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新目标英语七年级上册语法知识总结与练习

发布时间:2014-02-06 11:50:15  

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

新目标英语七年级上册语法知识总结与练习

一.代词 (pron.)

(一) 翻译成英语:

1.我是_______________ 2.我父母________________ 3.你可以______________

4.你的电话号码______________5. 谢谢你_____________6. 他有________________

7.他的姓氏_____________ 8. 听他说_____________ 9. 她喜欢它。____________

10.她全家照______________ 11.帮助她____________ 12. 它吃________________

13.它名字______________14.看见它____________ 15.我们想要____________

16.我们最喜爱的水果_____________________ 17.加入我们_________

18. 他们唱歌___________ 19.他们旧电脑_______________20.画出它们__________

(二) 选词填空:

1. What’s ________ name? (you / your ) _________ name is Bob. ( My / I / me)

2. _________ erasers are in ________drawer. (her / she / Her / She)

3. Can ________(you / your ) do _______ (you / your ) homework?

4. ___________ is a cat. ________ name is Mimi. ( it / its / It / Its )

5. _________ brother can speak Japanese. (He’s / His / He )

6. Please take _________ keys to school. __________ are on the table. ( they / their / them / They / Their / Them )

7. __________ is thirteen years old. __________ birthday is March 1st. (He / His / Him)

8. __________ favorite vegetable is tomato. (her / she / Her / She)

9. Can you help ______ ?( we / us / our) Please take ______ to school. ( they / their / them)

10. _________ can’t see _________baseball. It’s behind _________.( My / I / me / my )

(三)完成句子:

1. A: What’s this / that ? B: _________ is a dresser.

A: How do you spell _________ , please ? B: D-R-E-S-S-E-R.

2. A: What are these / those ? B: _________ are tomatoes.

3. A: Does Cindy like salad? B: No, _________doesn’t.

4. A: How much are his shoes? B: _________ are 100 dollars.

5. A: Is Alan your friend? B: Yes, _________ is.

6. A: Do you have a soccer ball? B: Yes, _________ do.

7. A: Who is that girl? B: _________ is Jack’s sister.’

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

8. This is David and this is Tim. _________ are our friends. We often help _________ . 9. Those are strawberries. Sally likes _________. 10. The pants are nice. I’ll take _________.

二. 名词的格:

(1) 有生命的东西的名词所有格:

Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车

e)要表示所有物不是共有的,应分别在并列名词后加’s Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的小汽车

(2)表示无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词”来表示所有关系:如: a picture of the classroom a map of China

翻译:

1. 汤姆的背包________________ 2. 我朋友的生日聚会__________________ 3. 他们父母亲的房间____________ 4. 露西和莉莉家的书橱_________________________ 5. 一张吉姆家的全家照___________________ 6. 一幅中国地图_______________ 7.一本英语字典_________________________

三.冠词

an egg /

an apple / an answer / an actor / an address / an opera / an interesting book / an art lesson /

an orange / an ID card / an actress / an event / an hour an exciting sport / an eraser / an alarm clock / an e-mail / an example / an old man / an action movie /

the egg the plane 2. 用法:

定冠词的用法:

(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk. (2)复述上文提到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new. (3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at school. (4)在序数词前: John’s birthday is February the second.

(5)用于固定词组中: in the morning / afternoon / evening 不用冠词的情况:

(1)专有名词前:China is a big country.

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:This is my baseball.

(3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

(6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

* 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

(7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.

(8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li (9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

Exercises:

一.填空:(在有必要的地方填上冠词,不填的划 “/ ”)

1. What’s this? It’s _____ clock

2. What’s that? It’s _____ alarm clock.

3. What is it? It’s _____ w.

4. What color is the jacket? It’s _____ orange. It’s _____ orange jacket.

5.Jim’s mother is _____ Mrs Green. She is _____ teacher.

6. Those pens are in _____ pencil case. 7. Here’s _____ interesting family photo.

8.When does Lily go to _____ bed in _____ evening?

9. _____ “h”, _____ “o” and _____ “w” are in the word “how”. 10.Where is _____ bag? It’s under _____ table.

