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七英外 语法练习

发布时间:2014-02-10 16:53:46  

专题一、语法专练

一、名词

一、分类 专有名词:指某人,某地,某机构等专有的名称,其首字母要大写。如Hong Kong, China, Bill Clinton, Red Cross

个体名词:表示某类人或东西中的个体,如: student, book

名 普 词 通 集体名词:表示若干个体组成的集合体,如:family, school,

名 group, people 词 不可数名词 物质名词:表示无法分为个体的实物,如:cotton, air, tea

抽象名词:表示抽象概念,如 :work, happiness, news

二、名词的复数

可数名词有单、复数形式。规则名词的变化如下:

1)绝大多数在词尾加s。如: book,books;bag,bags;cup,cups;face,faces.

2)以ch,sh,s,x结尾的名词加es。如:watch,watches;brush,brushes;hero,heroes;class,classes;

3)以辅音字母+y结尾的名词,将y改为i,再加es。例如:baby,babies;family,families;

4)以f或fe结尾的名词,先将f或fe改为v,再加es构成复数形式,如:leaf,leaves;

5)以o结尾,除tomato, potato, hero加es外,其他只加s。

不规则变化:

1)少数名词的复数形式是不规则的,要一一背记:man→men; woman→women; Englishman→Englishmen; foot→feet; tooth→teeth; child→children; mouse→mice

2)单、复数同形名词,如:Chinese, Japanese, sheep, deer, fish

3)复合名词:含man或woman的复合名词,两部分都变为复数形式。如:two men teachers, four women doctors

三、名词的所有格

1)名词的所有格一般用于有生命的名词。其构成多在词尾加上“’s‖,如:Tom’s bike, 以s结尾的名词或名词复数,在词尾后加“’”。如:Engels’ works,cats' heads

2) 如果一个事物为两个人共有,只在后一个名词的词尾加“’s”,如果不是共有,就要

在两个名词的词尾分别加上“’s‖。例如:Tom and Mike’s room汤姆和迈克合住的房间 Tom’s and Mike’s rooms汤姆、迈克各自的房间

3) 表示店铺或某人的家时,常在名词所有格后省去shop,house等名词。

如:the tailor’s裁缝店,the barber’s理发店,go to the doctor’s上诊所

4) 表示时间、距离、国家、城市等无生命的名词,可以在词尾加“’s”或“’”来表示

所有格。如:today’s newspaper,half an hour’s rest

5) 表示无生命的名词一般用of短语表示所有关系。如:the students of their school

常规演习

1. Mrs. Johnson gave us _____ on how to learn English well.

A. some advices B. many advices C. some advice D. an advice

2. There are twenty _____ in the room. They are having a party.

A. people B. sheep C. worker D. ducks

3. Look! There _____ playing with the tourists on Tina Square.

A. are a number of deer B. are a number of deers

C. is a number of deer D. is a number of deers

4. —How many _____ do you want?

—A kilo, please.

A. potato B. bananas C. bread D. milk

5. How many _____ are there in the international village?

A. Chinese B. Russian C. American D. Canadian

6. Fish_____ in the river.

A. live B. lives C. is living D. are living

7. Sheep _____ white and milk _____ white, too.

A. is; is B. are; are C. is; are D. are; is

8. I was so excited when I saw so many _____ on the farm.

A. chicken B. sheep C. duck D. fish

9. British people eat _____ a lot, and they are cooked in different ways.

A. potato B. potatoes C. beef D. chicken

10. My mother bought some _____ for my birthday party yesterday.

A. apple B. banana C. orange D. meats

11. People in America eat much _____ .

A. potatoes B. onions C. beef D. hamburgers

12. Two bags are on the table. They are _____ .

A. the twins’ B. the twin’s C. twins D. twin’s

13. It’s _____ walk from here to the library.

A. six minute’s B. six-minutes C. six minutes’ D. six minutes

14. Mrs. Black is a friend of _____ .

A. Mary’s mother’s B. Mary’s mother C. mother’s of Mary D. Mary mother’s

15. Today is September 10th. It is _____ Day.

A. Teachers B. Teachers’ C. the Teachers’ D. Teacher’s

真题演练

《五三》P13、4、5、6、7、8、9、14题P2 2、3题 分别标上16-25题

16.

第二章 冠词

一、不定冠词a,an的区别

1. a用于辅音音素前

2. an用于元音音素前

注意:(1)特殊词,第一个字母不发音:an houra European country

(2)字母u发/ju:/时用a,如:a unit; ugly; unlike; unhappy; university the United Kingdom;

二、定冠词the和不定冠词a,an的区别

1. a,an表泛指,the表特指

2. 第一次提到一个人或物时,用a,或an,当第二次再提到该人或物时,就用the。

3. a, an + 序数词,意为“再(又)??”;the + 序数词,表示顺序,意为“第??”

