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直接引语间接引语学习课件

发布时间:2014-02-05 13:45:49  

直接引语间接引语
课件制作:王国庆

直接引语和间接引语
一 定义: ? 直接引语:一字不改地重复别人的话,被 引用或复述的部分就叫直接引语。 ? 间接引语:用自己的话重复别人的话,被 转述的部分叫间接引语。间接引语一般用 宾语从句表达。

直接引语变间接引语

&人称的变化

一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新
(1)一随主 直接引语中的第一人称代词与引述动词的主 语一致。 例子:They said, ‘‘Our parents often go shopping with us.”
They said their parents often go shopping with them.

(2)二随宾 直接引语中的第二人称代词与引述动词的宾 语一致。 例子:She said to Jack, ‘‘How is your brother now?”
She asked Jack how his brother was then.

(3)第三人称不更新 直接引语中的第三人称不变 例子:Wang Guoqing said,“Wei Shuwen is a good student.” Wang Guoqing said Wei Shuwen was a good student.

&时态的变化
直接引语 间接引语 直接引语 间接引语
一般将来 时 现在完成 时 过去将来时 过去完成时

一般现在时 一般过去时 一般过去时 过去完成时

现在进行时 过去进行时

过去完成 时

过去完成时

注意!
1.所转述的是自然现象,科学真理,名人名 言,客观事实时,时态不变 2.在直接引语变间接引语时come往往要变成 go 3.在直接引语变间接引语时here往往变成 there

直接引语间接引语练习题
本节课学到这儿就结束了,如果掌握不好继 续掌握,若感觉不错就做些练习吧!!! 重看课件 开始练习

将所给直接引语变为间接引语,每空一词:

? ? ? ? ? ?

1. “I never eat meat.” he said. He said that ______ never ______ meat. 2. “I’ve found my wallet.” he said to me. He ______ me that he ______ ______ ______ wallet. 3. “I took it home with me.” she said. She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her. 4. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.” The teacher said that the sun ______ in the east and ______ down in the west.

? 5. “I met her yesterday.” he said to me. ? He ______ me that he ______ met the day ______. ? 6. “You must come here before five.” he said. ? He said that I ______ to go ______ before five.

7. “I bought the house 10 years ago.” he said. ? He said that he _______ bought the house 10 years _______.
? ? ? ? ? ? 8. “Did you see her last week?” he said. He ______ ______ I had seen her the week _______. 9. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.” He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there 10. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?” He asked her mother ______ ______ ______ found it.


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