A cab driver taught me a million dollar lesson in customer satisfaction and expectation． Motivational speakers thousands of dollars to give their kind of training to corporate （大公司 的） staff． It only cost me a ． Time was of great importance and my plan included a（ n） turnaround trip from and back to the airport． A seated before he closed the door． As he got in the driver's seat, he ． He then showed me several tapes and asked me what type of ． tell． "
―． But I got tired of thinking my best would be good enough． I decided to find my job in life I could feel proud of being the best I could be． I knew I would never be a rocket scientist, but I love driving cars, of service and feeling like I have done a full day's work and done it well． I my personal wealth and． ． ． wham! I became a taxi driver． One thing I know for sure, to be ． But, to be great in my business, I have to exceed （超越） the customer's expectations! I like both the sound and the return of being ' great' better than just getting by on
Did I tip him big? Of course! Corporate America's is the travelling folk's friend !
21．A． spare B．afford C．pay D． charge
22．A． ride B．experience C．journey D． road
23．A． destination B． purpose C．consequence D． convenience
24．A． immediate B．rough C．quick D． long
25．A． came about B．pulled up C．broke in D． went away
26．A． calmly B． successfully C．safely D． comfortably
27．A． suggested B． introduced C．mentioned D． insisted
28．A． for B． at C． of D． to
29．A． music B． news C． picture D． food
30．A． honor B． gift C． respect D． service
31．A． faith B． pride C． satisfaction D． devotion
32．A． At your service B． Not really C． Got it D． You bet
33．A． ever B． where C． never D． yet
34．A． when B． thinking C． which D． while
35．A． being B． abandoned C． knowing D． hearing
36．A． evaluated B． abandoned C． donated D． investigated
37．A． happy B． good C． perfect D． super
38．A． appreciation B． expectation C． comprehension D．determination
39．A． common B． normal C． regular D． average
40．A． worth B． treasure C．loss D． support 第二部分：阅读理解（第一节20小题，第二节5小题；每小题2分，满分50分）
The ancient Greek philosopher Plato said , ―Music is a moral law． It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind ,flight to the imagination, and charm and joy to life and to everything．‖
This is one of Don Spencer‘s favorite mottos that he firmly believes． For the former Play School presenter and founder of the Australian Children‘s Music Foundation, this motto forms the basis of the message he is trying to put across—that music should be a necessary part of a child‘s education．
"We know that music brings joy and comfort, and makes us feel happy," Spencer says． "But research has also discovered music plays a powerful role in the mental development of children． Music inspires creativity, imagination and self-expression． It also builds self-respect and is good for memory skills． "
The power of music
Much research supports both Spencer and Plato． A Stanford University study found that musical training improves the way the brain processes the spoken word． It showed that musical experience can help the brain improve its ability to distinguish between rapidly changing sounds, a key skill in understanding and using language．
Research from Canada found that children aged four to six years old who had music lessons had better memories, as well as higher ability to read and write and maths levels．
Another study, from the US, showed that children aged five to seven years who had been falling behind in their school performance caught up with those who are of the same age in reading, and were ahead of them in maths, after just seven months of music lessons．
Not in the curriculum （课程）
Research shows it's not that smart kids play music; it's that music makes kids smarter． It supports Spencer's call for music to be a standard part of the school curriculum, like English and maths．
" Music is everywhere, but not at 75 per cent of public schools around Australia who don't have a devoted music teacher," Spencer says． "It's sad that many children don't have access to formal musical education, particularly when it has such an effect on a child's development． "
It's up to parents
Involving our children in music doesn't have to be expensive． And many parents give their kids musical exposure subliminally （下意识地） , be it through singing, the radio or stereo． But parents can take it to the next level by talking about music and exposing kids to different styles．
For many older children, music is part of their culture and while parents don't have to like it, they can still engage their kids in conversation about it．
Ideally, Spencer would like every child to learn an instrument． " Kids can access cheap instruments like a ukulele, recorder or harmonica," Spencer says． He says the Internet has a lot of free videos which teach you how to play instruments．
"I can't stress enough how important music is," he says． "It builds relationships, unites people and, most importantly, it is fun． "
41． Plato's words are mentioned at the beginning of the text to show that ______．
A． music has magic power B． everything is related to music
C． Don Spencer admires Plato D． music was important in ancient time
42． Which of the following is the main point Don Spencer states in the passage?
A． Music is important to a child's mental health．
B． Music is important to a child's education．
C． Music can improve one's skills in communication．
D． Music can help people to distinguish different sounds．
43． From the different researches mentioned in the passage, we can learn ______．
A． music can make children smarter
B． children aged four to six have better memories
C． there are no professional music teachers in Australia
D． music is a standard part of the school curriculum in most schools
44． It can be inferred from the last four paragraphs that ______．
A． parents always expose their children to different music
B． parents cannot talk about music with their older children
C． musical instruments are often expensive and not available
D． people can have easy access to a certain kind of musical instrument
45． What might be the best title for the passage?
A． When Music Is Taught B． Why Music Matters
C． What We Learn from Music D． How Children Learn Music
This site , all-birds. com , is about bird watching. Enjoy your browsing. There is much to learn and see.