三、定冠词the的特殊用法

1.特指说话双方都知道的人或物。如:I want the pencil.我想要这支笔。

2.用在姓氏复数名词之前,表示一家人或夫妇二人。如:the Blacks布莱克一家

3.用于世界上独一无二的事物前。如the sun/moon/earth

4.用于最高级前(副词的最高级的the可以省略)。

5.用于某些专有名词前。如:the Great Wall;the United States;the Union;the USA;the Olympic Games

6.用于表示乐器的名词前。如:play the piano/vilion/guitar

7.用于惯用语。如:in the summer of 1997, the next morning明天早晨

8.用于形容词比较级前,通常结构为:“the +比较级??,the +比较级??”,意为“越??,越??”

四、不用冠词的情况

1. 表示三餐的单词,即:breakfast,lunch,supper,dinner前无冠词

2. 表示四季的单词前无冠词。如:in spring/winter/summer/autumn

3. 球类前无冠词。如:play football/basketball/volleyball/tennis/baseball

4. 专有名词前无冠词。如:Tom, China,America等

五、短语中的冠词

1. have a good time / have a rest/try/swim/look /want a go

2. go to the cinema

3. go to school. / be at/in school /be ill in bed/ stay in bed/ be ill in hospital / in class

常规演习

1. Where is _____ key to the door?

A. a B. the C. / D. an

2. There is _____ apple tree in my garden. It’s nearly 20 years old.

A. the B. a C. an D. /

3. If you want to be a ―Happy Girl‖, just have _____ try.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

4. —Excuse me, sir. Which cup is yours?

—_____small one.

A. / B. A C. An D. The

5. Look at _____ skirt. I bought it for Mum on Mother’s Day. Isn’t it nice?

A. a B. an C. the D. /

6. It is said, "_____ apple a day keeps ______ doctor away."

A. An, the B. A, a C. An, a D. A, the

7. —Do you enjoy your stay in Changsha?

—Yes. I’ve had _____ wonderful time.

A. / B. a C. the D. an

8. Bob is _____ eleven-year-old boy, but he knows a lot about Chinese history.

A. an B. a C. the D. /

9. —Who is _____ man with glasses?

—Oh, he’s our new English teacher, Mr. Li.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

10. People, especially teenagers, think it _____ great fun to surf on _____ Internet.

A. a, the B. a, / C. /, the D. the, the

11. —Will you get there by _____ train?

—No, I’ll take _____ taxi.

A. /, a B. a, the C. /,/ D. the, a

12. This is _____ only expensive dress I have got.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

13. Harry Potter III is _____ interesting story and we all like it.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

14. Look at _____ young lady with long hair. She is _____ English teacher.

A. a; the B. the; a C. the; an D. the; the

15. _____ are planning to go on vacation.

A. Black’s B. A Black’s C. The Black’s D. The Blacks

真题演练

P16A组1、2、3、6、7、8、9、12、13 B组2小题改为16~25小题。

第三章 代词

一、人称代词

1. something, anything, everything, nothing的用法

(1) something用于肯定,anything用于否定、疑问句

(2) 在下列两种情况下,疑问句需用something:①表示请求,期望对方做肯定回答②表示建议

(3) anything作“任何事,任何东西”讲时,可用于肯定句。 (4) 形容词修饰不定代词时,必须把形容词放在不定代词之后。

(5) 用于否定句时,everything表示部分否定;anything表示全部否定。 (6) 不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

2. some和any:some用于肯定,any用于否定或疑问语气中。 三、指示代词

1. 单数this – that复数these – those

2. one指代前面可数名词的单数,表示同类中的任何一个;it指代前面名词,表示其本身;that指代前面的不可数名词,表示比较。those指代前面的复数可数名词,表示比较,相当于the ones。

常规演习

1. Do you know the girl sitting between Pete and _____ ?

A. she B. I C. his D. me 2. I have a new computer. My father _____ as a gift.

A. gave them to me B. gave it to me C. gave one to me D. gave me one 3. —Can I put my sports shoes here?

—Oh, yes. Put _____ here, please. A. them B. their C. it D. they 4. —Where is my English book?

—Oh, sorry. I took _____ by mistake. A. yours B. his C. here D. mine

5. This isn’t _____ CD player. It’s _____.

A. mine, her B. my, hers C. my, her D. mine, hers

6. —Who taught _____Japanese?

—Nobody. He learned all by _____.

A. himself; him B. him, herself C. her, herself D. her, she

7. —The teachers wouldn’t give us the keys to the questions.

—Why not work them out all by _____?

A. themselves B. himself C. ourselves D. myself

8. Please keep the classroom clean when you enjoy _____ there.

A. your B. you C. yours D. yourselves

9. —What’s on TV tonight? Is there _____ interesting?

—I’m afraid not.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

10. —Is _____ ready for the show?

