词,意为“带来,取来”,反义词为take,意为“拿走”

bring sth./sb. to sp.把某物/某人带到某地。

Please ____ these books to the library.

Please ____ your family photo here.

A.take B.bring C.get

SectionB

一.practice the guitar练习吉他(P22)

practice +n./pron. /v-ing , “练习,训练”,此处用作及物动词

I often practice my English in the morning.

He practices playing the piano every day.

拓展:

practice 还可作名词,“联系,实践”

Playing basketball needs a lot of practice.

Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

二.help his mom make breakfast 帮他的妈妈做早饭(P22)

1.help sb.(to) do sth.“帮某人做某事”

He often helps me (to) clean the classroom.

拓展:

help sb. with sth.帮某人作某事 I often help him with his lessons.

help oneself to sth.请随便用···Please help yourself to some fruits.

help 还可作名词,“帮助”,是不可数名词。Thanks for your help.

2.make breakfast”做早饭”

make “制作,做”Let’s make a model plane.

have / eat breakfast吃早餐

三.There are too many rules!有太多的规则

too many+可数名词的复数,“太多的···”There are too many flowers in the garden. too much +不可数名词,“太多的···” There is too much money in my pocket. much too+ adj./adv. “太···” This little boy is much too fat.

中考链接:We should not eat _____ ______ meat.

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北大新学堂 3D英语学校 2013年七年级下册英语

四.At school, we have more rules —don’t be noisy, don’t eat in class.在学校,我们有更多的规则—不要吵闹,不要再课堂上吃东西······(P23)

more+可数名词的复数,”更多的”,

一可做many的比较级+可数名词的复数形式

二可做much的比较级+不可数名词

She has more books than I.

He buys more milk than she.

五.After dinner , I can’t relax either.晚饭后,我也不能放松。(P23)

relax = rest/ have a rest ”放松”,用作不及物动词 Let’s relax for ten minutes. 还可用作及物动词,“使放松”This song relaxes me.

辨析:

relax:动词,“放松,使放松” Playing games always relaxes us.

relaxing:形容词,修饰物,“令人放松的”This film is very relaxing.

relaxed:形容词,修饰人,“感到轻松的”He is relaxed after listening.

I think doing some sports can make you feel _____ .(relaxing/relaxed)

六.Parents and schools are sometimes strict ,but remember, they make rules to help us.父母和学校有时是严格的,但是记住,他们制定规则是为了帮助我们(P23)

1.strict“严格的” “对某人严格要求” “对某事严格要求”

She is a strict teacher.

My dad is strict __ me.Our teacher is strict ___ our study.

2.remember+n./pron./doing/ to do “记住”

辨析:

remember to do sth.“记住要去做某事”=don’t forget to do sth.

Remember to buy a bottle of juice for me.

remember doing sth.“记住做过某事”

I remember seeing her in Loudi.

中考链接:

Remember ___ the book to the school .A.take B.taking C.to take

七.``` because I have to/ must learn to play the piano.(P24)因为我不得不/必须学弹钢琴。

learn to do sth.学会做某事 You must learn to drive a car.

learn from向·······学习 We must learn from Lei Feng.

learn by oneself自学 I learn Japanese by myself.

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