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最新2013 Unit7 will people have robots 单词音标及知...

发布时间:2014-02-07 11:54:45  

2013单词及知识点

Unit 7 Will people have robots?

单词 paper['pe?p?r] 纸 pollution [p?'lu??n] 污染;污染物 prediction[pr?'d?k?n]预测 future ['fju?t??r] 未来 pollute[p?'lu?t] 污染 environment [?n'va?r?nm?nt] 环境 planet ['pl?n?t] 行星 earth[??rθ] n.地球;泥土 plant [pl?nt] 种植,植物 part [pɑ?rt] 参加,部分 peace [pi?s]和平 sky[ska?] 天空 play a part 参与 astronaut['?str?n??t] 宇航员 apartment[?'pɑ?rtm?nt] 公寓房间 rocket ['rɑ?k?t] 火箭; space[spe?s] .空间;太空 even['i?vn] 甚至;愈加 human ['hju?m?n] 人的; n.人;人类 servant['s??rv?nt] 仆人 dangerous ['de?nd??r?s] 危险的 already[??l'redi]已经 factory['f?ktri] 工厂 believe [b?'li?v] 相信 disagree [?d?s?'ɡri?]不同意 shape [?e?p] 形状 fall [f??l] 倒塌;跌倒 possible ['pɑ?s?bl] 可能的 probably ['prɑ?b?bli] 大概;或许;很可能 holiday ['hɑ?l?de?] 假日 word [w??rd] 单词; space station 太空站 over and over again 多次;反复地 hundreds of 许多 ;大量; 成百上千 fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌 look for 寻找;寻求

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一、教材分析

本单元通过“人们家里是否将会有机器人”这一话题引出将来时的用法,要求熟练掌握There will be….句型,以及表示请求的句型Will you ……?的用法。因此There will be….. 句型是教学重点。

二、教学目标

知识目标:

(一)重点词汇

paper pollution prediction future pollute environment planet earth plant part peace sea sky astronaut apartment rocket space even human servant dangerous already factory simple believe able disagree shape fall(fell) possible impossible side probably during holiday

(二)重点短语

SectionA:

1.play a part in saving the earth

2.in 100 years

3.on computers

4.live to be….years old

5.less free time

6.world peace

7.be free

8.in great danger

9.in the future

10.move to other planets

SectionB:

1.fly rockets to the moon

2.on a space station

3.be able to…

4.look for

5.look like

6.take a holiday

7.the meaning of…..

8.wake up….

9.one day

10.hundreds of

11.over and over again

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12.do the same things as humans

13.fall down

14.seem impossible

15. as a reporter

(三)重点句型

1.--What will the future be like?

--Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer trees.

2.--Will people use money in 100 years?

--No,they won’t. Eveyrthing will be free.

3.--Will there be world peace?

--Yes, I hope so.

4.Kids will study at home on computers.

5.They won’t go to school.

6.People will live to be 200 years old.

7.We never know what will happen in the future.

(四)语法:一般将来时

一般将来时: 表示在将来某个时间要发生的动作或状态,

三种基本结构:

⑴ will +V.

⑵ be going to +V.

⑶ be + V.ing

一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间

1.Will +动词原型

eg. (1) Kids will study at home.

(2) Everything will be free.

(3) It will be sunny tomorrow.

否定结构: won’t(will not)+动词原型

They won’t visit Shanghai.

疑问句结构:

Will kids study at home

2.由“be going to + 动词原形”构成,表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做到事情。

Eg: Look at the black clouds!It is going to rain .

看那些乌云要下雨了。

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We are going to take a walk after supper.

饭后我们要去散步

3.be+v.ing某些动词的进行时态表示将要发生的动作。

go, come, leave, meet, start, begin, finish, fly, arrive…..

eg. Jack is waiting for a bus. He is going to the park.

杰克正在等公共汽车,他要去公园

My father is leaving for Shanghai tomorrow.

我爸爸明天要去上海

The shops are crowded.Because the Spring Festival is coming.

商店很拥挤因为春节就要到了

4.“There be”句型的一般将来时

肯定句: There will be +名词+其他成份

[注意]:无论后面加单数名词或复数形式,be都必须用原形。

There will be only one country in the future.

否定句:在will后面加not.

There won’t be only one country in the future.

一般疑问句:把will提到there之前。

Will there be only one country in the future?

Yes, there will. / No, there won’t.

(五)话题

本单元的核心话题是预测未来会发生什么,教材内容围绕着对未来生活的预测展开,让学生运用将来时预测未来的生活,这一话题容易引起学生的兴趣。 能力目标:

1. 能够准确理解并运用将来时预测未来

2. 能够区分并准确运用fewer ,less 和 more

3. 学会用there will be 去描述未来生活

情感目标:

1.充分发挥想象预测未来生活

2.让学生在学习中学会合作,交流

三、教材内容解读

(一)重点

1、The vocabulary. 2、Make predictions

(二)难点

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Use the simple future tense to predict the future and write a diary about the life in the future

(三)考点

The simple future tense

(四)解读单词

1.paper n.纸;纸张

为物质名词,不可数,表示“一张纸”要用a piece of paper

Please give me a piece of paper. 请给我一张纸。

【知识拓展】

1).paper 可作定语

paper money 纸币

2).paper意为“试卷,论文”时,为可数名词

Please hand out the papers.请分发试卷。

2.pollution n.污染;污染物 不可数名词。不能用不定冠词修饰。

Air pollution around the world is terrible now.现在全球的空气污染很严重。

【知识拓展】

pollution n.污染—pollute vt.污染---polluted adj.被污染的

3.predictionn. 预言;预测

This prediction can come true.