11.I often go to _____ school at _____ 7:00. 12.Take _____ things to _____ your brother.

13. Do you want to see _____ action movie? No, I want to play _____chess.

14.When’s his sister’s birthday? It’s _____ April _____ eleventh.

15.Does Bill like _____hamburgers? No, he doesn’t.

16. A: Let’s play _____ soccer. B: I don’t have _____ soccer ball.

A: Well, let’s play _____ drums. B: That sounds good.

17. Do you have _____ Art Festival at your school? Yes, we do.

18. When do people usually eat _____ breakfast? They usually eat _____ it in _____ evening.

19. Rick often goes to see _____ Beijing Opera _____ weekends.

20. Can Tom play _____ piano? Yes, he can.Can he play _____ it well? No, he can’t.

时态复习

一、一般现在时

1、Be 动词的一般现在时

Be动词要根据句中主语的人称和数而变化。

它有三种形式:am, is , are。I跟am,you跟are,is连着he,she,it。单数is,复数are。

I am a teacher. My brother is at school. Lucy and Lily are in Class One, Grade Two.

You are a good boy.

2、 实义动词的一般现在时

一个动作经常反复地发生,就用一般现在时。

第三人称单数(he, she , it, Tom等)作主语,谓语动词要加 ″s″ 或 ″es″,

但当句中出现does, doesn’t要用原型其它人称用原型。如:

They get up at six o’clock.

He goes to school at seven- thirty .

附:动词第三人称单数的构成规则xkb1.com

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

1)一般情况下加s get—gets like---likes

2)以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾的加es: watch---watches go---goes do---does

3)以辅音字母加y结尾的,改y为i,加es carry---carrie

二、情态动词can

情态动词(can, may, must )后动词用原形。如:

I can play the guitar. He can play the violin. 注意:play chess中间不加the

三、几个动词的用法:

1、let后用动词原形 Let’s play soccer.

2、like及介词后动词用ing形式, 如:be good at swimming, help kids with singing,

like playing basketball, What about playing tennis?

3、want加 to 再加原形

4、help +人+动词原形

help+人+with sth /doing sth.

5、Like/love to +动词原形 ;

like/love +动词ing ;

like/love + sth(直接跟名词).

Exercises:

二、完成句子。

1.I _________ (know) the boy.

2. They __________(go) to work on Saturdays.

3.He usually _____________(come) to school early.

4.I often _____________(have) rice, meat and vegetables.

5.My grandfather _____________(play) sports in the park.

6.Miss Li ____________(teach) English in our school.

7.The students of Class Four ___________(sing) a song on Monday.

8.Alicia and Jerry ______________ (do) homework after school.

9.We _____________(take) a shower in the evening.

10. Her sister ____________(have) Chinese every day.

11.__________ you __________( have) a soccer ball﹖

12. Mary _______________ (not come) from America.

She ___________(come) from Britain.

13. I ____________ ( not ,like) playing computer games.

14.______________Tom and his brother _____________(study) in Beijing?

15. __________ Your brother ___________(have) a son?

三 动词填空。

1、Who helps you ____________(look) after your daughter at home?

2、The child is good at ____________(play) chess.

3、What about ______________(go) to the shop?

5 Bob likes ______________(watch) TV.

6 Can you help kids with _____________(swim)?

7 Let’s _____________( sing) an English song.

8 I want ____________(join) the soccer club.

10 John often helps his mother___________(do) the housework.

11 . Who ______________ ( teach ) English in your school ?

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结 12 . May I _____________(know) your address?

13 . ___________(be) you twelve?

15 . Her mother is good at _____________ ( make ) cakes .

17 .Who _________(be) your English teacher?.

18 . My father ___________ ( go ) to bed at 10:00 every evening .

19.He alway_______(help)her mother,

20.Lily and Tom _______(do)their home work at 7:00 everyday.

21. __________your mother _________(have) a baseball bat?

22._________Jim and Tom _________(like) hamburgers?

