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2014春人教版八年级下册unit1复习学案

发布时间:2014-02-10 09:45:16  

Unit1 What’s the matter?

Review

[教学目标]

知识与能力:

1、掌握unit1重要短语和单词

2、Talk about health problems and accidents;Give advice.

过程与方法:自主学习—巩固提高

情感态度价值观:顽强拼搏,永不放弃。

[教学重、难点]

1. What’ s the ? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.问题;事情

What’ s the matter with you?

= What’s the trouble with you?

= What’ s wrong with you?

你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 为名词, 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词 , wrong 是adj. 不能加the

【2013自贡3】18. —What’s the matter ______ Tom. He is wet through.

—His car ran _______ the river.

A.with; in B.to; into C.with; into

【用法】用于询问某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时, 与介词with连用。即:

— What’s the matter with you ?

— I have a bad cold.

( ) ①What’s ____ with you?

A. trouble B. the matter C. the wrong D. matter

( )② — ______?

— Nothing serious , but a bit tired.

—Better have a rest now, dear.

A. Is that all B. Is there anything else

C. What’s this D. What’s the matter with you

2. I have a cold 我感冒了

I have a stomachache 我患胃痛

I have a sore back. 我背痛。

【解析1】have a cold 受凉;感冒

have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 have a sore back 患背痛

have a fever 发烧 have a cold =catch a cold 患感冒

have a stomachache 患胃痛 have a toothache患牙痛

have a headache 患头痛 have a backache患背痛

①Mike’s sister _________________(not have) a stomachache.

【2012曲靖中考】I didn’t sleep well last night, because I _____ a toothache .

A. was B. went C. had D. took

【2013山东莱芜】—Tony, What’s ___ matter with you?

— I have _____ toothache.

A. a; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; /

【解析2】back n 背;背部 at the back of......在......的后面

【解析3】

3. hand n 手 hand in hand 手拉手

V 交给;传递 hand in 上交 hand on 依次传递 hand out 分发

4. She talked yesterday and didn’t drink 她昨天说话太多了并且没有喝足够的水。

( ) Mr. Smith eats ______ food, so he’s _____ fat.

A .much too; too much B .too many; much too

C. too much; too much D. too much ;much too

【解析2】enough 的用法

( ) ① The boy isn’t ___ to dress himself.

A. old enough B. enough old C. old

( ) ②—What do you think of the lecture of Li Yang’s Crazy English? — I think it’s _____ , but someone thinks it’s much too _____.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful; enough; boring D. enough wonderful ; bored

5. drink some 喝一些加蜂蜜的热茶。

【解析】with :⑴prep “具有, 带有‖ , 表示某物带有或具有某种特征。

with (反) without

【2010宁夏1】25. — Would you like some coffee?

— Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee ____ milk.

A. with B. to C. of D. on

6. see a dentist and get an x- ray. 看牙医并且拍张x光。

【解析1】see a dentist = go to a dentist看牙医

【解析2】X-ray/'eks rei/n. X 射线;X 光

【2011湖南湘西】You are ill. You had better ___ the doctor right now.

A. look at B. see C. watch

【2012四川成都】33. —Where did you go yesterday, Rick?

—I went to see a ______ because I had a cold.

A. teacher B. doctor C. reporter

7. What she do?她该怎么办呢?

Should I ?我应该量一下体温吗?

【解析1】should ―应该‖ 情态动词,后跟动词原形,表示责任和义务

【2013重庆】30.Hurry up,or you ____catch the train.

A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn't D. shouldn’t

【2013山西】21. A country has dreams. We teenagers ________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created.

A. may B. must C. should

【2013安徽】You _____ drive your car so fast. It’s very dangerous.

A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mightn’t

【解析2】take one’s temperature 量体温

9. You break away from the computer.你需要远离电脑,休息休息。

【解析】need v 需要

Do you need to drink more water?

My TV set needs repairing.

①I need __________(come) to the office quickly

because some work need ___________(finish) at once.

( ) ②David needs ______ a good rest.

A. has B. to have C. have D. having ◆用于否定句是情态动词

( ) ①— Must I hand in my exercise book now, Mr. Zhao?

— No, you ______ .You may give it to me tomorrow.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. may not

( ) ②You don’t have to go to bed too late at night.

A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. would like to

【2013湖南邵阳】27.—Must I hand it in today?

—No. you _____ . You can do it tomorrow.

A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't

【2013广东广州】20.—Must I finish my homework now?

—No, you ______. You can go home now.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. can’t

【2013湖南娄底】25. —Must I start now?

—No, you_________

A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't

12.The bus driver, Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice.

公共汽车司机,24岁的王平,毫不犹豫的停下了车。

【解析】24-year-old 24岁的

“数词+名词+形容词”构成复合形容词,在句中作定语,用连字符后连接,名 词用单数。

( )① Tom,____ boy, is the only child of the family.

A. a five years old B. a five-year-old C. a five-year-olds

( )② My brother has a _____ son.

A. four-years-old B. fourth-year-old C. four-year-old D. four-year-olds

14. But, they all go with him.

但令他吃惊的是,所有的乘客都同意和他一起去医院。 ?'pra?z] surprise sb

be surprised + that从句 因...而惊讶

Surprise ⑵ n 惊讶‖

__________________(使我吃惊的是),he got the first prize in the exam.

②We are ____________at the _____________news.(surprise)

( ) ③ ___his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain.

A. At B. To C. In D. On

【解析2】agree v→ (反)disagree – agreement n同意

①— Do you agree with him?

— No, I ___________ (agree ) with him.

( ) ②—I think English is more useful than Chinese.

—I don’t ____ you. They are both useful.

A. get on with B. catch up with C. talk with D. agree with

15. Mr. Wang and the passengers , the doctor saved the man 多亏了王先生和乘客的帮助, 医生及时挽救了那位老人的生命。

【解析1】 thanks to 对亏;由于

⑴thanks to为习语介词,thanks不可以改为thank you,to后也不接动词原形, ⑵ thanks for ,意为―因……而感谢‖,for强调为何而感谢,其后可接名词或 【2013黑龙江绥化】23. ________ the teacher, I’ve made great progress.

A. Thank you B. Thanks C. Thanks lot

【2013呼和浩特】74. _____ her husband,she has now become a famous film star.

A. Because B. Thanks to C. Thanks for

16. But the driver didn’t himself. D. With the help

但是这位司机完全没有考虑他自己。

【短语】:think about 考虑 think of 想起 think over 仔细考虑 think up = come up with 想出

【谚语】 Think before you act 三思而后行

( ) ①We need______________(想出) a plan.

( )②A. thought about B. thought up C. thought hard

20. Did you ?你跌倒了吗?

【解析】fall → fell → fallen v 落下; 跌落

fall down 摔倒,(强调“滑倒,摔倒”,指失去平衡而摔倒,后接宾 She fell down from her bike The girl fell off the bike. = The girl fell down from the b ike. The leaf fell into the river.

( ) It’s not easy for Linda to _____ last night, because she was too excited.

A. go to bed B. fall asleep C. fall into D. fall over

【2013湖北武汉】35. —What does the instruction say?

—The colors in the dress will _______ if you use hot water.

A. fall B. appear C. run D. shine

课后反思:

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