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2013版九年级英语 专题1-7同步复习课件 人教新目标版

发布时间:2014-02-17 18:10:01  

专题复习一 专题复习二 专题复习三 专题复习四 专题复习五 专题复习六 专题复习七

——情态动词 ——被动语态 ——定语从句 ——宾语从句 ——现在完成时 ——过去完成时 ——倒装句

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
● 重点解读
一、情态动词的一般用法 表示说话人的语气、情态,后跟动词原形,不能独立做谓语,无人 称和数的变化。 情态动词有:can (could), may (might), must, need, shall (should), will (would)。这里主要讲解以下几点:

1.can (could) 表示“说话人能够, 可以, 同意, 准许, 以及
客观条件许可”, could 为 can 的过去式。如: Can I use your bike?我可以使用你的自行车吗?

Could you help me?你能帮助我吗?
注意: can 和could 只能用于现在和过去两种时态, 将来时态用 be able to 来表示。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
2.may (might) 意为“可以”, 表示说话人同意、许可

或请求对方许可。如:
May I use your pen? 我可以用你的钢笔吗? You may put on more clothes.

你可以多穿衣服。
might 是may 的过去式, 有两种用法, 一种表示过去式, 一种表示虚拟语气, 使语气更加委婉、客气或对可能性的怀疑。

如:
Might I borrow some money now? 我可以借点钱吗? He might be alive. 他可能还活着。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
3.must 意为“必须, 应该, 一定, 准是”,表示说话人认为有必 要做某事。must 用在一般现在时和一般将来时中,过去时中可用 have to 的过去式代替。如: I must finish my work today.我今天必须完成我的工作。 You mustn't work all the time.你不能老是工作。 注意: 在回答由must 引起的问题时,肯定回答用must,否定回答用 needn't或don't / doesn't have to。如: —Must I go home now? —No, you needn't./Yes, you must. 我必须现在回家吗?

不,你不必。/是的,你必须回家。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词

4.need 是一个情态动词, 表示 “需要、必须”。主要用于否定句和

疑问句中,否定形式为needn't,表示“没有必要、不必”,用need 提问时,
肯定回答为must,否定回答为 needn't。如: —Need we do some cleaning now?

—Yes, you must./No,you needn't.
我们现在需要打扫卫生吗? 是的,你们必须打扫。/不,你们没必要。

need 还可当做实义动词使用, 这时 need 结构为 need to do sth。
如:I need to learn more 我需要学习更多。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
二、情态动词表推测 情态动词中的must, can, could, may, might都可表推测。其中

must的可能性最大,can/could次之,may/might最小。
must的用法: (1)表示推测“可能性

”时,意思是“一定、准是”,语气较肯定,

较有把握。如:
He must be American.=It is certain that he is American. 他准是个美国人。

He must be at home now, for the light is on.
他现在一定在家,因为灯亮着。

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词

(2)must表推测只能用于肯定句。如果要表示“一定不、肯定不”的 意思时,应用can't。如: He must know my address. 他肯定知道我的地址。(一定) He can't know my address. 他肯定不知道我的地址。(一定不) (3)must表示推测时,可以推测正在发生的动作或过去发生的动作。 如:He must be at home now, for the light is on. 他现在一定在家,因为灯亮着。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词 ● 专项训练
单项填空 ( D )1.The yellow coat________be Linda's because nobody like yellow except her. A.can't C.mustn't B.can D.must

( B )2.—Must I________my camera, Lily? —No, you________. Don't worry.I'll take one myself. A.to take; mustn't B.take; needn't

C.to bring; needn't

D.bring; mustn't

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
( C )3.—Could you please come to the museum with me this

afternoon?
—Sorry, I ________.I have to take a piano lesson at 2 pm. A.couldn‘t B.mustn't

C.can‘t
A.mustn‘t

D.needn't

( A )4.You ________ smoke.You are only 14 and it isn't allowed. B.don't have to

C.needn‘t

D.won't

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词

( A )5.—Shall I tell John about it?
—No, you ________.I told him just now. A.needn‘t B.can't

C.mustn‘t

D.shouldn't

( A )6.—Listen! Is it Linda singing in the next room? —No, it ________ be her.She is still in Shanghai. A.can‘t C.may not B.couldn't D.might not

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习一 ┃ 情态动词
( C )7.—Dad,must I do my homework now? —No.You________play games with your friends for a little while.

