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中考英语代词总复习

发布时间:2014-02-10 13:46:15  




( pron.)

一、人称代词、物主代词、反身代词一表清
人称代词 分类 人称、作用 单数 第一人称 主格 宾格 形容词性 名词性 物主代词 反身代词

I

me

my

mine

myself

复数
单数 第二人称 复数

we
you you he

us
you you him her it them 宾语、表语

our
your your his her its their 定语

ours
yours yours his hers its theirs 主语、表语、 宾语

ourselves
yourself yourselves himself herself itself themselves 宾语、表语、 同位语

单数 第三人称

she it

复数 作用

they 主语

(一)人称代词的语序:

? 单数形式:(二、三、一)

即:you/ he/ I ? 复数形式:(一、二、三) ? 即;we/ you/ they
?

(二)、名词性物主代词和形容词性物主代词
形容词性物主代词在句中做定语修饰名词,一般不单 独使用。 ? 名词性物主代词常用来避免与前面提及的名词重复, 相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”。 ? eg: This is my dictionary. Where is yours? ? 名词性物主代词可用在of 后面做定语,相当于“ of + 名词所有格” ,表示带有部分概念或有一定的感情色 彩。 ? eg: He is a friend of mine.
?

二、it的用法
it既是宾格又可以做主格,有时也可以指人。 ? 1. 代表前面提到过的事物。如: My pen is missing. I can’t find it anywhere. ? 2. 用来指人,主要指婴儿或者身份不明的人。 -----Who is knocking at the door? -----It is me. The woman had a baby. It was five months old.
?

二、it的用法 表示时间、距离、天气等。如: It will be sunny tomorrow. ? 4. 作形式主语或者形式宾语。如: I found it difficult to learn English well first. It is impossible for us to learn a foreign language.
? 3.

三、反身代词的用法
定义:反身代词又称自身代词,由第一人称、第二 人称形容词性物主代词和第三人称人称代词宾格, 单数加词尾self、复数加词尾selves 构成,可用口 诀简记如下: ? 反身代词表自身,self与selves单数、复分。 一、二人称形代后,第三人称改用宾。 ? 在句子中,反身代词可作动词或介词的宾语、表语、 主语或者宾语的同位语,也可用口诀简记: ? 反身代词三成分:宾、表同位反自身。
?

三、反身代词的用法
(一)作动词的宾语 ? 反身代词可以与enjoy, hurt, teach, look after等词 连用,表明动作的承受者就是主语本身。 ? 1. enjoy oneself = have a good time Did you enjoy yourself at the party last night? ? 2. help oneself (to sth.) 随便吃点什么,后面可接 食物,一般用在宴会当中,用来招呼客人的用语。 Help yourselves to some fruit, children.
?

三、反身代词的用法

hurt oneself 伤着自己 She didn’t hurt herself. ? 4. teach oneself = learn by oneself自学 Did you teach yourself English ? = Did you learn Engl

ish by yourself? ? 5. look after oneself 照顾自己 I can look after myself well, thanks.
? 3.

三、反身代词的用法
?
? ? ? ?

6. say to oneself自言自语 Mary said to herself, “ What shall I do?” 7. come to oneself苏醒 Soon the lady came to herself. 8. make oneself + 过去分词,使自己被别人… She did her best to make herself understood. 9. make yourself at home别客气,让自己像在家一样 Help yourself to some fish. Make yourself at home. 10. lose oneself in沉浸于……陶醉于…… They both lost themselves in the beautiful music.

三、反身代词的用法
(二) 反身代词和介词连用构成介词宾语 ? 1. by oneself = alone自己做 She has done her homework by herself. ? 2. for oneself为自己 She made the skirt for herself. ? 3. of oneself自然而然的、自动的 The door opened of itself. ? 4. among themselves在他们中间 They are discussing the matter among themselves.
?

三、反身代词的用法
?
?

?
?

?

(三)作表语 反身代词可与be动词或系动词连用,表示或描述一种感觉、 情绪或状态。 The little boy was myself. (四)用作主语或宾语的同位语,往往用来加强名词或代词 的语气,在句中可置于名词、代词之前、之后或句子末尾。 1. 作主语的同位语 You will have to do it yourself. He himself wrote the words and music of the songs. 作宾语的同位语 I will give the letter to your brother himself. You’d better ask Mary herself about it.

