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Is there a post office知识点

发布时间:2014-02-06 10:42:02  

Unit 10 is there a post office near here? 一:词组

1.post office邮局 2.police station警察局

3.pay phone付电话费 4.on Bridge Street在大桥街上 5.across from 在……的对面 6.next to在……的旁边

7.between the post office and the library 在邮局和图书馆之间 8.in front of在……前面

二:知识解析

1.there be 句型的用法

(1)there be 句型表示“某地有某物”, 其结构为:“There be + 某物/ 人 + 某地”, There is a/an...... near here. There is a hotel near here.

(2)否定句是把not放在be 之后, some 变any There isn't a hotel near here

There is a map on the wall(否定句) _____ _____ a map on the wall.

There are some apples on the table(否定句) There_____ ____apples on the street.

(3)疑问句是把be提到句首。 其回答为:

Yes, there is/are. 或No, there isn’t/aren’t. Is there a post office near here? Yes ,there is .No, there isn't 练习:

There is a park near here(一般疑问句) ______ _______ a park near here?

(4)there be 复数句型,a 变some, Some变any

There is a book near here

There are some books near here There aren't any books near here. Are there any books near here? (4)但there be 句型里有两个或多个并列主语时, be就近一致原则 There ____ a bike under the tree.

There_____ some bikes under the tree.

There____ an apple and two oranges on the table. There _____two pens and a ruler near here. There ______some juice in the cup.

习惯上和最靠近的那个在数上保持一致。

练习题翻译句子: There be 肯定句

There is +a/an +n+介词短语 There are+some n(s)+介词短语 有 某物 在某地 (1)桌子下面有一本书 (2)在书橱里有一些书 (3)在地上有一个篮球 (4)在椅子旁边有一些篮球 (5)在门的后面有一个书包 (6)在小汽车旁边有一些小孩 There be 否定句

There isn't a/an+n+介词短语

There aren't any+n(s)+介词短语 没有 某物 在某地 (1)在桌子上没有手表 (2)在书包里没有一些字典 3)在附近没有邮局

4)在超市的对面没有饭馆 (5)在大街上没有银行 一般疑问句:

Is there +a/an+n+介词短语? Are there +any+n(s)+介词短语? 有 某物 在某地吗

(1)在图书馆旁边有一个投币电话吗? (2)在大街上有一家超市吗 (3)在你家附近有宾馆吗 (4)在宾馆对面有银行吗? (5)在邮局旁边有饭馆吗

练习题:

(1)There are some CDs on the desk. (改否定句)

(2) There is a teacher in the classroom. (改一般疑问句,并否定回答)

(3) She has an eraser. (改一般疑问句, 并肯定回答)

2. where 引导的特殊疑问句

where是特殊疑问词, 含有“哪里, 某地”的意思。 一般用来询问地点。where 引导疑问句时, 主谓 要求倒装, 且助动词必须与后面的主语保持一致。

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Where’s the park ? It’s on Center Street. Where are the books ? They are on the desk. 根据划线部分提问。

(2)the park is ____on Greet street___________. _____ _____the park?

三知识点航:

1. across from 意为“在……对面”

The bank is ____ _____ our school. 银行就在我们学校对面。

We live _______ _______ the street. 我们住在街道的对面。

across 作介词,意为“从一边到另一边;横过”。 Can you swim _______the river? 你能游过这条河吗?

2. between 介词, 表示“在……中间”, 常与and 连接, 构成短语。例如:

I sit between Lucy and Lily. 我坐在露西和莉莉中间。

Tony sits_____Mike and me 托尼坐在麦克和我之间 3. in front of 意为“在……前面”(在某范围之外) in the front of “在……前面”(在某范围之内) There is a car _____ _____ ______ the house. 在房子前一辆小汽车。

There is a table ____ _____ _____ ____the classroom. 在教室的前面有一张桌子。

(2). in front of… 在……的前面反义词 behind 邮局前 _______ the post office 邮局后_______ the post office

Linda is behind Cindy(同义句) Cindy is______ ______ ____Linda.

