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九年级英语《宾语从句》课件

发布时间:2014-02-06 09:40:45  

表语从句:对主语进行解释说明。在复合句
中作主句的表语,常放在be动词的后面. 引导
词有连词that (that 不可省略), whether; 代

词有who, what ,which;副词 when ,where,
how, why ,as if, why, because 等.可以接表

语从句的系动词有be, look, remain, seem
等。另外, 常用的还有the reason why … is

that … 和It is because …等结构。

1). The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time. 2). This is why we can’t get the support of the people. 3). But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes. 4). The reason why he is late for school is that he missed the bus.

1. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ______ where I disagree. 2. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand ____ why they insist on going on motor-bike. 3. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _____ what I thought was a dangerous speed.

1. What I want to say is _____ you like best. a. that b. whether c. which

2. My problem is _____ I can’t make myself heard.
a. if b. what c. that d. whether

as if/though it is going to 3. It looks like rain=It looks ____________ rain. why he cannot come to school. 4. He was ill, that was _____

The Object Clause
宾语从句

(Revision)

宾语从句:
连词:that, whether,if, who, what, which, whoever, whatever, when, where, how, why.

1.

I wonder who you are.
I find it necessary that we should do the homework.

特殊宾语从句: 2. I’m interested in what you are saying.
介词后的宾语从句

3. I’m afraid (that) I have to go now.
某些形容词后如afraid, pleased surprised…

4. Provided that you had done it, what harm can you see in it? 非谓语动词或独立成分后

注意: 1.含有疑问词的宾语从句有时可转
变为:疑问词+ to do sth.(主句和从句的 主语必须一致) I asked the teacher how I should do it. I asked the teacher how to do it.

2. that 常可省略,但当从句是并列句时,第 二个分句前的that不能省略。 如: We believe (that) he is honest. I told him (that) I would come back soon. He said (that) he would go there the next day and that his family wouldn’t go there

3、否定转移 1) 将think, believe, suppose, expect, fancy, imagine等动词后面宾语从句的否定 词转移到主句中,即主句的谓语动词用否定 式,而从句的谓语动词用肯定式。 I don't think I know you.我想我并不认识你。 I don' t believe he will come.我相信他不来。 注意:若谓语动词为hope,宾语从句中的否定 词不能转移。 I hope you weren't ill. 我想你没有生病吧。

2) 将seem, appear 等后的从句的否定转移到 前面。 It doesn't seem that they know where to go. 看来他们不知道往哪去。 It doesn't appear that we'll have a sunny day tomorrow.看来我们明天不会碰上好天气。 3) 注意此类宾语从句的反义疑问句。 He does not think that she is b

eautiful, —?

I think you are right, —?

4、 it常可以放在动词think, find,

consider, believe, feel, make等后作为 形式宾语, 而真正的宾语从句则放在句 尾, 特别是在带复合宾语的句子中。 We heard it that she would get married next month.

Conjunction

连接词
Word order

that wh- question words if / whether
Conjunction+Subject+Predicate

语序
Tense

连接词+主语+谓语
a.主句现在时,从句根据句意 b.主句过去时,从句改成相应的 过去时

时态

that if / whether wh- question words

how he can do better. 1. He always thinks _______ (how, who)
that we shouldn’t 2. The teacher told us _______ waste water.( if, that) why he didn’t go 3. Wang Hai told me _______ cycling yesterday afternoon.(why, how) whether you will stay at 4. Could you tell me ________ home or not? (whether, if)

1. Could you tell me _____ Shanghai is famous for ? A. what B. where C. whether D. how 2. I’m not sure _______ her aunt has been to Paris. A. that B. if C. what D. where

3. He has just gone out. I don’t know ____he will come back. A. how long B. how often C. how fast D. how soon 4. He promised _______ he would take my advice. A. why B. how C. that D. whether

My brother will go to America. I know… I know that my brother will go to America. Did he buy any food yesterday? She asks… She asks if/whether he bought any food yesterday. ‘What’s the date today?’ He asks me… He asks me what the date is today.

