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中考英语第一轮复习课件教材梳理 人教新目标八年级上Units3和4

发布时间:2014-02-15 18:30:06  

2013年浙江中考第一轮复习

英 语

八年级(上) Units 3~4

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1.(2012· 台州)—__________do you go to a movie, Jack?

—Twice a month.
A.How soon C.How often B.How far D.How long

解析:考查特殊疑问句。根据下文的答语“Twice a month.”可知是对“频率”进行 提问,故选C。
答案:C 2.(2012· 宁波)Tom and Jerry r__________ their bikes to Uncle Ma's Farm twice a month. 解析:ride a bike“骑自行车”,由时间状语twice a month知用一般现在时,且主语 Tom and Jerry是复数,所以用动词原形ride。 答案:ride
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3.(2011· 义乌)—Do you have any plans for your summer holiday?

—Yes. My parents and I ________ to visit Disneyland in Hong Kong.
A.went C.are going B.go D.were going

解析:由句意知谈论的是未来的计划,故用一般将来时。
答案:C 4.(2010· 绍兴)—I always take a walk after supper. —Do you? It's really a healthy ________. A.rule C.custom B.habit D.match

解析: rule“ 规则”; habit“ 习惯”; custom“ 风俗”; match“ 比赛”。后句句意为 “晚饭后散步是个好习惯”。故选B。 答案:B

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5.(2010· 宁波)—Hurry up! The bus is coming. —Wait a minute. Don't cross the street ________ the traffic lights are green. A.until B.after C.while D.since

解析:答语句意为“等一会。直到绿灯亮了才能过马路”。not ... until“直到…… 才”,故选A。
答案:A

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?词汇拓展 1.fishing(n.)→ fish(n.)鱼 2.famous(adj.)→ wellknown(adj.同义词)有名的 3.nature(n.)→natural(adj.)自然的 4.finish(v.)→ complete(v.同义词)完成 5.tourist(n.)→tour(v.)旅行 6.quick(adj.)→quickly(adv.)快地 7.illness(n.)→ill(adj.)生病的 8. worry(n.)→ worried(adj.)担心的

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?重点短语 1. go camping 野营 2.how long 多久;多长时间 3.take a vacation 去度假 4.take the subway 乘地铁 5.how far 多远 6.depend on 视??而定;决定于 7. worry about 担心

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?金牌句型 1.What are you doing for vacation? 你假期打算干什么? 2.This time I want to do s

omething different. 这次我想做些与众不同的事情。 3.How do you get to school? 你如何去学校的? 4.How far is it from his home to school? 从他家到学校有多远? 5.A small number of students take the subway.少数学生乘坐地铁。

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1.decide v.决心;决定 (1)decide 用作及物动词,后常跟动词不定式作宾语。 We decided to go to Xi'an next year.我们决定明年去西安。 (2)decide 后面可跟“特殊疑问词+动词不定式”构成的短语。 I can't decide what to do.我不能决定做什么。 (3)decide 用作不及物动词时,意为“决定,判定”,常用于 decide on sth.短语中,表示 从几个人或事物中“选用,选定”一个。 (完成句子) ①他们决定周日去放风筝。 They decide to fly kites on Sunday. ②贝蒂选定了那条红色的短裙。 Betty decided on the red skirt.

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2.hundred num.一百 (1)hundred 前面有具体数字修饰时,其后不能加 “s”,也不能跟 of 短语;前面没有具体 数字修饰时,其后加 “s”,且跟 of 短语。 (2)与 hundred 用法相同的词还有 thousand,million,billion 等。 The old house is about two hundred years old. 这座老房子大约二百年了。 There are hundreds of students in our school. 我们学校有好几百个学生。

①There are hundreds(hundred)of people dancing at the square after supper. ②There're about__________teachers and students in the school. A.four thousands B.five thousand C.six thousand of D.three thousands of

答案:B

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3.take v.花费(时间) (1)花费(时间)(可与 spend 替换) 其固定句型是 It takes(took/will take)sb.some time+to do sth.意为“做某事花费某人多长 时间”。 It took her 15 minutes to clean her room yesterday. =She spent 15 minutes cleaning her room yesterday. 她昨天用 15 分钟的时间打扫了她的房间。 (2)乘坐 You can take a bus to the bank.你可以乘公交车去银行。 (3)拿走,带走(对应 bring 拿来) Jane took the radio to school but didn't bring it back. 珍妮把收音机带去了学校,却没有拿回来。 (4)take sb. to sp.表示“送(带领)某人去某地” I'll take you to your classroom. 我会带你去你的教室。 (5)吃,服(药) Take this medicine three times a day.每日三次服药。
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How long __________ it __________ you to work out such a difficult problem?