Bird Watching Equipment
Some items that might make bird watching more enjoyable are binoculars （ 双目望远镜） , a camera, some kind of system for keeping notes, and maybe a back pack． Birders often keep lists of the birds they see along with notes about the habits． There is some great bird log software that will let you keep records on your computer． For more details on choosing binoculars see our Binocular -Optics page．
If you are walking through a wooded area just wear clothes you would wear on any hike or field trip． You are best off wearing clothes with dull colors that mix into the background． Greens, browns, and grays are good． Avoid fabrics that rustle（沙沙响） easily． Depending on the birds you are watching you may want to get rain gear, rubber boots and warm clothing． For birds such as owls that you might look for in the evening a strong flashlight is also handy．
Choosing a Bird Field Guide
Take a good field guide to identify birds． Look for clear color pictures that make it easy to recognize one bird from another． Next to each picture should be detailed descriptions of each bird's anatomy, habits, and what it eats． The guide should have information about what habitat each species uses． Many guides have maps showing the range of different birds along with their migration patterns．
Where and When to see Birds
Learning the habitats of birds in your area will increase the number of birds you see, and make your birding more enjoyable． If you know that Meadow larks are likely to be in open 3
grassy areas, and dippers are forage along stream beds, you may be looking for them if you are in those types of habitats． Edge areas where different types of habitats meet will likely have more species in them． You are more likely to see specific birds at certain times of the day． For example songbirds are easier to see two to three hours after dawn, or just before sunset． This is when songbirds are most actively feeding． Many small birds will be silent or even hidden during the rest of the day． After sunup is the best time to see eagles and hawks． Visibility is best for hunting at this time, and they can soar on the thermal currents from the warmed air． Birds like owls are more likely to be seen in the evening． Many shorebirds and waders rest at high tide and feed when the water rises or falls．
☆Patience in Bird Photography
Most birds are afraid of people, and all species have their own comfort zone． With a little time you can learn the comfort zone of the birds you are photographing． Once they know that you are not a threat you may be able to get closer．
☆ Type or Style
Your reason for photographing birds may determine your style and the kind of equipment you use． If you are just recording the kinds of birds you see you don't need to get as close, and you can use less expensive equipment, then you need for high quality prints.
☆ Photographing Birds in Flight
Photographing birds in flight can be fun． Many digital cameras have a tracking function． With these you focus on the bird, and then as you track it the lens will keep focus．
☆ Use Your Yard
Choose an open area where the birds will get direct sunlight, showing off their magnificent colors．
☆Try using props
Birds will often land on a stick or post near a seed feeder before going to the feeder． The background was just an out of focus fence but you can use anything you want for a background, and then wait for a bird to perch.
46． A． attract more people to photograph birds
B． call on people to set some comfort zones for birds
C． help birders learn how to identify and understand birds
D．inform birders of the results of a scientific research on birds
47． are highly recommended when you are going bird watching．
A． red B． brown C． yellow D． blue
48．are likely to be seen at 7 in the morning．
A． Owls B． Songbirds C． Shorebirds D． Larks
49． Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage?
A． A flashlight will come in handy when you look for owls．
B． It will be wise for birders to hire a guide for themselves． '
C． Birders have to bring some notebooks to keep records of birds' habits．
D． A stick in the yard may scares birds off when you are photographing them．
Antidepressant（抗忧郁） drugs such as Prozac were viewed in the early 1900's as wonder pills that would remove depressive blues for good． But in the past five years, growing scientific evidence has shown these drugs work for only a minority of people． And now a research journal says that these antidepressants can make many patients' depression worse． This alarming suggestion centres on the very chemical that is targeted by antidepressants-serotonin （血清素）． Drugs such as Prozac are known as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors （ or SSRIs）． Their aim is to increase the level of this ‘feel-good' chemical in the brain．
But the new research, published in the journal Frontiers In Evolutionary Psychology, points out that serotonin is like a chemical Swiss Army knife, performing a very wide range of jobs in the brain and body． And when we start changing serotonin levels purposely, it may cause a wide range of unwanted effects． These can include digestive problems and even early deaths in older people, according to the study's lead researcher Paul Andrews． " We need to be much more cautious about use of these drugs," says Andrews, an assistant professor of evolutionary psychology at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada．
Previous research has suggested that the drugs provide little benefit for most people with mild depression, and actively help only a few of the most severely depressed． Famous psychologist Irving Kirsch has found that for many patients, SSRIs are no more effective than a placebo pill． A research in 2010 0n Danish children found a small, but significant, increase in the risk of heart problems among babies whose mothers had used SSRIs in early pregnancy（怀孕）． The key to understanding these side-effects is serotonin, says Andrews． Serotonin is also the reason why patients can often end up feeling still more depressed after they have finished a course of SSRI drugs． He argues that SSRI antidepressants disturb the brain, leaving the patient an even greater depression than before．
"After long use, when a patient stops taking SSRIs, the brain will lower its levels of serotonin production," he says, adding that it also changes the way receptors in the brain respond to serotonin, making the brain less sensitive to the chemical． These changes are believed to be temporary, but studies indicate that the effects may continue for up to two years．
Most disturbingly of all, Andrews' review features three recent studies which, he says ,show that elderly antidepressant users are more likely to die earlier than non-users, even after taking other important variables into account． One study, published in the British Medical Journal last year, found patients given SSRIs were more than 4 per cent more likely to die in the next year than those not on the drugs．
"Serotonin is an ancient chemical," says Andrews． "It is regulating many different processes, and when you disturb these things, you can expect that it is going to cause some harm． "
Stafford Lightman, professor of medicine at the University of Bristol, and a leading UK expert "This report is doing the opposite of what drug companies do," he says．“'Drug companies selectively present all the positives in their research, while this search selectively presents all the negatives that can be found． Nevertheless, Andrews' study is useful in that it is always worth pointing out that there is a downside to any medicine． " Professor Lightman adds that there is still a great deal we don't know about SSRIs-not least what they actually do in our brains．
When it comes to understanding why the drugs work only for a limited part of patients, 5
U． S． scientists think they might now have the answer． They think that in many depressed patients, it's not only the lack of feel-good serotonin causing their depression, but also a failure in the area of the brain that produces new cells throughout our lives． This area, the hippocampus, is also responsible for regulating mood and memory． Research suggests that in patients whose hippocampus has lost the ability to produce new cells, SSRIs do not bring any benefit．
50． According to paragraph 2, serotonin, like a chemical Swiss Army knife, can .
