Unit1 What’s the matter？
? 1 What’ s the matter? 怎么啦？出什么事情了？ ? 【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.问题；事情 ? What’ s the matter with you? ? = What’s the trouble with you? ? = What’ s wrong with you? ? 你怎么了？ ? 【注】： matter 和trouble 为名词， 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词 ， ? wrong 是adj. 不能加the ? 【2013自贡3】18. —What’s the matter C ______ Tom. He is wet through. ? —His car ran _______ the river. ? A.with; in B.to; into C.with; into
? 【用法】用于询问某人有什么病或某人遇到什么 麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时， 与介词with连 用。即： What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble?= What’s up? = What happens to sb.? — What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold. ?B ( ) ①What’s ____ with you? ? A. trouble B. the matter ? C. the wrong D. matter ?D ( )② — ______? ? — Nothing serious , but a bit tired. ? —Better have a rest now, dear. ? A. Is that all B. Is there anything else ? C. What’s this D. What’s the matter with you
? 【2013湖北孝感】—_________? C ? ? ? ? ? C
? ? ? ?
— I have a headache and I don’t feel like eating anything. A. How are you B. What can I do for you C. What’s the matter with you D. How do you like it 【2011．云南昆明】27. —What’s the matter with Tina? —_______________. A. She is away. B. She is cool. C. She has a sore throat. D. She should take some medicine
? 【拓展】matter的用法 ? (1) It doesn’t matter 没关系 （用来回答 别人道歉时的用语） ?B ( ) — I’m sorry to break your pen. ? —_______ ? A. That’s right B. It doesn’t matter ? C. Thank you ? 【2013江苏徐州】3. —Please don't throw C paper on the ground. ? —________，I won't. ? A. Excuse me B. That's all right ? C. Sorry D. It doesn't matter
?A 【2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔】17.－I have a pain in my back. ? － _____ . You’d better see a doctor. ? A. I’m sorry to hear that B. Nothing serious ? C. It doesn’t matter ? 【2013湖北武汉】39. —I’m very sorry. I broke your tea A cup. ? —__________. ? A. It doesn’t matter B. You’d better not ? C. Take it easy D. It’s too bad ? 【2013四川广安】26．—Sorry, I'm late again． B ? —______. ? A．That’s OK B．It doesn't matter C．Good idea ? (2) as a matter of fact= in fact 事实上, 实际上
? 2. I have a cold 我感冒了 ? I have a stomachache 我患胃痛 ? I have a sore back. 我背痛。 ? 【解析1】have a cold 受凉;感冒 ? have a/an + 疾病名词 “患……病” (cold/fever/cough) ? have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 ? have a sore back 患背痛 ? have a fever 发烧 ? have a cold =catch a cold 患感冒 ? have a stomachache 患胃痛 ? have a toothache患牙痛 ? have a headache 患头痛 ? have a
have ? ①Mike’s sister doesn't _________________(not have) a stomachache. ? 【2012曲靖中考】I didn’t sleep well last C night, because I _____ a toothache . A. was B. went C. had D. took ? 【2013山东莱芜】—Tony, What’s ___ matter with you? B ? — I have _____ toothache. ? A. a; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; / ? 【解析2】back n 背；背部 at the back of......在......的后面 ? go/come back 返回 give back 归还
? 3 hand n 手 hand in hand 手拉手V 交给；传递 ? hand in 上交 hand on 依次传递 hand out 分发 ? 4. She talked too much yesterday and didn’t drink enough water. ? 她昨天说话太多了并且没有喝足够的水。 ? 【解析1】too much/too many/much too ? 短语 含义 用法 例句 ? too much 太多后接不可数名词修饰动词，放在动 词之后 ? There is too much rain these days. ? Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes. ? too many 太多 后接可数名词复数 There are too many things for me to do every day. ? much too 太 修饰形容词或副词 ? It’s much too cold in winter.
? ( D ? ? A ? ? ? ? D ? ? ?
