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中考英语第一轮复习课件教材梳理人教新目标八年级上Units11和12

发布时间:2014-02-15 18:29:54  

2013年浙江中考第一轮复习

英 语

八年级(上) Units 11~12

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1.(2012· 宁波)—What do you want to eat for lunch? I will prepare earlier today. —Honey, you ________. Let's go out to have something different. A.mustn't C.shouldn't B.can't D.don't have to

解析:考查情态动词。由“Let's go out to have something different”.可知不需要早 点准备午饭了,故答案选D项,意为“不必”。 答案:D 2.(2012· 湖州)Thanks very much for i______ me to your birthday party. 解析:thank sb. for doing sth.“因……而感谢某人”;invite sb. to...“邀请某人去……”。 答案:inviting

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3.(2011· 杭州)—Are you satisfied with the result of the exam?

—Not at all. I can't have________.
A.a worse one C.the worst one B.a better one D.the best one

解析: 由“ Not at all” 可知是对结果不满意,形容词比较级与不定冠词连用表示 “更……的一次/一个……”,worse“更差的”符合句意。
答案:A 4.(2010· 温州)—Hi, Ella, which is the________street in your city? —High Street. Many people go shopping there. A.busier C.busiest B.quieter D.quietest

解析:由答语“许多人在那里购物”可知问句是询问“哪条街最繁忙”,故选C。
答案:C

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?词汇拓展 1.hate (v.)→love(v.反义词)喜爱 2.borrow(v.)→lend(v.反义词)借出→keep(v.同义词)借;保留 3. comfortable(adj.)→comfort(n.)安慰 4.easy(adj.)→easily(adv.)容易地 5. without(prep.)→with(prep.反义词)用;随着 6.farthest(adj.&adv.)→far(原级)远的 7.northern(adj.)→north(n.)北方

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?重点短语 1.do the dishes 洗餐具 2.sweep the floor 清扫地板 3.take out 取出 4.make one's/the bed 整理床铺 5. work on 从事;忙于 6.do chores 处理琐事;干家务 7.take care of 照看;照顾 8. close to 靠近

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?金牌句型 1.Could you please clean your room? 请打扫一下你的房间好吗? 2.I don't like doing the dishes because it's boring.我不喜欢洗餐具,因为太无聊了。 3.Sanya is in Hainan Province in southern China.三亚地处中国南部的海南省。 4.I think hens are one of the most useful animals. 我认为母鸡是最

有用的动物之一。

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1.enough adj.充足的;足够的 (1)enough 作形容词时意为“足够的,充分的”,在句中可作表语和定语。作定语时, 可以放在所修饰名词的前面或后面。 I have enough money /money enough to buy a bicycle. 我有足够的钱买一辆自行车。 (2)enough 作副词时意为“足够地”,可修饰形容词和副词的原级,在修饰它们时要把 enough 放在所修饰词的后面。 The book is easy enough to read. 这本书很容易,完全可以读。

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We have enough time for the work. 我们有充足的时间完成任务。 I think his picture is beautiful enough, but he said he didn't draw it carefully enough. 我觉得他的画够美的了,但他说他画得不够细致。 The room isn't ________ to hold so many people. A. big enough B.enough big C.small enough D.enough small

答案:A

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2.take care of 照看;照料 take care of 是动词词组,与 look after 是同义词组。 Could you please help me take care of the boy? =Could you please help me look after the boy? 请你帮我照顾一下这个男孩子好吗? take 的常用短语

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He opened his schoolbag and ________ a notebook. A.took off B.took out C.took after D .took place

答案:B

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3.(not)at all 丝毫(也不);一点(也不);根本(不) (1)not...at all“根本不,一点也不”,表示完全否定,at all 一般用于句末。 (2)not at all=that's all right =it doesn't matter= never mind“没关系; 不要紧”。 常用于回 答道歉或 Would you mind doing sth.?句式。 —Would you mind moving a little to let me go? 你是否介意稍微动一下让我过去? —No, not at all.没问题(一点也不介意)。 【拓展】in all“一共,总计”。 (完成句子) 她根本不知道这件事。 She doesn't know it at all.