A． make many patients' depression worse
B． cause a wide range of unwanted effects
C． affect human body and brain m various ways
D．provide little benefit for most depressed people.
51． A． the number of patients with depression has decreased
B． antidepressants can benefit people with mild depression
C． people have realized that Prozac cannot be used to treat depression
D． antidepressants may increase the risk of early death in older people
A． drug companies don't know the negative effect of antidepressants
B． Andrews focused on different things from the drug companies
C． scientists have found what SSRIs do in the brain
D． Andrews' research has no medical value
53． Which of the following is TRUE about SSRIs?
A． They are used to increase the "feel-good" medical in the brain．
B． They can work even when the hippocampus can't produce new cells．
C． They create a risk of heart problems in pregnant women．
D． They are responsible for controlling mood and memory.
54． What does the underlined sentence mean in Paragraph 6?
A． Andrews' review might not be completely true． ．
B． Andrews need to do more research to support his viewpoint．
C． Andrew doesn't consider drug companies' interests．
D． Andrews has found one of the disadvantages of the medicine．
55． What is the text mainly about?
A． The aim of drug companies． B． The function of SSRIs．
C． The side-effects of antidepressants． D． The cause of depression．
Early this morning, I got up to make a batch of Rice Krispie Treats for my neighbor across the hall． She barely greets me when we see each other, and her sweet little boy, who's now four, has picked up her mother's manner and will not talk to me, either．
Last Monday, she had called the firefighters when a pan I'd forgotten on the stove caused my flat to fog up while I was out taking a walk． When I came home, the street in front of our apartment house was blocked by a police car, a fire truck and an ambulance! The instant I saw them, I remembered the pan! Luckily, nothing serious had happened, and all my neighbors agreed with the firefighter who said, "It could have happened to anyone． " When I thanked the neighbor who had called the firefighters-let's call her Ivy-and apologized for causing the trouble, she just 6
asked if my cats were all right． When I said they were fine, she said, "Well, that's ok then," and turned into her flat．l felt strangely safe, knowing that even though we don't get along, she'd done the right thing and didn't blame me． So, the Rice Krispie Treats．
Last Christmas, my neighbor carelessly let it out that she was holding a grudge （怨恨） towards me because of an incident we'd had four years ago． I had particularly apologized and asked if there was anything I could do to improve our relationship． She would not accept my apology．
It had taken me a lot of courage to apologize and ask that question instead of insisting that we both shared responsibility for what had happened． Her flat-out refusal to make amends （补偿） really shocked and saddened me． After that, I decided I'd just leave her be-a relationship takes two to work． So, you see, I was really scared she was going to refuse my offer again, leaving me standing on her doorstep, facing the closed door and holding my plate of treats． I know some people have a hard time understanding how the possibility of rejection can make an adult so afraid, but that's just the way I felt．
Then, I reminded myself of how loving and good I had felt yesterday when I'd done some random acts of kindness （ thanks to helpothers．org） , after telling myself: Feet the fear, and do it anyway! So I put the squares of Rice Krispie Treats on a beautiful plate, opened my apartment door-and there she was, standing in the hallway． I smiled and said, "Hi," but when she saw me, she turned on her heels and went back inside, even though she seemed to have just stepped out． I went after her, regardless, and quickly said, "I'm sorry, I've got something for you ! I just wanted to tell you how grateful I am that you were paying attention on Monday．" When she heard me speaking, she turned around． As I held the plate towards her, explaining these were very sweet American treats, and that she could just try and see whether she and her family would like them, her eyebrows winged up-and she took the plate．l was so happy and excited． We then talked a bit about how she'd become aware of the smoke in my flat, and parted ways．
Back in my place, I did a "happy dance", because I had dared to be kind even though I hadn't been sure at all my kindness would be welcome．l do hope that our relationship will slowly get better; I know I was and still am biased（存有偏见） towards her at times, but even if we don't make amends, I want to be able to be kind without depending on other people's behaviors and reactions .