) Mr. Smith eats ______ food, so he’s _____ fat. A .much too; too much B .too many; much too C. too much; too much D. too much ;much too 【2013孝感】—Why are you so tired these days? —Well, I have ________ homework to do. A. too much B. too many C. much too D. many too 【2013广西玉林】— The meat is ____ delicious. — Yes, but don’t eat _____. A. too much; too much B. much too; too much C. too much ; much too D. much too; much too
? 解析2】enough 的用法 ? (1) adj.足够的，充分的 修饰名词时，可放 在名词之前或之后 enough time ? (2) adv. “足够地， 十分，相当” ? 修饰adj./adv,放在adj./adv 后 expensive enough ? (3) be +adj. +enough to do sth ? be strong enough to carry the box. ?A ( ) ① The boy isn’t ___ to dress himself. ? A. old enough B. enough old ? C. old
? ( ) ②—What do you think of the lecture of Li Yang’s C Crazy English?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? — I think it’s _____ , but someone thinks it’s much too _____. A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring C. wonderful enough; boring D. enough wonderful ; bored 【2013绥化3】26. — How do you like the talk show? — I think it’s ________, but some people think it’s so________. A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring C. wonderful enough; boring
? 5. drink some hot tea with honey. 喝一些加蜂蜜 的热茶。 ? 【解析】with ：⑴prep “具有， 带有” , 表示某 物带有或具有某种特征。 ? She is a girl with long hair. ? with （反） without ?B ( ) He has a sore throat . He should ______. ? A. see a dentist B. drink hot tea with honey ? C. drink a lot of milk D. eat nothing ? 【2010宁夏1】25. — Would you like some A coffee? ? — Yes, and
please get me some milk. I prefer coffee ____ milk. ? A. with B. to C. of D. on
? 【2013达州3】15. —Which would you B prefer, coffee or orange juice? ? ? ? D ? ? ? ? ? ? — Either _________ OK, but I prefer coffee __________milk in it. A.are, with B. is, to C .is, with D. are, to 【2013连云港】30. — I'd like a cup of black coffee. What about you, Maggie? — I prefer coffee ________ sugar. A. than B. for C. with D. to ⑵prep. 和......一起 I like to talk freely with my friends. ⑶ prep 用......， 表示“使用某种工具” Cut it with a knife.
? 6. see a dentist and get an x- ray. 看牙医并且拍 张x光。 ? 【解析1】see a dentist = go to a dentist看牙医 ? see a doctor = go to a doctor 看医生 ? 【解析2】X-ray/'eks rei/n. X 射线；X 光 ? 【2011湖南湘西】You are ill. You had better B ___ the doctor right now. ? A. look at B. see C. watch ? 【2012四川成都】33. —Where did you go B yesterday, Rick? ? —I went to see a ______ because I had a cold. ? A. teacher B. doctor C. reporter
? 7. What should she do?她该怎么办呢？ ? Should I take my temperature?我应该量一下体 温吗？ ? 【解析1】should “应该” 情态动词，后跟动词 原形，表示责任和义务 ? should not =shouldn’t 不应该 ? 主语+ should/ shouldn’t + 动词原形. .. ? ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息 一会儿。 ? ② You shouldn’t’ t go out at night.你晚上不应 该出去。 ? ①You should _________ (lie) down and rest. lie ? ( ) ② You ____ be quiet when you are in the A reading room. ? A. should B. shouldn’t C. can D. can’t
? 【2013重庆】30．Hurry up，or you A ____catch the train． ? A．can’t B．needn’t C．mustn't D. shouldn’t C ? 【2013山西】21. A country has dreams. We teenagers ________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created. ? A. may B. must C. should ? 【2013安徽】You _____ drive your car so C fast. It’s very dangerous. ? A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mightn’t ? 【解析2】take one’s temperature 量体温
? 8. No, it doesn’t sound like you have a fever. 不需要， 听起来你不像发烧了。 ? 【解析1】sound like 听起来像， 后接名词或名词 性短语作表语。 ? It sounds like a good idea. ? 【拓展】 “感官动词+ like ? feel like 摸起来像 smell like 闻起来像 look like 看起来像 ? taste like 尝起来像 ? 【解析2】fever/ 'fi:v?:(r)/n.发烧 have a fever 发 烧 ? You need to take breaks away from the computer. ? 你需要休息一下，远离电脑。
? 9. You need to take break away from the computer.你需 要远离电脑，休息休息。 ? 【解析】need v 需要 ? ◆用于肯定句是实义动词 ? (1) need sth 需要某物 I need your help. ? (2) 人做主语，sb need to do sth 某人需要做某事
? Do you need to drink more water? ? (3) 物做主语，sth need doing sth = sth need to be done ? My TV set needs repairing. ? ①I need __________(come) to the office quickly to come ? because some work need ___________(finish) at finishing once. ? ( ) ②David needs B ______ a good rest. ? A. has B. to have C. have D. having
? ? A? ?
