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7A Unit 2 My day

发布时间:2014-02-10 11:49:24  

Unit 2 My day

` cartoon `favourite `principal `badminton `practise `swimming

`playground `model tech`nology mu`seum ac`tivities infor`mation

2.不完全爆破

a(c)tivities frien(d)ship the Grea(t) Wall bi(g) trees the firs(t) prize

3.句子重音和语调

Can I `borrow your ↗pen?

Do you `have your ↗books?

May I `watch ↗TV?

Is she `tall and ↗slim?

Are you ↗

busy?

↗music?

1.单词

assembly activities playground snack tuck principal practice

swimmer favourite model badminton cartoon information

technology museum swimming organizing price trip slim

2.词组

it?s time for+名词 是做某事的时间了,该做某事了 more than 多于;超过

get up 起床 twice a week 一星期两次

after-school activities 课外活动 swimming club 游泳俱乐部

have assembly 开晨会 read comic books 看连环漫画书

have lessons 上课 have (no) time to do sth. 有(没有)时间做某事 eat breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早/中/晚餐 chat with sb 和某人聊天/闲谈 do one?s homework 做家庭作业 go swimming 去游泳

watch TV 看电视 I would like to+动词原形 愿意干某事;想要干某事 go to bed 上床睡觉 from...to…

从……到…… keep a diary 记日记 look forward to… 期盼;盼望

a day at school 在学校的一天 turn on 打开(电灯、电视、收音机等) lots of 许多;大量

Here it is! 给你!

娱乐,乐趣;开心

Is it time for breakfast? 是吃早饭的时候了吗? We are in Class 1, Grade 7. 我们在七年级一班。 What are you going to do today? 今天你打算干什么? What are they talking about? 他们在谈论什么? 请尽快给我发电子邮件! Do you like swimming/drawing? 你喜欢游泳/画画吗?

)

1

I (我); We (我们); You (你、你们); He (他) She (她); It (它); They (他们)

人称代词的主格形式在句中只作主语和表语。

例如:We are in Class 4, Grade 7.我们在七年级四班。

Who is that? It?s . (在口语中常用宾格) 是谁呀?是我。

2它们是:

me (我); us (我们); you (你、你们); him (他); her (她); it (它); them (他们)

人称代词的宾格在句中只能作宾语,不能作主语。

例如:Miss Wang teaches us English.王老师教我们英语。

I give 我给他一个球。

3.一般现在时行为动词的一般疑问句句型:

Do /Does +主语+动词原形+宾语?

当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用Does;主语不是第三人称单数时,则要用Do。

例如:Do you/we/they like drawing? Yes, I/we/they do. No, I/we/they don?t.

Does he/she/it like walking? Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it doesn?t.

【注意】当一个句子的主要动词是?to be?时,不用do/does 构成问句,而是把be动词提前。

1 unit2

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例如:Mary is a girl.→ Is Mary a girl?

We are in Grade 7. → Are you in Grade 7?

【知识讲解】

1. Is it time for breakfast? 是吃早餐的时间了吗?

it?s time for+名词,“是做某事的时间了,该做某事了”=it?s time to+动词原形.例如:

It?s time for class.是上课的时间了。=It?s time to have a class.

Is it time for class?该上课了吗?

It?s time for the meeting.=It?s time to have a meeting.该开会了。

Is it time for the meeting?该开会了吗?

2.eat breakfast=have breakfast,“吃早饭”,前者是在美国英语中多用;后者是在英国英语中多用。breakfast, lunch, supper表示三餐,此外还有dinner通常指“正餐”,是指一天中最好的一顿饭。在英国,一般家庭把dinner安排在中午,晚上的饭就叫supper,上层人家则把它安排在晚上,而中午的那顿饭叫lunch。安排在中午的dinner也称early dinner(午餐),晚上左右的叫late dinner(晚餐).例如:

What time do you have dinner?(多用于英国)

What time do you eat dinner?(多用于美国)

3.have assembly开晨会

动词have与不同的词结合表示不同的含义。例如:

have a meeting 开会 have a talk 交谈

have a class meeting 开班会 have a swim 游泳

have a party 举行聚会 have a rest 休息一下

have breakfast 吃早饭 have a walk 散步

have a look 看一看 have a game 进行一次比赛

have a class 上课 have a picnic 吃野餐

have a good time 过得愉快

4.go to bed,是指“上床睡觉”,并不意味着当时就睡着,只是进入了睡觉的形式。例如:

Jim goes to bed at nine o?clock every evening.

