haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

Unit1 Past and present

发布时间:2014-02-09 15:59:04  

8B Unit1 教学简案

Comic Strip and welcome to the unit

教学目标:

1. 识记北京不同时代的交通工具。

2. 初步感受现在完成时。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:past, present, since

词组:not…any more, play with

句型:Eddie, have you seen my food?

I’ve just eaten it.

教学步骤:

Step1

通过FREE TALK,1. What time is it?2. Are you hungry?

3. Would you like something to eat?

4. Which is your favourite food? 导入到Comic Strips的教学。

Step2

请学生合上书,听磁带,回答问题。

1. Where was Hobo’s food?

2. What did Eddie do? Why?

3. What does Hobo think of Eddie now?

Step3

分角色朗读并表演对话。

Step4

合上书,让同学完成下面的小短文,巩固、加深对话内容的理解。

some food in and went away. When he c back, the food wasn’t there any m. So he asked

Eddie,“ Have you s my food?” Eddie told him, “ I have just e 1

it. “ Hoboin the past, but now he is want to pwith him any more.

Step5

通过FREE TALK,

1.How do you usually go to school?

2.How does your father/mother go to work?

3. If you want to travel this holiday, how do you want to go there? Why? 复习以前学习过的五种交通工具,bus, taxi, plane, train, underground。 Step6

给出一组交通工具的图片(包括即将要介绍的三种交通工具coach, double-decker, light rail),让学生分小组提问回答。

Make a dialogue like this:

A: What’s this/that?

B: It’s a …

A: Have you seen it before?

B: Yes, I have. /No, I haven’t.

A: When and Where did you see it?

B: Oh,…

Step7

教师带读生词;让学生完成P7A部分练习;猜谜语,巩固交通工具的表达法。 Step 8

完成P7B部分的练习,让学生分小组提问回答, 引出时间概念。

Make a short dialogue like this:

A: When did people begin to use buses in Beijing?

B: People began to use them in 1935. Buses have been in use since 1935.

Homework

1. 记忆有关单词和短语

2

2. 背诵Comic Strips

Reading(1)

教学目标:

1. 了解北京阳光镇的变化。

2. 学会对比某地过去和现在的情况,并描述发生的变化。

3. 了解采访城市变化时用到的问题种类。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:southern, till, married, wife, over, cinema, turn, factory, waste, pollute, realize, reduce,

Open, lonely, throw, husband, interview

词组:get married, a lot, over the years, turn into, used to, take action, reduce the

pollution, in some ways, open space, feel a bit lonely, from time to time, throw away

句型:I moved here with my family when I was two years old and have lived here since then.

We lived together till 1965, when I got married.

The factory used to dump its waste into the river.

Later, the government realized it was a very serious problem and took action

to reduce the pollution.

It’s nice to have open space and pretty gardens.

教学步骤:

Step1

通过FREE TALK,

1. Where is your hometown?

2. Has it changed a lot?

3

3. Can you tell us something about the changes to your hometown?

导入reading部分内容。

Step2

Fast Reading

1. 回答下面的问题

What’ s main idea of the passage?

2.让学生找出陌生的单词,教师讲解,带读生词并完成P10 B部分的练习。 Step3

Read the passage and answer the following questions.

1.When did Mr. Chen’s family move to Sunshine Town?

2. Where did Mr. Chen live before 1965?

3. How many people lived in the Sunshine Town in the past?

4. Why did Mr. Chen move last year?

5. Were there any shops in the Sunshine Town in the past?

6. What did people say about the shoe factory?

7. Does Mr. Chen think life is better now? Why?

Step4

Listen to the tape. Fill the following table.

Step5

Homework

1. 完成P10 C1和C2部分的练习。

2. 整理将下面短语翻译成英文。

1)对……了解

2)结婚

3)搬出

4

4)水污染

5)在…中心

6)感到孤独

7)变成

8)不时地

9)过去常常做…...

10)在某种程度上

3. 熟读课文。

Reading(2)

教学目标:

1.了解北京阳光镇的变化。

2.学会对比某地过去和现在的情况,并描述发生的变化。

3.了解采访城市变化时用到的问题种类。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:southern, till, married, wife, over, cinema, turn, factory, waste, pollute, realize, reduce,

Open, lonely, throw, husband, interview

词组:get married, a lot, over the years, turn into, used to, take action, reduce the

pollution, in some ways, open space, feel a bit lonely, from time to time, throw away

句型:I moved here with my family when I was two years old and have lived here since then.

