1. Li Lei has already read the book .
Li Lei ______ _______ read the book _____.
2. He has some books.
He ________ __________ any books.
3. They had to do the housework.
They ________ ___________ to do the housework..
4. Jim does his homework at eight.
Jim ______ _______ his homework at eight.
1.Lucy has breakfast at home , _________ ___________?
2.Lucy has finished the work , __________ ___________?
3. John and Tony have to stay here , _________ _________?
4.John and Tony have been to Paris , _______ _________?
5.He had supper at home last Sunday , _______ __________?
6.They had eaten up all the apples before you came back , _____ ________?
三、写出下列动词的四种形式（第三人称单数、现在分词、过去式、过去分词） work__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
do__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
leave__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
play__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
stop__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
sit__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
carry__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
buy__________ ____________ ____________ ________________
We go to school every day.
He goes to school every day.
1.表示经常发生的动作、现阶段的习惯或状态。常用时间状语often, sometimes, usually, always, every day, on Sundays等。
eg；He always helps others.
They are at work now.
A plane travels faster than a car.
China is in Asia.
I will stay at home if it rains tomorrow.
1.He _____ swimming in the river every day in summer. (go)
2.His mother usually ___________ up at six every day (get)
3. I will tell her the news when she ______ (come) to see me next week.
4. He told me the earth _____(move) round the sun.
1.在过去发生的动作或存在的状态，与表示过去的时间状语连用，a few minutes ago, yesterday, just now, the other day, last Sunday, last year…等。
a. We visited a car factory last Sunday.
b. He was here just now.
2.表示过去经常或反复发生的动作，可与时间状语often, always, usually…连用。 When I was a boy, I often went to play in that park.
1. Mr Green ________ the car in 1998.(buy)?
2. He _____ down and began to read his newspaper . (sit)
3. I often ______ football when I was young.(play)
4. Lucy _____ a book the other day. (lose)
5. He ______ me his bike just now. (lend)
6. How often ___ you ___ to the park when you were in Tianjin?
A. do, go B. did, go C. will, go
7. –I have seen the film.
–When ___ you ___ it?
A. did, see B. have, seen C. do, see D. will see
1. will (shall) + 动词原形
2. am/is/are going to +动词原形
1.表示将来发生的动作或将来存在的状态，常与表示将来的时间状语tomorrow, in a few days, next week, next Sunday…等连用。
a. He will be back next week.
b. We will meet at eight tomorrow.
2. am/is/are going to + 动词原形：含有打算、计划、准备将做某事的意思 a. We are going to plant trees next Sunday.
b. He is going to have a picnic tomorrow.
3. am/is/are going to +动词原形还可以表示快要发生的动作.
Look at the cloud, it is going to rain.
①When she ___ next time, I ___ her everything.
A. is going to come; will tell B. will come; shall tell
C. comes; will tell D. come; will tell
② Lucy ___ 16 years old next year .
A. is going to be B. will be C. has been
③ – Don‘t forget to give my best wishes to your parents.
-Thanks, I ____.
A. will B. won‘t C. do D. don‘t
④ There ____ a sports meeting next week.
A. will have B. is going to have C. will be
1. would +动词原形 2. was / were going to + 动词原形
表示从过去某一时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态，常用于宾语从句中。如： a. Lily said there would be a concert later.
b. I was sure they wouldn‘t do that.
c. We wondered when we would set off for London.
1. He said that he ______________ back in five minutes.
A. will come B. came C. would come
2. I ___ that you ___ good care of her.
A. thought; will take B. thought; would take
C. told; will take D. tell; would take
3. The visitors ___ where they ___ a short test.
A. ask; would take B. asked; will take
C. asked; would take D. asked; can take
现在进行时的谓语构成：am / is / are +动词ing
① 表示此时此刻正在进行的动作， 常与at the moment, now, look, listen, be
a. The boys are reading magazines at the moment.
b. Mr. Green is talking with Jim in the classroom now.
② 表示目前这段时间内正在进行的动作（尽管此时此刻该动作并不进行）, 常与these days, these years…连用。如：
--- What is he doing this week?
--- He is translating a novel.
1. Look, the children _________ basketball on the playground.
A. playing B. is playing C. are playing
2.–Shush, be quiet! The baby ___ in the next room.
A. sleep B. slept C. sleeps D. is sleeping
3. Listen! Mary ___ in her room. It ___ beautiful.
A. sing , hear B. is singing, sounds
C. sing, listen D. is singing, hear
4. –Jackson, I haven‘t seen you these days.
–I ___ for the coming English test.
A. am preparing B. will prepare C. prepare D. have prepared
5. -___ the baby still ___? - No, it ___ crying.