吉姆每天晚上九点钟睡觉(不一定进入睡眠状态,也许十点钟或十一点钟才入睡)

〖注意〗go to sleep和fall asleep意思是“入睡;睡着”,强调由醒到睡的瞬间动作。例如:

The man is tired. He goes to sleep very quickly.那人很疲劳,很快就睡着了。

Sleep意为“睡眠”,强调持续的动作。例如:

You should sleep eight hours a day.一天你应该睡八小时。

be asleep强调睡着的状态,不像sleep强调行为,它表示当时或现在所处的睡眠状态。例如:The baby is asleep.那小孩睡着了。

5. Telling your friends about your school life. 告诉你的朋友关于你的学校生活。

tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事

例如:Jack is telling us his new school life.杰克正在告诉我们他新的学校生活。

6. There are more than 1800 students at my school. 我校有1800多个学生。

more than 用于数词前表示“超过、多于”的意思,= over 。例如:

More than five thousand people are there at the concert.五千多人在那儿出席了音乐会。

There are more than fifty students in our class.我们班有五十多名学生。

7.There are lots of nice people in my class.在我班有很多好的人。

lots of=a lot of,意思是“许多;大量”,后既可跟可数名词复数,也可跟不可数名词。

例如:There are lots of (a lot of)eggs in the basket.篮子里有许多鸡蛋。

There is lots of (a lot of)milk in the glass.杯子里有许多牛奶。

8. Amy is my best friend. 埃米是我最好的朋友。

best “最好的”,是形容词good的最高级。

9. Sometimes, we buy snacks from the tuck shop.有时,我们从校内的零食店买零食。

sometimes,副词,“有时”,用作状语,可以放在句首,也可放在动词前,有时也置于句子末尾。例如: I sometimes have letters from him.我有时收到他的来信。

〖注意〗sometimes, some times, sometime和some time的区别:

1)sometimes为副词,意思为“有时”,可用于句首、句中或句末,在句中作状语。例如:

Sometimes he goes to the cinema on Sunday.星期天他有时去看电影。

2)some times是词组,意思为“几次,几倍”,其中的times为可数名词的复数形式。例如:

He has been to Beijing for some times before.他以前去过北京几次。

3)sometime指某个不明确的时间,意思为“某个时候”。例如:

We?ll take our holiday sometime in August.我们将在八月的某个时候度假。

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4)some time指某一段时间,其中的time为不可数名词,意思为“时间”。例如:

I spend some time practicing speaking English every day.我每天花一些时间练习说英语。

10.Mrs.Tang, our Principal, talks to the whole school at 8:00 a.m. every day in the Assembly Hall.

我们的校长唐女士每天上午八点在会议厅同全体学生谈话。

whole形容词,意思是“整个的,全部的”,其同音词是hole(洞;孔;坑)其同义词是all。 例如:We spent the whole day looking for you.我们花了一整天找你。

〖注意〗whole和all的区别:

whole和all作为形容词,都有“整个的;全部的”意思,但用法略有不同。

1)与复数名词连用时,whole强调“整个的”,all表示所有的,近乎每一个的。例如:

It snowed for three whole days.下了整整三天雪。

All my books are kept here.我所有的书都保存在这里。

2)all和whole在句中的位置不同,all放在限定词之前;whole放在限定词之后。例如:

all the time 整个时间

the whole time整个时间

11.I also like playing volleyball.我也喜欢打排球。

also副词,表示“也”的意思,比较正式,位置通常接近动词,一般不用于句末。例如:

He also plays the piano. 他也弹钢琴。

too 多用于口语,位置通常放在句末,其前用逗号与前句隔开,其后用句号;有时too也在句中出现,但前后都要用逗号隔开。例如:

He is a worker, too.他也是名工人。

〖注意〗too只用于肯定句中,不用于否定句中,在否定句中要用either。

12. Millie goes to the Reading Club twice a week. 米莉一周去阅读兴趣小组两次。

twice a week 一周两次,英语表示一次用once,两次用twice,自三次以后用基数词+times表示次数。例如: once a day 一天一次; three times two months 两个月三次

four times 四次 ten times 十次

13. Your mum says we shouldn?t watch TV too much or films.

你妈妈说我们不应该看太多的电视和电影。

should “应该”,shouldn?t “不应该”,是should 的否定形式。

14. She walks him every day. 她每天带他去溜溜。

walk用作不及物动词,“步行;散步”;用作及物动词,“带……散步;带……溜溜”。

例如:

We usually walk to school.我们通常步行上学。=We usually go to school on foot.

