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英语单选及答案

发布时间:2014-02-07 16:44:33  

名词、冠词、代词 [创新预测]

1.(2013?6?1四川省六校联合诊断)Both sides are determined to get what they want, and there seems to be no possibility of ________.

A.competence B.composition C.competition D.compromise

解析:选D 考查名词辨析。句意:双方都决意得到他们想要的东西,似乎没有妥协的可能。 competence“能力;胜任;本领”;composition“成分;作品”;competition“竞争”;compromise “妥协;折衷”。

2.(2013?6?1江西十所重点中学联考)—Why did you say that yesterday? —It was just a casual________.I didn't mean anything by it.

A.remark B.judgment C.statement D.discussion

解析:选A 考查名词辨析。这里答话人表示,那仅仅是一个随便的评论,没有什么恶意。因此remark“谈论;评述”,符合语境。judgment“判决”;statement“声明”;discussion“讨论”。

3.(2013?6?1江西两所名校考试)The boss showed his________ of Tom's hard work in the company by raising his pay to $ 5,000 a month.

A.distinction B.promotion C.appreciation D.reservation

解析:选C 考查名词辨析。句意:老板通过将汤姆的月薪提升至5 000 美元来表示对他的赏识。appreciation 意为“欣赏,赏识”,符合句意。

4.(2013?6?1陕西宝鸡二模)In his absence, I would like to thank all concerned on my brother's ________.

A.behalf B.part C.business D.interest

解析:选A 考查名词辨析。句意:我弟弟没在场,我想代表他向所有相关的人员表示感谢。 on sb.'s behalf = on behalf of sb.,为固定短语,意为“代表某人”,符合句意。for sb.'s part “就某人而言”;on business“因公”;in sb.'s interest“为了某人的利益 ”。

5.(2013?6?1浙江第一次五校联考)We don't think the experiment is ________ failure. At least we have gained ________ experience for future success.

A.the; a B.a; / C.a; an D.the; the

解析:选 B 第一空后的 failure 表示“失败的事”,因此其前面用不定冠词 a,为抽象名词具体化的用法;experience 表示“经验”时为不可数名词,此处表示泛指意义,所以第二空不用冠词。

6.(2013?6?1山东省十二校高三联考)Much to our surprise, the

witness's ________ of the traffic accident differed from the official version in several aspects.

A.account B.opinion C.instruction D.explanation

解析:选A 考查名词辨析。句意:很让我们吃惊的是,目击者对这起交通事故的描述在几个方面和官方的版本不同。account“描述”,符合句意。opinion“看法”;instruction“说明”; explanation“解释”。

7.(2013?6?1烟台市高三二模)It was a difficult job for him.He had tried everything but it made little ________.

A.use B.good C.difference D.result

解析:选C 考查名词辨析。句意:这个工作对他来说有点难,他做了各种各样的努力,但没有什么成效。make a difference“起作用;有影响”,此处的make little difference 表示“没有多大作用”,符合题意。

8.(2013?6?1江西景德镇市模拟)This online game has been intended to improve children's ________. A.intelligence B.reputation

C.responsibility D.impression

解析:选A 考查名词辨析。句意:这个网络游戏是为了提高孩子们的智力。intelligence“智力”,符合句意。reputation“名誉”;responsibility“责任”;impression“印象”。

9.(2013?6?1临沂市模拟)The patient's family has expressed their ________ to the press in letters for the money raised.

A.purpose B.apologies C.gratitude D.sympathy

解析:选C 考查名词辨析。句意:病人家属为收到的捐款向媒体表达了感激之情。 purpose “目的”;apology“道歉”;gratitude“感激;感谢”;sympathy“同情”。

10.(2013?6?1威海两校4 月检测)—Where will you start your work after ________ graduation? —Mum, it's not been decided yet. I might continue my study for ________ higher degree.

A.the; the B./; the C./; a D.the; /

解析:选C 考查冠词。句意:“毕业后你会去哪儿工作呢?”“妈妈,这还没有决定呢。我或许会继续我的学业以获取一个更高的学位。”after graduation 为固定搭配,意为“毕业之后”;后一个空处泛指“一个更高的学位”,故用不定冠词a。

11.(2013?6?1江西六校第二次联考)University is ________ most worthwhile time of discovery and learning, and it is also ________ very

enjoyable and valuable experience for every one of us. A.a; a B.the; / C./; a

D.a; the

解析:选A 考查冠词。句意:大学是一段学习和探索的非常有价值的时光,而且对于我们每一个人来说也是一次很快乐很有价值的经历。第一空,因为没有明确的范围,故不用最高级,a most 意为“很,非常”;experience 意为“经历”时是可数名词,在这里是泛指,所以前面需要用不定冠词。

12.(2013?6?1山东青岛一模)I was told that ________ 10:20 flight would take us to Shanghai in time to reach ________ Fudan University.

