haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初中英语代词

发布时间:2014-02-10 10:49:53  

代词知识讲解

代词: 代换名词、形容词等词语的词

一.人称代词、物主代词、反身代词

注意:***动词前用主格,动词介词后用宾格。

***形容词性物主代词后必须有名词,名词性物主代词后决不能有名词。 ***形容词性物主代词+名词=与其对应的名词性物主代词。 2. 人称代词的基本用法:

主格:用作句子的主语,放在动词前(疑问句式放在特殊动词后); e.g

She lives in Toronto, Canada. Does he speak English?

Yesterday my mother bought me a new bike. I usually go to movies with her on weekends. This is my book. That’s his book.

His book is much newer than mine(= my book). She teaches herself English.

宾格:用作句子的宾语,放在动词或介词后; e.g

形容词性物主代词:用作句子的定语,之后必须带名词; e.g e.g e.g 考点要求

1. 考虑表示“两者”还是“两者以上”:选用不定代词时,首先应根据上下文的关联以及句中某个关键词语对不定代词的限制,考虑其说明“两者”还是“两者以上”的人或物。

如说明“两者”,选用both、either、each或neither。 如说明“两者以上”,选用all、(every)、each或none。 e.g. The twin sisters are both good at math.

None of the students in our class wants to go there.

2. 考虑表示肯定还是否定:选用不定代词时,还应根据句子意义考虑应该使用表肯定的词语还是表否定的词语。 如说明肯定,使用all、both、either、each或(every)。

如说明否定,使用neither或none。

e.g. None of us wants more because we are all full.

名词性物主代词:相当于一个名词词组,之后不能带名词(其代换的名词需在前文中出现); 反身代词:一般放在动词后,要求同主语人称一致。

二.不定代词 用于代换上文中可数名词的all, both, each, either, none, neither ( every)等表示不定概念的词语

3. 考虑作限定词使用时同名词的关系:除none以外的不定代词都可用作限定词,其后所带的名词应考虑使用适当all可带复数可数名词或不可数名词;both只能带复数可数名词;either、neither、each、every只能带单数可数名词。 e.g All the students in our class are going to take part in the sports meeting. Every boy in our class is going swimming this afternoon. 的形式。 All the money I have is here.

4. 考虑作主语时主谓一致性关系:不定代词作主语时,应考虑其说明单数还是复数,以便确定谓语动词是否应使用第三人称单数形式(-s形式)以及be动词使用单数还是复数。

both和all作主语时,看作复数,谓语动词不用-s形式,be动词用复数形式;

either、each、neither单独作主语时,看作单数,谓语动词用-s形式,be动词用单数形式;

either、each、neither、none同of一起构成词组作主语时,如of后带人称代词,一般将其看为单数,如of后带复数名词,既可看为单数,也可看作复数(初中英语中常看作单数)。

e.g All of the students are going hiking next weekend.

Both of the twin brothers have been there several times. None of them is going to the movie tonight. Neither of the boys is / are going to watch the football match this afternoon.

other的用法:other, another, others, the other, the others的用法区别

基本用法

other:形容词,其后可带复数名词,如带单数可数名词,其前应加上适当的限定词; another:限定词,其后带单数可数名词;代词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(单数,泛指); the other:限定词,其后可带名词;代词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(单数,定指); others:代词,其后不能带名词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(复数,泛指); the others:代词,其后不能带名词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(复数,定指);

考点要求 注意两个句式、一个搭配和两个区别

1、两个句式的用法

(1)One … the other … 一个 ?? 另一个

注意:使用该句式时,其前应出现说明具体数量的数词two;如出现的数词大于two,one可以根据实际情况调整成其它数词;如出现的数词减去one或调整后的数词后仍大于“1”时,the other应变为the others或“the other + 数词”(两个数词相加应等于所给数词)。

e.g There are two apples here. One is for you, the other is for your sister. There are five apples here. Two are for you, the others are for your sister. There are five apples here. Two are for you, the other three are for your sister. (2)Some … others … 一些 ?? 另一些 注意:使用该句式时,其前应出现说明不定数量的词语;如出现说明具体数量的数词,others前应加上the。 e.g There are many people on the beach. Some are swimming, others are enjoying the sun. Mrs. Smith bought 25 books. Some were for her daughter, the others were for her son. 2、一个搭配:any同other连用时应注意之点: Any others:any同单一的other连用,other应使用others; Any other + 单数名词:any后如还带有名词,用other,名词用单数; e.g Of all the cities in China, Shanghai is bigger than any others. Of all the cities in China, Shanghai is bigger than any other city. 3、两个区别: (1)同数词连用时another和more的区别

another用于数词前,more用于数词后。

e.g To finish the work in time, we need another two men. To finish the work in time, we need two more men.

(2)other和else的区别

Other用于名词前;else用于wh-词或复合不定代词后,其后不能带名词。

e.g What other animals do you like?

Do you have anything else to tell us?