We lived together till 1965, when I got married.

The factory used to dump its waste into the river.

Later, the government realized it was a very serious problem and took action

to reduce the pollution.

It’s nice to have open space and pretty gardens.

5

教学步骤:

Step1

复习检查学生对reading部分的掌握情况。

1. 默写重点短语和句型。

2. 核对C1、C2部分的作业。

3. 请同学完成下面的短文填空(以小组竞赛的形式)。

Daniel’s grandpa, Mr. Chen knows Sunshine Town _______. He _____ there since he was two years old. He first lived in the _______ part of the town with his parents.

When he ______ in 1965, he moved to another flat ________ town. Last year, his _______ bought a new flat for him, so he moved again.

Sunshine Town _____________. In the past, there were about 30,000 people living

there. There were their own shops, small restaurants and ________. There was an old cinema and a small post office. Now, the place _________ a park. Mr. Chen missed his old friends very much. So he and his old friends meet in the new park __________and Chinese chess. It’s very _________ for them.

There was once a _________ near Sunshine River. The factory used to dump its

______________ to the river. It killed ___________________ and _______the water. It was a really problem. Now, the water is much ________ because the government ______________ to reduce the pollution.

Step2

播放磁带,学生跟读,教师讲解文章中的重要短语和句型。

know…well 意为”对……了解”

2. My wife and I moved to another flat in the center of town.

In the center of 意为”在….中心”

3. Now, the government turned the place into a park.

turn into (连系动词)在本句中的意思为“变成”。 6

(1) Pleasant 是形容词,意为“使人感到愉快(满意)”,一般用作定语。如果主语是物,

也可以作表语。

(2) Pleased 是过去分词,意为“感到高兴(满意)”,其作用相当于形容词,常与be动词连用,后面可以接介词at, with,还可以接动词不定式

5. The factory use d to dump its waste into the river.

used to do sth. 表示过去存在但现在已经不存在的情况或习惯。to为动词不定式符号,后面

跟动词原形。 (1)lonely意思为“孤独的”,表示主观上感到孤独、寂寞,有较浓厚的感情色彩,指因缺少朋友、同情、友谊时所产生的一种悲伤和忧郁。它是一个形容词,在句中作表语或定语。

(2) alone 是形容词,只作表语,意为“单独的”,“独个儿的”,只是陈述一种客观事实。

Step3

Exercise

完成P11 D部分练习

Step4

Homework

1. 记忆有关短语、句型。

2. 背诵课文。

3. 补充作业:

翻译下面的句子。

1、我的父母是在1990年结婚的。

2、你对我们的学校有多了解?

3、我们的学校现在变成了青少年活动中心。

4、我的爷爷去世后,我的奶奶有时感到很孤单。

5、我爷爷过去经常早上溜狗。现在,他喜欢钓鱼了。

7

Vocabulary

教学目标:

1. 理解反义词

2. 掌握基本形容词的反义词前缀。

3. 在具体的语言环境中正确恰当的使用形容词。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:unhealthy, unlucky, unpleasant

教学步骤:

Step1

1.默写短语和句型。

2.核对作业P11 D部分

3.提问:Do you think people’s lives are better now? Why do you think so? Step2

让学生在笔记本上造句,请3-4人在黑板上写, 教师进行点评,帮助学生复习学生学过的反义词。

要求:所写的句子中必须要出现一到两对反义词或反义词组。

例:My book is new, yours is old. , there will be some important news.

Step3

进一步复习和巩固学生对反义词的掌握,进行小竞赛,让学生进行强答,完成下面词的反义词。

Cheap easy fast good happy

High hot new same long

Complete correct healthy honest kind

Like lucky pleasant polite possible

Step4

让学生总结出P12表格中形容词反义词的规律,教师进行小结:

8

指出形容词反义词的前缀im-; in-; un-; dis-

Step5

1. 完成P12 练习。

2. 补充练习

用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

2) Jack can’t pass the exam, he felt (happy) for that.

3) Oh, I’m very (lucky). The bus just left one minute ago.