A. Has cried ; has stopped B. Is crying ; stopped
C. Did cry ; stopped D. Is crying ; has stopped
过去进行时的谓语构成：was / were + 动词ing
a) He was watching TV when I came in.
b) They were listening to the teacher at seven last Sunday.
c) Jim was watching TV at this time yesterday.
d) He was reading a novel in the library from 7 to 10 last Sunday.
1. He __________ to the radio when I left. (listen)
2. What _____ you _____ at this time yesterday? (do)
3.–Has your father finished his report?
–Sorry, I don‘t know. He ___ it this morning.
A. was writing B. wrote C. has written D. had written
4. –Were you at home at 7 o‘clock last night?
–Yes, I ___a shower at that time.
A. took B. was taking C. was taken D. am taking 现在完成时的谓语构成： have / has + 动词过去分词
① 现在完成时表示说话之前已完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果，句中没有 4
具体时间状语。句中常会出现：already, ever, just, yet, never, before 等副词。如： a. I've already finished my homework, so I can leave now.
b. I have already read that book.
②现在完成时表示到现在为止包括现在在内所做的事情，标志词有：so far / up to now，in the last few years, recently, lately, these days等。
a) He has learned 8,000 words so far.
b) Great changes have taken place in China in the past five years.
c) They have made great progress recently.
d) We have visited five cities these days.
a) He has studied English since 1985.
b) I have lived here since I was born.
c) ---How long have you been here?
---I‘ve been here for an hour.
④英语中有些常用的单词如： come, go, begin, start, finish, find, die, buy, borrow, leave, get up, arrive, become 为瞬间动词，不能用于how long 引导的疑问句中, 也不能与表示一段时间的for+时间段，since+时间点连用。这些瞬间动词和时间段连用时常常转换成延续词语。如：
1.–You are late. The meeting ___ for about ten minutes.
–I‘m sorry. The traffic is heavy.
A. has begun B. began C. has been on
2. Mike‘s father ___ for ten years.
A. has been dead B. has died C. was dead
3. Jim _____ here since last year.
A. has come B. has left C. has been
1. Jim joined the Army two weeks ago.
a) Jim _____ _____ in the Army for two weeks.
b) Jim _____ _____ a _____ _____ two weeks ago.
2. I borrowed the book five days ago.
I _____ _____ the book for five days.
3. Kate has had the bike for one year.
Kate _____ the bike one year _____.
4.He has been a Party member for ten months.
a) He _____ a Party member ten months _____.
b) He _____ _____ in the Party for ten months.
5. Uncle Li died five years ago.
a) Uncle Li _____ _____ _____ _____ five years ago.
b) It _____ five years _____ uncle Li _____.
c) Five years _____ _____ since uncle Li _______.
6. The shop opened two weeks ago.
a) The shop _____ _____ ______ _____ two weeks.
b) It _____ two weeks _____ the shop _____.
c) Two weeks _____ _____ since the shop _____
She has come back. (√) She has come back since last week. (×) 。
⑥ have / has been to , have / has gone to , have / has been in的区别： have / has been to用来表示去过某地，人已经回来‖ 。
Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 你曾去过长城吗？（不能用have gone） They have been to Beijing twice. 他们去过北京两次。（不能用have gone）
have / has gone to表示 ―到…去了，人未回来‖，一般不与第一、第二人称连用。 He has gone to Shanghai. 他到上海去了。（他可能在途中，也可能已到上海） have / has been in +地点 + 时间段 表示在某地…
We have been in China for two weeks.
1. –Where have you been? -I ___ the post office.
A. have gone to B. have been to C. went to
2. Jim ____ Beijing twice.
A. has gone to B. has been to C. went to
3. Where is Lucy ? – She ____home.
A. has gone to B. has been to C. has gone
4. - Is Cindy at home ?–No, she ___ the library. She ___ there a moment ago.
A. has gone to, went B. has gone to, has been C. has been to, went D. has
been to, has gone
过去完成时的谓语构成：had + 动词过去分词
He had learned two hundred English words by the end of last term.
I had stayed in Beijing for three years by then.
She had only been here for ten minutes when Jim came in.
②表示两个动作在过去发生，发生先的用过去完成时，发生后的用一般过去时。 When they got to the field, the football match had already started.
注：在含有由after, before等引导的状语从句中，由于这类词本身的意义明确表示时间的先后关系，因此谓语动词常用一般过去时代替过去完成时。如： a. After he finished his homework, he went to bed.
b. Jim had lunch before his father came back.