What else did you buy last week?

few, a few, little, a little在用法上的区别

考点要求

人还是表物。

body用来表人;thing用来表物;one既可表人也可表物。 some表示“某”,用于肯定陈述句或用情态动词引导的问句中; any表示“某”,用于否定句或问句; no表示“没有”,用于肯定句说明否定意义; every表示“每一”,用于肯定句或问句。 e.g 错:Everybody in our class are interested in English. 对:Everybody in our class is interested in English. 错:I have important something to tell you. 对:I have something important to tell you. 1. 自身的意义以及对句式的要求:构成复合不定代词的两个部分分别表示不同的意义和对句式的要求以及考虑其表复合不定代词 由some; any; no; every和body; thing; one构成的合成词

2. 复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词使用第三人称单数形式。 3. 形容词修饰复合不定代词,形容词必须后置。 e.g

4. none和其它复合不定代词的用法区别:none在句中不能单独作主语,但可同of连用带名词一起作主语;其它复合不定代词可单独作主语,但不能同of连用。

e.g 错:He is new here, so none knows him. 对:He is new here, so no one knows him. 错:Nobody of them has been to England before.

对:None of them has been to England before.

三. 指示代词 指示代词包括:this,that,these,those。

1. this和these一般用来指在时间或空间上较近的事物或人,that和those

则指时间和空间上较远的事物或人。

四. 相互代词 表示相互关系的代词叫做相互代词。

相互代词有each other 和one another两种形 式。在当代英语中,each other和one another没有什么区别。相互代词可在句中作宾语,定语。作定语用时,相互代词用所有格形式。

We should learn from each other / one another. (作宾语)

Do you often write to each other / one another? (作宾语)

We often borrow each other's / one another's books. (作定语)

The students corrected each other's / one another's mistakes in their homework.

(作定语)

五. 疑问代词 疑问代词有who,whom,whose,what和which等。疑问代词用于特殊疑

问句中,一般都放在句首,并在句子中作为某一句子成分。例如: (作主语) (作表语) (作定语) 作宾语)

六.关系代词

关系代词是引导定语从句并起连接主句和从句作用的代词。关系代词有 who, whose, whom, that, which. 它们在句中可用作主语,表语,宾语,定语. 在主句中,它们还代表着从句所修饰的那个名词或代词。例如: I’m looking at the photograph 六.代词it

1. It的基本用法是用来指代上文所提到的事物。如:.

A: Pass me a blue pen. 2. it, one用于指代用法时的区别:

it代替上文提及的原物;one指代上文提及的、泛指的可数名词单数。

3. 指代不明身份或性别的人也用it。

A:Who's it (knocking at the door)? B: It's me. It

5. 形式主语:不定式、动名词以及主语从句作主语时,为避免“头重脚轻”,要将真正的主语后置。

It is adj. (for/of sb.) to do sth

6.形式宾语:当不定式、动名词、that 从句作宾语,又有自己的宾语补语时,要

用it 作形式宾语,而把真正的宾语后置。如:

Lucy found it能够用于形式宾语句型的动词有think, make, find, consider, feel, take等。 4. 指用作没有具体语义的主语,如表示时间、天气、距离、温度等概念的用法。

代词相关练习

( )1.Where does ____ friend come from? A. you B. your C. yourself D. yours ( )2. This isn’t my pen. _____ is in my pencil case. A. I

( )3. Nancy is mach fatter than _____ am. A. I B. me

( )5.My shoes are cheap. But his _____ expensive. A. is

( )6. Please help _____ to some cakes, children. A. you

( )7.______ are League members.

A. He and me B. I and he C. He and I D. Me and he

( )8.We are in a hurry, so we can’t look after ________.

A. they B. their C. theirs D. them

( )9.“Look at that bike,” he said to his brother. “Isn’t it one of ______?”

A. our’s B. ours’ C. ours D. our

( )10. Would you please give _____?

A him it B it him C to him it D it to him

( )11. She always thinks of ____ more than ____.

A others, her B the others, she C others, herself D the others, herself

( )12. ---Which sweater do you prefer, the yellow one or the pink one?

--- _____. I like a light blue one.

A. Either B. Both C. Any D. Neither

( )13---Look! Do you know ______man under the tree?

---Sorry .It’s too far to see ______clearly.

A. this; him B. that; his C. this; her D. that; him

( )14---Which of the caps will you take?

---I’ll take _______,one for my father ,the other for my brother.

A. neither B. both C. all

( )15---Who helped you clean the classroom yesterday?

---_______.I cleaned it all by myself.

A. Somebody B. Nobody C. Everybody

( )16---Excuse me .I want to buy some stamps. Where can I find a post office?

---I know _______not far from here. You can easily find ________.

A. that; it B. it; one C. one; it

( )17._________of the hats suited him, so Jack had to try on the third one.

A. Neither B. Either C. Both

( )18. ---Have you got ________ready for the sports meeting?

---Not yet. We still have ________to do.

A. anything; nothing B. something; everything

A. this B. that C. it D. them

( )20. ---Linda, help _______ to some fruits. ---Thank you!

A. you B. yours C. yourself D. yourselves

( )21. She is a student and ________ name is Kate.

A. she B. her C. hers

( )22. This English newspaper is very easy for the students because there are _____ new words in it.

A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

C. everything; something B. Me C. my B. are C. My D. Mine D. myself C. be D. am ( )4. Nobody teaches _____ English. She teaches _____. A. her; her B. herself; herself C. her; herself D. herself; her B. yourself C. yourselves D. your ( )19. All of us find _______ necessary to take exercise every day.

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com