23. What kind of movies ________your grandfather ___________(want) to see?

24. Where _______(be) the two volleyballs?

25. That _____ (be ) is his family photo.

27. He can ____________(do) Chinese Kung fu.

28. What time _________Mr. Brown ___________(take) a shower?

29. Mrs Jones ___________(watch) TV on weekends.

30. __________(be) your sisters in the bedroom?

句型复习

Ⅰ 句型结构

1、肯定句:主语+be(am/is/are)+? I am Lynn.

主语+can+动词原形+? She can play the trumpet.

动词原形 I like to listen to music.

主语+ +其他?

动词第三人称单形式 She likes to play the guitar very much.

2、否定句:主语+be(am/is/are)+not+? I am not 14.

主语+can’t+动词原形+? They can’t swim.

主语+don’t(doesn’t)+动词原形+? My sister doesn’t play sports.

3、一般问句〈1〉be(am/is/are)+主语+?? Are you Lin?

Yes,+主语+ be No,+主语+be not.

〈2〉Can+主语+动词原形+?? Can you paint?

Yes,主语+can No,主语+can’t

〈3〉Do/Does+主语+动词原形+?? Do you want to join the dancing club ?

Yes,主语+do/does No,主语+don’t/doesn’t

4、特殊疑问句:

主要句型:

(1)What is your /her / his name ? My /His name is ?

(2)Where is the baseball ? it is in the backpack.

(3)Where are your books? They are on the chair.

(4)How much is the red sweater ? it is 3 $.

(5)How much are these pants? They are 18 dollars.

(6)When is your birthday ? My birthday is May 11th.

(7)When is Lucy’s birthday ? Her birthday is ?

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

(8)What kind of movies do you like ? I like action movies and comedies.

(9)What time do you usually get up ? I usually get up at 6:00.

(10)What time does she get home ? She gets home at 5:30.(home , here , there 前不加to)

(11)What is your favorite subject ?

(12)This big red hat is 1 dollar.(注意形容词的位置: 大小长短+ 颜色)

III、将下列句子改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答:

1、My name’s Bob. __________________________________________________________________

2、I’m his uncle.. ________________________________________________________________

3、Our shirts are too long. . ________________________________________________________________

4、My friend gets up at five o’clock.. ________________________________________________________________

5、Lucy and Lily like sports. . ________________________________________________________________

6、Jerry’s teacher can play chess.. ________________________________________________________________

7、Alicia is my aunt. . ________________________________________________________________

8、She wants to see Beijing Opera.. ________________________________________________________________ V、句型转换:划线提问(熟悉下课文中的主要句型)

1、Peter is .

________________________________________________________________

2、The backpacks are

________________________________________________________________

3、Scott likes

________________________________________________________________

4、They have for lunch.

________________________________________________________________

5、She can .

________________________________________________________________

6、It’s..

________________________________________________________________

7、We go to bed at .

________________________________________________________________

10、Her basketball is. .

________________________________________________________________

11、Dave’s favorite food is.

________________________________________________________________

12、He likes.

________________________________________________________________

14、They are.

________________________________________________________________

15、Nick wants to join the club.

________________________________________________________________

16、

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结 ________________________________________________________________

17、Her favorite subject is ________________________________________________________________

18`Mike and Jack like math.

____________________________________

19、My mother’s favorite color is________________________________________________________________

20、We go to school________________________________________________________________

21、I think they’re interesting. (改否定句).

________________________________________________________________

22、It’s

________________________________________________________________

21 School starts ________________________________________________________________

22`We have ________________________________________________________________

6.句型综合练习

(一)

1. Mr Wang is his favorite teacher. (对划线部分提问)_______ ________ his favorite teacher?

2. Her favorite subject is music. (对划线部分提问)________ ________ her favorite subject?

3. We have science on Tuesday and Thursday. (对划线部分提问)

________ do ________ ________ science?

4. When do you go to bed every night? (改为同义句) ______ ______ do you go to bed every night?

5. This subject is interesting. (改为同义句)This ______ ______ _________ subject.

6. The girls like music because it's exciting.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ the girls like music?