A.the; / B.the; a C.a; the D./; the

解析:选A 考查冠词。句意:有人告诉我说10:20 的航班会带我们去上海并及时到达复旦大学。“10:20 的航班”是特指,故第一个空填 the;复旦大学是专有名词,故第二个空不填冠词。

13.(2013?6?1江西重点中学3 月联考)As ________ rule, part?0?2time workers such as babysitters or English tutors are paid by ________ hour.

A.the; an B.a; an C.a; the D.the; /

解析:选C 考查冠词。第一个空泛指“某一个规则”,用不定冠词a;by the hour 是固定用法,表示“按小时”。

14.(2013?6?1银川、吴忠部分中学高三年级联考)We all sighed with ________ relief when ________ plane finally landed safely.

A.a; / B./; the C.a; a D.a; the

解析:选B 考查冠词。句意:当飞机最后安全着陆的时候,我们全都如释重负地松了一口气。relief 作“轻松;解脱” 讲时,为不可数名词,故第一空不填冠词;“________ plane” 特指我们乘坐的飞机,故第二空用定冠词the。

15.(2013?6?1安徽省级示范高中名校联考)As ________ birthplace of Huaxia civilization, Xi'an is ________ city with a long history and abundant cultural relics

A.the; a B.a; a C./; a D.the; /

解析:选A 考查冠词。句意:作为华夏文明的发源地,西安是一座拥有悠久历史和丰富的文化底蕴的城市。birthplace 后面有 of 短语作其后置定语,且“发源地”具有唯一性,故 birthplace 在本句中表特指,用定冠词the;第二空后的city 为可数名词,但“拥有悠久历史和丰富的文化底蕴”的城市并非只有西安,故第二空应该表泛指,需用不定冠词。故选A。

16.(2013?6?1山东日照二模)The teacher praised me for ________

progress I'd made, which was ________ great encouragement to me.

A.the; / B.the; a C./; a D./; /

解析:选B 考查冠词。句意:老师因为我取得的进步而表扬我,这对我是一个很大的鼓励。本题考查冠词的用法。progress 后有定语从句修饰,意为“我取得的进步”,为特指;第二空a great encouragement 意为“一件很鼓舞人的事情”,此处encouragement 为可数名词,故选B。

17.(2013?6?1郑州第一次质量预测)—How do you find the guy who took ________ office last week? —He's always finding ________ fault with others

. A./; a B.the; a C./; / D.the; /

解析:选C 句意:“你觉得上周就职的那个人怎么样?”“他总是找别人的茬。”take office “就职”,find fault with sb.“找某人的茬”,两者均为固定短语,故两个空均不填冠词。

18.(2013?6?1安徽马鞍山两校第二次联考)—Can I ask you a few straightforward questions about yourself? —Sure. I like ________ when people are open and direct.

A.that B.this C.it D.them

解析:选C 考查it 的特殊用法。I like it when ...是固定句式,表示“我喜欢?6?7?6?7”,此处it 无实义。

19.(2013?6?1山东省蒙沂市六校联考)I've always wanted an iPhone and I've just saved enough money to buy ________.

A.it B.this C.that D.one

解析:选 D 考查代词。句意:我一直想要一个 iPhone 手机,而且我刚刚攒够了钱要去买一个。one 常用来指代上文提到的同类事物中的“一个”,表示泛指。故选D。

20.(2013?6?1江西重点中学3 月联考)The cultural background of China is totally different from ________ of the US

. A.one B.that C.these D.those

解析:选B 考查代词。句意:中国的文化背景与美国的完全不同。that 指代前文提到的单数可数名词或不可数名词,故此处用that 指代The cultural background。

21.(2013?6?1陕西咸阳高考模拟考试二)Listening to music can be very enjoyable, but ________ can be appreciated unless you like it.

A.nothing B.something C.everything D.anything

解析:选A 考查代词。句意:听音乐是一件很惬意的事,但是除非你喜欢它,否则什么也欣赏不了。根据句意可知,答案为A,表示“没有什么”。

22.(2013?6?1陕西宝鸡质量检测)—Would you like to go shopping with me on Saturday or Sunday? —I'm sorry. ________ will suit me. I'll be away on business during that period.

