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2014春八年级下册Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks

发布时间:2014-02-07 16:45:00  

Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks

Section A

1. You could the city parks.你可以帮助打扫城市公园。

【解析1】help v →helpful

2). help oneself ( to )自用(食物等)。

3). help sb. out 帮助某人克服困难,渡过难关、解决问题、完成工作。

4). with the help of 在……帮助下。

5). help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事。

【2013日照】15. — Mary is so ________

— she comes to you whenever you’re in trouble.

A. useful B. careful C. thankful D. helpful

【2012 烟台中考】25. The woman ___all of her money to charities____ the poor.

A. gave off, to help B. gave up, helping

C. gave away, to help D. gave, helping

【解析2】clean up 把……打扫干净(v. + adv.)

①It’s your turn ____________up the kitchen.(clean)

( ) ②Your bedroom is too dirty, please _____.

A. clean it up B. clean up it C. set it up

( ) ③ If everyone pours less polluted water into Dianchi Lake, it will be _____.

A. deeper and deeper B. cleaner and cleaner

C. dirtier and dirtier D. wider and wider

2. The girl could visit the kids to 女孩可以去医院看望生病的孩子们,让他们振作起来。

【解析1】sick /ill :

(1) sick adj.“生病的”,既可放be (系动词)后作表语,


be sick of …“讨厌;厌恶……”

sick person = patient“病人”

(2) ill adj.“生病的”,只能放be (系动词)后作表语,

be ill in hospital 生病住院

ill → illness n.“病;疾病”

①. You look very tired. You must be . (= ill)

②.He had a r. 他有一位生病的母亲

①I think her (ill) is very serious. 我认为她的病是很严重。

( )② The ___ girl was sent to hospital by her mother yesterday.

A. sick B. ill C. good D. well

【解析2】in the hospital 与in hospital



( ) 【湖南邵阳】— My grandfather was ill _____ last week.

— I’m sorry to hear that.

A. in a hospital B. in the hospital

C. in hospital D. in hospitals

【解析3】cheer up 使振奋,使高兴的(v. +adv)

( ) ①You could visit _____children in the hospital and _____them______.

A. ill, set, up B. sick, clean, up C. sick, cheer, up

( ) ② He looks sad .Let’s ___ him___.

A. cheer , up B. put, up C. set up D. call, up

【2013辽宁锦州】11. —He looks unhappy today. —Let’s .

A. cheer him up B. help out him

C. look him after D. argue with him

3. The boy could food at the food bank. 男孩可以在食物站分发食物

【解析】give out =hand out分发(v. +adv) hand out bananas

Our teacher begins_____________(分发) our test paper.

【短语】:give in 屈服 give back=return 归还 give a speech 发表

( ) ①You shouldn’t _____your hope. Everything will better.

A. give up B. fix up C. cheer up D. put up

( ) ②We have raised some books. We’ll ___to the poor children.

A. put them up B. give them away

C. give them away. D. put out them

【2013江苏常州】8. Many social workers went to Ya’an to help clean

water and food to local people to reduce their pain from the earthquake.

A. put out B. come out C. work out D. give out

4. We need to a plan for the City Park Clean -up Day.


【解析】come up with =think up 想出

【短语】:think about 考虑 think of 想起 think over 仔细考虑

【谚语】 Think before you act 三思而后行

【拓展】v+up with 构成的短语:

catch up with 赶上;追上 keep up with 跟上;跟、、、、、保持联系 put u with 容忍; 忍得住 end up with 结束;以.......而结束

( ) ①We need______________(想出) a plan.


( )②My mother came up with a good idea which we all agreed to.

A. thought about B. thought up C. thought hard

【2013黑龙江绥化】19. — It is too noisy here. I can’t stand it.

— Me, too. We have to________ new ways to solve the problem.

A. catch up with B. keep up with C. come up with

5. Oh , what did they ask you to with? 哦,他们让你帮助做些什么?

【解析】help out 帮助; 帮助......出来

【2013山东青岛】24. He ______ plenty of money to the people in the earthquake area ______.