1. What will I do next? I haven’t decided … I haven’t decided _______________________. what I will do next 2. Did you see him off yesterday? I want to know. I want to know if ___________________________. you saw him off yesterday 3. Who has got the first prize? Please tell me. Please tell me___________________________. who has got the first prize

joined 1. I know (that) he ______ (join) the League in 1985. playing 2. I see that they are _________ (play) football over there now. 3. Tell me where he ____ lives (live). will come 4.I hear that he_________ (come) tomorrow.

一 般 现 在 时 一 般 过 去 时

一 般 将 来 时 过 去 将 来 时

一 般 过 去 时 过 去 完 成 时

现 在 完 成 时 过 去 完 成 时

现 在 进 行 时 过 去 进 行 时

1. 从句表达的是客观真理, 用一般现在时 Light travels faster than sound. ( The teacher told us ….) The teacher told us that light travels faster than sound. 2.Could(Would) you… 表示语气婉转 who is he? (Could you tell me….) Could you tell me who he is?

改为宾语从句 Jack told me... He often goes sightseeing on holiday. Jack told me (that) he often went sightseeing on holiday.

改为宾语从句

The students wondered...
Will Miss Li be in charge of our class?

The students wondered if Miss Li would be in charge of our class.

改为宾语从句 He didn’t say… What did Father Christmas put in his stocking? He didn’t say what Father Christmas had put

in his stocking.

改为宾语从句

Did you remember…? Has he entered for the contest?
Did you remember whether he had entered for the contest?

改为宾语从句 We soon learned… They are having a picnic at nine o’clock in the morning. We soon learned they were having a picnic at nine o’clock in the morning.

More practice
1. He didn’t remember _____ his watch. A. where he had put B. where he has put B. where had he put C. where has he put 2. I don’t know ______ last night. A. why they didn’t go to the movies B. when they didn’t go to the movies C. why didn’t they go to the movie D. when didn’t they go to the movie 3. He asked me _____ during the winter holidays. A. where I had gone B. where I had been C. where had I gone D. where had I been

4. Will you please tell me ______. A. where Pudong Airport is B. how far Pudong Airport was C. how can we go to Pudong Airport D. when was Pudong Airport built 5. I’d like to know ______. A. when will he give back the tape B. whether has he received higher education C. that he has been busy D. whether she will join in our English Evening

6. Our class teacher asked the monitor______. A. why didn’t Bill come to school B. why doesn’t Bill come to school C. why Bill didn’t come to school D. why Bill doesn’t come to school

7. The boy asked his mother, “Does the earth turn round the sun?” if/whether the The boy asked his mother _________ turns around the sun. earth ________

8. Jack’s mother asked him, “Have you packed your thing?” if/whether he _____ had Jack’s mother asked him _________ packed his thing

9. She didn’t know which she should choose.

to choose she didn’t knowwhich _____ _____ _____.
10. Tell me where I can find him.

where to find Tell me _____ _____ ______ him.
11. Please tell us what we should do.

to do Please tell us what ____ ____ ____ next.

1.John comes every Wednesday. ( I know … )

2. Is Mary in the office? ( I asked… )
3. Whose answer is right?

(Can you tell me …. )
4. She can answer the question. ( I don’t think….)

5. Does Mr Brown live in that house?

( Could you tell us…)
6. What did he say? ( I didn’t hear…) 7. He will come on time. (I believe…) 8. Did he work out the problem

himself? ( I wonder …. )

9. What are they listening to? ( Did you know….)

10. She is feeling much better.
(Grandma said…..)

11. Will he be able to join us?
( I asked….) 12. How can I get to your school? ( I didn’t know…. )

13. What’s wrong with you? ( I wanted to know…..)

14. Why was the train late?
( Could you tell me….)

15. Why didn’t they go to the cinema? ( She asked me…. ) 16. The earth goes around the sun. ( The teacher told us….)

will be 1. The radio says it _________ cloudy tomorrow. (be) goes well. (go) 2. The headmaster hopes everything ______