A.Both B.None C.Either D.Neither

解析:选D 考查代词。句意:“星期六或星期天陪我去购物好吗?”“对不起。那两天都不行。我那段时间将正在出差。”从I'm sorry 可知空处表示否定意义,且由空后内容可知,此处表示对两者的否定,neither 意为“两者都不”,故选D。

23.(2013?6?1潍坊五校联考)—It's said that Tom is a wise manager in your company. —Oh, no, he is ________ but a wise leader.

A.anything B.anyone C.anybody D.anywhere

解析:选A 考查代词。句意:“听说你们公司的汤姆是个英明的经理。”“ 哦,不是。他一点儿也不英明。”anything but 表示“一点儿也不”,符合语境。

24.(2013?6?1山西太原统一检测)—Who is standing over there? —It must be ________ from an express company.

A.everybody B.somebody C.nobody D.anybody

解析:选 B 考查不定代词的用法。句意:“谁站在那儿?”“肯定是快递公司的某个人。” 在肯定句中,表示不确定的某人要用不定代词somebody。

25.(2013?6?1江西红色六校第二次联考)We are in great need of a more capable manager, ________ with straightforward personality as well as good humor.

A.the one B.who C.which D.one

解析:选D 考查代词。句意:我们非常需要一名更能干的经理,他要有直率的性格和良好的幽默感。分析句子成分可知,空处不引导从句,故排除B、C 两项;而one = a manager, the one = the manager,这里指代的是a more capable manager,故选D。 [创新预测]

1.(2013?6?1安徽六校教育研究会高三联考)The Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman on Thursday urged Japan to stop making irresponsible ________ on the incident in waters off the Diaoyu Islands.

A.comments B.explanations C.arguments D.debates

解析:选A 考查名词辨析。句意:这个外交部女发言人周四敦促日本停止对在钓鱼岛海域

所发生的事件的不负责任的评论。make comments on“对?6?7?6?7进行评论”,符合句意。

2.(2013?6?1辽宁五校协作体一联) I can't say which type of tea tastes better. It's just a(n) ________ of personal preference.

A.affair B.problem C.variety D.matter

解析:选D 考查名词辨析。句意:我不能说哪种类型的茶口味更好。这只是个人口味的问题。It's just a matter of ...“这只是?6?7?6?7的问题”,符合句意。

3.(2013?6?1辽宁大连双基测试)Mo Yan, a most widely?0?2read writer, takes a complete new ________ to describing China's rural and folk culture.

A.way B.approach C.passage D.entry

解析:选B 考查句词辨析。句意:莫言的作品被广泛阅读,他采用了全新的方法来描述中国的乡村民俗文化。 an approach to 为固定搭配,相当于a way of,意为“?6?7?6?7的方法”;passage 指人们行走的“通道,走廊”;entry 意为“进入;进入权;入口处”。

4.(2013?6?1安徽蚌埠一次质检)Finding information in today's world is easy. The ________ is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not.

A.knowledge B.ability C.competition D.challenge

解析:选D 考查名词辨析。句意:当今世界找信息很容易,但困难的事是你如何辨别你所获得的信息是否有用。knowledge“知识”;ability“能力”;competition“竞赛”;challenge: a new or difficult task“挑战;艰巨任务”。

5.(2013?6?1福建毕业班质检)—What does PM 2.5 mean? —It's a professional ________ indicating the condition of air pollution.

A.term B.item C.number D.mark

解析:选 A 考查名词辨析。句意:“PM 2.5 是什么意思?”“它是一个表示空气污染状况的专业术语。”term“术语”,符合句意。item“项目”;number“数字”;mark“记号”。

6.(2013?6?1东北三校一模)The police managed to gain ________ through an upstairs window. A.approach B.way C.access D.passage 解析:选C 考查名词辨析。句意:警方设法通过楼上的一扇窗户进入。approach, way, passage 都有“道路,通道”的意思,且都为可数名词;access 为不可数名词,意为“通道,入径”。空处前没有冠词,四个选项中只有access 为不可数名词,故选C。

7.(2013?6?1济南市名校第四次诊断性测试)One reason for her

________ for city life is that she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants.

A.reference B.preference C.performance D.consequence

解析:选B 考查名词辨析。句意:她喜欢城市生活的一个原因是她能很方便地去商店、饭店这样的地方。preference“偏爱,喜爱”,符合句意。reference“参考”;performance“表演,演出”; consequence“后果”。

8.(2013?6?1福建省普通高中质量检查)Because of H7N9 bird flu, all the chicken markets in Shanghai have been closed and won't open until further ________.

