haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

八年级英语上册_形容词与副词的比较等级用法课件

发布时间:2013-09-25 08:02:05  

学习目标:通过学习,能够更好地掌握形容词 比较等级的用法。 重点:1.形容词比较级和最高级的构成。

2.形容词比较级和最高级的常用句型。
难点:形容词比较级和最高级的应用。

big

biggest

bigger

Let’s review

形容词比较级和最高级的构成 1、规则变化
构 成 方 法 一般在词尾加-er或-est 以字母e结尾的形容词, 加-r或 -st 原 级 比 较 级 最 高 级

cold large hot

colder larger hotter

coldest largest hottest

单音节 词和少 数多音 节词

重读闭音节且以一个辅 音字母结尾时,先双写 此辅音字母,再加-er或 -est 以“辅音字母+y”结 尾的双音节词,先把这 个 “y”改为“i”,再 加-er或-est

easy

easier

easiest

多音节 词和部 在词前加more或most 分双音 节词

tired

more tired

most tired
most interesting

more interesting interesting

2、不规则变化
原级 比较级

不规则变化, 要多加注意哦!
最高级

good bad many / much

better worse

more
less farther further

best worst most least farthest furthest

little far

双音节或多音节形容词的比较等级级的特殊情况:

1、一般是在原级前加more构成比较级,在原 级前加most构成最高级。 dangerous – more dangerous – most dangerous 2、某些单音节形容词,加more, most 构成比 较级和最高级 pleased – more pleased – most pleased glad – more glad – most glad tired – more tired – most tired 3、有些双音节和单音节形容词,既可以加-er 或-est构成比较级和最高级,也可以加more 和 most构成比较级和最高级。 friendly free true clever

4. 比较级前面可以用even(更加),much(…… 得多),far(……得多),a little(……一点),a bit(一点),a lot(大量),still(还,还要)等词 语表示不定程度或数量。
1)This pen is much better than that one. 2)This book is far more interesting than that one.

5.在原级前面通常使用very, quite, too, much too, 等
1)The person is quite clever. 2)Today is too cold.

快速写出下列形容词的比较级与最高级

原级 slow fine angry wet heavy important far

比较级 slower finer angrier wetter

最高级 slowest finest angriest wettest heaviest most important farthest / furthest

heavier
more important farther /further

younger 1.Who is _______ ( young ), Jim or Tom ? more 2.Our country is becoming ______and more beautiful _____ _________ (beautiful). 3. Saturday is my busiest ______ week. (busy) day in a

tall 4.Miss Chen is only 1.40 meters _____(tall). She is much shorter (short) than Miss Tan. ______

cute

cuter

cutest

The mouse is cute .

The monkey is cuter than the mouse. The cat is the cutest of the three.

interesting

more interesting

most interesting

Donald Duck is interesting. Harry Potter is more interesting than Donald Duck. Kung Fu Panda is the most interesting of all.

400kg

15kg

7000kg


1、Which animal is heavier, the dog or the tiger? 2、Which animal is the heaviest, the dog , the tiger or the elephant ?

等 级

用法
1.表示两者 之间的比较

句型

例句

比较级+ than Our school is larger than theirs.

2.表 “越来 越??”, 比较级+ and+ 表示本身程 比较级 比 度的改变

In winter, the days are getting shorter and shorter.

较 3.表“越?? 级 越??”表示 The+比较级,
一方随另一方 the+比较级 的程度而变化 4.用比较级 形式表示最 高级的意思

The sooner , the better.

比较级 +than any other+单数

He is taller than any other boy in his class.

用法

句型

例句

1.三者或以 the+最高 上表示最高 级+of/in 程度 的短语 最 one 2.表 高 “最?? of+the+最 级 之一” 高级+复数 名词

Shanghai is the largest city in China.
Lu Xun is one of the greatest writers last century. The Huanghe River is the second longest river in China.

3.表“第 the+序数 词+最高 几个 最??” 级+名词

1.表示不及另一方时,使用“less+原级+than?”

This park is less beautiful than that one. 2. Which/Who?+ 比较级,A or B? Which/Who?+ 最高级,A ,B or C? Who is older, Jim or Tom ? Who is the tallest, Jim , Mike or Tom ? 3.当表示“第二,第三”等意思时,经常 在最高级的前面加second, third,等词。
This is the third largest city in China .

4、当最高级前有物主代词修饰时,其前 不加定冠词the. It’s our largest machine in our factory. 5、表示两者之中较??的意思时,用 “ the +比较级 + of the two ” Tom is the taller of the two boys.

单项选择:
1( ).In our city it’s ___ in July ,but it is even ____in August. A. hot; hotter B. hotter; hot C. hotter; hotter
2. Hainan is the second ______ island in china. A. larger B. largest C. most largest

3. She is _____than_____. A. busier/we B. more busy/us C. busier/us D.more busy/we

4(

). China is _______country in the world. A. the largest third B. the third largest C. a third largest

5( ).The weather is getting ____ and____ . A. warm and warmer B. hoter and hoter C. worse and worse

6( ). Which is _____ season in Beijing ? A. good B. better C. the best

7.Kangkang is _____at playing basketball than Jim. A. good ; B. better ; C. best 8. Which subject is __, physics or chemistry ? A. most difficult B. more difficult C. the most difficult

9.Li Hong is_____ of the two students. A. more tired B. more cleverer C. best

根据所给中文意思完成下列句子 1.第一个问题很容易,但第二个更容易。

The first question is very ______, but the second one is ________.
2.一班的学生比二班多得多.

There are _____ ______ students in Class 1 _______ In Class 2.
3.他是我最好的朋友

He is ______ _______ friend.

6.他比班上其他的任何一个男孩子都高。

He is _________ than _____ _______ boy in his class.
7 他对英语越来越感兴趣.

He is bec

oming _____ ____ ____ __________ ____ English.

“比较”出来的英语

1. A friend is easier lost than found. 朋友易失不易得。 2. Better to do well than to say well. 说得好不如干得好。 3.Better the last smile than the first laughter. 宁可最

后微笑,不可首先狂喜。 4.Doing is better than saying. 会说不如会做。 5. Two heads are better than one. 两人智慧胜一人。 6. Good to begin well, better to end well. 善始好,善终 更佳。 7.An eye finds more truth than two ears.百闻不如一见 。

自我巩固:
1.仔细阅读书本122--126页关于

形容词比较等级应用的内容,并 熟读其中的例句。
2. 默写新单词

3.做课堂作业及新标准英语里面

的练习。


上一篇:articles for daily use
下一篇:新版7A资料
网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com