3. Tom says that they ____________ were playing (play) basketball at six o’clock yesterday evening. 4. I hear they have __________ returned (re

turn) it already.
had been members of the Party since 5. He said that they _________ 1948. (be) were doing at eight last night. (do) 6. He asked what they __________ travels faster than 7. The teacher told his class that light _______ sound. (travel) are talking about the relay race now. (talk) 8. I think you __________ were 9. I didn’t know whom the letters _________ from. (be)

wrote the letter. 10. I didn’t know what time he _______

(write)
moves 11. Miss Wang told me that the earth ______(move)

round the earth.
has taken away the book 12. Could you tell me who _________

already? (take)
has been to Beijing several 13. Ling Fen told me he _________ times. (be) rises 14. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______ in the

east. (rise)
did 15. Can you tell me what they ______ yesterday? (do)

将下列句子合并为一句:
1. Where do they stop on the way? I asked. I asked where they stopped on the way. 2. What will you speak at the meeting? Could you tell me? Could you tell me what you will speak at the meeting? 3. Do they like to make friends with us? He asked. He asked if they liked to make friends with them. 4. “ I am doing my homework.” He said.

He said that he was doing his homework.
5. “I will come back.” Tom said. Tom said that he would come back. 6. “Is he doing his homework?” Jim asked. Jim asked if he was doing his homework.

7. “When will he come back?” Tom asked.
Tom asked when he would come back.

8. “How can I get to the station?” Could you tell me?
Could you tell me how I can get to the station?

9. “Why is the train late?” Would you tell me?
Would you tell me why the train is late?

10. “Where is Tom?” They asked.
They asked where Tom was.

改错。 1. He said the text was very important and we should learn it by heart. that 2. My worry is that he can get there on time. whether 3. The reason why he failed was because he that hadn’t studied hard. 4. What we need are time. is 5. Here are two books. You can take whatever you want. whichever

用宾语从句或表语从句翻译下列句子。
1. 老师说月亮绕着地球转。 The teacher said that the moon goes around the earth. 2. 他们都在担心是否能按时到达那里。

They are all worrying about
whether they can get there on time.

3. 我觉得他们按时完成自己的任务是很 重要的。 I think it is important for them to finish their own task on time. 4. 问题是这本书是否有读的价值。 The question is whether the book is worth reading.

5. 我不知道汤姆今天早上为什么没来。 I don’t know why Tom didn’t come this morning. 6. 我的意见是你不应单独前往。 My opinion is that you should not go alone. 7. 今日的中国不再是过去的中国了。 China today is no longer what she used to be.

8. 那是因为他没有理解我。
That’s because he didn’t understand me. 9. 我的建议是我们明天一早就出发。 My suggestion is that we (should) start early tomorrow

morning. 10. 谁知道将来会发生什么?

Who knows what will happen in the
future?

用适当的词填空,使下列宾语从句和表 语从句意思完整。 1. He told me __________ he would go that / 不填 to college the next year. if__________ / whether there will 2. I don’t know be a bus. 3. I really don’t know ___________ you whom / who should depend on if you don’t depend on your parents.

4. He didn’t tell me _______ he would when come back from Shanghai next time. 5. Let me know which _______ train you’ll be arriving on. 6. Can you work outhow ______ much we will spend during the trip?

7. Make surethat _____ there are no
mistakes in your papers before you

turn them in.

that we take 8. We think it necessary _____ plenty of hot water every day.

9. Tom is very lazy. That is ____ why he
didn’t pass the exam. 10. This is ___________ where / how we found the strange trees. 11. My idea is _____ that we should all do our best to do everything well.

12. It looked _____ as if he had understood
this question.

13. The reason why I was sad was that he didn’t understand me. _____ 14. His first question was _______ whether Mr.
Smith had arrived or not. 15. We all find it important ____ that we (should) make a quick decision about this matter.

直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系
陈述句变为that引导的宾语从句
e.g. 1. He said, “You are younger than I ”. He said that I was younger than him.

2.

He says, “Tom is a good student ”.
He says that Tom is a good student.