—No, we haven’t got a gold bowl.

A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing

11. Everyone except Bill and Tim _____there when the meeting started.

A. was B. is C. are D. were

12. The box is empty. There is _____in it.

A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything

13. Hello. This is Linda speaking. Who is _____ ?

A. this B. that C. these D. those

14. The apples in my garden are smaller than _____ in Jim’s.

A. it B. that C. ones D. those

15. Jack bought a big fish this afternoon. Now he is cooking _____ for dinner.

A. it B. one C. this D. that

真题演练

P9 1、2、3、5、6、7、8、9、11、14改为16~25题

第四章 数词

一、基数词和序数词

1. 表示数目的词称为基数词。其形式如下:

(1)1-10 one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten

(2)11-19 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen

(3)20-99 整数几十中,除了twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, eighty为特殊形式外,sixty, seventy, ninety都是个位数形式后添加ty构成。表示几十几时,在几十和个位基数词形式之间添加连字符“-”。

(4)百位数:1-9基数词形式加“hundred”,表示几百,在几十几与百位之间加上and。

(5)千位数以上:从数字的右端向左端数起,每三位数加一个逗号“,”。从右开始,第一个“,”钱的数字后添加thousand,第二个“,”前的数字后添加“million”,第三个“,”钱的数字后添加billion。然后一节一节分别表示,两个逗号之间最大的数为百位数形式。

(6)基数词表示确切的数字时,不能使用百、千、百万、十亿的复数形式;但是当基数词表示不确切数字,如成百、成千上万、三三两两时,基数词则以复数形式出现。

(7)表示“不确切的岁数或年代”用几十的复数形式。

2.表示顺序的词称为序数词。序数词的主要形式有:

(1)从第一至第九:first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, nineteenth

(2)从第二十至九十九:整数第几十的形式由其对应的基数词改变结尾字母y为i,再加eth构成。表示第几十几时,用几十的基数词形式加上连字符“-”和个位序数词形式一起表示。

(3)第一百以上的多位序数词:由基数词的形式变结尾部分为序数词形式来表示。

二、分数表示法

1. 分数是由基数词和序数词一起来表示的。基数词用作分子,序数词用作坟墓,除了分子是“1”以外,其他情况下序数词都要用复数形式。

2. 当分数后面接名词时,如果分数表示的值大于1,名词用复数,小于1,名词用单数。

三、小数表示法

1.小数用基数词表示,以小数点为界,小数点左边的数字为一个单位,表示整数,数字合起来读;小数点右边的数字为一个单位,表示小数,数字分开来读;小数点读作point,0读作zero或o;整数部分为零时,可以省略不读。

2.当数字值大于1时,小数后面的名词用复数,数字值小于1时,小数后面的名词用单数。

四、数量表示法

1. 表示长宽高面积等,用“基数词+单位词(meter, foot, inch, kilogram等)+形容词(long, wide, high等)”表示,或用“基数词+单位词+in+名词(length,width,height,weight等)”表示。

2. 表示时间、距离时,使用含数词的名词所有格形式作定语。

3. 由数词和其他名词构成的名词性短语作定语时,其中的名词用单数形式,名词性短语中各部分间要用连字符“-”来连接。

常规演习

1. —How old is your son?

—_____. We had a party for his _____ birthday last Tuesday.

A. Nine, nine B. Nine, ninth C. Ninth, ninth D. Ninth, nine

2. There are so many new words in ______ chapter(章节). It’s a bit hard.

A. fifth B. five C. the fifth D. one fifth

3. —Excuse me. Where is Mr. Smith’s office?

—It’s on _____ floor.

A. seven B. the seven C. the seventh D. seventh

4. —Which is the biggest(最大的) number of the four, do you know?

—Yes, it’s _____.

A. two fifths B. a quarter C. a half D. three sevenths

5. —What’s one fourth and a half, do you know?

—Yes, it’s _____.

A. two sixths B. three fourths C. one three D. three sixths

6. —How many teachers are there in your school?

—About 300. One third of them _____ men teachers.

A. have B. has C. are D. in

7. Father’s Day is on _____ Sunday of June.

A. three B. third C. the third D. the three

8. _____ people will watch Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games on TV in 2016.

A. Million of B. Millions of C. Five million D. Million

9. _____ people died in the World War II.

A. Thousand of B. Thousands of C. Many thousand of D. Thousands

10. Jack is now in _____.

A. the three grade B. Grade Third C. Grade Three D. Three Grade

11. All the students live on _____ floor.

A. the seventh B. seven C. the seven D. seventh

12. —How long is your ruler?

—It's _____.