A.sign B.symbol C.contact D.notice

解析:选D 考查名词辨析。句意:因为H7N9 禽流感,上海所有的活禽市场都被关闭直到另行通知才能开放。sign“迹象;手势”;symbol“象征;符号”;contact“联系”;notice“通知”。根据句意可知,应选D。

9.(2013?6?1江苏南京二模)Sometimes it's a bit challenging to reach a ________ between parents' expectations and their kids' desires.

A.commitment B.comprehension C.cooperation D.compromise

解析:选D 考查名词辨析。句意:有时在家长的期望和孩子的愿望之间达成妥协有点困难。 commitment“承诺”;comprehension“理解(力)”;cooperation“合作”;compromise“妥协;折衷”。

10.(2013?6?1河北普通高中教学质监)I found that she was unhappy and didn't say ________ word all ________ way home.

A.a; the B./; / C.a; / D./; the

解析:选 A 考查冠词。句意:我发现她不高兴,回家的路上都没有说一句话。word 表示 “说的话”时,为可数名词,常和say, understand, hear 等词连用,故第一空用不定冠词 a;all the way home 意为“回家的路上”,为固定搭配,故第二空用定冠词the。

11.(2013?6?1河南省普通高中适应性检测一)I have learned that it's taking ________ long time to become ________ person I want to be.

A.the; a B.a; the C.the; the D./; a

解析:选B 考查冠词。a long time 意为“很长一段时间”;“________ person I want to be” 特指“我想成为的那个人”,第二空应用定冠词the。

12 .(2013 ?6?1潍坊五校联考)________ relation between China and Russia has developed steadily since Vladimir Putin was re?0?2elected

________ president last May.

A.The; the B.A; the C.The; / D.A; /

解析:选C 考查冠词。句意:自从去年5 月普京再次当选总统后,中国和俄罗斯之间的关系稳步发展。第一空,填定冠词the 特指中国和俄罗斯之间的关系;当表示头衔、职位的名词作表语或宾语补足语时,其前不加冠词。故选C。

13.(2013?6?1日照模拟)Music is ________ universal language and it is one of ________ ways to learn about another culture.

A.the; the B.a; / C.the; / D.a; the

解析:选 D 考查冠词。第一个空应用不定冠词,泛指“一种通用的语言”,universal 虽以元音字母开头,但它的发音却并非以元音音素开头,故第一空用a;第二个空后面有动词不定式作后置定语,是特指。

14.(2013?6?1福建三明三校联考)At the meeting the chairman appealed to us to take ________ full advantage of the chance of hosting the coming YOG to create ________ better Nanjing.

A.a; a B.the; / C./; / D./; a

解析:选D 考查冠词。take advantage of 是固定短语,意为“利用”,故第一空不用冠词; a better Nanjing 表示“一个更好的南京”,表示地名的专有名词前面如果有形容词修饰,用不定冠词,表示“一个?6?7?6?7”。故选D。

15.(2013?6?1皖北协作区高三联考)—________Beijing of 2012 saw its first snowfall in the month of November. —Oh, it came as ________ surprise to us

A.The; the B.The; a C./; a D./; the

解析:选 B 考查冠词。句意:“2012 年北京的第一场雪是在 11 月下的。”“噢,对于我们来说,它是一件令人惊讶的事情。”第一空由后面的2012 修饰,表示特指,用定冠词the;第二空后的surprise 是抽象名词具体化,表示“一件令人惊讶的事”,是泛指,用不定冠词a。

16.(2013?6?1大连双基测试)Jogging every morning is ________ good habit. Stick to it, and you'll make ________ great progress.

A.a; / B.a; a C.the; a D./; /

解析:选A 考查冠词。句意:每天早上慢跑是个好习惯。坚持下去,你就会取得很大进步。 “________ good habit”泛指“一个好习惯”,第一空应用不定冠词a;progress 为不可数名词,make progress 为固定词组,表示“取得进步”。故A 项正确。

17.(2013?6?1福建名校质量检查)If ________ of you is against the

plan, we will carry it out immediately.

A.someone B.anyone C.everyone D.none

解析:选D 考查不定代词。句意:如果你们当中没有人反对这个计划,我们就立即执行。 none“没有一个”,符合句意。

18.(2013?6?1四川省南充市第一次适应性考试)You look very beautiful in this dress and there is only one of this kind left here. I wonder if you would buy ________.

