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发布时间:2014-02-07 10:47:34  

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

设计制作:洞口县第一中学

彭先君

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

Part One

Rules
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

1. 当陈述部分的主语是I,而句子又用来征询对方的 意见时,附加疑问句中的主语用you。如: I find English very interesting, don’t you? I don’t like that film, do you? 2. 当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, nobody, no one, somebody等合成 代词时,附加疑问句中的主语通常用they。但亦 可用he,尤其是nobody, no one等作主语,具有 否定概念时。如: Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they? Everyone enjoyed the party, didn’t they? Nobody wants to go there, does he?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

3. 当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything, nothing, anything, something时,附加 疑问句 中的主语一般用it,不用they。如: Everything seems all right now, doesn’t it? Nothing is kept in good order, is it? Something must be done to stop pollution, isn’t it? 4. 当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时,附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they。 如: This is important, isn’t it? That isn’t correct, is it? These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

5. 如果陈述部分是以代词one作主语,附加疑问句 中的主语在正式场合用one,非正式场合用you, 在美国英语中,在非正式场合还可以用he。如: One can’t be too careful, can one?或can you? One should do his duty, shouldn’t he? 6. 如果陈述部分用I’m…结构,附加疑问部分一般用 aren’t I 或 ain’t I。如: I am strong and healthy, aren’t I? 7. 当陈述句为there be结构时,附加疑问句中的主语 也用there。如: There’s no help for it, is there? There’s something wrong, isn’t there?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

8.陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little, nowhere, nothing等否定词或半否 定词时,附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。如: Bob rarely got drunk, did he? Few people know him, do they? She seldom goes to the cinema, does she? 如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀,那么,该 陈述部分作肯定处理,附加疑问部分一般仍用否 定形式。如: He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he? Tom dislikes the book, doesn’t he?

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science


湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

9. 当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般 应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系。如: She says that I did it, doesn’t she? I told them not everybody could do it, didn’t I? 但当陈述部分的主语是I,谓语是think, believe, suppose, expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则 往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系, 但要注意否定的转移。 I suppose that he’s serious isn’t he? I don’t think she cares, does she? 10. 当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近 的分句的主语和谓语一致。如: Xiao Lin has been writing letters all afternoon but he should finish them now, shouldn’t he?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

11. 在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中, 附加疑问部分一般用 will you, won’t you, would you,有时也可用can you, can’t you, why don’t you, could you等。如: Don’t open the door, will you? Give me some cigarettes, can you? Take a rest, why don’t you? 但是,以let’s开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用 shall we;以let us开头的祈使句,如果含义是 allow us,不包括听话人在内,疑问部分用 will you。如: Let’s have a basketball match this afternoon, shall we? Let us go out for a rest, will you?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

12.当陈述部分带有情态动词must表示“必须”时, 疑问部分用needn’t。如: You must work hard next term, needn’t you? 但:I must answer the letter, must I? 但若表推测这层含义时,不能用must,而要根 据陈述部分的不定式结构(即must之后的动 词)以及含义采用相应的动词形式。如: You must have made a mistake, haven’t you? They must have seen the film last week, didn’t they? He must be in the library, isn’t he?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

13.当陈述部分含有情态动词used to时,疑问部 分可用 usedn’t 或didn’t。如: The old man used to smoke, didn’t he? 或 usedn’t he? Tom used to live here, usedn’t he? 或didn’t he? 14. 当陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,疑问 部分用 oughtn’t 或 shouldn’t。如: He ought to know the answer, oughtn’t he? We ought to read this book, oughtn’t we? 或shouldn’t we?

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

15. 当陈述部分含有had better时,疑问部分用had.  You’d better finish your homework, hadn’t you? 16. 感叹句后的附加疑问句的谓语动词需用be的现在 时,且常

用否定形式。如: What a clever boy, isn’t he? What a lovely day, isn’t it? 17. 陈述句子中的主语为动词不定式短语、动名词短 语或其他短语时,疑问部分的主语通常用it。如: Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, doesn’t it? Between six and seven will suit you, won’t it? Where to hold the meeting has not been decided, has it?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

18. 在口语和非正式文体中,为了加强语气,只是 表示某种惊奇、怀疑、反感、讽刺等感情而并 不是为了寻求回答,这时前后两部分的肯定、 否定是一致的。如: Oh, he is a writer, is he? You’ll not go, won’t you? 19. 陈述句中的谓语动词是wish,表示愿望时用 may,且用肯定形式。如: I wish to learn English, may I? 20. 当陈述部分带有表示“所有”含义的动词have (has)时,疑问部分既可用have形式,也可用 do形式。如: You have a new bike, haven’t you? (或don’t you?)
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

Part Two

Drills
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

下列句子都有三种译文, 请把正确的选出来
1. 皇帝是裸体的, 对吗? A. The emperor was undressed, was he? B. The emperor was dressed, wasn’t he? ? C. The emperor was undressed, wasn’t he? 2. 我今天晚上得工作到深夜, 对不对? ? A. I have to work late into the night tonight, don’t I? B. I have to work late into the night tonight, haven’t I? C. I have to work late into the night tonight, do I?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

3. 他既不是工人也不是工程师, 对吗? A. He is neither a worker nor an engineer, isn’t he? ? B. He is neither a worker nor an engineer, is he ? C. He is either a worker or an engineer, isn’t he? 4. 我是你的一个好朋友, 对不对? A.I am a friend, aren’t I? B.I am your good friend, am I not? ? C.I am one of your good friends, aren’t I?

