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新概念第二册第27课课件

发布时间:2014-02-09 13:53:10  

Lesson 27

A wet night

tent
? put up a tent 搭帐篷 ? pull down a tent 拆帐篷
We always sleep in a tent when we go camping.

field
? n. 田野,领域,专业,视野 ? in the field 在田地里 ? one’s special field 某人的专业 ? a wide field of vision 广阔的视野 football field 足球场地 airfield 飞机场(介词用on)

airport 机场 at/in the airport

smell/smelled/smelt
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? v. 闻起来 1) (感官动词) + adj. 2) 不用于被动语态,不用于进行时态 eg. The fish smells delicious. 这类动词很常见: eg. The story sounds interesting. eg. The girl looks charming. eg. The material feels soft.

smell v. 嗅到(实意动词)
? ? ? ? eg. I can smell trouble coming. eg. I smelled something burnt. smell round/smell about 东嗅西嗅 eg. The dogs were smelling round,perhaps they smelt the thief. ? smell of 带有…气味(指令人不快的气味) ? eg. Your breath smells of brandy. ? eg. The house smells of paint.

wonderful adj. 极好的
? ? ? ? ? Fantastic! [f? n?t?stik] Great ! (与物相连,口语中用得更多) Excellent ! adj.卓越的, 极好的(与人相连) Outstanding ! (人) 好得站了出来 Brilliant! [?brilj?nt] adj. 灿烂的,有才气的

campfire n. 营火,篝火
? ? ? ? ? Camp n. 营地 a holiday camp 度假营地 an army camp 军营 pitch a camp 扎营 have a foot in both camps 脚踏两只船

camp v. 扎营,露营
? go camping 野营度假
? They camped near the top of the mountain.

? campfire 营火,篝火 ? open fire 在野外生的火,篝火 ? camp bed 折叠床,行军床

creep(crept, crept)
? v. 慢慢地,悄悄地或偷偷地移动 (尤指弯着腰走) The thief crept along the corridor.['k?rid?:] 走廊 ? eg. The boys crept into their tent. ? climb v. 爬climb up or down (上下爬) ? crawl v. 平行地爬

? bell the cat 舍己为人,为他人利益去冒险 ? bell the cat是一个固定短语,意思是“为了大家 的利益承担风险”,这个短语是怎么来的呢? ? bell the cat源自一个故事:有一窝老鼠,因为怕 猫,不敢出去找食物。其中有一只老鼠想了一个 办法,在猫的脖子上套一个铃铛,这样,他们就 可以知道猫在哪里,然后避开它找食物。这个办 法得到全体老鼠的一致拥护,但有一个最重要的 问题尚未解决:谁去给猫套铃铛呢?也就是: Who will bell the cat? 这个故事的结局怎样,没 有明确的说法,但bell the cat这个短语却被人们 反复引用,成了习语。 ? eg. It's quite difficult to get a man who can bell the cat. ? 很难找到危险时刻能够挺身而出的人了。

? 动词加ing 变成形容词作定语有两个意思 : ? ① 正在…… 如:sleeping dog ? Let sleeping dogs lie. 不捅马蜂窝,蜂也不 来蛰 ? ② 用来做…… 如:sleeping bag ? go to bed 上

床 ? go to sleep 睡觉 ? fall asleep坠入梦乡 ? sleeging car 卧铺车厢 ? sleeping pill 安眠药

sleeping bag

comfort n.[U]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1) 舒适,身心健康,安慰 live in comfort 过得舒适 a few words of comfort 几句安慰的话 2) 令人安慰的人或事 (single) Her children are a great comfort to her. 3) (生活方面)使人舒适的设备 comfort station 公共厕所 (Am.) public convenience 公共厕所 (Br.) comfort sb 安慰某人 The mother comforted the disappointed boy.

comfortable
? comfortable adj. 舒适的 ←→ uncomfortable ? a comfortable chair 一把舒适的椅子 ? a comfortable car 一辆舒适的车子 ? eg. Make yourself comfortable! 请别客气! ? comfortably adv. 舒适地 =in comfort ? eg. She sat in the sofa comfortably. ? /She sat in the sofa in comfort.

soundly
? ? ? ? ? sleep soundly 睡得香甜 sleep deeply 睡得很沉 sleep well 睡眠很好 be fast asleep 睡得香甜 sound adj. (睡眠)酣的,be a sound sleeper 一个睡得很香的人 ? /be a deep sleeper

leap,leapt, leapt
? ? ? ? ? vi. 跳,跳跃 eg. We leapt out of the tent. eg. My heart leapt for joy at the news. leap 大多用于“前方”的跳跃 jump 向“前方”,“上方”,任一方的跳跃 皆可。 ? leap n. 跳跃 ? leap year 闰年 ? a leap in the dark 有勇无谋的行为,瞎闹

heavily adv. 大量地
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? heavy 1) adj. 沉的;超出一般规模、数量、力量的; a heavy rain 大雨 a heavy snow 大雪 a heavy cold 重感冒 a heavy smoker 大烟鬼 heavy traffic 交通拥挤 2) (食物)腻人的,难消化的 heavy food 油腻的食物 /rich food ←→light food 清淡的食物

stream n. 小溪
? ? ? ? ? ? in a stream/ in streams 川流不息 a stream of water 一股溪流 river 江河 brook [bruk] 小河,小溪 lake 湖 a stream of people 人潮川流不息