A.would
C.may

B.needn't
D.must

( C )8.Teachers don't think students need do so much homework,

but they _______ make students do a lot in the past.
A.have to C.had to B.must D.should

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态
● 重点解读
一、被动语态的构成和形式 1.构成: 助动词be+及物动词的 过去分词 。助动词be随着主语 的人称,数,时态和语气的不同而变化。 2.形式: 常见的被动语态形式如下(以teach为例):

(1)一般现在时: am/ is/ are+taught
(2)一般过去时: ______ was/were __+taught (3)一般将来时: will/ shall+__ __+taught be

(4)含有情态动词: 情态动词+be+taught

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态
二、主动语态变被动语态的方法

1.把主动语态的_____变为被动语态的主语; 宾语
2.把谓语变成被动结构 (

be+过去分词); 3.把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改

为宾格。如:
They make the bikes in the factory. →The bikes are made by them in the factory.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

三、被动语态的特殊用法
1.不知道或在没有必要指出动作的执行者时,“by+动作的执行者” 可以省略。如:

I won’t leave my office until my work is

finished.

2.不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语的主动语态改为被动语态时,不 定式前要加 _______ to 。如:

They watched the children dance that morning.
→ The children were watched to dance that morning.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

3.主动语态表被动含义 feel, look, appear, sound, taste, smell等由实义动词演变而 来的系动词,后接 形容词 (形容词 / 副词)作表语,主动语态表被动 含义。如: Tell me if you feel cold.你要是感到冷就告诉我。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态 ● 专项训练
Ⅰ.把下列主动句改为被动句 1.His mother told him not to waste time on surfing the Internet.

He was told not to waste time on surfing the Internet (by his mother). __________________________________________________________
2.Father gave me a toy at Christmas. ______________________________________________________ I was given a toy at Christmas (by my father). 3.This factory produces machine tools. ______________________________________________________ Machine tools are produced by this factory.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

4.They should do the work at once.

The work should be done at once (by them). _______________________________________________________
5.The parents named the child Li Ling.

The child was named Li Ling (by the parents). ________________________________________________________

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

Ⅱ.单项填空 ( D )1.When I got to his office, I ________ that he________ out.

A.told; had been
C.had told; was

B.was told; was
D.was told; had been

( B )2.The problem __________ last week is very important.

A.was discussed
C.being discussed

B.discussed
D. be discussed

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

( C )3.It is said that a new robot ________by him in a few days. A.designed C.will be designed B.has been designed D.will have been designed

( A )4.She will stop showing off if no notice________ of her.

A.is taken
C.will be taken

B.takes
D. has taken

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

( D )5.—Have you moved into the new flat?
—Not yet. The room________. A.has been painted B.is painted

C.paints
A.has been establish B.have been established C.have established D.had been established

D.is being painted

( B )6.A great number of colleges and univ

ersities ________since 1949.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

( B )7.I'll have to push the car to the side of the road because we
________if we leave it here. A.would be fined

B.will be fined
C.will being fined D.will have been fined ( C )8.You ought to have put the milk in the refrigerator; now ________sour. A.I smell C.it smells B.it is smelt D.it is smelling

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习二 ┃ 被动语态

( A )9.Drivers________to drink, or they will be dangerous.
A.shouldn't be allowed B.should be allowed

C.should allowed
D.shouldn't allowed ( D )10.The old should ________ by their children and be respected by the society. A.care for C.be cared B.cared for D.be cared for

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句
● 重点解读
在复合句中,修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或

代词叫先行词,定语从句一般放在先行词的(1)______ 后面 (前面/后面)。
引导定语从句的关系词有关系代词和关系副词,常见的关系代词包括 that, which, who(宾格whom,所有格whose)等,关系副词包括where,

when, why等。关系代词和关系副词一方面起连接作用,一方面起指代作
用,代替先行词在定语从句中担任句子成分。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句
一、关系代词的用法

1.that 既可以用于指人,也可以用于指(2)_______ 物 。在从句
中作主语或宾语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语则可省略。如: Rose likes music that is quiet and gentle.罗斯喜欢轻柔

的音乐。(that作主语)
The coat (that) I put on the desk is red.我放在桌子上的 那件外套是红色的。(that作宾语)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句

物 ,在从句中作主语或宾语,作(4)_______ 2.which用于指(3)______ 不 主语 可省略,作(5)_________ 宾语 可省略。如:

The building which stands near the train station is a
supermarket. 耸立在火车站附近的那座建筑是一家超市。(which 作主语) The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful.

我们昨晚看的那部电影非常棒。(which 作宾语)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句

3.who和whom用于指(6) _________ ,who 用作主语,whom用作 人
宾语 。在口语中,有时可用who代替whom,也可省略。如: (7)_________ The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.

经常帮助我英语的那个女孩来自英格兰。(who 作主语)
Who is the teacher (whom) Li Ming is talking to? 和李明谈话的那个老师是谁?(whom作宾语)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句

二、关系词只能用that的情况
1.先行词被序数词或形容词(8)___________ 所修饰,或本身是序 最高级 数词、基数词、形容词最高级时,只能用that,而

不能用which。如: He was the first person that passed the exam. 他是第一个通过考试的人。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句
2.先行词是all,any,much,many,everything,anything,none, the one等不定代词时,只能用that,而不能用which。如: Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? 你在商店 里有什么东西要买吗? 3.先行词被the only,the very,the same,the last,little, few 等词修饰时,只能用that,而不能用which。如: This is the same bike that I lost.