A. two meters long B. two-meter long C. two meters' long D. two meter long

13. It is _____ walk from my home to school.

A. ten minute B. a ten-minute C. a ten-minutes D. ten-minutes'

14. Two fifths of the windows ______ dirty. Let's clean it.

A. were B. are C. was D. is

15. William Shakespeare wrote a lot of poems. 154 of them _____ short poems.

A. will be B. are going to be C. was D. were 《五三》P22 A组1、3、4、5、7、8和P23B组1、3、4、5

第五章 介词

一.表时间的介词。

1. at多用于表具体的钟点时刻前,如:at seven;也可以用于固定搭配中,如:at night。

2. in表示一段时间,用于年、月、世纪、四季或泛指的一天的上午、下午、晚上等。

如:in the twentieth century, in winter, in the morning;还可以用于表示“从现在起,多长时间以后或多久之后”的短语。

3. on主要用在星期几,具体某一天或某一天的早、中、晚或节日前。

4. from说明开始的时间,谓语可用过去、现在、将来的某种时态。

5. after表示以过去为起点的某一段时间之后,用于一般过去时。如果与时间点连用,

表示将来某个时间之后。

6. “during+时间段”与延续性动词连用,表示某期间的动作。

二、表示方位的介词。

1. in 表示在某一地区之内的某方位(属于该范围);to表示在某一地区之外的某方位

(不属于该范围);on表示与某地的毗邻关系。

2. over指在??的正上方,表示垂直在上;above指在上方,属于斜上方;on在上面,

表示两物体接触

3. at在较小的地点,in表示在较大的地方或某物内部,on表示在一个平面上。

4. in front of在??之前(范围之外);in the front of在??之前(范围之内);before

表示位置关系等于in front of

5. below在下方,或位置低于,不一定在垂直下方;under在??正下方。

6. on the left/right 在左边/右边

7. next to与??紧挨着

8. opposite 在??的对面

9. on the corner of在(??的)拐角处

10. between …and…在??和??之间

常规演习

1. I’m not good _____ catching flies..

A. in B. at C. on

2. _____ 8:00 of August 8, 2016, Rio de Janeiro will hold the 31st Olympic Games.

A. At B. In C. On D. By

3. —What time do you usually get up every day?

—_____ about 6:00 a.m.

A. At B. On C. In D. For

4. —When did you come back from Changsha?

—_____ the morning of April 18th.

A. At B. Of C. On D. In

5. We should give back the books to the library _____ time.

A. about B. on C. by D. for

6. My teacher will be back from Changsha _____ a week.

A. for B. in C. after D. before

7. —How old are you?

—I’m twenty-four. I was born _____ 1990.

8. 9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

A. in B. at C. on The old man visited the village _____ the morning. A. on B. in C. at —Who’s that man _____ black? —Oh, he is Mr. Brown. A. in B. on C. with Her house is on the right _____ the street. A. in B. on C. of The bank is _____ the supermarket. A. next B. to C. next to I get my newspaper from the store _____ the corner. A. with B. of C. on _____ the house, there is a big mouse. A. On the corner B. On the corner of C. In the corner The bookshop is _____ the cinema and the hotel. A. between B. from C. during My house is _____ the restaurant. A. to B. opposite C. next

D. for D. of

D. at D. at D. to next D. to

D. At the corner D. in D. in

中考真题

《五三》P30A组 1、2、3、4、6、7、8、11、13、14分别改为16~25题。

第六章 there be句型与情态动词

一、there be 句型基本认识

1.定义:There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。

2.结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+地点状语.

(2) There are +复数名词+地点状语

注意事项:there是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。

如:There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。

二、there be 句型的常考点

(一)各种句型转化。

1:变成否定

There be句型的否定式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样,在be后加上not或no即可。注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n.相当于no+ n.。

例如:There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.

2:变成一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。但同时要注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。

There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?

3:特殊疑问句

对主语提问:当主语是人的时候,则用who 引导,当主语是物的时候,则用what 引导。 注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:

There is a little girl in the room. →Who is in the room?

对地点状语提问:则用where 引导。如:

There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?

对数量提问:般有两种句型结构:

How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?

How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?

(二)there be 句型的时态。

be可以有现在时(there is/are)、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there is/are going to be或there will be)和完成时(there have/has been);还可用there must be, there can’t be, there used to be等。 如:There is going to be a concert this evening.

(三)there be 句型的主谓一致:

There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。

如:There isn't any rice in the bowl.

三、情态动词

情态动词特点:无人称和数的变化;不能单独使用,必须与其后的动词原形构成谓语。

(一) can, could

1) 表示能力(体力、知识、技能)。 此时可用be able to代替。

区别:①Can只有一般现在时和一般过去式;而be able to则有更多的时态。

②当表示―经过努力才得以做成功某事‖时应用be able to,不能用Can。

2) 表示请求和允许。 此时可与may互换。在疑问句中还可用could, might代替,不是

过去式,只是语气更委婉,不能用于肯定句和答语中。

3) 表示客观可能性(客观原因形成的能力)。

4) 表示推测(惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度),用于疑问句、否定句和感叹句中。

(二) may, might

1) 表示请求和允许。might比 may语气更委婉,而不是过去式。否定回答时可用can’t 或mustn’t,表示―不可以,禁止‖。

用May I...?征徇对方许可时比较正式和客气,而用Can I...?在口语中更常见。

2)用于祈使句,表示祝愿。 May you succeed! 祝你成功!