Tom walks his dog every evening.汤姆每天晚上带狗散步。

15. What?s the news? 是什么消息?

news “消息”,不可数名词。表示一条消息要用a piece of news.

“许多消息”要用 much news ,不能用 many news ,因为 many 只能修饰可数名词。

例如:I have a piece of good news to tell you.我有一条好消息要告诉你。

16. Peter won the first prize in the football match.

彼得在足球赛中赢得了第一名。 win the first prize 获得冠军,won 是 win 的过去式,表示该动作在过去就发生了。

〖注意〗won的同音词one。

17.I?d like to ask you some questions. 我想问你一些问题。

would like to do sth “愿意干某事;想要做某事”,语气较婉转。例如:

I would like to watch TV.我想看电视。

I would like to have a cup of water. 我要喝杯水。

18. go on a school trip 去学校组织的旅行、远足、郊游

trip名词,“旅行;旅程”,尤其是指短途的游玩或有特别目的的旅行。例如:

a weekend trip周末旅行

go for a trip去旅行

have a trip进行旅行

19. Each student can spend ¥10.每个学生可以花十元钱。

〖注意〗each 和every 的区别

each 和every都有“每一个”的意思,但each指一定数目中的“每一个”;“个别”意义较重,表示各有不同,更强调个人或个别。例如:

Each one has his weakness.每人都有每人的缺点。

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every,指数目不确定的许多人或物中间的“每一个”,强调“总和”,表示“大家”。例如:Every one is here.大家都到了。

each和every后的谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式。

each可主语、同位语、定语和状语,而every只能作定语。

20. We are all looking forward to a great day out. 我们都盼望着出去好好玩一天。

look forward to sth/ doing sth(要跟动名词形式),“盼望着某事/做某事”。

例如:I?m looking forward to seeing you.我正盼望着见到你。

He looks forward to Children?s Day. 他盼望儿童节

21. May I borrow some money? 情态动词 can 和 may

can 表示“能、会、可以”,后加动词原形,否定式为can not/can?t.

may “可以”,后加动词原形,常表示许可或征询对方许可。在口语中可代替can;但比can正式,否定式为may not。例如:

We can speak a little English. 我们会说一点英语

你可以把自行车放在这儿

”许可时,我们常用can;请求“老师家长或其他成年人”我们常用may,表示更礼貌。

(2) may 的否定式如表示不可以、禁止、阻止的意思时,常用must?t/can?t代替may not。

例如:May I watch TV now, mum? No, you mustn?t/can?t. You must finish your homework first.

(3)情态动词的一般疑问句只要把情态动词提到主语前面即可。

本句中的some用于表示客气请求的疑问句中,希望对方能给予肯定的回答。May I …的句型是表示客气的请求句型,故该句中表示一些时用some,不用any。在通常情况下,some用于肯定句,any用于疑问句和否定句中。例如:

I have some questions to ask.我有些问题要问。

Do you have any questions to ask?你有些问题要问吗? There aren?t any questions to ask.没有任何问题要问。 【练习检测】 一. 单词辩音:(选出划线部分一个与众不同的选项) ( ( ( ( ( 二.英汉词组互译:

6. 开晨会 7. do after-school activities

8. 和某人闲谈 9. have time to do sth.

10. 约见某人 11. win the first prize

12. 期盼;盼望 13. keep a diary

14. 一星期两次 15. have a class meeting

三. 用所给词的适当形式填空:

16. Mary often ______ (watch) TV at night.

17. Amy is tall enough ______ (reach) the apples.

18. It is fun ______ (chat) with friends.

19. Can you finish ______ (do) your homework in time?

20. I don?t have much time ______ (play) basketball every day.

21. Does Sandy spend an hour ______ (read) Chinese every day?

22. What ______ (be) the news?

23. Thank you for ______ (organize) the school trip.

24. I?d like ______ (go) shopping with you.

25. We look forward to ______(get) your answer.

四. 单项选择:

( )26.—May I use your pen, Judy? —Yes, ____ ! A. give you B. I give you C. here it is D. here is it

( )27.I don?t know______ this word. A. how spell B. how I to spell C. how to spell D. how do spell

( )28.The girl has____ to do today. A. lots of homework B. a lot of homeworks

C. a lot homework D. lots of homeworks

( )29.We____ go to school on Saturday. A. sometime B. some time C. sometimes D. some times

( )30.They______ at school. A. have lunch B. have a lunch C. have a breakfast D. have the breakfast 4

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( )31. I gave _____ to the poor girl. A. the whole money B. whole the money C. the all money D. all money

( )32. I always speak every sentence_____ to improve skills.