1. We ___ in a good harvest because we ___ enough rain.
A. had got; had had B. got; had had
C. had got; had D. got; had
2. By the time the meeting ended, I _____ for about two hours.
A. waited B. had waited C. have waited
3. – What did you do before you came here.
-- I ____ bikes for ten months.
A. has repaired B. repaired C. have repaired
1. May __ to school. A. never walks B. is never walking
C. walk never D. never is walking
2. Since ten years ago great changes __ in China.
A. happened B. have been happened C. were happened D. have taken place
3. we __ for two years so far.
A. have worked B. had worked
C. was working D. worked
4. I will go home for the holiday as soon as I __ my exams.
A. will finish B. finish C. finishing D. finished
5. You __ your train, so you have to wait.
A. will miss B. have missed C. are missing D. had missed
6.Jack has never been to Disneyland before，but he ____there this summer．[沈阳市]
A． has been． B. is going C. went D．goes
7. — It's raining! When did it start?
— I don't know exactly．In fact，it ____all this afternoon. [北京市]
A. lasts B. has lasted C．lasted D．will last
8. --Hello, this is Lily speaking. Could I speak to Mr. Black?
--Sorry. He _________ the Xuanwu Lake Park. [南京市]
A. has been to B. went to C. has gone to D. will go to
9. --I called you at half past nine this morning, but there was no answer.
--Oh, sorry. I ________ with my cousin in the supermarket. [安徽省]
A. shop B. was shopping C. shopped D. will shop
10.—Oh, Mrs King, your necklace looks nice. Is it new?
—No, I______ it for two years.
A. had B. have had C. bought D. have bought
11. _ you ___ your dictionary?
–No. So I have to buy a new one today.
A. Did; find B. Have; found C. Are; finding D. Had; found
12. -How clean the bedroom is!
–Yes, I am sure that someone ____it.
A. cleans B. cleaned C. has cleaned D. had cleaned
13. - ___ you ___ your drawing?
-Not yet! It will be done in a few minutes.
A. Did; finish B. Will; finish
C. Do; finish D. Have; finished
14. He ___ his homework and is now listening to music.
A. finishes B. has finished C. finish D. is finishing
15.–Did you see a girl in red pass by just now?
–No, sir. I___ a newspaper.
A. read B. am reading C. would read D. was reading
Xiao Shenyang, a comedy actor, was born in 1981 in Liaoning, China. He
(76)___________(become) famous after taking part in the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. He is one of the students of Zhao Benshan. He (77)___________(be) good at Er Ren Zhuan, a popular folk(民间的) song-and- dance duet(二重唱) in northeast China. He (78)_____________(give) many excellent performances in different TV shows so far. More and more people like his style of performance. Now, he (79)__________9try) to create different styles of performance. We believe he (80)_____________ (make) great progress in the future.
Hi, Mimi ! How are you? We (1)_______________(have)a good time here now .Yesterday we went to Disney World .It was so much fun .I met Mickey Mouse .My parents(2)____________(take) a picture of us together.
It was like a dream world here! I (3)___________(buy)a few things form a store. Tomorrow we(4) _________ (go) down south, to a famous park called the Every Glades .After that ,we are going to drive to the beach .I hope I can find some shells. Well. time to go .I’ll see you when I ____________(5) (get ) home !
Hello, I’m a reporter from Huanghe TV Station. I am talking to you from Yangtze Park .It is a bright Saturday morning .Teenagers usually(1)_______(stay) by their computers at this time ,but as you see, these fine girls Li Na and Wang Ping(2)____________(pick) up the trash .It’s quite a sight to see ,watching the two girls making our park a better place .
“We (3)________(start) half an hour ago ,” says Wang Ping while holding the trash bag . ―We(4)____________________ (do) this for about a month .And I am sure if everyone in our city does the same ,our world (5)_______________(become) more and more beautiful ,” explains Li Na .
I made my first trip to clean the forest that afternoon three years ago .I (1)________ (take) a big black rubbish bag with me .Ten minutes after starting to pick up litter , my bag was filled with cans , bottles , broken glass and newspapers .I (2)____________(be) to the forest more than ten times to pick up litter ever since then . I like to be there and I (3) __________(feel) great to do something for the environment . I can’t understand why people drop litter .But I (4) ___________(keep) picking up litter until they stop dropping it .
What I (5) ___________(do) now is only a small bit to help the earth , but I still think it is important .
We have a radio station in our school. it is great because it is run by the students for the school .It(1).______ (start) two years ago .And I(2) .___________(be) a student member of the radio station for two years .Every mooning we tell the student about the weather and latest news .During exam time we have a special program that(3) ._____(tell) the students the things 8
they should or shouldn‘t do for preparation . At the end of the school year, many students who(4) __________(graduate) use our station to give messages to their close friends or teachers .When parents come to visit the school and talk to the teachers in the evening ,we always report the events to the parents, such as outings and school plays .
