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中考复习 介词

发布时间:2014-02-12 17:09:09  

English Class
Boys and Girls, attention please!

九 年 级 英 语 复 习 课

The most important key to achieving great success is to decide upon your goal and get started, take action move.
要达成伟大的成就,最重要的秘诀在于确定你的目标, 然后开始干,采取行动,朝着目标前进

民间自有高手在

在桌子上方悬挂着
above

小猫在大猫肚子里 in

在盘子上 on

Where is the snail?
under
A
between __________

in
B

on

next _____ to

Group discussing, tell me the answers.

behind __________

______________

before

across from

near

方位介词或短语: on,over,above ? 在…上面:______________________ under,below ? 在…下面:______________________ ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

group discussion

在…后面:______________________ behind,at the back of… 在…前面:______________________ before;in front of;in the front of 在…旁边:______________________ besides,near,by Inside,in,into 在…里面:______________________ 在…外面:______________________ outside,out 在…中间:______________________ between,among across;through 穿过…:________________________ 时间介词: in:年、月、周、季节、季度、世纪 on:具体某一天和具体某天的早、中、晚 at:具体时间点

思考:方式介词和 原因介词有哪些?

介词
一、中考对介词的考查主要集中在: 1、掌握常用介词及其词组的主要用法和意义; 2、掌握常用动词、形容词与介词、 副词的固定搭配及其意义。

1--- Jim, when were you born? --- I was born ___________ October, 1998. A A.in B. at C. on 2. Tom usually goes fishing __ B Sunday morning. A. at B. on C. for 3. Linda was born ______ C July 2, and my birthday is also ______ that month. A. in, on B. in, at C. on, in D. on, at 4. Linda has bought a large house _______ a swimming pool. A A with B. in C. on D. from D 5. 6. —It’s a top secret. —Yes, I see. I will keep the secret C you and me. A. with B. among C. between

中考链接


知识网络


介词不能单独使用

时间介词 ? ? ? ? 地点介词 ?介词的分类? ? ?方式介词 ? ? ?定语 状语 介词?介词的功能? ?表语 宾语 ? 介词+名词 ? ? ?介词短语? ?动词+介词 ? ? ?be+形容词+介词 ?

表示时间的介词
1.at, on, in (1)

at用于表示小地点 in用于表示大地点 on表示在物体接触表面上

表示“在……岁”时用___________________ at the age of …
表示地点时,后加小地点,常用arrive at

at“在某一时刻、某一____________” 时间点 ,

具体某天 (2) on表示“在________________ 或某天的上、下午”。
(3) in表示“在__________________________________” 年、月、周、季节、季度、世纪 以及泛指的上、下午、晚上夜间用in the morning/afternoon/evening, 表示地点时,加大地点

,常用arrive in at sunrise 日出时 at lunch午饭时 at noon正午时 in winter in 1999 at night夜间

on Monday
in September

on April 1st

on the afternoon of May 23
in the 20th century

表示时间的介词
2.for, during, through

完成时 (1) for表示“一段时间”,后接与数词连用的时间名词多与 ____________连用
(2) during表示“_________________” 在…期间

(3) through表示“一直……,自始至终”
________ ___________后决不可接数字 for 后面跟“数字+时间名词”, during I’ve been a soldier for 5 years.我入伍已5年了。

What did you do during the summer vacation? 你在暑假做了什么?
They worked hard through the winter.整个冬天他们都在努力工作 She___________ treated me ______ like her brother through these years. 这些年来她始终把我当哥哥对待。 补充:in+一段时间:在…之后,用在将来时

表示时间的介词
3.from, since
(1) from 作“从……”解,多用于“__________________…” 中。 from…to…

(2) since表示“自从……以来(直到现在)”,用在_____________ 时态,与 _____相对 for 完成时 应
for与since表示一段时间,但for与时间段连用,而since与时间点连用。 Since后加过去时间或是 He has been away from home since 1973. 他自从1973年就离开了家乡。 each other You can come anytime from Monday to Friday. 周一至周五你什么时间来都行 过去式的句子(过去事件) We have known ________ _________ since ten years ago.我们十年前就认识了

4.before, by, till, until
(1) before“在……之前” at the end of:在…的末尾/尽头 (2) till (until) “直到…… 为止” 到… 为止 (3) by指“不迟于,____________,在……以前” Please come before ten o’clock.请by 10点以前来。 the end of How many models had you made_____ ______ _____ _____last month? 截至上月底你做了多少个模型?