这个预言能实现。

【知识拓展】

Predict v. 预报;预言+-ion(名词后缀)---prediction n.预言;预测

Can you predict the life in the future?

你能预测一下未来的生活吗?

4. future n. 将来;未来

who knows what will happen in the future?

谁知道未来会发生什么?

【词语辨析】in the future in future

1). in the future 指“将来,未来”通常指将来的某一时间,侧重较长远的未来 He will be a teacher in the future.他将来会是一位教师

2).in future (=from now on)指全部的将来,表示“从今往后,今后,往后? In future,you must be more careful with your work.

从今往后,你工作必须更加小心。

【一言辨异】

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If you want to go to college in the future,you must work hard in future.

如果你将来想上大学从今往后你就必须努力学习。

5. environment n. 环境 不可数名词

we should protect our environment.

我们应该保护我们的环境。

【知识拓展】environmental adj.环境的,有关环境的

6. earth n. 地球;世界

The earth goes around the sun

地球绕着太阳转。

【固定搭配】on the earth 在地球上 on earth 究竟

7. part n. 参加;参与;部分

which part of the town do you live in?你住在城镇的那一部分?

【固定搭配】play a part in …..参与…. take part in…..参加….

Everyone should paly a part in saving the earth. 每个人都应为拯救地球做贡献。 She always takes an active part in the school activities. 她只是积极参与学校的活动。

8. space n. 太空;空间

I like to read the books about space.我喜欢阅读有关太空的书籍

【知识拓展】in space 在太空 on a space station 在太空站

spaceship宇宙飞船

9. even adv. 甚至;连;愈加 可修饰形容词和副词的比较级

It’s even colder today than yesterday.今天甚至比昨天还冷。

The question is so easy .Even children can answer it. 这个问题如此简单甚至小孩都能回答。

10. human n. 人 adj. 人的

Only a truly free person has human dignity.只有真正自由的人才有人的尊严。 We can make robots do the same things as humans 我们可以使机器人做与人一样的事情

【词语辨析】person human people

1).person 是指个体的“人”,泛指一切人,包括男女老幼,就有单数形式,也有复数形式。

We need two persons to help with housework .我们需要两个人帮忙做家务

2)human 表示区别于其他动物或神的人“人”

Are monkeys as clever as humans ?猴子和人一样聪明吗?

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3)people意为“人,人们;人民;”表示复数意义。在句中做主语时谓语动词用复数形式。

There are many people in the hall. 大厅里有许多人。

11. already adv. 已经;早已

we have already finished our homework. 我们已经完成了作业。

【词语辨析】already yet still

1).already 已经。常用于肯定句的句中或句尾,偶尔也可用于疑问句中表示惊讶,意外,用于现在时或完成时。

They have already arrived here. 他们已经到达这里。

He is already an adult. 他已经是一个成年人了。

2)yet 还,已经 常用疑问句或否定句中,位于句尾。常用于一般现在时或完成时

I’m not sure yet. 我还不确定。

Have you seen the movie yet?你已经看过这部电影了?

3)still,仍然,还,用于肯定句及疑问句中。

He is still working although he is tired. 虽然他累了但是他仍然在工作。 Do you still work in the hospital? 你仍然在医院工作吗?

12. believe v. 相信;认为有可能 believe后跟含not 的否定的宾语从句,当主语是第一人称时,将宾语从句的否定转移至主句,即否定转移

I don’t believe you are wrong. 我认为你没有错。

【注意】believe sb.指“相信某人所为”, believe in sb.指“信赖某人的为人可靠”

13. probably adv. 可能;大概

we’ll probably live on the space station in the future. 将来我们有可能在太空站居住。

【词语辨析】maybe perhaps possibly ,probably

这四个词都可表示“可能,大概,或许”。Maybe 相当于perhaps,perhaps是英式英语,maybe是美式英语,一般位于句首或句末,可互换。Possibly 表示“可能,也许,或许”,较probably意味弱,在肯定句中表示可能性很小,在否定句中与can could连用,表示“无论如何也不” 肯定句中与can,could 连用,以加强语气,表示“设法,竭力地”。Probably表示“大概,很可能”所表示的可能性虽不是完全肯定,但比maybe,perhaps 实现的可能性大,多与动词连用。

14. holiday n.假期;假日

I’m going to Beijing on holiday.我要去北京度假。

【词语辨析】holiday vacation

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1) holiday 在英式英语中指人们不工作的日子,意为“假日,休假”a

holiday可以是“一天假期”,也可以是“一次(几天)假期”,holidays泛指“假日”

Where did you spend your summer holidays?你在哪过的暑假?