四、指示代词this/ that/ these/ those
单数 复数 用法1 用法2

this
that

these
those

近指
远指

指下文将要提及的事
指前面刚提过的事

【辨析】one, it, that
it 常用来特指上下文提到的同类事物,用来指可数名词 或者不可数名词,one泛指上下文提及的同类事物中的一份子, 用于代替可数名词,that常用在比较等级中,代表前面提到的 名词,以避免重复。 The book is mine. It is very interesting. I have some apples. You can have one. The weather of Dalian is much wetter than that of Lanzhou.

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
(一)some 与 any ? some 常用于肯定句中,当说话者期望得到对方的 肯定回答或表示请求建议时,可以用在疑问句中; any常用于否定句和疑问句中,当any表示“任 何……”时,可用于肯定句。 There aren’t any students in the classroom. ----Would you like some bread? ----Yes, please.
?

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
? (二)辨析both,

neither, either, all, none ? both, neither和 either这三个词用于两者或 两者之间,both表示“两者都……”,用于 肯定句;neither与both互为反义词,意为 “两者都不……”;either表示“两者之中 任何一个”(或者用于否定句中,表示 “也”)。all和none都用

于三者或者三者以 上,all表示“全部、都”,none表示“没有 任何人或物”。

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
【辨析】so/ neither+助动词+主语!和so/ neither+主语+助动词! ? so +(be、助动词、情态动词)+主语,意为 “也”,“同样”。表示前面所说的情况也适合于 另一个人(物),此句是一倒装句。neither用法与 之相反。 ? so +主语+(be、助动词、情态动词),表示“赞 同”,意为“不错、的确、确实”。注意:前后两 个句子指的是同一个人。同样,neither的用法与之 相反。
?

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
(三)many&much ? many 和much都有 “许多”的意思, many用来修饰可数 名词复数,much用 来修饰不可数名词。 ? 名词修饰语一览表
?
常修饰可数名 词的词或短语

既可修饰可数 常修饰不可数名 名词又可修饰 不可数名词的 词的词或短语 词或短语

each, every, several, few, a few, many, too many, a number of, many a/an, only a few, quite a few…

little, a little, much, too much, a good/ great deal of, a bit of, a small/ large/ huge amount of…

some, any, a lot of, lots of, plenty of, enough, all the rest of…

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
?

(四)a few, a little, few, little
表示肯定, “有几个,有 点” a few a little 表示否定, “没多少,很 少” few little 后加名词

可数名词 不可数名词

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
? each和every
Each of them doesn’t smoke. 每个人都不吸烟。 重于个体 “每一个” each=every She knows each student of the class. 她认识班级中的每个学生。 强调整体 She knows every student of the class. 她认识班级中的所有学生。

each作代词, 与of连用

every却只有形容词词性, 不可单独使用。

五、不定代词some, any, each, every, both, neither, all, none等
?

(六)图解other系列不定代词
one(一个) one(一个) one(一个) some(一些) some(一些) the other(另一个) another(其余的任一个) the others(其余的全部) others(其余的一部分) the others(其余的全部)

六、复合不定代词
指物 指人

everything everyone, everybody something someone, somebody

anything
nothing

anyone,anybody
no one, nobody

六、复合不定代词
? ? ? ? ? ?

注: 1. 这些词后一般都不可接of短语。 2. 这些词一般没有词形变化,但以-one或-body结尾的词能 带所有格词尾。如:Everyone’s life was in danger. 3. 这些词修饰形容词或者副词时,形容词或者副词都需要后 置。 4. 这些复合代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。 5. 在反意疑问句中,当陈述部分的主语是everybody

, someone等指人的复合代词时,疑问部分的主语往往用they, 也可以用he;若陈述部分的主语是anything, nothing等指 物的复合代词时,疑问部分的主语用it。如: Everyone knows this, doesn’t he/ don’t they? Everything seems all right, doesn’t it ?

七、相互代词each other; one another.
? 表示两个人或事物之间的相互关系用each

other, 表示三个或者三个以上的人或事物之 间的相互关系时,用one another或each other都可以,也就是说one anther一般不用 于两者之间的相互关系。其所有格形式是 each other’ s和one another’ s,两者常 可互换。

八、疑问代词及关系代词
(一)疑问代词 ? 1. who,whom都表示“谁”,作主语时用who, 作宾语时用whom。Who在特殊疑问句中可以替换 whom,但当疑问词作介词宾语时,且介词又置于 句首时,只能用whom。 With whom did you talk just now? Who (whom) are you waiting for? ? 2. which, what在特殊疑问句作定语时,后面必须 紧跟一个名词。 What class are you in?
?