A． the writer's cats disturb her neighbor frequently
B． the writer didn't thank her for calling the firefighters
C． the writer never apologized to her for her misbehaviors
D． the writer had an unpleasant experience with the neighbor long ago
57． From Paragraph 4, we can learn that the author .
A． was afraid of being rejected again by her neighbor
B． didn't know how to get along with her neighbor
C． didn't admit it was her fault in the last incident
D． refused to forgive her neighbor's rude behavior
58． After the writer said "Feel the fear, and do it anyway!", she decided to .
A． do an act of kindness B． leave her neighbor be
C． apologize to her neighbor once more D． do something to let her neighbor down
59． What can we learn about the writer?
A． She was a professional dancer．
B． She often had quarrels with her neighbor．
C． She had a bias against her neighbor sometimes．
D． She had an unpleasant experience at Christmas this year．
60． What does the author try to tell us?
A． Don't punish yourself because of other's mistakes．
B． We should be kind to others, regardless of their behavior．
C． We must keep a good relationship with our neighbors．
D． When we make a mistake, we should have the courage to admit it．
When I was 8, a gentleman came to my orphanage（孤儿院）and taught us how to do woodworking projects.
I remember my first project—a small table. I was so created a(an) . It was absolutely beautiful and it had taken me six weeks to it. I could hardly wait to give it to Mother Winters as a always with us.
As the tables were not dry from the clear coating, the man told us to wait a few days before taking them to our dormitories. But I was just soand happy that I couldn‘t wait. I dashed out like a , carrying my table, smiling from ear to ear.
When I reached the dormitory I placed the little table beside my bed. I was it when Mother Winters entered. She walked over to the table. Running her hand it, she noticed that it was still wet.
―Were you to bring this home?‖ she asked.
―No, ma‘am,‖ I with my head down.
She ordered me to throw the table out and so I did. After she left, I immediately opened the door to get it back. There was stuck all over. I brushed and cried, but it would not come off.
I hid the table in my closet and never it. A year later while cleaning up, I gave the table to Mother Henderson, my houseparent（宿管员）, thinking that she would it away.
Thirty years later at a reunion, I that Mother Henderson was living nearby, so I drove up to see her. We talked cheerfully for long. As I was about to leave, she asked me to come down to her to get something important. I followed her into a dark corner. She picked something up.
Mother Henderson kept the little table that I had given up for lost so long ago.
Today, I look at that table with bittersweet memories but full of to Mother Henderson, who kept it for a young orphan who tried very hard to
21. A. tired B. ashamed C. proud D. aware
22. A. award B. wonder C. record D. product
23. A. design B. invent C. paint D. complete
24. A. gift B. reward C. prize D. souvenir
25. A. satisfied B. strict C. patient D. angry
26. A. upset B. amazed C. confident D. excited
27. A. thief B. hero C. sword D. flash
28. A. drying B. observing C. admiring D. hiding
29. A. into B. across C. above D. after
30. A. supposed B. embarrassed C. encouraged D. determined
31. A. agreed B. sighed C. whispered D. argued
32. A. dirt B. glue C. paint D. wood
33. A. removed B. touched C. shook D. split
34. A. put B. give C. take D. throw
35. A. learned B. expected C. remembered D. recommended
36. A. bathroom B. balcony C. basement D. bedroom
37. A. curiously B. unwillingly C. doubtfully D. worriedly
38. A. Before B. Since C. As D. Until
39. A. admiration B. gratitude C. sympathy D. regret
40. A. adapt B. study C. perform D. please
American researchers found females are the more talkative sex because of a special
―language protein(蛋白质)‖ in the brain.
The study, conducted by neuroscientists （神经学家）and psychologist from the University of Maryland, concluded that women talked more because they had more of the Foxp2 protein. The research, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, found that higher levels were found among humans that were women but in rats that were males. Their findings came after it was previously claimed that ladies speak about 20,000 words a day – over 13,000 more than men. ―This study is one of the first to report a sex difference in the expression of a language-associated protein in humans or animals,‖ said Prof Margaret McCarthy, who led the study. In their study, the researchers attempted to determine what might make male rats more vocal than their female friends.
They separated four-day-old rats from their mothers and then counted the number of times they cried out in the ―ultrasonic range‖, the frequencies higher than humans can hear, over five minutes. While both sexes called out hundreds of cries, the males called out twice as often, they found. But when the pups were returned to their mother‘s cage, she fussed over her sons first. Tests conducted on the parts of the brain known to be associated with vocalcalls showed the male pups have up to twice as much Foxp2 protein as the females. The researchers then increased the production in the brains of female pups and reduced it in males. This led to the female rats crying out more often and their mothers showing more interest to them. In contrast, males became less ―talkative‖.
