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初中英语语法专项突破之英语一般过去时讲解与练习

发布时间:2014-02-09 16:57:48  

初中英语一般过去时知识讲解与训练

第一部分:知识讲解

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,

一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

常和表示过去的时间状语连用

this 型的:this morning/afternoon/evening/week/month/year

Last 型的:Last night/week/month/year The day before yesterday

the night before last the week before last The month before last the year before last

Ago型的:a day/week/year/month ago

其他:yesterday just now

Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were放到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子,将谓语动词变成一般过去式

例如: He worked very hard yesterday.

否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:

⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i,再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said

give-gave, get- got, go-went, come-came, have-had,

eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put,

make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank,

fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, buy-bought

swim-swam, sit-sat bring--brought can-could cut-cut

become-became begin-began draw-drew feel-felt find-found

forget-forgot hear-heard keep-kept know-knew

learn-learnt (learned) leave-left let-let lose-lost

meet-met read-read sleep-slept speak-spoke take-took

teach-taught tell-told write-wrote wake-woke think-though

第二部分:练习

过去时练习:写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________

play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________

worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________

put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June.

It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型变换。

There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:______________________________________________

一般疑问句:___________________________________________

肯定回答:__________________否定回答:_________________

2 They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯定回答:________________否定回答:____________________

三、用所给动词的适当形式填满空白。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What _____ she _____ (find) in the garden last morning?

She ____ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

9.It __(be) Ben’s birthday last Friday 10. We all ___ (have) a good time last night.

11. He ____(jump) high on last Sports Day. 12. Helen ____ (milk) a cow on Friday.

13. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

14. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

15. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

16. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

17. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday. 18 We ____ (go) to school on Sunday.

19. It ____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ___ (go) to his office by car.

20. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

21. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

22. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

23. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

24. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

25. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

26. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

27. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

28.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

翻译:

我和我的朋友们去了中国的长城。(go with)

________________________________________________________________________ 昨天我给我妈买了些特别的东西。(buy)

________________________________________________________________________ 韩磊昨天好像很伤心,因为他错过了一场足球赛。(seem)

_________________________________________________________________________ 我们帮他找到了他父母。 (help)

————————————————————————————————————- 周末我们总是过得很愉快。(enjoy oneself)

__________________________________________________________________________ 我们在为语文考试而学习。(study for the test)

__________________________________________________________________________ 你去哪儿度假了?(go on vacation)

_________________________________________________________________________ 炎热的天气使我感到不爽。(make sb do sth)

_________________________________________________________________________ 肖明决心这学期刻苦学习。(decide to do sth)

__________________________________________________________________________ 李俊没有去上学是因为雨天。(because of)

__________________________________________________________________________ 外国人对我们非常的友好。(be friendly to)

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