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

5. 什么事也不会使我向你屈服, 对吗? ? A. Nothing could make me give in to you, could it ? B. Nothing could make me to give in to you, could it ? C. Not anything could make me give in to you, couldn’t it? 6. 咱们一起去游泳, 好吗? A. Let us go swimming together, shall we? B. Let's go swimming together, will you? ? C. Let's go swimming together, shall we?

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

7. 我们不可以迟到, 对吗? A.

We may not be late, may we? ? B. We mustn’t be late, may we? C. We couldn’t be late, must we?
8. 他们是否来关系不太大, 是吗? A. Whether they will come or not does matter too much, doesn’t it? ? B. Whether they will come or not doesn’t matter too much, does it? C. If they will come or not doesn’t matter too much, does it?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

9. 我们最好不要冒阵雨外出, 对吗? A. We'd better not to go out in the shower, had we? B. We'd better not go out in the shower, did we? ? C. We'd better not go out in the shower, had we? 10. 这个女孩不敢独自回家, 对吗? A. The girl dared not go home alone, did she? B. The girl did not dare to go home alone, dare she? ? C. The girl did not dare to go home alone, did she?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

完成下列反意疑问句
1. We must go at once, ___________? needn’t we 2. My uncle used to smoke, didn’t __________________? he/usedn’t he 3. She must be a music lover, _________? isn’t she 4. Please turn down the radio, _________? will you 5. Let us do the jobs ourselves, will _______________? you/won’t you 6. There were few people there, weren’t ___________? there 7. You need to have a good dictionary,_________? don’t you didn’t you 8. You must have seen her yesterday, _________? 9. If anybody comes here, he will be welcome, won’t he __________? 10. There used to be an old stone bridge across didn’t there/usedn’t there the river, _________________________?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

11. Neither Mary nor her brother is to be present are they at the meeting tonight, _________?
12. Not only the students but also their teacher won’t they will be questioned about it, ___________? 13. The old man shouldn’t have been seated at was he the back of the theatre last night, _______? 14. Peter didn’t believe I had returned the book did he bought from the library, _______?

15. I think the twins can’t have been offered such important roles in the film by the director were they yesterday, __________?
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

选择最佳答案
1. I don’t think that the necklace is made of diamond, ______? A. do I B. do you C. isn’t it D. D is it 2. His wife had the carpets and the curtains cleaned, ______ she? A. hadn’t B. had C C. didn’t D. did 3. It’s my daughter’s wedding next week, and I have to do my best for that, _____? A. haven’t I B B. don’t I C. don’t he D. isn’t it 4. Harry wouldn’t have become a teacher then if it hadn’t been for the holiday, _____? A did he B. had it C. would he D. had he A.
A foreign

language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

5. No one left here yesterday, ______? A. didn’t they B. B did they C. didn’t one D. did one 6. Birds rarely build nests in our garden, _____? A. don’t they B. do they B C. didn’t they D. did they 7. You must have been to the Great Wall, _____? B haven’t you A. mustn’t you B. C. aren’t you D. must you 8. Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, ____? A doesn’t it A. B. don’t they C. does it D. do they
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

9. They must have stayed at home last night, _____? A. mustn’t they B. haven’t they C. D. must they C didn’t they 10. I feel like going to the cinema tonight, ____? A. don’t I B. don’t you D do you C. do I D. 11. Let’s start out early tomorrow morning, ___? A A. shall we B. will you C. do you D. can’t you 12. There’s not much news in today’s newspaper, ____? A. isn’t it B. is it D C. isn’t there D. is there
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

13. They need our help badly at the moment,______? A. needn’t they B. need they C. don’t they D. do they C 14. She is unfit for the position,______? B isn’t she A. is she B. C. doesn’t she D. does she 15. I wish to visit America,_____? A. don’t I B. can I C C. may I D. may you 16. She’s been a worker here for many years,_____? A. isn’t she B. is she C C. hasn’t she D. has she

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

17. What beautiful flowers,_____? A. B. are they A aren’t they C. isn’t it D. is it 18. Mother used to live in a poor village,_____? A. used she B. B usedn’t she C. didn’t he D. did he 19. You’d better go at once,____? A. wouldn’t you B. had you C C. hadn’t you D. should you 20. I am very interested in Mark Twain’s novels,_____? A aren’t I A. B. am not I C. aren’t you D. are you
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

Keys:
1 - 5 DCBAB 6 -10 BBACD
11-15 ADCBC 16-20 CABCA

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

Every success in the future

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

湖南省洞口县第一中学

湖南省示范性普通高级中学

See you
A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science

A foreign language is a bridge to friendship and science


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