用于否定句是情态动词 needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要 must ,need 引导的疑问句肯定回答用 ( ) ①— Must I hand in my exercise book now, Mr. Zhao? — No, you ______ .You may give it to me tomorrow. A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. may not ( ) ②You don’t have to go to bed too late at night. A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. would like to
? 【2013湖南邵阳】27.—Must I hand it in today? ? —No. you _____ .You can do it tomorrow. C ? A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't ? 【2013广东广州】20.—Must I finish my homework now? A ? —No, you ______. You can go home now. ? A. needn’ t B. mustn’t ? C. shouldn’t D. can’t C【2013湖南娄底】25. —Must I start now? ? ? —No, you_________ ? A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't
? 9. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving. ? 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。 ? 【解析】without doing sth. ? 10.If your head and neck still hurt tomorrow, then go to a doctor. ? 如果你的头和脖子明天还疼的话， 就去看医生。 ? 【解析1】neck /nek/ n.颈；脖子neck and neck 不分上下，势均力敌 ? 【解析2】hurt /h3：(r)t/ v. (hurt /h3：(r)t/) (使 痛 ；受伤) ? 表示肉体感到疼痛或不适，使用时应用疼痛 的具体部位作主语。 ? My leg hurts.
? 11. At 9:00 a.m . yesterday, bus No. 26 was going along Zhonghua Road when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road. ? 昨天上午9:00 , 26路公共汽车正沿着中华路行驶，这时， 司机看见一位老人躺在马路上。 ? 【解析1】along/ down ? 相同点： prep “顺着；沿着” ? 不同点：along 强调顺着水平方向 ? down 指“沿着……下坡或者往南走” B? 【2012江苏南京】 My father has habit(习惯) of jogging ____ the Jinchuan River Bfor an hour in the morning . ? A. between B. along C. over ? 【2011襄阳】29.---- Would you mind turning ____ the D light? It’s too dark here. ? ---- OK. Wait a minute, please. ? A. over B. on C. off D. down
? 【解析2】see （saw , seen） v 看见 ? see sb. do sth 看见某人做某事 （看到动 作发生的全过程或经常看到动作发生） ? see sb. doing sth 看见某人正在做某事 （强调动作正在发生） A ? 【2012四川雅安市1】17. Andy prefers _____ books to ____ TV. ? A. reading; watching B. read; watch ? C. looking; seeing D. look; see ? 【2013湖北黄石4】Seeing their teacher D ___ into the classroom, they stopped ___ ? a
t once. ? A. walk; telling B. entering; to speak ? C. enter; to tell D. walking; talking
? 解析3】lie/lai/v. (lay/lei/ )躺 ；平躺 ? lie → lay → lain v 躺下，(现在分词 lying ). ? lie down 躺下 ? lie down and rest 躺下休息
? 12.The bus driver, 24-year-old Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice. ? 公共汽车司机，24岁的王平，毫不犹豫的停下了车。 ? 【解析】24-year-old 24岁的 ? “数词+名词+形容词”构成复合形容词，在句中作定语， 用连字符后连接，名 词用单数。 ? ( )① Tom,____ boy, is the only child of the family. B ? A. a five years old B. a five-year-old ? C. a five-year-olds ? ( )② My brother has a _____ son. C ? A. four-years-old B. fourth-year-old ? C. four-year-old D. four-year-olds ? 【2013黑龙江绥化】She is a _____ girl with two big B eyes. ? A. Six-years- old B. six-year - old ? C. Six years old
? 13. He got off and asked the woman what happened. ? 他下车问那名妇女发生了什么事。 ? 【解析】get off 下车 (反） get on 上车 ? 【2012江苏徐州】 Don’t forget to take your A bag when you ___ the bus. ? A. get off B. take off ? C. turn off D. put off ? 【拓展】与get相关的短语： ? get up起床 get back回来；取回 get over克 服；度过 ? get on／along well with与……相处融洽 get in a word插话 get to到达 ?