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1.Could you please clean your room? 请打扫一下你的房间好吗? (1)could 在此并不是情态动词 can 的过去式,在本句中“Could you do...?”表示请求帮 助或请求允许, 用以表示礼貌、 委婉或不确定的语气, 而 can 则不具备这些语气。 此外, could 在这里

已没有时态的概念。 Could you help me with the box? 你能帮我拿一下这个箱子吗? Could you tell me the way to the hospital? 你能告诉我去医院的路怎么走吗? (2)对“Could you/I...?” 问句的肯定回答常用“Sure./OK./All right./Certainly./Of course.”, 其否定回答常用“ Sorry.../Oh,please don't./Sorry, I'm afraid I can't.”,一般不用“No”开头,用 “No”显得态度很生硬,不礼貌。 —Could you please open the door?请你打开门好吗? —Sure.当然可以。

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—Could I smoke here? —________.Some children are here. A.Sure B.Oh,please don't C.All right D.No,you couldn't

答案:B

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2.I hate to do chores.我讨厌做家务。 句中 hate 作动词,表示“不喜欢,讨厌,恨(没有进行时)”,hate 后可接 to do,也可接 doing,意义无大差别,只是 to do 更多表示具体的一次性的动作,而 doing 多表示习惯性的、 经常的、一般的动作,与 like to do 或 doing 的用法相同。 I hate travelling by taxi.我讨厌乘出租车旅行。 He hates to trouble the police.他不想去麻烦警察。 (完成句子) 汤姆不喜欢夜间外出。 Tom hates going out at night.

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3.The most popular clothing store is Jason's. 最受欢迎的店是贾森的服装店。 (1)本句是形容词的最高级。形容词的最高级用于表示三者或三者以上 (人或物)的比较 中, 其中有一个在某方面超过其他人或物。 最高级的前面一般要加定冠词 the, 后面可带 of/in 短语来说明比较的范围。 It's the most expensive car in the world. 这是世界上最昂贵的汽车。 (2)Jason's 是名词所有格,在这儿表示“店铺”。当名词所有格修饰的名词是商店、诊 所、家时,名词所有格后面的名词通常省略。 They had a dinner at the Brown's last night. 昨晚他们在布朗家吃的晚饭。 (改为同义句) Mary is taller than any other student in her class. Mary is the tallest in her class.

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4.Sanya is in Hainan Province in southern China. 三亚地处中国南部的海南省。 (1)句中 be 可替换为 lie,表示“位于”。

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? (2)be ?on the ? ?to

?in

? ?west ?south ? ?north
east

of+地点,在某地的??(方位)

(in 境内;on 接壤;to 不接壤)

说明:B is in the east of A. C is on the east of A. D is to the east of A. (简记:包含用 in,相切用 on,相离用 to。) China lies in the east of Asia and on the south of Mongol

ia. 中国地处亚洲东部,北邻蒙古。 Australia is to the south of the equator. 澳大利亚位于赤道之南。

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People ________ the southwest of China were in great need of water a couple of months ago. A.in B.at C.to D.on

答案:A

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1.lend,borrow 与 keep 单词 意义 用法 短语 借给; 对于主语来说是“借 lend sb.sth.=lend sth.to sb.把 lend 借出 出” 某物借给某人 borrow...from... 借入; 对于主语来说是“借 borrow 从??借来?? 借用 入” 保留; 表示“借了”一段时 与表示一段时间的时间状语 keep 保存 间 连用 I often borrow books from the library and I'm allowed to keep them for two weeks. The librarian tells me not to lend them to others.我经常从图书馆借书, 并且我被允许借两周的时间。 图书管理员告诉我不要把书借给别人。 (用 borrow/lend/keep 填空) —Jim,can I borrow your car? —Sorry,I lent it to Steven just now. —How long will he keep it? —Two days.

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2.however,but 与 yet however,but 和 yet 都表示转折, however 表示在前面所述的事情外另加一件事情,两 者有相对的意思,并用逗号隔开;but 表示与前面所述事情或事实相反;yet 比 but 表达转折 的语气更强,即无论让步到什么程度,所预期的结果仍不出现。 I would like to go,but I can't.我想去,但是不能去。 I'd like to go with you, however, my hands are full. 我很想和你一起去,可是我忙不过来。 He worked hard, yet he failed. 他工作努力,可是没有成功。 Little Helen is very young,________she knows a lot of things. A. but B. yet C.so D. however

答案:A

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一、单项填空
1.Please________the bed as fast as you can. A.make B.take C.have D.do 解析:make the bed“整理床铺”,固定搭配。 答案:A 2.This bike is not ________for me to buy. A.expensive enough B.enough expensive

C.cheap enough

D.enough cheap

解析:考查enough用法。enough修饰形容词或副词要放在形容词或副词之后,又由句 意可知选C项。 答案:C
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3.Don't forget ________the trash when you go out. A.to take out C.taking out B.taking off D.to take off