A. many time B. much times C. many times D. few time ( )33.I usually watch TV _____ .

A. two time a week B. twice a week

C. twice week D. two times a week

( )34.I spend some time_____ my dog in the park every afternoon. A. to walk B. walk C. in walk D. walking

( )35.He likes_____ magazines and he dislikes_____ a film.

A. reading; seeing B. see; see C. read; read D. watch; watch

五.根据汉语完成下列各句(每空一词):

36. 一些狗就是不知道怎样玩。

Some dogs _______ don?t know _______ to _______ fun.

37. 我校有200多名学生。

There are _______ _______ 200 students _______ my school.

38. 我最喜欢的功课是语文和英语。

My _______ lessons _______ Chinese and English.

39. Millie每周二次去阅读兴趣小组。

Millie _______ to the _______ Club _______ a week.

40. 我们不应该玩太多的电脑游戏。

We _______ play _______ many _______ games.

六.阅读下面的短文, 完成文后问题:

One day a hungry fox(狐狸)comes to a cock(公鸡)and say, “Hello, Mr. Cock. I know your father is a good singer, but I think you can sing better than him.” The cock is happy. He closes his eyes and begins to sing. The fox catches him with his mouth and carries him away. The people are crying, “Look! The fox is carrying off our cock.”

Then the cock says to the fox, “Hey, my friend. Can?t you hear? The people are saying that you are carrying off their cock. Tell them I?m yours, not theirs.” The fox opens his mouth and says. “It?s not yours. It?s mine.” Then the cock runs away from the fox?s mouth and flies into a tree.

( )41.The fox wants to_____ because he is hungry.

A. get some thing to eat B. see some of his friends

C. talk with the cock D. hear the cock sing

( )42.The cock begins to sing with his eyes closed because ____ .

A. he is full B. he is happy to hear what the fox says

C. he is a good singer D. he likes singing

( )43.The people are crying because ______.

A. they are running after the fox B. they want to catch the cock

C. they want to get back their cock D. they can?t help the cock

( )44.—Why does the cock fly into a tree?—Because______ .

A. it?s safe there B. the people are all there

C. the fox can?t find him D. his home is there

( )45.Which is right?

A. The cock?s mother is a good singer. B. The people catch the fox.

C. The fox eats the cock D. The cock is cleverer(更聪明的) than the fox..

【参考答案】

一. 单词辩音:

1. D 2. C 3. D 4. C 5. A

二. 英汉词组互译:

6. have assembly 7. 进行课外活动 8. chat with sb 9. 有时间做某事 10. meet up with sb.

11. 赢得第一 12. look forward to… 13. 记日记 14. twice a week 15. 开班会

三. 用所给词的适当形式填空:

16. watches 主语是第三人称单数,所以谓语动词也要用第三人称单数形式。

17. to reach 动词不定式作状语。

18. to chat 动词不定式作真正的主语,it在句中作形式主语。

19. doing 在谓语动词finish后面用动名词,表示已经完成的动作。

20. to play 动词不定式作定语,修饰名词time。

21. reading 现在分词短语,作伴随状语。

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22. is news是不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。

23. organizing 在介词for后面要用动名词。

24. to go 动词不定式,表示“愿意干某事;想要做某事”,语气较婉转。

25. getting look forward to后跟动名词形式,表示“盼望着某事/做某事”。

四. 单项选择

26—30 CCACA 31—35 ACBDA

26. 朱迪,我可以用一下你的钢笔吗?可以,给你!

27. 动词不定式在句中作谓语动词know的宾语。

28. homework是不可数名词,只能用lots of或a lot of来修饰,a lot在句中作状语。

29. 在谓语动词前应该是副词,“有时候”。

30. 在一日三餐前不用任何冠词。

31. all和whole在句中的位置不同,all放在限定词之前;whole放在限定词之后。

32. times是可数名词,所以可以用many来修饰。

33. 我通常一星期看两次电视。表示频率。

34. 谓语动词spend后面跟现在分词短语作伴随状语。

35. 看杂志要用动词read;看电影要用动词see。

五. 根据汉语完成下列各句(每空一词): don?t know 40. We 六.阅读理解:

41.A 狐狸因为饿了想找东西吃。

42.B 公鸡闭着眼睛开始唱歌,因为他很高兴听到狐狸所说的话。

43.C 人们喊叫因为他们想取回他们的公鸡。

44.A 为什么公鸡飞到树上?因为树上安全。

45.D 公鸡要比狐狸更聪明。

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