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

form
n. 表格,形式 fill in the forms 填表格 fill in the blanks with the right forms of verbs v.形成,构成 a stream had formed in the field. form sentences 造句/ make sentences formal adj. 正式的 ←→ informal 不正式的 formal clothes 礼服 formal politeness [p?’la?tn?s] 表面上殷情

wind
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1) n. [wind] 风 a strong wind/a heavy wind 强风,大风 north wind 北风 2) v. [wa?nd] 蜿蜒 (wound, wound) [waund] a winding road 一条蜿蜒的小路 eg. The river winds down to the sea. eg. The stream wound its way across the field. eg. She wound her way throuth the crowd. wind the watch 上发条 eg. Are you winding me up? 你想气死我?

right adv. 正好
right 做副词时强调后边的形容词、副词、介 词短语,不强调动词,可用just来替换 ? Right here. 就在这儿 ? just like 正好; just as 正如 ? 后边加代词时只能用just,如:just you

就 是你了,不能用“right”代替

2、Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field. late in the afternoon 傍晚 early in the morning 清早 put up =set up 搭建(强调搭,如搭个草棚等) build 建(强调精心设计并且建造) build a car 制造汽车 (一般不用 “make a car” ) make a desk in the middle of 在……当中,在……中间(相对两边,既可 以用于表示地理位置,又可以用于表示时间或在某个过程当中) in the middle of the river 河中心 He heard someone shouting in the middle of the night. Mary was in the middle of reading when her aunt arrived. in the center of 在……中心,在……中部/中央(相对四面,一 般用于表示地理位置,腹地) 在陆地的腹地用 “center” Alice Spring is a small town in the centre of Australia.

3、As soon as this was done, they cooked a meal over an open fire. open fire 在野外生的火, 篝火,盆火(指无遮盖的、没有围起来 的火) cook a meal 做一顿饭 4、After a wonderful meal, they told stories and sang songs by the campfire. 表示“在……之后”的句式:after+从句/doing/n. after I arrived = After my arrival 在我到达之后 when the plane arrived =after the arrival of the plane After his arrival, we have a party. After the arrival of the flowers, I took them and went to my girlfriend's. At 在……旁边: at the door 门边, (紧挨着的) sit at the table 桌边 by 在……旁边,靠近 (不会紧挨着的, 但也不会很远,通常指 距离非常近) Come and sit by me. There are many trees by the river. next to He sits next to me./who is the next? (表示紧邻着的)

5、But some time later it began to rain. some time later 一段时间之后 some time earlier 一段时间之前 some time ago 一段时间以前 a few hours earlier 几小时前 later表示“后来、以后、过后” He told me he would come again later (on). I met her again a few days later. 6、The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent. put out 人为的熄灭火 I put out the fire. be out 火自动熄灭 The fire is out. 7、In the middle of the night, two boys woke up and began shouting. in the middle of the night=midnight at midnight 在午夜 the mid-autumn day 中秋节 wake up 醒来(主语自己醒) wake sb. up 唤醒 开始干某事:begin doing/start doing/begin to do/start to do

5、But some time later it began to rain. some time later 一段时间之后 some time earlier 一段时间之前 some time ago 一段时间以前 a few hours earlier 几小时前 later表示“后来、以后、过后” He told me he would come again later (on). I met her again a few days later. 6、The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent. put out 人为的熄灭火 I put out the fire. be out 火自动熄灭 The fire is out. 7、In the middle of the night, two boys woke up and began shouting. in t

he middle of the night=midnight at midnight 在午夜 the mid-autumn day 中秋节 wake up 醒来(主语自己醒) wake sb. up 唤醒 开始干某事:begin doing/start doing/begin to do/start to do

8、It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field. 如果强调某东西自动形成, 则可以用主动态, 如果强调某东西 是人为的, 用被动态 在这里river formed 河流是自动形成 When I'm getting close to the door,the door opened. ( 自动门) The door opened. 强调门自动开 The door was opened. 门被打开, 强调人为的 9、The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under their tent! wind表示“曲折而行”时,既可以是及物动词,又可以是不 及物动词 wind one's way 蜿蜒而行 The car wound through the village. right在此处表示强调,意为“正好、恰恰、就”, I met him right here. He hit the man right on the nose.

【Special Difficulties】 与put有关的短语动词: put up with 容忍,忍受 I can’t believe that he can put up with this. put up 搭建,搭建; They put up their tent in the middle of a field. put out 扑灭 They put out the fire and crept into their tent. put on 穿上 I’m putting on my coat. put away 把……收好,放好 Your room is untidy, put your things away. I have put away all my clothes. put off 推迟,拖延 Don’t put your exercises off until tomorrow. The meeting has been put off. put down = write down 记下,写下,记录下 Have you put down the boss’s words?

谢谢观赏


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