这就是我丢的那辆自行车。
4.先行词里同时含有人或物时,只能用that,而不能用which。如: I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in

the room.我能清楚记得我在那个房间所见到的人和一些照片。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习三 ┃ 定语从句 ● 专项训练
用适当的关系代词(that,which,who,whose)填空 who/that wears glasses? 1.Do you know the boy ____________

that 2.He is the first man ___________has been on the moon.
whose name is Lily is my friend. 3.The girl _______ that/which is beside the river? 4.Can you see the tree ___________ that I have eaten. 5.This is the nicest meal _________ which/that are kept in the cage are poor. 6.The animals ___________ that 7.You can find anything __________you like in this store.

that 8.The people and the ship ________ disappeared in the storm have
not been found yet.

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句
● 重点解读
置于动词、介词等词后面起宾语作用的从句叫宾语从句。 一、宾语从句的引导词 1.陈述句作宾语从句时,用that引导,且that可以 _______ 省略 。如: We knew (that) we should learn from each other.

2.一般疑问句作宾语从句时,用引导词_______ 或whether。如: if
Please tell me if/ whether you have been to America. 3.特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,用原句的 ________ (如:what, 疑问词

when, which, where等)引导。如:
Do you know what his name is?

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句
二、宾语从句的语序

陈述句变为宾语从句,语序不变。一般疑问句和特殊疑问句
变为宾语从句,语序要变为 ________ 陈述 语序。如: He is an honest boy. The teacher said.→ The teacher

said (that) he was an honest boy.
Does he work hard? I wonder.→ I wonder if/ whether he works hard.

When did he leave? I don't know.→ I don't know when
he left.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句

三、宾语从句的时态 1.如果主句是现在的时态,从句的时态可根据实际情况而定。如: I have heard(that)he will come back next week. 过去 2.如果主句是过去的某种时态,那么从句的时态一定要用_________ 的某种时态。如: He said(that)there were no classes y

esterday. 注意:如果宾语从句表述的是客观真理、自然现象等时,不管主句是 什么时态,从句都要用_____________ 一般现在时 。如: He said that light travels much faster than sound.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句 ● 专项训练
Ⅰ.把下列句子改成含有宾语从句的复合句 1.Mr Smith says,“Jim wasn't here yesterday.”

Jim wasn't here yesterday Mr Smith says _________________________________.
2.What does he mean? Do you know? Do you know ___________________________ ? what he means 3.Can they finish the work? I'm not sure.

if/ whether they can finish the work I'm not sure _____________________________________.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句

4.Where will they meet? They talked about.

where they would meet They talked about ___________________________.
5.Who has beaten Mike? We wanted to know.

who had beaten Mike We wanted to know _____________________________.

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句
Ⅱ.单项填空 ( A )1. I don't know________. A.how often he visits his grandparents B.how soon will he come back C.how many students are there in his class D.how long is the bridge ( A )2. I can't forget the time _________ the earthquake happened in Yushu. A.when C.that B.which D.where

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习四 ┃ 宾语从句

( B)3. —We can use QQ to communicate with each other online.

—Good.Will you please show me________.
A.which to use C.what to use —They say he is a doctor. A.whom B.what B.how to use it D.where to use it

( B )4. —We never know ________ he is.

C.which

D.where

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时
● 重点解读
现在完成时指过去发生并且已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结 果,过去某一时间开始并一直持续到现在的动作或状态。 1.构成方法: have / has+过去分词 (过去分词变化规则基本与过去式变化相同。特殊变化参看课本附录)

2.用法:
(1)表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响和结果,可以与just, already, yet, recently等时间状语连用。如:

I have seen the film already.我已经看过那部电影了。(现在我
知道电影的内容了)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时
(2)表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。

常与“since+时间点”/“for+时间段”/how long/(ever)
since/ever/before/so far/in the last(past) few years/up to now/till now等时间状语连用。如:

We've planted thousands of trees in the past few
years.过去几年我们种了成千上万棵树。 So far there has been no bad news.

到现在为止还没有什么坏消息。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时

3.延续性动词 在现在完成时态中,如果有

持续的时间,要把非延续性动词变 为延续性动词。如: I have had the book for two days. 这本书我已经买了两天了。(用had,而不用bought) I have been in Tokyo for two weeks. 我已经来东京两周了。(用been in,而不用come)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时 ● 专项训练
单项填空 ( B )1. Since he came here last year, we ________ happy. A.are C.had been hometown. A.have been B.were B.have been D.were

( A )2. In the past few years there ______ great changes in my

C.had been

D.are

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时
( C )3.—________ my dictionary?I can't find it anywhere.