八、疑问代词及关系代词
?

(二)关系代词
主格 指人 指人或物 who which 宾格 whom / 所有格 whose /

? ? ? ?

This is the doctor who came here yesterday. The man whom you saw last week has left the town. I know the woman whose husband is a doctor. The room which you can see by the river is a reading room.

练习一:单项选择
?
?

?

?

?

1. Please send____ C best wishes to Mary. A. I B. me C. my D. mine 2. This is my book. _____are over there. B A. Your B. Yours C. You D. Mine 3. ____ B have a lot of homework to do. A. He, you and I B. You, he and I C. I, you and he D.I, he and you C very difficult to get 4. The man downstairs found ____ to sleep. A. that B. them C. it D. its 5. ----Hi, Jim. Is this your bike or Tom’s? C ---- It’s mine, not______. A. hers B. yours C. his D. him

练习一:单项选择
?

?

? ?

?

B is here, too. 6. Tom is here, and a friend of ____ A. his father B. his father’s C. he’s father D. he father 7. Help ____ B to some fish, Jenny. A. yourselves B. yourself C. himself D. herself A in the park. 8. The boys and girls seemed to enjoy____ A. themselves B. them C. they D. their 9. ---- Is this model plane yours? A ---- Yes, it’s mine. It is made by______. A. myself B. yourself C. himself D. herself C English in our school and 10. Mr. Green taught_____ taught______ French at home. A. us his B. him us C. us himself D. our himself

练习一:单项选择
?

?

?

?

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B juice, sir? 11. ----Could you offer me ____ ----I’m really sorry. I haven’t got___ now. A. any; any B. some; any C. some; some D. any; some 12. Is there ____ A with your bike? A. anything wrong B. wrong anything C. something wrong D. wrong something 13. ---- I’m leaving for the exam. Bye-bye, Mum. C ---- Well, make sure you’ve got____ ready. A. something B. anythin

g C. everything D. nothing A French, but not____. 14. He can speak ____ A. some, much B. any, much C. much, many D. many, any 15. Money is important in my life, but it isn’t A ____ to me. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything

练习一:单项选择
?

?

?
?

?

16. ---- Could I have some milk? ---- Certainly. There’s___ B in the bottle. A. little B. a little C. a few D. few 17. I like this house with a beautiful garden in front, but I don’t have enough money to buy____. B A. one B. it C. this D. that B 18. This apple is delicious. Give me ____one ,please. A. the other B. another C. others D. other B of them is 19. They are both good at English, but ____ good at maths. A. none B. either C. all D. neither 20. There are fifty students in our class. Some are from the USA, and ____are from China C A. another B. the other C. others D. other

练习二、 用正确的代词填空
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

?
? ?

me is this bike yours? 1. ----Excuse ___, mine ----No, it isn’t ______. I think it’s Tom’s. ----Yes, it is ____. his 2. She will finish the work_______. herself yourself at home, Lucy. 3. Make _______ his hands in the pocket. 4.The boy is standing with ____ each children. 5. You can have one cake_____, some shopping for me? 6. Will you please do ______ everything she knows. 7. Miss Gao wants to teach her students __________ 8. You may stay here for _________ another five days. anyone 9. This question is so easy that___________ can answer it. everything goes well. 10. I hope _________

练习二、 用正确的代词填空
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? ? ?

?
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11. The man has two sons, and ____ both of them are strong. One is the other is short. tall and _________ ours 12. American take-away food is quite different from _____.(our) 13. We study Chinese, English and some_____ other subjects. 14. _____ None of the shoes in the shop were the right size for me. They were ________too big or too small. either 15. ________ Nobody draws so well as Jim. that of Beijing. 16. The population of Harbin is smaller than______ ones 17. The blue shoes look better than the green ______ 18. Please keep together, I don’t wantany ____ of you get lost. 19. We’ll have to hurry. We haven’t got _____ time. much 20. Jim is taller than ________ anyone else in the class.


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