—About thirty minutes. A. did;took B.does;take C.did;cost D.does;cost

答案:B

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4.how long 多久;多长时间 是对一段时间的提问,它的答语用“for+时间段”或“since+从句”等。 —How long are you staying in Beijing? 你打算在北京待多久? —For five days.五天。 —How long have you studied English? 你学英语多长时间了? —Since I was ten years old.自我十岁大时。 —__________have you been away from your hometown? —Since 5 years ago. A. How many B. How long C. How much D . How often

答案:B

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1.This time I want to do something different. 这次我想做些与众不同的事情。 (1)something 为不定代词,形容词修饰不定代词时,形容词要放在不定代词的后面。 I have something important to tell you. 我有重要的事情要告诉你。 (2)相同类型的词还有 somebody,sometime,something,somewhere, someone, anything, anyone 以及 everything 和 nothing 等。这些词的共同点是当它们作主语时,谓语动词用第三 人称单数。 Is there __________ in today's newspaper? A.anything important B.important anything C.something important D.nothing important

答案:A

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2.a small number of students 少数学生 (1)a number of 表示“一些”,后面常跟可数名词。表示数量的多和少时,则用 large 和 small 修饰 number。作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 A small number of Chinese people eat sandwich as breakfast. 少数中国人早餐吃三明治。 (2)the number of 意为“??的数量”,后面也跟可数名词的复数。该词组作主语时, 其谓语动词用单数形式。 The number of the students is 54. 学生的数量是 54。

A large number of clothes are on sale in our shop. 本店大量服装减价销售。 —What's the news about? —____________ entertainment stars gathered to attract donation for homeless people. A. A member of B. A kind of C. A packet of D. A number of

答案:D
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forget to do 与 forget doing (1)forget to do sth.表示“忘记做某事”,此事应该去做而没有做或还没做。 Don't forget to close the door.别忘了关上门。 (2)forget doing sth.表示“忘记曾经做过某事”,强调的是忘记了已经做过的事情。 I forgot telling her about it.我忘记曾把这事情告诉过她了。

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Don't forget__________the light

s when you leave the classroom. A.turning off B.turning on C.to turn off D.to turn on
答案:C

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一、单项填空
1.—Would you like to go out for a walk with me? —Not __________ I finish my dinner. A.as B.when C.after D.until 解析:考查连词用法。not as/so...as...“不如”;when“当……时”;after“在……之后”; not until“直到”,用于强调某事在某个具体的时刻或者另一件事发生以前没有发生。 由句意知选D项。 答案:D 2.There's __________ wrong with the camera. Look! It works A.something B.nothing C.everything D.anything well.

解析:考查不定代词用法。由后句“It works well.”可知应选nothing。 答案:B
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3.Don't forget to __________ an umbrella __________ you.It's going to rain. A.take;to B.take;with C.bring;to D.bring;with 解析:take“带走”;bring“带来”;take...with...表示随身携带,take sth. to sb.“把某物 带给某人”。根据句意知选B。 答案:B

4 . __________the teachers in their school is about 200 and one fourth of them are__________teachers.
A.A number of;women C.The number of;women B.A number of;woman D.The number of;woman

解析: 考查短语辨析。 a number of“ 许多;大量”, the number of“…… 的数量”; woman作定语的名词变复数时,woman也要变成相应的复数women,故选C项。 答案:C
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5.I didn't go to bed until I finished __________ my homework. A.to do B.doing C.did D.do 解析:finish doing sth.“完成做某事”,固定用法。故选B。 答案:B

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二、用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。 final dance cook tour northern 1.They want to cook real English food. 2.The girls like dancing very much. They practice dancing every day. 3.Beijing is in the north of China. 4.Many tourists go to Europe for vacation. 5.Finally, they decide to ask the policeman for help.