? 2013山东滨州4】32. —So many problems! B ? ? ? C? ? ? ? I’m tired. —You should try to _______ them by yourself. You are not a child any longer. A. get into B. get off C. get on D. get over 【2013新疆乌鲁木齐2】27. If Ted can _______ his difficulties, he’ll make great progress. A. come over B. get over C. get off D. come out
? 14. But to his surprise, they all agreed to go with him. ? 但令他吃惊的是，所有的乘客都同意和他一起 去医院。 ? 【解析】surprise [s?'pra?z] ⑴v 使吃惊 →surprising adj. 令人吃惊的 ? →surprised adj. 吃惊的 ? surprise sb 使某人吃惊 ? The bad news surprised me. ? be surprised at 对……感到吃惊 ? be surprised to do sth 做某事而感到惊讶 ? be surprised + that从句 因...而惊讶 ? Surprise ⑵ n 惊讶” ? to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 ? in surprise 吃惊地 ?
To one ’ s surprise ? ①__________________(使我吃惊的是），
he got the first prize in the exam. ? ②We are ____________at the surprised surprising _____________news.(surprise) ?B ( ) ③ ___his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain. ? A. At B. To C. In D. On D? 【2011昭通】I was very surprised when the alien went into a souvenir shop. ? A. excited B. amazing ? C. relaxing D. amazed
? 【2012山东东营市4】19. The fans were ____ to know the death of their favorite D singing star Whitney Huston. ? A. glad B. angry C. excited D. surprised ? 【2013
枣庄】88. I got home for my A birthday from my college on Friday evening. No one was at home, and Mom and Dad hadn’t left me a note. This made me _________. ? A. surprised B. happy ? C. angry D. excited
? 【解析2】agree v→ (反)disagree – agreement n同意 (1) agree with sb. 同意某人 I agree with you. ? (2)agree to do sth 同意做某事 ①— Do you agree with him? ? — No, I ___________ disagree (agree ) with him. ? ( ) ②—I think English is more useful than Chinese. ? —I don’D t ____ you. They are both useful. A. get on with B. catch up with C. talk with D. agree with
? 15. Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers , the doctor saved the man in time. ? 多亏了王先生和乘客的帮助， 医生及时挽救了 那位老人的生命。 ? 【解析1】 thanks to 对亏；由于 ? ⑴thanks to为习语介词，thanks不可以改为thank you，to后也不接动词原形， ? 这个短语表示原因，意为“由于”、“多亏”， to表示感谢的对象 ? ⑵ thanks for ，意为“因……而感谢”，for强调 为何而感谢，其后可接名词或 ? v-ing ? thanks相当于 thank you ，
D ? 【2013黑龙江绥化】23. ________ the
? ? B ? ? ?
teacher, I’ve made great progress. A. Thank you B. Thanks C. Thanks lot D.Thanks to 【2013呼和浩特】74. _____ her husband， she has now become a famous film star. A. Because B. Thanks to C. Thanks for D. With the help
? 解析2】on time 准时/in time 及时 ? on time= at exactly the right time. 准 时（在规定的时间之内） 强调与某个时 刻一致 ? in time = with enough time to spare/ not late 及时（恰在时间点上） 表示动作 在规定时间内或比规定时间提前发生 ? 【记】She didn’t catch the ___________, so she couldn’t arrive there __________. ? 【短语】at times=sometimes 有时 ? have a good time 玩得高兴 ? have time =be free 有空 ? all the time 一直 ?