解析:考查短语辨析。take out“

带出”;take off“脱下,起飞”。forget to do sth.“忘记 做某事”;forget doing sth.“忘记做过某事”。由句意可知选A项。 答案:A 4.Tom is ________ of the three. A.the funnier C.the funniest B.funniest D.the most funny

解析:由of the three可知此处用形容词最高级形式,funny的最高级是funniest,且前 面加the。 答案:C
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5.Could you please ________the window? It's very cold outside. A.not to open B.not open

C.don't open

D.to not open

解析:Could you please not do sth.?“请你不要做某事好吗?”固定句式,故选B项。 答案:B

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二、用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每空限填一词。 lucky environment realize angry believe hobby 1.It started to rain during the trip. Luckily , I brought my umbrella. 2.Mary stayed out too late last night. That made her mother very angry. 3.We should do our best to protect the environment. 4.Can you believe it? I went to Disneyland and met Jackie Chan! 5.Her hobbies are dancing, collecting stamps and playing the piano. 6.Today, more and more people begin to realize the importance of saving water.

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Ⅰ.单项填空(15分) 1.He hates ________ by air, though it is fast.

A.traveling
C.travel

B.travels
D.traveled

解析:hate doing sth.“讨厌做某事”,表示习惯性的、经常性的动作。 答案:A 2.—Could I ________ some money from you? I want to buy a dictionary. —Certainly! Here you are. A.borrow B.lend C.keep D.buy 解析: 考查动词词义辨析。 borrow“ 借入,借用”; lend“ 借出”; keep“ 保持”; buy“购买”。由句意可知应选A项。 答案:A
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3.(2012· 杭州市学军中学模拟)There ________ a football match this Sunday evening. A.are going to be C.is going to have B.is going to be D.will have

解析:there be的将来时态为there will be或there be going to be两种,there be形式不与 have连用,故选B项。

答案:B
4.We are very proud that Qingdao is one of ________ in China. A.the liveliest city C.liveliest city B.the liveliest cities D.liveliest cities

解析: 考查形容词最高级形式。“ one of + the +形容词最高级+名词复数”表示 “最……之一”。 答案:B
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5.Hong Kong is ________ the south of China, and Macao is ________ the west of Hong Kong. A.in; in B.to; to C.to; in D.in; to

解析:考查表示方位时in,on,to的用法。in指在境内,on接壤,to不接壤。故选D项。 答案:D 6.—Who would you like to ________ to your birthday —My best friends and relatives. party?

A.travel

B.invite

C.build

D.feed

解析:travel“旅行”;invite“邀请”;build“建造”;feed“喂养”。由句意可知选B项。 答案:B

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7.Many people think that the price of houses is not ______ for them to afford. A.high enough C.low enough B.enough high D.enough low

解析:enough修饰形容词、副词时需后置。句意为“很多人认为现在房价不够低,他 们无力承担”。 答案:C 8.—What are you going to be when you ________?

—I'm not sure yet.
A.pick up C.look up B.cut up D.grow up

解析:pick up“捡起”;cut up“切碎”;look up“查阅”;grow up“长大”。由句意可 知选D项。
答案:D
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9.I don't like chocolate ________, so I never eat it.

A.at all
C.at last

B.at first
D.at once

解析:not... at all“根本不;一点也不”。

答案:A
10.(2012· 台州初级中学联考)—Which subject do you like ________ at school, Chinese, math or English? —None. In fact, I like music best. A.good B.well C.better D.best

解析:三者或三者以上作比较时用最高级形式。 答案:D
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Ⅱ.完形填空(30 分) The following true story moved me deeply. I can't forget it even many years have passed. Thirty years ago, I got to know a 1 lady named Rose. She had no kids and lived alone. I was working in a cafe at that time. 2 I went to visit her, I always took Rose coffee and food. One day she invited me to have 3 . We walked from my work place to a little cafe on David Street. 4 the way, I began to worry: I knew that she had no money, but if I offered to 5 the lunch, I'm afraid I would hurt her. There were many people in the 6 , and all of them were happy, even the workers. Rose told me to sit and drink coffee by the window. Then she went to 7 in the kitchen. After about 20 minutes, she came out and sat with me. She just paid for one meal and we started to 8 the delicious food together. She told 9 that the cafe let people work for a meal if they had no money, or would give them a free meal if they were not able to work. To my surprise, she also explained that the workers 10 were working there were all volunteers. I 11 remember the beautiful afternoon I shared with Rose. 12 we ha