3) 表示推测、可能性(不用于疑问句)。might不是过去式,可能性比may小。

常规演习

1. There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table .

A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much

2. How many ___ are there in the room ?

A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper

3.- Is this the last exam we have to take ?

- No, but there ____ another test three months later from now.

A. will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been

4. There _____ a film tomorrow evening.

A. will have B.have C.is going to be D. has

5. There ________ a football match on TV this evening.

A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have

6. How many boys ____ there in Class one?

A. be B. is C. are D. am

7. There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

8. There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk.

A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some

9. There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket.

A. are B. is C. has D. have

10. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street?

A.Is there B.Are there C.Has D.Have

11. ----What did you see in the basket then ?

----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

12. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street?

A. Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have

13. ____ is there on the table?

A. How many apples B. How much bread

C. How much breads D. How many food

14. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me?

A. any B. some C. a D. an

15. There ____ something wrong with our classroom.

A. are B. has C. is D. have

《五三》P70 A组1、4、5 P71 B组8分别变为 16~19题

20 (河南09)—Excuse me. Where are we going to have our class meeting?

—I’m not sure. Ask our monitor, please. He _____ know.

A. can B. may C. need D. shall

21 (福州07)John, you needn’t to do your homework today. You _____ do it tomorrow if

you’re tired.

A. must B. may C. can’t

22 (杭州07)—Is Simon coming by train?

—He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car.

A. may B. shall C. need

23 (北京07)—Mary, _____ you speak Chinese?

—Yes, only a little.

A. must B. need C. may

24 (北京06)—_____ you play golf?

—No. But I can play table tennis.

A. Can B. May C. Must

25 (北京05)—_____ I borrow your MP3?

—Sure. Here you are.

A. May B. Should C. Must D. must D. can D. Should D. Would

第七章 句子种类和基本句型

一、句子种类概述

(一)英语的句子按使用目的可分为陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。

1) 陈述句:说明一个事实或陈述一种看法。有肯定句和否定句之分。

2) 疑问句:提出问题。有以下四种:

a.一般疑问句:Can you finish the work in time?

b.特殊疑问句:Where do you live?

c.选择疑问句:Do you want tea or coffee?

d.反意疑问句:He doesn't know her, does he?

3) 祈使句:提出请求,建议或发出命令,例如:Sit down, please.

4) 感叹句:表示说话人惊奇、喜悦、愤怒等情绪,例如:What good news it is!

(二)句子按其结构可以分为以下三类:

1) 简单句:只包含一个主谓结构句子叫简单句。如:I love my mother.

2) 并列句:包含两个或两个以上主谓结构的句子叫并列句,句与句之间通常用并列连

词或分号来连接。如:I love my mother and she loves me.

3) 复合句:包含一个主句从句和一个或几个从句的句子叫复合句,主从句之间用连词

连接。如:I think that my mother loves me.

4) 并列复合句:包含了两个或两个以上主谓结构,且其中至少有一个从句。

二、五种基本句型

基本概念:与汉语相似,英语句子是由主语(subject), 谓语动词(verb),宾语(object), 表语(predicative),状语(adverbial),宾语补足语(object complement)等成分组成,按照这些成分的组合方式英语句子可分为五种基本句型。

1. 主语+不及物动词

如:The rain stopped .

2. 主语+系动词+表语

如:I feel quite hungry.

3. 主语+及物动词+宾语

如:Your radio needs repairing.

4. 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语

如:Give me the book, please.

5. 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语

如:We hear her sing next door.

常规演习

1. This kind of cake looks _____ and smells _____.

A. good, good B. good, well C. well, well D. well, good

2. —I hear the weather will _____ cold for another week.

—I hope not. I hate cold weather.

A. turn B. last C. get D. stay

3. Don’t eat the meat. It smells _____.

A. terrible B. badly C. delicious D. good

4. —How long may I _____ your bike?

—For a week. But you mustn’t _____ it to others.

A. borrow, lend B. keep, lend C. lend, borrow D. keep, borrow

5. What shall I _____ my grandpa _____ his birthday?

A. get, of B. buy, for C. find, for 6. —How is your English teacher?

—Miss Gao. She teaches _____ English very well. A. our B. us C. ours 7. Mrs. Liu is kind and always _____ her help to others.