(二)

1. My birthday is October 11th. (提问) _______ _______ your birthday?

2. Peter is 18 this year. (提问) ______ ______ is Peter this year?

3. Tom likes baseball. (否定句) Tom _______ _______ baseball?

4. Jack’s birthday is April 6th .(一般疑问句) _______ Jack’s birthday April 6th?

5. The store sells many nice clothes. (提问) ________ _______ the store ________ ?

6. month, year, the, the, of, third, March, is, (连词成句)

______________________________________________________

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

名词复习

单数名词前有a/an、the或物主代词,如:a book、the book、his book

1、一般情况,加s:bags

2、以s、sh、x、ch结尾,加es:boxes

规则变化 3、以 f、fe、结尾,把f、fe改为v加es:shelf→shelves

可数 4、以辅音+y结尾,把y改为i,加es:baby→babies

、以o结尾,有生命加es:tomatoes、patotoes

无生命加s:pianos、photos

1、单复数词形:sheep、Chinese、Japanese

复数 不规则变化 2、复数名词:clothes、people、police

3、特殊变化:man→men,woman→women

child→children,foot→feet

名 tooth→teeth,policeman→policemen

前面可用 many(许多)、a lot of/lots of(许多)、some(一些)、a few

+可数复数

点) (一

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

1、没有复数形式

2、前不加a/an、数字、many、a few,后不加s

3、前可以加some、any、a lot of/much、a little

4、表数量用量词加of词组:a cup of ice cream,two cups of ice cream

5、学过的有:broccoli、food、dessert、orange、ice cream、salad、chicken、fruit、soccer、

tennis、ping-pong、breakfast、lunch、dinner、help、opera、work、homework、

time、Chinese、Japanese、English

Beinjing Opera 和 broccoli没有复数形式.

注意unit 7中的复数名词的用法,a pair of shorts/socks/shoes/trousers/pants?复数在pair上加s

English Exercise

1、写出下列词的复数形式

baby _____ potato _____ knife _____ photo _____ Chinese _____

hamburger _____ case _____ key _____ watch _____ name _____

strawberry _____ tomato _____ dollar _____ orange _____ people _____

documentary _____ boy _____ piano _____ child _____ man _____

this _____ that _____ I _____ she _____ you _____

bus _____ wish _____ Japanese _____

2、翻译短语

五门学科 _______________ 三部电影_______________ 一些动作片______________ 许多手表_______________

一点食品_____________ 一点蔬菜_______________ 许多冰淇淋______________ 三块鸡肉_______________

一些工作________________ 许多作业_______________ 四辆公共汽车____________

3、划出下面单词中的不可数名词

star、dessert、sock、dollar、help、month、art、broccoli、cream、dictionary、card、club、

fruit、food、sister、chicken、CD、homework、English、runner、Science、people、collection、

racket、sport、baseball

4、将下列句子变成复数形式

1) This is a bus .

2) She has a nice dress.

3) A musician has a watch on her hand.

4) You are a Chinese.

5) The girl likes salad.

6) The running star wants to eat healthy food.

7) A photo is on the wall.

8) That is a banana.

9) It is an action movie.

10) I am a student.

厚朴英语 初中英语七年级上 期末复习总结

5、改错

1) He has many ice cream for breakfast._______________________________

2) The girl has two broccoli for lunch. ________________________________

3) I need some salad. ______________________________________________

4) The student does a few homework every day. _________________________

5) I want to go to movie. ____________________________________________

6) We can see much clothes in the store. ________________________________

6·句型练习

1. Do you have a soccer ball? (作肯定回答) __________________________

2. He has eight pencils. (改为否定句)______________________________________

3. Tom has a picture of his family in his room. (同意句)

_____ ____ a picture of Tom’s family _____ ______ _______.

4. The boy has many CDs.(改为一般疑问句)__________________________________

5. She has many photos of Tao Zhe. (对划线部分提问) ________________________

6. That is a bag. (改为复数形式)___________________________________

7. Are your pens in the backpack? (作肯定回答) _______________________________ (对划线部分提问) __________________________________

9. The baseball is under the bed.(改一般疑问句) _________________________________

10. 对划线部分提问)__________________________________

11. on,T-shirt,the,his,is,bed(连词成句) __________________________________________

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