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反义疑问句讲解及练习

发布时间:2014-02-08 09:47:14  

归纳:1)反意疑问句由两部分组成:前一部分陈述,后一部分提问。

2)如果前一部分用肯定形式,后一部分就用否定形式;如果前一部分用否定,后,部分就用肯定形式。即:前肯后否,前否后肯。

3)如果前句的谓语是行为动词,则反意疑问部分需借助助词do, don’t dose doesn’t或did(didn’t),需使用哪一个,视乎时态、人称而定。

一些特殊的反意疑问句:

1.陈述部分的主语是I'm...句型时,疑问部分要用aren't I。如:

I'm an English teacher, aren't I? 我是一名英语老师,不是吗?

2.陈述部分是感叹句时,疑问部分用be +主语。如:

What beautiful hats, aren't they? 多么漂亮的帽子,不是吗?

3.陈述部分是省去主语的祈使句时,疑问部分用will you。如:

Don't be late next time, will you? 下次不要迟到了,好吗?

Come here, will you / won't you? 到这儿来,好吗?

注意:Let's 开头的祈使句,疑问部分用shall we,Let us 开头的祈使句,疑问部分用will you。 如:Let's start with the song, shall we? 咱们以这首歌开始,好吗?

Let us help you, will you? 让我帮助你,好吗?

4.陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。如:

I wish to go to Beijing, may I? 我希望去北京,好吗?

5.陈述部分用no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。

如:They never go there, do they ?他们从不去那儿,是吗?

6.含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。 如:He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he? 他应该知道该做什么,对吗?

7.陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don't +主语(didn't +主语)。如: We have to sleep here, don't we? 我们必须睡在这儿,对吧?

8.must在表“推测”时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。如:

He must be Tom, isn't he?他一定是汤姆,不是吗?

It must be going to rain tomorrow, won't it? 明天肯定要下雨,是吗?

9.陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn't +主语或usen't +主语。如: He used to be a bad boy, didn't he? / usen't he?他过去是个坏男孩,是吧?

10.陈述部分有had better + v.,疑问句部分用hadn't you。如:

You'd better go there now, hadn't you?你最好现在去那儿,好吗?

11.陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用wouldn't +主语。如:

He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he?

他宁可读十遍也不愿意背诵,是吗?

12.陈述部分有You'd like to +v.,疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。如:

You'd like to go to bed earlier, wouldn't you? 你想早点儿睡觉,对吗?

13.陈述部分有must,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。如:

He must be a doctor, isn't he? 他肯定是医生,是吗?

You must have studied English for four years, haven't you?

你一定学了四年英语,对吗?

He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he? 他肯定是在昨天完成任务的,是吗?

14.陈述部分由neither... nor, either... or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。如:

Neither you nor I am a teacher, are we? 你不是老师,我也不是,对吗?

15.陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it。如:

Everything is ready, isn't it? 一切就绪,是吗?

16.陈述部分为主语从句或并列复合句,疑问部分有三种情况:

a. 并列复合句的疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近从句的谓语而定。如:

Mr. Smith had been to Shanghai for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn't he?

史密斯先生曾几次去过上海,按理说他现在应该在中国,是吗?

b. 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分谓语根据主句的谓语而定。如: He said he wanted to visit Urumchi, didn't he?

他说他想去乌鲁木齐看看,他是那样说的吗?

c. 陈述部分主句为第一人称,谓语是think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的宾语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。如:

I don't think he is clever, is he? 我认为他并不聪明,是吗?

We believe she can do it better, can't she? 我们相信她能做得更好,她不能吗?

17.陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。如:

Everyone knows the answer, don't they? (doesn't he?)人人都知道答案,是这样吧? Nobody knows about it, do they? (does he?)没人知道这件事,是吧?

18带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用need (dare )+主语。如: We need not do it again, need we ?我们不必重做一遍,是吗?

He dare not say so, dare he? 他不敢这样说,是吗?

当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。如:

She doesn't dare to go home alone, does she? 她不敢独自回家,是吗?

19.陈述部分是“there be”结构的,疑问部分用there省略主语代词。如:

There is something wrong with your watch, isn't there? 你的表有问题,对不对?

There will not be any trouble, will there? 不会有麻烦吧,是吗?

20.否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式。如:

It is impossible, isn't it? 这不可能,不是吗?

He is not unkind to his classmates, is he? 他不会对他同学使坏,是吗

反意疑问句专项练习

Everyone’s having a good time, _______?

2.No one left here yesterday, __________?

3.Someone turn that radio down, ________?

4.Anyone can join the club, __________?

5.Somebody tried to gatecrash(无票进入), _________?

6.There’s nothing wrong, __________?

7.There won’t be any trouble, __________?

8.One can’t be too modest, __________?

9.That’s your sister, __________?

10.Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, __________?

11.That he is ill isn’t true, __________?

12.Those belong to you, __________?

13.Nothing can stop us now, __________?

14.Something’ll have to be done about the price, __________?

15.David wouldn’t get such a long holiday if he worked in industry, __________?

16.I don’t think you’ve done it, __________?

17.If he did more work he’d be very good, __________?

18.He said his mother was ill, __________?

19.I suppose Li Ping will come here on time, __________?

20.It’s my son’s wedding next week, and I have to look my best for that , ________?

21.Whether you will go or stay won’t make any difference, __________?

22.We must get rid of carelessness, for it often leads to errors, __________?

23.Give me a hand, __________?

24.Do sit down, __________?

25.Don’t forget to phone me, __________?

26.Let’s go, __________?

27.Let us do it by ourselves, __________?

28.Let me have another try, __________?

29.Birds rarely build nests in our garden, _________?

30.Margaret scarcely seems to care, ______?

31.We’ve saved nothing this year, ________?

32.He is careless about his speech, _______?

33.I’m older than you, __________?

34.What beautiful weather, __________?

35.He has to stay here all day, __________?

36.You had some trouble finding where i live, __________?

37.He has his hair cut every month, ______?

38.Jack has coffee with breakfast, ________?

39.You have a TV set, __________?

40.You had a talk with her, __________?

41.You have bad colds every winter, ______?

42.The old lady has a couple of friends, ___?

43.We ought to read this book, __________?

44.As far as I can remember, Tom used to live here, __________?

45.I needn’t tell you the news, __________?

46.I must answer the letter, __________?

47.You must have made the mistake, _____?

48.They must have stayed at home last night, __________?

49.You must be hungry, __________?

50.I wish to go home now, __________?

51.You’d rather I didn’t say anything, _____?

52.You’d rather go, __________?

53.You’d better have a day off, so that you can look after your sick mother, _______?

54.We may go home now, __________?

55.You couldn’t lend me a pound, _______?

56.You need to come earlier, __________?

57.You did make the shoes yourself, ______?

58.He was spring-cleaning all day yesterday, __________?

59.The party won’t get going till seven, __________?

60.Harry wouldn’t have become a teacher if it hadn’t been for the holiday, ________?

61.Each of the students passed the exam, _______?

62.Each of the students had a try, _______?

63.We don’t think that he watched it, _____?

64.The jar is so small that it could hardly hold you, __________?

65.Neither you nor I am an engineer, _____?

66.Either you or he studies politics, _____?

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