A. shares B. receives C. makes 8. When I look into the room, I found Philip _____ in bed.

A. lies B. lie C. lay 9. Eating more fruit will keep people _____.

A. carefully B. afraid C. busy 10. We should keep our eyes _____ while doing eye exercise.

A. close B. closed C. open 11. —What is your father?

—He is _____. A. tall B. in his office C. an engineer 12. —What _____ your mother look like?

—She has long hair. A. does B. do C. is 13. —_____ is your favorite sportsman?

—Lin Dan. A. How B. When C. Who 14. —_____ can you be ready, Joy?

—In ten minutes. A. How much B. How often C. How long 15. —_____ do you have an English speech contest?

—Once a term. A. How old B. How far C. How often

真题演练

16. (2013北京)—_____ do you go to the cinema?

—Once a month. A. How long B. How far C. How often 17. (2013河南)—Tony, _____ are you in such a hurry?

—The meeting will start soon. I don't want to be late. A. where B. how C. when

D. give, of

D. we D. offers D. lying D. healthy D. opened

D. going swimming

D. are

D. Which

D. How soon

D. How long

D. How much

D. why

18. (2012湖南株洲)—______ does your mother watch the Talk Show? —Once a week. A. How long B. How often C. How soon 19. (2012北京)— ____ is the dictionary?

—It’s $22.95. A. How old B. How long C. How thick 20. (2012湖北随州)—______ will Mrs. Lin go to Canada?

D. How much

—To see her daughter there.

A. How B. When C.Why D.What

21. (2012江苏淮安)— can we find your brother at weekends?

— On the football field.

A. When B. Which C. Why D. Where

22. (2012江苏南京)—is Jeremy Lin?

—He is a famous Harvard-educated, Asian-American NBA basketball player.

A. Where B. What C. Why D. How old

23. (2012江苏宿迁)—do you go to school every day? —By bus.

A. How B. Why C. Where D. When

24. (2012江苏徐州)—_____shall we paint the walls?

— I prefer white. It makes us feel calm(镇定) and peaceful(平静)

A. How B. How often C. Why D. What colour

25. (2012江苏盐城)— will you finish doing the work?

—In a few weeks.

A. How long B. How far C. How soon D. How often

第八章 祈使句和感叹句

一、祈使句

(一)祈使句的句式特征

祈使句常常是表达说话人对对方的劝告、叮嘱、请求或命令等。因此,祈使句中一般没有主语,但根据其句意,实际上是省略了主语you。祈使句句末用感叹号或句号,朗读时,常用降调。在表达请求或劝告时,在祈使句前或句末可加上please,以使句子的语气更加缓和或客气。祈使句一般没有时态的变化,也不能与情态动词连用。

(二)祈使句的肯定句式

祈使句的肯定句式一般分为以下三种类型:

1. 行为动词原形+其他成分。例如:Make sentences after the model.

2. Be动词+其他成分。例如:Be careful when crossing the street.

3. Let+宾语+动词原形+其他成分。例如:Let him go back now.

(三)祈使句的否定句式

祈使句的否定句式,通常情况下在句首加上Don’t或Never,一般分为以下四种类型:

1. 在祈使句的肯定句式前加Don’t,构成“Don’t+行为动词原形+其他成分”。例如:Don’t say that again!别再那样说了!

2. Let引起的祈使句的否定形式有两种:(1)Let开头的祈使句,如果后面跟第一、第三人称名词或代词的宾格,可在Let前加Don’t,也可在Let后宾格的名词或代词后面加not。(2)如果以Let’s开头的祈使句,必须在Let’s后加not。例如:

Don’t let me go with her tomorrow. Let’s not tell her the truth whenever we meet her.

三、感叹句

感叹句是用来表示喜、怒、哀、乐等强烈感情的句子,它的常见用法有两种:

(1)感叹名词,用what引导,具体结构如下:

① What+a/an+形容词+单数名词(+主语+谓语)!

② What+形容词+复数名词/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

(2)感叹形容词或副词,用how引导,具体结构如下:

① How +形容词(+主语+谓语)!

② How +副词(+主语+谓语)!

③ How +主语+谓语(+宾语)!如:How time flies!光阴似箭!

常规演习

1. —An earthquake(地震) hit Japan yesterday.

—_____ terrible news!

A. How a B. What a C. How

2. Look at the man over there. _____ he is!

A. How tall B. How high C. What a tall

3. _____ tall the boy is! He can play volleyball very well.

A. How B. What a C. What

4. _____ exciting news! We will have _____ long holiday soon.

A. What an B. What C. How an

5. _____ you have bought me!

A. What a big fish B. How a big fish C. What big fish

6. _____ lovely day! Let’s go for a picnic!

A. What B. What a C. How

7. _____ heavily the rain is falling!

A. What a B. What C. How a

8. _____ big the tree is!

A. What B. How C. What a

9. Ben, _____ climb the tree. It’s very dangerous.

A. doesn’t B. not C. don’t

10. —Help! There’s a big snake near the house.