3. next to 意为“紧靠着;紧挨着;贴近”

The little boy is_____ _____ his mother.小男孩紧挨着他的母亲。

next to与near的区别

从空间讲near 只表示“在……附近”;而next to有“紧挨着”之意;next to比near靠的更近。

Peter sits ______ _______Mike. 彼特紧挨着迈克坐。

Peter sits_____Tom. 彼特坐在汤姆附近。 4. Excuse me.打扰了,请问。

常用来表示打扰他人、不同意、迫不得已而失礼 时的道歉。例如:

______ ______, may I borrow a pen, please ? 请问,可以借支钢笔吗?

_______,I don't have one 对不起,我没有。

______ ______, which is the way to the bus stop ? 对不起, 请问汽车站怎么走?

5. How can I help you? 需要我帮忙吗?

表示向他人伸出援手,主动提出帮助的意思,此句还可说成:How can I help you?或How may I help you? 6. I’m new in town. 我新来此地。

town 表示 所居住的地方或城市里的闹市区; 城里, 为不可数名词。

There is only one school in _____ _______在我的镇上只有一个学校

7. You’re welcome. 不客气, 不用谢。这是当对方道谢时的回答语。

You’re 是You are 的缩略形式。例如: --Thank you very much. --You are welcome. 练习题:

1. 图书馆在邮局的对面。

The library is ______ _____ the ____ ______.

2. 在公园附近有餐馆吗?

Is _____ a restaurant _____ the _____? 3. 紧挨着银行有一家旅馆。

There __ a hotel _____ ____ the bank.

Section B 一:词组

1. go along :沿着……走 2. turn right:往右转

3. turn left: 往左转 4.on one’s left在某人的左边

5.at the first crossing 在第一个十字路口 6.turn right/left at the +序数词+crossing. 在第几个十字路口向右/左转。7.on the right在右边 8.clothes store: 衣服店 9.in my neighborhood在我的附近;邻近 10.spend+时间/金钱+on. Spend time 共度时间 花费时间/金钱在…… 11.watch sb. doing观看某人正在做某事 12.look like 看起来像 13.enjoy doing 喜欢做某事 二:知识点 1 There is a zoo in my neighborhood.我家附近有一

个公园

neighborhood 意为“附近;附近地区;街坊”

我的街坊们都很友好。 My __________ are friendly.

in the neighborhood 在附近 =near here e.g. 在附近有一家中国餐馆。

There is a Chinese restaurant____________.

2. I like to spend time there on weekends.我喜欢周末在这里度过

spend 花费(时间、金钱等)。

周末我喜欢和家人共度时光

I like to_____ ______ with my family on weekend

1) spend + (时间、金钱) + on sth. = it takes time to do. e.g. 杰克每天花很多时间做作业。

Jack______ a lot of time _____his homework. 我通常花费一个小时做作业

I usually______one hour _____ my homework.

It takes(花费) him a lot of time to do his homework (同义句)

He____ a lot of time____his homework 2) spend + (时间、金钱) + doing sth. e.g. 我妹妹每天花很多时间读书。

My sister _______much time______ books. 我通常花费一小时做作业

I usually _____one hour ______ my homework. 3.I love to watch the monkeys climbing around. 我喜欢看猴子到处爬。

watch sb doing sth 观看某人正在做某事

4. They look like my friends and me when we fight! .look like 看起来像

Jack _____ _____his father 捷克长得像爸爸

5. To get there, I usually walk out and turn right on Bridge Road.

这是英语行文的一种方式,在句子开头用to do…短语,并用逗号将其与句子的主体部分隔开,相当于汉语“(若)要做……的话”。

e.g. To listen to world news, please key in “1”. 若要收听国际新闻,请键入“1”。 6The best things in life are free! free “免费的”

这些书都是免费的。 These books _____ ______ free 空闲的;(反义词)busy 格林先生本周不忙。

Mr. Green isn’t_____ this week. Mr. Green is _____ this week.

How much is the hamburger? We don’t need your money.It’s_____ A busy B right C free

7 To get to the park, you just have to cross Center Street. to get to the park 是目的状语前置,此句子中的just起增强语气的作用,

和此处的have to表示“只要,仅需”。 8. It is very quiet and I enjoy reading there.

enjoy 表示“从中得到乐趣;欣赏;喜欢”, 即enjoy doing,…,表示喜欢做某事,享受做某事带来的乐趣。

e.g. I _____ ______ to soft music. 我喜欢听轻柔的音乐。

9.You can get to the library easily. 你很容易就能到达图书馆。

.easily 容易地;轻松地 修饰动词

公共汽车站离这里很近,你能很容易地找到。 The bus stop is not far from here. You can find it ______.

10. money 是不可数名词, 作单数看 e.g. 钱是重要的,但并不是一切。

______ is important, but it isn’t everything.

练习

完成句子:

1.你不可以在这左拐

You can’t _____ _____ here.

2我爷爷擅长下象棋

My grandfather is____ _____ -____Chinese chess 5tina走在我的右边

Tina walks ____ _____ _____

完成句子

3Jack is good at English(同义句)

Jack _____ ____ ____English

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