4) It’s (polite) for us to speak loudly to the old.

5) Bob, you (kind) to me. You never help with my housework now.

单项选择

( )1.The price of this MP3 is so , I won’t take it.

A. expensive B. low

C. large D. high

( )2. The climate(气候 . You’ll feel comfortable all over the year.

A. uncomfortable B. cold C. pleasant D. hot

( )3. The school life in China is from that in Britain.

A. same B. difficult

C. different D. simple

( )4. The passage is for us to read. There aren’t any words in it.

A. difficult; new B. easy; new

C. difficult; difficult D. easy; easy

( )5. We got to the cinema late because

traffic.

A. light B. large

C. heavy D. big

9

( )6. To my disappointment(失望), the swimming pool was for the whole time during our stay.

A. closed B. open

C. busy D. clean

Step6

Homework

1. 记忆本课所学的词汇。

2. 完成补充练习

将下面的短语或句子翻译成英文

1、写一篇关于…的文章

2、采访某人

3、那个地区的历史

4、七十多岁

5、告诉我很多他的往事

6、虽然他很累,但是他仍然在努力工作。

7、他一个人在外工作,有时感到孤单。

8、对他来说,现在很容易像以前一样经常见他的老朋友。

Grammar(1)

教学目标:

1. 识记动词的过去分词形式

2.能够在语境中正确使用现在完成时

3. 运用现在完成时谈论发生在过去并与现在有联系的事情

4.理解并运用常与现在完成时连用的时间表达方式

教学内容:

四会

词汇:repair, sentence, yet, recently, century, ever, just, own

10

词组:by the way

句型:Eddie has lived with Millie since he was born.

Eddie has lived with Millie for four years.

教学步骤:

Step1

复习提问reading部分的相关内容,使学生对现在完成时的理解容易一些,为导入新课做铺垫。

1. How long has Mr Chen lived in Sunshine Town?

2. When did Mr Chen get married?

3. There have been many changes in this town. What has the center of town became? Step2

板书学生回答的句子,呈现现在完成时。

He has lived in Sunshine Town since he moved there with his family when he was two years old.

It has become a park.

1.教师讲述现在完成时概念:

现在完成时用来表示之前已发生或完成的动作或状态,其结果的确和现在有联系。动作或状态发生在过去但它的影响现在还存在;也可表示持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.教师讲述现在完成时的结构:

(1)现在完成时的肯定句

句型 主语(第一、二人称单、 复数) +have

主语(第三人称复数) +have + 过去分词

主语(第三人称单数) +has

(2)现在完成时的否定句

句型 主语+have/has+not+过去分词+……

(3)现在完成时的一般疑问句

句型 Have/Has+主语+过去分词+….

3. 教师介绍现在分词的构成。

11

规则、不规则

Step3

Exercise

1. Exercise A1 and A2 p10-11

2. More exercise:

(1)He __________ (not finish) the homework yet. He will try to finish it quickly.

(2) My family ________ (live) in Nanjing since 1996.

(3) ________ you ________ (know) him since then?

(4) They ________ already ________ (decide) to go to Kunming for the holiday.

(5) We ________ (move) to the new flat since last month.

(6) The girl ________ (learn) English for about two years.

(7) My father went to Beijing two weeks ago. I ________ (not see) him since then.

(8) ________ Tom ________ (write) letters to you recently?

(9) Jack’s mother isn’t at home. She ________ (go) to the supermarket.

(10) The film ________ (be) on for about 20 minutes. We missed the beginning. Step4

1. 记忆动词的过去分词

2.完成补充习题Grammar部分的相关内容。

Grammar(2)

教学目标:

1. 识记动词的过去分词形式

2.能够在语境中正确使用现在完成时

3. 运用现在完成时谈论发生在过去并与现在有联系的事情

4.理解并运用常与现在完成时连用的时间表达方式

12

教学内容:

四会

词汇:repair, sentence, yet, recently, century, ever, just, own

词组:by the way

句型:Eddie has lived with Millie since he was born.

Eddie has lived with Millie for four years.

