现在进行时 过去进行时 一般将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时
She is an engineer.
He has breakfast at 6:00every day.
3）注意：a)一般现在时通常与always , often , usually , every day , sometimes , once a week 等时间状语连用。
I always watch TV at 8:00 in the evening .
They go home once a week .
We usually do our homework at home .
The sun always rises in the east .
The light travels faster than the sound .
He lives in the country .
come---comes speak---speaks work---works live---lives
b)以o, s, x, ch, sh结尾的单词在词后加-es.
do---does go---goes finish---finishes brush---brushes
fix---fixes pass---passes watch---watches
Study---studies carry-carries cry---cries
last night ,some years ago, in 1990,in those days.等连用。
I was a student 6years ago. I went to Beijing last year. They saw a film last night .
work---worked call----called laugh----laughed
Explain----explained finish----finished knock----knocked
live----lived change----changed smoke----smoked die----died graduate----graduated drive----drove
study----studied carry----carried cry----cried
e)以“一个元音字母＋一个辅音字母”结尾的单词应先双写这个辅音字母然后再加-ed. stop----stopped plan----planned pat----patted
do----did go----went come----came run----ran write----wrote begin----began drink----drank keep----kept leave----left sleep----slept
make----made lie----lay dig----dug eat----ate know----knew cut----cut set----set let----let read----read hurt----hurt 例句：
1) I (be) a teacher 2 years ago.
2) He (be) a student now.
(do) his homework at home every day.
4) They (join) the Party in 1998.
(eat) apples yesterday.
6) We (play) basketball every day.
( go ) home once a week.
1)表示将来发生的动作或存在的状态，常与表将来的时间状语tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next Sunday, soon, in a few days等连用。
I shall go to Shanghai tomorrow.
They will have a meeting next week.
----She will be 20 years old.
----Will she be 20 years old?
----Yes, she will./ No, she won’t .
be(am, is, are)going to
They will have a meeting next Sunday.
(will=are going to )
---What will they do next Sunday ?
---When will they have a meeting?
4) be about to＋V.原形
I am about to leave school.
They are about to set out.(√)
They are about to set out soon.(×)
(do) his homework at school every day.
2.They (finish) their work yesterday.
(visit) their farm next year.
1)现在进行时表示现在或现在这段时间正在进行的动作。通常与now, at present 等时间状语连用。
2)基本结构：主语+be(am, is, are)+ v-ing +…
You are listening to me carefully now.
She is writing a letter this year.
Look! They are dancing.
We are studying English at present .
It’s raining hard now.
do – doing read - reading work – working think – thinking
study – studying go – going watch – watching jump - jumping
②以不发音的字母e 结尾的动词，应先去掉 e 然后加 – ing
like – liking take – taking leave – leaving live – living
receive – receiving dance – dancing come – coming smoke – smoking write - writing ③ 以“一个元音字母 + 一个辅音字母”结尾的动词，应先双写这个辅音字母然后再加-ing stop – stopping begin – beginning dig – digging
swim – swimming run – running sit – sitting
(注意：listen – listening open – opening eat – eating rain – raining sleep - sleeping)
1） 通常与 at 6:00 yesterday, at this/ that
time yesterday, when 引导的时间状语等连用。
2） 基本结构 主语+be (was/were) +v- ing +…
1.It was raining at 7:00 the day before yesterday.
2.They were building a reservoir at this time last winter. 3)例句
1. 前天那个时候Tom 正在看电影。
4.I ____ (do) my homework yesterday.
5.He ____ (do) his homework at 5:00 yesterday.
6.He ____ (do) his homework now.
通常与下列时间状语连用 up to now, in the past, recently, by… , for 5 years, since 1994, so far, already, yet, ever, just…
2)基本结构 主语+ have/has + P.P(动词过去分词)
1.I’ve finished this work.
2.He has ever been to Australia.
3.I have not heard from her recently. 3)过去分词的构成(规则变化同过去式的构成）
do did done go went gone eat ate eaten come came come Have had had write wrote written be was/were been see saw seen hear heard heard swim swam swum drink drank drunk give gave given forget forgot forgotten take took taken keep kept kept sleep slept slept teach taught taught buy bought bought tell told told make made made cut cut cut hurt hurt hurt read read read let let let
1. 含有终止意义或暂短意义的动词不能与 for, since 引导的一般时间状语连用。 （buy, begin, die, come, go , join, leave 等）
A) I have bought a book.
I have bought a book for 3 day. (wrong)
I have had a book for 3 years.
B) He have joined the army for 3 years. (wrong)
He has been in the army for 3 years.
He joined the army 3 years ago.
C) He has been dead for 3 years.
He died 2 years ago.
It is 2 years since he died.
He has died for 2 years. (wrong)
D) He has gone to Australia.
He has been to Australia.
I ___ (hear) form her recently / yesterday.
Bob 自从 1997 年在这所学校教学。
1）表示动作发生在过去某一时间之前已经完成的动作或状态， 强调“过去的过去”， 常与 by the time, by the end of…,before , by 等引导时间的状语连用。
2)基本结构 主语+ had + 动词过去分词 + …
When I got to the cinema yesterday the film had begun already.
He had learned English before he came here.
He had aught this class for 3 years by the time I left the school.
By the end of last term I had learned 2000 English words.
I. Fill in the blanks.
1. We usually ___ (get ) up at 7:00 every morning.
2.She ___ (watch) TV when she heard a loud knock at the door this time yesterday.
3.My mother ___ (come) here tomorrow.
4. Look ! Some one ___ (dance) there.
5. Wei Hua’s brother ___ (join) the army in 1995.
6. He ___ (write) a letter this afternoon.
7. Rice ___ (grow) in the south of China.
8. She said ___ (go) to Japan next year.
9. We ___ (study) 2,000 words since we came to the school.
10. By the end of last term he ___ (teach) that class for 2 years.