直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系

一般疑问句变为if (whether)引导的宾语从句
e.g.
1. She said, “ Do you often come here to read newspaper? ”
She asked if (whether) I often came here to read newspaper.

2.

“Will they go to visit the Great Wall?” he asked.
He asked if (whether) they would go visit the Great Wall.

直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系
特殊疑问句变为who, what, when等引导的宾语从句 e.g.

1.

He asked, “Where do you live?”
He asked where I lived.

2.

“How can we get to the post-office?” he asked. He asked how they could get to the post-office.

注:that 在句中无词汇意义,在从句中不能充当成分,
在口语当中往往省略 e.g.
he will be back in an hour (一小时后他会回来) 1. I hear (that) _______________________. he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. (他非常想念我们) the earth moves around the sun 3. The teacher told us (that) ___________________________.
(地球围着太阳转)

由从属连词whether, if 引导的宾语从句

e.g. if (whether) he will go to the park with us 1. I want to know __________________________________.
(他是否跟我们一起去公园)

(if) he can come . (他是否能来) 2. Ask him whether _____________________ whether it is going to rain or not (是否要下雨) 3. I don’t know ___________________________. 当

句末为or not时,引导词只能用whether而不能用if.

由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句
who could answer the question (谁能回答这个问题) 1. He asked __________________________. whom they are waiting for 2. Do you know_________________________. (他们在等谁) handwriting was the best in the class 3. He asked whose __________________________________.
(谁的书法是班上最好的)
※5.

Do you know _______________.(地球和月亮,哪一个比较小)

when we’ll have a meeting (我们什么时候开会) 6. Please tell me _______________________. where he is 7. Can you tell me _______________. (他在哪儿)
how I can get to the station (我该怎么去车站) 8. Could you tell me ______________________. why the train is late(为什么火车迟到了) 9. Would you tell me _________________

More practice
1. He didn’t remember _____ his watch. A. where he had put B. where he has put B. where had he put C. where has he put 2. I don’t know ______ last night. A. why they didn’t go to the movies B. when they didn’t go to the movies C. why didn’t they go to the movie D. when didn’t they go to the movie 3. He asked me _____ during the winter holidays. A. where I had gone B. where I had been C. where had I gone D. where had I been

4. Will you please tell me ______. A. where Pudong Airport is B. how far Pudong Airport was C. how can we go to Pudong Airport D. when was Pudong Airport built 5. I’d like to know ______. A. when will he give back the tape B. whether has he received higher education C. that he has been busy D. whether she will join in our English Evening

6. Our class teacher asked the monitor______. A. why didn’t Bill come to school B. why doesn’t Bill come to school C. why Bill didn’t come to school D. why Bill doesn’t come to school

7. The boy asked his mother, “Does the earth turn round the sun?” if/whether the The boy asked his mother _________ turns around the sun. earth ________

8. Jack’s mother asked him, “Have you packed your thing?” if/whether he _____ had Jack’s mother asked him _________ packed his thing

9. She didn’t know which she should choose.

to choose she didn’t knowwhich _____ _____ _____.
10. Tell me where I can find him.

where to find Tell me _____ _____ ______ him.
11. Please tell us what we should do.

to do Please tell us what ____ ____ ____ next.

1.John comes every Wednesday. ( I know … )

2. Is Mary in the office? ( I asked… )
3. Whose answer is right?

(Can you tell me …. )
4. She can answer the question. ( I don’t think….)

5. Does Mr Brown live in that house?

( Could you tell us…)
6. What did he say? ( I didn’t hear…) 7. He will come on time. (I believe…) 8. Did he work out the problem

himself? ( I wonder …. )

9. What are they listening to? ( Did you know….)

10. She is feeling much better.
(Grandma said…..)

11. Wi

ll he be able to join us?
( I asked….) 12. How can I get to your school? ( I didn’t know…. )

13. What’s wrong with you? ( I wanted to know…..)

14. Why was the train late?
( Could you tell me….)

15. Why didn’t they go to the cinema? ( She asked me…. ) 16. The earth goes around the sun. ( The teacher told us….)


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