教学步骤:

Step1

1.默写动词的过去分词

2.讲评作业

Step2

在黑板上写书含有already, ever, for, since, just, never, ever, yet recently等词的句子,让学生自己找出现在完成时句子中的时间状语的标志。

教师进行讲解:

1、

副词already和yet。already一般用于肯定句中,yet一般用于否定句和 疑问句中。 如:We have already finished our homework.

我们已完成作业了。

They haven't finished their homework yet.

他们还没有完成作业。

2、副词ever 和never。多用于否定或疑问句中,表示“曾经”或“从未“等。 如:-Have you ever been to the Great Wall?

你曾经去过长城吗?

-I have never been to the Great Wall.

我从未去过长城。

3、用表示到说话为止的过去时间状语,如 just, before, up to now, the past few years等。

如:

I have seen her before, but I can not remember where.

13

我以前见过她,但记不起在哪里见过。

He has been there twice the last few days.

近几年他去过那里两次了。

4、副词since, for.

现在完成时可以和带有since或for等表示“一段时间”的状语连用,表示动作或状态从某一时刻开始,一直持续到现在。

如:I haven't seen him for two years.

Mrs. Li has taught in our school since she left normal university.

Step3

1. Exercise B p17

2. More exercise

( )1. I have finished my homework ____. Have you finished your homework

____?

A. yet, yet B. yet, already

C. already, yet D. already, already

( )2. I haven’t seen Kate ____ 4 months.

A. Already B. since

C. for D. yet

( )3. He has ____ seen the film Harry Potter. So he knows nothing about it.

A. already B. ever

C. never D. yet

( )4. She has been ill in bed ____ two days ago.

A. since B. in

C. during D. for

( )5. ---Have you seen him ____?

--- No, I haven’t.

A. already B. never

C. ever D. recently

( )6. I have ____ watched a wonderful film. It’s really interesting.

A. yet B. just

14

C. Just now D. never

Step4

Homework

1. 记忆动词的过去分词

2. 完成补充习题的相关部分。

Integrated skills

教学目标:

1. 通过录音获取有关星光镇变化的具体信息

2.理解书面和口头形式陈述的信息,并做出回应。

3.通过完成一篇日记对听取的信息做出回应。

4.谈论过去和现在的习惯。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:environment, fresh, duck, development, lend, service, primary, relax, feeling 词组:railway station, in service, primary school, on one’s own

句型:I have the same feeling, too.

教学步骤:

Step1

给出星光镇变化前后的两副照片;提问:

1. What can you see in Starlight Town in the past?

2. What can you see in Starlight Town now?

由此,导入新课。

Step2

第一遍播放录音,要求学生尽可能完成P18A1 部分内容。

Step3

15

第二遍播放录音,要求学生尽可能完成P19A2部分内容。

Step4

分角色朗读Speak up 内容,

让学生完成Task 1.

Make a dialogue about the changes to Starlight Town。

A sample dialogue:

A: Where have you been?

B: I have just been to Starlight

Town near Beijing.

A: Really? I went there 10 years ago. I went there bike, what about you?

B: I went there by air/bus…

……

让学生完成Task2

结合实际情况,改编对话。

Make a dialogue about the changes in your life. Use Millie and Sandy’s dialogue as a model.

Step5

Homework

1. 记忆相关的短语和句子。

2. 背诵所学对话,并能模仿所学内容,自编。

3.完成补充习题相关内容。

Main task

教学目标:

1.描述两张体现过去和现在不同的照片。

2.学会描述照片里的具体细节。

16

3.组织语言和描述性文字,写一篇比较形式的文章。

教学内容:

四会

词汇:advantage, recent, describe

教学步骤:

Step1

给出月光镇过去和现在的两幅图片,让学生说出其变化。

Step2

让学生阅读Amy的报告A2,完成A3部分的内容。

Step3

让学生模仿本课所学的文章写一篇关于自己家乡变化的文章。可以给出提示问题:

1. Do you think of the environment of our hometown is good?

2. What can you see in the old pictures?

3. What can you see in the recent pictures?

4. What changes can you see in the two pictures?

5. Why have there been such changes?

6. Do you like the changes? Why or Why not?

7. How did people travel in the past?

8. How do people travel now?

9. Where did you people live in the past?

10. Where do they live in now?

Step4

教师点评学生的作文。

Step5

Homework

1. 进一步完善自己写的文章。

2.完成补充习题的相关内容。

17

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com