—_____ afraid. It will go away later.

A. Don’t B. Not C. Don’t be

11. —_____ take off your coat. It’s cold today.

—OK.

A. Don’t B. Can’t C. You’d better

12. Just _____ here and don’t go around, or your parents can’t find you.

A. to stay B. stayed C. stay

13. Don’t _____ too much TV. It’s bad for your eyes.

A. watch B. watched C. watching

14. _____ books you wrote!

A. What great B. What a great C. How great

15. _____ time flies!

A. How B. What C. How a

真题演练 D. What D. What a high D. How a D. How D. How big fish D. How a D. How D. isn’t D. Be D. Please D. staying D. to watch D. How a D. What a

《五三》P88 2、5、6、7、10,P89 2、4、8、12、18

第九章 一般现在时与现在进行时

一、一般现在时

(一)定义:

一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态。

(二)构成:

一般现在时谓语动词用原形,如果主语是第三人称单数,谓语(动词)要有相应的变化。

1. 一般情况加s,例如:looks, listens, visits

2. 以ch, sh, s, x或o结尾的词,加-es,例如:teaches, washes, guesses, goes, does

3. 辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i加-es,例如:carry-carries, study-studies

(三)用法:

1. 表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。如:often, always,

usually, sometimes, every morning/night/evening/day/week, twice a week, never.

如:I read English every morning.

2. 表示客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。如:The earth moves around the sun.

3. 表示现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。如:I don't want so much.

4. 表示格言或警句中。如:Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

5. 表示现在的状态。有些表示状态和感觉的动词表示现在发生的具体行为时,只用一

般现在时。 如:I feel so cold.

二、现在进行时

(一)定义:现在正在发生的事情。

(二)构成:is/am/are +动词现在分词。动词现在分词的构成规则如下:

1. 一般情况直接加ing,如falling。

2. 以不发音字母e结尾的单词,去e加ing,如:having,taking

3. 以重读的“辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母”结尾的单词,双写词尾辅音字母再加

ing。如:running, swimming, putting等。

(三)用法:

1. 表示说话时正在进行的动作,如:She is having tea.

2. 表示现阶段正在进行着的动作,如:I am writing a novel these days.

3. 表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,如:She is coming soon.

三 一般现在时和现在进行时的区别

1. 一般现在时表示经常性的动作;而现在进行时表示暂时性的动作。

He walks to work.他步行上班。(习惯、经常性的动作)

He's walking to work because his bike is being repaired. 他现在走着上班因为他的自行车正在修理。(只是暂时的情况)

Where does he live?他家住在哪儿?(询问一般的情况)

Where is he living(staying)?他这几天住在哪儿?(询问暂时一段时间的情况)

2. 现在进行时有时可用来代替一般现在时,表达说话人的某种感惰,使句子有强烈的

感情色彩。常与always,forever连用。

You are always forgetting the important thing.你总是把重要的事情忘掉。(表达不满情绪) Mary is doing fine work at school.玛丽在学校学习得挺不错。

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15. 常规演习 Bob often _____ his father with the farm work on Sundays. A. help B. helping C. helps D. helped In many countries people_____ English. A. speak B. speaks C. spoke D. is spoken Today both city people and country people _____ computers. A. is using B. uses C. use D. are using Usually, Betty _____ in colorful T-shirts in summer. A. wears B. is dressed C. is wearing D. dresses My school is a little far, so I usually _____ to work by bike. A. went B. going C. go D. goes —Is your father a doctor? —Yes, he is. He _____ in Town Hospital. A. is work B. is working C. works D. worked People _____ trees to help themselves every year. A. plant B. are planting C. were planting D. planted Half an hour’s exercise a day _____ doctors away. A. keep B. keeps C. is keeping D. kept —What do you do? —I’m an teacher. I _____ in a school in Changsha. I like my job very much. A. worked B. am working C. will work D. work (辽宁06)—What _____under your bed, Nick? —Oh, where is my model plane, Dad? A. do you do B. are you doing C. have you done D. did you do —Listen! What’s that noise? —My brother _____ TV in the sitting room. A. watches B. is watching C. has watched D. will watch —Could you go to buy some salt for me? —Sorry, mum. I _____ my homework. A. am doing B. will finish C. was doing D. were doing —What _____ you _____? —I’m playing computer games. A. do, do B. can, do C. are, doing D. were, doing —What’s that terrible noise? —The neighbors _____ for a party. A. prepared B. prepare C. will prepare D. are preparing —What’s your father doing now?

—He _____ the room.

A. cleaned B. cleans C. has cleaned D. is cleaning

真题演练

《五三》真题P56 4、7、8、9、12、13、 P57B组2题分别改为16~22题

23. (北京10)—What’s your father doing now?

—He _____ the room.

A. cleaned B. cleans

24. (杭州07)—What’s that terrible noise?