The researchers then tested samples from ten children, aged between three and five, which showed that females had up to 30 per cent more of the Foxp2 protein than males, in a brain area key to language in humans.
―Based on our observations, we assume higher levels of Foxp2 in girls and higher levels of Foxp2 in male rats is an indication that Foxp2 protein levels are associated with the more 9
communicative sex,‖ said Prof McCarthy.
―Our results imply Foxp2 as a component of the neurobiological basis of sex differences in vocal communication in mammals. ‖
41. From the second paragraph, we can learn that ________.
A．women always speak more words than men
B．men and male rats have low levels of language protein
C．women and male rats have similar levels of Foxp2
D．McCarthy isn‘t the first to find females more talkative
42. The underlined phrase ―fussed over‖ in the third paragraph probably means______. A．paid attention to B．related to C．put pressure on D．counted on
43. The researchers carried out the experiments on rats in order to _______. A．test which part of the brain is key to language in rats and humans
B．prove the levels of Foxp2 protein in humans and rats are different
C．determine the reason why female rats are more talkative than male rats
D．discover the association between Foxp2protein and vocal communication
44. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage ?
A．Tests on humans and rats B．Why women are the talkative sex
C．Sex differences in Foxp2 protein D．Foxp2 protein determines oral ability
Do you want to live with a strong sense of peacefulness, happiness, goodness, and self-
respect? The collection of happiness actions broadly categorized as ―honor‖ help you create this life of good feelings.
Here‘s an example to show how honorable actions create happiness.
Say a store clerk fails to charge us for an item. If we keep silent, and profit from the clerk‘s mistake, we would drive home with a sense of sneaky excitement. Later we might tell our family or friends about our good fortune. On the other hand, if we tell the clerk about the uncharged item, the clerk would be grateful and thank us for our honesty. We would leave the store with a quiet sense of honor that we might never share with another soul.
Then, what is it to do with our sense of happiness?
In the first case, where we don‘t tell the clerk, a couple of things would happen. Deep down inside we would know ourselves as a type of thief. In the process, we would lose some peace of mind and self-respect. We would also demonstrate that we cannot lie trusted, since we advertise our dishonor by telling our family and friends. We damage our own reputations by telling others. In contrast, bringing the error to the clerk's attention causes different things to happen.
Immediately the clerk knows us to be honorable. Upon leaving the store, we feel honorable and our self-respect is increased. Whenever we take honorable action we gain the deep internal rewards of goodness and a sense of nobility.
There is a beautiful positive cycle that is created by living a life of honorable actions.
Honorable thoughts lead to honorable actions. Honorable actions lead us to a happier existence. And it‘s easy to think and act honorably again when we're happy. While the positive cycle can be difficult to start, once it's started, it‘s easy to continue. Keeping on doing good deeds brings us peace of mind, which is important for our happiness.
45. According to the passage, the positive action in the example contributes to our___.
A. self-respect B. financial rewards C. advertising ability D. friendly relationship
46. The author thinks that keeping silent about the uncharged item is equal to___.
A. lying B. stealing C. cheating D. advertising
47. The phrase ―bringing the error to the clerk‘s attention‖(in Para. 5) means___.
A. telling the truth to the clerk B. offering advice to the clerk
C. asking the clerk to be more attentive D. reminding the clerk of the charged item
48. How will we feel if we let the clerk know her mistake?
A. We‘ll be very excited. B. We‘ll feel unfortunate.
C. We‘ll have a sense of honor. D. We‘ll feel sorry for the clerk.
49. Which of the following can be the best title of this passage?
A. How to Live Truthfully B. Importance of Peacefulness
C. Ways of Gaining Self-respect D. Happiness through Honorable Actions
It was reported last week that developers could take photos from Apple mobile and Google Android devices without the phone owners knowing that the images were being taken. In Apple‘s case, developers can also obtain the location information for each photo.
Senator(参议员) Charles Schumer said in a telephone interview that his office had spoken with officials at both Apple and Google on Monday.
―We asked them if they could find a way on their own to prevent Apple from having access to private information,‖ Mr. Schumer said. ―They were friendly and open to the idea that this ought to be changed.‖
On Sunday, Mr. Schumer said that he planned to send a letter to the Federal Trade Commission asking the agency to investigate Apple and Google after the privacy concerns came to light. Claudia Bourne Farrell, an F.T.C. spokeswoman, said the agency had received the letter but she could not comment further.
―It worries people to think that one‘s personal photos, address book, and who knows what else can be obtained and even posted online without permission,‖ Mr. Schumer wrote in his letter to the F.T.C. ―If the technology exists to open the door to this kind of privacy invasion, then surely technology exists to close it, and that‘s exactly what must happen.‖
Mr. Schumer said if Apple and Google could not come to an agreement to fix the problem, then he would be forced to take the issue further.
He said other companies had been willing to work with his office to fix issues. ―I‘m optimistic that we can get this changed without any regulation,‖ he said. ―If it‘s not changed, then we‘ll turn to the F.T.C., and if that doesn‘t work then we‘ll consider legislative approach.‖
The F.T.C. has warned companies to try to be more vigilant(警醒的) in their efforts to protect consumers when it comes to privacy.