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Ⅰ.单项填空(15分) 1.This time I want to do ________. A.something different C.different anything B.different something D.anything different

解析:考

查不定代词用法。something常用于肯定句中,anything常用于否定句和疑 问句中,且形容词修饰不定代词时要放在不定代词之后,故选A项。

答案:A
2.(2012· 台州初级中学模拟)Don't ________ other people. Believe yourself and do it by yourself. A.depend on C.worry about B.think of D.depend

解析:考查短语辨析。depend on“依靠”;think of“认为”;worry about“担心”; depend“依靠”,多与on搭配使用。由后句句意可知应选A项。

答案:A

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3.—________does it take to walk to the supermarket?
—Ten minutes. A.How many C.How long B.How far D.How

解析:how many“多少”;how far“多远”;how long“多长距离或时间”;how“怎 样”。由答句Ten minutes.可知询问时间长短,故选C项。 答案:C 4.My father ________ the park at seven o'clock. A.leaves for C.leaves to B.leave for D.leave to

解析: 考查动词短语用法及主谓一致。 leave for 表示离开此地去往某地,又由 my father为第三人称单数可知谓语动词也应使用第三人称单数,故选A项。 答案:A
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5.May I have a talk with you, sir? I've got ________ important to tell you.
A.nothing C.something B.anything D.everything

解析:考查不定代词用法。nothing“没有什么,没有东西”;anything“任何东西, 任何事情”,常用于否定句和疑问句中; something“某事,某物”,常用于肯定句 中;everything“每件事,一切事”。由句意可知应选C项。 答案:C 6.—________ the weather like last Monday? —It was sunny. A.How was C.What was B.What's D.How is

解析:What's the weather like?或How is the weather?为询问天气时常用句式,又 由句中的last Monday可知用一般过去时,故选C项。
答案:C
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7.—It's a fine day today. How about ________? —Sounds great! A.go hiking C.going hiking B.go to hike D.to go to hike

解析:how about表示征询意见,意为“……怎么样”,about为介词,后跟动词时 应用ing形式;go hiking“去远足”。

答案:C
8.Please stop ________ a rest if you feel tired. A.to have B.having C.have D.has

解析:stop to do sth.“停下来去做某事”;stop doing sth.“停止做某事”。由句意可 知选A。
答案:A

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9.(2012· 杭州市第二中学联考)The number of teachers in our school ________ greatly increased last term. A number of teachers in

this school ________ from the countryside. A.was; is B.was; are

C.were; are

D.were; is

解析:the number of“……的数量”,后跟名词复数,谓语动词用单数;a number of“许多,大量”,后跟名词复数,谓语动词用复数。故选B项。 答案:B 10.The theme park is about ________ ride from the museum. You should start out right now. A.two hour B.two hour's

C.two hours'

D.two hours

解析:考查名词所有格。以s结尾的复数名词只在词后加“'”。 答案:C

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Ⅱ.完形填空(30 分) Life in the twentyfirst century will be very 1 . Many changes will take place, but 2 will the changes be. The population is growing 3 . There will be many 4 in the world and most of them will live 5 than people in the twentieth century. Computers will be much smaller and 6 and there will be at least one in every 7 . And 8 studies will be one of the important subjects in school then. People will work 9 and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and travelling. 10 will be much easier and cheaper. And many more people will go to 11 countries for holidays. There will be changes in our 12 , too. Maybe no one will eat meat every day, instead, they eat more fruit and vegetables. Maybe people will be 13 . Work in the future will be different, too. 14 and hard work can be done by robots. Because of this, 15 will not have enough work to do. This will be a problem. [ 主旨大意]

B.factory D.town

解析:根据句意“在每个家庭中至少有一台电脑”可知选C。

答案:C
( )8.A. science C.English B.math D.computer

解析:这一小节讲的都是电脑,故应是电脑学习。 答案:D

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(

)9.A. fewer hours

B.more hours C.eight hours D.more than eight hours 解析:根据下文得知人们将有更多的时间用来娱乐,所以应是工作时间减少了,故 选fewer hours。 答案:A

