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专题一 一般过去时

发布时间:2014-02-06 10:42:04  

万川教育·博学堂

专题一 过去时

一、重点短语

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山 go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去

most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给……的感觉;感受到 go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为 one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶

find out找出;查明 go on继续 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来 take photos照相

二、句型集萃

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 taste + adj. 尝起来…… seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来…… keep doing sth.继续做某事

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地 tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 decide to do sth.决定去做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事 enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢? so+adj.+that 如此……以至于…… look+adj. 看起来…… start doing sth.开始做某事

一般过去时详解

一、巧记一般过去时:

动词一般过去时,表示过去发生的事;be用was或用were, have,has变had;

谓语动词过去式,过去时间作标志;一般动词加-ed,若是特殊得硬记。

否定句很简单,主语之后didn’t添;

疑问句也不难,did放在主语前; 不含

be

如果谓语之前有did,谓语动词需还原;

动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。 含be

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万川教育·博学堂

疑问句也不难,要把was,were放在主语前。

二、be的一般过去时:学习动词be的一般过去时,下面有一口诀,它可以帮你们更好地掌 握动词be的一般过去时。 be的过去时有四巧:

一是时间状语巧, 表示过去的短语要记牢;

二是形式巧,单数was,复数were;

三巧是否定句结构,not紧跟was/were;

四是疑问句式巧,was/were向前跑(提前)。

同步演练

( )1. My father______ill yesterday.

A. isn't B. aren't C. wasn't D. weren't

( )2. ______your parents at home last week﹖

A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were

( )3. The twins______in Dalian last year. They______here now.

A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was

( )4. ______

A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after

( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖

—______.

A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't

( )6. I cleaned my classroom ___________.

【一巧】时间状语(即标志词)巧。一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,恰巧 与表示过去的一些时间状语连用。

【二巧】形式巧。它与一般现在时一样,形式多样:当主语是第一人称单数或第三人称单 数时,谓语动词用was;主语是第二人称或其他人称复数时,谓语动词用were。 例如: I was in the classroom yesterday morning. 昨天早上我在教室里。 He was at school last Tuesday. 上周二他在学校。

They were over there a moment ago. 刚才他们在那边。

【三巧】否定句结构巧。与动词be的一般现在时一样,它在动词后面加not即可变成否定

句,并且was, were与not可以缩写成wasn't, weren't。即:

主语 + wasn't/ weren't + 表语 + 其他。例如:

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万川教育·博学堂

I was not (=wasn't) here yesterday. 昨天我不在这儿。

My parents were not (=weren't) at home last Sunday. 上周日我父母不在家。

【四巧】 疑问句式巧。把was, were提到句首,句末用问号即可变为一般疑问句。即: Was(Were) + 主语 +表语 + 其他?这恰巧与动词be的一般现在时的疑问句 式相似。例如: Were you at home the day before yesterday﹖ 前天你在家吗? Was she late this morning﹖今天早上她迟到了吗?

更巧的是疑问句的答语也相似,肯定回答用“Yes, 主语+was/were.”; 否定回答用“No,主语+wasn't/weren't.”。

例如:—Were Wei Hua and Han Mei here just now﹖ 刚才魏华和韩梅在这儿吗? —Yes, they were. (No, they weren't.) 是的,她们在。(不,她们不在。)

一、用正确动词形式填空。(10)

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.

8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.

9. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

一、选择填空

( )1. — How ________you ________your summer vacation? — I visited Xi’an.

A. do,spend B. did,spend C. did,spent

( )2.________did you go on vacation?

A. Where B. What C. Who

( )3. There ________a small boy ________in the comer,and I helped him find his mother.

A. was,crying B. is,cry C. was,cries

( )4. Can you help me ________a taxi?

A. look B. give C. find

( )5. Do you want ________the music club?

A. join B. joining C. to join

( )6. What did they decide ________then?

A. do B. to do C. doing

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万川教育·博学堂

( )7. We had great fun ________in the water.

A. play B. played C. playing

( )8. That was too expensive,________I decided not to buy.

A. because B. so C. if

( )9. I didn’t have ________money for a taxi, ________I have to walk home.

A. many, because B. any, so C. some, so

( )10. Where ________you ________yesterday?

A. do,go B. did,go C. did,went D. was,go

( )11. There ________a heavy rain last night.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

( )12. I ________you yesterday afternoon,but you ________at home.

A. call,aren’t B. am calling,aren’t C. called,were D. called,weren’t

( )13. I didn’t really enjoy it,________the shops were too crowded.

A. so B. because C. but D. or

( )14. Mom often tells me ________computer games too much.

A. not play B. not to play C. not playing D. a play

( )15. We had great fun ________the volleyball match .

A. watch B. watched C. watches D. watching

四、完形填空

Molly spent her summer vacation in China with her parents last year. They visited a lot of famous ___1___, such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. She ___2___ Beijing for a week. She ___3___ the Palace Museum, the Great Wall, Tian’an Men Square ___4___ the Summer Palace. They ___5___ went to the zoos and the parks.___6___ was cloudy, but not rainy, so it ___7___ not too hot. They ___8___ great fun playing in the zoos and the parks. Molly learnt a lot ___9___ Chinese history. She said, “It is interesting to visit China. I ___10___ China very much.”

( ) 1. A. parks B. gardens C. cities D. countries

( ) 2. A. stayed B. stayed in C. lived D. lived at

( ) 3. A. made B. cried C. felt D. visited

( ) 4. A. and B.Or C. But D. until

( ) 5. A. too B. either C. so D. also

( ) 6. A. It B. This C. That D. They

( ) 7. A. is B. are C. were D. was

( ) 8. A. have B. did C. had D. do

( ) 9. A. about B. at C. for D. in

( ) 10. A. hope B. visit C. like D. decide

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