A. put out, to work out well B. handed out, help them out

C gave out, work out well D. gave away; to help them out

6. They told me stories about the past and how things


【解析1】 (1) use v.使用→useful adj. 有用的 use up 用完

Studying English is__________(use).

We use Internet __________(find) information.


①My mother used_________(tell)us story when we were young.

( ) ②He used to ____short and ____ short hair when he was young.

A. have; be B. be; have C. be; be D. have; have

My grandpa is used ___________(live) in country.

①Stamps is used ____________(post) letters.

( ) ②My brother used to _____ up late, but now he is used to ___ up early.

A. get ;get B. getting; get C. get; getting D. getting; getting

( ) ③ Keys are used ___ the door.

A. to open B. to opening C. open D. opening

【记】 He used to wear glasses . But now he is used to wearing contact lenses. 他以前常戴(框架)眼镜,但现在习惯戴隐形眼镜。

7. That interesting. 那听起来挺有趣。

【解析】sound (1)n声音 We heard a strange sound.






Mary has a beautiful voice. 玛丽的声音很美。

Don't make such a noise. 别这样大声喧哗。

【2011大庆4】11. — Did you hear any strange _____when the quake happened?

— No, I was in my garden with my flowers and was enjoying the beautiful _____of my birds at that time.

A. voice; noise B. noise; sound C. whisper; sound D. sound; voice

【2011四川德阳2】4. Stop making so much _____. The children are sleeping.

A. voice B. noise C. sound

(2) vi.听起来,似乎,其后加表语(形容词,介词短语,名词)

—How does the music sound to you? 这音乐你听起来怎么样?

—It sounds beautiful. 它听起来很美。

【2013山东临沂】25. —Do you know the song Gangnam Style?

—Of course. It ________ interesting.

A. tastes B. smells C. sounds D. feels

8. Yeah, a lot of old people are lonely. 是的,很多老年人都很孤独。

【解析】alone / lonely 辨析:

He often walks alone to home .

(2)lonely ①指人孤独的,寂寞的,强调主观感受;②也可指某个地方是荒凉的

( ) ①The old man lives ___,but he never feels ____.

A. alone ;lonely B. lonely; alone C. alone; alone D. lonely; lonely

( ) ② A. quietly B. lonely C. all the time D. by herself

( ) ③ A. already B. together C. alone D. Lonely

【2011雅安】12. His grandparents live ____ in a small house, but they don’t feel _______.

A. lonely; alone B. alone; lonely C. lonely; lonely D. alone; alone

【2012贵州安顺】22.His grandparents live ____ in a small house, but they don’t feel _____.

A.lonely; alone B.alone; lonely C.lonely; lonely D.alone; alone

【2013 上海】67. My old neighbor Charles felt _______ after his children moved out.

A. lonely B. safely C. angrily D. happily

9. We should listen to them and them .


【解析】care for 照看;照顾; 照料

【2013湖北黄石2】 33. Many students in our school _______ the old and they usually offer their seats to them on buses.

A. worry about B. care for C. agree with D. take care


take care =be careful v.当心,小心

take care of =look after v.照顾,照料,照看

take care of 处理,做完

care for v.照顾,照看


【2013广东广州3】23. Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ______ my baby at home.

A. take away B. take off C. take care of D. take out of

10. Mario Green and Mary Brown from Riverside High Schoolhours each week to help others. 来自河畔高中的马里奥。格林和玛丽每周都会花几个小时去帮助别人。

【解析1】give up 放弃

( A. give up it B. give it up C. give away it D. give it away

【2013江苏泰州】13. — It's too hard for me to be a trailwalker.

— Never ________. Believe in yourself!

A. put up B. give up C. hurry up D. look up

【2013江苏连云港】11. It was a difficult time for the quake-hit victims in Ya'an,

but they didn't ________ hope.

A. give up B. give off C. give in D. give out

【2013浙江温州】8. Andrea Bocelli never , which makes him a successful


A. takes away B. gives away C. gets up D. gives up

【2013山东德州】Although many great people ever failed, they never____and

managed to succeed.

