go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山 go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去
most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给……的感觉；感受到 go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为 one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶
find out找出；查明 go on继续 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来 take photos照相
buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 taste + adj. 尝起来…… seem+（to be）+ adj. 看起来…… keep doing sth.继续做某事
arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地 tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人（不要）做某事 try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 decide to do sth.决定去做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事 enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢？ so+adj.+that 如此……以至于…… look+adj. 看起来…… start doing sth.开始做某事
二、be的一般过去时：学习动词be的一般过去时，下面有一口诀，它可以帮你们更好地掌 握动词be的一般过去时。 be的过去时有四巧：
( )1． My father＿＿＿＿＿＿ill yesterday．
A． isn't B． aren't C． wasn't D． weren't
( )2． ＿＿＿＿＿＿your parents at home last week﹖
A． Is B． Was C． Are D． Were
( )3． The twins＿＿＿＿＿＿in Dalian last year． They＿＿＿＿＿＿here now．
A． are; were B． were; are C． was; are D． were; was
( )4． ＿＿＿＿＿＿
A． Was; before B． Is; before C． Was; after D． Is; after
( )5． —Who was on duty last Friday﹖
A． I am B． I was C． Yes, I was D． No, I wasn't
( )6. I cleaned my classroom ___________.
【二巧】形式巧。它与一般现在时一样，形式多样：当主语是第一人称单数或第三人称单 数时，谓语动词用was；主语是第二人称或其他人称复数时，谓语动词用were。 例如： I was in the classroom yesterday morning． 昨天早上我在教室里。 He was at school last Tuesday． 上周二他在学校。
They were over there a moment ago． 刚才他们在那边。
句，并且was, were与not可以缩写成wasn't, weren't。即：
主语 ＋ wasn't／ weren't ＋ 表语 ＋ 其他。例如：
I was not (＝wasn't) here yesterday． 昨天我不在这儿。
My parents were not (＝weren't) at home last Sunday． 上周日我父母不在家。
【四巧】 疑问句式巧。把was, were提到句首，句末用问号即可变为一般疑问句。即： Was(Were) ＋ 主语 ＋表语 ＋ 其他？这恰巧与动词be的一般现在时的疑问句 式相似。例如： Were you at home the day before yesterday﹖ 前天你在家吗？ Was she late this morning﹖今天早上她迟到了吗？
更巧的是疑问句的答语也相似，肯定回答用“Yes, 主语＋was／were．”； 否定回答用“No,主语＋wasn't／weren't．”。
例如：—Were Wei Hua and Han Mei here just now﹖ 刚才魏华和韩梅在这儿吗？ —Yes, they were． (No, they weren't．) 是的，她们在。（不，她们不在。）
1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.
2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.
3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?
He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.
4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.
5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.
She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.
6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.
7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.
8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.
9. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.
10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.
( )1. — How ________you ________your summer vacation? — I visited Xi’an.
A. do，spend B. did，spend C. did，spent
( )2.________did you go on vacation?
A. Where B. What C. Who
( )3. There ________a small boy ________in the comer，and I helped him find his mother.
A. was，crying B. is，cry C. was，cries
( )4. Can you help me ________a taxi?
A. look B. give C. find
( )5. Do you want ________the music club?
A. join B. joining C. to join
( )6. What did they decide ________then?
A. do B. to do C. doing
( )7. We had great fun ________in the water.
A. play B. played C. playing
( )8. That was too expensive，________I decided not to buy.
A. because B. so C. if
( )9. I didn’t have ________money for a taxi， ________I have to walk home.
A. many， because B. any， so C. some， so
( )10. Where ________you ________yesterday?
A. do，go B. did，go C. did，went D. was，go
( )11. There ________a heavy rain last night.
A. is B. are C. was D. were
( )12. I ________you yesterday afternoon，but you ________at home.
A. call，aren’t B. am calling，aren’t C. called，were D. called，weren’t
( )13. I didn’t really enjoy it，________the shops were too crowded.
A. so B. because C. but D. or
( )14. Mom often tells me ________computer games too much.
A. not play B. not to play C. not playing D. a play
( )15. We had great fun ________the volleyball match .
A. watch B. watched C. watches D. watching
Molly spent her summer vacation in China with her parents last year. They visited a lot of famous ___1___, such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. She ___2___ Beijing for a week. She ___3___ the Palace Museum, the Great Wall, Tian’an Men Square ___4___ the Summer Palace. They ___5___ went to the zoos and the parks.___6___ was cloudy, but not rainy, so it ___7___ not too hot. They ___8___ great fun playing in the zoos and the parks. Molly learnt a lot ___9___ Chinese history. She said, “It is interesting to visit China. I ___10___ China very much.”
( ) 1. A. parks B. gardens C. cities D. countries
( ) 2. A. stayed B. stayed in C. lived D. lived at
( ) 3. A. made B. cried C. felt D. visited
( ) 4. A. and B.Or C. But D. until
( ) 5. A. too B. either C. so D. also
( ) 6. A. It B. This C. That D. They
( ) 7. A. is B. are C. were D. was
( ) 8. A. have B. did C. had D. do
( ) 9. A. about B. at C. for D. in
( ) 10. A. hope B. visit C. like D. decide