A.one B.it C.some D.any

解析:选B 考查代词。根据“there is only one of this kind left here”可知,此处表示前面提到的那一条裙子,所以选B。

19.(2013?6?1江西高中毕业班质量检测)It is not so difficult to learn English well. ________ you need is listening, speaking, reading and writing it every day.

A.Everything B.All C.Each D.Something

解析:选B 考查代词。句意:学好英语并不是那么难。你所要做的是每天听、说、读和写英语。everything“每件事情”;all“全部”;each“每个”;something“某事”。空处为先行词,后面跟的是定语从句,根据后面的“听、说、读和写”可知,这是英语学习的全部。故选B。

20.(2013?6?1安徽三所示范高中质量检查)It is a new kind of robot invented by Chinese, ________ that can feel pain when being used in a dental training course.

A.one B.it C.that D.the one

解析:选 A 考查代词。分析句子结构可知,此处应用 one 代替前面提到的单数可数名词 robot,表示泛指,故可排除the one。it 指上文提到的那个事物,即同名同物,that 指代同名异物,但为特指,均可排除。

21.(2013?6?1山东省胶东示范学校二模)—It's dangerous to take photos of lightning. —The challenge is not for ________, but I think it's worth attempting.

A.anybody B.everybody C.nobody D.somebody

解析:选 B 考查不定代词。句意:“拍闪电太危险了。”“这个挑战不是针对所有人的,但

我觉得值得一试。”everybody“每人,人人”,符合语境。

22.(2013?6?1济南4 月巩固性训练)It makes good sense to buy a large packet because ________ will work out cheaper in the end.

A.it B.this C.one D.they

解析:选A 考查代词。句意:买大盒的是很明智的做法,因为大盒的最终算下来更便宜。此处代词指代前面提到的a large packet,属同一事物,故选it。

23.(2013?6?1陕西宝鸡质量检测)Since my childhood I have found that ________ is more attractive than reading, which is my favorite.

A.everything B.nothing C.something D.anything

解析:选B 考查不定代词。句意:从小时候起,我就觉得读书是我的最爱,对我来说没有什么比它更有吸引力了。根据句意B 项正确。

24.(2013?6?1陕西五校一模)—Will you take these shoes? —No, they don't fit me. Show me ________.

A.another one B.any other C.the other D.some others

解析:选D 考查代词。根据句意可知,此处应用some others,相当于some other shoes,表示“另外一些鞋子”。

25.(2013?6?1昆明质量检测)The atmosphere of Christmas is in a way different from ________ of the Spring Festival

A.this B.that C.one D.it

解析:选B 考查代词。句意:从某种意义上说,圣诞节的气氛与春节的气氛是不同的。此处用that 指代前面提到的不可数名词“the atmosphere”。

[备用] 1.(2013?6?1江西大江模拟)No progress was made in the trade tank as ________ side would accept the conditions of the other.

A.neither B.either C.both D.none

解析:选A 考查代词。句意:贸易谈判没有取得进展,因为谈判双方谁也不愿意接受对方的条件。根据前面的no progress 可知,空处应为否定代词,再根据后面的the other 可知,应填neither,表示“两者都不”。

2.(2013?6?1福建龙岩三校二模)—So, which would you take, the green sweater or the blue one, madam? —________. Can I see some others? I want a pink one.

A.Either B.Neither C.None D.Anyone

解析:选B 考查代词。从“I want a pink one.”可知,这位顾客对售货员介绍的蓝色毛衣和绿色毛衣都不满意,所以用neither,表示“两者都不”。 专题检测卷二 形容词、副词、介词

[创新预测] 1.(2013?6?1福建名校质量检查)In the eyes of American parents, every child is ________, so they encourage them to develop in their own way.

A.familiar B.obvious C.unique D.personal

解析:选C 考查形容词辨析。句意:在美国父母眼中,每个孩子都是独一无二的,因此他们鼓励孩子以自己的方式成长。unique“独一无二的”,符合句意。familiar“熟悉的”;obvious “明显的”;personal“个人的”。

2.(2013?6?1济南市名校第四次诊断性测试)Your statement is too general. Could you be more________ about what you're going to do in the future?

A.special B.specific C.vivid D.complex

解析:选B 考查形容词辨析。句意:你的陈述太笼统了。你能不能更具体的谈一下你将来的打算?special“特别的”;specific“明确的,具体的”;vivid“生动的”;complex“复杂的”。根据句意应选B。

3.(2013?6?1江西南昌两校第四次联考)—Johnson is a qualified driver with more than ten years' experience. —________, I won't hire him. You know honesty is the most important factor I will consider.

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