A. set out B. stayed up C. kept on D. gave up

【2013安徽】48. The people in Ya'an have met lots of difficulties, but they haven’t


A. picked up B. given up C. looked for D. waited for

【2013山东滨州】24. —Diaoyu Island belongs to China.

—it up.

A. cut B. fix C. give D. set

【解析2】several 可作定语,表示“几个”: = a few

Several boys were injured. 有几个小伙子伤了。

My friend speaks several languages. 我的朋友能讲几种语言

11. He at an animal hospital every Saturday morning.


【解析】volunteer v 志愿 n 志愿者

①Jack volunteered _________(carry) the water.

②They often ___________________(自愿去教) the children

12. ... But I want to learn more about how to care for animals...


【解析】 ―疑问词+不定式‖作及物动词的宾语,

【记】:I don’t know what to do.


【拓展】 “特殊疑问词 + 不定式” 与 “wh – 从句的转换。

“should +v原形“做谓语。

①I don’t know what _________(bring) to the party.

②He wanted to know when_________(go).

【内蒙呼和浩特】③ — Which dress do you like best, Madam?

— Sorry, I can’t decide _____ now.

A. to buy which one B. buy which one

C. which one to buy D. which I should buy it.

13. I get strong feeling of satisfaction when I see the animals and the look of joy on their owners’ faces. 当我看到动物们变得更好,并且它们的主人的脸上呈现喜悦之情时,我有一种很强烈的满足感。

【解析1】(1)so …that 如此…..以致……

―So +adj.+ that‖ “如此……以至……‖


He was so strong that he could lift the heavy bag.

【记】名前such,形副so,多多少少(many, much, few, little)都用so。

【2011雅安】17. The girl is ____ a nice girl ____ we all want to help her.

A. such; that B. too; to C. so; that D. very; that

【2012江苏镇江】Some word puzzles in this book are ____ difficult that ____

students can solve them.

A. such; few B. such; little C. so; few D. so; little

【2012广东河源】The teacher speaks very loudly ____ all the students can hear


A. so that B. because C. since D. when

【2013江苏常州2】He offered _____ valuable(有价值的)advice that ___ people disagreed.

A.such; a few B. Such; few C. So ; a few D. So; few

【2013江苏泰州1】9. ―I'm a singer‖ is ________ an interesting TV show ________ many people like watching it.

A. so; that

B. such; that C. so; as 6 D. such; as

【解析2】get better 变得更好

14. She could read by herself .


【解析】at the age of 在......岁的时候= when sb. Was ... Years old.

【2013南京2】28. —Do you know Mu Yan?

—Of course, He won the 2012 Nobel Prize four Literature the age of 57.

A. in B. at C. on D. to

15. Last year, she decided to for a volunteer after-school reading program.


【解析】try out 尝试;实验

【拓展】 (1)try on 试穿

①We should __________________(尽最大努力)to be happy in the future.

( ) ② We should try ___ much fruit.

A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. eats

16. She still works thereto help kids learn to read.


【解析】once a week 一周一次

【拓展】once = one time一次 twice= two times 两次


three times 三次 four times 四次 three four times 三到四次

I chat with my friends online________________(一两次) a week.

【2013年北京】29.---____________do you go to the cinema?

---Once a month.

A. How long B. How far C. How often D. How much

17. ...,but you can see in their eyes they’re with each new book,......, 但是你能从他们的眼睛里看到他们正随着每本新书在进行不 同的旅行。

【解析】go on a journey = go on a trip去旅行

18. Volunteering here is a dream for me.


②______________(实现) your dream through great effort is really cool.


【2013四川遂宁】27. If we Chinese work hard together. China Dream will ______ .

A. come out B. come true C. achieve


【短语】come and go 来来回回

【2013浙江宁波1】24. Scientists are trying their best to _______ ways to treat

the terrible disease called H7N9.

A. come up with B. look forward to C. talk about D. give up

【2013浙江丽水2】25. The great writer has written many stories for children. It

is said that a new one will ______ at the end of this month.