—I________ it on the shelf when I came in.
A.Did you see; have seen B.Have you seen; have seen

C.Have you seen; saw
D.Did you see; saw ( D )4.The Green family________ London for nearly two years.

They all miss their hometown very much.
A.Left C.have left B.will leave D.have been away from

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时

( B )5. He ________ for three years.

A.has joined
B.has been in the army C.joined

D.has served the army
( C )6. It________ five years since he left for Beijing. A.was B.have been

C.is

D.is going to be

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习五 ┃ 现在完成时
( D )7.—Can you sing this English song?

—Of course, I can.It ________ many times on the radio.
A.taught C.is taught B.has taught D.has been taught

( B )8.Tom ________ the USA.He ________ back in two months.
A.has gone to; comes B.has gone to; will be

C.has been to; comes
D.has been to; will be

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时
● 重点解读
1.构成: had+动词的过去分词 2.用法 (1)表示过去的某一时刻以前已经发生的动作或存在的状态,也就是 “过去的过去”。如:

When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.警察到达
时,小偷们早就跑了。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时

(2)表示从过去某一时刻开始一直延续到另一过去时刻的动 作或状态。跟现在完成时一样,也常与 how long, for three days, before 等表示一段时间的状语连用。如: When Jack arrived he learned Mary had been away for almost an hour.当杰克到来时,他了解到玛丽已经离开差不多 一个小时了。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时

(3)表示未曾实现的希望或打算。表示希望或打算的动词,如hope, want, expect, think, suppose, plan, mean, intend等的过去完成时, 后接不定式to do时,表示未曾实现的希望或打算,即“本来希望或打算 做某事(但却没做) ”。如: I had intended to come over to see you last night,but someone called and I couldn't get away.昨晚我本想去看你的,但有 人来了我走不开。


语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时 ● 专项训练
单项填空 ( D )1. Tom was disappointed that most of the guests ________ when he ________ at the party. A.left; had arrived B.left; arrived

C.had left; had arrived
A.had learned

D.had left; arrived
B.have learned

( A )2.We ________ four thousand new words by the end of last year.

C.learned

D.will have learned

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时
( A )3.They asked me to have a drink with them.I said that it was

at least ten years since I ________ a good drink.
A.had enjoyed C.enjoyed my nose. A.think; lost B.thought; had lost B.was enjoying D.had been enjoying

( B )4.The pen I ________ I ________ is on my desk,right under

C.think; had lost

D.thought; have lost

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习六 ┃ 过去完成时
( C )5.Helen ________ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ________home. A.has left; comes C.had left; came B.left; had come D.had left; would come

( C )6.—How long did you work yesterday? —By six o'clock we ________ for Seven hours. A.have worked C.had worked B.has worked D.has been working

英语·新课标(RJ)

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句
● 重点解读
常考的倒装的几种情况: 1.There be 句型 There be 句型是一个典型的倒装句。它表示某处“有什么”,主语 是在be 动词后面的名词。如:

There is a river near our school.
我们学校附近有条河。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句

2.以so/neither/nor开头的句子,说明前面的内容也适用 于后者时,用倒装句“so/neither/nor+be/have/助动词/情态 动词+主语”。 He has been to Dalian, and so have I. 他去过大连,我也去过。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句

3.only在句首要倒装 “only+副词/介词短语”位于句首时引起部分倒装。如: Only in this way, can you learn English well. 只有用这个方法,你才能学好英语。 如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装。如: Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed. 只有当他病得很严重时,他才会待在床上。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句

4.here, there, now, then等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be,
come, go, lie, run等。如: Here comes the bus. 车来了。

注意:
这种倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则 不能完全倒装。如:

Here he comes. 他来了。
Here you are. 给你。

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句 ● 专项训练
单项填空 ( A )1. —I hear Yang Yan made an English speech at the graduation ceremony yesterday. —________, and ________.

A.So she did; so did I
B.So did she; so I did C.So she was; so I was

D.So was she; so I was


语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句
( B )2. —Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? —I don't know, ________. A.nor don't I care B.nor do I care C.I don't care neither D.I don't care also ( C )3. Not only ________ polluted but ________ crowded. A.was the city; were the streets B.the city was; were the streets C.was the city; the streets were D.the city was; the streets were

英语·新课标(RJ)

专题复习七 ┃ 倒装句
( B )4.—Li lei hasn't read this book. —________has Lin Feng.

A.So
C.Here

B.Neither
D.Either

( C )5. —Look, there ________ a truck full of apples around the

corner of the road.
—Oh, yeah, so many. A.came B.coming

C.comes

D.come

英语·新课标(RJ)


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