—The neighbors _____ for a party.

A. prepared B. prepare

25. (湘西06)—What _____ you _____?

—I’m playing computer games.

A. do, do B. can, do C. has cleaned D. is cleaning C. will prepare D. are preparing C. are, doing D. were, doing

第十章 一般将来时和一般过去时

一、一般现在时

(一)定义:一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。

(二)构成:1. be going to +动词原形 2. will + 动词原形

(三)用法:

1. 用be going to do表示将来:主要意义,一是表示―意图‖,即打算在最近的将来或

将来进行某事。另一意义是表示―预见‖,即现在已有迹象表明将要发生或即将发生某种情况。

Are you going to post that letter?

It’s going to rain.

2. will/ shall do表示将来:一是表示预见,二是表示意图.

You will feel better after taking this medicine.

I will not lend the book to you.

一、一般过去时

(一)定义:一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为;过去主语所具备的能力和性格。

(二)构成:主语+动词过去式+其他。规则动词过去式变化规则如下:

1. 直接加ed:work— worked

2. 以不发音e结尾的单词,直接加d:live —lived

3. 以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加ed:study— studied

4. 以“辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母”结尾且重读的单词,双写最后的辅音字母+ed:

stop— stopped plan—planned

(三)用法:

1. 一般过去时表示在过去某个特定时间发生,也可以表示过去习惯性、经常性的动作。

一般不强调动作的影响,只说明的事情。一般过去时常与表示过去的时间状语或从句连用,如:yesterday,last week ,in the past, in 2013, at that time, once, during the war,before,a few days ago,when 等等.

2. 表示在此之前一段时间内经常或反复的动作。常与always,never等连用。如:She

always tried to teach me right from wrong.

3. 如果强调已经终止的习惯时要用 used to do(过去常常做,而不那样做了)。如:

Mother used to wake me up early in the morning.妈妈过去常常早早地叫我起床。

4. 有些句子,虽然没有表示过去确定时间的状语,但实际上是指过去发生的动作或存

在的状态的话,也要用过去时,这一点,我们中国学生往往出错,要特别注意! 如:I thought you were ill. 我以为你病了呢。(这句话应是在说话之前,我以为你病了。但是我知道你没病)

5. 在谈到已死去的人的情况时,多用过去时。如:He died in 1990.

常规演习

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going to be D. will go to be

2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t work C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

26.

27.

28.

29.

30. 3. He ________ very busy this week, but he ________ free next week. A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be 4. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday. A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give 5. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________. A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t D. No, please. 6. If they come, we ________ a meeting. A. have B. will have C. had D. would have 7.______your parents at home last week﹖ A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were 8. The twins____in Dalian last year. They___here now. A.are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was 9. ____your father at work the day_____yesterday(前天)﹖ A.Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after 10.—Who was on duty last Friday﹖ —______. A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't 11. I cleaned my classroom ___________. A. with three hours B. three hours ago C. in three hours D. three hours before 12. —What did you do ________ ? —I went to the movies. A next morning Bover the weekend C in the weekend D next Monday 13. The pizza _____ by my mother. Would you like to have some? A. makes B. was making C. made D. was made 14. The doctor looked over the boy carefully after he _____ to the hospital. A. takes B. is taken C. took D. was taken 15. —Hi, Kate. You look tired. What’s the matter? —I _____ well last night. A. didn’t sleep B. don’t sleep C. haven’t sleep D. won’t sleep 真题演练 (2013北京)Mr. Green, a famous writer, _____ our school next week. A. visited B. visits C. was visiting D. will visit (2013上海)The schoolboy _____ to the blind man on his way home yesterday afternoon. A. apologizes B. apologized C. will apologize D. has apologized (2013温州)Sam opened the door and _____ a lovely dog outside. A. finds B. found C. has found D. will find (2012湖北襄阳)—Have you washed the clothes? —Not yet. But I _____ them in half an hour. A. washed B. have washed C. will wash D. wash (2012 山东临沂)Traveling to space is no longer just a dream. Russia ______ the first hotel

in space in the near future.

A builds B. will build C. build D has build

31. (2012 山东临沂)It _____ Mr Green an hour to fix up his bicycle yesterday.

A. cost B. paid C. spent D. took

32. (2012四川成都)一Guess what! I saw Sally in London.

一Really? I ________ she was in New York.

A.think B.was thinking C.thought D.am thinking

33. (2012四川广安)—Hey, Tony. You look tired today.

—I until 12 o’clock last night for the math test.

A. woke up B. stayed up C. grew up

34. (2012绵阳市)—Jane, your bedroom is so dirty.

—Sorry, I’ll ________.

A. clean up it B. clean it up C. clean them up

35. (2012四川宜宾)I hope Tim can come to my birthday party. Then we ________ a much

happier time.

A. have B. had C. will have D. have had

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