d a meal together only once, it was paid by Rose's work. The weather was 13 and bright, and everyone's smile was warm and bright as well. Sometimes, life could be not easy to us, but we could still do 14 for our friends and neighbors. The world would be 15 if everybody would like to share happiness with others. It would be never dark if there was a light in everyone's heart. [ 主旨大意]

smile was warm and bright as well.”可知天气是晴朗和温 暖的。 答案:D

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(

)14.A.something C.nothing

B.anything D.everything

解析:句意为“有时,生活对我们来说不容易,但我们仍然可以为我们的朋友和邻居 做些事”判断用肯定的不定代词something。 答案:A ( )15.A.colder B.nicer

C.harder

D.worse

解析:句意为“如果我们愿意与别人分享快乐,世界将会变得更美好”。 答案:B

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Ⅲ.任务型阅读(10分) A~F是一些电视节目频道,请根据1~5人物的相关信息,在A~F中找出相匹配的节 目频道。 ( )1.Angle is very interested in law and she enjoys law programs on TV.

答案:F ( )2.Rebecca enjoys watching English news on TV every day.

答案:B ( )3.Robert is a football fan and he enjoys watching football matches and sports news on TV. 答案:A ( )4.Lynn is very good at singing and performing. She often watches art and music shows on TV. 答案:C

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( )5.Li Ming is from Guangdong but he works in Beijing. He enjoys watching news about Guangdong every day. 答案:E

A. CCTV 5 offers sports news and matches home and abroad. It is a very good channel for sports lovers. B. CCTV 9 offers different kinds of English programs all the day. News in English and English Speech Competitions are shown on this channel. C. On Channel CCTV 3, you can enjoy different kinds of art and music shows. D. CCTV 6 is a movie channel. You can enjoy movies home and abroad 24 hours a day on this channel. E. Guangdong TV mainly offers news about Guangdong Province. People from Guangdong would like to watch it to know what has happened in their hometown. F. At 12:35 every day, you can watch reports about law on CCTV 1. Law experts(专家) are invited to join the program to give their opinions on law problems.
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Ⅳ.词汇运用(20 分) (A)根据下列句子及所给的汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式,每空只写一词。 1.Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao are both good leaders (领导者). They are supported strongly by Chinese people. 2.Screen City has the most comfortable (舒适的) seats. So many people like to go there to see films. 3.There are many kinds of fish in the sea (海). 4.Why not invite (邀请) him to go with us? 5.He wants to be a performer (演员) when he grows up. 6.The old are taken (照顾)good care of in our country. 7.Did you do chores (杂务)last night? 8.I don't have enough (足够的) money to buy the car. 9.Johnson won fir

st prize in the match because he jumped farthest (最远). 10.Do you know the quality (质量)of the coat?

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(B)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。 environment realize angry believe hobby 1.Mary stayed out too late last night. That made her mother very angry. 2.We should do our best to protect the environment. 3.Can you believe it? I went to Disneyland and met Jackie Chan! 4.Her hobbies are dancing, collecting stamps and playing the piano. 5.Today, more and more people begin to realize the importance of saving water.

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Ⅴ.书面表达(25 分) (2012· 台州初级中学模拟 )(一 )以下是某学生寝室的两条 公约,请发挥你的想象力,为它再补充三条内容合理、表达 正确的寝室公约。
Dormitory Rules
1. Get up and go to bed on time. 2. Don’t play with fire in the

dormitory.
3. Fold the quilts every day. 4. No talking after going to bed. 5. Keep the dormitory clean and tidy.

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(二)假如你是 Nancy,明天你们一家要出国旅游,三个星期以后才能回来。你的小狗和 小鸟,还有花草想要让 Lily 照顾。请你给 Lily 发个邮件,希望她能给予帮助。 要求: 1.说明意图要点; 2.80 词左右; 3.注意格式。

参考范文: Dear Lily, My father will take my family to other countries to have a trip. Please feed my dog and birds every day. The dog food is in the kitchen and the bird food is next to the dog food. Please water the flowers twice a week. And could you please throw the trash away on Mondays?The dustman will come for it then. And on Tuesdays please help me check my mailbox. Thank you very much for taking care of my house when I'm not at home. I'll take some photos there and I'll see you in three weeks. When I come back,I will give you some. Thank you again for your help. Yours, Nancy

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