表示时间的介词
5.after, in, within ①after表示“在……之后”,是____________ 的反义词。 before ②within“在…时间之内”,后面跟时间段, for+时间段,一般用在________ 完成时 during,在…期间+时间段 将来时 , ③in“在……时间之后”,后面跟时间段,用在_________ Hold on常用语打电话,不要挂,请稍等 hold a party after dinner.晚餐后我们将举办晚会 We’ll ______ =wait (for)a moment I’ll phone you after I arrive.到达后我给你打电话。 (after作连词) after作介词,后加时间点;作连词,后加句子 I can finish it within an hour.我不需一小时就可把它做完。 I’ll arrive in an hour.我一小时后到达。

表示“地点、方向”的介词
1.in,outside,between, among ①in表示“在……里面”, outside指“在……外面” ②__________ 在…之间(指二者) _________ between among 在…之间(指三者以上) 常见用法:between…and…

,between +n复数; She put her book in the desk. 她把书放进了书桌。

There are many people outside the room.房间外有很多人。
There is a hospital ___________the between hotel _______ and the post office. 在宾馆与邮局之间有所医院。

The building stands between the park and the small river.
那栋建筑位于公园和小河之间。

among the crowd. 他在人群中找到了他的位置。 He found his place ________

the+形容词.表示一类人

表示“地点、方向”的介词
2.on, above, over, below, under (1) on在……上面,表面相互接触。

(2) above只表示“在……上方或位置高出……”,与___________ below 相对。 (3) over“在……正上方”,与under ____________相对。 There is an apple on the table. 桌上有一个苹果。 __________________________ the hill, there is a flag. 山顶有一面旗子。 On the top of The+姓氏:某人一家 ________ ________ live above us. 怀特一家人住在我们的上面 The white There is a bridge over the river.河上有一座桥。 Her skirt reaches just below her knees.她的裙子刚到膝盖下。 3.near, by, beside be far (away) from:离…远 (1) near在……附近,与_______ far 相对 (2) by = beside,靠近,在……旁边,比near距离更近 A hospital was built near the railway station.在火车站附近建了一所医院。 He just sat by/ beside me in the cinema.在电影院他就坐在我旁边。 by the window靠窗,by the door靠门 by还可用于表示方式:by bike/bus/train/plane/air

表示“地点、方向”的介词
4.in front of, behind, around
(1) in front of在……前面 _____________________________ (2) behind在……后面

(3) around在……周围,围绕 A river flows in front of the house.房子前有一条河 They put a bunch of flowers in front of the door. 他们在门前放了一束花。 in the front of表示“在……前部”,指里面。 There is a red chair ______________________ in the front of the room. 在房间前半部有把红椅子。 A high building stands behind the village.

in the front of 在…后面:at the back of

我记不住 啊…

lie lied lied lying撒谎 The cat lies behind the door. 猫躺在门后面。 lie lay lain lying躺 There are many trees around the village.村子周围有很多树围绕。 lay laid laid laying下蛋

5.from, to, for, into, out of

表示“地点、方向”的介词

(1) from从…… towards:去…(表朝向) (2) to到……(目的地)去,向…… leave for 启程去… (3) for向……,表目的方向, _______________ (4) into进入 (5) out of从……出来 The train started from Paris.火车发自巴黎。 They got to the town very late. 他们很晚才到那个镇。 He left for Tianjin on business yesterday.他昨天出差去天津了。 The train for Shanghai has been away. 去往上海的火车已经开走了。 The teacher came into the classroom with a smile. 老师微笑着

走进了教室。 with表伴随,带着… A beautiful girl ______ in ______ red went out of the shop. 一个穿红衣服的漂亮女孩从商店里走了出来。 in+颜色;put on穿上; be dressed in穿着=wear; 表示穿着 dress sb./oneself给…穿衣服 dress up盛装打扮,用…装扮 have on穿着,多用于口语

表示“地点、方向”的介词
6.along, across, through
(1) along沿着

(2) across横穿,介词,cross动词 (3) through穿过,从中间穿过或是贯穿 He likes to drive along the river.他喜欢沿着河开车。 There are __________________ all kinds of beautiful flowers along the road. be afraid of doing=be afraid to do 沿街有着各种美丽的花。 The little girl_____ ______ ______ is afraid to go across the street. 这个小女孩不敢横穿马路。 It’s dangerous to run across the busy road. 跑着穿越繁忙的马路是很危险的

It is adj. (for sb.) to do sth.对某人来说做某事是怎么样的
____________________________________________________. It took us 10 minutes to drive through the tunnel. 开车穿过这条隧道花了我们10分钟时间。

It takes/took sb. sometime to do sth.做某事花费某人多长时间

大河向东 流啊…

看图用介词
towards

身在花丛 中啊…

among

through 我要过 河… across

穿过树林

relaxing

其它用途的介词
其他用途的 介词?有哪 些呢?