? at the same time 同时 ? by the time 到……时候 ? for the first time 第一次【句型】 It’s time to do sth =It’s time for sth 是该做某事的 时间了 ? It takes sb. some time to do sth 做某事花 费某人多长时间s ? 【湖北岳阳】I knew it was impossible for me __________( 按时上班) when I missed on time the last bus.
? 【山东东营】Tom didn’t go to school B_____ this morning because he overslept. ? A. at once B. on time ? C. by accident D. at present D? 【2013湖北黄石4】The teacher hope all of us can hand ____ our homework ____ ? time every day. ? A. up ; in B. out; on ? C. on; in D. in ; on
16. But the driver didn’t think about himself. ? 但是这位司机完全没有考虑他自己。 ? 【解析】 think about 考虑；认为 ? 【短语】：think about 考虑 ? think of 想起 ? think over 仔细考虑 ? think up = come up with 想出 ? 【谚语】 Think before you act 三思而后行
? ( ) ①We need______________( 想出 ) a plan. to think up/come up with ? ( )②My mother came up with a good idea B which we all agreed to. ? A. thought about B. thought up ? C. thought hard
? 17. Bus No.26 hit an old man on Zhonghua Road ? 26路公共汽车在中华路上撞到了一位老人 ? 【解析】hit/hit/v. (hit/hit/)( 用手或器具）击； 打 ? hit sb. 击中/撞到某人 The ball hit him in the face.
? 18.Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to get ? into trouble? ? 人们常常不去帮助别人是因为他们不想惹麻烦。 ? 【解析】trouble/'tr?bl/n .问题；苦恼 ? get into trouble造成麻烦（或烦恼） ? be in trouble 处于困境中 ? have trouble （in) doing sth做某事有困难 ? C【2012大理】That is a monkey on his back. Let’s help him. A. He has a monkey B. He likes playing with the mon C. He is in trouble D. He is good at studying
? 19. Jenny cut herself . 珍妮伤着自己了 ? 【解析】herself/h3:(r)'self/pron. (she 的反身代词） 她自己 ? 【解析】反身代词 ? (1)反身代词的构成 ? ◆一、二人称的反身代词 ? 构成:形容词性物主代词+self/selves构成 ? 单数 myself yourself ? 复数 ourselves yourselves ? ◆ 第三人称的反身代词 ? 构成:第三人称宾格+self/selves ? 单数： himself herself itself ? 复数： themselves
? (2)反身代词的常见搭配： ? enjoy oneself=have fun =have a good time 玩得高兴 ? teach oneself=learn …by oneself 自学 ? by oneself =alone 独自 ? help oneself to 随便吃 ? introduce oneself to 自我介绍 ? (3)反身代词必须与主语保持人称的一致。 ? 【温州3】4. —I’ll have a tennis game tomorrow. I’m a little bit nervous. ? —Believe in ______ . You’re the best C in our club. ? A. herself B. myself ? C. yourself D. himself
? 【聊城2】28. ------ Jim, please help ______ to
Bsome bread .
? ? ?
? ? ?
------ Thank you. A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D.myself. 【广东八地市4】27. Boys, don’t lose____ in playing Angry Birds. It is bad for your eyes to play computer games for a long time. A. himself B. yourself C. themselves D. yourselves 【2013山东 28. Jim, please help _____to some bread . —Thank you. A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D. myself
? 20. Did you fall down ?你跌倒了吗？ ? 【解析】fall → fell → fallen v 落下； 跌落 ? fall down 摔倒，（强调“滑倒，摔 倒”，指失去平衡而摔倒，后接宾语时，应加上 介词from ? She fell down from her bike ? fall off 指从某物上跌落下来。 ? The girl fell off the bike. ? = The girl fell down from the bike. ? fall into 落入 The leaf fell into the river. ? fall behind 落后 ? fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 ? fall asleep 入睡 ?
B( ) It’s not easy for Linda to _____ last
? night, because she was too excited. ? A. go to bed B. fall asleep ? C. fall into D. fall over ? 【2013湖北武汉】35. —What does the A instruction say? ? —The colors in the dress will _______ if you use hot water. ? A. fall B. appear C. run D. shine