50. The senators spoke with officials at both Apple and Google___________.
A. to urge them not to invade consumers‘ privacy.
B. to discuss whether it is illegal to have access to private information.
C. to stop them from developing the technology of taking photos.
D. to keep them from obtaining the location information for each photo.
51. Which of the following statements is True?
A. Privacy invasion from Apple has existed for a long time.
B. Mr. Schumer takes the privacy concerns caused by Apple and Google seriously.
C. Privacy invasion from Google has existed for a long time.
D. Apple and Google have decided to make a change.
52. Mr. Schumer‘s letter to the F.T.C. mainly shows that the technology to open the door to
A. causes privacy invasion to happen frequently.
B. can be used if permitted.
C. causes people to worry about the safety of their personal information .
D. causes personal information to be posted online without permission.
53. If the privacy concerns can‘t be solved with the help of the F.T.C., ___________.
A. The senators will force the companies not to invade privacy.
B. The companies will be closed.
C. The companies will be fined.
D. The senators will turn to legislation.
54. Where can we read about the passage?
A. In a newspaper. B. In a magazine.
C. In a science report. D. In a textbook.
My grandson, Daniel, and I have always been very close. When Daniel‘s father remarried after a divorce, Daniel, who was eleven, and his little sister, Kristie, came to live with us. My husband and I were more than happy to have kids in the house again.
Things were going along just fine until the diabetes (糖尿病) I‘ve lived with most of my adult life started affecting my eyes, and then more seriously, my kidneys (肾). Then everything seemed to fall apart.
Three times a week, I had to go to the hospital to be hooked up to a dialysis machine (透析机). I was living, but I couldn‘t really call it a life — it was an existence. I had no energy. I dragged myself through daily chores and slept as much as I could. My sense of humor seemed to disappear.
Daniel, seventeen by then, was really affected by the change in me. He tried as hard as he could to make me laugh, to bring back the grandma who loved to clown around (开玩笑) with him. Even in my sorry state, Daniel could still bring a smile to my face.
But things were not improving. After a year on dialysis, my condition was deteriorating (恶化) and the doctors felt that if I didn‘t receive a kidney transplant within six months, I would surely die. No one told Daniel this, but he knew — he said all he had to do was look after me. To top it off, as my condition worsened, there was a chance that I would become too weak to have the transplant surgery at all, and then there would be nothing they could do for me. So we started the tense and desperate wait for a kidney.
I was adamant (坚决的) that I didn‘t want a kidney from anyone I knew. I would wait until an appropriate kidney became available, or I would literally die waiting. But Daniel had other plans. The time that he took me to my dialysis appointments, he did a little secret research on his own. Then he announced his intention to me.
―Grandma, I‘m giving you one of my kidneys. I‘m young and I‘m healthy …‖ He paused. He could see I wasn‘t at all happy with his offer. He continued, almost in whisper, ―And most of all, I couldn‘t stand it if you weren‘t around.‖ His face wore an expression of appeal mixed with determination. He can be as stubborn as a mule (驴) once he decides on something — but I‘ve been told many times that I can out-stubborn any mule!
We argued. I couldn‘t let him do it. We both knew that if he gave up his kidney, he would also give up his life‘s dream; to play football. It was all he ever talked about. And he was good, too. Daniel was co-captain and star defensive tackle (防守阻截队员) of his high school team; he expected to apply for a football scholarship and was looking forward to playing college football. He just loved the sport.
―How can I let you throw away the thing that means the most to you?‖ I pleaded with him. ―Grandma,‖ he said softly, ―compared to your life, football means nothing to me.‖
After that, I couldn‘t argue anymore. So we agreed to see if he was a good donor (捐赠者) match, and then we‘d discuss it further. When the tests came back, they showed Daniel was a perfect match. That was it. I knew I wasn‘t going to win that argument, so we scheduled the transplant.
Both surgeries went smoothly. As soon as I came out of the anesthesia (麻醉) , I could tell things were different. I felt great! The nurses in the intensive care unit had to keep telling me to lie back and be quiet — I wasn‘t supposed to be that lively! I was afraid to go to sleep, for fear I 12
would break the spell (魔法) and wake up the way I had been before. But the good feeling didn‘t go away, and I spent the evening joking and laughing with anyone who would listen. It was so wonderful to feel alive again.
The next day they moved me out of ICU and onto the floor where Daniel was recuperating (复原) three doors away. His grandfather helped him walk down to see me as soon as I was moved into my room. When we saw each other, we did not know what to say. Holding hands, we just sat there and looked at each other for a long time, overwhelmed by the deep feeling of love that connected us.
Finally, he spoke, ―Was it worthwhile, grandma?‖
I laughed a little ruefully (懊悔). ―It was for me! But was it for you?‖ I asked him.
He nodded and smiled at me. ―I‘ve got my grandma back.‖
And I have my life back. It still amazes me. Every morning, when I wake up, I thank God —and Daniel — for this miracle. A miracle born of the purest love.