I‘m graduating soon . I (5) _________(miss) the radio station , and I hope it shall live on forever .
Peter Blake is a successful businessman. Now he (1)__________ (sit) in his bright and large office. Five years ago he was very poor and (2)__________ (live) a hard life. He had worked in a pub as a waiter before he started his own business. During the hard time, he told his parents that he would set up his own company, but they advised him not to do so. He thought, ―I (3)__________ (decide) it already. I (4)__________ (work) hard and try my best to start my own business.‖ He was interested in flowers so he set up a company to sell flowers.
These years his company (5)__________ (develop) very well. And his parents think Peter made the right decision. They are proud of Him.
Miss Grey lived in a small house. She was old and didn‘t like noise at all, so she was very pleased when her noisy neighbor (1)__________ (move) away. Later, a young man moved in, and Miss grey thought the young man (2)__________ (seem) to be quiet.
However, at three o‘clock one morning, the noise of a dog (3)_______ (wake) her up. She thought she had never heard a dog bark there before. It must be the young man‘s dog. So she telephone the young man, said something bad about the dog and then (4)_______ (hang) up the telephone before he could answer. Nothing more happened until three o‘clock the next morning. Miss Grey‘s telephone rang. When she answered, a voice said, ―You telephoned me twenty- four hours ago. Now I
(5)__________(ring) you up to say that I don‘t have a dog! ‖
Today‘s young people are taking a more active part in online activities. Although the Internet can be useful for students to collect information and communicate with their friends, teachers and parents (1)__________ (become) more and more worried about the unhealthy content of web pages in the bar. They (2)__________ (think) that the idea of ―harm- free Internet bars‖ is an important step to protect teenagers.
It was Sunday afternoon and there (3)__________ (be) not many empty seats left in Feiyu Internet Bar. A few teenagers were found playing online games. A person of the bar was walking around watching Internet users‘ online activities.
―My job is to find the people who (4)_______ (look) at harmful websites and then ask them not to do so,‖ he said. ―This is part of the ?harm- free Internet bars‘ project.‖ In order to help start a better environment for teenagers‘ online activities, China‘s Communist Youth League (5)__________ (bring) out the program named ―Harm- free Internet Bar for Teens.‖
But while some people welcome the ―harm- free Internet bars‖, what do many school students think of them?
can, could, may, might, must, need, shall, will, should, would?.
1) can 表示能力。 He can speak five languages.
a) Can I come in ?
b) ---- Can I use your dictionary?
--- Yes, you can. / No, you can’t.
3) 表示能力时be able to与can可通用.
No one can / is able to do it.
I can / am able to mend the bike?
When he was six, he could ride a bike.= When he was six, he ____ ____ ___ ride a bike.
a) You may take the book home.
b) --- May I watch TV tonight?
---Yes, you may/can. No, you mustn‘t.
must 意为―必须‖ ，mustn‘t 表示―不许、禁止‖。
a) I must leave at 9.
b) We mustn‘t waste our time.
C) --- Must we hand in our exercises today?
--- Yes, you must. / No, you needn‘t. / No, you don’t have to.
四. need 的用法：
a) You need not do anything here.
b) She need hardly say anything to him.
c) ---Need I repeat it?
--- Yes, you must. / No, you needn‘t.
1.must 表示推断, ―一定…‖ must +be/do对现在事实的猜测.
a. This French book must be Jim‘s, his name is on its cover.
b. The car must belong to Lucy, she often use it.
2.may, might, could 表示推测， 可能、或许做某事， 一般用在陈述句中。
a. Lily doesn‘t come to school, she may be ill now.
b. John may know the answer, let‘s ask him.
3. can 表示推测，常用于疑问句和否定句中.
a. Can it be true?
b. Someone is knocking at the door. Who can it be?
c. She can‘t be in the reading room.
d. He can‘t be serious.
a) Jim can speak good English, ______ ______?
b) They must finish the work by nine o‘clock, _______ ______? c) He needn‘t get up early, ______ ______?
d) They need to learn English well, ______ ______? e) Jim may know the answer, ______ ______?
d) Lucy may be in the library now, ______ ______? e) They must reach Beijing now, ______ ______?
1. She must be in the reading room now.(否定句)
She _____ _____ in the reading room now.
2. This French book must be Jim‘s. (否定句)
This French book _________ ________ Jim’s.
3. The car must belong to Lucy. (否定句)
The car ____________ belong to Lucy.