看图用介词
猪肉15块一斤 at the price of 15 时速70公里 at a speed of 70 kilometers 我是一个木偶人 I am made of wood.

表示标准或单位
表示“标准或单位”的介词:at, for, by
(2) for用……交换 (3) by以……计,后跟度量单位 He drove at ________________80 a speed of miles an hour.他以每小时80英里的速度行驶。 I sold my car at a _________price. 我以高价出售了我的汽车。 high I bought it for 20 dollars.买它花了我20美元。 How much for these apples? 这些苹果多少钱?

at表示单价 (1) at表示“以……速度”“以……价格” for表示总价the

Gold is sold by the gram.金以克出售。 They paid him by the month.他们按月给他计酬。

at the price of… 以…的价格

(1) of 表示从成品仍可看出原料。 (2) from表示从成品已看不出原料。 (3) in 用……材料

表示“材料”的介 词

This box is made of paper.这个盒子是纸做的。 Bread is made from wheat.面包是小麦做的。 The lifeboat is made from some special material.

常与write, speak, talk, answer连用

这个救生艇是由某种特殊材料制成的。 Please fill in the form in pencil first.请先用铅笔填写这个表格。

They talk in English.他们用英语交谈。
比较:用铅笔画

in指材料时,材料前不用冠词

表示“工具或手段”的介词:by, with, on (1) by凭借“工具或手段(多用于交通工具) by bus乘公共汽车,by plane乘飞机 (3) on以……方式。多用于固定词组。

表示“工具或

手段 ”
交通工具还可用in

(2) with用……工具,工具前必须加冠词或物主代词。 He usually goes to work by bike.他通常骑车去上班。 He sent the news to me by e-mail.他通过电子邮件发给了我这一消息 He broke the window with a stone.他用石头把窗户打破了。 They talked on the telephone.他们通过电话进行交谈。

send sth. to sb.发送…给…

She learns English on the radio/on TV.她通过收音机/电视学英语。

on表示工具时,后面大多接电器类

表示“关于”的介词
表示“关于”的介词:of, about, on
(1) of仅指“关于”人或事物的存在, (2) about指“关于”某人或某事物的较详细的情况。 (3) on是指“关于”学术性的或严肃的,供专门研究用的。

He spoke of the film the other day.他前几天提到了这部影片。
He thought _______ of this matter yesterday.他昨天想到了这件事。 It’s a book ______ children about Africa and its people. 它是一本供儿童阅读的关于非洲和非洲人的书。 He thought ________ about this matter yesterday.他昨天考虑了这件事。

我都知道, 你知道吗?

for

Can you tell me something about yourself ___________? 你能告诉我一些关于你自己的事情吗? It’s a textbook on the history of China.它是一本有关中国历史的教科书。

matter:事情、麻烦 question:主观问题,需要answer problem:客观问题,需要work out/solve issue:国际大事件

表示“原因、理由”的介 词 表示“原因、理由”的介词:for, at, from, of, with
(1) for:“一般的理由”常与famous, punish等词连用。 (2) at:“情感”的原因,放在表示“惊讶或喜悦等感情”的动词或形容词之后, 表示“因听到或看到而……” (3) from:“外在的原因”。如受伤、车祸等

be well known for因…被知名 (4) of:“内在的原因”,如病、饿等。 be well-known for因…出名 (5) with:“由外在影响到肉体或心理”的原因。 =be famous for
Xi’an _____ ______ _____ famous for its long history.西安因历史悠久而著名。 The city is ______ well ________ known for her large population. 这座城市以人口众多而知名。

She got angry at his words.她因为他的话生气了。 因…而生气:be angry with/at=be mad at He died from the wound.他因受伤而致死。 The old man died of hunger.老人死于饥饿。 He shook with cold.他因寒冷而发抖。

loudly:响亮的,有嘈杂之意 aloud:强调出声让人听见 He shouted loudly with anger. 他气得大喊大叫。 loud:常用于比较级

like/as;against/for
6.like, as Like-介词,像,反义词unlike; (1) like像……一样 动词,喜欢,反义词dislike. (2) as作为,以……身份 The little tiger looks like a cat.这只小老虎看起来像只猫。 The mooncakes are like the moon. 月饼像月亮。 He was hanged as a spy.他被作为间谍绞死了。

He talked to me as a father.他以父亲的身份跟我谈话。 7.against, for against _____________ 反对,与______________ 是反义词 for Are you for my idea or against it? 你赞同还是反对我的想法? They fought against the enemy. 他们抗击敌人。
be for=be agree to.