55. Grandma‘s diabetes brought about all the following EXCEPT that _______.
A. her eyes and her kidneys were affected B. grandma became quite a different person
C. Daniel had to be sent back to his father D. everything was thrown into confusion
56. When grandma was at her lowest, what did Daniel do to bring her back to her usual life?
A. He tried his best to make her laugh.
B. He helped her with the daily chores.
C. He gave up his dream of going to college.
D. He searched desperately for a good donor match.
57. How did grandma feel when Daniel announced his intention to give her one of his kidneys?
A. She was moved by his selfless decision.
B. She wasn‘t at all happy with his offer.
C. She felt relieved that an appropriate kidney was available.
D. She was enthusiastic about having a kidney of someone she loved.
58. What would giving up a kidney mean to Daniel, according to the passage?
A. He wouldn‘t be young and healthy thereafter.
B. He didn‘t have to search for a good match any more.
C. He could apply for a full scholarship to a college he desired.
D. He would also give up his life‘s dream: to play football.
59. How was grandma when she came out of the anesthesia after the surgery?
A. She was feeling low. B. She was full of life.
C. She was exhausted. D. She was the way she had been before.
60. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Grandma got her life back thanks to Daniel‘s selfless donation.
B. Grandma thought her returning to life was a miracle of pure love.
C. Daniel agreed with grandma that the transplant was worthwhile for her, not for him.
D. Much as he loved football, grandma‘s life meant the most to Daniel.
The Voice of America began during the World WarⅡ, when Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international American officials believed they should the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA 13
news report began with words in . ―The may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.‖ Within a week, other VOA were broadcasting in Italian, French and English.
After the World War Ⅱended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA‘s had to be changed, the Soviet Union（苏联）became enemy of America. They wanted to Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian.
In the early days VOA began adding something new to its Broadcast that was ―Music USA‖. Another new idea came along in 1959. VOA knew that many listeners did not English to completely understand its English broadcast. So VOA a simpler kind of English, uses about 1,500 words and is spoken . Of course, it is special English.
In the of most VOA listeners, the most program is the news report. News from around the world into the VOA news room in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in cities and also from other like BBC. VOA writers and editors use these materials to news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages.
1. A. business B. culture C. support D. information
2. A. reply B. answer C. join D. interrupt
3. A. time B. short C. English D. German
4. A. news B. problems C. effects D. opinions
5. A. programs B. news C. announcers D. officials
6. A. home B. position C. purpose D. result
7. A. if B. considering C. supposing D. in order that
8. A. reach B. satisfy C. attack D. support
9. A. known B. reported C. called D. printed
10. A. poor B. excellent C. standard D. enough
11. A. normal B. fast C. good D. exact
12. A. stopped B. discovered C. taught D. invited
13. A. it B. which C. who D. that
14. A. slowly B. rapidly C. normally D. loudly
15. A. please B. course C. opinion D. advice
16. A. difficult B. important C. various D. common
17. A. past B. send C. deliver D. fly
18. A. all B. major C. American D. news
19. A. broadcasts B. forms C. newspaper D. countries
20. A. broadcast B. announce C. translate D. prepare
Children who speak English as their first language are now a minority in inner-city London primary schools，official figures show.
Youngsters with foreign mother tongues form a majority at primary schools in 13 out of33 London cities. Across the country，English is a foreign language to more than one in seven primary school youngsters.
The figures from the Department for Children，Schools and Families (DCSF) point to major demographic (人口的) changes over the past few decades，with around a fifth of pupils now 14
coming from ethnic minorities.
There are concerns that school finances are coming under stress from the growing numbers of youngsters requiring help with English. The government has been urged to provide more funding，and give fair treatment to schools with large concentrations of non-English speakers.
In Tower Hamlets almost four out of five youngsters do not have English as their mother tongue. In other areas，including Leicester，Luton and Bradford the proportion approaches 50 percent.
The figures indicate that many recent migrants have settled in London. Sir Andrew Green，Founder and Chairman of Migration Watch UK，says，―These figures confirm the huge impact immigration is having on our society. When government funds are as tight as they are，this is bound to have a negative impact，since children for whom English is a second language need extra tuition (学费).‖He adds，―In inner London it's hard to know with whom immigrant children are supposed to practice English，since the number of immigrant children is much larger than that of local. ‖
A spokesman for DCSF stresses that the figures ―only indicate the language to which a child was initially exposed at home，regardless of whether he or she comes to speak English fluently later on. It is only a relatively few recent arrivals for whom communication problems are serious‖.―We are increasing funding to the Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant (助学金)to ￡206 million by 2010，to help bring students weak in English up to speed. We‘re also equipping schools to offer effective English as an Additional Language teaching to new arrivals，‖he adds
1.A minority of London primary school students speak English as their first language because .
A. local children prefer to speak other languages
B. more and more immigrant children are attending school in London
C. children learning English as an additional language need extra tuition
D. English is too difficult a language for primary school children to learn
A. the increasing number of adults needing help with English
B. the government taking no measures to help the schools
C. non-English speakers putting school finances under stress
D. London schools not providing adequate service for children in need
3.It can be inferred from the passage that .