(

)10.A. Seeing doctors
C.Shopping

B.Going to the cinema
D.Travelling

解析:根据下文的for holidays可知这里说的是旅行。 答案:D

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(

)11.A. rich

B.other

C.poor

D.small

解析:由于条件好了,更多的人能够去其他国家旅游了,故选other。 答案:B

(

)12.A. food
C.fruit

B.clothes
D.drinks

解析:根据下句得知,这里讲的是饮食变化。 答案:A ( )13.A. fatter C.healthier B.thinner D.more pleased

解析:由于饮食习惯发生变化,人们将更加健康。 答案:C

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(

)14.A. Safe C.Simple

B.Easy D.Dangerous

解析:和hard并列的词应是dangerous,表示困难和危险的工作由机器人来做。

答案:D
( )15.A. a few people C.many people B.all the people D.some people

解析:因为很多工作是由机器人来完成,那么许多人也就面临着失业的危险。 答案:C

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Ⅲ.任务型阅读(10 分) “低碳生活,从我做起!”请仔细阅读下列材料,找出以下五种“低碳”行为产生的直 接效应。 A.Saving Electric Energy B.Protecting Forests C.Saving Water D.Protecting Animals E.Producing Less Air Pollution

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(

)1.Henry often recycles water to clean his room and water the flowers.

答案:C ( )2.Daphne always turns off the lights and the computer as soon as she leaves her office. 答案:A ( )3.Mr.White sometimes goes to work by bus or on foot instead of driving his car.

答案:E

( )4.Li Lei usually uses QQ or emails to communicate with his friends instead of paper letters.
答案:B ( )5.Miss Zhang never wears fur(皮草) clothes and she decides to eat less meat.

答案:D

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Ⅳ.词汇运用(25 分) (A)根据所给的首字母或中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式,每空限填一词。 1.There are sixty minut

es in an hour. 2.Hangzhou is famous for the West Lake. 3.There are many tourists(旅游者)in Shanghai every year. 4.My grandparents like to live in the countryside(乡下),because the air there is fresh. 5.My father usually takes the subway(地铁) to work.

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(B)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。 get ride they leave do look you rain talk wash

1.I'm going bike riding with my friends. 2.How long does it take to get to school? 3.Some students go to school by bike; some of them by bus. 4.When it rains, I take a taxi. 5.The Blacks are leaving for Beijing in a few days. 6.My parents are both fine. How about yours? 7.They will finish talking in ten minutes. 8.It's necessary for me to wash my clothes. 9.They don't know the way. They need to look at a map. 10.Doing morning exercises is good for us.

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(C)根据短文内容和中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式,每空限填一词。 Dear Miss Wang, Teachers' Day is 1 (来临). I want to say “Thank you” for your 2 (教育). You 3 (总是) work hard. You are very 4 (和蔼) and also strict with 5 (我们). You 6 (尽力) to make your classes lively and 7 (有趣的). You tell us funny 8 (故 事), teach us English songs, and play 9 (游戏) with us. We are all interested in English. All of us work hard at English and have made great progress. We all 10 (爱) you. Thank you for making English fun. Happy Teachers' Day! 1.coming 2.teaching 3.always 4.kind 5.us 6.try 7.interesting 8.stories 9.games 10.love

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Ⅴ.书面表达(20 分) 如今,中学生的假期生活发生了很大变化。假定你是李明,美国的笔友 Lisa 想了解中 国学生现在的假期生活,请写封回信。 要点: · 学习和休闲仍然重要; · 帮忙做家务或干农活; · 参加社会活动,做志愿者工作,帮助他人。 注意: 1.词数 80~100; 2.请结合实际增加细节,适当发挥; 3.信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:volunteer 志愿者

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参考范文: Dear Lisa, I'm glad to have received your letter. Our holiday life has changed a lot. Learning and relaxing are still very important to us. Besides, we often help our parents do housework or farm work. Through that, we realize how hard our parents work every day. And we can make a habit of laboring at the same time. Also, we take an active part in social activities as volunteers. Sometimes, we go to the streets to collect rubbish or go to th

e hospitals to cheer up the sick children. We try our best to help people in need and make our hometown more beautiful. We find great pleasure in all these activities. Best wishes! Yours, Li Ming

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