2).vacation 在英国指大学的寒假、暑假或法定不工作的日子,在美国指任何假日\假期 Most Americans do housework or go out when they are on vacation

(五)解读句型

1.Everything will be free. 一切都将是免费的。

everything 是不定代词, 作主语时谓语动词用单数。形容词放在后面。 Everything goes well. 一切进展顺利。

There is nothing new in the newspaper. 今天的报纸上没什么新鲜事。

free 是形容词,免费的,还可表示“空闲的”固定搭配in your free time在你有空的时候

Are you free tomorrow?你明天有空吗?

2.People will live to be 200 years old.人们将活到200岁。

live to be +数词+years old 活到……岁

I think you can live to be 80 years old if you have a healthy habit.

我认为如果你有一个健康的生活方式你能活到80岁。

3.Will people use money in 100 years.

人们一百年后使用钱吗?

in 表示“在……之后”常用于将来时。

I’ll come back in three days. 我三天后回来。

【词语辨析】in after

1)in 指以现在为起点的“在一段时间以后”也可表示“在将来的多少时间之内”句中谓语动词用将来时

I can finish the work in two days. 我两天之内能完成这项工作。

She will graduate in two years. 她两年后毕业。

2)after 指以过去时间为起点的“在一段时间以后”,所以与过去时态连用。当after指某个特定的未来时刻或日期之后,或指一将来某一时间为起点的若干时间之后时,他可以与将来时态连用。

Eg.He started on Sunday and arrived in Beijing after three days.

他周日启程三天后抵达的北京。

I’ll be back after three o’clock. 他三点之后回来。

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4.There will be fewer people. There will be less free time.there will be more pollution .

会有较少的人,较少的空闲时间,更多的污染

? fewer 是few 比较级,其后接名词复数。“较少的,少量的”与less 是同义。 I have fewer friends in my class.在我们班我有较少的朋友。

? less 是little 的比较级,其后接不可数名词。“较少的,少量的”

? more 是many 和much 的比较级 即可跟不可数名词也可跟复数名词。“更

多”

He has more money and more friends

他有更多的钱和更多的朋友。

There will be less pollution in the future.将来会有较少的污染。

5.(be)in great danger.处于极度危险中。

They are in great danger .他们处于极度危险中

We should save animals in danger. 我们应该拯救处于危险中的动物。

6.There are already robots working in factories.

There be+n. +v.ing .某地有某人正在做某事

There are many girls singing in the room . 有许多女孩正在房间里唱歌。

7.over and over again 反复地

He plays the same music over and over again. 他反复地弹奏同一首曲子。

8.do the same things as us 和我们做一样的事

the same…..as…..与…..一样

He wears the same shirt as his friend.他和他的朋友穿一样的衬衫。

9.Scientissts are now trying to make robots look like humans

? make sb. do …..使某人做…..

His boss often makes him work all day. 他的老板经常让他整天工作。

? look like…. 看起来像…..

He looks like his father .他长的像他的爸爸。

10.It’s easy for children to wake up and know where they are.

对于孩子来说醒来并知道他们在哪里这是容易的。

It’s +adj. for sb. to ……..

对于某人来说做…. 是……

It’s important for us to learn English well .

对于我们来说学好英语是重要的。

11.Some will look like humans ,and others might look like snakes.

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有的看起来像人,还有的看起来或许像蛇。

? Some……., others…… 有的….. 还有的…..

? One ……., the other…… 一个…… 另一个…..( 仅限于两者,或两部分) I have two friends . One is Tom. The other is Mary.

我有两个朋友一个是汤姆另一个是玛丽。

There are 50 students in our class. Five are boys,the other students are girls.

我们班有五十名学生。五个男生其余的是女生。

12.That may not seem possible now. 那现在似乎是不可能的。

? seem+adj. 似乎…..

He seems happy.他似乎很高兴。

? seem to…..似乎……

He seems to know Tom very well.他似乎很了解汤姆

He seems to be happy.他似乎很高兴

? It seems that+从句似乎……

It seems that you are excited. 你好像很兴奋

13.hundreds of +复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of) Hundrds of visitors come to Beijing every year.

每年成百上千的游客来北京。

14.be different from…… 与 …..不同

His new bike is different from mine.他的新自行车与我的不一样。

difference n. 区别;不同

What’s the difference between the pictures?两幅图之间有什么区别?

15.wake up 醒来(woke)

Robots can’t know where they are when they wake up.机器人醒来的时候不知道他们在哪。

wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人”

please wake me up at five o’clock. 五点请叫醒我。

16.get bored 变得厌倦

get+adj. 变得……

The day is getting longer and the night is getting shorter.白天逐渐变长夜晚逐渐变短

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17.be able to与can 能、会

be able to用于各种时态,而can只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中。例如:

I have been able to speak two languages. (不可以用can)

我已经会说两门语言

We will be able to fly to the moon for vacation. (不可以用can)

我们将能够去月球度假

Mary could sing well when she was five years old.

玛丽五岁时歌唱得好。

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