A. most immigrant children make a great effort to learn English
B. the government used to treat non-English speakers unfairly
C. it's not easy to find English speakers for immigrant children in some parts of London to communicate with
D. local children are influenced by immigrant children
4.According to the spokesman for DCSF，
A. that children will speak English fluently later on
B. that immigration is having a huge impact on English society
C. what the language the children were exposed to first was
D. that funding is increasing to help students weak in English
I had gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. It was an eccentric(古怪的) farmer. I had never met him before although I had often heard people talk about him. He sounded quite nervous and he had been talking for a minute or so before I understand anything. Finally all I could make out was that someone called Millry had a very bad accident. No matter who she was I obviously had to go.
It had been snowing heavily that day. I didn‘t know the way. I had been driving for at least an hour when I finally found his place. He was standing there, waiting for me. It seemed Millry had died. ―She meant more to me than anyone…even my own wife!‖ he said. I could see that he had been crying. I thought something terrible had taken place, it may be a scandal(丑闻). I was even more shocked when he told me be had put her in the barn(厩). ―I wouldn‘t leave her out in the cold!‖ he said.
Millry had clearly been a secret lover of his. I was about to tell him he could not expect me to cover anything up when he opened the barn door. He lifted his candle and I saw a dark figure on the ground, ―She was such a good cow! I wouldn‘t let anyone but a doctor touch her!‖
he said, and bust into tears again.
1. The underlined phrase ―make out‖ in the first paragraph means .
A. expect B. understand C. see clearly D. hear clearly
2. Before he arrived at the farmer‘s house, the writer expected to see Millry lying .
A. on the ground of a barn B. on the floor of a room
C. in bed in a room D. in bed in a barn
3. The farmer wished that the writer might .
A. look into the matter B. bring Millry back to life
C. free him from a scandal D. keep a whole thing a secret
4. The person who told the story is probably a .
A. farmer B. policeman C. country doctor D. newspaper reporter
Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.
You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.
Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.
Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape (逃出) the earth‘s gravity and carry you into space.
1. In this passage, the word ―gravity‖ means_______.
A. the pull of everything. B. the force of attraction(吸引) among objects.
C. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
D. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.
2. When you slip(滑) you always fall to the ground because________
A. the earth always turns round. B. the earth has gravity
C. the earth‘s gravity is greater than your weight. D. you are careless.
3. Gravity is strong that_______
A. it can throw a ball into the air. B. it makes you jump only seven feet.
C. it can let you fly away from the earth. D. it can keep everything on earth.
4. Because of gravity,________
A. water flows everything. B. we can go everywhere by ship.
C. water always flows downwards. D. fish can live in water.
5. We can get away from the earth by spaceship because________
A. the spaceship goes very fast. B. the earth can‘t pull the spaceship.
C. the spaceship has a strong force. D. the spaceship can jump higher than others.
On Sunday while I was having my own Father‘s Day celebration, I thought about my dad a lot. By the time I called to tell him that I loved him, he had already gone to bed. So I wrote the following to show what my dad means to me.
About 28 years ago, my dad was a used car salesman. Every Thursday night, he would head off to Shreveport, LA for the auction（拍卖会）. Most of the time, I drove a car over there for him so he could sell it there.
One day, I was riding with my dad to Shreveport for the auction when he found a hitchhiker（搭车者）with a backpack. As soon as dad saw him, he pulled the car over and offered him a ride. Dad asked him his name and continued to talk to him about all sorts of things. I can‘t recall why but he told dad a lot of terrible things that had occurred to him. I sat in the back seat and watched the scene with amazement. I could see that the hitchhiker changed his attitude as he could tell someone who was really listening to him.
We drove another forty-five minutes before we had to exit the interstate（州际公路）. We pulled over and dad told him to keep his head up and things would start looking up for him soon. He reached into his pocket and handed the hitchhiker a twenty-dollar bill and then a the-dollar bill.
We drove on and my dad did not say a single thing. I was still completely amazed by what I just witnessed. I was always told everyone to never pick up a hitchhiker and yet my dad did it every single time he saw one. I‘m sure that it made that poor man‘s day, probably a month to follow. While reflecting upon that story, I learned a lot about my dad and life. I learned that if you come from a place of service or compassion, you can change people‘s lives. Just one single kind act can change someone‘s life. It never occurred to my dad about not stopping to help him.
This is the type of person my dad is. Thank you for setting such high standards for me to follow.
Dad, I love you. Happy Father‘s Day!
1．The author and his dad met a hitchhiker（搭车者）_______.
A. when they were just warned not to pick up a stranger
B. on their way to Shreveport to sell a car
C. on their way to the west for a trip
D. when their car was running out of gas
2．What do we learn about the hitchhiker from the passage?
A. Something unpleasant occurred to him. B. He was going to the auction.
C. At first he didn‘t believe in the author.
D. It was he who bought the author‘s car.
3．How did the author feel about his dad‘s behavior at that time?
A. Angry B. Appreciated C. Surprised D. Ashamed
4．What did the author learn from his father?
A. Just a single kind act can make a difference.
B. Try learning to be a good listener.
C. Set high standards for yourself in life.
D. Offering a ride to a stranger is dangerous.