Just for fun

besides/except/except for
8.besides, except都表示“除了”。besides的用法就等于__________________ 。 as well as He is interested in tennis besides(as well as)football. 除了足球,他还对网球感兴趣。 (1)besides “_______________ 除了…还有 、除之外…又”,表示两部分的相似性 (2)except __________________ 除了…都… (3)except for 除了 ___________________________ …肯定大部分,否定小部分 Twenty-five students went to the cinema besides him. 除他以外,还有25个学生去看了电影。(他和另外25人都去了) We like biology besides English.除了英语外,我们还喜欢生物。 Everyone is excited except me.除我以外的每个人都很激动。 All the visitors are Japanese except him. 除他以外的所有游客都是日本人。

看图用介词

除了有一只是刺猬,都是仙人球. There are many cactus except a hedgehog. 除了一只黄色的青蛙,还有两只绿色的.

There are two green frogs besides a yellow one.

介词的省略
在以下几种情况中,介词常常省略。 1.表示时间的词前有this, that, next, last, every, each, some, any, all等,介词省 略

2.表示时间的名词前有不定冠词,且不定冠词作“每一……”解时,前面不用介
词 3.含有way的短语用在句末时,介词省略 in the same way, in this/that way, in another way We watched an exciting football match last week. 上周我们看了一场激动人心的足球赛。 any youkeeps like. 你想哪天来就哪天来。 An Come apple a day day the doctor away.

_______________________________________________
每天吃一个苹果,医生不找我 She did it the same way.她用同样的方法做的。

写作业了…

小组派代表回答

写作业啦…
正确答案+解析 单选6-10 6分

单选1-5 5分

用at/in/on 填空 7分

恭喜你 中奖啦 4分

单选11-15 6分

用at/in/on
My plane arrived _____ Bangkok two hours late. in at When will you arrive _____ the office? at an office? Do you work _____ in New York. I have a meeting _____ in Do you live _____ Japan? The author's name is _____ on the cover of the book.

There are no prices _____ this menu. in
You are standing _____ on my foot.

巩固练习
1. -What are you going to do tomorrow? -I will play _____ D football with my friends. A. a B. the C. an D. / B guitar? 2. Could you please help me to play _____ A. a B. the C. an D. / D red apples. Please give him ____ apple. 3. My little brother likes to eat ______ A. a; a B. a; an C. an; / D. /;an 4. We should plant more tress in ___ C spring and we often plant trees on __ Sunday. A. a; / B.

/; the C. /; / D. the; a A honest boy, you should tell ______ truth to your father. 5. As _____ A. an; the B. an; a C. an; / D. a; the 6. Do you know that March is ______ B month of the year? A. a three B. the third C. a third D. the three 7. My brother is a ______ B boy and he can’t go to school now A. four years B. four-year-old C. four-years-old D. four years old 8. It is said that the big fish in the lake is about ______. A A. four meters long B. four meter long C. four-meter long D. four-meters long

巩固练习
9. —What’s the date today? —It is _______. A A. March the eighth B. March eight C. eight March D. eighth March 10.—Where does your English teacher live? —He lives on _____ C floor of that red building.. A. five B. fifth C. the fifth D. the five 11. This is my _____time to play the piano at our school. A A. second B. two C. seconds D. the two 12. Our English teacher tells us that the _____day of the week is Sunday. C A. seven B. seventh C. first D. one 13. There are _____days in a year. B A. three hundreds sixty-five B. three hundred and sixty-five C. three hundred and sixty five D. three hundreds and sixty five 14. My pen pal, Jack, is in_______ B in a high school in American. A. Three Class, One Grade B. Class Three, Grade One C. Grade One, Class Three D. One Grade, Three Class 15. There are ______months in a year and December is the ______month of the year. B A. twelve; twelve B. twelve; twelfth C. twelfth; twelve D. twelfth; twelfth.

Summary
? 三分钟时间写这节课的收获
1知识点 2语法知识 3词语之间的区别
写完收获的同学举手,最快 最全完成的小组加一面红旗

凳子摆好、垃圾带走 2组打扫卫生


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