A. go out B. come out C. look out D. run out

19. I can do what I love to do and help others 我不但可以做我自己喜欢的事,同时还可以帮助其他人。

【解析】at the same time 同时,

【2011上海】This novel can make you laugh and cry at ___ same time.

A.a B.an C.the D. /

20. 然而,很少有人会考虑他们能做些什么来帮助他人。

【解析1】however 然而

【辨析 】however和 but 二者都意为“可是,但是”;

⑴ but是并列名词,连接两个并列分句,上下二句在总的意义上构成了对比。

I really don't like cheese, but I will try just a little this time.


⑵ however不能直接连接两个分句,必须另起新句,并用逗号隔开。

It was raining hard. However, we went out to look for the boy.


【解析2】few 几乎没有

【注】 a few/ few

(2)a few ―有一些‖,表示肯定概念,few 几乎没有,表示否定意义。

The man has been here for many years, so he has a few friends.


I am a new comer here, so I have few friends here.



a little/ little

little “几乎没有”,表示否定概念。

There is a little water in the glass.杯子里有一些水。

There is little water in the glass, so you can’t drink any.


【2011?无锡1】 — There used to be lots of fish in the lake.

— Yes, but there are very __________ now.

A. few B. fewer C. little D. Less

【2013重庆】The girl in purple is new here, so ___ people know her.

A. few B .a few C .a little

21. There are many people who are lucky than us .


【解析】less 较少的; 较次的

【2012 呼和浩特1】5. To live a green life, we should try to save ______ energy and produce_______ pollution.

A. more; less B. less; more C. more; fewer D. most; least

【2013荆门3】113. The world’s population is growing _____and there is ____land and water for growing rice.

A. more; less B. larger; fewer C. larger; less D. more; fewer

【2013黔西南3】120. —Remember this , children . _______careful you are ,

_______mistakes you will make .

—We know , Mr. Li .

A. The more; the more B.The fewer; the more

C. The more; the fewer D. The less; the less

【注】less 可用在部分双音节和多音节形容词和副词前,构成形容词和副词的比较级。

【2013 湖北黄冈】26. —— How far is Yuhua Middle School from here?

——It’s around five minutes’ walk.

A. about B. over C. more than D. less than

【2013湖北十堰】13. -Many boy students think math is ______ English.

-I agree. I’m weak in English.

A. much difficult than B. so difficult as

C. less difficult than D. more difficult than

22. , we can make plans to visit sick children in the hospital or money for people. 例如, 我们可以制定一些计划去看望医院生病的孩子们或者无家可归的人们筹钱。

【解析1】for example

⑴for example“例如”,一般只以同类事物或人中的“一个”为例,作插入语, For example,he is a good student. 例如,他就是个好学生。

⑵ such as“例如”,用来列举同类人或事物中的几个例子。

可以和and so on 连用。


Boys such as John and James are very friendly.


【解析2】 raise (raised; raised) v 募集;征集

raise money for... “为......筹款”

【解析3】 home n 家→homeless adj. 无家可归的

【2011宁夏】28. We have only one Earth. It's our common _____.

A. family B. house C. home D. room


【2013河南】23 He was born in Italy, but he has made China his ____.

A. family B. address C. house D. home

【同类记忆】 careless 粗心的 hopeless 没有希望的

【短语集锦】on one’s way home 在某人回家的路上

①You should do something to help ________(无家可归的)people.

( ) ② Mr. Li regards Ningxia as his second ___ because he has been here for

over twenty years.

A. family B. house C. room D. home

【2011连云港】8. After the earthquake in Japan, we are trying to help the

_______ people to rebuild their homes.

A. harmless B. endless C. useless D. homeless

23. Some people even their jobs for a few months to a year to move to another country, like Africa,and help people there.




【2013黄石市】29. Seeing their teacher ____ into the classroom, they stopped _____ at once.

A. walk; telling B. entering; to speak

C. enter; to tell D. walking; talking

【2013年孝感】39. —Dad, why must I stop computer games?

—For your health, my boy.

A. play B. to play C. to playing D. playing 10

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